Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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The world population increased by 2.1% this year; the highest in history.[1]

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Events

January

  • January 2
    • Ibrox disaster: A stairway crush at the Rangers vs. Celtic football match in Glasgow, Scotland, kills 66.
    • A ban on radio and television cigarette advertisements goes into effect in the United States.[2]
  • January 3BBC Open University begins in the United Kingdom.
  • January 5 – The 1st ever ODI cricket match is played between Australia & England at the M.C.G.
  • January 8Tupamaros kidnap Geoffrey Jackson, British ambassador to Uruguay, in Montevideo, keeping him captive until September.
  • January 9Uruguayan president Jorge Pacheco Areco demands emergency powers for 90 days due to kidnappings, and receives them the next day.
  • January 12 – The landmark television sitcom All in the Family, starring Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, debuts on CBS.
  • January 14 – Seventy Brazilian political prisoners are released in Santiago, Chile; Giovanni Enrico Bucher is released January 16.
  • January 15 – The Aswan High Dam officially opens in Egypt.
  • January 18 – Strikes in Poland demand the resignation of Interior Minister Kazimierz Świtała. He resigns January 23 and is replaced by Franciszek Szlachcic.
  • January 19 – Representatives of 23 western oil companies begin negotiations with OPEC in Tehran to stabilize oil prices; February 14 they sign a treaty with 6 Khalij el-Arab countries.
  • January 24 – The Guinean government sentences to death 92 Guineans who helped Portuguese troops in the failed landing attempts in November 1970; 72 are sentenced to hard labor for life; 58 of the sentenced are hanged the next day.
  • January 25
    • In Uganda, Idi Amin deposes Milton Obote in a coup, and becomes president.
    • In Los Angeles, Charles Manson and 3 female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate–LaBianca murders.
    • Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.
    • Intelsat IV (F2) is launched; it enters commercial service over the Atlantic Ocean March 26.
  • January 31Apollo program: Apollo 14 (carrying astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell) lifts off on the third successful lunar landing mission.
File:AswanHighDam Egypt.jpg

January 15: Aswan Dam opens in Egypt.

February

  • February 4 – In Britain, Rolls-Royce goes bankrupt and is nationalised.
  • February 5Apollo 14 lands on the Moon.
  • February 7
    • An earthquake in the city of Tuscania, Italy kills 31.
    • Switzerland gives women voting rights in state elections, but not in all canton-specific ones.
    • Władysław Gomułka is expelled from the Central Council of the Polish Communist Party.
  • February 8 – A new stock market index called the Nasdaq Composite debuts.
  • February 9
    • The 6.5–6.7 Mw Sylmar earthquake hits the Greater Los Angeles Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing 64 and injuring 2,000.
    • Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to become voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame from the Negro League.
    • Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing.
  • February 11 – The US, UK, USSR and others sign the Seabed Treaty, outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor.
  • February 11February 12 – Palestinian and Jordanian fighters clash in Amman.
  • February 13Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
  • February 15
    • Decimal Day: – The United Kingdom and Ireland both switch to decimal currency (see also decimalisation).
    • Protesting Belgian farmers bring 3 live cows to crash the EEC meeting in Brussels.
  • February 16 – In Italy, a local parliament elects the city of Catanzaro as the capital of Calabria; residents of Reggio di Calabria riot for 5 days because of the decision.
  • February 20
    • Fifty tornadoes rage in Mississippi, killing 74 people.
    • The U.S. Emergency Broadcast System sends an erroneous warning, meant to be a standard weekly test conducted by NORAD in Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado; many radio stations just ignore it. The most notorious warning was of WOWO (AM) in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • February 21 – The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.
  • February 26 – Secretary General U Thant signs the United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
  • February 27 – Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform abortus provocatus.
  • February 28Evel Knievel sets a world record and jumps 19 cars in Ontario, California.
File:Apollo 14 Shepard.jpg

February 5: Apollo 14 on Moon

File:Tuscania.jpg

February 7: Earthquake kills 31 in Tuscania, Italy.

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February 20: Tornadoes kill 74 in Mississippi.

March

  • March 1
    • A bomb explodes in the men's room at the United States Capitol; the Weather Underground claims responsibility.
    • Pakistani President Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending National Assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.
    • Canadian John Robarts ends his term of office as the 17th Premier of Ontario.
  • March 4 – The southern part of Quebec, and especially Montreal, receive 16½" (42 cm) of snow in what becomes known as the Century's Snowstorm (la tempête du siècle).
  • March 5 – The Pakistani army occupies East Pakistan. In Belfast, a Led Zeppelin show includes the first public performance of Stairway to Heaven, a song from the fourth album.
  • March 6 – A fire in a mental hospital at Burghölzli, Switzerland, kills 28 people.
  • March 7
    • The British postal workers' strike, led by UPW General Secretary Tom Jackson, ends after 47 days.
    • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, political leader of then East Pakistan (present day-Bangladesh), delivers his famous speech in the Racecourse Field in Dhaka, calling on the masses to be prepared to fight for national independence.
  • March 8
    • The Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI breaks into the Media, Pennsylvania offices of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and removes all the files.
    • 'Fight of the Century': Boxer Joe Frazier defeats Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden.
  • March 12Hafez al-Assad becomes president of Syria.
  • March 12March 13The Allman Brothers Band plays their legendary concert at the Fillmore East.
  • March 16Trygve Bratteli forms a government in Norway.
  • March 18 – A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashes into Yanawayin Lake, killing 200.
  • March 23 – General Alejandro Lanusse of Argentina takes power in a military coup.
  • March 25 – The Pakistani army starts Operation Searchlight in East Pakistan from midnight, after President Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, a military ruler, voids election results that gave the Awami League an overwhelming majority in the parliament.
  • March 26
    • East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) independence is declared by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and transmitted using East Pakistan Rifles (now Border Guards Bangladesh) radio.[3]
    • Nihat Erim (a former CHP member) forms the new government of Turkey (33rd government,composed mostly of technocrats).
  • March 27East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) independence is repeatedly declared by Army Major (later President of Bangladesh) Ziaur Rahman on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from Kalurghat Radio Station, Chittagong.
  • March 28The Ed Sullivan Show airs its final episode.
  • March 29
    • U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley is found guilty of 22 murders in the My Lai Massacre and sentenced to life in prison (he is later pardoned).
    • A Los Angeles jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and 3 female followers.

April

  • April 1 – The United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership.
  • April 5
    • In Ceylon, a group calling themselves the People’s Liberation Front begins a rebellion against the Bandaranaike government.
    • Chile and East Germany establish diplomatic relations.
    • Mount Etna erupts in Sicily.
  • April 7 – Greece releases 261 political prisoners, 50 of whom are sent into internal exile.
  • April 8 – A right-wing coup attempt is exposed in Laos.
  • April 9Charles Manson is sentenced to death; in 1972, the sentence for all California Death Row inmates is commuted to life imprisonment.
  • April 12 – Palestinians retreat from Amman to the north of Jordan.
  • April 17
    • The People's Republic of Bangladesh forms, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, at Mujibnagor.
    • Libya, Syria and Egypt sign an agreement to form a confederation.
  • April 19
    • The government of Bangladesh flees to India.
    • Sierra Leone becomes a republic.
    • The Soviet Union launches Salyut 1.
    • Followers of Charles Manson, the Manson Family, are sentenced to the gas chamber.
  • April 20
    • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education: The Supreme Court of the United States rules unanimously that busing of students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation.
    • Cambodian Prime Minister Lon Nol resigns, but remains effectively in power until the next elections.
  • April 21
    • Siaka Stevens is elected the first president of Sierra Leone.
    • François Duvalier, president of Haiti, dies; his son Jean-Claude Duvalier follows him as president-for-life.
  • April 24
    • Soyuz 10 docks with Salyut 1.
    • Five hundred thousand people in Washington, D.C. and 125,000 in San Francisco march in protest against the Vietnam War.
  • April 25
    • Todor Zhivkov is re-elected as the leader of the Bulgarian Communist Party.
    • Franz Jonas is re-elected as president of Austria.
  • April 26 – The government of Turkey declares a state of siege in 11 provinces, Ankara included, due to violent demonstrations.
  • April 28 – The first number of Il Manifesto is issued in Italy.
  • April 29Bolivia nationalizes the American-owned Matilde zinc mine.
  • April 30 – The Milwaukee Bucks win the NBA World Championship, sweeping the Baltimore Bullets in 4 straight games.

