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1969 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1969
MCMLXIX
Ab urbe condita2722
Armenian calendar1418
ԹՎ ՌՆԺԸ
Assyrian calendar6719
Bahá'í calendar125–126
Balinese saka calendar1890–1891
Bengali calendar1376
Berber calendar2919
British Regnal year17 Eliz. 2 – 18 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2513
Burmese calendar1331
Byzantine calendar7477–7478
Chinese calendar戊申(Earth Monkey)
4665 or 4605
    — to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4666 or 4606
Coptic calendar1685–1686
Discordian calendar3135
Ethiopian calendar1961–1962
Hebrew calendar5729–5730
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2025–2026
 - Shaka Samvat1890–1891
 - Kali Yuga5069–5070
Holocene calendar11969
Igbo calendar969–970
Iranian calendar1347–1348
Islamic calendar1388–1389
Japanese calendarShōwa 44
(昭和44年)
Javanese calendar1900–1901
Juche calendar58
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4302
Minguo calendarROC 58
民國58年
Nanakshahi calendar501
Thai solar calendar2512
Tibetan calendar阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
2095 or 1714 or 942
    — to —
阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
2096 or 1715 or 943

</noinclude> 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the , the 69th year of the , and the 10th and last year of the decade.

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11). <templatestyles src="Template:TOC limit/styles.css" />

Events

January

  • January 2
    • Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchases the largest-selling British Sunday newspaper, The News of the World.
    • People's Democracy begins a march from Belfast to Derry City, Northern Ireland to gain publicity and to promote its cause.
    • Ohio State defeats USC in the Rose Bowl to win the national title for the 1968 season.
  • January 4 – The Government of Spain hands over Ifni to Morocco.
  • January 5 – The Soviet Union launches Venera 5 toward Venus.
  • January 6 – The final passenger train traverses the Waverley Line, which subsequently closes to passengers.
  • January 10 – the Soviet Union launches Venera 6 toward Venus.
  • January 12
    • Led Zeppelin, the first Led Zeppelin album, is released.
    • Martial law is declared in Madrid, as the University is closed and over 300 students are arrested.
    • The New York Jets upset the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III, 16-7. Joe Namath is the MVP of the game.
  • January 14
    • An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 and injures 314.
    • The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 4.
  • January 15 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5, which docks with Soyuz 4 for a transfer of crew.
  • January 16 – Student Jan Palach sets himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia; 3 days later he dies.
  • January 18 – In Washington, D.C., the Smithsonian displays the art of Winslow Homer for 6 weeks.
  • January 20
  • January 22 – An assassination attempt is carried out on Leonid Brezhnev by deserter Viktor Ilyin. One is killed, several are injured. Brezhnev escaped unharmed.
  • January 26Elvis Presley steps into American Studios in Memphis, Tennessee, recording "Long Black Limousine", thus beginning the recording of what becomes his landmark comeback sessions for the albums From Elvis in Memphis and Back in Memphis. The sessions yield the popular and critically acclaimed singles "Suspicious Minds", "In the Ghetto", and "Kentucky Rain".
  • January 27
    • Fourteen men, 9 of them Jews, are executed in Baghdad for spying for Israel.
    • Reverend Ian Paisley, Northern Irish Unionist leader and founder of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster is jailed for three months for illegal assembly.
    • The present-day Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse, rated at 100,000 KVA, is completed and placed in operation.
  • January 28 – A blow-out on Union Oil's Platform spills 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil into a channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County in Southern California, inspiring Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970.
  • January 30The Beatles give their last public performance, filming several tracks on the roof of Apple Records, London.

February

  • February 2
    • Two cosmonauts transfer from Soyuz 5 to Soyuz 4 via a spacewalk while the two craft are docked together, the first time such a transfer takes place. The two spacecraft undock. Soyuz 4 will reenter Earth's atmosphere and land February 17 while Soyuz 5 will have a hard landing February 18.
    • Ten paintings are defaced in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  • February 4 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is elected Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
  • February 5 – A huge oil spill off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, closes the city's harbor.
  • February 7 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service.
  • February 8 – The Allende meteorite explodes over Mexico.
  • February 8 – The last issue of The Saturday Evening Post hits magazine stands.
  • February 9 – The Boeing 747 makes its maiden flight.
  • February 13FLQ terrorists bomb the Stock Exchange in Montreal.
  • February 14Pope Paul VI issues a motu proprio deleting many names from the Roman calendar of saints (including Valentine, who was celebrated on that day).
  • February 17Aquanaut Berry L. Cannon dies of carbon dioxide poisoning while attempting to repair the SEALAB III habitat off San Clemente Island, California.
  • February 24
    • The Mariner 6 Mars probe is launched.
    • Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the First Amendment applies to public schools.

March

File:Aircraft burning on USS Enterprise (CVN-65).jpg

January 14: Explosion kills 27 on USS Enterprise

  • March 2
    • In Toulouse, France the first Concorde test flight is conducted.
    • Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
  • March 3
    • In a Los Angeles court, Sirhan Sirhan admits that he killed presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.
    • Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 (James McDivitt, David Scott, Rusty Schweickart) to test the lunar module.
    • The United States Navy establishes the Navy Fighter Weapons School (also known as Top Gun) at Naval Air Station Miramar.
  • March 4Jim Morrison is arrested in Florida for indecent exposure during a Doors-concert three days earlier.
  • March 10
    • In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. (he later retracts his guilty plea).
    • The novel The Godfather by Mario Puzo is published.Template:Clarify
  • March 13Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
  • March 17
    • The Longhope lifeboat is lost after answering a mayday call during severe storms in the Pentland Firth; the entire crew of 8 die.[1]
    • Golda Meir becomes the first female prime minister of Israel.
  • March 18Operation Breakfast, the secret bombing of Cambodia, begins.
  • March 19
    • British paratroopers and Marines land on the island of Anguilla.
    • A 385 metres (1,263 ft) tall TV mast at Emley Moor, UK, collapses due to ice build-up.
  • March 20John Lennon and Yoko Ono are married at Gibraltar, and proceed to their honeymoon "Bed-In" for peace in Amsterdam.
  • March 22 – The landmark art exhibition When Attitudes become Form, curated by Harald Szeemann, opens at the Kunsthalle Bern in Bern, Switzerland.
  • March 29 – The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 is held in Madrid, and results in four co-winners, with 18 votes each, from Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and France.
  • March 30 – The body of former United States General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower is brought by caisson to the United States Capitol to lie in state in the Capitol Rotunda; Eisenhower had died two days earlier, after a long illness, in the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

April

  • April 1 – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the Royal Air Force.
  • April 4 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
  • April 9
    • The Harvard University Administration Building is seized by close to 300 students, mostly members of the Students for a Democratic Society. Before the takeover ends, 45 will be injured and 184 arrested.
    • Fermín Monasterio Pérez is murdered by the ETA in Biscay, Spain; the 4th victim in the name of Basque nationalism.
  • April 13Queensland: The Brisbane Tramways end service after 84 years of operation.
  • April 15 – The EC-121 shootdown incident: North Korea shoots down the aircraft over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.
  • April 20
    • British troops arrive in Northern Ireland to reinforce the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
    • A grassroots movement of Berkeley community members seizes an empty lot owned by the University of California, to begin the formation of "People's Park".
  • April 22Robin Knox-Johnston becomes the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping.
  • April 24 – Recently formed British Leyland launches their first new model, the Austin Maxi in Portugal.
  • April 28Charles de Gaulle steps down as president of France after suffering defeat in a referendum the day before.

