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Events

January

File:Captain Franklin P. Eller during Tet Offensive Vietnam.jpg

January 30: Tet begins.

  • January 5thPrague Spring: Alexander Dubček is chosen as the leader of the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia.[1]
  • January 8 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson endorses the I'm Backing Britain campaign for working an additional half-hour each day without pay.[2]
  • January 14 – The Green Bay Packers defeat the Oakland Raiders by the score of 33-14 in Super Bowl II at the Miami Orange Bowl.
  • January 15 – An earthquake in Sicily kills 380 and injures around 1,000.[3][4]
  • January 17Lyndon B. Johnson calls for the non-conversion of the U.S. dollar.
  • January 21
    • Vietnam WarBattle of Khe Sanh: One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins, ending on April 8.
    • A U.S. B-52 Stratofortress crashes in Greenland, discharging 4 nuclear bombs.
  • January 22Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC.
  • January 23North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying.
  • January 25 – The Israeli submarine INS Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 69.
File:USS Pueblo (AGER-2).jpg

January 23 USS Pueblo

  • January 28 – The French submarine Minerve sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 52.
  • January 30Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins, as Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks across South Vietnam.
  • January 31
    • Việt Cộng soldiers attack the US Embassy, Saigon.
    • Nauru president Hammer DeRoburt declares independence from Australia.

February

File:1968 Winter Olympics logo.png

1968 Winter Olympics

  • February 1
    • Vietnam War: A Viet Cong officer named Nguyễn Văn Lém is executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The event is photographed by Eddie Adams. The photo makes headlines around the world, eventually winning the 1969 Pulitzer Prize, and sways U.S. public opinion against the war.
    • The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad merge to form Penn Central, the largest ever corporate merger up to this date.
  • February 6February 18 – The 1968 Winter Olympics are held in Grenoble, France.
  • February 8American civil rights movement: A civil rights protest staged at a white-only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken up by highway patrolmen; 3 college students are killed.
  • February 11
    • Border clashes take place between Israel and Jordan.
    • Madison Square Garden in New York City opens at its current location.
  • February 12Vietnam War: Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre.
  • February 13 – Civil rights disturbances occur at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  • February 17 – Administrative reforms in Romania divide the country into 39 counties.
  • February 19
    • The Florida Education Association (FEA) initiates a mass resignation of teachers to protest state funding of education. This is, in effect, the first statewide teachers' strike in the United States.
    • NET televises the very first episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.
  • February 24Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Huế.
  • February 25Vietnam War: Hà My massacre.
  • February 27 – Ex-Teenagers singer Frankie Lymon is found dead from a heroin overdose in Harlem.

March

  • March 7Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends.
  • March 8 – The first student protests spark the 1968 Polish political crisis.

Vietnam War]]: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the then-secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War.

  • March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding.[5]
  • March 12
    • Mauritius achieves independence from British rule.
    • U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson barely edges out antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy in the New Hampshire Democratic primary, a vote which highlights the deep divisions in the country, and the party, over Vietnam.
  • March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina.
  • March 14Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.
  • March 15 – British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns.
  • March 16
    • Vietnam WarMy Lai Massacre: American troops kill scores of civilians. The story will first become public in November 1969 and will help undermine public support for the U.S. efforts in Vietnam.
    • U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy enters the race for the Democratic Party presidential nomination.
  • March 17 – A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested.
  • March 18Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency.
  • March 19March 23Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum.
  • March 22Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.
  • March 24Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew.
  • March 26Joan Baez marries activist David Harris in New York.
  • March 28Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship.
  • March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.

April

  • April 2
    • Bombs explode at midnight in two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main; Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin are later arrested and sentenced for arson.
    • The film 2001: A Space Odyssey premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • April 3 – The American movie Planet of the Apes is released in theaters.
  • April 4
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards.
    • Apollo program: Apollo-Saturn mission 502 (Apollo 6) is launched, as the second and last unmanned test-flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle.
  • April 6
    • La, la, la by Massiel (music and lyrics by Manuel de la Calva and Ramón Arcusa) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 for Spain, at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
    • A shootout between Black Panthers and Oakland police results in several arrests and deaths, including 16-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton.
    • A double explosion in downtown Richmond, Indiana kills 41 and injures 150.
  • April 7 – Racing driver Jim Clark is killed in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim.
  • April 8 – The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (under Department of Justice) (BNDD) is created.
  • April 10 – The ferry Template:Ship strikes a reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour, New Zealand, with the loss of 53 lives, in Cyclone Giselle, which created the windiest conditions ever recorded in New Zealand.
  • April 11
    • Josef Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of the left-wing movement (APO) in Germany, and tries to commit suicide afterwards, failing in both, although Dutschke dies of his brain injuries 11 years later.
    • German left-wing students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and many are arrested (one of them Ulrike Meinhof).
    • U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
    • MGM's classic film The Wizard of Oz makes its NBC debut after being telecast on CBS since 1956. It will remain on NBC for the next 8 years.
  • April 18John Rennie's 1831 New London Bridge is sold to Arizona entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch and is rebuilt in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, reopening on October 5, 1971.
  • April 20
    • Pierre Elliott Trudeau becomes the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.[6]
    • English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.
  • April 23
    • President Mobutu releases captured mercenaries in the Congo.
    • Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain.
    • The United Methodist Church is created by the union of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.
  • April 23April 30Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university (see main article Columbia University protests of 1968).
  • April 26 – The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie.
  • April 29 – The musical Hair officially opens on Broadway.

