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1977 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1977
MCMLXXVII
Ab urbe condita2730
Armenian calendar1426
ԹՎ ՌՆԻԶ
Assyrian calendar6727
Bahá'í calendar133–134
Balinese saka calendar1898–1899
Bengali calendar1384
Berber calendar2927
British Regnal year25 Eliz. 2 – 26 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2521
Burmese calendar1339
Byzantine calendar7485–7486
Chinese calendar丙辰(Fire Dragon)
4673 or 4613
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4674 or 4614
Coptic calendar1693–1694
Discordian calendar3143
Ethiopian calendar1969–1970
Hebrew calendar5737–5738
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2033–2034
 - Shaka Samvat1898–1899
 - Kali Yuga5077–5078
Holocene calendar11977
Igbo calendar977–978
Iranian calendar1355–1356
Islamic calendar1397–1398
Japanese calendarShōwa 52
(昭和52年)
Javanese calendar1908–1909
Juche calendar66
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4310
Minguo calendarROC 66
民國66年
Nanakshahi calendar509
Thai solar calendar2520
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
2103 or 1722 or 950
    — to —
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
2104 or 1723 or 951
Unix time220924800 – 252460799

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the , the 77th year of the , and the 8th year of the decade.

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Events

January

  • January – The world's first all-in-one home computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago
  • January 1 – The Australian state of Queensland abolishes the inheritance tax.
  • January 3Apple Computer is incorporated.
  • January 6 – Record company EMI drops the controversial United Kingdom punk rock group the Sex Pistols.[1]
  • January 8Three bombs explode in Moscow within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
  • January 10
    • Mount Nyiragongo erupts in eastern Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
    • Ocean Park opens in Hong Kong.
File:Oceanpark-entrance.JPG

January 10: Ocean Park, Hong Kong

  • January 15Linjeflyg Flight 618 crashes into the Kälvesta area of Stockholm, killing all 22 on board.
  • January 17
    • Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah (the first execution after the reintroduction of the death penalty in the U.S.).
    • 49 marines from the Template:Ship and Template:Ship perished in the waters of the Barcelona harbour [1].
  • January 18
    • Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
    • Australia's worst railway disaster at Granville, near Sydney, leaves 83 people dead.
    • SFR Yugoslavia Prime minister Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • January 19
    • U.S. President Gerald Ford, on his final full day in office, pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (aka "Tokyo Rose").
    • Snow falls in Miami (despite its ordinarily tropical climate) for the only time in its history. Snowfall has occurred farther south in the United States only on the high mountains of the state of Hawaii.
  • January 20Jimmy Carter is sworn in as President of the United States.
  • January 21 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardons Vietnam War draft evaders.
  • January 23 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India calls for fresh elections to the Lok Sabha and releases all political prisoners.
  • January 23Roots begins its phenomenally successful run on ABC.
  • January 24 – The Massacre of Atocha occurs during the Spanish transition to democracy.
  • January 26Katimavik is founded as a volunteer service organization for Canadian youths.
  • January 28 – The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York, and the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario.
  • January 31 – The Centre Georges Pompidou is officially opened by French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing.

February

  • February 2 – The Congress party of India, led by Indira Gandhi, splits with Jagjivan Ram and other senior leaders, forming Congress for Democracy. This party later merges with the Janata Party.
  • February 4Fleetwood Mac's Grammy-winning album Rumours is released.
  • February 7
    • The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 24 (Viktor Gorbatko, Yury Glazkov) to dock with the Salyut 5 space station.
    • London's International Times proclaims for the first time the famous quote; “punk is dead.”
  • February 15
    • Space Shuttle program: First test taxi flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise.
    • The first Aardman character, Morph is introduced on Take Hart.
  • February 18 – Prog 1 of 2000 AD is launched (issue dated 26 February 1977).
  • February 23Óscar Romero becomes Archbishop of San Salvador.
  • February 28 – Queen Elizabeth II opens the Parliament of New Zealand.

March

  • March 4 – The 1977 Vrancea earthquake in the Vrancea Mountains of Romania kills 1,500.
  • March 5Formula One driver Tom Pryce dies after colliding with a track marshal at the South African Grand Prix in Kyalami.
  • March 8 – The Australian parliament is opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
  • March 9Hanafi Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Movement members take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages (the hostage situation ends 2 days later).
  • March 10 – The rings of Uranus are discovered.
  • March 12 – The Centenary Test between Australia and England begins at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
  • March 15 – Tenor Luciano Pavarotti and the PBS opera series Live from the Met both make their American television debuts. Pavarotti stars in a complete production of Puccini's La Boheme.
  • March 19 – Results of elections to the Indian Parliament are declared. Indira Gandhi's Congress Party is routed by the opposition parties later to form the Janata Party.
  • March 26Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson.
  • March 27Tenerife disaster: A collision between KLM and Pan Am Boeing 747s at Tenerife, Canary Islands, kills 583 people. This becomes the deadliest accident in aviation history.
  • March 28Marquette University wins the men's NCAA basketball tournament with a win over the University of North Carolina 67-59.

April

  • April 1 – The small market town of Hay-on-Wye declares independence from the UK, as a publicity stunt.
  • April 2Horse racing: Red Rum wins a record third Grand National at Aintree Racecourse.
  • April 4
    • Grundy, Virginia experiences a major flood that causes around $15 million in damages to 228 residential and commercial structures (to date the town is still recovering).
    • Southern Airways Flight 242 crashes on a highway in New Hope, Georgia, killing 72 people.
  • April 5 – Beginning of demonstrations in 10 cities across the U.S., the longest being the 3.5 week sit-in the San Francisco Federal Building to persuade President Jimmy Carter to implement the first Federal civil rights law for people with disabilities, Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, without reinstituting the "separate but equal" doctrine.
  • April 7
    • German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by 2 Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light near his home in Karlsruhe. The "Ulrike Meinhof Commando" later claims responsibility.
    • The Toronto Blue Jays play their first game of baseball against the Chicago White Sox.
    • The Seattle Mariners play their first-ever game of baseball against the California Angels.
File:Silver Routemaster SRM3.jpg

April 11: UK Silver Jubilee (25 red buses painted silver).

  • April 8 – The punk band The Clash's debut album The Clash is released in the UK on CBS Records.
  • April 11London Transport's Silver Jubilee buses are launched.
  • April 21 – Residents of Dover, Massachusetts report sightings of an eerie monster.
  • April 22Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
  • April 27 – The Guatemala City air disaster kills 28 people.
  • April 28 – A federal court in Stuttgart sentences Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, and Jan-Carl Raspe to life imprisonment.
  • April 30 – The Cold War between Cambodia and Vietnam evolves into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
    • Led Zeppelin sets a new world record attendance for an indoor solo attraction at the Pontiac Silverdome when 76,229 persons attend a concert here on the group's 1977 North American Tour.

May

  • May 1 – The Taksim Square massacre in Istanbul results in 34 deaths, hundreds of injuries.
  • May 3 – The light aircraft carrier HMS Invincible is launched at Barrow-in-Furness by Elizabeth II.
  • May 8Suzanne Lacy's extended performance piece about rape, Three Weeks in May begins in Los Angeles and continues until May 24.[2]
  • May 12 – Portugal and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
  • May 14
    • The 1977 IAS Cargo Boeing 707 airplane crash in Lusaka, Zambia kills all 6 on board.
    • In Milan, Italy, during a far-left demonstration, a hooded person shoots at the police, killing a policeman, Antonio Custra. The scene is photographed and the picture[3] of the hooded man shooting in the middle of the street appears in many magazines around the world.
  • May 17
    • The Likud Party, led by Menachem Begin, wins the national elections in Israel.
    • Elizabeth II commences her 1977 Silver Jubilee tour in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • May 23
    • Scientists report using bacteria in a lab to make insulin via gene splicing.
    • Moluccan terrorists take over a school in Bovensmilde, northern Netherlands (105 hostages), and a passenger train on the Bovensmilde–Assen route nearby (90 hostages) at the same time. On June 11, Dutch Royal Marines storm the train, and 6 terrorists and 2 hostages are killed.
  • May 25George Lucas' Star Wars opens in cinemas and later becomes the historic highest-grossing film for that time. It also makes sci-fi films very popular.
  • May 26George Willig climbs the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
  • May 27
    • Elizabeth II opens the new Air Terminal Building at the Edinburgh Airport.
    • The 1977 Aeroflot Ilyushin 62 airplane crash in Cuba kills 69 people.
    • Space Mountain opens at Disneyland and to this day remains as one of the park's most popular attractions.
    • A demonstration and coup attempt in Angola takes place. Afterward thousands were killed by the government and Cuban forces.[4]
  • May 28 – The Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky, is engulfed in fire; 165 are killed inside.
  • May 29Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt becomes the first driver to win the race 4 times.