May

  • May 10
    • Zip to Zap, a harbinger of the Woodstock Concert, ends with the dispersal and eviction of youths and young adults at Zap, North Dakota by the National Guard.
    • The Battle of Dong Ap Bia, also known as Hamburger Hill, begins during the Vietnam War.
  • May 13May 13 Incident: Race riots occur in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • May 14 – Colonel Muammar Gaddafi visits Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • May 15 – An American teenager known as 'Robert R.' dies in St. Louis, Missouri, of a baffling medical condition. In 1984 it will be identified as the first confirmed case of HIV/AIDS in North America.
  • May 16Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet spaceprobe, lands on Venus.
  • May 17 – Venera program: Soviet probe Venera 6 begins to descend into Venus' atmosphere, sending back atmospheric data before being crushed by pressure.
  • May 18Apollo program: Apollo 10 (Tom Stafford, Gene Cernan, John Young) is launched, on the full dress-rehearsal for the Moon landing.
  • May 20United States National Guard helicopters spray skin-stinging powder on anti-war protesters in California.
  • May 21Rosariazo: Civil unrest breaks out in Rosario, Argentina, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
  • May 22 – Apollo program: Apollo 10's lunar module flies to within 15,400 m of the Moon's surface.
  • May 25Midnight Cowboy, an X-rated, Oscar-winning John Schlesinger film, is released.
  • May 26
    • The Andean Pact (Andean Group) is established.
    • Apollo program: Apollo 10 returns to Earth, after a successful 8-day test of all the components needed for the upcoming first manned Moon landing.
  • May 26June 2John Lennon and Yoko Ono conduct their second Bed-In. The follow-up to the Amsterdam event is held at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, Quebec. Lennon composes and records the song Give Peace a Chance during the Bed-In.
  • May 29
    • Cordobazo: A general strike and civil unrest break out in Córdoba, Argentina.
    • Guided tours begin at the Kremlin and other government sites in Moscow.
  • May 30 – Riots in Curaçao mark the start of an Afro-Caribbean civil rights movement on the island.

June

  • June 3 – While operating at sea on SEATO maneuvers, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne accidentally rams and slices into the American destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in the South China Sea, killing 74 American seamen.
  • June 5 – An international communist conference begins in Moscow.
  • June 7 – The rock group Blind Faith plays its first gig in front of 100,000 people in London's Hyde Park.
  • June 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet at Midway Island. Nixon announces that 25,000 U.S. troops will be withdrawn by September.
  • June 17 – After a 23-game match, Boris Spassky defeats Tigran Petrosian to become the World Chess Champion in Moscow.
  • June 18June 22 – The National Convention of the Students for a Democratic Society, held in Chicago, collapses, and the Weatherman faction seizes control of the SDS National Office. Thereafter, any activity run from the National Office or bearing the name of SDS is Weatherman-controlled.
  • June 20Georges Pompidou is elected President of France.
  • June 22
    • The Cuyahoga River fire helps spur an avalanche of water pollution control activities resulting in the Clean Water Act, Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and the creation of the federal Environmental Protection Agency.
    • Judy Garland dies of a drug overdose in her London home.
  • June 23Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
  • June 24 – The United Kingdom and Rhodesia sever diplomatic ties.
  • June 28 – The Stonewall riots in New York City mark the start of the modern gay rights movement in the U.S.

July

File:Apollo 11 first step.jpg

Neil Armstrong descends a ladder to become the first human to step onto the surface of the Moon during Apollo 11

  • July 1Charles, Prince of Wales, is invested with his title at Caernarfon.
  • July 3Brian Jones, musician and founder of The Rolling Stones, drowns in his swimming pool at his home in Sussex, England.
  • July 4 – Michael Mageau and Darlene Ferrin are shot at Blue Rock Springs in California. They are the second (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer. Mageau survives the attack while Ferrin is pronounced dead-on-arrival at Kaiser Foundation Hospital - Richmond.
  • July 5Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Development, is assassinated.
  • July 6Francisco Franco orders the closing of the border and communications between Gibraltar and Spain in response to the 1967 Gibraltar sovereignty referendum.
  • July 7 – French is made equal to English throughout the Canadian national government.
  • July 8Vietnam War: The very first U.S. troop withdrawals are made.
  • July 10Donald Crowhurst's trimaran Teignmouth Electron is found drifting and unoccupied. It is assumed that Crowhurst might have committed suicide.
  • July 14
    • Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, which takes effect on July 20.
    • The Act of Free Choice commences in Merauke, West Irian.
    • The United States' $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • July 16Apollo program: Apollo 11 (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins) lifts off toward the first landing on the Moon.
  • July 18Chappaquiddick incidentEdward M. Kennedy drives off a bridge on his way home from a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts. Mary Jo Kopechne, a former campaign aide to his brother, dies in the early morning hours of July 19 in the submerged car.
  • July 19
    • John Fairfax lands in Hollywood Beach, Florida near Miami and becomes the first person to row across an ocean solo, after 180 days spent at sea on board 25' ocean rowboat 'Britannia' (left Gran Canaria on January 20, 1969).
  • July 20Apollo program: The lunar module Eagle/Apollo 11 lands on the lunar surface. An estimated 500 million people worldwide watch in awe as Neil Armstrong takes his historic first steps on the Moon at 10:56 pm ET (02:56 UTC July 21), the largest television audience for a live broadcast at that time.[2][3]
  • July 22 – Spanish dictator and head of state Francisco Franco appoints Prince Juan Carlos his successor.
  • July 24
    • The Apollo 11 astronauts return from the first successful Moon landing, and are placed in biological isolation for several days, on the chance they may have brought back lunar germs. The airless lunar environment is later determined to preclude microscopic life.
    • The Soviet Union returns Gerald Brooke to the United Kingdom in exchange for spies Peter and Helen Kroger (Morris and Lona Cohen).
  • July 25Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This starts the "Vietnamization" of the war.
  • July 26 – The New York Chapter of the Young Lords is founded.
  • July 30Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam, meeting with President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu and U.S. military commanders.
  • July 31
    • The halfpenny ceases to be legal tender in the UK.
    • Pope Paul VI arrives in Entebbe, Uganda for the first visit by a reigning Pope to Africa.[4]