May

  • May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts.
  • May 3Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, killing all 85 persons on board.
  • May 13Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris.
  • May 13Manchester City wins the 1967–68 Football League First Division by 2 clear points, over club rivals Manchester United
  • May 14The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference.
  • May 15 – An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas.
  • May 16Ronan Point, a 23 floor tower block in Canning Town, east London, partially collapses after a gas explosion, killing 5.
  • May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War.
  • May 18 – West Bromwich Albion win the Football Association Cup, defeating Everton 1-0 after extra time. The winning goal was scored by Jeff Astle.
  • May 19
    • A general election is held in Italy.
    • Nigerian forces capture Port Harcourt and form a ring around the Biafrans. This contributes to a humanitarian disaster as the surrounded population already suffers from hunger and starvation.
  • May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
  • May 29Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so.
  • May 30Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.

June

  • June 1Helen Keller dies at the age of 87 years.
  • June 3Radical feminist Valerie Solanas shoots Andy Warhol as he enters his studio, wounding him.
  • June 4 – The Standard & Poor's 500 index closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.38.
  • June 5 – U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Sirhan Sirhan is arrested. Kennedy dies from his injuries the next day.
  • June 8James Earl Ray is arrested for the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr..
  • June 10Italy beats Yugoslavia 2–0 in a replay to win the 1968 European Championship. The original final on June 8 ended 1–1.
  • June 12 – The film Rosemary's Baby premieres in the U.S.
  • June 17 – The Malayan Communist Party launches a second insurgency and the state of emergency is again imposed in Malaysia.
  • June 20Austin Currie, Member of Parliament at Stormont in Northern Ireland, along with others, squats a house in Caledon to protest discrimination in housing allocations.
  • June 23 – A football stampede in Buenos Aires leaves 74 dead and 150 injured.
  • June 24 – Giorgio Rosa declares the independence of his Republic of Rose Island, an artificial island off Rimini, Italy. Italian troops demolish it not long after.
  • June 26 – The Bonin Islands are returned to Japan after 23 years of occupation by the United States Navy.
  • June 30 – The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy heavy military transport aircraft first flies in the U.S. This model will still be in service 40 years later.

July

  • July 1
    • The Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.
    • The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty opens for signature.
  • July 4 – Yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, England after his 354-day round-the-world trip.
  • July 15
  • July 17Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état.
  • July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded.
  • July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
  • July 23July 28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
  • July 25Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled Humanae vitae, condemning birth control.
  • July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.
  • July 29Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries.
  • July 30Thames Television starts transmission in London.

August

  • August 5August 8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. President and Spiro Agnew for Vice President.
  • August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Railways steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special.
  • August 18 – Two charter buses are pushed into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan, in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed.
  • August 20August 21 – The Prague Spring of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 planes invade Czechoslovakia. It is dated as the biggest operation in Europe since WWII ended.
  • August 21 – The Medal of Honor is posthumously awarded to James Anderson, Jr.—he is the first black U.S. Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • August 24 – France explodes its first hydrogen bomb.
  • August 22August 30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago, Illinois, outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. President, and Edmund Muskie for Vice President. The riots and subsequent trials were an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party.
  • August 28John Gordon Mein, US Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City. First US Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty.
  • August 29Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years, in Oslo.

