Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

January

  • January – The Cray-1, the first commercially developed supercomputer, is released by Seymour Cray's Cray Research.
  • January 5 – The Pol Pot regime proclaims a new constitution for Democratic Kampuchea.
  • January 11 – The 1976 Philadelphia Flyers–Red Army game results in a 4–1 victory for the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers over HC CSKA Moscow of the Soviet Union.
  • January 15 – Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison.
  • January 16 – The trial against jailed members of the Red Army Faction begins in Stuttgart, West Germany.
  • January 18
    • Full diplomatic relations are established between Bangladesh and Pakistan 5 years after the Bangladesh Liberation War.
    • The Scottish Labour Party is formed.
    • Super Bowl X: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Dallas Cowboys, 21–17, in Miami.
  • January 19Jimmy Carter wins the Iowa Democratic Caucus.
  • January 21 – The first commercial Concorde flight takes off.
  • January 27
    • The United States vetoes a United Nations resolution that calls for an independent Palestinian state.
    • The First Battle of Amgala breaks out between Morocco and Algeria in the Spanish Sahara.
  • January 29 – Twelve Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in the West End of London.
  • January 30Live from Lincoln Center debuts on PBS.

February

File:1976 Winter Olympics logo.png

1976 Winter Olympics

  • February 4
  • February 5 – Nearly 2,000 students become involved in a racially charged riot at Escambia High School in Pensacola, Florida; 30 students are injured in the 4-hour fray.
  • February 9 – The Australian Defence Force is formed by unification of the Australian Army, the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force.
  • February 11Clifford Alexander, Jr. is confirmed as the first African American Secretary of the United States Army.
  • February 13 – General Murtala Mohammed of Nigeria is assassinated in a military coup.
  • February 15 – The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by national referendum.
  • February 24Cuba's current constitution is enacted.
  • February 26 – The Spanish Armed Forces withdraw from Western Sahara.
  • February 27 – The Polisario Front, Western Sahara's national liberation movement, declares independence of the territory under the name "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic".
  • February 28Madagascar becomes the first country to recognise the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

March

  • March 1
    • U.K. Home Secretary Merlyn Rees ends Special Category Status for those sentenced for scheduled terrorist crimes relating to the civil violence in Northern Ireland.
    • Burundi recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 2Vietnam recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 4
    • The Maguire Seven are found guilty of possessing explosives and subsequently jailed for 14 years.
    • The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention is formally dissolved in Northern Ireland, resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British Parliament.
  • March 6Algeria recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 9A cable car disaster in Cavalese, Italy leaves 42 dead.
  • March 9March 11 – Two coal mine explosions claim 26 lives at the Blue Diamond Coal Co. Scotia Mine, in Letcher County, Kentucky.
  • March 11Angola and Benin recognize the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 13Mozambique recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 14 – After eight years on NBC, The Wizard of Oz returns to CBS, where it will remain until 1999, setting what was likely then a record for the most telecasts of a Hollywood film on a commercial television network. That record is broken by The Ten Commandments in 1996, which began its annual network telecasts on ABC in 1973 and is still (as of 2016) telecast by that network.
  • March 15Guinea-Bissau recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 16
    • Harold Wilson resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
    • North Korea recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 17
    • Rubin "Hurricane" Carter is retried in New Jersey.
    • Togo recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • March 20Patty Hearst is found guilty of armed robbery of a San Francisco bank.
  • March 24
    • Argentina military forces depose president Isabel Perón.
    • A general strike takes place in the People's Republic of the Congo.
  • March 26 – The Toronto Blue Jays are created.
  • March 27 – The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system open.
  • March 29 – The military dictatorship of General Jorge Videla comes to power in Argentina.
  • March 31 – The New Jersey Supreme Court rules that patient in a persistent vegetative state in the Karen Ann Quinlan case can be disconnected from her ventilator. She remains comatose and dies in 1985.

April

  • April 1
    • Apple Computer Company is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
    • Conrail (Consolidated Rails Corporation) is formed by the U.S. government, to take control of 13 major Northeast Class-1 railroads that had filed for bankruptcy protection. Conrail takes control at midnight, as a government-owned and operated railroad until 1986, when it is sold to the public.
    • The Jovian–Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by astronomer Patrick Moore.
    • Rwanda recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
  • April 2Norodom Sihanouk is forced to resign as Head of State of Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot and is placed under house arrest.
  • April 3 – The Eurovision Song Contest 1976 is won by Brotherhood of Man, representing the United Kingdom, with their song "Save Your Kisses for Me".
  • April 5
    • James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
    • Tiananmen Incident: Large crowds lay wreaths at Beijing's Monument of the Martyrs to commemorate the death of Premier Zhou Enlai. Poems against the Gang of Four are also displayed, provoking a police crackdown.
    • Segovia prison break: in Spain's largest prison break since the Spanish civil war, 29 political prisoners escape from Segovia prison.
  • April 10Frampton Comes Alive!, the multi-platinum selling live album by English rock musician Peter Frampton hits #1 in the Billboard 200 and remains there for 10 weeks, becoming the best-selling album of the year.
  • April 13
    • The Lapua Cartridge Factory explosion in Lapua, Finland kills 40.
    • The United States Treasury Department reintroduces the two-dollar bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.
  • April 16 – As a measure to curb population growth, the minimum age for marriage in India is raised to 21 years for men and 18 years for women.

April 20

  • April 21 – The Great Bookie Robbery in Melbourne: Bandits steal A$1.4 million in bookmakers' settlements from Queen Street, Melbourne.
  • April 23
  • April 25 – Portugal's new constitution is enacted.
  • April 29Sino-Soviet split: A concealed bomb explodes at the gates of the Soviet embassy in China, killing four Chinese.[1] The targets were embassy employees, returning from lunch, but on that day they returned to the embassy earlier.[1]

May

  • May 1Neville Wran becomes Premier of New South Wales.
  • May 4
    • The first LAGEOS (Laser Geodynamics Satellite) is launched.
    • A train crash in Schiedam, the Netherlands, kills 24 people.
  • May 6 – An earthquake hits the Friuli area in Italy, killing more than 900 people and making another 100,000 homeless.
  • May 9Ulrike Meinhof of the Red Army Faction is found hanged in an apparent suicide, in her Stuttgart-Stammheim prison cell.
  • May 11
    • U.S. President Gerald Ford signs the Federal Election Campaign Act.
    • An accident involving a tanker truck carrying anhydrous ammonia takes place in Houston, Texas, resulting in the deaths of 7 people.[2][3]
  • May 21 – The Yuba City bus disaster, the worst bus crash in U.S. history to date, with 28 students and one teacher killed.
  • May 24 – Washington, D.C. Concorde service begins.
  • May 25 – U.S. President Gerald Ford defeats challenger Ronald Reagan in 3 Republican presidential primaries: Kentucky, Tennessee and Oregon.
  • May 30Indianapolis 500-Mile Race: Johnny Rutherford wins the (rain-shortened) shortest race in event history to date, at 102 laps or 255 miles (408 km).
  • May 31 – Syria intervenes in the Lebanese Civil War in opposition to the Palestine Liberation Organization, whom it had previously supported.