August

File:Woodstock redmond stage.JPG

August 1518: Woodstock

  • August 4 – Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, U.S. representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. They eventually fail since both sides cannot agree to any terms.
  • August 5Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers) and proto-punk band The Stooges releases their homonym debut album.
  • August 8
    • The Beatles at 11:30 have photographer Iain Macmillan take their photo on a zebra crossing on Abbey Road.
    • A fire breaks out in Bannerman's Castle in the Hudson River; most of the roof collapses and crashes down to the lower levels.
  • August 9
    • The Haunted Mansion attraction opens at Disneyland California. Later versions open in Florida, Tokyo and Paris.
    • Followers of Charles Manson murder Sharon Tate, (who was 8 months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring at the home of Tate and her husband, Roman Polanski, in Los Angeles. Also killed is Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanski's caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.
  • August 10 – The Manson Family kills Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, wealthy Los Angeles businessman and his wife.
  • August 12 – Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
  • August 13Serious border clashes occur between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
  • August 14 – British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland following the three-day Battle of the Bogside.
  • August 15Captain D's is founded as "Mr. D’s Seafood and Hamburgers" by Ray Danner with its first location opening in Donelson, Tennessee.
  • August 15August 18 – The Woodstock Festival is held in upstate New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era.
  • August 17 – Category 5 Hurricane Camille, the most powerful tropical cyclonic system at landfall in history, hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and causing US$1.5 billion in damage (1969 dollars).
  • August 20Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is established in Florissant, CO, USA
  • August 21
    • Donald and Doris Fisher open the first Gap store on Ocean Avenue in San Francisco.
    • Australian Denis Michael Rohan sets the Al-Aqsa Mosque on fire.
    • Strong violence on demonstration in Prague and Brno, Czechoslovakia. Military force contra citizens. Prague spring finally beaten.
  • August 29 – A Trans World Airlines flight from Rome to Tel Aviv is hijacked and diverted to Syria.

September

  • September 1 – A coup in Libya ousts King Idris, and brings Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to power.
  • September 2
    • The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Centre, New York.
    • Ho Chi Minh, former president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, dies.
  • September 5 – Lieutenant William Calley is charged with 6 counts of premeditated murder, for the 1968 My Lai Massacre deaths of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai, Vietnam.
  • September 9Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28, and crashes near Fairland, Indiana, killing all 83 persons in both aircraft.
  • September 13Scooby-Doo aired its first episode on the CBS network.
  • September 20 – The very last theatrical Warner Bros. cartoon is released: the Merrie Melodies short Injun Trouble.
  • September 22San Francisco Giant Willie Mays becomes the first player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 career home runs.
  • September 22September 25 – An Islamic conference in Rabat, Morocco, following the al-Aqsa Mosque fire (August 21), condemns the Israeli claim of ownership of Jerusalem.
  • September 23
    • China carries out an underground nuclear bomb test.
    • Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (directed by George Roy Hill and starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford) opens to limited release in the United States.
  • September 24 – The Chicago Eight trial begins in Chicago, Illinois.
  • September 25 – The Organisation of the Islamic Conference is founded.
  • September 26
    • The Beatles release their Abbey Road album, while receiving mixed reviews, was an enormous commercial success. It is now considered the Beatles' best album.
    • The Brady Bunch is broadcast for the first time on ABC.
  • September 28 – The Social Democrats and the Free Democrats receive a majority of votes in the German parliamentary elections, and decide to form a common government.

October

  • October 1
    • In Sweden, Olof Palme is elected Leader of the Social Democratic Worker's Party, replacing Tage Erlander as Prime Minister on October 14.
    • The Beijing Subway begins operation.
  • October 2 – A 1.2 megaton thermonuclear device is tested at Amchitka Island, Alaska. This test is code-named Project Milrow, the 11th test of the Operation Mandrel 1969–1970 underground nuclear test series. This test is known as a "calibration shot" to test if the island is fit for larger underground nuclear detonations.
  • October 5
  • October 9October 12Days of Rage: In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in to control demonstrations involving the radical Weathermen, in connection with the "Chicago Eight" Trial.
  • October 11October 16 – The New York Mets defeat the Baltimore Orioles four games to one in one of the greatest World Series upsets in baseball history.
  • October 13
    • An unofficial strike amongst British mineworkers begins over the working hours of surface workers.
  • October 15
    • DZKB-TV Channel 9, the Philippines TV station, owner by Roberto S. Benedicto, is launched.
    • Vietnam War: Hundreds of thousands of people take part in Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam demonstrations across the United States.
  • October 17
    • Willard S. Boyle and George Smith invent the CCD at Bell Laboratories (30 years later, this technology is widely used in digital cameras).
    • Fourteen black athletes are kicked off the University of Wyoming football team for wearing black armbands into their coach's office.
  • October 21
    • Willy Brandt becomes Chancellor of West Germany.
    • General Siad Barre comes to power in Somalia in a coup, 6 days after the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke.
  • October 22Led Zeppelin release Led Zeppelin II to critical acclaim and commercial success.
  • October 25Pink Floyd release their Ummagumma album.
  • October 29 – The first message is sent over ARPANET, the forerunner of the internet.
  • October 31
    • Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
    • The disappearance of Patricia Spencer and Pamela Hobley occurs.

November

  • November 3
    • Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the "silent majority" to join him in solidarity with the Vietnam War effort, and to support his policies. Vice President Spiro Agnew denounces the President's critics as 'an effete corps of impudent snobs' and 'nattering nabobs of negativism'.
    • Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (31st government).
  • November 9 – A group of American Indians, led by Richard Oakes, seizes Alcatraz Island for 19 months, inspiring a wave of renewed Indian pride and government reform.
  • November 10Sesame Street aired its first episode on the NET network.
  • November 12Vietnam WarMy Lai Massacre: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
  • November 14
    • Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12 (Pete Conrad, Richard Gordon, Alan Bean), the second manned mission to the Moon.
    • The SS United States the last active United States Lines passenger ship is withdrawn from service.
  • November 15
    • Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
    • Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000–500,000 protesters stage a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
    • Regular colour television broadcasts begin on BBC1 and ITV in the United Kingdom.
    • Dave Thomas opens his first restaurant in a former steakhouse in downtown Columbus, Ohio. He names the chain Wendy's after his 8-year-old daughter, Melinda Lou (nicknamed "Wendy" by her siblings).
  • November 17Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, to begin the SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
  • November 19
    • Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum ("Ocean of Storms"), becoming the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
    • Soccer great Pelé scores his 1,000th goal.
  • November 20
    • Vietnam War: The Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.
    • Richard Oakes returns with 90 followers and offers to buy Alcatraz for $24 (he leaves the island January 1970).
  • November 21
    • U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C. to the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. retains rights to military bases on the island, but they must be nuclear-free.
    • The first ARPANET link is established (the progenitor of the global Internet).
    • The United States Senate votes down the Supreme Court nomination of Clement Haynsworth, the first such rejection since 1930.
  • November 24Apollo program: The Apollo 12 spacecraft splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.
  • November 25John Lennon returns his MBE medal to protest the British government's involvement in the Nigerian Civil War.