May

  • May 1
    • Amtrak begins inter-city rail passenger service in the United States.
    • The Ceylonese government promises amnesty for those guerillas who surrender before April 5.
  • May 2 – In Ceylon, left-wing guerillas launch a series of assaults against public buildings.
  • May 3
    • Arsenal F.C. wins the English Division 1 football league championship at the home of their bitter rivals, Tottenham Hotspur, with Ray Kennedy scoring the winner. (Arsenal FC will go on to win the league and cup 'double' 6 days later by defeating Liverpool in the FA Cup final).
    • The Harris Poll claims that 60% of Americans are against the Vietnam War.
    • East German leader Walter Ulbricht resigns as Communist Party leader but retains the position of head of state.
    • 1971 May Day Protests: Anti-war militants attempt to disrupt government business in Washington, D.C.; police and military units arrest as many as 12,000, most of whom are later released.
  • May 5 – The US dollar floods the European currency markets and threatens especially the Deutsche Mark; the central banks of Austria, Belgium, Netherlands and Switzerland stop the currency trading.
  • May 6 – The Ceylon government begins a major offensive against the People's Liberation Front.
  • May 9
    • Arsenal FC beats Liverpool F.C. 2-1 to win the English FA Cup, thus completing the league and cup 'double'.
    • Mariner 8 fails to launch.
  • May 12 – An earthquake in Turkey destroys most of the city of Burdur.
  • May 15 – Efraim Elrom, Israeli ambassador to Turkey, is kidnapped; he is found killed in Istanbul May 25.
  • May 16 – A coup attempt is exposed and foiled in Egypt.
  • May 18
    • The U.S. Congress formally votes to end funding for the American Supersonic Transport program.
    • The Montréal Canadiens win the Stanley Cup against the Chicago Blackhawks. The Canadiens became only the second team in NHL history to win the Cup in game 7 on the road. This also marked the last NHL game that the late Jean Béliveau played.
  • May 19Mars probe program: Mars 2 is launched by the Soviet Union.
  • May 22 – An earthquake lasting 20 seconds destroys most of Bingöl, Turkey – more than 1,000 are killed, 10,000 made homeless.
  • May 23 – An air crash at Rijeka Airport, Yugoslavia kills 78 people, mostly British tourists.
  • May 26
    • Austria and the People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations.
    • Qantas agrees to pay $500,000 to bomb hoaxer-extortionist Mr. Brown (Peter Macari), who is later arrested.
  • May 27
    • Six armed passengers hijack a Romanian passenger plane and force it to fly to Vienna.
    • Christie's auctions a diamond known as Deepdene; it is later found to be artificially colored.
  • May 28 – Portugal resigns from UNESCO.
  • May 30Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched toward Mars.
  • May 31 – The birth of Bangladesh is declared by the government in exile, in territory formerly part of Pakistan.

June

  • June – Massachusetts passes its Chapter 766 laws enacting Special Education.
  • June 1Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace, claiming to represent the majority of U.S. veterans who served in Southeast Asia, speak against war protests.
  • June 6
    • Soyuz program: Soyuz 11 (Vladislav Volkov, Georgi Dobrovolski, Viktor Patsayev) is launched.
    • A midair collision between Hughes Airwest Flight 706 Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom jet fighter near Duarte, California, claims 50 lives.
  • June 10
    • The U.S. ends its trade embargo of China.
    • Corpus Thursday: A student rally on the streets of Mexico City is roughly dispersed.
  • June 11Neville Bonner becomes the first Indigenous Australian to sit in the Australian Parliament.
  • June 13
    • Vietnam War: The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers. [1].
    • Gijs van Lennep (The Netherlands) and co-driver Helmut Marko (Austria) win the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the Martini Racing Porsche 917K.
  • June 14 – Norway begins oil production in the North Sea.
  • June 17
    • Representatives of Japan and the United States sign the Okinawa Reversion Agreement, whereby the U.S. will return control of Okinawa.[4]
    • President Richard Nixon declares the U.S. War on Drugs.
  • June 18Southwest Airlines, a low-cost carrier, begins its first flights between Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio.
  • June 20 – Britain announces that Soviet space scientist Anatoli Fedoseyev has been granted asylum.
  • June 21 – Britain begins new negotiations for EEC membership in Luxembourg.
  • June 25Madagascar accuses the U.S. of being connected to the plot to oust the current government; the U.S. recalls its ambassador.
  • June 27 – Concert promoter Bill Graham closes the legendary Fillmore East, which first opened on 2nd Avenue (between 5th and 6th Streets) in New York City on March 8, 1968.
  • June 28 – Assassin Jerome A. Johnson shoots Joe Colombo in the head in a middle of an Italian-American rally, putting him in a coma.
  • June 30
    • After a successful mission aboard Salyut 1, the world's first manned space station, the crew of the Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply leaks out through a faulty valve.
    • New York Times Co. v. United States: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Pentagon Papers may be published, rejecting government injunctions as unconstitutional prior restraint.

July

  • July – Nordic Council secretariat inaugurated.
  • July 3Jim Morrison, lead singer of The Doors is found dead in his bathtub in Paris, France.
  • July 4Michael S. Hart posts the first e-book, a copy of the United States Declaration of Independence, on the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign's mainframe computer, the origin of Project Gutenberg.[5]
  • July 5Right to vote: The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, formally certified by President Richard Nixon, lowers the voting age from 21 to 18.
  • July 6Hastings Banda is proclaimed President for Life of Malawi.
  • July 9 – The United Kingdom increases its troops in Northern Ireland to 11,000.
  • July 10July 11 – Coup attempt in Morocco: 1,400 cadets take over the king's palace for 3 hours and kill 28 people; 158 rebels die when the king's troops storm the palace (10 high-ranking officers are later executed for involvement).
  • July 10Gloria Steinem makes her Address to the Women of America.
  • July 11Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
  • July 13
    • Ólafur Jóhannesson forms a government in Iceland.
    • Jordanian army troops launch an offensive against Palestinian guerillas in Jordan.
    • The Yugoslavian government begins allowing foreign companies to take their profits from the country.
    • Paced by a prodigious home run by Reggie Jackson, which hits a transformer on the roof of Tiger Stadium, the American League defeats the National League 6-4 in the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Detroit.
  • July 14Libya severs its diplomatic ties with Morocco.
  • July 15 – American President Richard Nixon announces his 1972 visit to China.
  • July 17 – Italy and Austria sign a treaty that ends the schism about South Tyrol.
  • July 18 – The Trucial States are formed in the Persian Gulf.
  • July 19 – The South Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at Script error: No such module "convert"., making it the second tallest building in the world.
  • July 19July 23 – Major Hashem al-Atta ousts Jaafar Muhammad al-Nimeiri in a military coup in Sudan. Fighting continues until on July 22, when pro-Nimeiri troops win. Al-Atta and 3 officers are executed.
  • July 25July 30Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli records in Munich two Debussy works for Deutsche Grammophon; it's his fifth recording.
  • July 26Apollo 15 (carrying astronauts David Scott, Alfred Worden, and James Irwin) is launched.
  • July 28Abdel Khaliq Mahjub, Sudanese communist leader, is hanged.
  • July 29 – The United Kingdom opts out of the Space Race, with the cancellation of its Black Arrow launch vehicle.
  • July 30 – In Japan, an All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 collides with a Japanese fighter jet; 162 people are killed.
  • July 31Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin become the first to ride in a lunar rover, a day after landing on the Moon.