June

  • June 1 – The UK and Iceland end the Cod War.
  • June 2
    • A car bomb fatally injures Arizona Republic reporter Don Bolles.
    • The Philippine government opens relations with the Soviet Union.
  • June 4
    • The Boston Celtics defeat the Phoenix Suns 128–126 in triple overtime in Game 5 of the NBA Finals at the Boston Garden. In 1997, the game is selected by a panel of experts as the greatest of the NBA's first 50 years.
    • English punk rock group The Sex Pistols perform the first of two concerts to an audience of 35-40 people at the 150-capacity Manchester Lesser Free Trade Hall. Audience members go on to form the groups Joy Division, New Order, The Smiths, Simply Red, The Fall, Buzzcocks, and Magazine (band), and the record label Factory Records.[4]
  • June 5 – The Teton Dam collapses in southeast Idaho in the U.S., killing 11 people.
  • June 6 – The Double Six Crash, a plane crash in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, kills everyone on board, including Sabahan Chief Minister Tun Fuad Stephens.
  • June 12Alberto Demicheli, a jurist, is inaugurated as a civilian de facto President of Uruguay after Juan María Bordaberry is deposed by the military.
  • June 13 – Savage thunderstorms roll through the state of Iowa, spawning several tornadoes, including an F-5 tornado that destroys the town of Jordan, Iowa.
  • June 14 – The trial begins at Oxford Crown Court of Donald Neilson, the killer known as the Black Panther.
  • June 16 – The Soweto uprising in South Africa begins.
  • June 17 – The National Basketball Association and the American Basketball Association agree on the ABA–NBA merger.
  • June 20
    • Hundreds of Western tourists are moved from Beirut and taken to safety in Syria by the U.S. military, following the murder of the U.S. ambassador.
    • General elections are held in Italy.
    • Czechoslovakia beats West Germany 5–3 on penalties to win Euro 76, when the game had ended 2–2 after extra time.
  • June 25 – Strikes start in Poland (Ursus, Radom, Płock) after communists raise food prices; they end on June 30.
  • June 26 – The CN Tower is built in Toronto; the tallest free-standing land structure opens to the public.
  • June 27
    • G-6 is renamed "Group of 7" (G-7).
    • Palestinian militants hijack an Air France plane in Greece with 246 passengers and 12 crew. They take it to Entebbe, Uganda.
  • June 29
    • Seychelles gains independence from the United Kingdom.
    • The Conference of Communist and Workers Parties of Europe convenes in East Berlin.

July

File:Amerigo vespucci 1976 nyc aufgetakelt.jpg

Italian tall ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor during the United States Bicentennial celebration.

File:1976 Summer Olympics logo.svg

1976 Summer Olympics

  • July 2North Vietnam dissolves the Provisional Government of South Vietnam and unites the two countries to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • July 3Gregg v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual and is a constitutionally acceptable form of punishment overturning the Furman v. Georgia case of 1972.
  • July 3 – The great heat wave in the United Kingdom, which is currently suffering from drought conditions, reaches its peak.
  • July 4
    • United States Bicentennial: From coast to coast, the United States celebrates the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.
    • Entebbe Raid: Israeli airborne commandos free 103 hostages being held by Palestinian hijackers of an Air France plane at Uganda's Entebbe Airport; Yonatan Netanyahu and several Ugandan soldiers are killed in the raid.
  • July 6 – The first class of women is inducted at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • July 7
    • German left-wing terrorists Monika Berberich, Gabriella Rollnick, Juliane Plambeck and Inge Viett escape from the Lehrter Straße maximum security prison in West Berlin.
    • David Steel becomes leader of the UK's Liberal Party in the aftermath of the scandal which forced out Jeremy Thorpe.
  • July 10
    • Four mercenaries, three British and one American, are shot by firing squad in Angola.
    • An explosion in Seveso, Italy, causes extended pollution to a large area in the neighborhood of Milano, with many evacuations and a large number of people affected by the toxic cloud.
  • July 12
    • Barbara Jordan is the first African-American to keynote a political convention.
    • Family Feud debuts on Television
    • California State University, Fullerton massacre: 7 people are shot and killed, and 2 others are wounded in a mass shooting on campus at California State University, Fullerton.
  • July 15Jimmy Carter is nominated for U.S. President at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
  • July 16July 20Albert Spaggiari and his gang break into the vault of the Societe Generale Bank in Nice, France.
  • July 17
  • July 18Nadia Comăneci earns the first of 7 perfect scores of 10 at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • July 19Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • July 20Viking program: The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.
  • July 21 – A bomb kills Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Irish Republic.
  • July 26 – In Los Angeles, Ronald Reagan announces his choice of liberal U.S. Senator Richard Schweiker as his vice presidential running mate, in an effort to woo moderate Republican delegates away from President Gerald Ford.
  • July 27
    • The United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with its former colony Uganda in response to the hijacking of Air France Flight 139.
    • Delegates attending an American Legion convention at The Bellevue-Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia, US, begin falling ill with a form of pneumonia: this will eventually be recognised as the first outbreak of Legionnaires' disease and will end in the deaths of 29 attendees.
  • July 28 – The Tangshan earthquake flattens Tangshan, China, killing 242,769 people, and injuring 164,851.
  • July 29 – In New York City, the "Son of Sam" pulls a gun from a paper bag, killing 1 and seriously wounding another, in the first of a series of attacks that terrorize the city for the next year.
  • July 30 – In Santiago, Chile, Cruzeiro from Brazil beats River Plate from Argentina and are the Copa Libertadores de América champions.
  • July 31
    • NASA releases the famous Face on Mars photo, taken by Viking 1.
    • The Big Thompson River in northern Colorado floods, destroying more than 400 cars and houses and killing 143 people.

August

  • August 1
    • Trinidad and Tobago becomes a republic, replacing Elizabeth II with President Ellis Clarke as its head of state.
    • The Seattle Seahawks play their first football game.
    • Racing Champion Niki Lauda suffers serious burns in the German Grand Prix.
  • August 2 – A gunman murders Andrea Wilborn and Stan Farr and injures Priscilla Davis and Gus Gavrel, in an incident at Priscilla's mansion in Fort Worth, Texas. T. Cullen Davis, Priscilla's husband and one of the richest men in Texas, is tried and found innocent for Andrea's murder, involvement in a plot to kill several people (including Priscilla and a judge), and a wrongful death lawsuit. Cullen goes broke afterwards.
  • August 5 – The Great Clock of Westminster (or Big Ben) suffers internal damage and stops running for over 9 months.
  • August 6 – Former UK Postmaster General John Stonehouse is sentenced to 7 years' jail for fraud, theft and forgery.
  • August 7Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.
  • August 8 – As part of the American Basketball Association–National Basketball Association merger, a dispersal draft was conducted to assign teams for the players on the two ABA franchises which had folded.
  • August 11 – A sniper rampage in Wichita, Kansas on a Holiday Inn results in 3 deaths while 7 others are wounded.[5]
  • August 14
    • Ten thousand Protestant and Catholic women demonstrate for peace in Northern Ireland.
    • The Senegalese political party PAI-Rénovation is legally recognized, becoming the third legal party in the country.
  • August 16 – The Ramones make their first "professional" performance at CBGB.
  • August 18 – At Panmunjom, North Korea, two United States soldiers are killed while trying to chop down part of a tree in the Korean Demilitarized Zone which had obscured their view.
  • August 19 – U.S. President Gerald Ford edges out challenger Ronald Reagan to win the Republican Party presidential nomination in Kansas City.
  • August 24 – In Uruguay, the army captures Marcelo Gelman and his pregnant wife. Marcelo is later killed and his wife (and unborn child) disappear.
  • August 25
    • Jacques Chirac resigns as Prime Minister of France; he is succeeded by Raymond Barre.
    • Landslide disaster in Sau Mau Ping, Hong Kong.
  • August 26
    • The first known outbreak of Ebola virus occurs in Yambuku, Zaire.
    • Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, husband of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, resigns from various posts over a scandal involving alleged corruption, in connection with business dealings with the Lockheed Corporation.
  • August 30James Alexander George Smith "Jags" McCartney is sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands.