September

  • September 6
    • Swaziland becomes independent.
    • 150 women (members of New York Radical Women) arrive in Atlantic City, New Jersey to protest against the Miss America Pageant, as exploitative of women. Led by activist and author Robin Morgan, it is one of the first large demonstrations of Second Wave Feminism as Women's Liberation begins to gather much media attention.
  • September 11
    • The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is founded.
    • French General René Cogny and 94 others die in an Air France Caravelle jetliner crash near Nice in the Mediterranean.
  • September 13
    • Albania officially retreats from the Warsaw Pact upon the Soviet Union-led Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, having already ceased to participate actively in Pact activity since 1962.
    • US Army Maj. Gen. Keith L. Ware, WWII Medal of Honor recipient, is killed when his helicopter is shot down in Vietnam. He is posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
    • Agreement for merger between the General Electric Company and English Electric, the largest industrial merger in the UK up to this date.
  • September 14Detroit Tiger Denny McLain becomes the first baseball pitcher to win 30 games in a season since 1934. He remains the last to accomplish the feat.
  • September 17 – The D'Oliveira affair: The Marylebone Cricket Club tour of South Africa is cancelled when the South Africans refuse to accept the presence of Basil D'Oliveira, a Cape Coloured, in the side.
  • September 20Hawaii Five-O debuts on CBS, and eventually becomes the longest-running crime show in television history, until Law & Order overtakes it in 2003.
  • September 21 – The Soviet's Zond 5 unmanned lunar flyby mission returns to earth, with its first of a kind biological payload intact.
  • September 23Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam.
  • September 2460 Minutes debuts on CBS and is still on the air as of 2016.
  • September 27Marcelo Caetano becomes prime minister of Portugal.
  • September 29 – A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta.
  • September 30 – At Paine Field, near Everett, Washington in the United States, Boeing officially rolls out its new 747 for the media and the public.

October

File:1968 Mexico emblem.svg

1968 Summer Olympics

  • October 2Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
  • October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution.
  • October 5Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of The Troubles.
  • October 7José Feliciano At the height of protests against the Vietnam War, Jose Feliciano performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Tiger Stadium in Detroit during Game 5 pre-game ceremonies of the 1968 World Series between the Tigers and the St. Louis Cardinals. His personalized, slow, Latin jazz performance proved highly controversial, opening the door for later interpretations of the national anthem.
  • October 8Vietnam WarOperation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
  • October 10Detroit Tiger Major League Baseball's Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in 7 games (4-3) after being down 3 games to 1, completing an unlikely comeback against the heavily favored Cardinals led by the overpowering right-handed pitcher Bob Gibson.
  • October 11
    • Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham). Mission goals include the first live television broadcast from orbit and testing the lunar module docking maneuver.
    • In Panama, a military coup d'état, led by Col. Boris Martinez and Col. Omar Torrijos, overthrows the democratically elected (but highly controversial) government of President Arnulfo Arias. Within a year, Torrijos ousts Martinez and takes charge as de facto Head of Government in Panama.
  • October 12October 27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • October 12Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain.
  • October 14Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
  • October 15Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England[7]
  • October 16
    • In Mexico City, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their arms in a black power salute after winning, respectively, the gold and bronze medals in the Olympic men's 200 metres.
    • Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, provoked by the banning of Walter Rodney from the country.
  • October 18 – US athlete Bob Beamon breaks the long jump world record by 55cm / 21 3/4ins at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. His record stands for 23 years, and is still the second longest jump in history.
  • October 20 – Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the Greek island of Skorpios.
  • October 22 – The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted.
  • October 31Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.

November

  • November 5
    • U.S. presidential election, 1968: Republican challenger Richard Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George C. Wallace.
    • Luis A. Ferré, of the newly formed New Progressive Party is elected Governor of Puerto Rico, by beating incumbent governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella of the People's Party, Luis Negrón López of the Popular Democratic Party and Antonio J. Gonzalez of the Puerto Rican Independence Party, he also becomes the first "statehooder" governor of the Island.
  • November 11
    • Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations.
    • A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
  • November 14Yale University announces it is going to admit women.
  • November 17 – The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland RaidersNew York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled Heidi. Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32–29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43–32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest.
  • November 19 – In Mali, President Modibo Keïta's regime is overthrown in a bloodless military coup led by Moussa Traoré.[8]
  • November 20 – The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men.
  • November 22
    • The Beatles release their self-titled album popularly known as the White Album.
    • "Plato's Stepchildren", 12th episode of Star Trek 3rd season is aired, featuring the first-ever interracial kiss on U.S. national television between Lieutenant Uhura and Captain James T. Kirk.
  • November 24 – 4 men hijack Pan Am Flight 281 from JFK International Airport, New York to Havana, Cuba.
  • November 26Vietnam War: United States Air Force First Lieutenant and Bell UH-1F helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire, earning a Medal of Honor for his bravery.
  • November 27–30 – First National Women's Liberation Conference in Lake Villa, Illinois.

