Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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1972 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated. (If its start and end are defined using mean solar time [the legal time scale], its duration was 31622401.141 seconds of Terrestrial Time (or Ephemeris Time), which is slightly shorter than 1908).[1]

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Events

January

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  • January 1Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • January 2Pierre Hotel Robbery: Six men rob the safe deposit boxes of The Pierre hotel in New York City for at least $4 million.
  • January 3 – MGM's 1951 Show Boat is presented on television by NBC for the first time. This marks the first complete network telecast of any version of Show Boat (it had already been filmed as a part-talkie in 1929, and as a full-sound musical in 1936).
  • January 4
    • The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced (price $395).
    • Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge at the Old Bailey in London.
  • January 5 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the development of a Space Shuttle program.
  • January 7
    • Iberia Airlines Flight 602 crashes into a 462-meter peak on the island of Ibiza; 104 are killed.
    • Howard Hughes speaks to the press by telephone to denounce Clifford Irving's hoax biography of him.
  • January 9 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor.
  • January 10Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to Bangladesh from Pakistan.
  • January 13 – Prime Minister of Ghana Kofi Abrefa Busia is overthrown in a military coup.
  • January 14 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark.
  • January 19 – The Libertarian enclave Minerva on a platform in the South Pacific, sponsored by the Phoenix Foundation, declares independence. Soon neighboring Tonga annexes the area and dismantles the platform.
  • January 20
    • President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces that Pakistan will immediately begin a nuclear weapons program.
    • Fears are growing about the economy of the United Kingdom, where unemployment is now exceeding 1 million for the first time since World War II.[2]
  • January 21
    • A New Delhi bootlegger sells wood alcohol to a wedding party; 100 die.
    • Tripura, part of the former independent Twipra Kingdom, becomes a full state of India.
  • January 24 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle.
  • January 25Shirley Chisholm, the first African American Congresswoman, announces her candidacy for President.
  • January 26
    • Yugoslavian air stewardess Vesna Vulović is the only survivor when her plane crashes in Czechoslovakia. She survives after falling 10,160 meters (33,330 feet) in the tail section of the aircraft.
    • The Aboriginal Tent Embassy is set up on the lawn of Parliament House in Canberra.
  • January 30
  • January 31 – King Birendra succeeds his father as King of Nepal.

February

File:Sapporo1972.png

1972 Winter Olympics

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  • February 2
    • A bomb explodes at the British Yacht Club in West Berlin, killing Irwin Beelitz, a German boat builder.
    • The German militant group 2 June Movement announces its support of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
    • Anti-British riots take place throughout Ireland. The British Embassy in Dublin is burned to the ground, as are several British-owned businesses.
    • The last draft lottery is held, a watershed event in the wind-down of military conscription in the United States during the Vietnam era. These draft candidates are never called to duty.
  • February 3February 13 – The 1972 Winter Olympics are held in Sapporo, Japan.
  • February 4Mariner 9 sends pictures as it orbits Mars.
  • February 5
    • U.S. airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers and baggage.
    • Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • February 9 – The British government declares a state of emergency over a miners' strike.
  • February 15
    • President of Ecuador José María Velasco Ibarra is deposed for the fourth time.
    • Phonorecords are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
  • February 17Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced.
  • February 18 – The California Supreme Court voids the state's death penalty, commuting all death sentences to life in prison.
  • February 19Asama-Sansō incident: Five United Red Army members break into a lodge below Mount Asama, taking the wife of the lodge keeper hostage.
  • February 21 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
  • February 21February 28 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon makes an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.
  • February 22
    • Aldershot Bombing: An Official IRA bomb kills 7 in Aldershot, England.
    • Lufthansa Flight 649 is hijacked and taken to Aden. Passengers are released the following day after a ransom of 5 million US dollars is agreed.
  • February 23Angela Davis is released from jail. A Caruthers, California farmer, Rodger McAfee, helps her make bail.
  • February 24 – North Vietnamese negotiators walk out of the Paris Peace Talks to protest U.S. air raids.
  • February 26
    • A coal sludge spill kills 125 people in Buffalo Creek, West Virginia.
    • Luna 20 comes back to Earth with 55 grams (1.94 oz) of lunar soil.
  • February 28 – The Asama-Sanso incident ends in a standoff between 5 members of the Japanese United Red Army and the authorities, in which 2 policemen are killed and 12 injured.

March

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  • March 1
    • The Thai province Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani Province.
    • The Club of Rome publishes its report The Limits to Growth.
    • Juan María Bordaberry is sworn in as President of Uruguay amid accusations of election fraud.
  • March 2
    • The Pioneer 10 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy, to be the first man-made satellite to leave the solar system.
    • Jean-Bédel Bokassa becomes President of the Central African Republic.
  • March 3 – Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain in the U.S. state of Georgia.
  • March 4
    • Libya and the Soviet Union sign a cooperation treaty.
    • The Organisation of the Islamic Conference Charter is signed (effective 28 February 1973).
  • March 5 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves the Greek Communist Party.
  • March 13
    • The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China elevate diplomatic exchanges to the ambassadorial level after 22 years.
    • Clifford Irving admits to a New York court that he had fabricated Howard Hughes' "autobiography".
  • March 16 – The first building of the Pruitt–Igoe housing development in St. Louis is destroyed.
  • March 19 – India and Bangladesh sign the Indo-Bangladeshi Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Peace.
  • March 22 – The 92nd U.S. Congress votes to send the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.
  • March 24
    • The Godfather is released in cinemas in the United States.
    • The British government announces the prorogation of the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the introduction of 'Direct Rule' of Northern Ireland, after the Unionist government refuses to cede security powers.
  • March 25 – "Après toi" sung by Vicky Leandros (music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas, lyric by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1972 for Luxembourg.
  • March 26
    • An avalanche on Mount Fuji kills 19 climbers.
    • The last trolleybus system in the United Kingdom closes in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire after over 60 years of operation.
    • After 14 years, the last of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts is telecast by CBS. This last concert is devoted to Gustav Holst's The Planets.
  • March 27 – The First Sudanese Civil War ends.
  • March 30
    • Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam
    • The Parliament of Northern Ireland is suspended.

April

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  • April 7Vietnam War veteran Richard McCoy, Jr. hijacks a United Airlines jet and extorts $500,000; he is later captured.
  • April 10
    • The U.S. and the Soviet Union join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare.
    • Tombs containing bamboo slips, among them Sun Tzu's Art of War and Sun Bin's lost military treatise, are accidentally discovered by construction workers in Shandong.
    • A 7.0 Richter scale earthquake kills 5,000 people in the Iranian province of Fars.
    • The 44th Annual Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles.
  • April 12 – The X-rated animated movie Fritz the Cat is released.
  • April 13 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
  • April 16
    • Apollo 16 (John Young, Ken Mattingly, Charlie Duke) is launched. During the mission, the astronauts achieve a lunar rover speed record of 18 km/h.
    • Vietnam War – Nguyen Hue Offensive: Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
  • April 17 – The first Boston Marathon in which women are officially allowed to compete.
  • April 22 – Sylvia Cook and John Fairfax finish rowing across the Pacific.
  • April 26 – The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar enters service with Eastern Airlines.
  • April 27
    • The Burundian Genocide against the Hutu begins; more than 500,000 Hutus die.
    • A no-confidence vote against German Chancellor Willy Brandt fails under obscure circumstances.
  • April 29 – The fourth anniversary of the Broadway musical Hair is celebrated with a free concert at a Central Park bandshell, followed by dinner at the Four Seasons. There, 13 Black Panther protesters and the show's co-author, Jim Rado, are arrested for disturbing the peace and for using marijuana.