September

  • September 1
    • Cigarette and tobacco advertising is banned on Australian television and radio.
    • Aparicio Méndez, a jurist, is inaugurated as a civilian de facto President of Uruguay in the framework of a dictatorship.
    • The state of emergency, being in force since 1939, is lifted in the Republic of Ireland.
  • September 3Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars, taking the first close-up color photos of the planet's surface.
  • September 6
    • Cold War: Soviet Air Force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate, on the island of Hokkaidō in Japan, and requests political asylum in the United States.
    • Frank Sinatra brings Jerry Lewis's former partner Dean Martin onstage, unannounced, at the 1976 Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in Las Vegas, reuniting the comedy team for the first (and only) time in over 20 years.
  • September 9Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, dies of a heart attack.
  • September 10
    • Zagreb mid-air collision: A British Airways Trident and a Yugoslav DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia (present-day Zagreb, Croatia), killing all 176 aboard.
    • Osamu Tezuka begins serialising MW, a manga inspired by the 1974 Kakuei Tanaka government scandal.
  • September 13The Muppet Show is broadcast for the first time on ITV.
  • September 15Darryl Sittler scores the winning goal in the 1976 Canada Cup for Canada to win over Czechoslovakia in overtime, to win the first Canada Cup, which stayed in Canada.
  • September 16
    • Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from a trolleybus that had fallen into a Yerevan reservoir.
    • Beginning with the Night of the Pencils, a series of kidnappings and forced disappearances followed by torture, rape, and murder of students under the Argentine dictatorship takes place.
  • September 17 – The space shuttle Enterprise is rolled out of a Palmdale, California hangar.
  • September 20 – The International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik) is founded.
  • September 20September 21 – The semi-legendary 100 Club Punk Festival ignites the careers of several influential punk and post-punk bands, arguably sparking the punk movement's introduction into mainstream culture.
  • September 21
    • The Seychelles join the United Nations.
    • Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. by agents of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.
  • September 24Patty Hearst is sentenced to 7 years in prison for her role in a 1974 bank robbery (an executive clemency order from U.S. President Jimmy Carter will set her free after only 22 months).
  • September 25 – The Irish rock band U2 is formed after drummer Larry Mullen, Jr. posts a note seeking members for a band on the notice board of his Dublin school.
  • September 28 – American singer Stevie Wonder releases his hit album Songs in the Key of Life.

October

File:British Rail Class 43 at Chesterfield.jpg

October 4: The InterCity 125 high-speed train is introduced in the UK; services begin two days later.

  • October 4 – The brand new InterCity 125 high-speed train is introduced in the United Kingdom.
  • October 6
    • Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 crashes due to a bomb placed by anti-Fidel Castro terrorists, after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados; all 73 people on board are killed.[6]
    • Students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand are massacred, while protesting the return of ex-dictator Thanom Kittikachorn by a coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces, triggering the return of the military to government.
    • In San Francisco, during his second televised debate with Jimmy Carter, U.S. President Gerald Ford stumbles when he declares that "there is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe" (there is at the time).
    • The Cultural Revolution in China concludes upon the capture of the Gang of Four.
  • October 8Thorbjörn Fälldin replaces Olof Palme as Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • October 10 – Taiwan Governor Hsieh Tung-min is injured by a letter bomb from a pro-independence activist.
  • October 12 – The People's Republic of China announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor to Mao Zedong, as Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
  • October 13 – The United States Commission on Civil Rights releases the report, Puerto Ricans in the Continental United States: An Uncertain Future, that documents that Puerto Ricans in the United States have a poverty rate of 33 percent in 1974 (up from 29 percent in 1970), the highest of all major racial-ethnic groups in the country (not including Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory).
  • October 18Ford officially launches volume production of the Fiesta car at its Valencia plant.
  • October 19
    • The Copyright Act of 1976 extends copyright duration for an additional 19 years in the United States.
    • The Battle of Aishiya is fought in Lebanon.
    • The Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the list of endangered species.
  • October 20 – The Mississippi River ferry MV George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing from Destrehan, Louisiana to Luling, Louisiana, killing 78 passengers and crew.
  • October 22Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, the 5th President of Ireland, resigns after being publicly insulted by the Minister for Defense.
  • October 25 – Clarence Norris, the last known survivor of the Scottsboro Boys, is pardoned.

November

  • November 2U.S. presidential election, 1976: Jimmy Carter defeats incumbent Gerald Ford, becoming the first candidate from the Deep South to win since the Civil War.
  • November 15 – The first megamouth shark is discovered off Oahu in Hawaii.
  • November 19Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.
  • November 241976 Çaldıran–Muradiye earthquake: At least 3,840 are killed in a Richter scale magnitude 7.3 earthquake at Van and Muradiye in eastern Turkey.
  • November 25 – In San Francisco, The Band holds its farewell concert, The Last Waltz.
  • November 26
    • Microsoft is officially registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico.
    • The Warsaw Treaty Organization joint secretariat is established.

December

  • December 1
    • Angola joins the United Nations.
    • José López Portillo takes office as President of Mexico.
    • The Sex Pistols achieve public notoriety, as they unleash several 4-letter words live on Bill Grundy's early evening TV show.
    • Sir Douglas Nicholls is appointed the 28th Governor of South Australia, the first Australian Aboriginal appointed to vice-regal office.
  • December 3
    • Bob Marley and his manager Don Taylor are shot in an assassination attempt in Kingston, Jamaica.
    • Patrick Hillery is elected unopposed as the 6th President of Ireland.
  • December 6 – The Viet Cong is disbanded, and its former members become a part of the Vietnam People's Army.
  • December 8
    • The Congressional Hispanic Caucus is established by the 5 Latinos in the United States Congress: Herman Badillo of the Bronx, E. de la Garza and Henry B. Gonzalez of Texas, Edward R. Roybal of California, and the nonvoting Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, Baltasar Corrada del Río.
    • Hotel California by the Eagles is released.
  • December 10
    • The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
    • The 9th Congress of the Sammarinese Communist Party convenes.
    • Stijn Tormans was born.
  • December 15
    • Samoa joins the United Nations.
    • Denis Healey announces to the British Parliament that he has successfully negotiated a £2.3bn loan from the International Monetary Fund.
  • December 20Richard J. Daley, Mayor of Chicago for 21 years, dies.
  • December 23 – A new volcano, Murara, erupts in eastern Zaire.
  • December 28 – Legendary guitarist Freddie King dies.

