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1975 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1975
MCMLXXV
Ab urbe condita2728
Armenian calendar1424
ԹՎ ՌՆԻԴ
Assyrian calendar6725
Bahá'í calendar131–132
Balinese saka calendar1896–1897
Bengali calendar1382
Berber calendar2925
British Regnal year23 Eliz. 2 – 24 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2519
Burmese calendar1337
Byzantine calendar7483–7484
Chinese calendar甲寅(Wood Tiger)
4671 or 4611
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4672 or 4612
Coptic calendar1691–1692
Discordian calendar3141
Ethiopian calendar1967–1968
Hebrew calendar5735–5736
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2031–2032
 - Shaka Samvat1896–1897
 - Kali Yuga5075–5076
Holocene calendar11975
Igbo calendar975–976
Iranian calendar1353–1354
Islamic calendar1394–1395
Japanese calendarShōwa 50
(昭和50年)
Javanese calendar1906–1907
Juche calendar64
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4308
Minguo calendarROC 64
民國64年
Nanakshahi calendar507
Thai solar calendar2518
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2101 or 1720 or 948
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
2102 or 1721 or 949
Unix time157766400 – 189302399

1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 975th year of the , the 75th year of the , and the 6th year of the decade.

It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

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Events

January

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    • Altair 8800 is released, sparking the microcomputer revolution.
    • Volkswagen introduces the Golf, its new front-wheel-drive economy car, in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Rabbit.
  • January 1
    • Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham join Fleetwood Mac.
    • Watergate scandal (United States): John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up.
    • Malawi changes its capital city from Zomba to Lilongwe.
  • January 2
    • The Federal Rules of Evidence are approved by the United States Congress.
    • Bangladesh revolutionary leader Siraj Sikder is killed by police while in custody.
  • January 5Tasman Bridge disaster: The Tasman Bridge in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier Template:MV, killing 12 people.
  • January 6 – United States television debuts:
    • Game show Wheel of Fortune premieres on NBC.
    • AM America makes its television debut on ABC.
  • January 7OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.
  • January 8
    • Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first female U.S. governor who does not succeed her husband.
    • U.S. President Gerald Ford appoints Vice President Nelson Rockefeller to head a special commission looking into alleged domestic abuses by the CIA.
  • January 14 – Heiress Lesley Whittle, 17, is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire, England by Donald Neilson.
  • January 15
  • January 18 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission is divided between the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, partly in response to the 1973 oil crisis.
  • January 191975 Kinnaur earthquake: An earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India.
  • January 20
    • In Hanoi, North Vietnam, the Politburo approves the final military offensive against South Vietnam.
    • American talent agent Michael Ovitz founds the Creative Artists Agency.
    • Work is abandoned on the British end of the Channel Tunnel.
  • January 24Jazz pianist Keith Jarrett plays the solo improvisation 'The Köln Concert' at the Cologne Opera, which, recorded live, becomes the best-selling piano recording in history.[1]
  • January 26Immaculata University defeats the University of Maryland 80-48 in the first nationally televised women's basketball game in the United States.[2]
  • January 29 – The Weather Underground radical student group bombs the United States Department of State main office in Washington, D.C.

February

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  • February 1 – The Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation is launched in the Philippines.
  • February 4 – The Haicheng earthquake, the first successfully predicted earthquake, kills 2,041 and injures 27,538 in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.
  • February 6A crucial by-election is held in Kankesanthurai, Sri Lanka.
  • February 9 – The Soyuz 17 crew (Georgy Grechko, Aleksei Gubarev) returns to Earth after 1 month aboard the Salyut 4 space station.
  • February 11
  • February 13
    • A "Turkish Federated State of North Cyprus" is declared as an unsuccessful first step to international recognition of a Turkish Cypriot separatist state in Cyprus.
    • A fire breaks out in the World Trade Center.
  • February 21Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in prison.
  • February 23 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly 2 months early in the United States.
  • February 26 – A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase.
  • February 27 – The 2 June Movement kidnaps West German politician Peter Lorenz. He is released on March 4 after most of the kidnappers' demands are met.
  • February 28
    • A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
    • In Lomé, Togo, the European Economic Community and 46 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries sign a financial and economic treaty, known as the first Lomé Convention.

March

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  • March 1
    • Aston Villa win the Football League Cup at Wembley, beating Norwich City 1–0 in the final.
    • Australian television switches to full-time colour.
  • March 4
    • Charlie Chaplin is knighted by Elizabeth II.
    • A Canadian parliamentary committee is televised for the first time.
  • March 6
    • Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement in their border dispute.
    • A bomb explodes in the Paris offices of the Springer Press. The 6 March Group (connected to the Red Army Faction) demands amnesty for the Baader-Meinhof Group.
  • March 7 – The body of teenage heiress Lesley Whittle, kidnapped 7 weeks earlier by the "Black Panther", is discovered in Staffordshire, England.
  • March 8
  • March 9 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • March 10
    • Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
    • The Rocky Horror Show opens on Broadway in New York City; closed after 3 previews and 45 performances.
    • An extended portion of Sanyō Shinkansen between Okayama Station and Hakata Station opens, thus making Shinkansen reach the second island, Kyushu, Japan.
  • March 11 – The leftist military government in Portugal defeats a rightist coup attempt.
  • March 13Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the Convoy of Tears).
  • March 15 – In Brazil, Guanabara State merges into the state of Rio de Janeiro. The state's capital moves from the city of Niterói to the city of Rio de Janeiro.
  • March 22Ding-a-dong by Teach-In (music by Dick Bakker, text by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens) wins the 20th Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for the Netherlands.
  • March 25 – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew; the killer is beheaded on June 18. (King Khalid succeeds Faisal.)
  • March 28 – A fire in the maternity wing at Kucic Hospital in Rijeka, former Yugoslavia, kills 25 people.
  • March 31
    • Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (39th government, a four-party coalition, so-called First National Front (Template:Lang-tr)).
    • In his final game on the sideline, John Wooden coaches UCLA to its 10th national championship in 12 seasons when the Bruins defeat Kentucky 92-85 in the title game at San Diego.