May

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  • May 2 – Fire in a silver mine in Idaho kills 91.
  • May 5 – An Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo, Sicily; 115 die.
  • May 7General elections are held in Italy.
  • May 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the mining of Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam.
  • May 10Operation Linebacker and Operation Custom Tailor begin with large-scale bombing operations against North Vietnam by tactical fighter aircraft.
  • May 13 – A Fire in a nightclub atop the Sennichi department store in Osaka, Japan, kills 115.
  • May 15
    • Okinawa is returned to Japan after 27 years of United States occupation.
    • Governor George C. Wallace of Alabama is shot and paralyzed by Arthur Herman Bremer at a Laurel, Maryland, political rally.
  • May 16 – The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opens on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
  • May 18 – Four troopers of the British Special Air Service and Special Boat Service are parachuted onto the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 Script error: No such module "convert". across the Atlantic after a bomb threat and ransom demand which turn out to be bogus.
  • May 19 – Three out of 6 bombs explode in the Axel Springer AG media company offices in Hamburg, Germany, injuring 17; the Red Army Faction claims responsibility.
  • May 21 – In St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican City), Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's Pietà statue with a geologist's hammer, shouting that he is Jesus Christ.
  • May 22
    • The Dominion of Ceylon becomes the republic of Sri Lanka under prime minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, when its new constitution is ratified.
    • Ferit Melen forms the new (interim) government of Turkey (35th government)
  • May 23 – The Tamil United Front (later known as Tamil United Liberation Front), a pro-Tamil organization, is founded in Sri Lanka.
  • May 24
    • Scottish Association football club Rangers F.C. win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeating FC Dynamo Moscow 3-2 in the final at Camp Nou in Barcelona (Spain). A pitch invasion by their supporters leads to the team being banned from defending the trophy the following season.
    • A Red Army Faction bomb explodes in the Campbell Barracks of the U.S. Army Supreme European Command in Heidelberg, West Germany; 3 U.S. soldiers (Clyde Bonner, Ronald Woodard and Charles Peck) are killed.
    • The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age; it goes on sale to the public in August.
  • May 26
    • Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
    • Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.
    • Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
  • May 27Mark Donohue wins the Indianapolis 500 in the Penske Racing McLarenOffenhauser.
  • May 30
    • The Angry Brigade goes on trial in the United Kingdom.
    • Three Japanese Red Army members kill 24 and injure 100 in Lod Airport, Israel.

June

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  • June – Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company.
  • June 2Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe, Holger Meins and some other members of the Red Army Faction are arrested in Frankfurt am Main after a shootout.
  • June 3Sally Priesand becomes the first female U.S. rabbi.
  • June 4Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder.
  • June 5June 16 – The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment is held in Stockholm, Sweden
  • June 8
    • Seven men and three women hijack a plane from Czechoslovakia to West Germany.
    • Vietnam War: Associated Press photographer Nick Ut takes his Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of a naked nine-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc running down a road after being burned by napalm.
  • June 9 – The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota.
  • June 11Henri Pescarolo (France) and co-driver former World Drivers' Champion Graham Hill (Britain) win the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the Equipe Matra MS670.
  • June 14June 23Hurricane Agnes kills 117 on the U.S. East Coast.
  • June 14Japan Airlines Flight 471 crashes outside of New Delhi airport, killing 82 of 87 occupants.
  • June 15Ulrike Meinhof and Gerhard Müller of the Red Army Faction are arrested in a teacher's apartment in Langenhagen, West Germany.
  • June 15June 18 – The first U.S. Libertarian Party National Convention is held in Denver, Colorado.
  • June 16 – 108 die as 2 passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel near Soissons, France.
  • June 17
    • Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee.
    • The United States returns Okinawa, occupied and governed since the World War II Battle of Okinawa, to Japan.
    • Chilean president Salvador Allende forms a new government.
  • June 18
    • Staines air disaster: 118 die when a Trident 1 jet airliner crashes 2 minutes after take off from London Heathrow Airport.
    • West Germany beats the Soviet Union 3–0 to win Euro 72.
    • Hong Kong's worst flooding and landslides in recorded history with Script error: No such module "convert". of rainfall in the previous 3 days. 67 people die due to building collapses in Mid-levels districts landslide and building collapses, with a further 83 due to flooding-related fatalities. It is the second worst fatality due to building collapses, and the worst flooding in Hong Kong's recorded history.
  • June 23Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
  • June 26Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari.
  • June 28 – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
  • June 29Furman v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that capital punishment is unconstitutional.
  • June 30 – The International Time Bureau adds the first leap second (23:59:60) to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) at the end of the month.

July

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  • July – U.S. actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.
  • July 1
    • The Canadian ketch Vega, flying the Greenpeace III banner, collides with the French naval minesweeper La Paimpolaise while in international waters, to protest French nuclear weapon tests in the South Pacific.
    • The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms becomes independent from the IRS.
  • July 2 – Following Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, both nations sign the historic Simla Agreement, agreeing to settle their disputes bilaterally.
  • July 4 – The first Rainbow Gathering is held in Colorado.
  • July 8 – The U.S. sells grain to the Soviet Union for $750 million.
  • July 10 – India's news agency reports that at least 24 people have been killed in separate incidents, in the Chandka Forest in India, by elephants crazed by heat and drought.
  • July 10July 14 – The Democratic National Convention meets in Miami Beach. Senator George McGovern, who backs the immediate and complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Vietnam, is nominated for President. He names fellow Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate.
  • July 15 – The Pruitt–Igoe housing development is demolished in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • July 18Anwar Sadat expels 20,000 Soviet advisors from Egypt.
  • July 21
    • Bloody Friday: 22 bombs planted by the Provisional IRA explode in Belfast, Northern Ireland; nine people are killed and 130 seriously injured.[3]
    • Comedian George Carlin is arrested by Milwaukee police for public obscenity, for reciting his "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television" at Summerfest.
    • A collision between two trains near Seville, Spain kills 76 people.
  • July 23 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • July 24 – King Jigme Singye Wangchuck succeeds his father Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as king of Bhutan.
  • July 25 – U.S. health officials admit that African-Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.
  • July 27 – The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle makes its first flight.
  • July 28 – A national dock strike begins in Britain.
  • July 31The Troubles, Northern Ireland:
    • Operation Motorman 4:00 AM: The British Army begins to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry ("Free Derry") and Newry.[3]
    • Claudy bombing ("Bloody Monday"), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill 9. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities.[4]

August

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  • August 1 – U.S. Senator Thomas Eagleton, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee, withdraws from the race after revealing he was once treated for mental illness.
  • August 4
    • Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for shooting George Wallace.
    • Dictator Idi Amin declares that Uganda will expel 50,000 Asians with British passports to Britain within 3 months.
    • A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on August 2; an August 4 flare kicks off high levels of activity until August 10.
  • August 10 – A brilliant, daytime meteor skips off the Earth's atmosphere due to an Apollo asteroid streaking over the western US into Canada.[5]
  • August 14 – An East German Ilyushin airliner crashes near East Berlin; all 156 on board perish.
  • August 16 – As part of a coup attempt, members of the Royal Moroccan Air Force fire upon, but fail to bring down, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
  • August 21 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida renominates U.S. President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew for a second term.
  • August 22
    • Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.
    • John Wojtowicz, 27, and Sal Naturile, 18, hold several Chase Manhattan Bank employees hostage for 17 hours in Gravesend, Brooklyn, N.Y. (an event later dramatized in the film Dog Day Afternoon).
    • In the Almirante Zar Naval Base, Argentina, 16 detainees are executed by firing squad in the Trelew massacre.
  • August 26September 11 – The 1972 Summer Olympics are held in Munich, West Germany.