Date unknown

  • In late March 1976, the first truly complete recording of the opera Porgy and Bess is released in a 3-LP set, by Decca Records in England and by London Records in the U.S. It stars Willard White and Leona Mitchell. The orchestra is the Cleveland Orchestra conducted by Lorin Maazel.
  • Random breath testing is introduced in Victoria (Australia).
  • The first laser printer is introduced by IBM (the IBM 3800).
  • California's sodomy law is repealed.
  • The term memetics is first proposed by Richard Dawkins in his book The Selfish Gene.
  • Diffie–Hellman key exchange cryptography is proposed.
  • Plans to move the Nigerian capital from Lagos to Abuja are approved.
  • The New Jersey Legislature passes legislation legalizing casinos in the shore town of Atlantic City commencing in 1978. After signing the bill into law, Governor Brendan Byrne declares "The mob is not welcome in New Jersey!" referring to the Mafia's influence at casinos in Nevada.
  • The Early Academic Outreach Program (EAOP) is established by the University of California (UC) in response to the State Legislature's recommendation to expand post-secondary opportunities to all of California’s students including those who are first-generation, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and English-language learners.[7]
  • Marc Brown's Arthur's Nose is published

Births

January

File:Phil Radford.jpg

Phil Radford

File:Paz Vega 3.jpg

Paz Vega

File:Johnny Yong Bosch.jpg

Johnny Yong Bosch

File:Emma bunton at Britain Pride 2011.jpg

Emma Bunton

  • January 2
    • Cletidus Hunt, American football player
    • Mahée Paiement, Canadian actress
    • Phil Radford, American environmental, clean energy and democracy leader, Greenpeace Executive Director
    • Paz Vega, Spanish actress
  • January 4Shiro Amano, Japanese manga artist/writer
  • January 5Shintarō Asanuma, Japanese voice actor
  • January 6
    • Johnny Yong Bosch, American actor
    • Judith Rakers, German journalist and television presenter
  • January 7
    • Éric Gagné, Canadian baseball player
    • Alfonso Soriano, Dominican baseball player
  • January 8
    • Jenny Lewis, American actress and singer (Rilo Kiley)
    • Josh Meyers, American actor and comedian, brother of Seth Meyers
  • January 10Adam Kennedy, American baseball player
  • January 13
    • Ross McCall, Scottish actor
    • Michael Peña, American actor
    • Bic Runga, New Zealand singer/songwriter
    • Mario Yepes, Colombian football player
  • January 19Marsha Thomason, English actress
  • January 20
    • Kirsty Gallacher, Scottish TV presenter
    • Gretha Smit, Dutch speed skater
    • Anastasia Volochkova, Russian prima ballerina
    • Michael Myers, former NFL defensive tackle
  • January 21Emma Bunton, English musician (Spice Girls)
  • January 22
    • James Dearth, American football player
    • Mikko Luoma, Finnish ice-hockey player
    • TJ Trinidad, Filipino actor
  • January 23
    • Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress and singer
    • Nigel McGuinness, English professional wrestler
  • January 27Clint Ford, American actor and writer
  • January 28
    • Lee Ingleby, British Voice Artist
    • Mark Madsen, American basketball player
  • January 30Andy Milonakis, American Internet and MTV star
  • January 31
    • Buddy Rice, American race car driver
    • Paul Scheer, American actor and comedian

February

File:Isla Fisher 2013.jpg

Isla Fisher

File:Tony Jaa 2005.jpg

Tony Jaa

File:Kim Z.jpg

Kim Zmeskal

File:Rashida Jones.jpg

Rashida Jones

  • February 1Muteba Kidiaba, Congolese football goalkeeper
  • February 2
    • Carlos Coste, Venezuelan free-diver
    • Lori Beth Denberg, American comedian
    • James Hickman, British swimmer
  • February 3
    • Isla Fisher, Oman-born British-Australian actress
    • Tijana, Macedonian singer
  • February 4Cam'ron, African-American rapper
  • February 5
    • Abhishek Bachchan, Indian actor
    • Tony Jaa, Thai martial art film actor/choreographer/director
    • Brian Moorman, American football player
  • February 6Kim Zmeskal, American Olympic gymnast
  • February 9Charlie Day, American actor
  • February 10Lance Berkman, American baseball player
  • February 11Brice Beckham, American actor
  • February 12 - Silvia Saint, Czech actress
  • February 14Erica Leerhsen, American actress
  • February 15Brandon Boyd, American rock musician (Incubus)
  • February 16Kyo, Japanese rock musician (Dir En Grey)
  • February 17Svein Berge, Norwegian musician (Röyksopp)
  • February 20
    • Johanna Beisteiner, Austrian guitarist
    • Chris Cillizza, American journalist
    • Gail Kim, Canadian professional wrestler
  • February 21Michael McIntyre, British stand-up comedian
  • February 23Jeff O'Neill, Canadian hockey player
  • February 24Zach Johnson, American golfer
  • February 25Rashida Jones, American actress, writer, model, and musician
  • February 27Yukari Tamura, Japanese voice actress and songwriter
  • February 28
    • Ali Larter, American actress and model
    • Guillaume Lemay-Thivierge, Canadian actor
  • February 29
    • Ja Rule, African-American rapper
    • Mark Pollock, Irish Blind Adventurer and Challenger

March

File:Kim Jung-eun (South Korean actress, born 1976) by KIYOUNG KIM.jpg

Kim Jung-Eun

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Corey Stoll

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Haifa Wehbe

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Danny Masterson

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Chester Bennington

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Reese Witherspoon

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Peyton Manning

  • March 1Luke Mably, British actor
  • March 3Fraser Gehrig, Australian rules footballer
  • March 4
    • Robbie Blake, English footballer
    • Hiram Bocachica, Puerto Rican baseball player
    • Sean Covel, American film producer
    • Tommy Jönsson, Swedish football player
    • Kim Jung-eun, South Korean actress
    • Regi Penxten, Belgian DJ and record producer
    • Thierry Renaer, Belgian field hockey player
  • March 5Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • March 6Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler (Mr. Anderson)
  • March 8
    • Sergej Ćetković, Montenegrin singer
    • Gaz Coombes, English musician and singer-songwriter (Supergrass)
    • Freddie Prinze, Jr., American actor
  • March 9Yamila Diaz-Rahi, Argentinean model
  • March 10
    • Miroslav Kostadinov, Bulgarian singer and songwriter
    • Haifa Wehbe, Lebanese model, actress and singer
  • March 12Zhao Wei, Chinese singer and actress
  • March 13Danny Masterson, American actor
  • March 14
    • Merlin Santana, American actor (d. 2002)
    • Corey Stoll, American actor
  • March 16
    • Blu Cantrell, American R&B singer
    • Pál Dárdai, Hungarian football player and manager
    • Kim Johnsson, Swedish hockey player
    • Zhu Chen, Chinese chess grandmaster
  • March 17
    • Stephen Gately, Irish singer (Boyzone) (d. 2009)
    • Álvaro Recoba, Uruguayan footballer
  • March 19
    • Rachel Blanchard, Canadian actress
    • Andre Miller, American basketball player
    • Alessandro Nesta, Italian football player
  • March 20Chester Bennington, American singer (Linkin Park)
  • March 21
    • Rachael MacFarlane, voice actress and singer, sister of Seth MacFarlane
    • Dariush Ramezani, Iranian cartoonist
  • March 22
    • Teun de Nooijer, Dutch field hockey player
    • Wayne Turner, American basketball player
    • Reese Witherspoon, American actress
  • March 23
    • Sir Chris Hoy, Scottish cyclist
    • Keri Russell, American actress
  • March 24
    • Aaron Brooks, American football player
    • Peyton Manning, former American football player (1998-2016)
  • March 25Wladimir Klitschko, Ukrainian world heavyweight boxing champion
  • March 26
    • Blaise Alexander, American automobile racing driver (d. 2001)
    • Amy Smart, American actress
  • March 27Carl Ng, Hong Kong/British actor and model
  • March 29
    • Daisuke Namikawa, Japanese voice actor
    • Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player
  • March 30
    • Jessica Cauffiel, American actress and singer
    • Ty Conklin, American ice-hockey player
    • Ayako Kawasumi, Japanese voice actress
  • March 31Vice Ganda, Filipino actor and singer