December

  • December 3 – If I Can Dream marks the concert return of Elvis Presley.
  • December 6The Rolling Stones release Beggars Banquet, which contains the classic song "Sympathy for the Devil."
  • December 9Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as "The Mother of All Demos".
  • December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved "300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo.
  • December 11 – The film Oliver!, based on the hit London and Broadway musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in England. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.
  • December 13 – Prompted by growing unrest and proliferation of pro-communist terrorist actions, Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva enacts the so-called AI-5, the fifth of a series of non-constitutional emergency decrees that helped stabilize the country after the turmoils of the early 1960s.
  • December 17 – 11-year-old Mary Bell is found guilty of murdering two small boys and sentenced to life in Detention, but is later released from prison in 1980 and granted anonymity.
  • December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California.
  • December 22
    • David Eisenhower, grandson of former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, marries Julie Nixon, the daughter of U.S. President-elect Richard Nixon.
    • Mao Zedong advocates that educated youth in urban China be re-educated in the country. It marks the start of the "Up to the mountains and down to the villages" movement.
  • December 24Apollo program: U.S. spacecraft Apollo 8 enters orbit around the Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William A. Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole. The crew also reads from Genesis.
  • December 26Led Zeppelin make their American debut in Denver, CO.
  • December 28 – Israeli forces launch an attack on Beirut airport, destroying more than a dozen aircraft.

Dates unknown

  • The Khmer Rouge is officially formed in Cambodia as an offshoot movement of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam to bring communism to the nation. A few years later, they will become bitter enemies.
  • Mattel's Hot Wheels toy cars are introduced.
  • United Artists pulls eleven Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons in its library from television due to the depiction of racist stereotypes towards African-Americans. These cartoons come to be known as the Censored Eleven.

Births

January

File:Cuba Gooding Jr. 2012.jpg

Cuba Gooding, Jr.

File:Retton-m.jpg

Mary Lou Retton

File:King of Spain 2015 (cropped).JPG

Felipe VI of Spain

February

File:Lavinia Agache 2.jpg

Lavinia Agache

File:Gary Coleman cropped.jpg

Gary Coleman

File:Josh Brolin Berlin 2016.jpg

Josh Brolin

File:MollyRingwaldApr2013.jpg

Molly Ringwald

March

File:Daniel Craig - Film Premiere "Spectre" 007 - on the Red Carpet in Berlin (22387409720) (cropped).jpg

Daniel Craig

File:Bajnai Jerusalem.jpg

Gordon Bajnai

File:Céline Dion 2012.jpg

Celine Dion

  • March 1
    • Kunjarani Devi, Indian weightlifter
    • Muho Noelke, German Zen master
  • March 2Daniel Craig, British actor
  • March 3Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
  • March 4
    • Giovanni Carrara, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
    • Patsy Kensit, British actress
  • March 5Gordon Bajnai, Hungarian Prime Minister
  • March 6Moira Kelly, American actress
  • March 7Jeff Kent, American baseball player
  • March 10Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament
  • March 11Lisa Loeb, American singer
  • March 12Aaron Eckhart, American actor
  • March 13
    • Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
    • Masami Okui, Japanese singer
  • March 14James Frain, British actor
  • March 15
    • Mark McGrath, American singer (Sugar Ray)
    • Terje Riis-Johansen, Norwegian politician
  • March 16Trevor Wilson, American basketball player
  • March 18Shinichiro Miki, Japanese voice actor
  • March 19Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
  • March 20Carlos Almeida, Cape Verdean long-distance runner
  • March 22Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993)
  • March 23
    • Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter and musician (Blur)
    • Mike Atherton, English cricketer
    • Mitch Cullin, American novelist
  • March 26
    • Kenny Chesney, American country music singer
    • James Iha, American rock musician
  • March 28
    • Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004)
    • Nasser Hussain, English cricketer
  • March 29Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer
  • March 30Céline Dion, Canadian singer

April

File:Patricia Arquette - Monte-Carlo.jpg

Patricia Arquette

  • April 1
    • Julia Boutros, Lebanese singer
    • Andreas Schnaas, German director
  • April 5
    • Paula Cole, American singer
    • Stewart Lee, English stand-up comedian
  • April 8Patricia Arquette, American actress
  • April 12
    • Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Ott, English musician and record producer
  • April 13Jørn Stubberud, Norwegian musician
  • April 14Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer
  • April 15Stacey Williams, American model
  • April 16Martin Dahlin, Swedish football player
  • April 17Julie Fagerholt, Danish fashion designer
  • April 18David Hewlett, English-born Canadian actor, writer and director
  • April 19Ashley Judd, American actress
  • April 20
    • J.D. Roth, American television host
    • Yelena Välbe, Russian cross-country skier
  • April 23Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)
  • April 24
    • Stacy Haiduk, American actress
    • Yuji Nagata, Japanese professional wrestler
  • April 28Howard Donald, British singer (Take That)
  • April 29
    • Michael Herbig, German film director, actor and author
    • Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler
    • Jürgen Vogel, German actor
  • April 30T. T. Boy, American porn producer and actor