December

  • December 1Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II (on January 4, 1970, The New York Times will run a long article, "Statisticians Charge Draft Lottery Was Not Random").
  • December 2 – The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its first passenger flight. It carries 191 people, most of them reporters and photographers, from Seattle, to New York City.
  • December 4Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot dead in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
  • December 5The Rolling Stones release Let it Bleed.
  • December 6 – The Altamont Free Concert is held at the Altamont Speedway in northern California. Hosted by The Rolling Stones, it is an attempt at a "Woodstock West" and is best known for the uproar of violence that occurred. It is viewed by many as the "end of the sixties."
  • December 12 – The Piazza Fontana bombing in Italy (Strage di Piazza Fontana) takes place.
  • December 14 – The murder of Diane Maxwell takes place, when the 25-year-old phone operator is found sexually assaulted and killed (the case remains unsolved until 2003).
  • December 24
    • Charles Manson is allowed to defend himself at the Tate-LaBianca murder trial.
    • The oil company Phillips Petroleum made the first oil discovery in the Norwegian sector of North Sea.
    • Nigerian troops capture Umuahia, the last Biafran capital before its dissolution became Owerri
  • December 27 – The Liberal Democratic Party wins 47.6% of the votes in the Japanese general election, 1969. Future prime ministers Yoshirō Mori and Tsutomu Hata and future kingmaker Ichirō Ozawa are elected for the first time.
  • December 28 – The Young Lords take over the First Spanish Methodist Church in East Harlem.
  • December 30 – The Linwood bank robbery leaves two police officers dead.

Date unknown

  • Common African, Malagasy and Mauritian Organization (OCAMM) (Organisation Commune Africaine Malgache et Mauricienne).
  • Reported as being the year the first strain of the AIDS virus (HIV) migrates to the United States via Haiti.[5]
  • Summer sees the invention of Unix under the potential name "Unics" (after Multics).[6]
  • Women are allowed membership in the Future Farmers of America (now the National FFA Organization).
  • Long John Silver's restaurant chain opens its first store in Lexington, Kentucky.
  • Arthur Treacher's Fish and Chips is founded by S. Robert Davis and Dave Thomas and its first location in Columbus, Ohio opens for business.
  • The Montreal Expos debut as Major League Baseball's first team outside the United States.
  • Dodge Challenger is introduced.

Births

January

File:Schumacher china 2012.jpg

Michael Schumacher

File:Jason Bateman 2011.jpg

Jason Bateman

File:Foo Fighters Tenacious D concert in 2011.jpg

Dave Grohl

File:DJ Tiesto2005.jpg

Tiësto

File:Dave Bautista by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg

Dave Bautista

File:Patton Oswalt by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Patton Oswalt

  • January 2
  • January 3Michael Schumacher, German race car driver
  • January 5Marilyn Manson, American rock musician
  • January 6Norman Reedus, American actor
  • January 11Kyōko Hikami, Japanese voice actress
  • January 13Stephen Hendry, British snooker player
  • January 14
  • January 15Meret Becker, German actress and musician
  • January 16
    • Roy Jones Jr., American boxer
    • Per "Dead" Ohlin, Norwegian vocalist (d. 1991)
  • January 17
    • Lukas Moodysson, Swedish film director
    • Tiësto, Dutch trance DJ
  • January 18Dave Bautista, American actor, professional mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
  • January 19Junior Seau, American NFL player (d. 2012)
  • January 20Patrick K. Kroupa, American writer, hacker
  • January 27
    • Cornelius, Japanese rock musician, singer and producer (Flipper's Guitar)
    • Patton Oswalt, American stand-up comedian, writer, actor and voice actor
  • January 28Kathryn Morris, American actress
  • January 29Hyde, Japanese rock musician, singer and guitarist

February

File:JenniferAnistonHWoFFeb2012.jpg

Jennifer Aniston

File:Birdman at hot 97 summer jam 2007.jpg

Birdman

File:INXS TO ROCK THE HUNTER! - Train.jpg

Patrick Monahan

  • February 1
    • Andrew Breitbart, American writer and publisher (d. 2012)
    • Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine footballer
  • February 3
    • Retief Goosen, South African golfer
    • Beau Biden, 44th Attorney General of Delaware (d. 2015)
  • February 5
    • Bobby Brown, African-American singer
    • Michael Sheen, Welsh actor
  • February 9Ian Eagle, American sports announcer
  • February 10Laura Dern, American actress
  • February 11
    • Jennifer Aniston, American actress, director, producer and businesswoman
    • Bill Warner, American motorcycle racer (d. 2013)
  • February 12
    • Darren Aronofsky, American film director
    • Hong Myung-bo, South Korean footballer
    • Brad Werenka, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • February 13
    • Ahlam, Arabic singer
    • J. B. Blanc, French voice actor
  • February 15Birdman, American rapper, entertainer, and record producer
  • February 19Burton C. Bell, American rock vocalist/lyricist
  • February 20Keiji Takayama, Japanese professional wrestler
  • February 21
    • Bosson, Swedish singer-songwriter
    • Petra Kronberger, Austrian alpine skier
  • February 22Thomas Jane, American actor
  • February 23
    • Michael Campbell, New Zealand golfer
    • Marc Wauters, Belgian cyclist
  • February 24Christine Ng, Hong Kong actress
  • February 28
    • Robert Sean Leonard, American actor
    • Patrick Monahan, American musician and singer
    • Stephen Bishop, Australian poet, writer, radio presenter
    • Paul Bishop, twin of Stephen and all-round cool guy!

March

File:JavierBardemHWOFNov2012.jpg

Javier Bardem

File:Terrence Howard TIFF 2011.jpg

Terrence Howard

File:Ali Daei in Child Labours Association cropped.jpg

Ali Daei

  • March 1
    • Javier Bardem, Spanish actor
    • Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh rock drummer
    • Litefoot, Native American actor
  • March 4
    • Chaz Bono, American LGBT rights activist
    • Annie Shizuka Inoh, Taiwanese actress
    • Patrick Roach, Canadian actor
  • March 7Todd Williams, American long-distance runner
  • March 10Paget Brewster, American actress
  • March 11
    • Terrence Howard, American actor and singer
    • Soraya, Colombian singer and multi-instrumentalist (d. 2006)
  • March 12
    • Graham Coxon, English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist (Blur) and painter
    • Akemi Okamura, Japanese voice actress
  • March 13Susanna Mälkki, Finnish conductor
  • March 15
    • Timo Kotipelto, Finnish musician
    • Yutaka Take, Japanese jockey
    • Kim Raver, American actress
  • March 16Markus Lanz, German-Italian television presenter
  • March 17Alexander McQueen, British fashion designer (d. 2010)
  • March 18Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess grandmaster
  • March 19
    • Patrick Tam, Hong Kong actor
    • Connor Trinneer, American actor
  • March 21Ali Daei, Iranian football player
  • March 24Stephan Eberharter, Austrian alpine skier
  • March 25Jeffrey Walker, English musician
  • March 27Pauley Perrette, American actress
  • March 28
    • Rodney Atkins, America country music singer-songwriter
    • Laurie Brett, Scottish actress
  • March 29Chiaki Ishikawa, Japanese singer (See-Saw)
  • March 31Samantha Brown, American television host