April

File:Shu Qi Cannes 2015.jpg

Shu Qi

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Melissa Joan Hart

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Joey Lawrence

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Tim Duncan

  • April 1David Oyelowo, English actor
  • April 2
    • Lucy Diakovska, German-Bulgarian pop singer
    • Rory Sabbatini, South African golfer
  • April 3Will Mellor, English actor
  • April 4James Roday, American actor, director and screenwriter
  • April 5Henrik Stenson, Swedish golfer
  • April 6Candace Cameron, American actress
  • April 9Kris Radlinski, English rugby league player
  • April 10Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (d. 2006)
  • April 12Andrei Lipanov, Russian ice skater
  • April 13Yoo Ji-tae, South Korean actor
  • April 13
    • Glenn Howerton, American actor
    • Jonathan Brandis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • April 14Anna DeForge, American basketball player
  • April 15
    • Jason Bonsignore, Canadian ice-hockey player
    • Brock Huard, former American football player
    • Steve Williams, British rower
  • April 16Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • April 17Kim Young-oh, South Korean illustrator
  • April 18
    • Melissa Joan Hart, American actress
    • Sean Maguire, British actor and singer
  • April 20
    • Joey Lawrence, American actor
    • Shay Given, Irish football goalkeeper
  • April 21Rommel Adducul, Filipino basketball player
  • April 22Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
  • April 23Darren Huckerby, English footballer
  • April 25
    • Tim Duncan, American basketball player
    • Rainer Schüttler, German tennis player
    • Kim Jong-kook, South Korean singer, TV personality
  • April 29
    • Jay Orpin, Swedish composer and record producer
    • Shiho Kawaragi, Japanese voice actress

May

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Michele Frangilli

File:Jeff Halpern Coyotes.jpg

Jeff Halpern

File:Colin Farrell Cannes 2015.jpg

Colin Farrell

  • May 1Michele Frangilli, Italian archer
  • May 3
    • Beto, Portuguese footballer
    • Jeff Halpern, American ice hockey player
  • May 4Jason Michaels, American baseball player
  • May 7
    • Michael P. Murphy, U.S. Navy SEAL, First recipient of the Medal of Honor in the Afghanistan War
    • Mariana van Zeller, Portuguese journalist and National Geographic correspondent
  • May 8
    • Martha Wainwright, Canadian-American folk-pop singer
    • Ian Watkins, Welsh singer (Steps) and actor
  • May 10Udo Mechels, Belgian singer
  • May 14Martine McCutcheon, British actress and singer
  • May 15
    • Tyler Walker, American baseball player
    • Jacek Krzynówek, Polish footballer
    • Ryan Leaf, American former football quarterback
  • May 17Daniel Komen, Kenyan athlete
  • May 19Kevin Garnett, American basketball player
  • May 20Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • May 22
    • Chris Brazzell, Canadian and American Football player
    • Daniel Erlandsson, Swedish drummer
  • May 25
    • Stefan Holm, Swedish high jumper
    • Miguel Tejada, Dominican baseball player
    • Cillian Murphy, Irish actor
    • J. Michael Tatum, American voice actor
    • Erinn Hayes, American actress
  • May 26Paul Collingwood, English cricketer
  • May 28
    • Alexei Nemov, Russian gymnast
    • Liam O'Brien, American actor
  • May 31
    • Colin Farrell, Irish actor
    • Roar Ljøkelsøy, Norwegian ski jumper

June

File:Davenport Lindsay.jpg

Lindsay Davenport

File:BlakeSheltonApr10.jpg

Blake Shelton

  • June 1Angela Perez Baraquio, Miss America 2001
  • June 2
    • Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Brazilian mixed martial artist
    • Tim Rice-Oxley, English rock musician/composer (Keane)
    • Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso of Lesotho
  • June 3Jamie McMurray, American race car driver
  • June 5Ian Bavitz (Aesop Rock), American hip-hop artist
  • June 6
    • Emilie-Claire Barlow, Canadian actress and singer
    • Geoff Rowley, English skateboarder
  • June 8Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player
  • June 9Ameesha Patel, Indian actress
  • June 10
    • Freddy García, Venezuelan baseball player
    • Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
    • Mariana Seoane, Mexican actress
  • June 11Gran Naniwa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • June 13
    • Kym Marsh, British singer (Hear'Say) and actress
    • Jason "J" Brown, British singer (5ive)
  • June 14Alan Carr, English comedian
  • June 17Peter Svidler, Russian chess grandmaster
  • June 18Blake Shelton, American singer
  • June 20Juliano Haus Belletti, Brazilian footballer
  • June 21Antonio Cochran, American football player
  • June 23
    • Brandon Stokley, American football player
    • Emmanuelle Vaugier, Canadian actress
    • Patrick Vieira, French footballer
  • June 26Chad Pennington, American football quarterback

July

File:Berenice Bejo Cannes 2011.jpg

Bérénice Bejo

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Fred Savage

File:Adrian Grenier by David Shankbone cropped.jpg

Adrien Grenier

File:Benedict Cumberbatch by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Benedict Cumberbatch

  • July 1
    • Justin Lo, Hong Kong singer and actor
    • Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer
    • Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer
    • Lina Rafn, Danish singer
    • Kellie Bright, English actress
  • July 2
    • Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
    • Tommy Pistol, American adult film actor and director
  • July 3
    • Shane Lynch, Irish singer (Boyzone)
    • Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
    • Andrea Barber, American actress
  • July 4Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • July 5Nuno Gomes, Portuguese footballer
  • July 5Rufus Johnson, American rapper also known as Bizarre
  • July 7Bérénice Bejo, Argentine actress
  • July 8Ellen MacArthur, English yachtswoman
  • July 9
    • Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
    • Mickey He, Chinese actor and singer
    • Fred Savage, American actor and director
  • July 10
    • Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
    • Adrian Grenier, American actor, musician, and director
  • July 11Eduardo Nájera, Mexican basketball player
  • July 12Anna Friel, English actress
  • July 13Lisa Riley, British actress and presenter
  • July 15Diane Kruger, German actress
  • July 16
    • Anna Smashnova, Israeli tennis player
    • Bobby Lashley, American professional wrestler
  • July 17
    • Luke Bryan, American country music singer-songwriter
    • Marcos Senna, Brazilian footballer
  • July 19
    • Benedict Cumberbatch, English actor
    • Eric Prydz, Swedish DJ and producer
  • July 20Alex Yoong, Malaysian race car driver
  • July 23Judit Polgár, Hungarian chess player
  • July 25
    • Mauricio Aspe, Mexican actor
    • Timur Mutsurayev, Chechen bard
    • Stéphane Rideau, French actor
    • Tera Patrick, American pornographic actress and model
  • July 26Martha Roby, American U.S. Representative for Alabama's 2nd congressional district
  • July 27Susanne Georgi, Danish singer who lives and works in Andorra
  • July 28
    • Jacoby Shaddix, American singer
    • Anne-Élisabeth Blateau, French actress
  • July 31
    • Annie Parisse, American actress
    • Mela Lee, American singer and voice actress