May

File:Kylie Brazil 2015 (2).jpg

Kylie Minogue

  • May 1Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
  • May 2Hikaru Midorikawa, Japanese voice actor
  • May 7Traci Lords, American actress/porn star
  • May 9Marie-José Pérec, French athlete
  • May 12Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
  • May 13Sonja Zietlow, German television presenter
  • May 16Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress
  • May 17Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider
  • May 20
    • Timothy Olyphant, American actor
    • Waisale Serevi, Fijian rugby player
  • May 21Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (d. 1985)
  • May 22Graham Linehan, Irish television writer and director
  • May 24Charles De'Ath, English actor
  • May 26Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
  • May 27
    • Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player
    • Frank Thomas, American baseball player
  • May 28Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer
  • May 30Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator

June

File:Maldini2008.JPG

Paolo Maldini

  • June 1
    • Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
    • Karen Mulder, Dutch model and singer
  • June 2
    • Beetlejuice, member of the Wack Pack (The Howard Stern Show)
    • Jon Culshaw, English impressionist
  • June 9Alexandr Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
  • June 10
    • Bill Burr, American comedian
    • Nobutoshi Canna, Japanese voice actor
  • June 14Yasmine Bleeth, American actress
  • June 20Robert Rodriguez, American film director
  • June 21Sonique, British singer
  • June 26
    • Paolo Maldini, Italian football player
    • Iwan Roberts, Welsh footballer
    • Shannon Sharpe, American football player and commentator
  • June 28Adam Woodyatt, British actor
  • June 29
    • Theoren Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Brian d'Arcy James, American actor and musician
  • June 30Philip Anselmo, American musician

July

File:Robert Korzeniowski.jpg

Robert Korzeniowski, 1996 Olympic gold medalist

  • July 5Ken Akamatsu, Japanese manga artist
  • July 7
    • Jorja Fox, American actress
    • Allen Payne, American actor
    • Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
  • July 8
    • Billy Crudup, American actor
    • Akio Suyama, Japanese voice actor
    • Josephine Teo, Singaporean politician.
    • Michael Weatherly, American actor
  • July 9Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor
  • July 10Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
  • July 13Omi Minami, Japanese voice actress
  • July 15Eddie Griffin, American actor and comedian
  • July 16
    • Dhanraj Pillay, Indian field hockey player
    • Barry Sanders, American football player
  • July 17Darren Day, British actor and TV presenter
  • July 19Robert Flynn, American vocalist and guitarist (Machine Head)
  • July 20Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian director
  • July 21Johnnie Barnes, American football player
  • July 23
    • Gary Payton, American basketball player
    • Stephanie Seymour, American model and actress
  • July 24
    • Laura Leighton, American actress
    • Kristin Chenoweth, American soprano and actress
  • July 27Julian McMahon, Australian actor
  • July 30Terry Crews, American actor and former NFL player
  • July 30Robert Korzeniowski, Polish athlete

August

File:Gillian Anderson 2013 (cropped).jpg

Gillian Anderson

File:Eric Bana 2014 WonderCon (cropped).jpg

Eric Bana

  • August 3Rod Beck, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • August 4
    • Lee Mack, British actor and stand-up comedian
    • Olga Neuwirth, Austrian composer
  • August 5
    • Terri Clark, American country music singer
    • Marine Le Pen, French politician
    • Colin McRae, Scottish rally car driver (d. 2007)
  • August 9
    • Gillian Anderson, American actress
    • Eric Bana, Australian actor
    • James Roy, Australian author
  • August 10Greg Hawgood, Canadian ice hockey player
  • August 11Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (d. 2009)
  • August 12
    • Pablo Rey, Spanish painter
    • Paul Tucker, English songwriter and record producer (Lighthouse Family)
    • Kōji Yusa, Japanese voice actor
  • August 14
    • Catherine Bell, American actress
    • Darren Clarke, Northern Irish professional golfer
    • Jason Leonard, English rugby player
  • August 15Debra Messing, American actress
  • August 17
    • Ed McCaffrey, American football player
    • Bruno van Pottelsberghe, Belgian economist
  • August 20Yuri Shiratori Japanese actress and singer
  • August 21Dina Carroll, British singer
  • August 24
    • Shoichi Funaki, Japanese professional wrestler
    • Hiroshi Kitadani, Japanese singer
    • Tim Salmon, American baseball player
  • August 25Rachael Ray, American television chef and host
  • August 27Luis Tascón, Venezuelan politician (d. 2010)
  • August 28Billy Boyd, Scottish actor
  • August 31
    • Valdon Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician and Australian football player
    • Hideo Nomo, Japanese baseball player

September

File:John DiMaggio by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg

John DiMaggio

File:Guy Ritchie 2012.jpg

Guy Ritchie

File:Laura Cutina.jpg

Laura Cutina

File:Will Smith by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Will Smith