August

  • August – Camden, New Jersey erupts in race riots following the beating death of a Puerto Rican motorist by city police. Looting and arson occurred. This is a turning point in Camden's decline to one of the poorest and highest-crime municipalities in the United States. Camden was, however, the site of a 1949 shooting rampage by Howard Unruh, considered by some to be the first mass murderer in the United States. The riots result in the demise of Camden's Sears and A&P branches. Also in 1971, Philadelphia International Records is established, with Camden native Leon Huff as co-founder.
  • August 1 – In New York City, 40,000 attend The Concert for Bangladesh.
  • August 2J. C. Penney debuts its trademark Helvetica wordmark which has been used ever since.
  • August 5 – The South Pacific Forum (SPF) is established.
  • August 6 – A lunar eclipse lasting 1 hour, 40 minutes, and 4 seconds is observed.
  • August 7Apollo 15 returns to Earth.
  • August 9
    • India signs a 20-year treaty of friendship and cooperation with the Soviet Union.
    • Internment in Northern Ireland: British security forces arrest hundreds of nationalists and detain them without trial in Long Kesh prison; 20 people die in the riots that follow.
  • August 11 – Construction begins on the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans.
  • August 12
    • Three thousand people from Belfast and Derry flee to the Republic of Ireland because of the violence.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
    • Syria severs diplomatic relations with Jordan because of border clashes.
  • August 14
    • British troops are stationed on the Ireland border to stop arms smuggling.
    • Bahrain declares independence as the State of Bahrain (Kingdom of Bahrain as of February 2002).
  • August 15
    • Jackie Stewart becomes Formula One World Drivers' Champion in the Tyrrell 003-Cosworth.
    • The number of British troops in Northern Ireland is raised to 12,500.
    • President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. He also imposes a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.
  • August 18
    • Vietnam War: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam.
    • British troops are engaged in a firefight with the IRA in Derry, Northern Ireland.
  • August 19August 22 – A right-wing coup ignites a rebellion in Bolivia. Miners and students join troops to support president Juan José Torres, but eventually Hugo Banzer takes over.
  • August 20
    • International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat) (effective 12 February 1973).
    • The USS Manatee (AO-58) spills Script error: No such module "convert". of fuel oil on President Nixon's Western White House beach in San Clemente, California.
  • August 21 – A bomb made of two hand grenades by communist rebels explodes in the Liberal Party campaign party in Plaza Miranda in Quiapo, Manila the Philippines, injuring several anti-Marcos political candidates.
  • August 25
    • Border clashes occur between Tanzania and Uganda.
    • Bangladesh and eastern Bengal are flooded; thousands flee the area.
  • August 26 – A civilian government takes power in Greece.
  • August 30 – The Progressive Conservatives under Peter Lougheed defeat the Social Credit government under Harry E. Strom in a general election, ending 36 years of uninterrupted power for Social Credit in Alberta.

September

  • September – Operation Sourisak Montry VIII opens when forces of the Royal Thai Army recapture several positions in the territory of Laos on the south bank of the Mekong in response to an encroaching Chinese presence to the north.
  • September 3
    • Qatar gains independence from the United Kingdom. Unlike most nearby emirates, Qatar declines to become part of either the United Arab Emirates or Saudi Arabia.
    • Manlio Brosio resigns as NATO Secretary General.
  • September 4 – A Boeing 727 (Alaska Airlines Flight 1866) crashes into the side of a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.
  • September 8 – In Washington, D.C., the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass.
  • September 9September 13Attica Prison riot: – A revolt breaks out at the maximum-security prison in Attica, New York. In the end, state police and the United States National Guard storm the facility; 42 are killed, 10 of them hostages.
  • September 19Trams in Ballarat (Victoria, Australia) cease to run.
  • September 21Pakistan declares a state of emergency.
  • September 24 – Britain expels 90 KGB and GRU officials; 15 are not allowed to return.
  • September 27October 11 – Japanese Emperor Hirohito travels abroad.
  • September 28Cardinal József Mindszenty, who has taken refuge in the U.S. Embassy in Budapest since 1956, is allowed to leave Hungary.
  • September 29 – A cyclone in the Bay of Bengal, in the Indian state of Odisha, kills 10,000.

October

  • October 1Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida.
  • October 14Greenpeace is founded in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  • October 18 – In New York City, the Knapp Commission begins public hearings on police corruption.
  • October 21
    • U.S. President Richard Nixon nominates Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr. and William H. Rehnquist to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    • The Clarkston explosion in Scotland kills 22 people.
  • October 25 – The United Nations General Assembly admits the People's Republic of China and expels the Republic of China (or Taiwan).
  • October 27 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire.
  • October 28
    • The House of Commons of the United Kingdom votes 356–244 in favour of joining the European Economic Community.
    • The United Kingdom becomes the sixth nation successfully to launch a satellite into orbit using its own launch vehicle, the Prospero (X-3) experimental communications satellite, using a Black Arrow carrier rocket from Woomera, South Australia.
    • The Khedivial Opera House in Cairo (Egypt) burns down.
  • October 29Vietnam WarVietnamization: The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest since January 1966).
  • October 30 – Rev. Ian Paisley's Democratic Unionist Party is founded in Northern Ireland.
  • October 31 – A bomb explodes at the top of the Post Office Tower in London.

November

  • November 3 – The UNIX Programmer's Manual is published.
  • November 6Operation Grommet: The U.S. tests a thermonuclear warhead at Amchitka Island in Alaska, code-named Project Cannikin. At around 5 megatons, it is the largest ever U.S. underground detonation.
  • November 8 – Led Zeppelin releases their Fourth Studio album "Led Zeppelin IV", which goes on to sell 23,000,000 copies.
  • November 9 – A Royal Air Force C-130 crashes into the Ligurian Sea near Leghorn, Italy, killing all 51 people on board.
  • November 10 – In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging 9 airplanes.
  • November 12 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972, as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
  • November 13Mariner program: Mariner 9 becomes the first spacecraft to enter Mars orbit successfully.
  • November 14Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria is enthroned.
  • November 15
    • Intel releases the world's first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
    • International Organization and System of Space Communications (Intersputnik) (effective 12 July 1972).
  • November 20 – A bridge still in construction, called Elevado Engenheiro Freyssinet, falls over the Paulo de Frontin Avenue, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 48 people are killed and several injured. Reconstructed, the bridge is currently a part of the Linha Vermelha elevate.
  • November 23 – The People's Republic of China takes the Republic of China's seat on the United Nations Security Council (see China and the United Nations).
  • November 24
    • During a severe storm over Washington State, a man calling himself D. B. Cooper parachutes from the Northwest Orient Airlines plane he'd just hijacked, with US$200,000 in ransom money, and is never seen again (as of March 2008, this case remains the only unsolved skyjacking in history).
    • A Brussels court sentences pretender Alexis Brimeyer to 18 months in jail for falsely using a noble title; Brimeyer has already fled to Greece.
  • November 28 – The 59th Grey Cup Game sees the Calgary Stampeders beat the Toronto Argonauts 14-11.