April

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  • April 3Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.
  • April 4
    • Vietnam War: The first military Operation Babylift flight, C5A 80218, crashes 27 minutes after takeoff, killing 138 on board; 176 survive the crash.
    • Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
  • April 5 – The Soviet manned space mission Soyuz 18a ends in failure during its ascent into orbit when a critical malfunction occurs in the second and third stages of the booster rocket during staging, resulting in the cosmonauts and their Soyuz spacecraft having to be ripped free from the vehicle. Both cosmonauts survive.
  • April 9
    • Asia's first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association, plays its first game at the Araneta Coliseum.
    • Eight people in South Korea, who are involved in the People's Revolutionary Party Incident, are hanged.
    • Monty Python and the Holy Grail is released.
  • April 13
    • Bus massacre: The Kataeb militia kills 27 Palestinians during an attack on their bus in Ain El Remmeneh, Lebanon, triggering the Lebanese Civil War which lasts until 1990.
    • A coup d'état in Chad led by the military overthrows and kills President François Tombalbaye.
  • April 17 – The Khmer Republic surrenders, when the Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh ending the Cambodian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Cambodian civilians.
  • April 18 – The Khmer Rouge beings prompting a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starting the genocide.
  • April 24 – Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police (See West German Embassy siege).
  • April 25Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese Army forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost 10 years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
  • April 30 – The Vietnam War ends with the Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War concludes as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuation of the remaining American troops and South Vietnam civilians. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally and is replaced with the temporary Provisional Government.

May

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  • May 1 – The Cold War between Cambodia and Vietnam begins, which eventually leads to the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
  • May 3West Ham United win the FA Cup at Wembley, beating Fulham 2–0 in the final. Both goals are scored by Alan Taylor. West Ham legend Bobby Moore, appears for Fulham.
  • May 5 – The Busch Gardens Williamsburg theme park opens in Virginia.
  • May 6 – a violent F4 tornado hit the Omaha metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Nebraska, killing 3 and injuring 137+ people. The tornado also struck the neighboring states of South Dakota and Iowa, and Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi in the southern United States.
  • May 12Mayaguez incident: Khmer Rouge forces in Cambodia seize the United States merchant ship Template:SS in international waters.
  • May 15Mayaguez incident: The American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued by the U.S. Navy and Marines; 38 Americans are killed.
  • May 16
    • Sikkim accedes to India after a referendum and abolishes the Chogyal, its monarchy.
    • Junko Tabei from Japan becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
  • May 17Elton John's Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy becomes the first album to enter the US Billboard 200 album chart at Number One.
  • May 25
    • Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500 for a second time in a rain-shorted 174 lap, 435 mile (696 km) race.
    • The Golden State Warriors win the 1975 NBA basketball championship.
  • May 27
    • The Dibbles Bridge coach crash near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England results in 32 deaths (the highest ever toll in a United Kingdom road accident).
    • In the National Hockey League, The Philadelphia Flyers defeat the Buffalo Sabres 2-0 in game six of the finals to claim their second straight Stanley Cup.
  • May 28 – Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States.

June

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  • June 5
    • The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
    • The United Kingdom votes yes in a referendum to stay in the European Community.
  • June 6 – The Georgetown Agreement, formally creating the ACP Group, is signed.
  • June 9 – The Order of Australia is awarded for the first time.
  • June 10 – In Washington, D.C., the Rockefeller Commission issues its report on CIA abuses, recommending a joint congressional oversight committee on intelligence.
  • June 19Richard Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan is found guilty in absentia of the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett.
  • June 20Jaws is released in theaters and becomes a popular summer hit, setting the standard for Hollywood blockbusters for years to come.
  • June 23Markus Zusak, writer of the Book Thief and Messenger is born.
  • June 25
    • Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.
    • Mozambique gains independence from Portugal.
  • June 26 – Two FBI agents and one AIM member die in a shootout, at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

July

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  • July 1 – The Postmaster-General's Department is disaggregated into the Australian Telecommunications Commission (trading as Telecom Australia) and the Australian Postal Commission (trading as Australia Post).
  • July 4
    • Zion Square refrigerator bombing. A terrorist attack in downtown Jerusalem kills 15 civilians and wounds 77.
    • Sydney newspaper publisher Juanita Nielsen disappears, and is presumed to have been murdered.
  • July 5Cape Verde gains independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
  • July 6
    • The Comoros declares and is granted their independence from France.
    • Ruffian, an American champion thoroughbred racehorse breaks down in a match race against Kentucky Derby winner, Foolish Pleasure; she has to be euthanized the following day.
  • July 9 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a multi-party system (albeit highly restricted).
  • July 12São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • July 17Apollo–Soyuz Test Project: A manned American Apollo spacecraft and the manned Soviet Soyuz spacecraft for the Soyuz 19 mission, docks in orbit, marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the 2 nations.
  • July 30 – In Detroit, former Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.

August

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  • August 1 – The Helsinki Accords, which officially recognize Europe's national borders and respect for human rights, are signed in Finland.
  • August 3 – The Louisiana Superdome opens in New Orleans.
  • August 5 – U.S. President Ford posthumously restores the U.S. citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, military leader of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
  • August 8
    • The Banqiao Dam, in China's Henan Province, fails after Typhoon Nina; over 200,000 people perish.
    • Samuel Bronfman II, son of the president of Seagram's, is kidnapped in Purchase, New York.
  • August 11
    • British Leyland Motor Corporation comes under British government control.
    • Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese East Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a UDT coup and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
  • August 15
    • The Birmingham Six are wrongfully sentenced to life imprisonment in Great Britain (they are released 1991).
    • Founder President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh is killed during a coup led by Major Syed Faruque Rahman.
  • August 20Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
  • August 24 – Officers responsible for the military coup in Greece in 1967 are sentenced to death in Athens. The sentences are later commuted to life imprisonment.

September

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  • September–October – In New Zealand, Māori leader Whina Cooper leads a march of 5,000 people, in support of Maori claims to their land.
  • September 5
    • In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme, a follower of jailed cult leader Charles Manson, attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is thwarted by a Secret Service agent.
    • The London Hilton Hotel is bombed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 2 people are killed and 63 injured.[4]
  • September 6 – An earthquake with a Richter magnitude of 6.7 kills at least 2,085 in Diyarbakır and Lice, Turkey.
  • September 9Riverfront Coliseum opens in Cincinnati.
  • September 14
    • Elizabeth Seton is canonized, becoming the first American Roman Catholic saint.
    • Rembrandt's painting "The Night Watch" is slashed a dozen times at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.
  • September 15 – The French department of "Corse", comprising the entire island of Corsica, is divided into two departments: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica).
File:Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg

Flag of Papua New Guinea

  • September 16Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.
  • September 18 – Fugitive Patty Hearst is captured in San Francisco.
  • September 19
    • General Vasco Gonçalves is ousted as Prime Minister of Portugal.
    • The British comedy sitcom Fawlty Towers airs on BBC 2.
  • September 20 – The term of Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbudin Sultan Abdul Halim Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, as the 5th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, ends.
  • September 21Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra of Kelantan, becomes the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
  • September 22 – U.S. President Gerald Ford survives a second assassination attempt, this time by Sara Jane Moore in San Francisco.
  • September 24Dougal Haston and Doug Scott on the 1975 British Mount Everest Southwest Face expedition become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest by any of its faces and the first Britons to reach the summit by any route.
  • September 27
    • Francoist Spain executes 5 ETA and FRAP members, the last executions in Spain to date.
    • The Norwood Football Club beats the Glenelg Football Club in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL) Australian rules football Grand Final.
  • September 28 – The Spaghetti House siege takes place in London.
  • September 30 – The Hughes Helicopters (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing IDS) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.