File:Finlands statsminister Mari Kiviniemi, Nordiska radets session 201.jpg

Mari Kiviniemi

Template:Double image

  • September 1
    • Mohamed Atta, 9/11 ringleader of the hijackers and pilot of American Airlines Flight 11 (d. 2001)
    • Atsuko Yuya, Japanese voice actress
  • September 3Raymond Coulthard, English actor
  • September 4
    • John DiMaggio, American voice actor
    • Phill Lewis, American actor
    • Mike Piazza, American baseball player
  • September 5Thomas Levet, French golfer
  • September 7
    • Marcel Desailly, French footballer
    • Lucy Robinson, British actress
  • September 8Paul Mazurkiewicz, American drummer, Cannibal Corpse
  • September 9Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • September 10
    • Big Daddy Kane, American hip-hop artist
    • Guy Ritchie, British film director
  • September 11
    • Kay Hanley, American musician
    • Tetsuo Kurata, Japanese actor
  • September 13Laura Cutina, Romanian artistic gymnast
  • September 15Danny Nucci, American actor
  • September 17
    • Anastacia Newkirk, American singer-songwriter
    • Tito Vilanova, Spanish football manager (d. 2014)
  • September 18Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player
  • September 20
    • Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004)
    • Philippa Forrester, British TV presenter
    • Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress
  • September 21Lisa Angell, French singer
  • September 22Megan Hollingshead, American voice actress
  • September 23Yvette Fielding, English television presenter
  • September 25
    • Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau (d. 2013)
    • John A. List, American economist
    • Will Smith, American rapper and actor
  • September 26
    • James Caviezel, American actor
    • Michelle Meldrum, American guitarist (d. 2008)
    • Ben Shenkman, American television, film and stage actor
    • Tricia O'Kelley, American actress
  • September 27Mari Kiviniemi, 62nd Prime Minister of Finland
  • September 28
    • Mika Häkkinen, Finnish Formula One driver
    • Naomi Watts, English-born Australian actress
  • September 29
    • Patrick Burns, American paranormal investigator and television personality
    • Alex Skolnick, American jazz/heavy metal guitarist
    • Samir Soni, Indian film and TV actor

October

File:Hugh Jackman 2015.jpg

Hugh Jackman

File:Didier Deschamps.jpg

Didier Deschamps

  • October 1
    • Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter
    • Jay Underwood, American actor
  • October 2
    • Lucy Cohu, English actress
    • Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • October 3Paul Crichton, English footballer
  • October 7
    • Luminița Anghel, Romanian dance/pop recording artist, songwriter, TV personality and politician
    • Thom Yorke, British singer/songwriter
  • October 8
    • Daniela Castelo, Argentine journalist (d. 2011)
    • Emily Procter, American actress
  • October 9
    • Troy Davis, American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (d. 2011)
    • Pete Docter, American animator, director
  • October 10
    • Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountainbiker
    • Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish rock singer-songwriter
  • October 11
    • Tiffany Grant, American voice actress
    • Jane Krakowski, American actress
    • Brett Salisbury, Author, QB
  • October 12Hugh Jackman, Australian actor
  • October 13Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer
  • October 14Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
  • October 15
    • Didier Deschamps, French footballer
    • Jyrki 69, Finnish singer
    • Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • October 17Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician and oldest son of Bob Marley
  • October 22Shaggy, Jamaican singer
  • October 24Mark Walton American story artist, actor
  • October 27Alain Auderset, Swedish writer
  • October 28Juan Orlando Hernández, 55th President of Honduras
  • October 29Tsunku, Japanese singer, music producer, and song composer

November

File:Owen Wilson Cannes 2011.jpg

Owen Wilson

  • November 1Silvio Fauner, Italian cross-country skier
  • November 3Debbie Rochon, Canadian actress
  • November 4
    • Lee Germon, New Zealand cricketer
    • Daniel Landa, Czech composer, singer and actor
    • Miles Long, American pornographic actor and director
  • November 5Sam Rockwell, American actor
  • November 6
    • Caesar Meadows, American cartoonist
    • Kelly Rutherford, American actress
  • November 8
    • Parker Posey, American actress
    • Zara Whites, Dutch actress
  • November 9Nazzareno Carusi, Italian classical pianist
  • November 11David L. Cook, American Christian recording star
  • November 12
  • November 13Pat Hentgen, American baseball player
  • November 14
    • Janine Lindemulder, American adult film actress
    • Serge Postigo, Canadian actor
  • November 15
    • Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper (d. 2004)
    • Fausto Brizzi, Italian screenwriter and film director
  • November 16Tammy Lauren, American actress
  • November 18
    • Barry Hunter, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
    • Luizianne Lins, Brazilian politician
    • Gary Sheffield, American retired baseball player
    • Owen Wilson, American actor and comedian
  • November 20
    • Chew Chor Meng, Singaporean Chinese television actor
    • John Trobaugh, American artist and photographer
  • November 21
    • Qiao Hong, Chinese table tennis player
    • Sean Schemmel, American voice actor
    • Alex James, English bassist (Blur) and cheesemaker
  • November 22
    • Sidse Babett Knudsen, Danish actress
    • Rasmus Lerdorf, Danish-Greenlandic creator of PHP
  • November 23Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar
  • November 24
    • Phil Starbuck, former English footballer
    • yukihiro, Japanese musician (L'Arc-en-Ciel)
  • November 25
    • Tunde Baiyewu, British singer (Lighthouse Family)
    • Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and talk show host
    • Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress
  • November 27Michael Vartan, French actor
  • November 28Ken, Japanese musician (L'Arc-en-Ciel)
  • November 29Jonathan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • November 30
    • Des'ree, British singer
    • Rica Matsumoto, Japanese voice actress and singer