December

  • December 1Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray, 10 kilometers northeast of Phnom Penh.
  • December 2 – Six Persian Gulf sheikdoms found the United Arab Emirates.
  • December 3 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 begins with Operation Chengiz Khan as Pakistan launches preemptive attacks on nine Indian airbases. The next day India launches a massive invasion of East Pakistan.
  • December 34 – The Pakistani submarine PNS Ghazi (former Template:Ship) sinks mysteriously near the Indian coast while laying mines.
  • December 4
  • December 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the 7th Fleet to move towards the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean.
  • December 10 – The John Sinclair Freedom Rally in support of the imprisoned activist features a performance by John Lennon at Crisler Arena, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  • December 11Nihat Erim forms the new government of Turkey (34th government; Nihat Erim has served two times as prime minister).
  • December 16Victory Day of Bangladesh: The Pakistan Army in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) surrenders to the freedom fighters of Bangladesh, ending the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • December 18
    • The U.S. dollar is devalued for the second time in history.
    • The world's largest hydroelectric plant in Krasnoyarsk, Soviet Union, begins operations.
  • December 19
    • Clube Atlético Mineiro wins the Brazil Football Championship.
    • Intelsat IV (F3) is launched; it enters commercial service over the Atlantic Ocean February 18, 1972.
    • The controversial dystopian crime film A Clockwork Orange directed by Stanley Kubrick is released in New York City.
  • December 24
    • Giovanni Leone is elected President of the Italian Republic.
    • Juliane Koepcke survives a fall of 10,000 feet following disintegration of LANSA Flight 508.
  • December 25
  • December 29 – The United Kingdom gives up its military bases in Malta.

Date unknown

  • Ray Tomlinson sends the first ARPANET e-mail between host computers.
  • The Free State of Christiania is founded.
  • Seychelles International Airport in Victoria, Seychelles (Mahe) is completed.
  • Crude oil production peaks in the continental United States at approximately Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • The Center for Science in the Public Interest is established.
  • The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism is established.
  • The British crime magazine Master Detective, in an attempt to capitalize on the murder of Diane Maxwell, illegally takes photo negatives from Houston, Texas and uses them for a 1971 edition.
  • Kamuzu Banda, president of Malawi, becomes the first Black President to visit South Africa.

Births

January

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Jeremy Renner

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Pep Guardiola

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Seamus O'Regan

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Lee Young-ae

  • January 1
    • Sammie Henson, American wrestler, Olympic silver medalist
    • Bridget Pettis, American basketball player
  • January 2
    • Lisa Harrison, American basketball player
    • Taye Diggs, African-American actor
    • Renée Elise Goldsberry, American actress, singer and songwriter
  • January 3Cory Cross, Canadian ice hockey player
  • January 5Mayuko Takata, Japanese actress
  • January 7
    • DJ Ötzi, Austrian entertainer and singer
    • Jeremy Renner, American actor, singer and producer
  • January 9Scott Thornton, Canadian hockey player
  • January 11Mary J. Blige, African-American singer
  • January 12Jay Burridge, British artist and television presenter
  • January 13 – Matt McIntosh, American rock singer
  • January 14Lasse Kjus, Norwegian alpine skier
  • January 15Regina King, African-American actress
  • January 17Kid Rock, American rock singer
  • January 18
    • Pep Guardiola, Spanish football manager
    • Seamus O'Regan, Canadian-Irish politician and former television personality
    • Fabian Ribauw, Nauruan politician
    • Jonathan Davis, American musician (Korn)
  • January 19Shawn Wayans, American actor
  • January 20Gary Barlow, British singer-songwriter
  • January 21Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player
  • January 25Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver
  • January 26Li Ming, Chinese footballer and football executive
  • January 27
    • Fann Wong, Singaporean Chinese actress, model, and singer
    • Lil Jon, American rapper and producer
  • January 29Clare Balding, British sports presenter
  • January 30Lizzie Grubman, American publicist
  • January 31
    • Lee Young-ae, South Korean actress
    • Patrick "Pat" Kielty, Northern Irish comedian and television presenter
    • Patricia Velásquez, Venezuelan actress and model

February

File:Michael C. Hall (2009).jpg

Michael C. Hall

File:Alex Borstein by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg

Alex Borstein

File:DanielPowterJan09.jpg

Daniel Powter

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Gillian Flynn

File:Denise Richards 2009.jpg

Denise Richards

  • February 1Michael C. Hall, American actor
  • February 2Andrus Veerpalu, Estonian cross-country skier
  • February 3Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999)
  • February 4Fatmir Limaj, Albanian politician
  • February 6Brian Stepanek, American actor
  • February 9Sharon Case, American model and actress
  • February 10
    • Lisa Marie Varon, American professional wrestler
    • Lorena Rojas, Mexican actress (d. 2015)
  • February 11Damian Lewis, English actor and producer
  • February 13Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • February 14
    • Kris Aquino, Filipina actress
    • Tommy Dreamer, American professional wrestler
    • Nelson Frazier, Jr., American professional wrestler (d. 2014)
  • February 15
  • Alex Borstein, American actress, voice artist, producer, and screenwriter
  • Renee O'Connor, American actress
  • February 16Amanda Holden, British actress
  • February 17Denise Richards, American actress
  • February 18Thomas Bjørn, Danish golfer
  • February 19Gil Shaham, Israeli/American violinist
  • February 20
    • Calpernia Addams, American actress
    • Jari Litmanen, Finnish footballer
  • February 23Melinda Messenger, English television presenter
  • February 24
    • Pedro de la Rosa, Spanish Formula One driver
    • Gillian Flynn, American author, comic book writer, and screenwriter
  • February 25
  • February 26Max Martin, Swedish music producer and songwriter
  • February 27Rozonda Thomas, African-American singer
  • February 28Tristan Louis, French Internet entrepreneur

March

File:Allen Johnson 2007.jpg

Allen Johnson

File:Sarsgaard at WUSTL 2007.jpg

Peter Sarsgaard

File:Johnny Knoxville by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Johnny Knoxville

File:Jon Hamm at PaleyFest 2014.jpg

Jon Hamm

File:Nathan Fillion - Guardians of the Galaxy premiere - July 2014 (cropped).jpg

Nathan Fillion

File:Ewan McGregor Cannes 2012.jpg

Ewan McGregor

  • March 1Allen Johnson, American Olympic athlete
  • March 2
    • Method Man, African-American rapper, record producer, and actor
    • Roman Čechmánek, Czech hockey goalie
    • Manami Toyota, Japanese professional wrestler
  • March 4
    • Iain Baird, Canadian soccer player
    • Shavar Ross, American actor and filmmaker
  • March 5Yuri Lowenthal, American voice actor
  • March 6Val Venis, American professional wrestler
  • March 7Peter Sarsgaard, American actor
  • March 9Kinga Rusin, Polish journalist
  • March 10Jon Hamm, American actor, director and producer
  • March 11Johnny Knoxville, American actor, comedian, and stunt performer
  • March 16Alan Tudyk, American actor
  • March 22
    • Iben Hjejle, Danish actress
    • Keegan-Michael Key, American actor, writer, and comedian
    • Will Yun Lee, Korean-American actor
  • March 23
    • Karen McDougal, American model
    • Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • March 26Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian scientist
  • March 27
    • David Coulthard, Scottish racing driver
    • Nathan Fillion, Canadian actor
  • March 29
    • Attila Csihar, Hungarian vocalist
    • Robert Gibbs, White House Press Secretary
  • March 31
    • Pavel Bure, Russian ice hockey player
    • Craig McCracken, American animator
    • Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor

April

File:2009 07 31 David Tennant smile 09.jpg

David Tennant

  • April 1Jessica Collins, American actress
  • April 2
    • Todd Woodbridge, Australian tennis player
    • Zeebra, Japanese rapper
  • April 3Picabo Street, American skier
  • April 9Jacques Villeneuve, Canadian Formula 1 race driver
  • April 11Oliver Riedel, German musician (Rammstein)
  • April 12Shannen Doherty, American actress
  • April 16
    • Peter Billingsley, American actor, director and producer
    • Moses Chan, Hong Kong actor
    • Selena, Mexican-American singer (d. 1995)
  • April 18
    • David Tennant, Scottish actor
    • Fredro Starr, African-American rapper (Onyx)
  • April 19
    • Scott McCord, Canadian voice actor
    • Wendy Powell, American voice actress
  • April 20
    • Carla Geurts, Dutch swimmer
    • Allan Houston, American basketball player
    • Mikey Welsh, American musician and artist (d. 2011)
  • April 22Daisuke Enomoto, first Japanese space tourist
  • April 29
    • Tamara Johnson-George, African-American singer (SWV)
    • Siniša Vuco, Croatian musician
  • April 30John Boyne, Irish novelist

May

File:Paul Bettany SDCC 2014.jpg

Paul Bettany

File:Marco Rubio (24999272054) (cropped) 2.jpg

Marco Rubio

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Idina Menzel

  • May 1
    • Stuart Appleby, Australian golfer
    • Ajith Kumar, Indian film actor
  • May 8Ross Anderson, American pro speed skier
  • May 12Doug Basham, American professional wrestler
  • May 14Sofia Coppola, American filmmaker
  • May 15Phil Pfister, American strength athlete
  • May 17
    • Vernie Bennett, English singer (Eternal)
    • Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
  • May 19Peter Boström, Swedish music producer and songwriter, co-writer of Euphoria
  • May 20Tony Stewart, American race car driver
  • May 23George Osborne, British politician
  • May 25Kristina Orbakaitė, Lithuanian-Russian singer and actress
  • May 26Matt Stone, American actor and producer
  • May 27
    • Mathew Batsiua, Nauruan politician
    • Paul Bettany, British actor
    • Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
    • Lisa Lopes, African-American rapper (TLC) (d. 2002)
  • May 28Marco Rubio, Cuban-American politician, U.S Senator (R-Fl.)
  • May 30Idina Menzel, American singer, songwriter and actress

June

File:Noah Wyle 2010.jpg

Noah Wyle

File:Mark Wahlberg at the Contraband movie premiere in Sydney February 2012.jpg

Mark Wahlberg

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Elon Musk

  • June 1Mario Cimarro, Cuban actor and singer
  • June 4
    • Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Noah Wyle, American actor
  • June 5
    • Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
    • Mark Wahlberg, American actor, producer, businessman, model and retired rapper formerly known as Marky Mark
  • June 8
    • Jeff Douglas, Canadian actor
    • Troy Vincent, American football player
  • June 10
    • Bobby Jindal, American Governor of Louisiana
    • Kyle Sandilands, Australian DJ, Australian Idol judge and TV presenter
  • June 11Kenjiro Tsuda, Japanese voice actor
  • June 12
    • Arman Alizad, Finnish tailor, columnist and TV personality
    • Mark Henry, American professional wrestler, former Olympian
  • June 15Isménia do Frederico, Cape Verdean sprinter
  • June 16Tupac Shakur, African-American rapper and actor (d. 1996)
  • June 17Paulina Rubio, Mexican singer
  • June 18Nathan Morris, African-American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • June 20Josh Lucas, American actor
  • June 21Anette Olzon, Swedish singer (Nightwish, Alyson Avenue)
  • June 22Kurt Warner, former American football player
  • June 25
    • Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer
    • Scott Maslen, English actor
  • June 26Max Biaggi, Italian motercycle racer
  • June 27
    • King Dipendra of Nepal (d. 2001)
    • Kieren Keke, Nauruan politician
  • June 28
    • Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Iraqi Islamic extremist leader
    • Fabien Barthez, French football player
    • Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
    • Akiko Kimura, Japanese voice actress
    • Aileen Quinn, American actress
    • Elon Musk, South African-born, Canadian-American entrepreneur, engineer, inventor and investor
  • June 29
    • Matthew Good, Canadian musician
    • Junko Noda, Japanese voice actress
  • June 30Jamie McLennan, retired professional ice hockey goaltender, radio sports analyst

July

File:Julian Assange 20091117 Copenhagen 1 cropped to shoulders.jpg

Julian Assange

File:2014-09-12 - Vitali Klitschko - 9019.jpg

Vitali Klitschko

File:Sandra Oh WGA adjusted.jpg

Sandra Oh

  • July 1
    • Amira Casar, French actress
    • Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott, African-American rapper, singer, and songwriter
  • July 3Julian Assange, Australian activist
  • July 9
    • Marc Andreessen, American software developer
    • Scott Grimes, American actor
  • July 11Brett Hauer, American ice hockey player
  • July 12
    • Robert Allenby, Australian golfer
    • Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • July 13Craig Elliott, American illustrator
  • July 14
    • Alison Bartlett-O'Reilly, American actress
    • Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
    • Joey Styles, American professional wrestling announcer
    • Howard Webb, English referee
  • July 16Corey Feldman, American actor
  • July 17Cory Doctorow, Canadian author and activist
  • July 18Penny Hardaway, American basketball player
  • July 19Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer
  • July 20Sandra Oh, Korean-Canadian actress
  • July 20DJ Screw, African-American hip hop DJ (d. 2000)
  • July 21
    • Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer-songwriter
    • Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
  • July 23
    • Ahmed Ezz, Egyptian actor
    • Alison Krauss, American country singer
    • Scott Krippayne, American Christian musician
  • July 26
    • Khaled Mahmud, Bangladeshi cricketer
    • Scott Cawthon, American independent video game developer and animator
  • July 28Jeffrey S. Williams, American sportswriter
  • July 30Tom Green, Canadian entertainer

August

File:Jeff Gordon wins Phoenix - February 27, 2011 cropped.jpg

Jeff Gordon

File:Justin Theroux at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival.JPG

Justin Theroux

File:ArmitageBAFTAs2010.jpg

Richard Armitage

File:Crashfansign.JPG

Mike Lockwood

File:Carla Gugino 2011.jpg

Carla Gugino

  • August 1Juan Camilo Mouriño, Mexican politician (d. 2008)
  • August 2Michael Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
  • August 4
    • Jeff Gordon, American race car driver
    • Yo-Yo, African-American rapper
  • August 8Ali Liebegott, American author and poet
  • August 10
    • Roy Keane, Irish footballer
    • Mario César Kindelán Mesa, Cuban amateur boxer
    • Justin Theroux, American actor
  • August 12
    • Patrick Carpentier, Canadian race car driver
    • Pete Sampras, American tennis player
    • Phil Western, Canadian musician
  • August 13
    • Moritz Bleibtreu, German actor
    • Heike Makatsch, German actress
  • August 17
    • Anthony Kearns, Irish tenor
    • Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • August 19Guido Cantz, German television presenter
  • August 20David Walliams, English comedy actor
  • August 21Robert Harvey, Australian rules footballer
  • August 22
    • Richard Armitage, English actor
    • Benoît Violier, French-born chef (d. 2016)
  • August 25
    • Mike Lockwood, American wrestler (d. 2003)
    • Ayumi Miyazaki, Japanese singer
  • August 26
    • Gaynor Faye, British actress
    • Thalía, Mexican actress and singer
  • August 27Julian Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • August 28
    • Janet Evans, American swimmer
    • Daniel Goddard, Australian actor and model
  • August 29Carla Gugino, American actress
  • August 31
    • Pádraig Harrington, Irish golfer
    • Chris Tucker, American actor and comedian