June

  • June 5
    • A bloodless coup installs France-Albert René as President of the Seychelles.
    • The Portland Trail Blazers defeat the Philadelphia 76ers 109–107 to win the National Basketball Association finals four games to two. Bill Walton is selected as the MVP of the series.
  • June 69Jubilee celebrations are held in the United Kingdom to celebrate 25 years of Elizabeth II's reign.
  • June 7 – After campaigning by Anita Bryant and her anti-gay "Save Our Children" crusade, Miami-Dade County, Florida voters overwhelmingly vote to repeal the county's "gay rights" ordinance.
  • June 10
    • The first Apple II series computers go on sale.[5]
    • James Earl Ray escapes from the Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee; he is recaptured on June 13.
  • June 12The Supremes perform their final concert together at Drury Lane in London, England and then disband permanently.
  • June 15 – Spain has its first democratic elections, after 41 years under the Franco regime.
  • June 16 – The Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates.
  • June 20
    • The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the states are not required to spend Medicaid funds on elective abortions.
    • Anglia Television broadcasts the fake documentary Alternative 3, which enters into the conspiracy theory canon.
  • June 21Bülent Ecevit, of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (40th government since the founding of the Turkish republic, but fails to receive the vote of confidence).
  • June 25
    • The 1977 Rugby League World Cup culminates in Australia's 13 – 12 victory over Great Britain at the Sydney Cricket Ground before about 24,450 spectators.
    • American Roy Sullivan is struck by lightning for the seventh time.
  • June 26
    • Elvis Presley holds his last concert at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis.
    • Some 200,000 protesters march through the streets of San Francisco, protesting Anita Bryant's anti-gay remarks and the murder of Robert Hillsborough.
    • 16-year-old shop assistant Jayne Macdonald is murdered by the Yorkshire Ripper in Leeds, England.
  • June 27Djibouti receives its independence from France.
  • June 30
    • The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is permanently disbanded.
    • The Women Marines are disbanded, and the women are integrated into regular Marine Corps.
    • U.S. President Jimmy Carter announces the cancellation of the B-1 Bomber program (it is later revived by the Reagan Administration).

July

  • July 1
    • CKO (a Canadian all news radio network, defunct since 1989) begins broadcasting.
    • The EAC is dissolved.
    • WimbledonVirginia Wade wins women's singles title in centenary year of the tournament – It was Wade's first and only Wimbledon title, third and final Grand Slam title overall. Wade remains the last British woman to win the singles title at Wimbledon.
  • July 5 – General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrows Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • July 13
    • Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethio-Somali War.
    • The New York City blackout of 1977 lasts for 25 hours, resulting in looting and other disorder.
  • July 15 – Anti-drug campaigner Donald Mackay disappears near Griffith, New South Wales (presumed murdered).
  • July 1920 – Flooding in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, caused by massive rainfall, kills over 75 people and causes billions in damage.
  • July 2124 – The Libyan–Egyptian War, sparked by a Libyan raid on Sallum, begins.
  • July 21Süleyman Demirel, of AP forms the new government of Turkey (41st government a three-party coalition, so-called second national front (Template:Lang-tr)).
  • July 22 – The purged Chinese Communist leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power 9 months after the "Gang of Four" was expelled from power in a coup d'état.
  • July 24Led Zeppelin presents its last American concert in Oakland, California, at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. A brawl erupts between Led Zeppelin's crew and the staff of the promoter Bill Graham, resulting in criminal assault charges for several members of the Led Zeppelin group including the drummer John Bonham.
  • July 27 – The Soviet Politburo orders Boris Yeltsin to demolish the Ipatiev House, where Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were shot in 1918. Yeltsin eventually calls this a barbarian act.
  • July 28 – The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System reaches Valdez, Alaska.
  • July 30 – Left-wing German terrorists Susanne Albrecht,[6] Brigitte Mohnhaupt and Christian Klar assassinate Jürgen Ponto,[7] chairman of the Dresdner Bank in Oberursel, West Germany.

August

File:Elvis grave Graceland.jpg

August 16: Elvis Presley dies. His funeral in Memphis attracts 75,000 fans.

  • August 3
    • United States Senate hearings on Project MKUltra are held.
    • The Tandy Corporation TRS-80 Model I computer is announced at a press conference.
  • August 4 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
  • August 7Mount Usu volcano in Japan erupts.
  • August 9 – The military-controlled government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
  • August 10David Berkowitz is captured in Yonkers, New York, after over a year of murders in New York City as the Son of Sam.
  • August 12 – The NASA Space Shuttle, named Enterprise, makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
  • August 15
    • The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the Wow! signal for a notation made by a volunteer on the project.
    • Herbert Kappler escapes from the Caelian Hill military hospital in Rome.
  • August 16
    • Elvis Presley, the "king of rock and roll", dies in his home in Graceland at age 42. 75,000 fans line the streets of Memphis for his funeral.[8]
    • Supertanker Pierre Guillaumat is launched at Saint-Nazaire; she is the all-time world's largest ship (by deadweight tonnage and length overall) at launch.
  • August 17 – The Soviet icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
  • August 19Groucho Marx, comedic legend, star of stage and screen, dies of pneumonia at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, at the age of 86 (born 1890).
  • August 20Voyager program: The United States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
  • August 26 – The National Assembly of Quebec passes the Charter of the French Language (Law 101, La charte de la langue française) making French the official language of the Canadian province of Quebec.

September

  • September – Evangelical pastor Oral Roberts publishes plans to build the 'City of God Hospital' in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The towers are completed in 1981 for $120M ($299M, in 2012)[9]
  • September 3 – The Commodore PET computer is first sold.
  • September 4 – The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in San Francisco.
  • September 5
    • Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
    • German Autumn: Employers Association President Hanns Martin Schleyer is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany. The kidnappers kill 3 escorting police officers and his chauffeur. They demand the release of Red Army Faction prisoners.
  • September 7 – Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The U.S. agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • September 8Interpol issues a resolution against the copyright infringement of video tapes and other material, which is still cited in warnings on opening pre-credits of videocassettes and DVDs.
  • September 10Hamida Djandoubi's is the last guillotine execution in France.
  • September 11Atari, Inc. releases its Video Computer System in North America.
  • September 12 – South African activist Steve Biko dies after suffering a massive head injury in police custody in Pretoria.
  • September 16Glam rock pioneer Marc Bolan dies in a car crash in Barnes, London.
  • September 18Courageous (U.S.), skippered by Ted Turner, sweeps the Australian challenger Australia in the 24th America's Cup yacht race.
  • September 19
    • Under pressure from the Carter Administration, President of Nicaragua Anastasio Somoza Debayle lifts the state of siege in Nicaragua.
    • North Korean agents abduct Yutaka Kume from Noto Peninsula starting the North Korean abductions of Japanese citizens.
  • September 20 – The Petrozavodsk phenomenon is observed in the Soviet Union and some northern European countries.
  • September 23 – Jazz-rock group Steely Dan releases their sixth studio album Aja; it becomes their highest charting album in the United States at No. 3 and goes on to sell over 5 million copies.
  • September 28 – The Porsche 928 debuts at the Geneva Motor Show.
  • September 29
    • Singer-songwriter Billy Joel releases his fifth studio album The Stranger; it becomes the first of several hit albums, spawning five hit singles, going 10x platinum in the US, and later ranking at No. 70 on the list of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
    • The modern Food Stamp Program begins when the Food Stamp Act of 1977 is enacted.