December

File:Lucy Liu Comic-Con 2012.jpg

Lucy Liu

File:Brendan Fraser in 2006.jpg

Brendan Fraser

File:Course spécialment - champions médaillés d'Albertville.jpg

Fabrice Guy

  • December 2Lucy Liu, American actress
  • December 3
    • Brendan Fraser, Canadian-American actor
    • Montell Jordan, American singer
  • December 5Margaret Cho, American actress and comedian
  • December 7
    • Greg Ayres, American voice actor
    • Mark Geyer, Australian rugby league player
    • Filip Naudts, Belgian photographer
  • December 8
    • Michael Cole, American television sports commentator
    • Wendi Deng, Chinese-American businesswoman
    • Mike Mussina, American baseball player
  • December 9Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic gold medalist
  • December 11Monique Garbrecht-Enfeldt, German speed skater
  • December 17Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver
  • December 18Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
  • December 21Khrystyne Haje, American actress
  • December 22Dina Meyer, American actress
  • December 23Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer
  • December 24Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model
  • December 25Helena Christensen, Danish model
  • December 26Dennis Knight, American professional wrestler
  • December 26Malcolm L. McCallum, American herpetologist, conservation biologist, and environmental scientist
  • December 30Fabrice Guy, French skier
  • December 31Gerry Dee, Canadian actor and stand-up comedian

Date unknown

  • Andrei Ivanovitch, Russian classical pianist
  • George Henry Smyth, Irish artist

Deaths

January

  • January 4Joseph Pholien, former Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1884)
  • January 7
    • Hugo Butler, Canadian screenwriter (b. 1914)
    • Gholamreza Takhti, Iranian wrestler (b. 1930)
    • Mario Roatta, Italian general (b. 1887)
  • January 10Theophilus Ebenhaezer Dönges, Former Prime Minister of South Africa, and elected President of South Africa (b. 1898)
  • January 11Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and Talmudic scholar, and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1876)
  • January 15Bill Masterton, Canadian hockey player (b. 1938)
  • January 18Bert Wheeler, American actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • January 19Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879), winner of the first Indianapolis 500 (1911)
  • January 21Will Lang Jr., American journalist (b. 1914)
  • January 22Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890)
  • January 26Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (b. 1883)
  • January 30Robert Wood Johnson, American business leader and philanthropist (b. 1893)

February

File:Georg Hackenschmidt.jpg

Georg Hackenschmidt

March

File:Gagarin in Sweden.jpg

Yuri Gagarin

  • March 6Léon Mathot, French actor (b. 1886)
  • March 10Helen Walker, American actress (b. 1920)
  • March 16
    • Leon Cadore, American baseball pitcher (b. 1890)
    • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (b. 1895)
    • June Collyer, American actress (b. 1906)
  • March 20
    • Charles Chaplin Jr., American actor (b. 1925)
    • Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director (b. 1889)
  • March 23Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (b. 1918)
  • March 24Alice Guy-Blaché, French film director (b. 1873)
  • March 27Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut, first human in space (b. 1934)
  • March 30Bobby Driscoll, American child actor (b. 1937)

April

File:Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg

Martin Luther King Jr.