September

File:David Arquette 2013.jpg

David Arquette

File:Martin Freeman during filming of Sherlock cropped.jpg

Martin Freeman

File:Amy Poehler 2012.jpg

Amy Poehler

File:Jada Pinkett Smith at NY PaleyFest 2014 for Gotham.jpg

Jada Pinkett Smith

File:Alfonso Ribeiro.JPG

Alfonso Ribeiro

  • September 1Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer
  • September 2
    • Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian alpine skier
    • Arnold Arre, Filipino graphic novelist
    • Tommy Maddox, American football player
    • Shauna Sand, American model and actress
  • September 4Anita Yuen, Hong Kong actress
  • September 6Dolores O'Riordan, Irish singer
  • September 8
    • David Arquette, American actor
    • Brooke Burke-Charvet, American model
    • Martin Freeman, English actor
  • September 9
    • Eric Stonestreet, American actor
    • Henry Thomas, American actor
  • September 11Richard Ashcroft, English musician and former lead singer of The Verve
  • September 13Stella McCartney, British fashion designer, daughter of Paul McCartney
  • September 15Colleen O'Shaughnessey, American voice actress
  • September 16Amy Poehler, American actress
  • September 17Jens Voigt, German cyclist
  • September 18
    • Lance Armstrong, American cyclist
    • Anna Netrebko, Russian operatic soprano
    • Jada Pinkett Smith, African-American actress, singer, and songwriter
  • September 19Sanaa Lathan, African-American actress
  • September 20Henrik Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • September 21
    • Luke Wilson, American actor
    • Alfonso Ribeiro, American actor, television director, dancer, and current host of America's Funniest Home Videos
  • September 22
    • Chesney Hawkes, English singer-songwriter
    • Ted Leonard, American singer (Enchant)
  • September 23Lee Mi-yeon, South Korean actress
  • September 24Michael S. Engel, American paleontologist and entomologist
  • September 25Jessie Wallace, English actress
  • September 27Horacio Sandoval, Mexican artist
  • September 29Sibel Tüzün, Turkish pop/rock/jazz singer
  • September 30
    • Jenna Elfman, American actress
    • Jeff Whitty, American playwright

October

File:Sacha Baron Cohen, 2011.jpg

Sacha Baron Cohen

File:Snoop Dogg 2016.jpg

Snoop Dogg

File:Craig Robinson 2009.jpg

Craig Robinson

File:Actress Winona Ryder at a press conference for Frankenweenie 2012 (cropped).jpg

Winona Ryder

  • October 2
    • Xavier Naidoo, German singer
    • Tiffany, American singer
  • October 3Kevin Richardson, American pop singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • October 5Samuel Vincent, Canadian voice actor
  • October 10
    • Tiffany Mynx, American porn actress and director
    • Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
  • October 12 _ Đàm Vĩnh Hưng,Vietnamese singer
  • October 13
    • Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian and actor
    • Pyrros Dimas, Greek weightlifter
  • October 14
    • Andy Cole, English Footballer
    • Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer
  • October 16Mirko Reisser (DAIM), German graffiti-artist
  • October 17
    • Martin Heinrich, American politician and U.S. Senator (D-New Mexico); was considered for nominee Hillary Clinton's running mate for the 2016 election
    • Chris Kirkpatrick, American singer ('N Sync)
  • October 20
    • Snoop Dogg, African-American rapper
    • Dannii Minogue, Australian singer
  • October 21Jade Jagger, English jewelry designer
  • October 23Bohuslav Sobotka, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
  • October 24Caprice Bourret, American model and actress
  • October 25
    • Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
    • Midori Gotō, Japanese violinist
    • Pedro Martínez, Dominican baseball player
    • Craig Robinson, American actor, comedian and singer
  • October 29Winona Ryder, American actress

November

File:Christina Applegate 2014 Comic Con (cropped).jpg

Christina Applegate

File:Michael Strahan 2009.jpg

Michael Strahan

  • November 3Dylan Moran, Irish comedian, actor, and writer
  • November 4Tabu, Indian actress
  • November 5Jonny Greenwood, English musician and composer
  • November 7
    • Robin Finck, American guitarist (Nine Inch Nails, Guns N' Roses)
    • Rituparna Sengupta, Indian film actress
  • November 8
    • Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director
    • Tech N9ne, American rapper
  • November 10
    • Big Pun, American/Latin rapper (d. 2000)
    • Niki Karimi, Iranian actress and movie director
  • November 11David DeLuise, American actor
  • November 12Yasuo Aiuchi, Japanese snowboarder
  • November 12Chen Guangcheng, Chinese civil rights activist
  • November 14
    • Adam Gilchrist, Australian cricketer
    • Marco Leonardi, Italian actor
  • November 16Alexander Popov, Russian swimmer
  • November 17Michael Adams, British chess player
  • November 18Özlem Tekin, Turkish singer
  • November 19Sundeep Malani, Indian film director
  • November 20
    • Dion Nash, New Zealand cricket captain
    • Joel McHale, Italian-born American actor
  • November 21Michael Strahan, American-German television personality, former American football player, and actor; host of Good Morning America and NFL on FOX
  • November 22Kyran Bracken, English rugby player
  • November 23Chris Hardwick, American actor and comedian
  • November 24Keith Primeau, Canadian hockey player
  • November 25
    • Christina Applegate, American actress
    • Magnus Arvedson, Swedish hockey player
  • November 30
    • Jessalyn Gilsig, Canadian actress
    • Iván "Pudge" Rodríguez, Puerto Rican baseball player and actor

December

File:Ricky Martin in store appearance, Sydney Australia (1).jpg

Ricky Martin

File:Giorgos Alkaios 03.jpg

Giorgos Alkaios

File:Justin Trudeau 2014-1.jpg

Justin Trudeau

File:Jared Leto by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Jared Leto

  • December 1Jason Keng-Kwin Chan, Malaysian-Australian actor
  • December 2Mine Yoshizaki, Japanese manga artist
  • December 5Kali Rocha, American actress
  • December 6
    • Helena Bulaja, Croatian multimedia artist
    • Richard Krajicek, Dutch tennis player
  • December 7
    • Vladimir Akopian, Armenian chess player
    • Larisa Alexandrovna, Ukrainian-American feminist
  • December 8Abdullah Ercan, Turkish football player
  • December 10Michele Mahone, American television entertainment reporter and former make-up artist and hair stylist
  • December 12Sammy Korir, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • December 15Arne Quinze, Belgian conceptual artist
  • December 16
    • Michael McCary, African-American singer (Boyz II Men)
    • Paul van Dyk, German dance music DJ, musician and record producer
  • December 17
    • Antoine Rigaudeau, French basketball player
    • Alan Khan, South African radio DJ
    • Sinan Akkuş, Turkish-German actor
  • December 18
    • Jason Hughes, Welsh actor
    • Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, Spanish tennis player
  • December 20Simon O'Neill, New Zealand opera singer
  • December 22Khalid Khannouchi, Moroccan long-distance runner
  • December 23
  • December 24
    • Giorgos Alkaios, Greek recording artist
    • Christopher Daniels, American professional wrestler
    • Ricky Martin, Puerto Rican singer
  • December 25
    • Dido, English singer
    • Justin Trudeau, 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada
  • December 26Jared Leto, American actor and musician (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • December 31Brent Barry, American basketball player