April

File:Renée Zellweger Berlinale 2010 (cropped).jpg

Renée Zellweger

File:Paul Rudd (cropped) 2.jpg

Paul Rudd

File:Yelena Shushunova 1987.jpg

Yelena Shushunova

  • April 1Fadl Shaker, Lebanese singer
  • April 2Ajay Devgan, Bollywood actor
  • April 3Lance Storm, Canadian professional wrestler
  • April 6
    • Bret Boone, American baseball player
    • Paul Rudd, American actor, comedian, writer and producer
  • April 9Debbie Schlussel, political commentator and film critic
  • April 10Billy Jayne, American actor
  • April 11
    • Barnaby Kay, English actor
    • Cerys Matthews, Welsh singer
    • Caren Miosga, German journalist and television presenter
    • Chisato Moritaka, Japanese singer
  • April 12Michael Jackson, former NFL wide receiver
  • April 19
    • Shannon Lee, Chinese-American actress
    • Susan Polgar, Hungarian chess player
  • April 20Marietta Slomka, German journalist
  • April 21Toby Stephens, English actor
  • April 22Dion Dublin, English footballer
  • April 23Yelena Shushunova, Soviet gymnast
  • April 25
    • Vanessa Beecroft, Italian artist
    • Joe Buck, American sports announcer
    • Gina Torres, American actress
    • Renée Zellweger, American actress and producer

May

File:Wes Anderson 2012.jpg

Wes Anderson

File:Cate Blanchett Deauville 2013 3.jpg

Cate Blanchett

File:David Boreanaz Comic-Con 2012.jpg

David Boreanaz

  • May 1Wes Anderson, American director, producer, screenwriter and actor
  • May 2Brian Lara, West Indian cricketer
  • May 3Daryl F. Mallett, American author and actor
  • May 4
    • Micah Aivazoff, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Christina Billotte, American musician
  • May 5Hideki Irabu, Japanese baseball player (d. 2011)
  • May 6Jim Magilton, Northern Irish footballer
  • May 7Eagle-Eye Cherry, Swedish-born musician
  • May 9Amber, Dutch musician
  • May 10Dennis Bergkamp, Dutch soccer player
  • May 12Kevin Nalty, American YouTube comedian
  • May 13
    • Nikos Aliagas, French-born television host
    • Brian Carroll (a.k.a. Buckethead), American guitarist
  • May 14
    • Cate Blanchett, Australian actress
    • Danny Wood, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • May 15
    • Asalah Nasri, Syrian singer
    • Emmitt Smith, American football player
  • May 16
    • David Boreanaz, American actor
    • Tracey Gold, American actress
    • Steve Lewis, American athlete
  • May 18Martika, American singer
  • May 21Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (d. 2000)
  • May 25
    • Anne Heche, American actress
    • Stacy London, American fashion consultant and media personality
  • May 26Siri Lindley, American triathlete
  • May 28Rob Ford, Canadian politician (d. 2016)

June

File:JP Manoux.jpg

J.P. Manoux

File:Peter Dinklage by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Peter Dinklage

File:Steffi Graf in Hamburg 2010 (cropped).jpg

Steffi Graf

File:Ice-Cube 2014-01-09-Chicago-photoby-Adam-Bielawski.jpg

Ice Cube

File:Oliver Kahn 06-2004.jpg

Oliver Kahn

File:Achinoam Nini.jpg

Achinoam Nini

  • June 2Jamie Thraves, English film writer, director and music video director
  • June 3Takako Minekawa, Japanese musician, composer and writer
  • June 4Rob Huebel, American comedian
  • June 7
    • Alina Astafei, Romanian-German high jumper
    • Prince Joachim of Denmark
    • Kim Rhodes, American actress
  • June 8J. P. Manoux, American actor
  • June 11
    • Peter Dinklage, American actor
    • Steven Drozd, American rock drummer (The Flaming Lips)
  • June 12
    • Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian rock guitarist (d. 2007)
    • Heinz-Christian Strache, Austrian politician
  • June 13Søren Rasted, Danish musician (Aqua)
  • June 14
    • Steffi Graf, German tennis player
    • MC Ren, American rapper (N.W.A)
    • Eugene Chung, Korean-American football player
  • June 15
    • Ice Cube, African-American rapper and actor
    • Oliver Kahn, German football goalkeeper
    • Jansher Khan, Pakistani squash player
    • Maurice Odumbe, Kenyan cricketer
  • June 17Paul Tergat, Kenyan athlete
  • June 18Haki Doku, Albanian para-cyclist
  • June 19Trine Pallesen, Danish actress
  • June 20Paulo Bento, Portuguese football player and coach
  • June 23
    • Fernanda Ribeiro, Portuguese long-distance runner
    • Achinoam Nini (Noa), Israeli singer
  • June 24
    • Rich Eisen, American television journalist
    • Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian singer
  • June 25
    • Storm Large, American singer and actor
    • Zim Zum, American guitarist
  • June 28Tichina Arnold, African-American actress (Everybody Hates Chris)
  • June 29
    • Tōru Hashimoto, Japanese local governor
    • Ilan Mitchell-Smith, American actor
  • June 30Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer

July

File:Ken Jeong March 2015.jpg

Ken Jeong

File:Jennifer Lopez at GLAAD Media Awards.jpg

Jennifer Lopez

File:Triple H Pointing Melbourne 10.11.2007.jpg

Triple H

File:Simon Baker 2013 4.jpg

Simon Baker

  • July 2
    • Matthew Cox, American criminal
    • Tim Rodber, English rugby player
    • Jenni Rivera, Mexican-American singer-songwriter, producer and actress (d. 2012)
  • July 3Gedeon Burkhard, German actor
  • July 4Jordan Sonnenblick, American teacher and novelist
  • July 5John LeClair, American hockey player
  • July 7
    • Sylke Otto, German luger
    • Joe Sakic, Canadian hockey player
    • Cree Summer, American-Canadian actress and singger
  • July 8
    • George Fisher, American vocalist, Cannibal Corpse
    • Sugizo, Japanese guitarist and singer
  • July 10
    • Gale Harold, American actor
    • Jonas Kaufmann, German operatic tenor
  • July 11David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • July 13Ken Jeong, American actor, comedian and physician
  • July 16Sahra Wagenknecht, German politician
  • July 18Masanori Murakawa, Japanese wrestler
  • July 20Josh Holloway, American actor
  • July 21
    • Godfrey, American comedian and actor
    • Avraam Russo, Russian singer
    • Isabell Werth, German equestrian
  • July 22
    • James Arnold Taylor, American voice actor
    • Despina Vandi, Greek singer
  • July 24Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer
  • July 26Tanni Grey-Thompson, born Carys Grey, British Paralympian
  • July 27
    • Pavel Hapal, Czech footballer
    • Triple H (aka Paul Levesque), American wrestler
  • July 28
    • Alexis Arquette, American actress (d. 2016)
    • Michael Amott, English musician
  • July 29Timothy Omundson, American actor
  • July 30Simon Baker, Australian actor and director
  • July 31Antonio Conte, Italian football player and manager