October

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  • October 1Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • October 2 – A blast at an explosives factory kills 6 in Beloeil, Quebec.
  • October 9 – A bomb explosion outside the Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London kills 1 and injures 20.
  • October 11NBC airs the first episode of Saturday Night Live (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests).
  • October 16
    • The "Balibo Five" Australian television journalists are killed at Balibo by Indonesian Army special forces in the buildup to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor.
    • The last naturally occurring case of smallpox is diagnosed and treated, the victim being two-year-old Rahima Banu.[5]
  • October 211975 World Series: The Cincinnati Reds defeated the Boston Red Sox in Game Six off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played.
  • October 22 – The Reds defeat the Red Sox 4 games to 3 in a broadcast that breaks records for a televised sporting event.
  • October 27Robert Poulin kills 1 and wounds 5 at St. Pius X High School in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada before shooting himself.
  • October 30
    • Peter Sutcliffe (the "Yorkshire Ripper") commits his first murder, that of Wilma McCann.
    • Juan Carlos I of Spain becomes acting head of state after dictator Francisco Franco concedes that he is too ill to govern.
  • October 31 – The Queen single "Bohemian Rhapsody" is released. It later becomes one of their most popular songs.

November

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  • November 3
    • An independent audit of Mattel, one of the United States' largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth."
    • The first petroleum pipeline opens from Cruden Bay to Grangemouth, Scotland.
    • The long-running television game show The Price Is Right expands from 30 minutes to its current hour-long format on CBS.
  • November 6
    • The Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
    • The Sex Pistols play their first gig at Saint Martins College, London.
  • November 7 – A vapor cloud explosion at a petroleum cracking facility in Geleen, Netherlands leaves 14 dead and 109 injured, with fires lasting for 5 days.
  • November 10
    • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: By a vote of 72–35 (with 32 abstentions), the United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism. The resolution provokes an outcry among Jews around the world. It is repealed in 1991.
    • The 729-foot (222 m)-long freighter Template:SS sinks during a storm 17 miles (27 km) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members on board (an event immortalized in song by Gordon Lightfoot).
    • Lev Leshchenko revives "Den Pobedy", one of the most popular World War II songs in the USSR.
File:Flag of Angola.svg

Flag of Angola

  • November 11
    • Angola becomes independent from Portugal; civil war soon erupts.
    • Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Governor-General of Australia Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as Prime Minister.
    • The first annual Vogalonga rowing "race" is held in Venice, Italy.
  • November 14Madrid Accords: Spain abandons Western Sahara.
  • November 15 – The "Group of 6" (G-6) industrialized nations is formed.
  • November 16 – Beginning of the Third Cod War between UK and Iceland, which lasts until June 1976.
  • November 20
    • Former California Governor Ronald Reagan enters the race for the Republican presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Gerald Ford.
    • Spanish dictator Francisco Franco dies in Madrid, effectively marking the end of the dictatorship established following the Spanish Civil War and the beginning of Spain's transition to democracy.
  • November 22Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco; he would reign until his abdication in 2014.
File:Flag of Suriname.svg

Flag of Suriname.

  • November 25
    • Suriname gains independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
    • The Provisional Irish Republican Army is outlawed in the United Kingdom.Template:Fix
  • November 26 – The 1975 cult classic movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show is released in the United States.
  • November 27Ross McWhirter, co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records, is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army for offering reward money to informers.
  • November 28Portuguese Timor declares its independence from Portugal as East Timor.
  • November 29
    • The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft becomes a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).
    • While disabled, the submarine tender Template:Ship discharges radioactive coolant water into Apra Harbor, Guam. A Geiger counter at two of the harbor's public beaches shows 100 millirems/hour, 50 times the allowable dose.
  • Formula One world champion Graham Hill is killed when the Piper Aztec aeroplane he was piloting crashed in foggy conditions near Arkley golf course in North London.

December

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  • December 2 – In Laos, the communist party of the Pathet Lao takes over Vientiane and defeats the Kingdom of Laos, forcing King Sisavang Vatthana to abdicate and creating the Lao People's Democratic Republic. This ends the Laotian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Laotian civilians.
  • December 3 – The ongoing Insurgency in Laos begins with the Pathet Lao fighting the Hmongs, Royalist-in-exile and the Right-wings.
    • The 1916 wreck of Template:HMHS is found in the Kea Channel by Jacques Cousteau.
  • December 8 – New York City is approved for bailout of 2.3 billion each year through to 1978 – 6.9 billion total.
  • December 7Indonesian invasion of East Timor: Indonesia invades East Timor; the occupation continues until 1999, when U.N. peacekeepers take over control until 2002.
  • December 21 – Six people, including Carlos the Jackal, kidnap delegates of an OPEC conference in Vienna.
  • December 25 – The heavy metal band Iron Maiden is formed by Steve Harris in London.
  • December 29 – A bomb explosion at LaGuardia Airport in New York City kills 11 people.

Date unknown

  • The Spanish Army quits Spanish Sahara (modern-day Western Sahara), last remnant of the Spanish Empire. The Sahrawi Republic (RASD) is created. Morocco invades the former territory.
  • The government of Colombia announces the finding of Ciudad Perdida.
  • Benoit Mandelbrot coins the mathematical term fractal.
  • Lyme disease is first diagnosed at Lyme, Connecticut.
  • Victoria (Australia) abolishes capital punishment.
  • South Australia becomes the first Australian state to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults.
  • Some members of Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Armageddon will occur this year based on the group's chronology[6] and a few sell their houses and businesses to prepare for the new world paradise which they believed will be created when Jesus establishes God's Kingdom on Earth.
  • Peter Gabriel departs Genesis, and is replaced on lead vocals by drummer Phil Collins.
  • The first monster truck, Bigfoot, is created by Bob Chandler.

