Script error: No such module "Unsubst". Script error: No such module "Unsubst". Template:Infobox cricket tournament The 1975 Cricket World Cup (officially called the Prudential Cup '75) was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.

The tournament was sponsored by Prudential Assurance Company and had eight participating countries: the six Test-playing teams of the time (Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan and the West Indies), plus leading Associate nations Sri Lanka and, for the only time, East Africa. The teams were divided into two groups of four, with each team playing the other teams in their group once; the top two from each group qualified for the semi-finals, with the winners of these matches meeting in the final. Each match consisted of 60 overs per team and was played in traditional white clothing and with red balls; all were played during the day and hence started early.

The concept of ODI cricket was still in the early stages and in the years between 1971 and 1975, only 18 such matches between the Test playing nations had been contested.

England, New Zealand West Indies and Australia were the teams to qualify for the semi-finals, making this the only World Cup thus far in which no team from the Indian subcontinent made this stage. Australia defeated England and the West Indies beat New Zealand, before the West Indies, the pre-tournament favourites, defeated Australia in the final at Lord's by 17 runs to become the first World Cup winners.

The opening match of the tournament featured one of the most bizarre batting efforts in one-day history, by India's Sunil Gavaskar. After England scored 334/4, with Dennis Amiss making 137, Gavaskar batted through the full 60 overs for 36 not out, prompting several pitch invasions from unhappy Indian fans.

Format

The format of the first world cup was 2 groups of four teams each, and each team playing each other. The top two team from each group then advance to the semi-finals, where the winners then advance (qualified) for the finals.

The first Cricket World Cup was played in England on seven different venues. A total of 16 matches were played in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, including two semi-finals and a final.[1]

Participants

File:1975 Cricket World Cup participating nations.svg

Highlighted were the countries participated in the 1975 Cricket World Cup.Template:LegendTemplate:Legend

The following 8 teams qualified for the final tournament. Sri Lanka and East Africa were the only two teams without Test status.

Team Method of qualification Previous best performance Rank Group
Template:Cr Host Debut 1 A
Template:Cr Full Members Debut 5 A
Template:Cr Debut 3 B
Template:Cr Debut 6 B
Template:Cr Debut 2 B
Template:Cr Debut 4 A
Template:Cr Invitation Debut B
Template:Cr Debut A

Venues

London Script error: No such module "Location map/multi". London
Lord's Cricket Ground The Oval
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,500
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Birmingham Manchester
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Old Trafford Cricket Ground
Capacity: 21,000 Capacity: 19,000
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Nottingham Leeds
Trent Bridge Headingley
Capacity: 15,350 Capacity: 14,000
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Squads

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Group stage

Group A

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Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
Template:Cr 3 3 0 0 4.94 12
Template:Cr 3 2 1 0 4.07 8
Template:Cr 3 1 2 0 3.24 4
Template:Cr 3 0 3 0 1.90 0

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Group B

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Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
Template:Cr 3 3 0 0 4.35 12
Template:Cr 3 2 1 0 4.43 8
Template:Cr 3 1 2 0 4.45 4
Template:Cr 3 0 3 0 2.78 0

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Knockout stage

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Template:Round4

Semi-finals

In the best World Cup performance to date by a bowler, Gary Gilmour took 6/14, as England were bowled out for 93 (36.2 overs), after having fallen to 37/7. Australia initially suffered a collapse just as dramatic, falling to 39/6, before Gilmour (28 from 28 balls, 5 fours) brought them home in a fantastic all-round performance.

The West Indies won the toss and sent New Zealand in to bat first. New Zealand batted well against the bowling at first, reaching 98/1. However, when captain Glenn Turner (36 from 74 balls, 3 fours) and Geoff Howarth (51 from 93 balls, 3 fours) fell, breaking a second-wicket partnership of 90 runs, New Zealand lost 9/60 to fall to 158 (all out, 52.2 overs). The West Indies responded, with Alvin Kallicharan (72 from 92 balls, 7 fours, 1 six) and Gordon Greenidge (55 from 95 balls, 9 fours, 1 six) sharing a second-wicket partnership of 125 runs, that brought the West Indies to their target.

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Final

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In the final, the West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs, after an accomplished innings from captain Clive Lloyd (102 from 85 balls, 12 fours, 2 sixes). The Australian innings was marked by top-order batsmen being run out when going for runs after misfields. A total of five of their team were run out, three by Vivian Richards. There was no 'Man of the Series' awarded in 1975.

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Statistics

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References

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External links

Template:1975 Cricket World Cup Template:Cricket World Cup Template:International cricket

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