August

File:Matthew Perry.jpg

Matthew Perry

File:Jack Black March 2016.jpg

Jack Black

  • August 2
    • Jan Axel Blomberg, Norwegian drummer
    • Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer
  • August 4Max Cavalera, Brazilian musician and singer (Soulfly)
  • August 5Kenny Erwin Jr, NASCAR Driver
  • August 6
    • Elliott Smith, American musician (d. 2003)
    • Jonathan Aibel, American script writer
  • August 8 Faye Wong, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • August 9Troy Percival, American baseball player
  • August 10Brian Drummond, Canadian voice actor
  • August 11
    • Ashley Jensen, British actress
    • Vanderlei de Lima, Brazilian long-distance runner
  • August 12Tanita Tikaram, German-born British singer-songwriter
  • August 13Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
  • August 15
    • Justin Broadrick, British musician
    • Kevin Cheng, Hong Kong television actor and singer
  • August 16Kate Higgins American voice actress
  • August 17
    • Donnie Wahlberg, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
    • Dick Togo, Japanese professional wrestler
  • August 18
    • Everlast, American singer, rapper, and songwriter
    • Edward Norton, American actor, film director, screenwriter, and social activist
    • Christian Slater, American actor
  • August 19
    • Nate Dogg, African-American rapper (d. 2011)
    • Matthew Perry, Canadian-American actor
    • Clay Walker, American singer
  • August 21Oliver Geissen, German television presenter
  • August 26Glenn Berger, American scriptwriter
  • August 28Jack Black, American actor and musician
  • August 29
    • Lucero, Mexican singer and actress
    • Joe Swail, Northern Irish snooker player

September

File:Simona Păucă 1984b.jpg

Simona Pauca

File:Catherine Zeta-Jones VF 2012 Shankbone 2.jpg

Catherine Zeta-Jones

File:Erika Eleniak 2011.jpg

Erika Eleniak

  • September 2
    • Cedric "K-Ci" Hailey, American singer, one half of R&B duo K-Ci & JoJo
    • Dave Naz, American photographer
  • September 3Robert Karlsson, Swedish golfer
  • September 5Dweezil Zappa, American actor and musician
  • September 7
    • Jean-Benoît Dunckel, French musician (Air)
    • Diane Farr, American actress
    • Jimmy Urine, American singer
  • September 8Gary Speed, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2011)
  • September 9Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • September 10Ai Jing, Chinese singer
  • September 11Crystal Lewis, American Christian musician
  • September 12
    • Ángel Cabrera, Argentine golfer
    • Shigeki Maruyama, Japanese golfer
  • September 13
    • Tyler Perry, American actor, film director, and screenwriter
    • Shane Warne, Australian cricketer
  • September 14Bong Joon-ho, South Korean screenwriter and film director
  • September 17Ken Doherty, Irish snooker player
  • September 19
    • Simona Păucă, Romanian gymnast
    • Michael Symon, American chef and television personality
  • September 24
    • Shawn "Clown" Crahan, American rock percussionist
    • DeVante Swing, American music producer
  • September 25
    • Yves Amyot, Québécois actor
    • Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (d. 2002)
    • Bill Simmons, American sports columnist
    • Hal Sparks, American actor and comedian
    • Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
  • September 26
    • Victor N'Gembo-Mouanda, Congolese author
    • Paul Warhurst, English football player
  • September 29Erika Eleniak, American model and actress

October

File:Zach Galifianakis 2012 (cropped).jpg

Zach Galifianakis

File:Gwen Stefani Cannes 2011 (cropped).jpg

Gwen Stefani of No Doubt

File:Julia Ann 2 2015.jpg

Julia Ann

File:Wendi McLendon-Covey 2012.jpg

Wendi McLendon-Covey

File:Wyclefjean2 (300dpi).jpg

Wyclef Jean

File:Trey Parker by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Trey Parker

File:Stanislav Gross.jpg

Stanislav Gross

  • October 1
    • Zach Galifianakis, American actor and stand-up comedian
    • Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player
  • October 2Mitch English, American actor and television host
  • October 3
    • Gwen Stefani, Lead singer of American rock group No Doubt and television host
    • Tetsuya, Japanese musician
  • October 5Elizabeth Azcona Bocock, Honduran politician
  • October 6
    • Muhammad V of Kelantan, current Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and Sultan of Kelantan
    • Ogün Temizkanoğlu, Turkish football player
  • October 7
    • Benny Chan Ho Man, Hong Kong actor
    • Benny Chan Muk-Sing, Hong Kong film director
  • October 8Julia Ann, American porn actress
  • October 9
    • Jun Akiyama, Japanese professional wrestler
    • PJ Harvey, British singer-songwriter
    • Steve McQueen, English film director, producer and screenwriter
  • October 10
    • Brett Favre, American football player
    • Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
  • October 12Judit Mascó, Spanish model, television host and writer
  • October 13
    • Rhett Akins, American country singer
    • Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater
    • Cady McClain, American actress and director
  • October 14
    • Kosuke Okano, Japanese voice actor
    • David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • October 17
    • Ernie Els, South African golfer
    • Jesús Ángel García, Spanish race walker
    • Wood Harris, American actor
    • Wyclef Jean, Haitian rapper
    • Nancy Sullivan, American actress
  • October 19Trey Parker, American voice actor, comedian, screenwriter, composer, director and producer
  • October 20
    • Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league player
    • Juan González, American baseball player
  • October 21Michael Hancock, Australian rugby league footballer
  • October 24
    • Peter Dolving, Swedish musician
    • Adela Noriega, Mexican actress
  • October 25
    • Josef Beránek, Czech ice hockey player
    • Oleg Salenko, Russian football player
    • Alex Webster, American bassist
  • October 29Ha Hee-ra, Korean actress
  • October 30
    • Snow, Canadian singer
    • Stanislav Gross, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (d. 2015)
  • October 31Kim Rossi Stuart, Italian actor and director

November

File:Sean Combs 2010.jpg

Sean Combs

File:Matthew McConaughey - Goldene Kamera 2014 - Berlin.jpg

Matthew McConaughey

File:Tomas N'evergreen.jpg

Tomas N'evergreen

  • November 1Diane Parish, English actress
  • November 2Reginald Arvizu (aka Fieldy Snuts), American bassist
  • November 3Robert Miles, Swiss-Italian record producer and DJ
  • November 4
    • Sean Combs, African-American rapper (aka Puff Daddy, P. Diddy)
    • Matthew McConaughey, American actor
  • November 7
    • Michelle Clunie, American actress
    • Hélène Grimaud, French pianist
  • November 8Roxana Zal, American actress
  • November 9
    • Sandra Denton, African-American rapper (Salt-n-Pepa)
    • Allison Wolfe, American musician
  • November 10
    • Faustino Asprilla, Colombian football player
    • Jens Lehmann, German football player
    • Ellen Pompeo, American actress
  • November 11Carson Kressley, American fashion expert
  • November 12
    • Johnny Gosch, American child kidnap victim
    • Tomas N'evergreen, Danish singer
  • November 13
    • Gerard Butler, Scottish actor
    • Josh Mancell, American freelance composer and multi-instrumentalist
  • November 17
    • Ryōtarō Okiayu, Japanese voice actor
    • Jean-Michel Saive, Belgian table tennis player
  • November 18
    • Kathleen van Brempt, Belgian politician
    • Sam Cassell, American basketball player
    • Ahmed Helmy, Egyptian actor
  • November 19Ertuğrul Sağlam, Turkish football coach and former player
  • November 20Sakura, Japanese musician
  • November 21Ken Griffey Jr., American baseball player
  • November 23Robin Padilla, Filipino actor
  • November 24David Adeang, Nauruan politician
  • November 28Lexington Steele, American actor and film director
  • November 29
    • Chris Baker, American race car driver
    • Pierre van Hooijdonk, Dutch footballer
    • Kasey Keller, American Major League Soccer player
    • Mariano Rivera, Panamanian Major League Baseball player