May

  • May 1Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1895)
  • May 5Albert Dekker, American actor (b. 1905)
  • May 7
    • Mike Spence, British race car driver (b. 1936)
    • Craig Wood, American golfer (b. 1901)
  • May 9
    • Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893)
    • Finlay Currie, Scottish actor (b. 1878)
    • Marion Lorne, American actress (b. 1883)
  • May 10Scotty Beckett, American actor (b. 1929)
  • May 14Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882)
  • May 21Doris Lloyd, English actress (b. 1896)
  • May 23James Burke, American actor (b. 1886)
  • May 25Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • May 28Kees van Dongen, Dutch-French painter (b. 1877)
  • May 29Arnold Susi, Estonian lawyer and politician (b. 1896)
  • May 31Preben Uglebjerg, Danish actor (b. 1931)

June

File:Hellen Keller circa 1920.jpg

Helen Keller

File:Robert F Kennedy crop.jpg

Robert F. Kennedy

  • June 1Helen Keller, American spokeswoman for the deaf and blind (b. 1880)
  • June 2
    • Jouett Shouse, American politician (b. 1879)
    • Dick Williams, American tennis champion (b. 1891)
  • June 4Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898)
  • June 6
    • Randolph Churchill, British politician, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)
    • Robert F. Kennedy, U.S. Senator and U.S. Attorney General (assassinated) (b. 1925)
  • June 7Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • June 14Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • June 15
    • Sam Crawford, American baseball player (Detroit Tigers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1880)
    • Wes Montgomery, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)
  • June 18Sally O'Neil, American actress (b. 1908)
  • June 21Ingeborg Spangsfeldt, Danish actress (b. 1895)
  • June 24Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924) (suicide)
  • June 29Paddy Driscoll, American football player (Chicago Cardinals) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1895)

July

File:Ugo Frigerio.jpg

Ugo Frigerio

File:Otto Hahn (Nobel).jpg

Otto Hahn

August

  • August 19George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (b. 1904)
  • August 26Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1905)
  • August 27
    • Robert Z. Leonard, American film director (b. 1889)
    • Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (b. 1906)
  • August 29Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (b. 1881)
  • August 31Dennis O'Keefe, American actor (b. 1908)

September

File:Padre Pio.jpg

Pio of Pietrelcina

October

File:Marcel Duchamp 01.jpg

Marcel Duchamp

File:Ramon Novarro photograph.jpg

Ramón Novarro

  • October 2Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887)
  • October 4Hitoshi Imamura, Japanese general (b. 1886)
  • October 9Pierre Mulele, Congolese revolutionary
  • October 10Trevor Housley, Australian public servant (b. 1910)
  • October 13Bea Benaderet, American actress (b. 1906)
  • October 18Lee Tracy, American actor (b. 1898)
  • October 20Bud Flanagan, British entertainer and comedian (b. 1896)
  • October 27Lise Meitner, German-Austrian physicist, discoverer of nuclear fission (b. 1878)
  • October 30
    • Pert Kelton, American actress (b. 1907)
    • Rose Wilder Lane, American author and reporter (b. 1886)
    • Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (b. 1899)
    • Conrad Richter, American writer (b. 1890)

November

File:Charles Bacon 1909.jpg

Charles Bacon

File:Upton Beall Sinclair Jr.jpg

Upton Sinclair

December

File:TallulahBankhead.jpg

Tallulah Bankhead

File:JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG

John Steinbeck

Date unknown

  • Alan Stuart Paterson, New Zealand cartoonist (b. 1902)

Nobel Prizes

References

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  5. Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange. The American Presidency Project. Accessed 2008-04-14.
  6. "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015.
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Further reading

External links

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Introductions

  1. Adidas Telstar
  2. Bean bag chair
  3. Coat of arms of Nauru
  4. Fender Telecaster Bass
  5. Lava lamp
  6. Matthew effect
  7. Flag of Mauritius
  8. Nauru Bwiema

Literature

  1. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick
  2. The Last Unicorn by Peter S. Beagle
  3. Dragonflight by Anne McCaffrey
  4. The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe
  5. The Time Machine/The Invisible Man by H. G. Wells
  6. Dragonriders of Pern by Anne McCaffrey
  7. A Case of Need by Jeffery Hudson
  8. Asterix and Cleopatra by René Goscinny

Music

Albums

  1. The Beatles The Beatles
  2. Electric Ladyland The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  3. Odessey and Oracle The Zombies
  4. White Light/White Heat The Velvet Underground
  5. Astral Weeks Van Morrison
  6. The Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society The Kinks
  7. Beggars Banquet The Rolling Stones
  8. At Folsom Prison Johnny Cash
  9. Once Upon a Time in the West Ennio Morricone
  10. Lady Soul Aretha Franklin
  11. We're Only in It for the Money The Mothers of Invention
  12. Os Mutantes Os Mutantes
  13. Music from Big Pink The Band
  14. S.F. Sorrow Pretty Things
  15. Bookends Simon & Garfunkel
  16. The Notorious Byrd Brothers The Byrds
  17. The United States of America The United States of America
  18. Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis Various Artists
  19. Machine Gun The Peter Brötzmann Octet

Singles

  1. Israelites Desmond Dekker & The Aces

Television

  1. Sol et Gobelet
  2. Journey to the Unknown
  3. Dad's Army
  4. It Takes a Thief
  5. The Batman/Superman Hour
  6. Freewheelers
  7. Adam-12
  8. Wacky Races