World population

World population
1975 1970 1980
World 4,068,109,000 3,692,492,000 10px 375,617,000 4,434,682,000 10px 366,573,000
Africa 408,160,000 357,283,000 10px 50,877,000 469,618,001 10px 61,458,000
Asia 2,397,512,000 2,143,118,000 10px 254,394,000 2,632,335,000 10px 234,823,000
Europe 675,542,000 655,855,000 10px 19,687,000 692,431,000 10px 16,889,000
Latin America 321,906,000 284,856,000 10px 37,050,000 361,401,000 10px 39,495,000
Northern America 243,425,000 231,937,000 10px 11,488,000 256,068,000 10px 12,643,000
Oceania 21,564,000 19,443,000 10px 2,121,000 22,828,000 10px 1,264,000

Births

January

File:Dax Shepard Paleyfest 2013.jpg

Dax Shepard

File:Bradley Cooper avp 2014 2.jpg

Bradley Cooper

File:Matteo Renzi cropped.png

Matteo Renzi

File:Sara Gilbert.jpg

Sara Gilbert

  • January 1
    • Sonali Bendre, Indian actress
    • Eiichiro Oda, Japanese manga artist
    • Tammy Homolka, Canadian murder victim (d. 1990)
  • January 2
    • Dax Shepard, American actor
    • Doug Robb, American musician (Hoobastank)
  • January 3
    • Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
    • Danica McKellar, American actress and education advocate
  • January 5
    • Bradley Cooper, American actor
    • Mike Grier, American hockey player
  • January 6
    • Yukana Nogami, Japanese voice actress
    • Ricardo Santos, Brazilian beach volleyball player
  • January 8Chris Simmons, British actor
  • January 10Jake Delhomme, American football player
  • January 11
    • Rory Fitzpatrick, American hockey player
    • Matteo Renzi, 56th Prime Minister of Italy
  • January 13Shazia Mirza, British comedian
  • January 15
    • Marc Cartwright, American photographer
    • Mary Pierce, French tennis player
  • January 16Anthony Taberna, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator
  • January 17
    • Tony Brown, New Zealand rugby union footballer
    • Freddy Rodriguez, Puerto Rican actor
  • January 20
    • David Eckstein, American baseball player
    • Mark Allan Robinson, Canadian recall leader
  • January 22Balthazar Getty, American actor
  • January 23Tito Ortiz, American mixed martial arts fighter
  • January 24Paul Marazzi, English singer (A1)
  • January 25
    • Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress
    • Tim Montgomery, American athlete
    • John Wade, American football player
  • January 28
    • Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer (Steps)
    • David Zingler, American writer
    • Terri Conn, American actress
    • Hiroshi Kamiya, Japanese voice actor and singer
  • January 29
    • Sharif Atkins, American television actor
    • Sara Gilbert, American actress
  • January 30Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer (Puffy AmiYumi)
  • January 31
    • Jackie O, Australian radio DJ and TV presenter
    • Preity Zinta, Indian actress

February

File:Natalie Imbruglia Cannes.jpg

Natalie Imbruglia

File:Drew Barrymore Berlin 2014.jpg

Drew Barrymore

File:Gary Neville University of Salford.jpg

Gary Neville

  • February 1Big Boi, American rapper
  • February 2
    • Todd Bertuzzi, Canadian hockey player
    • Ieroklis Stoltidis, Greek footballer
  • February 4Natalie Imbruglia, Australian actress and singer
  • February 6Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer
  • February 9Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
  • February 10Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese baseball pitcher
  • February 11
    • Jacqui Oatley, British sports presenter
    • Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player
  • February 14Malik Zidi, French actor
  • February 16Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
  • February 17
    • Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress
    • Todd Harvey, Canadian National Hockey League player
    • Václav Prospal, Czech National Hockey League player
  • February 18
    • Keith Gillespie, Northern Irish footballer
    • Gary Neville, English footballer
    • Sarah Brown, American actress
  • February 19Mohamed Aly, Egyptian reformist and writer
  • February 20Brian Littrell, American pop singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • February 21Mark Ross, American rock singer and entrepreneur
  • February 22Drew Barrymore, American actress and film producer, co-founder of Flower Films
  • February 23Wilfred Kibet Kigen, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • February 25
    • Chiemi Chiba, Japanese voice actress
    • Chelsea Handler, American comedian and television host

March

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Eva Longoria

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Fergie

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Valentina Monetta

  • March 1
    • Maya Kulenovic, Canadian painter
    • Valentina Monetta, Sammarinese singer
  • March 4
    • Myrna Veenstra, Dutch field hockey player
    • Jerod Turner, American professional golfer
  • March 5
    • Jolene Blalock, American actress
    • Niki Taylor, American model
  • March 7
    • Audrey Marie Anderson, American actress
    • Leon Dunne, Australian swimmer
    • T. J. Thyne, American actor
  • March 9
    • Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
    • Lisa Miskovsky, Swedish musician
  • March 11
    • Eric the Midget, American TV personality (d. 2014)
    • Buvaisar Saitiev, Chechen wrestler, Olympic gold-medalist
    • David Cañada, Spanish cyclist (d. 2016)
  • March 12Kéllé Bryan, English singer (Eternal)
  • March 15
    • Eva Longoria, American actress
    • Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player
    • will.i.am, African-American rapper and singer (The Black Eyed Peas)
  • March 17
    • Andrew Martin, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2009)
    • Natalie Zea, American actress
  • March 18
    • Brian Griese, American football player
    • Sutton Foster, American actress
  • March 19
    • Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
    • Le Jingyi, Chinese swimmer
    • Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • March 25
    • Ladislav Benýšek, Czech ice hockey player
    • Melanie Blatt, English singer (All Saints)
  • March 27Fergie, American pop/R&B singer/rapper of the Black Eyed Peas and actress
  • March 28Richard Kelly, American director
  • March 29Jan Bos, Dutch speed skater
  • March 30Bahar Soomekh, American actress

April

File:Zach Braff 2011 Shankbone.JPG

Zach Braff

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Anouk

File:Jasey-Jay Anderson FIS World Cup Parallel Slalom Jauerling 2012.jpg

Jasey-Jay Anderson

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Johnny Galecki

  • April 2Adam Rodríguez, American actor
  • April 3
    • Yoshinobu Takahashi, Japanese professional baseball player
    • Koji Uehara, Japanese baseball pitcher
  • April 4
    • Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman and entrepreneur
    • Scott Rolen, American baseball player
  • April 5Juicy J, American rapper, songwriter and record producer
  • April 6
    • Zach Braff, American actor
    • Sónia Lopes, Cape Verdean middle distance and long-distance runner
  • April 7
    • Ronde Barber, American football player
    • Tiki Barber, American football player
    • John Cooper, America musician, bass guitarist and lead singer (Skillet)
  • April 8Anouk, Dutch singer-songwriter and producer
  • April 9Robbie Fowler, British footballer
  • April 10Matthew Phillips, Italian rugby union footballer
  • April 13
    • Bruce Dyer, English footballer
    • Jasey-Jay Anderson, Canadian snowboarder
  • April 14
    • Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler
    • Stefano Miceli, Italian conductor and pianist
    • Anderson Silva, Brazilian UFC Middleweight Champion
    • Takayoshi Tanimoto, Japanese singer
  • April 15Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
  • April 17Lee Hyun-il, South Korean badminton player
  • April 22
    • Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
    • Carlos Sastre, Spanish road bicycle racer
  • April 23Olga Kern, Russian pianist
  • April 26
    • India Summer, American pornographic actress
    • Joey Jordison, American metal drummer (Slipknot, Murderdolls, Scar The Martyr)
  • April 25Chris Lilley, Australian actor, comedian, and writer
  • April 27Kazuyoshi Funaki, Japanese ski jumper
  • April 29Eric Koston, American skateboarder
  • April 30
    • Johnny Galecki, Belgian-born American actor
    • Mike Chat, American actor

May

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David Beckham

File:Enrique Iglesias 2011, 2.jpg

Enrique Iglesias

File:Hélio Castroneves at Pit Stop Challenge - 2015 - Stierch.jpg

Hélio Castroneves

File:Irina Karavayeva 2008.jpg

Irina Karavayeva

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Andrew Sega

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Keiko Fujimori

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David Burtka

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CeeLo Green

  • May 1Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
  • May 2
    • David Beckham, English footballer
    • Ahmed Hassan, Egyptian footballer
  • May 3
    • Andreea Bibiri, Romanian film and stage actress, dubber and theatre director
    • Christina Hendricks, American actress
    • Kimora Lee Simmons, American fashion designer
  • May 7Jason Tunks, Canadian Olympic discus thrower
  • May 8
    • Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer
    • Jussi Markkanen, Finnish hockey player
  • May 9Chris Diamantopoulos, Canadian actor
  • May 10
    • Torbjørn Brundtland, Norwegian musician (Röyksopp)
    • Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver
    • Hazem Emam, Egyptian footballer
  • May 12Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2015)
  • May 13Itatí Cantoral, Mexican actress
  • May 15
    • Peter Iwers, Swedish rock bassist (In Flames)
    • Ray Lewis, American football player
  • May 16Tony Kakko, Finnish singer
  • May 17Jonti Picking, British animator, voice actor and internet personality
  • May 18
    • John Higgins, Scottish snooker player
    • Jack Johnson, American singer-songwriter
    • Irina Karavayeva, Russian trampolinist
  • May 19
    • London Fletcher, American football player
    • Jonas Renkse, Swedish musician
    • Mitsutoshi Shimabukuro, Japanese manga artist
    • Zhang Ning, Chinese badminton player
  • May 20
    • Al Bano, Italian singer
    • Tahmoh Penikett, Canadian actor
    • Miriam Quiambao, Filipina actress
    • Andrew Sega, American musician
  • May 22Janne Niinimaa, Finnish hockey player
  • May 23
    • Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer
    • Molly Wood, executive editor at CNET.com
  • May 25
    • Lauryn Hill, African-American singer
    • Keiko Fujimori, Peruvian politician
  • May 27
    • André 3000, American rapper, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer and actor
    • Jamie Oliver, English chef, restaurateur and television personality
  • May 28Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress
  • May 29
    • Jason Allison, Canadian hockey player
    • Melanie Brown, British singer (Spice Girls)
    • Daniel Tosh, American stand-up comedian
    • David Burtka, American actor and chef
  • May 30CeeLo Green, American singer
  • May 31Toni Nieminen, Finnish ski jumper

June

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Tobey Maguire

  • June 4
    • Russell Brand, English actor and comedian
    • Angelina Jolie, American actress
  • June 5Karen Strassman, American actress and voice actress
  • June 7
    • Shane Bond, New Zealand fast bowler
    • Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • June 8Shilpa Shetty, Bollywood actress
  • June 9Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
  • June 10Darren Eadie, English footballer
  • June 11Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress and model
  • June 14Chris Onstad, American cartoonist
  • June 15Elizabeth Reaser, American actress
  • June 16Anabel Conde, Spanish singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1995 runner-up
  • June 17Chloe Jones, American pornstar (d. 2005)
  • June 18Martin St. Louis, Canadian hockey player
  • June 19
    • Oksana Chusovitina, German artistic gymnast
    • Ed Coode, British rower
  • June 23Kate Tunstall, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • June 24Christie Rampone, American footballer
  • June 25
    • Linda Cardellini, American actress
    • Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
  • June 27Tobey Maguire, American actor
  • June 28
    • Ning Baizura, Malaysian singer
    • Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish singer (d. 2006)
  • June 30
    • Ralf Schumacher, German racing car driver
    • Angela Tong, Hong Kong actress

July

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Jack White

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50 Cent

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Judy Greer

  • July 5
    • Hernán Crespo, Argentinian footballer
    • Ai Sugiyama, Japanese tennis player
  • July 650 Cent, American rapper
  • July 9
    • Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
    • Robert Koenig, American film director and producer
    • Jack White, American rock and blues musician
  • July 10Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • July 14Flore Zoé, Dutch photographer
  • July 15Jill Halfpenny, British actress
  • July 17
    • Elena Anaya, Spanish actress
    • Cécile de France, Belgian actress
    • Harlette, British fashion designer of lingerie
    • Konnie Huq, English television presenter
  • July 18Torii Hunter, American baseball player
  • July 19Patricia Ja Lee, American model/actress
  • July 20
    • Judy Greer, American actress and author
    • Ray Allen, American basketball player
  • July 21Fredrik Johansson, Swedish musician
  • July 22Kenshin Kawakami, Japanese baseball pitcher
  • July 24
    • Eric Szmanda, American actor
    • Torrie Wilson, American professional wrestler and model
  • July 25
    • Håvard Ellefsen, Norwegian rock (metal) musician
    • Evgeni Nabokov, Kazakh-Russian former hockey goaltender (1995-2015)
  • July 27
    • Shea Hillenbrand, American baseball player
    • Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player
  • July 29Terrence Wilkins, American football player
  • July 30Graham Nicholls, British artist
  • July 31Simon Hirst, British DJ

August

File:Charlize Theron Cannes 2015 6.jpg

Charlize Theron

File:Casey Affleck.jpg

Casey Affleck

  • August 1
    • Danny Chan Kwok-kwan, Hong Kong actor
    • Vhrsti, Czech illustrator
  • August 3Yoyo Mung, Hong Kong actress
  • August 4Jason Crump, Australian Speedway rider, three times world champion
  • August 5
    • Kajol Devgan, Indian actress
    • Eicca Toppinen, Finnish cellist (Apocalyptica)
  • August 7
    • Gaahl (Kristian Eivind Espedal), Norwegian metal musician
    • Megan Gale, Australian model and actress
    • Charlize Theron, South African actress
  • August 11Roger Craig Smith, American voice actor
  • August 12Casey Affleck, American actor and film director. Brother of actor Ben Affleck
  • August 13Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani fast bowler
  • August 15Kara Wolters, American women's basketball player
  • August 18Kaitlin Olson, American actress
  • August 22
    • Sheree Murphy, English actress
    • Rodrigo Santoro, Brazilian actor
  • August 24Hayato Sakurai, Japanese martial artist
  • August 25Raymond Wong Ho-yin, Hong Kong actor
  • August 27Björn Gelotte, Swedish musician
  • August 29Dante Basco, American actor
  • August 31Sara Ramirez, American Actress