December

File:Jay-Z @ Shawn 'Jay-Z' Carter Foundation Carnival (crop 2).jpg

Jay-Z

File:VishyAnand09.jpg

Viswanathan Anand

File:Ed Miliband 2.jpg

Ed Miliband

File:Vabariigi Presidendi ametisse astumise tseremoonia 2016, crop.jpg

Kersti Kaljulaid

  • December 1Richard Carrier, American historian
  • December 3Bill Steer, English musician
  • December 4Jay-Z, African-American rapper
  • December 5Alex Kapp Horner, American actress
  • December 8Kerry Earnhardt, American race car driver
  • December 9Jakob Dylan, American singer-songwriter (The Wallflowers)
  • December 11
    • Viswanathan Anand, Indian chess Grandmaster
    • Sean Grande, American basketball announcer
  • December 13Hideo Ishikawa, Japanese voice actor
  • December 14Archie Kao, Chinese-American film and television actor
  • December 15Rick Law, American illustrator and producer
  • December 16Michelle Smith, Irish swimmer
  • December 17Chuck Liddell, American mixed martial arts fighter
  • December 18
    • Irvin Duguid, Scottish rock keyboard player (Stiltskin)
    • Mille Petrozza, German-Italian rock vocalist and guitarist (Kreator)
    • Joe Randa, American Major League Baseball player and radio talk-show host
  • December 19
    • Richard Hammond, British TV presenter
    • Lauren Sánchez, American news anchor
    • Kristy Swanson, American actress
  • December 20Chisa Yokoyama, Japanese voice actress
  • December 21
    • Julie Delpy, French actress
    • Magnus Samuelsson, Swedish bodybuilder, World's Strongest Man
  • December 23
    • Greg Biffle, American race car driver
    • Martha Byrne, American actress and singer
    • Rob Pelinka, American sports agent
  • December 24
    • Brad Anderson, American wrestler
    • Milan Blagojevic, Australian soccer player
    • Pernille Fischer Christensen, Danish film director
    • Taro Goto, Japanese soccer player
    • Stephen Shaun Griffiths, English serial killer
    • Leavander Johnson, American lightweight boxer (d. 2005)
    • Ryuji Kato, Japanese soccer player
    • Nick Love, English film director and writer
    • Miyuki Matsushita, Japanese voice actress
    • Clinton McKinnon, American musician
    • Sean Cameron Michael, South African actor and singer
    • Ed Miliband, English academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
    • Mark Millar, Scottish author
    • Luis Musrri, Chilean soccer player
    • Mariko Shiga, Japanese voice actress (d. 1989)
    • Oleg Skripochka, Russian cosmonaut
    • Gintaras Staučė, Lithuanian soccer player
    • Chen Yueling, American race walker
    • Jonathan Zittrain, American professor
    • Michael Zucchet, American economist and politician, Mayor of San Diego
  • December 25Nicolas Godin, French musician (Air)
  • December 27Chyna, American professional wrestler (d. 2016)
  • December 28Linus Torvalds, Finnish computer programmer
  • December 30
    • Matt Goldman, American record producer
    • Jason Kay, English singer (Jamiroquai)
    • Kersti Kaljulaid, President of Estonia
  • December 31Dominik Diamond, Scottish presenter and newspaper columnist

Date unknown

  • Russ Kick, American writer and founder of The Memory Hole.
  • Molly Kiely, American cartoonist

Deaths

January

February

File:Borris Karloff still.jpg

Boris Karloff

File:Saud of Saudi Arabia.jpg

King Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

File:Levi Eshkol.jpg

Levi Eshkol

March

File:Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg

Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • March 4Nicholas Schenck, Russian-born film impresario (b. 1881)
  • March 9Charles Brackett, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1892)
  • March 11
    • Daniel E. Barbey, American admiral (b. 1889)
    • John Wyndham, British author (b. 1903)
  • March 14Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-born American artist (b. 1898)
  • March 18Barbara Bates, American actress (b. 1925)
  • March 20Henri Longchambon, French politician (b. 1896)
  • March 21Pinky Higgins, American baseball player and manager (b. 1909)
  • March 25
    • Billy Cotton, British entertainer and bandleader (b. 1899)
    • Max Eastman, American writer (b. 1883)
    • Alan Mowbray, English actor (b. 1896)
  • March 26
    • John Kennedy Toole, American author (b. 1937)
    • B. Traven, German writer
  • March 28Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States (b. 1890)

April

File:Rene barrientos.jpg

Rene Barrientos

  • April 5
    • Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi war criminal (b. 1903)
    • Shelby Storck, American television producer (b. 1917)
  • April 6Gabriel Chevallier, French writer (b. 1895)
  • April 7Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan writer and President of Venezuela (b. 1884)
  • April 15Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, former Queen consort of Spain (b. 1887)
  • April 26Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)
  • April 27René Barrientos, Bolivian general and statesman, 56th and 58th President of Bolivia (plane crash) (b. 1919)

May

File:Vonpapen1.jpg

Franz von Papen

File:Jeffrey Hunter Sgt Rutledge.jpg

Jeffrey Hunter

  • May 1Ella Logan, American actress (b. 1913)
  • May 2Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1879)
  • May 3
    • Karl Freund, German cinematographer (b. 1890)
    • Amy Ashwood Garvey, Jamaican pan-African activist (b. 1897)
    • Zakir Hussain; Indian politician, 3rd President of India (b. 1897)
  • May 4Osbert Sitwell, English writer (b. 1892)
  • May 14
    • Enid Bennett, American actress (b. 1893)
    • Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (b. 1888)
  • May 15Robert R., American HIV/AIDS victim (b. 1953)
  • May 19Coleman Hawkins, American musician (b. 1904)
  • May 20Fred Sherman, American actor (b. 1905)
  • May 23Jimmy McHugh, American composer (b. 1894)
  • May 24Mitzi Green, American actress (b. 1920)
  • May 27Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (b. 1926)
  • May 28Rhys Williams, Welsh actor (b. 1897)

June

File:Judy Garland-publicity.JPG

Judy Garland

File:Volmari Iso-Hollo 1936.jpg

Volmari Iso-Hollo

  • June 1Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian Olympic speed skater (b. 1904)
  • June 2Leo Gorcey, American actor (b. 1917)
  • June 4Rafael Osuna, Mexican tennis champion (b. 1938)
  • June 5Miles Dempsey, British general (b. 1896)
  • June 8Robert Taylor, American actor (b. 1911)
  • June 13Martita Hunt, British actress (b. 1899)
  • June 16Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, British field marshal (b. 1891)
  • June 19Natalie Talmadge, American actress (b. 1898)
  • June 21Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
  • June 22Judy Garland, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • June 23Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish Olympic athlete (b. 1907)
  • June 24Willy Ley, German science writer and space advocate (b. 1906)
  • June 29Moise Tshombe, Congolese politician (b. 1919)