Date unknown

  • Vic Pratt, English writer

Deaths

January

File:Coco Chanel, 1920.jpg

Coco Chanel

File:Arbenz-Vilanova.jpg

Jacobo Árbenz

  • January 4Arthur Ford, American psychic spiritual medium, clairaudient (b. 1896)
  • January 5Douglas Shearer, Canadian film sound engineer (b. 1899)
  • January 9Elmer Flick, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1876)
  • January 10Coco Chanel, French fashion designer (b. 1883)
  • January 12John Tovey, British admiral (b. 1885)
  • January 14Guillermo de Torre, Spanish Dadaist author (b. 1900)
  • January 15John Dall, American actor (b. 1918)
  • January 20Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, American actor, director, writer, and producer (b. 1880)
  • January 23Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1875)
  • January 24
    • St. John Greer Ervine, Northern Irish dramatist and author (b. 1883)
    • Bill W. (William Griffith Wilson), co-founder Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)
  • January 25
    • Barry III, Guinean politician (b. 1923)
    • Hermann Hoth, German general (b. 1885)
    • Isobel Lennart, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • January 27Jacobo Árbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
  • January 28Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • January 31Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (b. 1891)

February

File:Pierino Gabetti.JPG

Pierino Gabetti

March

  • March 5Jean Grenier, French philosopher and writer (b. 1898)
  • March 6Herbert McLean Evans, U.S. anatomist and embryologist (b. 1882)
  • March 7Barney Balaban, American studio executive (b. 1887)
  • March 8
    • Borden Chase, American screenwriter (b. 1900)
    • Harold Lloyd, American actor and filmmaker (b. 1893)
    • James Tait Plowden-Wardlaw, Vicar of St Clement’s Cambridge and a barrister (b. 1873)
  • March 9Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1902)
  • March 11
    • Philo T. Farnsworth, American television pioneer (b. 1906)
    • C. D. Broad, English philosopher (b. 1887)
  • March 12David Burns, American actor (b. 1902)
  • March 16
    • Bebe Daniels, American actress (b. 1901)
    • Thomas E. Dewey, Governor of New York; American presidential candidate (b. 1902)
  • March 17Elizabeth Okie Paxton, American painter (b. 1877)
  • March 18Leland Hayward, American film and theatrical agent (b. 1902)
  • March 19Winifred Horrabin, British socialist activist and journalist (b. 1887)
  • March 23Basil Dearden, English film director (b. 1911)
  • March 24
    • Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect and designer (b. 1902)
    • Arthur Metcalfe, Australian public servant (b. 1895)
  • March 31Karl King, United States march music (b. 1891)

April

File:Igor Stravinsky LOC 32392u.jpg

Igor Stravinsky

File:Duvalier (cropped).jpg

Papa Doc Duvalier

File:Albin Stenroos.jpg

Albin Stenroos

  • April 1Ramiro Arrue, Basque painter, illustrator, and ceramist (b. 1892)
  • April 3Joseph Valachi, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • April 6
    • Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (b. 1882)
    • Margaret Newton, Canadian plant pathologist and mycologist (b. 1887)
  • April 8Ivan Vurnik, Slovene architect that helped found the Ljubljana School of Architecture (b. 1884)
  • April 12Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • April 13Juhan Smuul, Estonian writer (b. 1922)
  • April 15Friedebert Tuglas, Estonian writer and critic (b. 1886)
  • April 16William Eckert, Commissioner of American baseball (b. 1909)
  • April 17William Corbett, American attorney, acting Governor of Guam (b. 1902)
  • April 19Earl Thomson, Canadian athlete (b. 1895)
  • April 20Cecil Parker, English actor (b. 1897)
  • April 21
    • Papa Doc Duvalier, President of Haiti (b. 1907)
    • Edmund Lowe, American actor (b. 1890)
  • April 26T. V. Soong, Republic of China businessman and politician (b. 1891)
  • April 29Nikolai P. Barabashov, Russian astronomer (b.1894)
  • April 30Albin Stenroos, Finnish athlete (b. 1889)

May

  • May 1
    • Glenda Farrell, American actress (b. 1904)
    • Cheridah de Beauvoir Stocks, the second British woman to gain a Royal Aero Club aviator licence, in 1911 (b. 1887)
  • May 2Semaun, first chairman of the Communist Party (b. 1899)
  • May 8Frederick Sheffield, American Olympic rower - Men's eights (b. 1902)
  • May 11Seán Lemass, Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1899)
  • May 12
    • Harold Lea Fetherstonhaugh, Canadian architect from Montreal, Quebec (b. 1887)
    • Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (b. 1903)
    • Heinie Manush, American baseball player (b. 1901)
  • May 15
    • Goose Goslin, American baseball player (b. 1900)
    • Sir Tyrone Guthrie, English film director, producer, and writer (b. 1900)
  • May 17 – German cinematographer, Georg Muschner (b. 1885)
  • May 18
    • G. Owen Bonawit, stained glass artist (b. 1891)
    • Bruno Villabruna, Italian lawyer and politician (b. 1884)
  • May 19
    • Ogden Nash, American poet (b. 1902)
    • Bernard Wagenaar, Dutch/American composer, conductor and violinist (b. 1894)
  • May 21Dennis King, English actor (b. 1897)
  • May 26Laurence Wild, American basketball player, coach, and 30th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1890)
  • May 27Chips Rafferty, Australian actor (b. 1909)
  • May 28
    • Eduardo Blanco Acevedo, Uruguayan political figure and physician (b. 1884)
    • Garnet Kearney, Canadian doctor, teacher, and pioneer (b. 1884)
    • Kim Iryeop, Korean writer, journalist, feminist activist, Buddhist nun (b. 1896)
    • Thomas McLaughlin, Irish engineer (b. 1896)
    • Audie Murphy, American World War II hero and actor (b. 1924)
    • Alfred Rose (bishop), the sixth Bishop of Dover in the modern era (b. 1884)
    • Miriam Soljak, New Zealand feminist and communist (b. 1879)
    • Jean Vilar, French stage actor (b. 1912)
  • May 30Marcel Dupré, French composer (b. 1886)

June

File:Carlos P Garcia photo.jpg

Carlos P. Garcia

  • June 1Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (b. 1892)
  • June 4György Lukács, Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic (b. 1885)
  • June 10
    • Virginia True Boardman, American actress (b. 1889)
    • Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
  • June 11Ambrose (bandleader), English violinist and bandleader (b. 1896)
  • June 14Carlos P. Garcia, 8th President of the Philippines (b. 1896)
  • June 15
    • Herbert Gundelach, German general during the Second World War (b. 1899)
    • Arthur Kaufmann (artist), German painter, (b. 1888)
    • Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • June 16John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, British broadcasting executive (b. 1889)
  • June 18
    • Thomas Gomez, American actor (b. 1905)
    • Libby Holman, American singer and actress (b. 1904)
    • Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
    • Prajnalok Mahasthavir, scholar, writer and orator (b. 1879)
    • Mildred Veitch, last member of the Veitch family of horticulturists (b. 1889)
  • June 25John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1880)
  • June 30
    • Herbert Biberman, Jewish-American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
    • Alexander Curt Brade, German botanist (b. 1881)
    • Crew of Soyuz 11:
      • Georgy Dobrovolsky (b. 1928)
      • Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)
      • Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)
    • Gaston Balande, French painter and illustrator (b. 1880)