September

File:MichaelBubleSmileeb2011.jpg

Michael Bublé

File:Jason Sudeikis 2011 Shankbone 2.JPG

Jason Sudeikis

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Moon Bloodgood

File:Marion Cotillard Cannes 2015.jpg

Marion Cotillard

  • September 1
    • Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian actress and singer
    • Elvira Rahić, Bosnian singer
    • Scott Speedman, Canadian actor
  • September 2David Jahn, Czech neo-burlesque impresario
  • September 3Redfoo, American disc jockey (LMFAO)
  • September 4Mark Ronson, English DJ, record producer, and singer
  • September 6Ryoko Tani, Japanese judoka
  • September 7Renato "Babalu" Sobral, Brazilian martial artist
  • September 9Michael Bublé, Canadian musician
  • September 10R. Luke DuBois, American composer and artist
  • September 11Brad Fischetti, American musician
  • September 13Peter Ho, American-Taiwanese singer and actor
  • September 16
    • Gal Fridman, Israeli windsurfer
    • Shannon Noll, Australian singer
  • September 17
    • Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver
    • Constantine Maroulis, American singer
    • Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
    • Austin St. John, American actor
  • September 18
    • Richard Appleby, English footballer
    • Jason Sudeikis, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter
  • September 20
    • Asia Argento, Italian actress, singer, and director
    • Moon Bloodgood, American actress
  • September 22
    • Mireille Enos, American actress
    • Ethan Moreau, Canadian hockey player
  • September 23Kim Dong-moon, South Korean badminton player
  • September 25
    • Declan Donnelly, British TV presenter, actor and singer
    • Matt Hasselbeck, American football player
  • September 27Sam Lee, Hong Kong actor
  • September 30
    • Marion Cotillard, French actress, singer, songwriter, and musician
    • Christopher Jackson, American actor, musician, and composer
    • Georges-Alain Jones, French singer

October

File:Kate Winslet at The Dressmaker event TIFF (headshot).jpg

Kate Winslet

File:Sean Lennon Saint Asbury Park NJ 09272013 LHCollins 400.jpg

Sean Lennon

File:Jesse Tyler Ferguson May 2014 (cropped).jpg

Jesse Tyler Ferguson

  • October 2Michel Trudeau, son of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and brother of current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (d. 1998)
  • October 5
    • Parminder Nagra, British actress
    • Monica Rial, American voice actress
    • Kate Winslet, British actress
    • Gao Yuanyuan, Chinese actress
  • October 7
    • Terry Gerin, American professional wrestler
    • Kaspars Znotiņš, Latvian actor
  • October 9Joe McFadden, British actor
  • October 9Sean Lennon, American Musician
  • October 14
    • Floyd Landis, American cyclist
    • Shaznay Lewis, English singer (All Saints)
  • October 15Michél Mazingu-Dinzey, German-Congolese footballer
  • October 16
    • Sally Biddulph, British journalist and presenter
    • Jacques Kallis, South African Cricket All-Rounder
  • October 17Janne Aikala, Finnish murder victim (d. 1986)
  • October 19Benjamin Heckendorn, American electronics modifier and independent filmmaker
  • October 20Natalie Gregory, American child actress
  • October 21Henrique Hilário, Portuguese footballer
  • October 22
    • Jesse Tyler Ferguson, American actor
    • Mike Riley, American cartoonist
  • October 23
    • Odalys García, Cuban-born actress
    • Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
    • Michelle Beadle, Sports reporter/host
  • October 25Zadie Smith, English writer
  • October 30Ian D'Sa, Canadian guitarist
  • October 31Director X, Canadian music video director

November

File:Jason Lezak 2.jpg

Jason Lezak

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Tara Reid

File:Anthony McPartlin (2009).jpg

Anthony McPartlin

  • November 3Marta Domínguez, Spanish athlete
  • November 4Éric Fichaud, Canadian hockey player
  • November 5
    • Lisa Scott-Lee, Welsh singer (Steps)
    • Jamie Spaniolo (Jamie Madrox), American rapper
  • November 8
    • Ángel Corella, Spanish dancer
    • Tara Reid, American actress
  • November 10Markko Märtin, Estonian race car driver
  • November 11Daisuke Ohata, Japanese rugby union player
  • November 12Jason Lezak, American swimmer
  • November 14Faye Tozer, English singer (Steps)
  • November 15Hiromi Ominami, Japanese long-distance runner
  • November 16
    • Yuki Uchida, Japanese actress
    • Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player
  • November 18
    • Anthony McPartlin, British TV presenter, actor and singer
    • David Ortiz, Dominican baseball player
  • November 19Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
  • November 20Dierks Bentley, American country music singer
  • November 21
    • Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
    • Aaron Solowoniuk, Canadian drummer
  • November 22James Madio, American actor
  • November 24
    • Thomas Kohnstamm, American writer
    • Lee Wan Wah, Malaysian badminton player
  • November 28Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
  • November 30Ben Thatcher, Welsh international footballer

December

File:DeLonge2013.jpg

Tom DeLonge

File:Mayim Bialik.JPG

Mayim Bialik

File:Milla Jovovich Cannes 2011.jpg

Milla Jovovich

File:Tiger Woods drives by Allison.jpg

Tiger Woods

File:Kevin Harvick at the Daytona 500.JPG

Kevin Harvick

  • December 2Malinda Williams, American actress
  • December 3Csaba Czébely, Hungarian heavy metal drummer (Pokolgép)
  • December 5
    • Sofi Marinova, Bulgarian pop-folk and ethno-pop singer
    • Ronnie O'Sullivan, British snooker player
    • Paula Patton, American actress
  • December 6Ashin, Taiwanese rock lead singer (Mayday)
  • December 8Kevin Harvick, American race car driver
  • December 10Joe Mays, American baseball pitcher
  • December 11Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
  • December 12
    • Mayim Bialik, Israeli-American actress and neuroscientist
    • Houko Kuwashima, Japanese voice actress
  • December 13Tom DeLonge, American guitarist and vocalist
  • December 16
    • Frode Fjerdingstad, Norwegian photographer
    • Ben Kowalewicz, Canadian vocalist
  • December 17
    • Tim Clark, South African golfer
    • Nick Dinsmore, American professional wrestler
    • Susanthika Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan athlete
    • Milla Jovovich, Ukrainian-born American actress and model
  • December 18
    • Sia Furler (aka Sia), Australian singer-songwriter and music video director
    • Trish Stratus, Canadian professional wrestler and fitness model
    • Randy Houser, American country music singer
    • Masaki Sumitani, Japanese television performer
  • December 20Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer
  • December 21Paloma Herrera, Argentine ballet dancer
  • December 23
    • Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • December 26
    • Ed Stafford, English explorer
    • Marcelo Ríos, Chilean tennis player
  • December 27
    • Heather O'Rourke, American child actress (d. 1988)
    • Nike Ardilla, Indonesian singer (d. 1995)
  • December 29Shawn Hatosy, American actor
  • December 30
    • Yoma Komatsu, Japanese singer
    • Tiger Woods, American golfer
  • December 31Mikko Sirén, Finnish drummer

Date unknown

  • Gareth Edwards, British director
  • Sindre Goksøyr, Norwegian artist

Deaths

January

File:Gral. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.jpg

Gustavo Rojas Pinilla

File:Larrydisorder.jpg

Larry Fine

File:Antonín Novotný 1968.jpg

Antonin Novotny

  • January 3Victor Kraft, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
  • January 4Ole Rømer Aagaard Sandberg, Norwegian military officer and farmer. (b. 1888)
  • January 7Harry Gunnison Brown, economist teaching at Yale in 20th century (b. 1880)
  • January 8Louis P. Lochner, American political activist, journalist, and author (b. 1887)
  • January 9Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
  • January 14Georgi Traykov, former head of State of Bulgaria as Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly (b. 1898)
  • January 17Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (b. 1900)
  • January 18Evelyn Greeley, silent film actress (b. 1888)
  • January 19Thomas Hart Benton, American artist (b. 1889)
  • January 24
    • Larry Fine, American actor and comedian (b. 1902)
    • Erich Kempka, German chauffeur of Adolf Hitler (b. 1910)
  • January 27
    • Antonín Novotný, Czechoslovak Communist leader and 7th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1904)
    • Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (b. 1913)
  • January 28Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
  • January 31
    • Don Kaye, co-founder of TSR, Inc. (b. 1938)
    • Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk, English peer and Earl Marshal (b. 1908)

February

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Morgan Taylor

  • February 3Umm Kulthum, Egyptian actress and singer (b. 1904)
  • February 4Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
  • February 8
    • Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
    • Jan Mukařovský, Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist. (b. 1891)
  • February 10Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer (stroke) (b. 1910)
  • February 11Richard Ratsimandrava, President of Madagascar (assassinated) (b. 1931)
  • February 12Bernard Knowles, English film director (b. 1900)
  • February 13André Beaufre, French general (b. 1902)
  • February 14
    • Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887)
    • P. G. Wodehouse, English writer (b. 1881)
  • February 15Michał Sopoćko, Polish saint, the Apostle of Divine Mercy (b. 1888)
  • February 16Morgan Taylor, American athlete (b. 1903)
  • February 17George Marshall, American film director (b. 1891)
  • February 18Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist politician, former Prime Minister and head of State (b. 1908)
  • February 19Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
  • February 20Robert Strauss, American actor (b. 1913)
  • February 24Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
  • February 25Elijah Muhammad, African-American Nation of Islam leader (b. 1897)
  • February 26Stephen Tibble, London police officer (shot) (b. 1953)
  • February 27Muriel Hazel Wright, Oklahoma author and historian (b. 1885)
  • February 28Sir Neville Cardus, British music and cricket writer (b. 1888)

March

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Susan Hayward

File:King Faisal of Saudi Arabia on on arrival ceremony welcoming 05-27-1971 (cropped).jpg

King Faisal of Saudi Arabia

  • March 3Therese Giehse, German actress (b. 1898)
  • March 7
    • Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher and literary scholar (b. 1895)
    • Ben Blue, Canadian actor and comedian (b. 1901)
  • March 8George Stevens, American director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1904)
  • March 9
    • Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian American sculptor (b. 1888)
    • Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (b. 1892)
  • March 10Arthur W. Hummel, Sr., American Christian missionary to China (b. 1884)
  • March 11Margarita Fischer, silent film actress (b. 1886)
  • March 13Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • March 14Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
  • March 15Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1906)
  • March 16
    • T-Bone Walker, American blues performer (b. 1910)
    • Richard W. DeKorte, American New Jersey Energy Administrator and former member of the New Jersey General Assembly (b. 1936)
  • March 19
    • Harry Lachman, American set designer and film director (b. 1886)
    • Roy Middleton, Australian cricketer and administrator (b. 1889)
  • March 21Joe Medwick, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1911)
  • March 22Cass Daley, American actress (b. 1915)
  • March 25
    • King Faisal of Saudi Arabia (b. 1906)
    • Deiva Zivarattinam, Indian politician (b. 1894)
  • March 27 – Sir Arthur Bliss, British composer and Master of the Queen's Music (b. 1891)
  • March 30Boots Adams, American business magnate, president of Phillips Petroleum Company (b. 1899)

April

File:Chiang Kai-shek Colour.jpg

Chiang Kai-shek

File:Baker Banana.jpg

Josephine Baker

File:Radhakrishnan.jpg

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

  • April 3Mary Ure, Scottish actress (b. 1933)
  • April 5
    • Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China (b. 1887)
    • Harold Osborn, American Olympic athlete (b. 1899)
    • Victor Marijnen, Dutch politician and jurist, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1963–1965) (b. 1917)
  • April 6Percival Gordon, Canadian lawyer (b. 1884)
  • April 10
    • Walker Evans, American photographer (b. 1903)
    • Marjorie Main, American actress (b. 1890)
  • April 12Josephine Baker, African-American dancer (b. 1906)
  • April 13
    • N'Garta Tombalbaye, President of Chad (b. 1918)
    • Larry Parks, American actor (b. 1914)
  • April 14
    • Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)
    • Michael Flanders, English actor and songwriter (b. 1922)
  • April 15Richard Conte, American actor (b. 1910)
  • April 17Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of India (b. 1888)
  • April 21William Anderson, English cricketer (b. 1909)
  • April 23William Hartnell, British actor (b. 1908)
  • April 24Pete Ham, Welsh musician (b. 1947)
  • April 30Gen Paul, French artist (b. 1895)

May

  • May 4Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)
  • May 6Mary Stocks, Baroness Stocks, British writer (b. 1891)
  • May 8Avery Brundage, American President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
  • May 9Philip Dorn, Dutch actor (b. 1901)
  • May 13Richard Hollingshead, American inventor of the drive-in theatre (b. 1900)
  • May 18
    • Leroy Anderson, American composer (b. 1908)
    • Aníbal Troilo, Argentine tango musician (b. 1914)
  • May 22
    • Lefty Grove, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1900)
    • Amanda Labarca, Chilean diplomat, educator, writer and feminist (b. 1886)
    • Torben Meyer, Danish actor (b. 1884)
  • May 23
    • Paul Legentilhomme, French general (b. 1884)
    • Moms Mabley, African-American comedian (b. 1894)
  • May 24Guy La Chambre, French politician (b. 1898)
  • May 25Count Dante, American martial artist (b. 1939)
  • May 30
    • Philip Mairet, designer, writer and journalist. (b. 1886)
    • Steve Prefontaine, American distance runner (b. 1951)
    • Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist and founder of Isshin-ryu karate (b. 1908)
    • Michel Simon, Swiss actor (b. 1895)

June

  • June 3
    • Ozzie Nelson, American actor (b. 1906)
    • Eisaku Satō, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1901)
  • June 4Evelyn Brent, American actress (b. 1899)
  • June 5Paul Keres, Estonian chess grandmaster (b. 1916)
  • June 6Larry Blyden, American actor (b. 1925)
  • June 14Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (b. 1902)
  • June 18Hugo Bergmann, German and Israeli Jewish philosopher (b. 1883)
  • June 26Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish priest and founder of Opus Dei (b. 1902)
  • June 27G. I. Taylor, British physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory (b. 1886)
  • June 28Rod Serling, American television screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • June 29Tim Buckley, American singer/songwriter (b. 1947)
  • June 30Howard I. Chapelle, American naval architect, museum curator, and author (b. 1901)

July

  • July 2James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
  • July 6Olive Pink, Australian botanical illustrator, anthropologist (b. 1884)
  • July 7Henri Deglane, French wrestler (b. 1902)
  • July 15Charles Weidman, American choreographer and dancer (b. 1901)
  • July 17
    • Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (b. 1893)
    • L. F. Powell, an English literary scholar. (b. 1881)
  • July 18Vaughn Bodē, American artist and psychedelic cartoonist (b. 1941)
  • July 19
    • Lefty Frizzell, American singer (b. 1928)
    • Charles Alan Pownall, American admiral and third Military Governor of Guam (b. 1887)
  • July 21Billy West, American actor (b. 1892)
  • July 23Emlen Tunnell, American football player (New York Giants) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1925)
  • July 24Barbara Colby, American actress (b. 1939)
  • July 27Anne Spencer, American poet (b. 1882)
  • July 29James Blish, American science fiction writer (b. 1921)
  • July 30Jimmy Hoffa, American labor leader, disappeared on this date (b. 1913)

August

File:Dmitri Shostakovich credit Deutsche Fotothek adjusted.jpg

Dmitri Shostakovich

File:Selassie restored.jpg

Haile Selassie I

File:Éamon de Valera 03.jpg

Éamon de Valera

  • August 5Satchidanandendra Saraswati, founder of the Adhyatma Prakasha Karyalaya in Holenarasipura (b. 1880)
  • August 9Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
  • August 10Robert Barton, Irish politician and last surviving signatory of the Anglo-Irish Treaty (b. 1881)
  • August 11
    • Rachel Katznelson-Shazar, Zionist political figure and wife of third President of Israel (b. 1885)
    • Anthony McAuliffe, American general (b. 1898)
  • August 14Charles Pollard Olivier, American astronomer. (b. 1884)
  • August 15Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Two-Time President & 2nd Prime Minister of Bangladesh (b. 1920)
  • August 16Vladimir Kuts, Soviet runner (b. 1927)
  • August 17Sig Arno, German actor (b. 1895)
  • August 19
    • Mark Donohue, American race car driver (b. 1937)
    • Frank Shields, American tennis player (b. 1909)
  • August 23
    • Sidney Buchman, American screenwriter (b. 1902)
    • Hank Patterson, American actor (b. 1888)
  • August 26Cullen Landis, American actor (b. 1896)
  • August 27Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)
  • August 28Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • August 29Éamon de Valera, 3rd President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • August 31Pierre Blaise, French actor (b. 1955)

September

  • September 2Mabel Vernon, U.S. suffragist, pacifist (b. 1883)
  • September 5
    • Alice Catherine Evans, American microbiologist. (b. 1881)
    • Georg Ots, Estonian opera singer (b. 1920)
  • September 9
    • Minta Durfee, American actress (b. 1889)
    • Ethel Griffies, English actress (b. 1878)
    • John McGiver, American actor (b. 1913)
  • September 10George Paget Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • September 13Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer South Indian Musician (b. 1897)
  • September 16Irene Hayes, American Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
  • September 19Pamela Brown, English actress (b. 1917)
  • September 20Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • September 23Ian Hunter, British actor (b. 1900)
  • September 24Earle Cabell, Texas politician (b. 1906)
  • September 26C. H. Waddington, British biologist, paleontologist, geneticist and philosopher (b. 1905)
  • September 27
    • Mark Frechette, American actor (b. 1947)
    • Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)
  • September 29Casey Stengel, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and manager (New York Yankees, New York Mets) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1890)

October

File:Gustav Hertz.jpg

Gustav Ludwig Hertz

November

File:Pier Paolo Pasolini.jpg

Pier Paolo Pasolini

File:Franco0001.PNG

Francisco Franco

File:HillGraham1966Aug.jpg

Graham Hill

  • November 1Sinn Sisamouth, The highly prolific King of Khmer music is executed by the Khmer Rouge ending the Golden Age of the Cambodian music industry.(b. 1935)
  • November 2Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (b. 1922)
  • November 4Francis Dvornik, Czech historian (b. 1893)
  • November 5
    • Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer and actress (b. 1887)
    • Julian C. Smith, American general (b. 1885)
    • Agustín Tosco, Argentine union leader (b. 1930)
    • Lionel Trilling, American literary critic (b. 1905)
    • Sejfi Vllamasi, Albanian congressman (b. 1883)
  • November 6Norman Riches, Welsh cricketer. (b. 1883)
  • November 13R. C. Sherriff, English writer (b. 1896)
  • November 20
    • Tokushichi Mishima, Japanese inventor, engineer (b. 1893)
    • Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (b. 1892)
  • November 27Ross McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • November 29
    • Tony Brise, English racing driver (b. 1952)
    • Graham Hill, English race car driver (b. 1929)

December

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsAage Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, Leo James Rainwater
  • ChemistryJohn Warcup Cornforth, Vladimir Prelog
  • MedicineDavid Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
  • LiteratureEugenio Montale
  • PeaceAndrei Dmitrievich Sakharov
  • EconomicsLeonid Kantorovich, Tjalling Koopmans

References

  1. "Keith Jarrett - Biography". All About Jazz. Archived from the original on March 18, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. "Women Cagers Make TV Debut", Ocala (FL) Star-Banner", January 27, 1975, p. 2B
  3. "1975: Tories choose first woman leader". BBC News. February 11, 1975.
  4. "1975: London Hilton bombed". BBC News. September 5, 1975. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  5. Image caption of U.S. Centers for Disease Control Public Health Image LibraryC image number 7762.
  6. The Watchtower, August 15, 1968, pp. 494–501; Awake!, May 22, 1969, p. 15; The Watchtower, March 15, 1980, p. 17, para. 5–6.

Television

  1. Space: 1999
  2. The Good Life
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