July

File:Brian Jones 1965.jpg

Brian Jones

File:WalterGropius-1919.jpg

Walter Gropius

  • July 2
    • Mikio Naruse, Japanese film director (b. 1905)
    • Michael DiBiase, American wrestler (b 1923)
  • July 3Brian Jones, British rock musician (The Rolling Stones) (b. 1942)
  • July 5
    • Ben Alexander, American actor (b. 1911)
    • Walter Gropius, German architect (b. 1883)
    • Tom Mboya, Kenyan politician (assassinated) (b. 1930)
    • Lambert Hillyer, American film director (b. 1889)
    • Leo McCarey, American film director (b. 1898)
  • July 7Gladys Swarthout, American opera singer (b. 1900)
  • July 9Raizō Tanaka, Japanese admiral (b. 1892)
  • July 15Peter van Eyck, German-American actor (b. 1911)
  • July 18
    • Mary Jo Kopechne, American teacher, secretary, and political campaign specialist (b. 1940)
    • Barbara Pepper, American actress (b. 1915)
  • July 20
    • Cathy Wayne, pop entertainer, first Australian woman killed in Vietnam War (b. 1949)
  • July 24Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (b. 1904)
  • July 25Otto Dix, German painter (b. 1891)
  • July 26Raymond Walburn, American actor (b. 1887)
  • July 28
    • Frank Loesser, American songwriter (b. 1910)
    • Ramón Grau, Cuban president (b. 1882)

August

File:Adorno.jpg

Theodor Adorno

File:Sharon Tate photo.jpg

Sharon Tate

File:Otto Stern 1950s.jpg

Otto Stern

  • August 6Theodor W. Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • August 9
    • Abigail Folger, American socialite, Folgers Coffee heiress, and social worker (b. 1943)
    • Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
    • Jay Sebring, American celebrity hair stylist (b. 1933)
    • Sharon Tate, American actress (assassinated) (b. 1943)
  • August 14Leonard Woolf, English writer (b. 1880)
  • August 17
    • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (b. 1886)
    • Otto Stern, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • August 18Mildred Davis, American actress (b. 1901)
  • August 20Dudley D. Watkins, Scottish illustrator for D. C. Thomson & Co. (b. 1907)
  • August 25Harry Hammond Hess, American geologist and United States Navy officer in World War II (b. 1906)
  • August 27
    • Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (b. 1884)
    • Erika Mann, German writer (b. 1905)
  • August 31Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)

September

File:Ho Chi Minh 1946.jpg

Ho Chi Minh

File:Adolfo López Mateos (1963).jpg

Adolfo López Mateos

October

File:Sonja Henie 1936.jpg

Sonja Henie

  • October 4Natalino Otto, Italian singer (b. 1912)
  • October 6Walter Hagen, American golf champion (b. 1892)
  • October 7Ture Nerman, Swedish politician (b. 1886)
  • October 8Eduardo Ciannelli, Italian actor and singer (b. 1889)
  • October 11Kazimierz Sosnkowski, General of the Polish Army (b. 1885)
  • October 12Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)
  • October 14
    • Arnie Herber, American football player (Green Bay Packers) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1910)
    • August Sang, Estonian poet and literary translator (b. 1914)
  • October 15
    • Rod La Rocque, American actor (b. 1896)
    • Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, 2nd President of Somalia (assassinated) (b. 1919)
  • October 21
    • Jack Kerouac, American author (b. 1922)
    • Wacław Sierpiński, Polish mathematician (b. 1882)
  • October 29Pops Foster, American musician (b. 1892)

November

File:Iskander Mirza.jpg

Iskander Mirza

File:Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. 1938.jpg

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

  • November 5Lloyd Corrigan, American actor (b. 1900)
  • November 8Vesto Slipher, American astronomer (b. 1875)
  • November 11Frank Mills (politician), American politician in Ohio legislature (b. 1904)
  • November 12
    • William F. Friedman, American cryptanalyst (b. 1891)
    • Liu Shaoqi, Chinese revolutionary and statesman and 2nd President of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • November 13Iskander Mirza, 1st President of Pakistan (b. 1899)
  • November 15
    • Roy D'Arcy, American actor (b. 1894)
    • Ignacio Aldecoa, Spanish writer (b. 1925)
    • Billy Southworth, American baseball manager (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1893)
  • November 18Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., American politician (b. 1888)
  • November 28Roy Barcroft, American actor (b. 1902)

December

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-03504A, Claudius Dornier.jpg

Claude Dornier

File:Lefty-odoul.jpg

Lefty O'Doul

  • December 1Magic Sam, American musician (b. 1937)
  • December 2José María Arguedas, Peruvian novelist, poet, and anthropologist (b. 1911).
  • December 3Ruth White, American actress (b. 1914)
  • December 4
    • Mark Clark, American Black Panther (b. 1947)
    • Fred Hampton, American Black Panther (b. 1948)
    • Hugh Oswald Short, aviation pioneer; CEO, Short Brothers (b. 1883)
  • December 5
    • Princess Alice of Battenberg (b. 1885)
    • Claude Dornier, German airplane builder (b. 1884)
  • December 7
    • Lefty O'Doul, American baseball player (b. 1897)
    • Eric Portman, English actor (b. 1901)
  • December 13
    • Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and ambassador (b. 1886)
    • Spencer Williams, American actor (b. 1893)
  • December 16Alphonse Castex, French rugby union player (b. 1899)
  • December 17Artur da Costa e Silva, Brazilian marshal and statesman, 27th President of Brazil (b. 1899)
  • December 21Georges Catroux, French Army general and colonial governor (b. 1877)
  • December 22
    • Josef von Sternberg, Austrian film director (b. 1894)
    • Enrique Peñaranda, 45th President of Bolivia (b. 1892)
  • December 24
    • Stanisław Błeszyński, Polish entomologist (b. 1927)
    • Cortelia Clark, African American blues singer and guitarist (b. 1907)
    • Olivia FitzRoy, British author of children's books (b. 1921)
    • Seabury Quinn, American author (b. 1889)
    • Alfred B. Skar, Norwegian politician (b. 1896)
  • December 29Ricardo de la Guardia, former President of Panama (b. 1899)
  • December 31Joseph Yablonski, murdered American labor leader (b. 1910)

Date unknown

  • George de la Warr, British alternative physician (b. 1904)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsMurray Gell-Mann
  • ChemistryDerek Harold Richard Barton, Odd Hassel
  • MedicineMax Delbrück, Alfred Hershey, Salvador Luria
  • LiteratureSamuel Beckett
  • PeaceInternational Labour Organization
  • EconomicsRagnar Frisch, Jan Tinbergen

References

  1. "Orkney remembers Longhope disaster", STV News, 17 March 2009. Accessed 27 June 2013
  2. "Manned Space Chronology: Apollo_11". spaceline.org. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  3. "Apollo Anniversary: Moon Landing "Inspired World"". nationalgeographic.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  4. "Pope Paul VI's Apostolic Pilgrimage to Uganda, 31st July - 2nd August 1969". Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  5. "AIDS Virus Came to US Via Haiti". Voanews.com. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  6. Dennis M. Ritchie, "The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System", Lucent Technologies, 1996; accessed 27 June 2013.


Introductions

Literature

  1. Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut

Television

  1. Monty Python's Flying Circus

Music

Albums

  1. The Band The Band

Singles

  1. Oh Well Fleetwood Mac
  2. Something in the Air Thunderclap Newman
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