September

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September 21: Martial law in the Philippines.

  • September 1
    • Bobby Fischer defeats Boris Spassky in a chess match in Reykjavík, Iceland, becoming the first American world chess champion.
    • The Second Cod War begins between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
  • September 4 – The first episode of The Price Is Right is aired on CBS by Bob Barker. Gambit and The Joker's Wild also premiere.
  • September 5September 6Munich massacre: Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after 8 members of the Arab terrorist group Black September invade the Olympic Village; 5 guerillas and 1 policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue.
  • September 10 – The Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza and becomes the youngest Formula One World Champion.
  • September 14 – West Germany and Poland renew diplomatic relations.
  • September 17
    • Uganda announces that there are Tanzanian troops in its territory.
    • The television series M*A*S*H begins its run on CBS.
  • September 18São Paulo Metro is inaugurated in Brazil.
  • September 19 – A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills 1 diplomat.
  • September 21Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081[6] placing the entire country under martial law.
  • September 24 – An F-86 fighter aircraft leaving an air show at Sacramento Executive Airport fails to become airborne and crashes into a Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour, killing 12 children and 11 adults.[7]
  • September 25Norwegian EC referendum, 1972: Norway rejects membership in the European Economic Community.
  • September 28 – The Canadian national men's hockey team defeats the Soviet national ice hockey team in Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series (French: La Série du Siècle, Russian: Суперсерия СССР — Канада), 6–5, to win the series 4–3–1.
  • September 29Sino-Japanese relations: The Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China is signed in Beijing, which normalizes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan).

October

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  • October – The government of former President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre formally introduces the Somali alphabet as Somalia's official writing script.[8]
  • October 1
    • The first publication reporting the production of a recombinant DNA molecule marks the birth of modern molecular biology methodology.[9]
    • Alex Comfort's bestselling manual The Joy of Sex is published.
  • October 2 – Denmark joins the European Community; the Faroe Islands stay out.
  • October 5 – The United Reformed Church is founded out of the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches.
  • October 6 – A train crash in Saltillo, Mexico kills 208 people.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • October 8
    • A major breakthrough occurs in the Paris peace talks between Henry Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ.
    • R. Sargent Shriver is chosen to replace Thomas Eagleton as the U.S. vice-presidential nominee of the Democratic Party.
  • October 12 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, an anti-war protest, the USS Kitty Hawk riot led by African-Americans and interpreted by some as a race riot involving more than 200 sailors, breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk; nearly 50 sailors are injured.
  • October 13Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571: A Fairchild FH-227D passenger aircraft transporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000' in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive December 20 but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive.
  • October 16
    • A plane carrying U.S. Congressman Hale Boggs of Louisiana and 3 other men vanishes in Alaska. The wreckage has never been found, despite a massive search at the time.
    • Rioting Maze Prison inmates cause a fire that destroys most of the camp.
  • October 17Elizabeth II visits Yugoslavia.
  • October 25
    • The first female FBI agents are hired.
    • Belgian Eddy Merckx sets a new world hour record in cycling in Mexico City.
  • October 26 – Following a visit to South Vietnam, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger suggests that "peace is at hand."
  • October 28 – The Airbus A300 flies for the first time.
  • October 29Lufthansa Flight 615 is hijacked and threats are made to be blown up if the three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are not released from prison in West Germany. The demands are accepted, leading to fierce condemnation by Israel.[10]
  • October 30
    • U.S. President Richard Nixon approves legislation to increase Social Security spending by US$5.3 billion.
    • A commuter train collision in Chicago kills 45, injures hundreds.

November

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Nixon's landslide victory in the electoral college during the 1972 Election.

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The arcade version of Pong is released.

  • November
    • At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.
    • The Nishitetsu Lions baseball club, part of the NPB's Pacific League, is sold to the Fukuoka Baseball Corporation, a subsidiary of Nishi-Nippon Railroad. The team is renamed the Taiheiyo Club Lions.
  • November 5 – A group of Amerindians occupies the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • November 7U.S. presidential election, 1972: Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern in a landslide (the election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting).
  • November 11Vietnam WarVietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
  • November 14 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
  • November 16 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopts the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage[11]
  • November 19Seán Mac Stíofáin, a leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTÉ.
  • November 22Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
  • November 28 – The last executions in Paris, France. Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet – the Clairvaux Mutineers – are guillotined at La Santé Prison by chief executioner André Obrecht (already suffering from Parkinson's disease). Bontems had been found innocent of murder by the court, but as Buffet's accomplice is condemned to death anyway. President Georges Pompidou, in private an abolitionist, upholds both death sentences in deference to French public opinion.
  • November 29
    • Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of their seminal arcade version of Pong, the first game to achieve commercial success.
    • The "tea house" Mellow Yellow opens on the Amstel River in Amsterdam, pioneering the legal sale of cannabis in the Netherlands.[12]
  • November 30
    • Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam, due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
    • Cod War: British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home says that Royal Navy ships will be stationed to protect British trawlers off Iceland.

December

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  • December 2Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5 December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War.
  • December 7
    • Apollo 17 (Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt), the last manned Moon mission to date, is launched and "The Blue Marble" photograph of the Earth is taken.
    • The Provisional Irish Republican Army kidnaps Jean McConville in Belfast.
    • Imelda Marcos is stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant; her bodyguards shoot him.
  • December 8
    • United Airlines Flight 553 crashes short of the runway, killing 43 of 61 passengers and 2 people on the ground.
    • Over $10,000 cash is found in the purse of Watergate conspirator Howard Hunt's wife.
    • International Human Rights Day is proclaimed by the United Nations.
  • December 11Apollo 17 lands on the Moon.
  • December 14Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
  • December 15
    • The Commonwealth of Australia ordains equal pay for women.
    • The United Nations Environment Programme is established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • December 16
    • The Constitution of Bangladesh comes into effect.
    • The Portuguese army kills 400 Africans in Tete, Mozambique.
  • December 19Apollo program: Apollo 17 returns to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.
  • December 21
    • East Germany and West Germany recognize each other.
    • ZANLA troopers attack Altera Farm in north-east Rhodesia.
  • December 22
    • Australia establishes diplomatic relations with China and East Germany.
    • A peace delegation that includes singer-activist Joan Baez and human rights attorney Telford Taylor visit Hanoi to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war (they will be caught in the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam).
  • December 23
    • A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua; President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is later accused of pocketing millions of dollars worth of foreign aid intended for relief.
    • The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first ever post-season NFL game, defeating the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that becomes known as The Immaculate Reception.
    • Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden.
  • December 25 – The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon.
  • December 26 – Former United States President Harry S. Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri.
  • December 28 – The bones of Martin Bormann are identified in Berlin.
  • December 29Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashes into the Everglades in Florida, killing 101 of 176 on board.
  • December 31
    • Roberto Clemente dies in a plane crash off the coast of Puerto Rico while en route to deliver aid to Nicaraguan earthquake victims.
    • An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the year.
    • The US ban on the pesticide DDT takes effect.

Date unknown

  • The International Year of the Book is designated by UNESCO.
  • The last major epidemic of smallpox in Europe breaks out in Yugoslavia.
  • The United Kingdom begin to train Special Air Service for anti-terrorist duties.
  • The first women are admitted to Dartmouth College in the United States.
  • Colombian looters find Ciudad Perdida but keep it a secret until the government reveals it in 1975.
  • The Yellow River dries up for the first time in known history.
  • Worship of Norse gods is officially approved in Iceland.
  • The Climatic Research Unit is founded by climatologist Hubert Lamb at the University of East Anglia.
  • The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia bans the cultural organization Matica hrvatska, founded in 1842.
  • The German company SAP AG is founded.
  • Kadir Nurman introduces a sandwich made with döner kebab meat as a fast-food item in Berlin.[13][14]
  • Burt Reynolds poses nude for the centerfold of the April edition of Cosmopolitan (magazine).
  • Film director Stanley Kubrick asks Warner Bros. to withdraw A Clockwork Orange from exhibition in the UK following death threats made against his family. The film does not receive a public viewing in the country for another 27 years.
  • Motown moves all of its operations from Detroit to Los Angeles in June.

Births

January

File:Jang Seo-Hee.jpg

Jang Seo-hee

File:Amanda Peet September 2014 (cropped).jpg

Amanda Peet

File:Sakis Rouvas in Moscow.jpg

Sakis Rouvas

File:Lilian Thuram.jpg

Lilian Thuram

  • January 1
    • Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
    • Barron Miles, Canadian defensive back for the BC Lions in the CFL
    • Lilian Thuram, French football player
  • January 4Brad Zavisha, Canadian ice hockey player
  • January 5
    • Jang Seo-hee, South Korean actress
    • Sakis Rouvas, Greek recording, film and television artist; model; businessman and former pole vaulter
  • January 9Mat Hoffman, American BMX rider
  • January 10Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • January 11Amanda Peet, American actress
  • January 12Espen Knutsen, Norwegian hockey player
  • January 13
    • Nicole Eggert, American actress
    • Yukiko Iwai, Japanese voice actress
    • Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast
  • January 15
    • Il Mi Chung, South Korean golfer
    • Claudia Winkleman, British television presenter
    • Yang Yong-eun, South Korean golfer
  • January 16
    • Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
    • Ang Christou, Australian rules footballer
    • Dameon Clarke, Canadian actor and voice actor
    • Yuri Alekseevich Drozdov, Russian footballer
    • Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer
    • Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner
    • Joe Horn, American football player
    • Greg Page, Australian musician and actor
    • Alen Peternac, Croatian footballer
  • January 17Ken Hirai, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • January 18Mike Lieberthal, American baseball player
  • January 19Angham, Egyptian singer, record producer and actress
  • January 21Billel Dziri, Algerian footballer
  • January 22
    • Gabriel Macht, American actor
    • Romi Park, Japanese voice actress
  • January 23
    • Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor
    • Marcel Wouda, Dutch swimmer
  • January 27
    • Wynne Evans, Welsh operatic tenor
    • Mark Owen, British pop singer (Take That)
    • Keith Wood, Irish rugby player
  • January 29Matt Brandstein, American writer

February

File:Dana International Euro 2.jpg

Dana International

File:Jaromir Jagr Prague.jpg

Jaromír Jágr

File:Billie Joe Armstrong (Green Day) House Of Blues 2015.jpg

Billie Joe Armstrong

File:Valeria Mazza.jpg

Valeria Mazza

File:Alexandra Timoshenko 1992 Alicante.PNG

Olexandra Timoshenko

File:Keith Ferguson - VO Actor.jpg

Keith Ferguson

  • February 2
    • Dana International, Israeli transsexual singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1998 winner
    • Klára Dobrev, wife of Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány
    • Hendrick Ramaala, South African long-distance runner
    • Hisashi Tonomura, Japanese musician
  • February 3Jesper Kyd, Danish video game composer
  • February 4Giovanni Silva de Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • February 5
    • Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
    • Koriki Chōshū, Japanese comedian
  • February 8Big Show, American professional wrestler
  • February 9
    • Crispin Freeman, American voice actor
    • Norbert Rózsa, Hungarian swimmer
  • February 11
    • Craig Jones, American musician
    • Steve McManaman, British footballer
    • Kelly Slater, American professional surfer
  • February 14
    • Drew Bledsoe, American football player
    • Rob Thomas, American singer-songwriter (Matchbox Twenty)
  • February 15Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
  • February 16Jerome Bettis, American football player
  • February 17
    • Billie Joe Armstrong, American rock musician and lead singer/guitarist (Green Day)
    • Philippe Candeloro, French figure skater
    • Yuki Isoya, Japanese singer
    • Valeria Mazza, Argentinean model and businesswoman
  • February 18Olexandra Timoshenko, Ukrainian rhythmic gymnast
  • February 19Malky Mackay, Scottish footballer
  • February 21Seo Taiji, Korean musician
  • February 22
    • Michael Chang, American tennis player
    • Claudia Pechstein, German speed-skater
  • February 24
    • Pooja Bhatt, Indian actress
    • Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (d. 2001)
  • February 25Jaak Mae, Estonian cross-country skier
  • February 26Keith Ferguson, American voice actor
  • February 29
    • Antonio Sabàto, Jr., Italian actor
    • Dave Williams, American musician and singer of Drowning Pool (d. 2002)
    • Saul Williams, American singer, poet and actor

March

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Shaquille O'Neal

File:Mark Hoppus 2004.jpg

Mark Hoppus

File:Dane Cook ComicCon (cropped).JPG

Dane Cook

  • March 3Darren Anderton, English footballer
  • March 4
    • Pae Gil-su, North Korean gymnast
    • Ivy Queen, Puerto Rican-American actress, singer-songwriter and record producer
    • Jos Verstappen, Dutch race car driver
  • March 6
    • Shaquille O'Neal, African-American basketball player
    • Jaret Reddick, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • March 9
    • Ronald Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actor
    • Spencer Howson, Australian radio announcer
    • Travis Lane Stork, American emergency room physician and television personality
  • March 10
    • Takashi Fujii (Matthew Minami), Japanese television performer
    • Matt Kenseth, American race car driver
    • Michael Lucas, Russian gay pornographic actor and director
    • Timbaland, American record producer, songwriter and rapper
  • March 13
    • Leigh-Allyn Baker, American actress
    • Common, African-American rapper and actor
    • Trent Dilfer, American football player
  • March 15Mark Hoppus, American musician
  • March 17
    • Mia Hamm, American soccer player
    • Paige Hemmis, American television personality
  • March 18Dane Cook, American comedian
  • March 21
    • Chris Candido, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
    • Derartu Tulu, Ethiopian long-distance runner
  • March 22
    • Shawn Bradley, American basketball player
    • Cory Lidle, American baseball player (d. 2006)
    • Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater
  • March 23
    • Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
    • Judith Godrèche, French actress
  • March 26Leslie Mann, American actress and comedian
  • March 27
    • Ignacio Garrido, Spanish golfer
    • Charlie Haas, American professional wrestler
    • Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer
    • Ben Richards, British actor, better known for his role in The Bill
  • March 28
    • Nick Frost, English actor, comedian and screenwriter
    • Eby J. Jose, Indian journalist and human rights activist
  • March 29
    • Hera Björk, Icelandic singer
    • Junichi Suwabe, Japanese voice actor
  • March 30Karel Poborský, Czech Republic football player

April

File:Jennifer Garner at D23 expo 2011.JPG

Jennifer Garner

File:Carmen Electra (square).jpg

Carmen Electra

File:Željko Joksimović (Eurovision Song Contest 2012) 2.jpg

Željko Joksimović

  • April 3Jennie Garth, American actress
  • April 4
    • Tag Adams, American pornographic film actor
    • Bastian Pastewka, German comedian and actor
    • Lisa Ray, Canadian model and actress
  • April 5Junko Takeuchi, Japanese voice actress
  • April 6Jason Hervey, American actor
  • April 8
    • Ariel Hernandez, Cuban boxer
    • Sung Kang, Korean actor
  • April 7Tim Peake, British astronaut.
  • April 9Bernard Ackah, Ivorian mixed martial artist and comedian
  • April 10Vincent Zhao, Chinese actor and martial artist
  • April 11
    • Balls Mahoney, American professional wrestler (d. 2016)
    • Jason Varitek, American baseball player
  • April 12Şebnem Ferah, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • April 13Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
  • April 14Dean Potter, American free climber (d. 2015)
  • April 15Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer (d. 2009)
  • April 16Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player
  • April 17
    • Tony Boselli, American football player
    • Jennifer Garner, American actress
    • Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lankan cricketer
    • Terran Sandwith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • April 19Rivaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • April 20
    • Lê Huỳnh Đức, Vietnamese footballer
    • Carmen Electra, American actress and singer
    • Željko Joksimović, Serbian singer, composer songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer
    • Marko Kon, Serbian composer, producer and singer
    • Stephen Marley, Jamaican-American musician
  • April 23Choky Ice, Hungarian porn actor
  • April 24
    • Chad I Ginsburg, American musician and record producer (CKY)
    • Chipper Jones, American baseball player
  • April 26Avi Nimni, Israeli footballer
  • April 29Fredrik Kempe, Swedish songwriter and opera and pop singer
  • April 30Takako Tokiwa, Japanese actress

May

File:Dwayne Johnson Hercules 2014 (cropped).jpg

Dwayne Johnson

File:Daniela Silivaş 1987.jpg

Daniela Silivas

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Ray Whitney

  • May 1Julie Benz, American actress
  • May 2
    • Paul Adcock, English footballer
    • Dwayne Johnson, American professional wrestler and actor
  • May 3Vyacheslav Kozlov, Russian hockey player
  • May 4Mike Dirnt, American rock musician and bassist (Green Day)
  • May 5James Cracknell, British Olympic winning rower
  • May 6
    • Janne Blomqvist, Finnish swimmer
    • Martin Brodeur, Canadian hockey goaltender
    • Naoko Takahashi, Japanese long-distance runner
  • May 7Asghar Farhadi, Iranian film director
  • May 8
    • Darren Hayes, Australian musician
    • Ray Whitney, Canadian former NHL player
  • May 9
    • Lisa Ann, American pornographic actress
    • Daniela Silivaș, Romanian gymnast
  • May 10
    • Radosław Majdan, Polish goalkeeper
    • Katja Seizinger, German alpine skier
  • May 15Richard Blackwood, English comedian, actor and rapper
  • May 16Derek Mears, American actor/stuntman
  • May 17
    • Tyson Cane, American gay pornographic actor
    • Roman Genn, Russian artist
  • May 19
    • Jenny Berggren, Swedish rock singer (Ace of Base)
    • Claudia Karvan, Australian actress
    • Stephanie Nadolny, American voice actress and singer
  • May 20
    • Andreas Lundstedt, Swedish singer and actor (Alcazar)
    • Busta Rhymes, African-American rapper and actor
  • May 21
    • The Notorious B.I.G., African-American rapper (d. 1997)
    • Kaoru Fujino, Japanese voice actress
  • May 22Max Brooks, American horror author and screenwriter
  • May 23Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian race car driver
  • May 25
    • Karan Johar, Indian film director, producer, and screenwriter
    • Jules Jordan, American pornographic movie director, actor, and producer
  • May 26Ahmad Dhani, Indonesian rock musician, songwriter, arranger, and producer
  • May 28Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
  • May 29Stanislas Renoult, French singer
  • May 30Manny Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
  • May 31
    • Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier
    • Dave Roberts, American baseball player

June

File:Wayne Brady 2010.jpg

Wayne Brady

File:Karl Urban by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Karl Urban

File:Ricardo RikRok Ducent.jpg

Rikrok

File:Zidane Zizu.jpg

Zinedine Zidane

File:Бутырская Мария.jpg

Maria Butyrskaya

  • June 1Rick Gomez, American actor
  • June 2
    • Wayne Brady, African-American comedian
    • Wentworth Miller, American actor and screenwriter
  • June 4
    • Derian Hatcher, American ice hockey player
    • Debra Stephenson, English actress
    • Stoja, Serbian pop-folk singer
  • June 5
    • Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
    • Paweł Kotla, Polish conductor
    • Chokoleit, Filipino comedian and actor
  • June 6Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer
  • June 7Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • June 8Chapman To, Hong Kong actor
  • June 10Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
  • June 14Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist
  • June 15Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
  • June 16John Cho, Korean-American actor and musician
  • June 17
    • Iztok Čop, Slovenian rower
    • Rikrok, British-Jamaican singer
  • June 18Roger "Infernus" Tiegs, Norwegian black metal musician, original member of Gorgoroth
  • June 19
    • Jean Dujardin, French actor, comedian, and film director
    • Rayveness, American porn actress
  • June 20Shane Hamman, American Olympic weightlifter and powerlifter
  • June 21Irene van Dyk, South African–born netball player
  • June 22Miguel del Toro, Mexican baseball player
  • June 23Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
  • June 24
    • Robbie McEwen, Australian professional road bicycle racer
    • Denis Žvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • June 25Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • June 28
    • Maria Butyrskaya, Russian figure skater
    • Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
  • June 29
    • Samantha Smith, American peace activist (d. 1985)
    • Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer
  • June 30Molly Parker, Canadian actress

July

File:Robert-esmie.jpg

Robert Esmie

File:Sofía Vergara May 2014 (cropped).jpg

Sofía Vergara

File:Andrew Holness.png

Andrew Holness

File:Maya Rudolph.jpg

Maya Rudolph

File:Greg Lauren and Elizabeth Berkley (cropped).jpg

Elizabeth Berkley

File:Wil Wheaton by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Wil Wheaton

  • July 3Asha Gill, British-born television host
  • July 4
    • Alexei Shirov, Spanish chess Grandmaster
    • Craig Spearman, New Zealand cricketer
  • July 5 -- Robert Esmie, American Olympic athlete
  • July 6Mark Gasser, British concert pianist
  • July 7
    • Stoney Case, American football player
    • Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
  • July 8Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • July 10
    • Sofía Vergara, Colombian actress and former TV personality/model
    • Tilo Wolff, German musician
  • July 12
    • Travis Best, American basketball player
    • Jake Wood, English actor
  • July 13Sean Waltman, American professional wrestler
  • July 14Masami Suzuki, Japanese voice actress
  • July 19Daedalus Howell, American writer and filmmaker
  • July 21Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • July 22
    • Andrew Holness, 9th Prime Minister of Jamaica
    • Keyshawn Johnson, African-American football player
  • July 23Marlon Wayans, African-American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • July 26Nathan Buckley, Australian rules footballer
  • July 27
    • Takako Fuji, Japanese actress
    • Maya Rudolph, African-American actress, comedian
    • Takashi Shimizu, Japanese director
  • July 28
    • Elizabeth Berkley, American actress
    • Yum Jung-ah, South Korean actress
  • July 29Wil Wheaton, American actor
  • July 31Tami Stronach, Iranian-born dancer and former actress

August

File:Ben Affleck by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg

Ben Affleck

File:CameronDiazByCarolineRenouard2010.jpg

Cameron Diaz

  • August 1
    • Marc Costanzo, Canadian musician
    • Devon Hughes, American professional wrestler
  • August 2
    • Chris Bender, American musician (d. 1991)
    • Kelly Richardson, Canadian contemporary artist
  • August 3Patrik Isaksson, Swedish singer and songwriter
  • August 6Geri Halliwell, British pop singer (Spice Girls)
  • August 7
    • Sarah Cawood, British television presenter
    • Karen Disher, American voice actress
    • Brad Patton, Swedish pornographic actor
  • August 9A-mei, Taiwanese singer
  • August 10Angie Harmon, American actress
  • August 11Jonathon Prandi, American model and actor
  • August 12
    • Demir Demirkan, Turkish rock musician and songwriter
    • Jonathan Coachman, American World Wrestling Entertainment announcer
  • August 13Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • August 14
    • Takako Honda, Japanese voice actress
    • Yoo Jae-suk, South Korean comedian and television comedy show host
    • Ed O'Bannon, American basketball player
  • August 15
    • Ben Affleck, American actor and film director
    • Mikey Graham, Irish singer (Boyzone)
  • August 16
    • Frankie Boyle, Scottish comedian
    • Emily Robison, American country music performer (Dixie Chicks)
  • August 17Ken Ryker, American pornographic actor
  • August 18Leo Ku, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • August 19Sammi Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • August 20Chaney Kley, American actor (d. 2007)
  • August 23Anthony Calvillo, Canadian Football League quarterback
  • August 25Marvin Harrison, American football player
  • August 26Samar Kokash, Syrian actress and voice actress
  • August 27
    • Jimmy Pop, American musician
    • Mike Smith, Canadian actor
  • August 29Bae Yong-joon, South Korean actor
  • August 30
    • Cameron Diaz, American actress
    • Pavel Nedvěd, Czech footballer

September

File:Vebjorn Rodal Klabu2010.jpg

Vebjorn Rodal

File:GwynethPaltrowByAndreaRaffin2011.jpg

Gwyneth Paltrow

File:Dita Von Teese Cannes 2013.jpg

Dita Von Teese

  • September 2Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • September 4Françoise Yip, Chinese-Canadian actress
  • September 6
    • Idris Elba, English actor
    • Martin Gooch, English filmmaker
    • Anika Noni Rose, American actress
  • September 7Sean Daley, American hip-hop musician (Atmosphere)
  • September 8
    • Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American disc jockey and political satirist
    • Os du Randt, South African rugby player
    • Tomokazu Seki, Japanese voice actor
  • September 9Natasha Kaplinsky, English newsreader
  • September 10
    • Sara Groves, American Christian musician
    • Bledar Sejko, Albanian guitarist, composer, and singer
    • Ghada Shouaa, Syrian athlete
    • Rio Tahara, Japanese snowboarder
  • September 12Budi Putra, Indonesian journalist, writer and blogger
  • September 13Kelly Chen, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • September 15
    • Queen Letizia of Spain
    • Jimmy Carr, British comedian
  • September 16
    • Sprent Dabwido, Nauruan politician
    • Alessandro "Lord Vampyr" Nunziati, Italian singer, record producer and writer (Theatres des Vampires, Cain, Lord Vampyr's Shadowsreign)
    • Vebjorn Rodal, Norwegian Olympic athlete
  • September 17Bobby Lee, Asian-American comedian
  • September 19
    • Jim Druckenmiller, National Football League quarterback
    • Ashot Nadanian, Armenian chess player, theoretician and coach
  • September 21
    • Liam Gallagher, British singer (Oasis)
    • Jon Kitna, American football player
  • September 22
    • Dana Vespoli, American porn actress and director
    • Matthew Rush, American gay pornographic actor
  • September 23
    • Ana Marie Cox, American author and blogger
    • Karl Pilkington, English radio producer
  • September 24Karyn Bosnak, American author
  • September 26Shawn Stockman, American singer and musician (Boyz II Men)
  • September 27
    • Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player
    • Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress
  • September 28Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • September 29Robert Webb, comedian and actor
  • September 30
    • Ari Behn, Norwegian author
    • José Lima, Dominican baseball player (d. 2010)
    • Shaan, Indian singer

October

File:Eminem DJ Hero.jpg

Eminem

File:GabrielleUnionFeb09.jpg

Gabrielle Union

File:Sandra Kim.jpg

Sandra Kim

File:Tarkan (9).jpg

Tarkan

  • October 1Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • October 2Konstantinos Papadakis, Greek pianist
  • October 3
    • Kim Joo-hyuk, South Korean actor
    • Guy Oseary, Israeli-American businessman
  • October 4Van Darkholme, Vietnamese-American gay pornographic actor, director, and photographer
  • October 5
    • Aaron Guiel, Canadian baseball player
    • Grant Hill, African-American basketball player
  • October 6
    • Anders Iwers, Swedish musician
    • Ko So-young, South Korean actress
    • J. J. Stokes, American football player
  • October 8Kim Myung-min, South Korean actor
  • October 9Etan Patz, missing American schoolboy
  • October 10Jun Lana, Filipino playwright and screenwriter
  • October 11Claudia Black, Australian actress
  • October 12Mechele Linehan, American murderer
  • October 15Sandra Kim, Belgian singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1986 winner
  • October 17
    • Eminem, American rapper and actor
    • Sharon Leal, American actress and director
    • Tarkan, Turkish singer
  • October 19Sayaka Aoki, Japanese voice actress
  • October 21
    • Evgeny Afineevsky, Russian-born American film director and producer.
    • Masakazu Morita, Japanese voice actor
    • Evhen Tsybulenko, Ukrainian professor of international law
  • October 22
    • D'Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
    • Saffron Burrows, British actress
  • October 24
    • Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
    • Scott Peterson, American convicted murderer
    • Pat Williams, American football player
  • October 27
    • Lee Clark, English footballer
    • Elissa, Lebanese singer
    • Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
    • Maria de Lurdes Mutola, Mozambican athlete
    • Brad Radke, American baseball player
  • October 28
    • Terrell Davis, American football player
    • Brad Paisley, American country music singer-songwriter
  • October 29
    • Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
    • Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
    • Gabrielle Union, American actress
  • October 31Matt Dawson, English rugby player and TV personality

November

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Eric Dane

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Josh Duhamel

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File:Arjun Rampal 12.jpg

Arjun Rampal

  • November 1
    • Mario Barth, German comedian
    • Toni Collette, Australian actress, singer, and musician
    • Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model
    • Naoki Yanagi, Japanese voice actor
  • November 2
    • Vladimir Vorobiev, Russian ice hockey player
    • Samantha Womack, British actress
  • November 4Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
  • November 5Krassimir Avramov, Bulgarian singer and songwriter
  • November 6
    • Adonis Georgiades, Greek historian and politician, Greek Minister of Health
    • Thandie Newton, British actress
    • Rebecca Romijn, American actress and model
  • November 7Danny Grewcock, British rugby player
  • November 8
    • Maja Marijana, Serbian pop-folk singer
    • Gretchen Mol, American actress
  • November 9
    • Eric Dane, American actor
    • Doug Russell, American sports media personality
    • Naomi Shindō, Japanese voice actor
  • November 10
    • Lou Brutus, American radio host, musician and photographer
    • Shawn Green, American baseball player
  • November 11Adam Beach, Canadian actor
  • November 13Takuya Kimura, Japanese actor
  • November 14
    • Matt Bloom, American wrestler
    • Josh Duhamel, American actor and model
    • Jonathan Slinger, British actor
  • November 15Jonny Lee Miller, English American actor
  • November 16
    • Aurelia Dobre, Romanian artistic gymnast
    • Missi Pyle, American actress and singer
  • November 23
    • Veronica Avluv, American porn actress
    • Alf-Inge Håland, Norwegian footballer
  • November 26Arjun Rampal, Indian actor
  • November 28Jesper Strömblad, Swedish musician
  • November 29Andreas Goldberger, Austrian ski jumper
  • November 30Christopher Fitzgerald, American actor

December

File:Alyssa Milano.jpg

Alyssa Milano

File:Daniel Alfredsson 2013-05-24.JPG

Daniel Alfredsson

File:Jude Law - Headshot.jpg

Jude Law

  • December 4
    • Marc Bator, German journalist and television presenter
    • Yūko Miyamura, Japanese voice actress, actress and singer
  • December 5Cole Youngblood, American pornographic actor
  • December 6Mónica Santa María, Peruvian model and TV host (d. 1994)
  • December 7
    • Hermann Maier, Austrian skier
    • Tammy Lynn Sytch, American wrestling manager and personality
    • Jason Winer, American actor, comedian, writer, director and producer
  • December 9Tré Cool, American rock musician and drummer (Green Day)
  • December 10Brian Molko, American musician (Placebo)
  • December 11Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish-Canadian former ice hockey player
  • December 12
    • Wilson Kipketer, Danish athlete
    • Brandon Teena, American murder victim (d. 1993)
  • December 13Chris Grant, Australian footballer
  • December 14Miranda Hart, British Comedian and Actress
  • December 15
    • Rodney Harrison, American football player
    • Lee Jung-jae, South Korean actor
    • Stuart Townsend, Irish actor
  • December 16Angela Bloomfield, New Zealand actress
  • December 17
    • John Abraham, Indian actor
    • Laurie Holden, American-Canadian actress and human rights activist
  • December 19
    • Alyssa Milano, American actress
    • Rosa Blasi, American actress
    • Warren Sapp, American football player
  • December 22Vanessa Paradis, French singer and actress
  • December 23
    • Morgan, Italian singer, composer, multi-instrumentalist and X Factor (Italy) judge
    • Christian Potenza, Canadian actor/voice actor
  • December 24Klaus Schnellenkamp, German-Chilean author
  • December 25
    • Josh Freese, American musician and drummer
    • Qu Yunxia, Chinese middle-distance runner
  • December 26Shane Meadows, English director
  • December 27Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby player
  • December 28
    • Patrick Rafter, Australian tennis player
    • Adam Vinatieri, American football player
  • December 29Jude Law, British actor
  • December 30Kerry Collins, American football player
  • December 31Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer (New Kids on the Block)

Date unknown

  • Imaani, English singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1998 runner-up
  • Marente de Moor, Dutch writer
  • Jakob Martin Strid, Danish cartoonist
  • Artur Żurawski, Polish cinematographer and director

Deaths

January

File:Frederick IX of Denmark.jpg

Frederick IX of Denmark

File:Mahalia Jackson 1962, van Vechten, LC-USZ62-91314.jpg

Mahalia Jackson

February

File:Maria Goeppert-Mayer.jpg

Maria Goeppert-Mayer

March

  • March 4Harold Barrowclough, New Zealand general, lawyer, and chief justice (b. 1894)
  • March 11
    • Fredric Brown, American science fiction and mystery writer (b. 1906).
    • Zack Wheat, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1888)
  • March 13
    • Len Ford, American football player (Cleveland Browns) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1926)
    • Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
  • March 16Pie Traynor, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
  • March 20Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
  • March 21David McCallum, Sr., British violinist and father of actor David McCallum (b. 1897)
  • March 23Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (b. 1895)
  • March 27
    • Sharkey Bonano, American jazz musician (b. 1904)
    • M. C. Escher, Dutch artist (b. 1898)
  • March 29J. Arthur Rank, British industrialist and film producer (b. 1888)

April

File:Ferde Grofé.jpg

Ferde Grofé

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1994-034-22A, Heinrich Lübke.jpg

Heinrich Lübke

File:Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg

Kwame Nkrumah

  • April 2
    • Franz Halder, German general (b. 1884)
    • Gil Hodges, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • April 3Ferde Grofé, American pianist and composer (b. 1892)
  • April 4
    • Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., African-American politician (b. 1908)
    • Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (b. 1902)
  • April 5
    • Brian Donlevy, American actor (b. 1901)
    • Isabel Jewell, American actress (b. 1907)
  • April 6Heinrich Lübke, 6th President of Germany (b. 1894)
  • April 7
    • Betty Blythe, American actress (b. 1893)
    • Abeid Karume, President of Zanzibar (b. 1905)
    • August Zaleski, former President of Poland (b. 1883)
  • April 9James F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State and Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1879)
  • April 11George H. Plympton, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • April 13Dorothy Dalton, American actress (b. 1893)
  • April 16Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • April 25George Sanders, British actor (b. 1906)
  • April 26Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
  • April 27Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian politician, 1st President of Ghana (b. 1909)
  • April 30Gia Scala, British actress (b. 1934)

May

File:FBIHoover.jpg

J. Edgar Hoover

File:Edward Prince of Wales during his visit to Canada in 1919.jpg

King Edward VIII

  • May 2J. Edgar Hoover, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (b. 1895)
  • May 3Bruce Cabot, American actor (b. 1904)
  • May 4Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • May 5
    • Martiros Saryan, Armenian painter (b. 1880)
    • Frank Tashlin, American film director (b. 1913)
  • May 6Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish revolutionary (b. 1947)
  • May 12Steve Ihnat, American actor (b. 1934)
  • May 13Dan Blocker, American actor (Bonanza) (b. 1928)
  • May 18Sidney Franklin, American film director (b. 1893)
  • May 22
    • Cecil Day-Lewis, British poet (b. 1904)
    • Dame Margaret Rutherford, English actress (b. 1892)
  • May 23Richard Day, Canadian art director (b. 1896)
  • May 24
    • Asta Nielsen, Danish silent film actress (b. 1881)
    • Ismail Yassine, Egyptian comedian and actor (b. 1912)
  • May 28 – The Duke of Windsor (the former King Edward VIII; b. 1894)
  • May 29Prithviraj Kapoor, Indian actor and director (b. 1901)
  • May 31Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)

June

  • June 10Edward Milford, Australian general (b. 1894)
  • June 12
    • Saul Alinsky, American political activist (b. 1909)
    • Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Austrian biologist (b. 1901)
    • Edmund Wilson, American writer and critic (b. 1895)
  • June 13
  • June 18Milton Humason, American astronomer (b. 1891)
  • June 22Vladimir Durković, Serbian footballer (b. 1937)
  • June 25Jan Matulka, American painter (b. 1890)

July

File:Talal of Jordan.jpg

King Talal of Jordan

File:Ralph Craig.jpg

Ralph Craig

  • July 2Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
  • July 5Raúl Leoni, President of Venezuela (b. 1905)
  • July 6Brandon deWilde, American actor (b. 1942)
  • July 7 – King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
  • July 21
    • Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
    • King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck of Bhutan (b. 1929)
  • July 22Max Aub, Mexican-Spanish novelist (b. 1903)
  • July 24Lance Reventlow, American playboy and race car driver (b. 1936)
  • July 25Américo Castro, Spanish historian and philologist (b. 1885)
  • July 27 – Count Richard Nikolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian-Japanese politician, geopolitician and philosopher (b. 1894)
  • July 28Helen Traubel, American soprano (b. 1903)
  • July 31
    • Alfons Gorbach, Austrian politician, former Federal Chancellor (b. 1903)
    • Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian statesman and diplomat, former Prime Minister and Secretary General of NATO (b. 1899)

August

September

File:Warren Kealoha 1924.jpg

Warren Kealoha

  • September 1He Xiangning, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, politician, painter and poet (b. 1878)
  • September 2Ivan Yumashev, Soviet admiral (b. 1895)
  • September 5 (Munich massacre):
    • Yossef Romano, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1940)
    • Moshe Weinberg, Israeli wrestling coach (b. 1939)
  • September 6 (Munich massacre):
    • David Mark Berger, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
    • Ze'ev Friedman, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
    • Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestling referee (b. 1932)
    • Eliezer Halfin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1948)
    • Amitzur Shapira, Israeli athletics coach (b. 1932)
    • Kehat Shorr, Israeli shooting coach (b. 1919)
    • Mark Slavin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1954)
    • Andre Spitzer, Israeli fencing coach (b. 1945)
    • Yakov Springer, Israeli weightlifting judge (b. c. 1921)
  • September 8Warren Kealoha, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1904)
  • September 11Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
  • September 12William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
  • September 14Lane Chandler, American actor (b. 1899)
  • September 15
    • Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
    • H. Kent Hewitt, American admiral (b. 1887)
  • September 17
    • Thomas L. Sprague, American admiral (b. 1894)
    • Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (b. 1899)
  • September 19Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
  • September 21Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
  • September 26
    • Charles Correll, American radio actor (b. 1890)
    • Robert E. Dolan, American composer (b. 1906)

October

File:Louis Leakey.jpg

Louis Leakey

File:Sikorsky, Igor.jpg

Igor Sikorsky

  • October 1Louis Leakey, British paleontologist (b. 1903)
  • October 5Ivan Yefremov, Soviet paleontologist and science fiction author (b. 1907)
  • October 9
    • Dave Bancroft, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1891)
    • Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
  • October 16Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1886)
  • October 18Esma Cannon, British actress (b. 1905)
  • October 20Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (b. 1885)
  • October 24
    • Jackie Robinson, African-American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1919)
    • Claire Windsor, American actress (b. 1892)
  • October 26Igor Sikorsky, Russian aviation engineer (b. 1889)
  • October 28Mitchell Leisen, American film director (b. 1898)
  • October 29Victor Milner, American cinematographer (b. 1893)

November

File:Ezra Pound passport photograph undated.jpg

Ezra Pound

File:Arnold Jackson 1912.jpg

Arnold Jackson

December

File:Antonio Segni Official.jpg

Antonio Segni

File:Harry S. Truman.jpg

Harry Truman

File:Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg

Lester B. Pearson

  • December 1
    • Antonio Segni, Italian politician, 34th Prime Minister of Italy (1955–1957, 1959–1960), and 4th President of Italy (b. 1891)
    • Andreas Tzimas, Greek communist politician and Resistance leader (b. 1909)
  • December 2
    • Ettore Bastico, Italian field marshal (b. 1876)
    • José Limón, Mexican choreographer (b. 1908)
    • Yip Man, master of Wing Chun Kung Fu (b. 1893)
  • December 3Bill Johnson, American musician (b. 1872)
  • December 6Janet Munro, British actress (b. 1934)
  • December 9
    • William Dieterle, German film director (b. 1893)
    • Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
  • December 12Thomas H. Robbins, Jr., American admiral (b. 1900)
  • December 15Edward Earle, Canadian actor (b. 1882)
  • December 20Gabby Hartnett, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1900)
  • December 21Paul Hausser, German Waffen SS general (b. 1880)
  • December 22Jimmy Wallington, American radio personality (b. 1907)
  • December 23Andrei Tupolev, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1888).
  • December 24
    • Charles Atlas, Italian-American strongman and sideshow performer (b. 1892)
    • Gisela Richter, English art historian (b. 1882)
    • Daniel McVey, Australian public servant (b. 1892)
  • December 25C. Rajagopalachari, Indian politician and freedom-fighter. Last Governor-General of India (1948–50) (b. 1878)
  • December 26Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States (b. 1884)
  • December 27Lester B. Pearson, 14th Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1897)
  • December 28Link Lyman, American football player (Chicago Bears) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
  • December 31Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1934)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsJohn Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer
  • ChemistryChristian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William H. Stein
  • Physiology or MedicineGerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
  • LiteratureHeinrich Böll
  • Peace – not awarded
  • EconomicsJohn Hicks, Kenneth Arrow

Other academic awards

  • Turing AwardEdsger W. Dijkstra

References

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