August

File:Sam Worthington 4, 2013.jpg

Sam Worthington

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  • August 1
    • Don Hertzfeldt, American animator
    • Nwankwo Kanu, Nigerian Football player
    • Amar Upadhyay, Indian television actor and model
  • August 2Sam Worthington, English-born Australian actor
  • August 3Troy Glaus, American baseball player
  • August 6
    • Soleil Moon Frye, American actress
    • Melissa George, Australian actress
  • August 8
    • Drew Lachey, American singer (98 Degrees)
    • JC Chasez, American singer ('N Sync)
  • August 9
    • Aled Haydn Jones, Welsh radio producer and presenter
    • Mark Priestley, Australian actor (d. 2008)
    • Audrey Tautou, French actress
  • August 11Will Friedle, American actor and comedian
  • August 12
    • Mikko Lindström, Finnish rock guitarist
    • Antoine Walker, American basketball player
    • Wednesday 13, American rock musician
  • August 14
    • Alex Albrecht, American television personality
    • Maya Nasri, Lebanese actress and singer
  • August 15Boudewijn Zenden, Dutch football player
  • August 18
    • Bryan Volpenhein, American rower
    • Lee Seung-yeop, South Korean baseball player
  • August 19Michael M. Wartella, American underground cartoonist
  • August 24Yang Yang, Chinese short track skater
  • August 27
    • Carlos Moyá, Spanish tennis player
    • Mark Webber, Australian race car driver
    • Sarah Chalke, Canadian actress
  • August 30
    • Lillo Brancato, Jr., American actor
    • Cristian Gonzáles, Uruguayan-born Indonesian footballer

September

File:NaomieHarris10TIFF.jpg

Naomie Harris

File:Ronaldo-14-05-2013.jpg

Ronaldo

File:Chiara1.JPG

Chiara Siracusa

  • September 1
    • Marcos Ambrose, Australian race car driver
    • Ivano Brugnetti, Italian race walker
  • September 3
    • Jevon Kearse, American football player
    • Vivek Oberoi, Indian actor
  • September 4Brian Myrow, American baseball player
  • September 5Carice van Houten, Dutch actress
  • September 6Naomie Harris, British actress
  • September 7Stevie Case, American video game celebrity
  • September 8Sjeng Schalken, Dutch tennis player
  • September 9
    • Mick Blue, Austrian pornographic actor and director
    • Lúcia Moniz, Portuguese singer and actess
  • September 10Gustavo Kuerten, Brazilian tennis player
  • September 12Maciej Żurawski, Polish footballer
  • September 13Puma Swede, Swedish pornographic actress
  • September 16Tina Barrett, English singer (S Club 7)
  • September 17Kristian Kiehling, German-Latvian actor
  • September 19
    • Isha Koppikar, Indian actress
    • Alison Sweeney, American actress
  • September 20
    • Jon Bernthal, American actor
    • Yui Horie, Japanese voice actress
    • Enuka Okuma, Canadian actress
  • September 22Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • September 23Rob James-Collier, British actor and model
  • September 24Stephanie McMahon-Levesque, American wrestling promoter
  • September 25
    • Chauncey Billups, American basketball player
    • Chiara Siracusa, Maltese singer, Eurovision Song Contest 2005 runner-up
  • September 26
    • Michael Ballack, German footballer
    • Olivia O'Lovely, American porn actress
  • September 27Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
  • September 28Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial arts fighter
  • September 29Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian footballer

October

File:NickSwardsonCCJul2011.jpg

Nick Swardson

File:Emily Deschanel by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Emily Deschanel

File:Miloşovici, Ónodi, Lysenko 1992 Olympics.jpg

Lavinia Milosovici

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Miikka Kiprusoff

File:Ryan Reynolds by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Ryan Reynolds

  • October 4
  • October 6
    • Freddy García, Venezuelan baseball player
    • Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • October 7
    • Taylor Hicks, American singer
    • Pekka Kuusisto, Finnish violinist
    • Gilberto Silva, Brazilian football player
  • October 9Nick Swardson, American actor, stand-up comedian, and screenwriter
  • October 10
    • Bob Burnquist, Brazilian skateboarder
    • Shane Doan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • October 11Emily Deschanel, American actress
  • October 14Chang Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • October 15Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress
  • October 18Galder, Norwegian musician
  • October 19
    • Ryuji Imada, Japanese golfer
    • Dan Smith, Canadian ice-hockey player
    • Michael Young, American baseball player
    • Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • October 20Plamen Goranov, Bulgarian photographer, mountain climber and a Varna-based local protest leader (d. 2013)
  • October 21
    • Jeremy Miller, American actor
    • Lavinia Milosovici, Romanian artistic gymnast
  • October 23
    • Cat Deeley, British television presenter
    • Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor
  • October 25Steve Jones, Northern Irish footballer
  • October 26
    • Miikka Kiprusoff, Finnish former hockey player (1994-2013)
    • Jeremy Wotherspoon, Canadian speed skater
  • October 29Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer

November

File:Josh Kaufman performs during the WZPL Birthday Bash at the Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum.jpg

Josh Kaufman

File:Anna Faris - Guardians of the Galaxy premiere - July 2014 (cropped).jpg

Anna Faris

File:Chadwick Boseman by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Chadwick Boseman

  • November 1Chad Lindberg, American actor
  • November 5Sean Brown, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • November 6
    • Pat Tillman, American footballer (d. 2004)
    • Troy Hambrick, American football player
    • Wiley Wiggins, American actor
  • November 7Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
  • November 8Brett Lee, Australian cricket player
  • November 9
    • Josh Kaufman, American singer-songwriter; winner of The Voice season 6
  • November 11Mike Leon Grosch, German singer
  • November 12Mirosław Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
  • November 16Mario Barravecchia, Italian singer
  • November 17Diane Neal, American actress
  • November 18Shagrath, Norwegian black metal musician (Dimmu Borgir)
  • November 19
    • Jack Dorsey, American software architect, businessman, creator of Twitter
    • Jun Shibata, Japanese singer and songwriter
    • Robin Dunne, Canadian actress
  • November 20
    • Laura Harris, Canadian actress
    • Dominique Dawes, African-American Olympic gymnast
  • November 22
    • Torsten Frings, German footballer
    • Ville Valo, Finnish rock singer (HIM)
  • November 24
    • Chen Lu, Chinese figure skater
    • Christian Laflamme, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • November 25
    • Grégory Havret, French golfer
    • Donovan McNabb, American football player
  • November 26Maia Campbell, American actress and singer
  • November 27Jaleel White, African-American actor
  • November 28Monster, guitarist (Mayday)
  • November 29
    • Chadwick Boseman, American actor
    • Anna Faris, American actress
    • Veronica Rayne, American pornographic actress
  • November 30Marco Castro, Peruvian-American director and cinematographer