July

File:Jim Morrison 1969.JPG

Jim Morrison

File:Louis Armstrong restored.jpg

Louis Armstrong

  • July 1
    • William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
    • Learie Constantine, Baron Constantine, Trinidadian cricketer (b. 1901)
  • July 3Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (b. 1943)
  • July 4
    • Maurice Bowra, British critic (b. 1898)
    • August Derleth, American author and anthologist (b. 1909)
    • Thomas C. Hart, American admiral and politician (b. 1877)
  • July 6Louis Armstrong, African-American jazz trumpeter (b. 1901)
  • July 7
    • Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
    • Ub Iwerks, American animator (b. 1901)
  • July 10George Kenner, German artist (b. 1888)
  • July 13Joseph J. Clark, American admiral, (b. 1893)
  • July 15Bill Thompson, American voice actor (b. 1913)
  • July 17Cliff Edwards, American actor (b. 1895)
  • July 19
    • John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, British businessman (b. 1886)
    • Harry W. Hill, American admiral (b. 1890)
    • Norman Reilly Raine, American screenwriter (b. 1894)
    • Arsène Roux, French Arabist (b. 1893)
  • July 21Michael Somogyi, Hungarian-American professor of biochemistry (b. 1883)
  • July 22W. Ross Thatcher, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada (1964–1971) (b. 1917)
  • July 23Van Heflin, American actor (b. 1910)
  • July 24
    • Christl Mardayn, German actress (b. 1896)
    • Alan Rawsthorne, British Composer (b. 1905)
  • July 25Alfred Michael "Chief" Venne, Ojibwa/Chippewa Native American leader (b. 1879)
  • July 26Diane Arbus, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • July 27Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1924)
  • July 30Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)

August

  • August 2
    • Satyananda Giri, Indian monk and Yukteswar Giri’s chief in Dubai,India (b. 1896)
    • John McDermott, American golfer (b. 1891)
  • August 3Beatrice Kerr, Australian swimmer, diver, and aquatic performer (b. 1887)
  • August 4E. Barrett Prettyman, United States federal judge (b. 1891)
  • August 5Royal Rife, American inventor (b. 1888)
  • August 10Antoine Mostaert, CICM Missionaries (b. 1881)
  • August 11John Burton Cleland, Australian naturalist, microbiologist, mycologist and ornithologist (b. 1878)
  • August 12James T. Berryman, American political cartoonist, recipient of the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning (b. 1902)
  • August 13King Curtis, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
  • August 15
    • Albrecht Goetze, German-American Hittitologist (b. 1897)
    • Paul Lukas, Hungarian-born American actor (b. 1895)
  • August 17Horace McMahon, American actor (b. 1906)
  • August 20Matiur Rahman, Bangladeshi war hero (b. 1945)
  • August 24Carl Blegen, American archaeologist (b. 1887)
  • August 25Ted Lewis, American musician and entertainer (b. 1890)
  • August 27
    • Margaret Bourke-White, American photographer (b. 1904)
    • Bennett Cerf, American publisher and television personality (b. 1898)
  • August 28
    • Geoffrey Lawrence, 1st Baron Oaksey, British Judge during the Nuremberg trials after World War II (b. 1880)
    • Reuvein Margolies, Austrian-Hungarian-born Israeli author and Talmudic scholar (b. 1889)

September

File:Picture of Martin Emmett Toppino.jpg

Emmett Toppino

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruchstschow.jpg

Nikita Khrushchev

October

  • October 2
    • Jessie Arms Botke, American artist (b. 1883)
    • Richard H. Jackson, four-star admiral (b. 1866)
  • October 3Leah Baird, American actress (b. 1883)
  • October 6Debaki Bose, Bengali director, writer, and actor (b. 1898)
  • October 7Henry Shoemaker Conard, authority on bryophytes and water lilies (b. 1874)
  • October 8Johanna Bordewijk-Roepman, Dutch composer (b. 1892)
  • October 9Peter Rindskopf, American civil rights lawyer (b. 1942)
  • October 10Cyril Burt, British educational psychologist (b. 1883)
  • October 11Chester Conklin, American comedic actor (b. 1886)
  • October 12
    • Dean Acheson, United States Secretary of State (b. 1893)
    • Gene Vincent, American singer (b. 1935)
  • October 13
    • Benito Canónico, Venezuelan composer (b. 1894)
    • Hans Ledersteger, Austrian art director (b. 1898)
  • October 16
    • Richard Thomas Alexander, American educator and influential education theorist.(b. 1887)
    • Robin Boyd, Australian architect (b. 1919)
  • October 19Betty Bronson, American actress (b. 1906)
  • October 21
    • Raymond Hatton, American actor (b. 1887)
    • Naoya Shiga, Japanese writer (b. 1883)
  • October 24Carl Ruggles, American composer (b. 1876)
  • October 27Gustave Baumann, American printmaker and painter (b. 1881)
  • October 29
    • Duane Allman, American rock guitarist (b. 1946)
    • Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)

November

File:GladysCooper.jpg

Gladys Cooper

File:Alberione.jpg

Blessed James Alberione

  • November 1Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer of novels, poems and essays (b. 1876)
  • November 2Martha Vickers, American actress (b. 1925)
  • November 4Guillermo León Valencia, 21st President of Colombia (b. 1909)
  • November 9Maude Fealy, American stage and film actor (b. 1881)
  • November 11
    • A. P. Herbert, English humorist, novelist, playwright and law reform activist (b. 1890)
    • Walther Kittel, German general during World War II (b. 1887)
  • November 16
    • Lucien Chopard, French entomologist (b. 1885)
    • Edie Sedgwick, American actress and model (b. 1943)
  • November 17
    • Debaki Bose, Indian actor, director and writer (b. 1898)
    • Dame Gladys Cooper, British actress (b. 1888)
  • November 22József Zakariás, Hungarian soccer player (b. 1924)
  • November 25Hank Mann, American comedic actor (b. 1888)
  • November 26James Alberione, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1884)
  • November 27Joe Guyon, American football player (b. 1892)
  • November 29Knud Jessen, Danish botanist and quaternary geologist (b. 1884)

December

File:Roy O. Disney with Company at Press Conference.jpg

Roy O. Disney

File:Jo Cals 1966.jpg

Jo Cals

  • December 2E. M. Almedingen, Russian-British novelist, biographer and children's author (b. 1898)
  • December 6Mathilde Kschessinska, Russian ballerina (b. 1872)
  • December 7Ferdinand Pecora, American lawyer and judge (b. 1882)
  • December 9Ralph Bunche, African-American diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1904)
  • December 12
    • Torrance "Torry" Gillick, Scottish footballer (b. 1915)
    • Nikolai Kudryavtsev, Soviet Russian petroleum geologist (b. 1893)
    • Yechezkel Kutscher, Israeli philologist and Hebrew linguist (b. 1909)
    • Alan Morton, Scottish footballer (b. 1893)
    • David Sarnoff, Radio and television pioneer (b. 1891)
  • December 13Gotthard Heinrici, German general (b. 1886)
  • December 15Paul Lévy (mathematician), French mathematician (b. 1886)
  • December 18
    • Bobby Jones, American golfer (b. 1902)
    • Diana Lynn, American actress (b. 1926)
  • December 20
    • Gustavo Bacarisas, Gibraltarian painter (b. 1873)
    • Roy O. Disney, American studio executive (b. 1893)
  • December 22Godfried Bomans, Dutch writer (b. 1913)
  • December 24
    • Dora Altmann, German actress (b. 1881)
    • Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (b. 1924)
  • December 26Robert Lowery, American actor (b. 1913)
  • December 28Max Steiner, Austrian-born film composer (b. 1888)
  • December 29Stuart Holmes, American actor (b. 1884)
  • December 30
    • Dorothy Comingore, American actress (b. 1913)
    • Jo Cals, Dutch politician and jurist, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1965–1966) (b. 1914)
  • December 31
    • Pete Duel, American actor (Alias Smith and Jones) (b. 1940)
    • Eduardo Zamacois, Spanish novelist (b. 1873)

Date unknown

  • Reg Bunn, British artist (b. 1905)

Nobel Prizes

References

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  2. "Cigarette Maker Phillip Morris Agrees to Remove Advertising Signs from Sports Stadiums Where They Were Shown on TV" (1995) DOJ315 United States Department of Justice.
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  4. www.niraikanai.wwma.net
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