October

  • October 1
    • Energy Research and Development Administration combined with the Federal Energy Administration to form United States Department of Energy.
  • October 7
    • The Soviet Union adopts its third Constitution after a prolonged campaign by Brezhnev Supporters to have it passed before the Supreme Soviet dissolves for the end of the parliamentary session.
    • Pelé plays his final professional football game as a member of the New York Cosmos.
  • October 13German Autumn: Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand the release of 11 Red Army Faction members.
  • October 14
    • Anita Bryant is famously pied by four gay rights activists during a press conference in Des Moines, Iowa. This event results in her political fallout from anti-gay activism.
    • American singer and actor Bing Crosby, one of the most popular, far-reaching and influential entertainers of all time, dies after finishing 18 holes at La Moraleja Gold Course in Spain.
  • October 1718German Autumn: GSG 9 troopers storm the hijacked Lufthansa passenger plane in Mogadishu, Somalia; 3 of the 4 hijackers die.
  • October 18
    • German Autumn: Red Army Faction members Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Gudrun Ensslin commit suicide in Stammheim prison; Irmgard Möller fails (their supporters still claim they were murdered). They are buried on October 27.
    • Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, opens the third session of the 30th Canadian Parliament.
    • Reggie Jackson blasts 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a World Series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers.
  • October 19German Autumn: Kidnapped industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer is found murdered in Mulhouse, France.
  • October 20 – Three members of the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd die in a charter plane crash outside Gillsburg, Mississippi, 3 days after the release of their fifth studio album Street Survivors.
  • October 21 – The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • October 23 – The president of Catalonia, Josep Tarradellas, returns to Barcelona from exile and the autonomous government of Catalonia, the Generalitat, is restored.
  • October 25Seychelles recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • October 26
    • The last natural smallpox case is discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination and, by extension, of modern science.
    • Space Shuttle program: Last test taxi flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise, over California.
  • October 27 – British punk band Sex Pistols release Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols on the Virgin Records label. Despite refusal by major retailers in the UK to stock it, it debuts at number one on the UK Album Charts the week after its release.
  • October 28
    • Hong Kong police forces attack the ICAC headquarters.
    • British rock band Queen release the album News of the World.

November

  • November 12060 Chiron, first of the outer Solar System asteroids known as Centaurs, is discovered by Charlie Kowal.
File:Sadat Camp David.jpg

November 19: Sadat meets Menachem Begin in Israel.

File:IP stack connections.svg

November 22: TCP/IP links 3 of 111 ARPANET nodes.

  • November 2 – The worst storm in Athens' modern history causes havoc across the Greek capital and kills 38 people.
  • November 6 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia fails, killing 39.
  • November 8
    • Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
    • San Francisco elects City Supervisor Harvey Milk, the first openly gay elected official of any large city in the U.S.
  • November 9Gen. Hugo Banzer, president of the military government of Bolivia, announces that the constitutional democracy will be restored in 1978 instead of 1980 as previously provided.
  • November 10 – The Bee Gees release the soundtrack to Saturday Night Fever, which will go on to become the then best selling album of all time.
  • November 19
    • Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
    • TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes at Madeira Airport, Funchal, Portugal, killing 131 and leaving 33 survivors.
  • November 22
    • British Airways inaugurates regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
    • The TCP/IP test succeeds, connecting 3 ARPANET nodes (of 111), in what eventually becomes the Internet protocol.[10]
  • November 28Jazz saxophonist Archie Shepp records "On Green Dolphin Street", the first digitally recorded album to be released commercially in the USA.
  • November 30 – The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is founded as a specialized agency of the United Nations.

December

  • December – the Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific (CESDAP) is implemented.
  • December 1
    • Lockheed's top-secret stealth aircraft project, designated Have Blue and precursor to the U.S. Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, makes its first flight.
    • The first children's cable channel The Pinwheel Network (later known as Nickelodeon), is launched.
  • December 4
    • Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor.
    • Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjung Kupang, Johor, Malaysia, killing all 100 passengers and crew on board.
  • December 11 – after losing 26 games, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the US National Football League record their very first win; against the New Orleans Saints.
  • December 13 – a chartered Douglas DC-3 aircraft carrying the University of Evansville basketball team to Nashville, Tennessee, crashes in rain and dense fog about 90 seconds after takeoff from Evansville Regional Airport; 29 people die in the crash, including 14 members of the team and head coach Bob Watson.
  • December 16
    • Mikhail Baryshnikov's 1976 production of Tchaikovsky's beloved ballet The Nutcracker comes to CBS a year after premiering onstage at the Kennedy Center. This adaptation will become the most popular television production of the work.
    • The movie Saturday Night Fever is released in theaters and becoming the biggest dancing movie of all time and launches the career of its star John Travolta and the Bee Gees who performed many songs on its soundtrack to superstardom.
  • December 18SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730, an international charter service from Zurich to Funchal Airport (Madeira), hits the sea during a landing attempt. Many of the 36 who die drown, trapped inside the sinking aircraft. Twenty-one people survive with the help of rescuers and by swimming to the shore.
  • December 20Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.
  • December 22 – A grain elevator explodes in Westwego, Louisiana, killing 36.

Date unknown

File:Shuttle Enterprise at Ellington Airfield 1978 4.jpg

Enterprise flies atop Boeing 747 over U.S.

  • Portugal's traditional naming conventions change such that children's surnames can come from either the mother or the father, not just from the father.
  • The Soviet National Anthem's lyrics are returned after a 24-year period, with Joseph Stalin's name omitted.
  • Mormon sex in chains case with the alleged abduction in England of a young Mormon missionary.
  • The WAVES are disbanded; women integrated into the regular Navy.

Births

January

File:Axel 2011-08-21 01.jpg

Axel

File:Piolo Pascual at the Star Magic Concert Tour in Ontario, CA, June 2009.jpg

Piolo Pascual

File:Orlando Bloom 2014 Comic Con (cropped).jpg

Orlando Bloom

File:Leigh Whannell Saw 3D premiere.jpg

Leigh Whannell

File:Jerry Trainor.jpg

Jerry Trainor

  • January 1
    • Axel, Argentine singer and songwriter
    • Craig Reucassel, Australian comedian
    • Donna Ares, Bosnian singer
  • January 2
    • Gavin Mahon, English footballer
    • Aleš Píša, Czech ice hockey player
  • January 3
    • Mayumi Iizuka, Japanese voice actress
    • A. J. Burnett, American baseball player
    • Jim Shearer, American VJ (MTV2 and VH1) and television personality
  • January 4Tim Wheeler, Irish singer-songwriter and musician (Ash)
  • January 7
    • John Gidding, American actor and architect
    • Dustin Diamond, American actor
  • January 8Amber Benson, American actress
  • January 9Scoonie Penn, American basketball player
  • January 11Anni Friesinger-Postma, German speed skater
  • January 12Piolo Pascual, Filipino actor
  • January 13Orlando Bloom, British actor
  • January 14Ruco Chan, Hong Kong actor
  • January 17Leigh Whannell, Australian actor and writer
  • January 19Taliesin Jaffe, American voice actor and actor
  • January 20Melody, Belgian singer
  • January 21Jerry Trainor, American actor
  • January 22Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
  • January 23Kamal Heer, Punjabi singer and musician
  • January 24Johann Urb, American actor
  • January 25
    • Hatem Trabelsi, Tunisian footballer
    • The-Dream, American singer
    • Christian Ingebrigtsen, Norwegian singer (A1)
  • January 26Vince Carter, American basketball player
  • January 28
    • Lyle Overbay, American baseball player
    • Daunte Culpepper, American football player
    • Joey Fatone, American musician ('N Sync)
  • January 31
    • Mark Dutiaume, Canadian hockey player
    • Kerry Washington, American actress

February

File:Shakira 2014.jpg

Shakira

File:Barry hall.jpg

Barry Hall

File:Cyrine AbdelNour 66ème Festival de Venise (Mostra) 6.jpg

Cyrine Abdelnour

File:Linkin Park-Rock im Park 2014- by 2eight 3SC0450.jpg

Mike Shinoda

  • February 2
    • Shakira, Colombian musician
    • Jessica Wahls, German pop singer
  • February 4Gavin DeGraw, singer/songwriter
  • February 5
    • Adam Everett, American baseball player
    • Ahmad Merritt, American football player
    • Ben Ainslie, British sailor
  • February 6Jim Conroy, North American voice artist
  • February 7
    • Paul Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Mariusz Pudzianowski, Polish strongman
  • February 8
  • February 9Ledina Çelo, Albanian singer and model
  • February 11
    • Randy Moss, American football player
    • Mike Shinoda, American rock musician (Linkin Park)
  • February 15Álex González, Venezuelan baseball player
  • February 16Ian Clarke, Irish computer scientist
  • February 18
    • Ike Barinholtz, American actor, comedian and screenwriter
    • László Nemes, Hungarian film director and screenwriter
  • February 19Gianluca Zambrotta, Italian footballer
  • February 20
    • Stephon Marbury, American basketball player
    • Amal Hijazi, Lebanese singer and model
  • February 21
    • Cyrine Abdelnour, Lebanese singer, actress, and model
    • Jonathan Safran Foer, American author
    • Steve Francis, American basketball player
    • Kevin Rose, American television host
  • February 23Kristina Šmigun-Vähi, Estonian skier
  • February 24
  • February 27Ji Sung, South Korean actor
  • February 28
    • Jason Aldean, American country music singer
    • Rafael Amaya, Mexican model, singer, and actor

March

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Chris Martin

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Robin Thicke

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James Van Der Beek

File:Jessica Chastain by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Jessica Chastain

  • March 1Rens Blom, Dutch athlete
  • March 2
    • Chris Martin, British rock musician (Coldplay)
    • Heather McComb, American actress
  • March 3Ronan Keating, Irish singer (Boyzone)
  • March 4
    • Ana Guevara, Mexican track and field athlete
    • Daniel Klewer, German footballer
    • Christian Jessen, TV presenter/doctor Embarrassing Bodies
  • March 5Wally Szczerbiak, Spanish-born basketball player
  • March 6
    • Paquillo Fernández, Spanish race walker
    • Santino Marella, Canadian wrestler
  • March 7
    • Ronan O'Gara, Irish rugby player
    • Mitja Zastrow, German-born swimmer
    • Paul Cattermole, English singer (S Club 7)
  • March 8James Van Der Beek, American actor
  • March 9Lydia Mackay, American voice actress
  • March 10
    • Peter Enckelman, Finnish footballer
    • Shannon Miller, American gymnast
    • Rita Simons, English Actor
    • Robin Thicke, American-Canadian R&B singer-songwriter, musician, composer, and actor
  • March 11
    • Becky Hammon, American basketball player
    • Jason Greeley, Canadian singer
  • March 14Kim Nam-il, South Korean footballer
  • March 15
    • Norifumi Yamamoto, Japanese mixed martial artist
    • Adrian Burnside, Australian baseball player
  • March 16Ismael La Rosa, Peruvian actor
  • March 18Zdeno Chára, Czechoslovakian (now Slovakia) hockey player
  • March 23
    • Sammy Morris, American football player
    • Edwin Siu, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • March 24
    • Jessica Chastain, American actress
    • Darren Lockyer, Australian rugby league player
  • March 27
    • Vítor Meira, Brazilian race car driver
    • Roger Velasco, American actor

April

File:Michael Fassbender by Gage Skidmore 2015.jpg

Michael Fassbender

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Sarah Michelle Gellar

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Frederik Magle

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Arash

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John Cena

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Jason Earles

  • April 1Vitor Belfort, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • April 2
    • Michael Fassbender, German-Irish actor
    • Nicki Pedersen, Danish motorcycle rider
  • April 4
    • Adam Dutkiewicz, American musician, Killswitch Engage
    • Stephen Mulhern, British musician, TV presenter
  • April 5Daniel Majstorović, Swedish soccer player
  • April 9Gerard Way, American rock singer
  • April 10Stephanie Sheh, American voice actress
  • April 11DJ Fresh, English DJ and music producer
  • April 12
    • Tobias Angerer, German cross-country skier
    • Sarah Monahan, Australian actress
    • Sarah Jane Morris, American actress
  • April 14
    • Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress
    • Chandra Levy, American murder victim (d. 2001)
    • Rob McElhenney, American actor
  • April 15Dejan Milojevic, Serbian basketball player
  • April 16
    • Fredrik Ljungberg, Swedish footballer
    • Tameka Empson, English actress
  • April 17Frederik Magle, Danish composer, concert organist, and pianist
  • April 19Bryan Spears, American film and television producer
  • April 21Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
  • April 22
    • Anna Eriksson, Finnish pop-rock singer
    • Steven Price, British film composer
  • April 23
    • Arash, Iranian-Swedish singer, entertainer and producer
    • Andruw Jones, Antillean baseball player
    • John Cena, American professional WWE wrestler, actor and rapper
    • John Oliver, British comedian, political commentator, actor, and television personality; host of HBO's Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
    • Kal Penn, American actor, producer and civil servant
  • April 24
    • Carlos Beltrán, Puerto Rican baseball player
    • Siarhiej Bałachonaŭ, Belarusian writer
  • April 25Manolo Cardona, Colombian actor
  • April 26
    • Jason Earles, American actor
    • Tom Welling, American actor
  • April 27Dai Fujikura, Japanese composer
  • April 30
    • Ole Jørn Myklebust, Norwegian jazz musician
    • Robert Evans, Welsh playwright

May

File:Ilse de Lange BFO 2011.jpg

Ilse DeLange

File:Melanie Lynskey at TIFF 2009.jpg

Melanie Lynskey

  • May 3
    • Ben Olsen, American footballer
    • Ryan Dempster, Canadian baseball player
    • Eric Church, American country music singer
  • May 4Emily Perkins, Canadian actress
  • May 5
    • Choi Kang-hee, South Korean actress
    • Virginie Efira, Belgian actress and television anchor
    • Jessica Schwarz, German film and TV actress
  • May 8
    • Pepe Sánchez, Argentine basketball player
    • Chiaki Takahashi, Japanese voice actress
  • May 9Choi Jung-yoon, South Korean actress
  • May 10
    • Nick Heidfeld, German race car driver
    • Chas Licciardello, Australian comedian (The Chaser)
  • May 11
    • Victor Matfield, South African rugby player
    • Janne Ahonen, Finnish ski jumper
  • May 12
    • Graeme Dott, Scottish snooker player
    • Rebecca Herbst, American actress
  • May 13
    • Ilse DeLange, Dutch country and pop singer, member of The Common Linnets, Eurovision Song Contest 2014 runner-up
    • Samantha Morton, British actress
  • May 14
    • Roy Halladay, American baseball player
    • Ada Nicodemou, Australian actress
  • May 16
    • Melanie Lynskey, New Zealand actress
    • Emilíana Torrini, Icelandic singer
  • May 17Lisa Kelly, Irish singer
  • May 19
    • Brandon Inge, American baseball player
    • Kelly Sheridan, Canadian voice actress
  • May 20Chad Muska, American skateboarder
  • May 23
    • Ilia Kulik, Russian figure skater
    • Yevgeny Rodionov, Russian soldier (d. 1996)
  • May 24Tamarine Tanasugarn, Thai tennis player
  • May 26
    • Misaki Ito, Japanese actress
    • Luca Toni, Italian footballer
  • May 27
    • Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian athlete
    • Tommie van der Leegte, Dutch soccer player
  • May 28Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American talk show host
  • May 29Massimo Ambrosini, Italian football player
  • May 31
    • Phil Devey, Canadian baseball player
    • Domenico Fioravanti, Italian swimmer
    • Greg Leeb, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Joachim Olsen, Danish athlete
    • Eric Christian Olsen, American actor
    • June Sarpong, British television presenter
    • Moses Sichone, Zambian footballer
    • Petr Tenkrát, Czech ice hockey player

June

File:Zachary Quinto by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Zachary Quinto

File:Kanye West Lollapalooza Chile 2011 2.jpg

Kanye West

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Jason Mraz

  • June 1
    • Danielle Harris, American actress
    • Sarah Wayne Callies, American actress
    • Jónsi, Icelandic singer
  • June 2
    • Zachary Quinto, American actor
    • A.J. Styles, American professional wrestler
  • June 3Travis Hafner, American baseball player
  • June 4Jordan Bratman, American celebrity
  • June 5Nourhanne, Lebanese singer
  • June 7Marcin Baszczyński, Polish footballer
  • June 8Kanye West, American rapper and record producer
  • June 9Peja Stojaković, Serbian basketball player
  • June 10
    • Adam Darski, Polish musician (aka Nergal, Holocausto)
    • Takako Matsu, Japanese singer-songwriter and actress
  • June 11
    • Ryan Dunn, American television personality (d. 2011)
    • Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
    • Shane Meier, Canadian actor
  • June 12Ana Tijoux, French-Chilean musician
  • June 14Chris McAlister, American football player
  • June 16Kerry Wood, American baseball player
  • June 19
    • Peter Warrick, American football player
    • Veronika Vařeková, Czech model
    • Maria Cioncan, distance runner from Romania (d. 2007)
  • June 20Aaron Moule, Australian rugby league player
  • June 21Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
  • June 22Ryōko Ono, Japanese voice actress
  • June 23
    • Antoine Winfield, American football player
    • Jason Mraz, American singer/songwriter
  • June 25Naoya Tsukahara, Japanese gymnast
  • June 26
    • William Kipsang, Kenyan long-distance runner
    • Tite Kubo, Japanese manga artist who created BLEACH
  • June 27
    • Raúl, Spanish footballer
    • Arkadiusz Radomski, Polish footballer
  • June 28Harun Tekin, Turkish rock vocalist and guitarist (Mor ve Ötesi)
  • June 29Zuleikha Robinson, British actress and singer

July

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Jarome Iginla

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Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden

File:JonathanRhysMeyersApr06.jpg

Jonathan Rhys Meyers

  • July 1
    • Tom Frager, French-born singer and surfer
    • Jarome Iginla, Canadian hockey player
    • Liv Tyler, American actress
  • July 2Ricardo Medina, Jr., American actor
  • July 5Steven Sharp Nelson, American cellist
  • July 6Craig Handley, British film director
  • July 8
    • Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
    • Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
  • July 10
    • Schapelle Corby, Australian convicted drug smuggler
    • Chiwetel Ejiofor, British actor
  • July 11Edward Moss, American impersonator
  • July 12
    • Peter Schaefer, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
  • July 13Kari Wahlgren, American voice actress
  • July 14Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • July 15Ray Toro, American rock guitarist (My Chemical Romance)
  • July 18Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • July 19Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • July 21Paul Casey, English golfer
  • July 24
    • Mehdi Mahdavikia, Iranian football player
    • Danny Dyer, English actor
  • July 26Rebecca St. James, Australian-born Christian musician
  • July 27
    • Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor
    • Martha Madison, American actress
  • July 28
    • Manu Ginóbili, Argentine basketball player
    • Rahman "Rock" Harper, American personality, restauranteur
  • July 30Jaime Pressly, American actress
  • July 31Tim Couch, American football player

August

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Edward Furlong

File:Tom Brady 2011.JPG

Tom Brady

  • August 2Edward Furlong, American actor
  • August 3Tom Brady, American football player
  • August 7 – Twins Samantha Ronson and Charlotte Ronson, British DJ and designer
  • August 8Marílson Gomes dos Santos, Brazilian long-distance runner
  • August 9Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
  • August 10Danny Griffin, Irish footballer
  • August 12
    • Plaxico Burress, American football player
    • Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor and singer (d. 2010)
  • August 13
    • Michael Klim, Australian swimmer
    • Miho Konishi, Japanese actress
  • August 15
  • August 16Tamer Hosny, Egyptian singer/actor
  • August 17
    • Thierry Henry, French footballer
    • Tarja Turunen, Finnish operatic soprano
    • Claire Richards, English singer (Steps)
  • August 18Lukáš Bauer, Czech cross-country skier
  • August 20
    • Felipe Contepomi, Argentine rugby player
    • Manuel Contepomi, Argentine rugby player
    • Henning Stensrud, Norwegian ski jumper
  • August 22Miho Kanno, Japanese actress and singer
  • August 23
    • Nicole Bobek, American figure skater
    • Kenta Miyake, Japanese voice actor
  • August 24
    • Robert Enke, German footballer (d. 2009)
    • Per Gade, Danish footballer
    • Jürgen Macho, Austrian footballer
    • John Green, American author, vlogger, writer, producer, actor and editor
  • August 25Masumi Asano, Japanese voice actress
  • August 26Morris Peterson, American basketball player
  • August 27Deco, Portuguese footballer
  • August 30
    • Shaun Alexander, American football player
    • Jens Ludwig, German guitarist
    • Kamil Kosowski, Polish footballer
    • Sayori Ishizuka, Japanese voice actress
  • August 31
    • Jeff Hardy, American professional wrestler
    • Barry Winchell, infantry soldier in the United States Army (d. 1999)
    • Craig Nicholls, Australian rock musician and songwriter

September

File:Ludacris 2008.jpg

Ludacris

File:Tom Hardy TIFF 2014.jpg

Tom Hardy

  • September 2
    • Frédéric Kanouté, Mali soccer player
    • Elitsa Todorova, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • September 4
    • Ian Grushka, American bassist (New Found Glory)
    • Lucie Silvas, English singer
  • September 6Kiyoshi Hikawa, Japanese enka singer
  • September 11Ludacris, American rapper and actor, co-founder of Disturbing tha Peace
  • September 12Idan Raichel, Israeli singer-songwriter
  • September 13Fiona Apple, American singer
  • September 15
    • Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter
    • Tom Hardy, English actor
    • Jason Terry, American basketball player
  • September 18Kieran West, British Olympic oarsman
  • September 19
    • Ryan Dusick, American musician (former Maroon 5)
    • Ioana Maria Lupașcu, Romanian pianist
  • September 20Namie Amuro, Japanese singer
  • September 21Hank Fraley, American football player
  • September 22Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league player
  • September 23
    • Matthieu Descoteaux, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Suzanne Tamim, Lebanese singer, actress, and murder victim (d. 2008)
  • September 24Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila, American football player
  • September 25
    • Clea DuVall, American actress
    • Robbie Jones, American actor
    • Adam Lovell, founder and owner of WriteAPrisoner.com
    • Joel David Moore, American actor
  • September 27Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
  • September 28
    • Ivana Božilović, Serbian model and actress
    • Se-Ri Pak, South Korean golfer
    • Kristal Tin, Hong Kong actress
  • September 29Jorgito Vargas, Jr., Canadian actor
  • September 30Roy Carroll, Irish footballer

October

File:Matt Bomer Comic-con by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Matt Bomer

  • October 5Hugleikur Dagsson, Icelandic artist
  • October 6Daniel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • October 7
    • Meighan Desmond, New Zealand actress
    • Yukta Mookhey, former Miss World and Indian actress.
  • October 8Anne-Caroline Chausson, French mountain bicycle racer
  • October 9
    • Hicham Chami, Moroccan financier and musician
    • Yafeu Fula (aka Yaki Kadafi), rapper from Tupac Shakur's group The Outlawz (d. 1996)
  • October 11
    • Claudia Palacios, Colombian journalist and newsreader
    • Rhett McLaughlin, American musician and internet personality, host of "Good Mythical Morning"
    • Matt Bomer, American film, stage, and television actor
  • October 12Bode Miller, American skier
  • October 13
    • Paul Pierce, American basketball player
    • Quincy Carter, American football Player
  • October 14
    • Adam Pengilly, British skeleton racer
    • Bianca Beauchamp, Canadian latex model
    • Kelly Schumacher, American basketball and volleyball player
  • October 15David Sergio Trezeguet, French footballer
  • October 16John Mayer, American musician and record producer
  • October 17André Villas-Boas, Portuguese football manager
  • October 18
    • Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand footballer
    • Paul Stalteri, Canadian footballer
  • October 20Stewart Petrie Scottish actor
  • October 25Birgit Prinz, German footballer
  • October 26
    • Louis Crayton, Swiss/Liberian footballer
  • October 27Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • October 28Jonas Rasmussen, Danish badminton player
  • October 29Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
  • October 30Charmian Faulkner, missing Australian toddler

November

File:Stamp of Ukraine WOG94.jpg

Oksana Baiul

File:Maggie Gyllenhaal at the 82nd Academy Awards (cropped).jpg

Maggie Gyllenhaal

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Steve Aoki

  • November 1Alistair Griffin, British singer and songwriter
  • November 2Randy Harrison, American actor
  • November 3Aria Giovanni, American model and actress
  • November 4Larry Bigbie, American baseball player
  • November 6
    • Patrícia Tavares, Portuguese actress
    • Dušan Kecman, Serbian basketball player
  • November 8
    • João Rodrigo Silva Santos, Brazilian soccer player (d. 2013)
    • Bucky Covington, American country singer
    • Nick Punto, Italian-American baseball player
  • November 10Brittany Murphy, American actress (d. 2009)
  • November 13
    • Chanel Cole, New Zealand-born singer
    • Huang Xiaoming, Chinese actor and singer
  • November 15Peter Phillips, son of Anne, Princess Royal and Captain Mark Phillips
  • November 16
  • November 17Ryk Neethling, South African swimmer
  • November 18
    • Trent Barrett, Australian rugby league player
    • Miranda Raison, British actress
  • November 19Kerri Strug, American gymnast
  • November 20
    • Daniel Svensson, Swedish drummer
    • Josh Turner, American country music singer
  • November 21Jonas Jennings, American football player
  • November 22Michael Preston, English footballer
  • November 23
    • Christopher Amott, Swedish musician
    • David Lucas, English footballer
  • November 24Colin Hanks, American actor
  • November 26Ivan Basso, Italian cyclist
  • November 27Mika Tan, Asian-American adult film actress
  • November 28DeMya Walker, American basketball player
  • November 30Steve Aoki, American electro house DJ and founder of Dim Mak Records

December

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Emmanuelle Chriqui

File:Psy from acrofan.jpg

Psy

File:Oxana Fedorova1.jpg

Oxana Fedorova

  • December 3
    • Adam Małysz, Polish ski jumper
    • Troy Evans, American football player
  • December 6
    • Andrew Flintoff, English cricketer
    • Paul McVeigh, Irish footballer
    • Miwa Yasuda, Japanese voice actress
  • December 7
    • Fernando Vargas, American boxer
    • Luke Donald, English golfer
    • Dominic Howard Drummer in English rock-trio Muse
  • December 8
    • Elsa Benítez, Mexican model and television host
    • Ryan Newman, American race car driver
    • Sébastien Chabal, French rugby union player
  • December 10Emmanuelle Chriqui, Canadian actress
  • December 11Peter Stringer, Irish rugby union player
  • December 12
    • Dahm triplets, American models
    • Adam Saitiev, Chechen wrestler and Olympic gold medalist
  • December 14
    • KaDee Strickland, American actress
    • Jamie Peacock, English rugby league player
  • December 16
    • Kevin Gillespie, American comic book artist
    • Anu Nieminen, Finnish badminton player
  • December 17
    • Oxana Fedorova, Russian personality, Miss Universe 2002 (dethroned)
    • Katheryn Winnick, Canadian actress
  • December 20Sonja Aldén, Swedish pop singer
  • December 21Gregor Horvatič, a Slovenian politician, former president of Slovenian Democratic Youth
  • December 23
    • Alge Crumpler, American football player
    • Matt Baker, British television presenter
    • Jari Mäenpää, Finnish musician
  • December 24Domingo Vega, also known as Américo, Chilean singer
  • December 25Uhm Ji-won, South Korean actress
  • December 27
    • Jacqueline Pillon, Canadian actress
    • Sam Talbot, American chef
  • December 29
    • Huang Chuncai, Chinese man known as the "Elephant Man"
    • Laveranues Coles, American football player
    • Katherine Moennig, American actress
  • December 30
    • Laila Ali, American boxer
    • Scott Lucas, Australian rules footballer
    • Kenyon Martin, American basketball player
    • Saša Ilić, Serbian football player
  • December 31
    • Donald Trump, Jr., American executive vice-president of The Trump Organization
    • Psy, South Korean singer, songwriter, rapper, dancer, and record producer

Date unknown

  • Hayko, Armenian singer
  • Yaakov Shwekey, Jewish singer

Deaths

January

File:Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg

Ibrahim Bicakciu

File:Rt Hon Anthony Eden MP.jpg

Anthony Eden

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2005-0008, Carl Zuckmayer.jpg

Carl Zuckmayer

  • January 1
    • Adam Fox, Indian-born British male tennis player (b. 1883)
    • Michael Hogan, British screenwriter (b. 1893)
  • January 2Erroll Garner, American musician (b. 1921)
  • January 3
    • Carroll Quigley, American historian, polymath, and theorist of the evolution of civilizations (b. 1910)
    • Tom Gries, American TV and film director (b. 1922)
    • Hans Reinowski, German politician (b. 1900)
  • January 4Ibrahim Biçakçiu, 20th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1905)
  • January 5
    • Artur Adson, Estonian poet, writer and theatre critic (b. 1889)
    • Onslow Stevens, American actor (b. 1902)
  • January 6William Gropper, American artist (b. 1897)
  • January 11
    • Hilder F. Smith, American pioneer aviator (b. 1890)
    • Henry Cronin, British civil engineer and army officer (b. 1894)
  • January 12Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director (b. 1907)
  • January 13Henri Langlois, French film historian (b. 1914)
  • January 14
    • Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1897)
    • Peter Finch, English-born actor (b. 1916)
    • Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
  • January 16Daniel V. Gallery, American admiral and author (b. 1901)
  • January 17Gary Gilmore, American murderer (executed) (b. 1940)
  • January 18
    • Džemal Bijedić, Yugoslavian Prime Minister (b. 1917)
    • Carl Zuckmayer, German writer and playwright (b. 1896)
  • January 19Yvonne Printemps, French singer and actress (b. 1895)
  • January 21Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
  • January 22Billy Down, English professional association footballer (b. 1898)
  • January 23Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (b. 1903)
  • January 24Eli Lilly, American pharmaceutical industrialist and philanthropist from Indianapolis (b. 1885)
  • January 26Dietrich von Hildebrand, German philosopher and theologian. (b. 1889)
  • January 27
    • Eero Nelimarkka, Finnish painter (b. 1891)
    • Walter Baldwin, prolific character actor (b. 1889)
  • January 28Burt Mustin, American actor (b. 1884)
  • January 29
    • Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (b. 1902)
    • Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (Chico and the Man) (b. 1954)

February

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  • February 3Pauline Starke, American actress (b. 1901)
  • February 4Brett Halliday, American writer (b. 1904)
  • February 5Oskar Klein, Swedish theoretical physicist (b. 1894)
  • February 6George John Park, New Zealand teacher and technical college principal (b. 1880)
  • February 8Olinda Bozán, Argentinian actress (b. 1894)
  • February 9Queen Alia, Queen of Jordan (b. 1948)
  • February 11
    • Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th President of India (b, 1905)
    • Louis Beel, Dutch politician and jurist, former Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1902)
  • February 12
    • Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch juridical scholar by training (b. 1894)
    • Henry Jordan, American football player (Green Bay Packers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1935)
  • February 13Alberto Diena, Italian stamps collector (b. 1894)
  • February 14Bill Tilman, English mountaineer and explorer (b. 1898)
  • February 15Herman Johannes Lam, Dutch botanist (b. 1892)
  • February 16
    • Rózsa Péter, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1905)
    • Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (b. 1897)
  • February 17Mary Anne Reidy, New Zealand civilian and military nurse, community leader (b. 1880)
  • February 18
    • Andy Devine, American actor (b. 1905)
    • Ralph Graves, American actor (b. 1900)
  • February 18Chandabai, Jain scholar and a pioneer of women's education in India (b. 1880)
  • February 19Anthony Crosland, British author and politician (b. 1918)
  • February 20
    • Ralph Hungerford, American naval officer, 33rd Governor of American Samoa (b. 1896)
    • Christoffel Venter, South African military commander (b. 1892)
    • Yisrael Alter, 4th Rebbe of the Hasidic dynasty of Ger (b. 1895)
  • February 21John Hubley, American animator (b. 1914)
  • February 25
    • Patricia Haines, British actress (b. 1932)
    • Cuthbert Dukes, English physician and pathologist and author,(b. 1890)
  • February 26Aurel Persu, Romanian engineer and pioneer car designer (b. 1890)
  • February 27Allison Hayes, American actress (b. 1930)
  • February 28Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, African-American actor (The Jack Benny Show) (b. 1905)

March

File:Wim Schermerhorn 1946.jpg

Willem Schermerhorn

File:Congo 1972 (cropped).jpg

Marien Ngouabi

File:Charles Nicoletti (surveillance photo).gif

Charles Nicoletti

  • March 2Paul Rohmer, Alsacian physician considered the father of modern pædiatrics (b. 1876)
  • March 3Percy Marmont, American stage and screen actor (b. 1883)
  • March 4
    • Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
    • Ola Solberg, Norwegian newspaper editor and politician (b. 1886)
    • Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German jurist and senior government official (b. 1887)
  • March 5Tom Pryce, British Formula race car driver (b. 1949)
  • March 8Henry Hull, American actor (b. 1890)
  • March 10
    • E. Power Biggs, British-born American organist (b. 1906)
    • William G. James, Australian pianist and composer (b. 1892)
    • Léonce-Henri Burel, French cinematographer (b. 1892)
    • Willem Schermerhorn, Dutch politician and civil engineer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1945–1946) (b. 1894)
  • March 11Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1893)
  • March 14
    • Black Mike Winage, Serbian-Canadian miner, pioneer (b. 1870)
    • Mae Carden, American educator who developed the Carden Method (b. 1894)
  • March 15Antonino Rocca, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • March 16Kamal Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze (b. 1917)
  • March 17Claude Roger-Marx, French writer, and playwright (b. 1888)
  • March 18Marien Ngouabi, President of The Republic of the Congo (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • March 19William L. Laurence, Jewish Lithuanian-born American journalist (b. 1888)
  • March 20Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1909)
  • March 22A. K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (b. 1904)
  • March 25
    • Nunnally Johnson, American screenwriter and director (b. 1897)
    • Joe Stydahar, American football player (Chicago Bears) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1912)
  • March 26Madeleine Dring, British composer and actress (b. 1923)
  • March 27Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936)
  • March 28
    • Andries Mac Leod, Belgian-Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1891)
    • Frithiof Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1894)
    • Marion Clyde McCarroll, writer and journalist (b. 1891)
  • March 29
    • Charles Nicoletti, American gangster (b. 1916)
    • Eugen Wüster, industrialist and terminologist (b. 1898)
  • March 30Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (b. 1929)
  • March 31
    • Yasuji Kamada, Japanese photographer (b. 1883)
    • Eric Grant Miles, served as an officer with the British Army (b. 1891)
    • Jean Bachelet, French cinematographer (b. 1894)

April

File:Carlos Prio Socarras of Cuba.jpg

Carlos Prio Socarras

File:Gummo2.jpg

Gummo Marx

  • April 2He Tianjian, Chinese painter (b. 1891)
  • April 2John Whitaker, British gymnast (b. 1886)
  • April 5Carlos Prío Socarrás, President of Cuba (suicide) (b. 1903)
  • April 6
    • Isaac B. Mitchell, American farmer and politician (b. 1888)
    • Frank Rooney, Austro-Hungarian Major League Baseball infielder (b. 1884)
  • April 7Karl Ritter, German film producer and director (b. 1888)
  • April 11Jacques Prévert, French poet and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • April 12Philip K. Wrigley, American chewing gum manufacturer and Major League Baseball executive (b. 1894)
  • April 16Harwood Sturtevant, Episcopal bishop of the Diocese of Fond du Lac (b. 1888)
  • April 17William Conway, Northern Irish cardinal (b. 1913)
  • April 20
    • Wilmer Allison, American tennis champion (b. 1904)
    • Bryan Foy, American film producer and director (b. 1896)
  • April 21Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
  • April 23Charles D. Herron, general in the United States Army (b. 1877)
  • April 26Jack Ayre, Canadian pianist (b. 1894)
  • April 27Stanley Adams, American actor (b. 1915)
  • April 28
    • Ricardo Cortez, American actor (b. 1899)
    • Sepp Herberger, German soccer coach (b. 1897)
    • Viktor Novak, Yugoslav historian of Croat descent (b. 1889)
  • April 29William Arthur Whitlock, New Zealand journalist (b. 1891)

May

File:Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F041449-0007, Hamburg, CDU-Bundesparteitag, Ludwig Erhard.jpg

Ludwig Erhard

File:Joan Crawford - 1936 - Hurrell.JPG

Joan Crawford

File:Keita stamp 1961.png

Modibo Keita

  • May 4Richard Pike Bissell, British author of short stories and novels (b. 1913)
  • May 5
    • Ludwig Erhard, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1897)
    • Sam Lanin, American 1920s bandleader (b. 1891)
  • May 9James Jones, American writer (b. 1921)
  • May 10Joan Crawford, American actress
  • May 13Otto Deßloch, German World War II Luftwaffe general (b. 1889)
  • May 15
    • Herbert Wilcox, British film director and producer (b. 1892)
    • Torsten Tegnér, Swedish athlete and journalist (b. 1888)
    • René Roy, French economist (b. 1894)
    • Yang Sen, Sichuan warlord and general who excelled himself in his long military career (b. 1884)
  • May 16Modibo Keïta, 1st President of Mali (b. 1915)
  • May 17Robert Maynard Hutchins, American educational philosopher, dean of Yale Law School (b. 1899)
  • May 18Czesław Wycech, Polish activist, politician and historian (b. 1899)
  • May 25Máire Gill, French political activist who became third and longest-serving president (b. 1891)
  • May 31
    • William Castle, American film director (b. 1914)
    • Herbert Marshall, Canadian academic, statistician, and third Dominion Statistician (b. 1888)

June

File:Rossellini+gatta.jpg

Roberto Rossellini

File:Wernher von Braun.jpg

Wernher von Braun

  • June 2
    • Forrest Lewis, American actor (b. 1899)
    • Stephen Boyd, American film actor (Fantastic Voyage) (b. 1931)
  • June 3
    • Archibald Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
    • Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (b. 1906)
  • June 5Ward Melville, American philanthropist and businessman (b. 1887)
  • June 9Walter B. Jones, American geologist and archaeologist (b. 1895)
  • June 13Matthew Garber English child actor (b. 1956)
  • June 14
    • Alan Reed, American actor (b. 1907)
    • Andy York, English professional footballer (b. 1894)
    • Leonard Barnes, British anti-colonialist writer, journalist and educationalist (b. 1895)
  • June 16Wernher von Braun, German-born American rocket scientist (b. 1912)
  • June 19
    • Geraldine Brooks, American actress (b. 1925)
    • Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English Chief Girl Guide (b. 1889)
    • Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • June 22
    • Jacqueline Audry, French film director (b. 1908)
    • Oscar Olstad, Norwegian gymnast (b. 1887)
    • Marston Morse, American mathematician (b. 1892)
    • Georges Miquelle, studies at the age of five (b. 1894)
    • Joan Evans, British historian (b. 1893)
    • Philip Lindsey Clark, English sculptor (b. 1889)
  • June 25Olave Baden-Powell, founder of Scouting and Girl Guides, by over 35 years (b. 1889)

July

  • July 2Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (Lolita) (b. 1899)
  • July 9
    • Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist and writer (The Immense Journey) (b. 1907)
    • Alice Paul, American women's rights activist (b. 1885)
    • Harriette Chick, British protein scientist and nutritionist (b. 1875)
    • Willoughby Weaving, British writer and poet of the First World War era (b. 1885)
  • July 13Carl Gustav von Rosen, Swedish pilot (b. 1909)
  • July 15Konstantin Fedin, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • July 19Karl Ristikivi, Estonian writer (b. 1912)
  • July 20
    • Carter DeHaven, American actor (b. 1886)
    • Grenfell Price, Australian geographer, historian and educationist (b. 1892)
  • July 23Arsenio Erico, Paraguayan footballer (b. 1915)
  • July 26Gena Branscombe, Canadian pianist, composer, music educator and choir conductor (b. 1881)
  • July 30Jean de Laborde, French admiral, famous for the scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon (b. 1878)

August

File:Makarios III and Robert F. Wagner NYWTS cropped.jpg

Makarios III

File:Elvis Presley photograph.png

Elvis Presley

File:Groucho Marx - portrait.jpg

Groucho Marx

  • August 1Francis Gary Powers, American pilot, shot down in 1960 U-2 incident (b. 1929)
  • August 3
    • Alfred Lunt, American actor (b. 1892)
    • Makarios III, Cypriot Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (b. 1913)
  • August 4
    • Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
    • Ernst Bloch, German Marxist philosopher (b. 1885)
    • Antonio Machín, Cuban singer (b. 1903)
  • August 5Waldo L. Schmitt, American biologist (b. 1887)
  • August 6Alexander Bustamante, 1st Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1884)
  • August 9George Kenney, World War II United States Army Air Forces general (b. 1889)
  • August 11John Howard Lawson, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1894)
  • August 13Henry Williamson, English naturalist, farmer and prolific ruralist (b. 1895)
  • August 14
    • Ron Haydock, American actor, writer, and musician (b. 1940)
    • Alexander Luria, Soviet neuropsychologist (b. 1902)
  • August 16Elvis Presley, American actor and rock musician, Time, Person of the 20th Century (b. 1935)
  • August 17Delmer Daves, American screenwriter and director (b. 1904)
  • August 19
    • Groucho Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1890)
    • John Harlow, English film director (b. 1896)
  • August 22Sebastian Cabot, English actor (b. 1918)
  • August 23Naum Gabo, prominent Russian sculptor (b. 1890)
  • August 29Jean Hagen, American actress (b. 1923)
  • August 31
    • Rick Vallin, Russian-American actor (b. 1919)
    • H. C. Potter, American film director (b. 1904)

September

File:Maria Callas (La Traviata) 2.JPG

Maria Callas

  • September 1Ethel Waters, African-American singer (b. 1896)
  • September 4E. F. Schumacher, British economist (b. 1911)
  • September 6John Edensor Littlewood, British mathematician (b. 1885)
  • September 8Zero Mostel, American film and stage actor (A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum) (b. 1915)
  • September 9"Jungle" Jim Liberman, funny car drag racer (b. 1945)
  • September 12
    • Steve Biko, South African activist (b. 1946)
    • Robert Lowell, American poet (b. 1917)
  • September 13Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)
  • September 16
    • Marc Bolan, English musician (b. 1947)
    • Maria Callas, American-born soprano (b. 1923)
    • Francis Shurrock, notable New Zealand sculptor and art teacher (b. 1887)
    • Alexandre Constantinovich Chnéour, Russian entomologist and herpetologist (b. 1884)
  • September 18Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
  • September 23John Nash, British painter of landscape and still-life (b. 1893)
  • September 24
    • Piet Zwart, Dutch photographer, typographer, and industrial designer.(b. 1885)
    • Frederick Merk, American historian.(b. 1887)
  • September 26Ernie Lombardi, American baseball player (Cincinnati Reds) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1908)
  • September 27Czesław Wycech, Polish activist, politician and historian (b. 1899)
  • September 28Adam Fox, Dean of Divinity at Magdalen College, Oxford (b. 1883)

October

File:Bing Crosby 1942.jpg

Bing Crosby

November

File:Kurt Schuschnigg 1934.jpg

Kurt Schuschnigg

  • November 3Florence Vidor, American actress (b. 1895)
  • November 4Betty Balfour, English screen actress (b. 1903)
  • November 5
    • René Goscinny, French comic book writer (b. 1926)
    • Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American bandleader (b. 1902)
    • Alice May Palmer, New Zealand public servant (b. 1886)
  • November 8Bucky Harris, American baseball manager (Washington Senators) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1896)
  • November 9Gertrude Astor, American actress (b. 1887)
  • November 10Dennis Wheatley, English writer (b. 1897)
  • November 11
    • Greta Keller, Austrian-born singer and actress (b. 1903)
    • Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and political activist (b. 1950)
  • November 14
    • A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian religious leader, founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, ISKCON (b. 1896)
    • Ferdinand Heim, German general, branded the "Scapegoat of Stalingrad" (b. 1897)
  • November 15Princess Charlotte of Monaco (b. 1898)
  • November 16José Acosta, starting pitcher in Major League Baseball(b. 1891)
  • November 17André Perugia, French shoe designer (b. 1893)
  • November 18
    • Victor Francen, Belgian actor (b. 1888)
    • Kurt Schuschnigg, 12th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1897)
  • November 21Richard Carlson, American actor (b. 1912)
  • November 25Tommy Prince, Canadian war hero (b. 1915)
  • November 28Claus von Wagner, German cabarettist and comedian
  • November 30Terence Rattigan, English playwright (b. 1911)

December

File:Clementine Churchill 1915.jpg

Clementine Churchill

File:Juan Velasco Alvarado 1971.jpg

Juan Velasco Alvarado

File:Charlie Chaplin.jpg

Charlie Chaplin

  • December 3Jack Beresford, British Olympic rower (b. 1899)
  • December 4Tom Senier, Irish melodeon (single row diatonic accordion) player (b. 1895)
  • December 5
    • Rahsaan Roland Kirk, American jazz musician (b. 1936)
    • Katherine Milhous, American artist, illustrator, and writer (b. 1894)
    • Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet general, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
  • December 7Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-born engineer and developer of the 33rpm record (b. 1906)
  • December 10Ethel Roosevelt Derby, Youngest daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1891)
  • December 12Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, Wife of Winston Churchill (b. 1885)
  • December 13 – Sir Charles Petrie, British historian (b. 1895)
  • December 15Wilfred Kitching, 7th (British) General of The Salvation Army (b. 1893)
  • December 16
    • Gustaf Aulén, Bishop of Strängnäs in the Church of Sweden, (b. 1879)
    • Yngve Larsson, Swedish Ph.D., Municipal commissioner (Borgarråd), Member of Parliament and statesman., (b. 1881)
  • December 18Cyril Ritchard, Australian actor and director (b. 1897)
  • December 19
    • Takeo Kurita, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
    • Jacques Tourneur, French director (b. 1904)
    • Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician, the 14th Governor of Wyoming from 1925 to 1927 (b. 1876)
  • December 24
    • Juan Velasco Alvarado, military President of Peru (b. 1910)
    • Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (b. 1917)
  • December 25
    • Sir Charles Chaplin, British actor, producer and director (b. 1889)
    • Oliver P. Smith, American general (b. 1893)
  • December 26Howard Hawks, American film director (b. 1896)
  • December 27Mildred Bendall, active force of the avant-garde in Bordeaux (b. 1891)
  • December 28
    • Karen Grech, Maltese terrorism victim (b. 1962)
    • Charlotte Greenwood, American actress (b. 1890)

Date unknown

  • Johannes Pedersen, Danish theologian and linguist (b. 1883)
  • Stephen Sanford, American heir and polo champion (b. 1899)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsPhilip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
  • ChemistryIlya Prigogine
  • Physiology or MedicineRoger Guillemin, Andrew Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
  • LiteratureVicente Aleixandre
  • PeaceAmnesty International
  • EconomicsBertil Ohlin, James Meade

In fiction

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References

  1. "From the archive, 7 January 1977 : EMI guns down Sex Pistols". the Guardian.
  2. Fryd, Vivien Green (Spring 2007). "Suzanne Lacy's Three Weeks in May: Feminist Activist Performance Art as "Expanded Public Pedagogy"". NWSA Journal. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 19 (1): 23–38. JSTOR 4317229.
  3. Im135.imageavenue.com
  4. Lara Pawson (2014). In the Name of the People: Angola's Forgotten Massacre. ISBN 978-1780769059.
  5. Christopher Null (April 2007), "50 Best Tech Products of All Time", PC World, USA
  6. Baader-Meinhof.com
  7. Commerzbank AG. "Startseite Privat- und Geschäftskunden - Commerzbank".
  8. Elvis Presley (1935–1977): Funeral in Memphis.
  9. UPI. 'Four years of built $120 Million hospital of faith'. New York Times Oct 20, 1981, retrieved October 23, 2013
  10. "TCP/IP", LivingInternet, 2008, webpage: LivingI-tcpip.
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