December

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Dominic Monaghan

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Armin van Buuren

File:Joe Manganiello July 2015.jpg

Joe Manganiello

  • December 1Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998)
  • December 3
    • Cornelius Griffin, American football player
    • Marcos Denner, Brazilian footballer
  • December 4Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater
  • December 6Alicia Machado, Venezuelan beauty queen, Miss Universe 1996
  • December 7
    • Georges Laraque, Canadian ice-hockey player
    • Mark Duplass, American actor, screenwriter and director
  • December 8Dominic Monaghan, English actor
  • December 13Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer
  • December 14Leland Chapman, American bail bondsman
  • December 15Baichung Bhutia, Indian footballer
  • December 17Takeo Spikes, American football player
  • December 18
    • Antti Koivumäki, Finnish poet and keyboardist (Aavikko) (d. 2002)
    • Koyuki, Japanese actress
  • December 23
    • Jamie Noble, American professional wrestler
    • Amjad Sabri, Pakistani Qawwali singer (k. 2016)
  • December 24Ángel Matos, Cuban taekwondo athlete
  • December 25
    • Tuomas Holopainen, Finnish metal keyboardist (Nightwish)
    • Armin van Buuren, Dutch music producer and DJ
  • December 26Nadia Litz, Canadian actress and producer
  • December 27Fernando Pisani, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • December 28Joe Manganiello, American actor
  • December 29Danny McBride, American actor and comedian

Date unknown

  • Bozorgmehr Hosseinpour, Iranian cartoonist

Deaths

January

File:Karoly Takacs at Melbourne.jpg

Karoly Takacs, 1948 Olympic gold medalist

File:Agatha Christie.png

Agatha Christie

File:Paul Robeson 1942 crop.jpg

Paul Robeson

February

File:Bundesarchiv Bild183-R57262, Werner Heisenberg.jpg

Werner Heisenberg

File:Sal mineo Allan Warren.jpg

Sal Mineo

March

File:Walter Hermann Schottky (1886-1976).jpg

Walter H. Schottky

File:Luchino Visconti 1972.jpg

Luchino Visconti

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Marshal Bernard Montgomery

  • March 4Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (b. 1886)
  • March 5
    • Charles Lederer, American screenwriter (b. 1910)
    • Otto Tief, Estonian politician and military commander (b. 1889)
  • March 6
    • Mary Petty, American illustrator (b. 1899)
    • Max 'Slapsie Maxie' Rosenbloom, American boxer and actor (b. 1907)
  • March 7
    • Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
    • Adolphe Reymond, Swiss football (b. 1896)
  • March 8Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
  • March 10
    • Andris Andreiko, Latvian draughts player (b. 1942)
    • Salomon Smolianoff, Russian counterfeiter and Holocaust survivor (b. 1899)
    • Haddon Sundblom, Swedish illustrator and American artist (b. 1899)
  • March 13Ernst Friedrich Löhndorff, German sailor, adventurer, and writer (b. 1899)
  • March 14Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895)
  • March 17Luchino Visconti, Italian theatre and film director (b. 1906)
  • March 19
    • Paul Kossoff, British rock guitarist (Free) (b. 1950)
    • Stuart Cloete, South African novelist, essayist, biographer and short story writer (b. 1897)
  • March 24
    • Bernard Montgomery, British field marshal (b. 1887)
    • E. H. Shepard, English artist and book illustrator (b. 1879)
    • Francis Dominic Murnaghan, Irish mathematician (b. 1893)
  • March 25Josef Albers, German-American artist (b. 1888)
  • March 28Richard Arlen, American actor (b. 1899)
  • March 31Paul Strand, American photographer (b. 1890)

April

File:Howard Hughes.jpg

Howard Hughes

  • April 1Max Ernst, German artist (b. 1891)
  • April 4Harry Nyquist, American information theory pioneer (b. 1889)
  • April 5Howard Hughes, American aviation pioneer, film director, and eccentric (b. 1905)
  • April 9
    • Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer, pianist (Nordstrom Sisters) (b. 1903)
    • Phil Ochs, American folk singer and political activist (Outside of a Small Circle of Friends) (b. 1940)
  • April 12
    • Miriam Cooper, American actress (b. 1891)
    • Paul Ford, American actor (b. 1901)
  • April 14Maudie Prickett, American actress (b. 1914)
  • April 18Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
  • April 22Michael Hole, American jockey (b. 1941)
  • April 24
    • Mark Tobey, American painter (b. 1890)
    • Arvid Noe, Norwegian sailor and truck driver, probably the first European to die of AIDS-related illness (b. 1946)
  • April 25
    • Carol Reed, English film director (b. 1906)
    • Markus Reiner, Israeli scientist (b. 1886)
    • Naum Shusterman, Soviet military engineer (b. 1912)
  • April 26Sid James, South African actor (b. 1913)
  • April 28Hilde Hildebrand, German actress (b. 1897)

May

File:Hugo Wieslander crop.jpg

Hugo Wieslander

File:Heidegger 4 (1960) cropped.jpg

Martin Heidegger

  • May 1T. R. M. Howard, African-American civil rights leader and surgeon (b. 1908)
  • May 3Ernie Nevers, American football player (Chicago Cardinals) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1902)
  • May 9
  • May 11Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (b. 1898)
  • May 14Keith Relf, British rock musician (The Yardbirds) (b. 1943)
  • May 20
    • Royal E. Ingersoll, American admiral (b. 1883)
    • Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan politician, member of the Christian-Democrat party (disappeared) (b. 1924)
    • Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, Uruguayan politician (assassinated) (b. 1934)
  • May 23Henry Cecil Leon, British novelist and lawyer (b. 1902)
  • May 24Hugo Wieslander, Swedish Olympic athlete (b. 1889)
  • May 26
    • Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (b. 1889)
    • Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
  • May 27Ruth McDevitt, American actress (b. 1895)
  • May 28Steffan Danielsen, Faroese painter (b. 1922)
  • May 30
    • Max Carey, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member in the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1890)
    • Mitsuo Fuchida, Japanese aviator, naval officer, and Christian evangelist (b. 1902)
  • May 31

June

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Juan José Torres

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DeHart Hubbard

  • June 2
    • Juan José Torres, 61st President of Bolivia (assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor) (b. 1920)
    • Don Bolles, American newspaper reporter (assassinated) (b. 1928)
  • June 6
    • J. Paul Getty, American industrialist, founder of Getty Oil (b. 1892)
    • Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (b. 1891)
    • David Jacobs, British Olympic athlete (b. 1888)
  • June 7
    • Bobby Hackett, American jazz musician (b. 1915)
    • Shigetarō Shimada, admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II (b. 1883)
  • June 9Sybil Thorndike, British actress (b. 1882)
  • June 10Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born film producer (b. 1873)
  • June 11
    • Chief Red Fox, nephew of famed Sioux war leader, Crazy Horse (b. 1870)
    • Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
    • Toots Mondt, American WWF promoter (b. 1886)
  • June 14Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark (b. 1900)
  • June 15Jimmy Dykes, American baseball player and manager (b. 1896)
  • June 17Francisco Urondo, Argentine writer (b. 1930)
  • June 23DeHart Hubbard, American Olympic athlete (b. 1903)
  • June 24Imogen Cunningham, American photographer (b. 1883)
  • June 25Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • June 28Stanley Baker, British actor (b. 1928)
  • June 30
    • Firpo Marberry, American baseball player (b. 1898)
    • Alberta Ramage Neely, the wife of former Governor of West Virginia Matthew M. Neely (b. 1880)

July

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2007-0037, Gustav Heinemann.jpg

Gustav Heinemann

  • July 1
    • Anneliese Michel, German Catholic woman who was believed to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
    • Zhang Wentian, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1900)
  • July 4
    • Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli commando leader (b. 1946)
    • Antoni Słonimski, Polish poet and writer (b. 1895)
  • July 5Harold F. Loomis, American botanist and myriapodologist (b. 1896)
  • July 6Zhu De, Head of State of China, China Red Army Commander-in-Chief (b. 1886)
  • July 7
    • Norman Foster, American film director (b. 1900)
    • Walter Giesler, American soccer coach (b. 1910)
    • Gustav Heinemann, 6th President of the Federal Republc of Germany (b 1899)
    • Walter Lowenfels, American poet, journalist, and member of the Communist Party USA (b. 1897)
  • July 8James Liston, 7th Roman Catholic Bishop of Auckland, New Zealand (b. 1881)
  • July 11León de Greiff, Colombian poet (b. 1895)
  • July 12
    • James Wong Howe, American cinematographer (b. 1899)
    • Ted Mack, American radio and television host (b. 1904)
  • July 13
    • Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (b. 1884)
    • Joachim Peiper, German military leader (b. 1915)
  • July 15Paul Gallico, American novelist, short story and sports writer (b. 1897)
  • July 16Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat (assassinated by the Chilean DINA) (b. 1921)
  • July 17Arthur Hornblow, Jr., American film producer (b. 1893)
  • July 18Charles Howson, English professional footballer (b. 1896)
  • July 20Max Maxudian, French stage and film actor (b. 1881)
  • July 21Earle Combs, American baseball player (New York Yankees) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1899)
  • July 22Sir Mortimer Wheeler, British archaeologist (b. 1890)
  • July 24Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (b. 1912)
  • July 29Mickey Cohen, American gangster (b. 1913)
  • July 30Rudolf Bultmann, German Lutheran theologian (b. 1884)

August

File:Fritz Lang (1969).jpg

Fritz Lang

File:Juscelino.jpg

Juscelino Kubitschek

  • August 2
    • Cecilia, Spanish singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
    • Fritz Lang, Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter and occasional film producer (b. 1890)
  • August 3
    • Vladimir Vranić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1896)
    • Valery Sablin, Soviet mutineer (executed) (b. 1939)
  • August 4Enrique Angelelli, Argentine bishop (assassinated in the "Dirty War") (b. 1923)
  • August 6
    • Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (b. 1903)
    • Hans Edmund Nicola Burgeff, German botanist (b.1883)
    • William Mervyn, English actor (b.1912)
    • Charles Broad, British Army General during World War II (b.1882)
  • August 10
    • Ray "Crash" Corrigan, American actor (b. 1902)
    • Robert L. May, Creator of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer (b. 1905)
  • August 19Alastair Sim, Scottish actor (b. 1900)
  • August 22Juscelino Kubitschek, 21st President of Brazil (b. 1902)
  • August 25Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
  • August 26
    • Warner Anderson, American actor (b. 1911)
    • Lotte Lehmann, German soprano (b. 1888)
    • John Grimes, Archdeacon of Northampton from 1941 to 1959 (b. 1881)
  • August 27Mukesh, Indian singer (b. 1923)
  • August 28Anissa Jones, American actress (b. 1958)

September

File:Mao.jpg

Mao Zedong

  • September 2Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish writer (b. 1934)
  • September 5Arthur Gilligan, English cricket captain (b. 1894)
  • September 9
    • Yehezkel Abramsky, Russian-born rabbi, head of the London Beth Din for 17 years (b. 1886)
    • Mao Zedong, Chinese communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, author, political theorist, and leader of the Chinese Revolution (b. 1893)
  • September 10Dalton Trumbo, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1905)
  • September 14Prince Paul of Yugoslavia (b. 1893)
  • September 15Josef Sudek Czech photographer, best known for his photographs of Prague (b. 1896)
  • September 19Choe Yong-gon, North Korean general and defense minister (b. 1900)
  • September 21Orlando Letelier, Chilean former minister of Salvador Allende (assassinated in Washington, D.C.) (b. 1932)
  • September 25Red Faber, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1888)
  • September 26Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • September 27Ivan Donald Margary, American historian (b. 1896)
  • September 28Raymond Collishaw, Canadian World War I fighter ace (b. 1893)
  • September 30Paul Dehn, British screenwriter (b. 1912)

October

November

File:Rosalind Russell 1956.JPG

Rosalind Russell

  • November 6David Marine, American pathologist (b. 1888)
  • November 7Grace Stone Coates, wrote short stories, novels, poetry, and news articles (b. 1881)
  • November 8Gottfried von Cramm, German tennis champion (b. 1909)
  • November 9Billy Halop, American actor (b. 1920)
  • November 10Syd Coventry, Australian footballer (b. 1899)
  • November 11Alexander Calder, American sculptor (b. 1898)
  • November 12Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
  • November 15Jean Gabin, French actor (b. 1904)
  • November 18Man Ray, American artist (b. 1890)
  • November 19Wayne Millner, American football player (Washington Redskins) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1913)
  • November 20Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist of Ukrainian origin (b. 1898)
  • November 21Walter Stuart Diehl, American naval officer and aeronautical engineer (b. 1893)
  • November 23André Malraux, French writer and statesman (b. 1901)
  • November 25Boris Zakhava, Russian theatre director, actor and acting coach (b. 1896)
  • November 28
    • Rosalind Russell, American actress (b. 1907)
    • Albert Caquot, considered as the "best living French engineer" (b. 1881)
  • November 29
    • Godfrey Cambridge, American actor (b. 1933)
    • Judith Lowry, American actress (b. 1890)

December

File:Benjamin Britten, London Records 1968 publicity photo for Wikipedia.jpg

Benjamin Britten

File:Jango.jpg

João Goulart

File:Gregoire Kayibanda.png

Gregoire Kayibanda

  • December 2Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • December 3
    • Angelo Iachino, Italian admiral (b. 1889)
    • Mary Nash, American actress (b. 1884)
    • Louis E. Eliasberg, American financier and numismatist (b. 1896)
  • December 4
  • December 6João Goulart, 24th President of Brazil (b. 1918)
  • December 7Frank Forest, American operatic tenor and actor (b. 1896)
  • December 8Henryk Jasiczek, Polish writer and political activist (b. 1919)
  • December 9Mohamed El-Tabii, Egyptian political writer, journalist and a pioneer (b. 1896)
  • December 12Jack Cassidy, American actor of stage, film, and screen (b. 1927)
  • December 15Grégoire Kayibanda, 2nd President of Rwanda (b. 1924)
  • December 18Ned Harris, American baseball outfielder for Detroit Tigers (b. 1916)
  • December 20Richard J. Daley, American Mayor of Chicago (b. 1902)
  • December 21Thomas Simpson Crawford, Australian politician (b. 1875)
  • December 22Olive Diefenbaker, second wife of John Diefenbaker (b. 1902)
  • December 24Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1907)
  • December 25
    • Frankie Darro, American actor (b. 1917)
    • Irving Lerner, American cinematographer and director (b. 1909)
    • Frank R. Walker, American admiral (b. 1899)
  • December 26Phil Hart, U.S. Senator (b. 1912)
  • December 28Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1903)
  • December 29Albert Salomon, German surgeon at the Royal Surgical University Clinic in Berlin (b. 1883)
  • December 31Teohari Georgescu, Romanian politician (b. 1908)

Date unknown

  • Mariano Andreu, Spanish painter (b. 1888)
  • Maria Klenova, Russian marine geologist (b. 1898)

Nobel Prizes

In fiction

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References

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Television

  1. The Muppet Show
  2. The Bionic Woman

Music

I Am a Cider Drinker (Paloma Blanca) The Wurzels

Product of 1976

Alka-Seltzer

Film

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest