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Millennium:
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1964 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1964
MCMLXIV
Ab urbe condita2717
Armenian calendar1413
ԹՎ ՌՆԺԳ
Assyrian calendar6714
Bahá'í calendar120–121
Balinese saka calendar1885–1886
Bengali calendar1371
Berber calendar2914
British Regnal year12 Eliz. 2 – 13 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2508
Burmese calendar1326
Byzantine calendar7472–7473
Chinese calendar癸卯(Water Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
    — to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4661 or 4601
Coptic calendar1680–1681
Discordian calendar3130
Ethiopian calendar1956–1957
Hebrew calendar5724–5725
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2020–2021
 - Shaka Samvat1885–1886
 - Kali Yuga5064–5065
Holocene calendar11964
Igbo calendar964–965
Iranian calendar1342–1343
Islamic calendar1383–1384
Japanese calendarShōwa 39
(昭和39年)
Javanese calendar1895–1896
Juche calendar53
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4297
Minguo calendarROC 53
民國53年
Nanakshahi calendar496
Thai solar calendar2507
Tibetan calendar阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
2090 or 1709 or 937
    — to —
阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
2091 or 1710 or 938

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the , the 64th year of the , and the 5th year of the decade.

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Events

January

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File:Lbj2.jpg

January 8: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty

File:1964 Winter Olympics logo.png

1964 Winter Olympics

  • January – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is dissolved.
  • January 5
    • U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater announces that he will seek the Republican nomination for President.
    • In the first meeting between leaders of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches since the 15th century, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople meet in Jerusalem.
  • January 7 – A British firm, the Leyland Motor Corp., announces the sale of 450 buses to the Cuban government, challenging the United States blockade of Cuba.
  • January 8 – In his first State of the Union Address, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson declares a "War on Poverty".
  • January 9Martyrs' Day: Armed clashes between United States troops and Panamanian civilians in the Panama Canal Zone precipitate a major international crisis, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and 4 U.S. soldiers.
  • January 10Introducing... The Beatles is released by Chicago's Vee-Jay Records to get the jump on Capitol Records' release of Meet the Beatles!, scheduled for January 20. The two record companies fight over Vee-Jay's release of this album in court.
  • January 11United States Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous to one's health (the first such statement from the U.S. government).
  • January 12
    • Zanzibar Revolution: The predominantly Arab government of Zanzibar is overthrown by African nationalist rebels; a United States Navy destroyer evacuates 61 U.S. citizens.
    • Routine U.S. naval patrols of the South China Sea begin.
  • January 13 – In Manchester, New Hampshire, 14-year-old Pamela Mason is murdered. Edward Coolidge is tried and convicted of the crime, but the conviction is set aside by the landmark Fourth Amendment case "Coolidge vs. New Hampshire (1971)."
  • January 16
    • Musical Hello, Dolly! opens in New York's St. James Theatre.
    • John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, resigns from NASA.
  • January 17
    • John Glenn announces that he will seek the Democratic nomination for U.S. Senator from Ohio.
    • Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. in the United States. It will later be published by George Allen & Unwin in the United Kingdom on November 23.
  • January 18 – Plans to build the New York City World Trade Center are announced.
  • January 20Meet the Beatles!, the first Beatles album from Capitol Records in the United States, is released ten days after Chicago's Vee-Jay Records releases Introducing... The Beatles. The two record companies battle it out in court for months, eventually coming to a conclusion.
  • January 22Kenneth Kaunda is inaugurated as the first Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia.
  • January 23
    • Pope Paul VI institutes the World Day of Prayer for Vocations. During this celebration the Pope reminds the universal Church that still today salvation comes to everyone. It continues to be celebrated every Fourth Sunday of Easter also known as Good Shepherd Sunday.
    • Thirteen years after its proposal and nearly 2 years after its passage by the United States Senate, the 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
    • Arthur Miller's After the Fall opens Off-Broadway. A semi-autobiographical work, it arouses controversy over his portrayal of late ex-wife Marilyn Monroe.
  • January 27
    • France and the People's Republic of China announce their decision to establish diplomatic relations.
    • U.S. Senator Margaret Chase Smith, 66, announces her candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.
  • January 28 – A U.S. Air Force jet training plane that strays into East Germany is shot down by Soviet fighters near Erfurt; all 3 crew men are killed.
  • January 29February 9 – The 1964 Winter Olympics are held in Innsbruck, Austria.
  • January 29
    • The Soviet Union launches 2 scientific satellites, Elektron I and II, from a single rocket.
    • Ranger 6 is launched by NASA, on a mission to carry television cameras and crash-land on the Moon.
  • January 30 – General Nguyễn Khánh leads a bloodless military coup d'état, replacing Dương Văn Minh as Prime Minister of South Vietnam.

February

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  • February 1The Beatles vault to the #1 spot on the U.S. singles charts for the first time, with "I Want to Hold Your Hand", starting the British Invasion in America.
  • February 3 – Protesting against alleged de facto school racial segregation, Black and Puerto Rican groups in New York City boycott public schools.
  • February 4
    • The Government of the United States authorizes the Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, outlawing the poll tax.
  • February 5 – India backs out of its promise to hold a plebiscite in the disputed territory of Kashmir. In 1948, India had taken the issue of Kashmir to the United Nations Security Council and offered to hold a plebiscite in the held Kashmir under UN supervision.
  • February 6Cuba cuts off the normal water supply to the United States Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, in reprisal for the U.S. seizure 4 days earlier of 4 Cuban fishing boats off the coast of Florida.
  • February 7
    • A Jackson, Mississippi, jury, trying Byron De La Beckwith for the murder of Medgar Evers in June 1963, reports that it cannot reach a verdict, resulting in a mistrial.
    • The Beatles arrive from England at New York City's JFK International Airport, receiving a tumultuous reception from a throng of screaming fans, marking the first occurrence of "Beatlemania" in the United States.
  • February 9The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show, marking their first live performance on American television. Seen by an estimated 73 million viewers, the appearance becomes the catalyst for the mid-1960s "British Invasion" of American popular music.
  • February 11
    • Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
    • The Republic of China (Taiwan) severs diplomatic relations with France because of French recognition of the People's Republic of China.
  • February 17
    • Wesberry v. Sanders (376 US 1 1964): The Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
    • Gabonese president Léon M'ba is toppled by a military coup and his archrival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place. However, French intervention restores M'ba's government the next day.
  • February 23 – Chrysler's second generation hemi racing engine debuts at the Daytona 500. The 426 hemi-powered Plymouth of Richard Petty (#43) wins. Hemi-powered Plymouths finish 1-2-3.
  • February 25Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) beats Sonny Liston in Miami Beach, Florida, and is crowned the heavyweight champion of the world.
  • February 26 – U.S. politician John Glenn slips on a bathroom rug in his Columbus, Ohio, apartment and hits his head on the bathtub, injuring his left inner ear, and prompting him (later that week) to withdraw from the race for the Democratic Party Senate nomination.
  • February 27 – The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
  • February 29 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces that the United States has developed a jet airplane (the A-11), capable of sustained flight at more than 2,000 miles per hour (3,200 km/h) and of altitudes of more than 70,000 feet (21,000 m).

March

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  • March 4Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa is convicted by a federal jury of tampering with a federal jury in 1962.
  • March 6
    • Constantine II becomes King of Greece, upon the death of his father King Paul.
    • Malcolm X, suspended from the Nation of Islam, says in New York City that he is forming a black nationalist party.
    • Boxer Cassius Clay announces the change of his name to Muhammad Ali.[1]
  • March 9
    • New York Times Co. v Sullivan (376 US 254 1964): The United States Supreme Court rules that under the First Amendment, speech criticizing political figures cannot be censored.
    • The first Ford Mustang rolls off the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
  • March 10
    • Soviet military forces shoot down an unarmed reconnaissance bomber that had strayed into East Germany; the 3 U.S. flyers parachute to safety.
    • Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., Ambassador to South Vietnam, wins the New Hampshire Republican primary.
  • March 12Malcolm X leaves the Nation of Islam.
  • March 13The New York Times misreports that 38 neighbors of Kitty Genovese, 28, fail to respond to her cries, as she is being stabbed to death in Queens, New York City, prompting investigation into the bystander effect.
  • March 14 – A Dallas, Texas, jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • March 15Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor marry (for the first time) in Montreal.
  • March 16 – Seargant Loren Bateman was born.
  • March 18 – Approximately 50 Moroccan students broke into the embassy of Morocco in the Soviet Union and staged an all‐day sit-in protesting against sentencing of 11 people to death for the alleged assassination attempt of King Hassan II of Morocco.
  • March 19 – The American Geraldine Jerrie Mock is the first woman to fly solo around the world from March 19 to April 17.
  • March 20June 6 – The first United Nations Conference on Trade and Development takes place.
  • March 20 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
  • March 21Non ho l'età by Gigliola Cinquetti (music by Nicola Salerno, text by Mario Panzeri) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1964 for Italy.
  • March 26 – U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara delivers an address that reiterates American determination to give South Vietnam increased military and economic aid, in its war against the Communist insurgency.
  • March 27 (Good Friday) – The Great Alaskan earthquake, the second most powerful known (and the most powerful earthquake in the United States) at a magnitude of 9.2, strikes Southcentral Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
  • March 28
    • King Saud of Saudi Arabia abdicates the throne.
    • Radio Caroline becomes the United Kingdom's first "Pirate" radio station, broadcasting from a ship anchored just outside UK territorial waters on the east coast.
  • March 30Merv Griffin's game show Jeopardy! debuts on NBC; Art Fleming is its first host.
  • March 31 – The military overthrows Brazilian President João Goulart in a coup, starting 21 years of dictatorship in Brazil. It ends in 1985.

April

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  • April 1 – Deployed military rule in Brazil ended the then government democratically elected president João Goulart.
  • April 2 – Mrs. Malcolm Peabody, 72, mother of Massachusetts Governor Endicott Peabody, is released on $450 bond after spending 2 days in a St. Augustine, Florida, jail, for participating in an anti-segregation demonstration there.
  • April 4
File:Gemini 1.jpg

April 8: Gemini 1 launched.

  • April 6Jigme Palden Dorji, premier of the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan, is shot dead by an unidentified assassin in Puncholing, near the Indian border.
  • April 7IBM announces the System/360.
  • April 8
    • Four of 5 railroad operating unions strike against the Illinois Central Railroad without warning, bringing to a head a 5-year dispute over railroad work rules.
    • Gemini 1 is launched, the first unmanned test of the 2-man spacecraft.
    • From Russia with Love premiers in U.S. movie theaters.
  • April 9 – The United Nations Security Council adopts by a 9–0 vote a resolution deploring a British air attack on a fort in Yemen 12 days earlier, in which 25 persons were reported killed.
  • April 10 – Demolition of the Polo Grounds sports stadium commences in New York City.
  • April 11 – The Brazilian Congress elects Field Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco as President of Brazil.
  • April 12 – In Detroit, Malcolm X delivers a speech entitled "The Ballot or the Bullet"
  • April 13
    • The 36th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
    • Sidney Poitier is the first African-American to win an Academy Award in the category Best Actor in a Leading Role in Lilies of the Field.
  • April 14 – A Delta rocket's third-stage motor ignites prematurely in an assembly room at Cape Canaveral, killing 3.
  • April 16
    • The Rolling Stones release their debut album, The Rolling Stones.
    • Sentences totaling 307 years are passed on 12 men who stole £2.6m in used bank notes, after holding up the night mail train traveling from Glasgow to London in August 1963 – a heist that became known as the Great Train Robbery.
  • April 17
    • In the United States, the Ford Mustang is officially unveiled to the public.
    • Shea Stadium opens in Flushing, New York.
  • April 19 – In Laos, the coalition government of Prince Souvanna Phouma is deposed by a right-wing military group, led by Brig. Gen. Kouprasith Abhay. Not supported by the U.S., the coup is ultimately unsuccessful, and Souvanna Phouma is reinstated, remaining Prime Minister until 1975.
  • April 20
    • U.S. President Lyndon Johnson in New York, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in Moscow, simultaneously announce plans to cut back production of materials for making nuclear weapons.
    • Nelson Mandela makes his "I Am Prepared to Die" speech at the opening of the Rivonia Trial, a key event for the anti-apartheid movement.
    • BBC2 starts broadcasting in the UK.
  • April 22
    • British businessman Greville Wynne, imprisoned in Moscow since 1963 for spying, is exchanged for Soviet spy Gordon Lonsdale.
File:Unisphere.jpg

April 22: 1964 New York World's Fair

    • The 1964 New York World's Fair opens to celebrate the 300th anniversary of New Amsterdam being taken over by British forces under the Duke of York (later King James II) and being renamed New York in 1664. The fair runs until October 18, 1964, and reopens April 21, 1965, finally closing October 17, 1965. (Not sanctioned, due to being within 10 years of the Seattle World's Fair in 1962, some countries decline, but many countries have pavilions with exotic crafts, art and food.)
  • April 25 – Thieves steal the head of the Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen, Denmark (Henrik Bruun confesses in 1997).
  • April 26Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.

May

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  • May 1 – At 4:00 a.m., John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz ran the first computer program written in BASIC (Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code), an easy to learn high level programming language which they created. BASIC was eventually included on many computers and even some games consoles.
  • May 2
    • Senator Barry Goldwater receives more than 75% of the votes in the Texas Republican Presidential primary.
    • Some 400–1,000 students march through Times Square, New York, and another 700 in San Francisco, in the first major student demonstration against the Vietnam War. Smaller marches also occur in Boston, Seattle, and Madison, Wisconsin.
    • Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, hitchhiking in Meadville, Mississippi, are kidnapped and beaten by members of the Ku Klux Klan. Their badly decomposed bodies are found by chance in July during the search for the three victims of the Mississippi civil rights workers' murders.
  • May 4 – The United States Congress recognized Bourbon whiskey as a "distinctive product of the United States".
  • May 7
    • Pacific Air Lines Flight 773 crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger.
    • At a mail rockets demonstration by Gerhard Zucker on Hasselkopf Mountain near Braunlage (Lower Saxonia, Germany), 3 persons are killed by a rocket explosion.
  • May 9 – South Korean President Park Chung-hee reshuffles his Cabinet, after a series of student demonstrations against his efforts to restore diplomatic and trade relations with Japan.
  • May 11Terence Conran opens the first Habitat store on London's Fulham Road.
  • May 12 – Twelve young men in New York City publicly burn their draft cards to protest the war; the first such act of war resistance.[2][3]
  • May 19 – The United States State Department says that more than 40 hidden microphones have been found embedded in the walls of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.
  • May 23
    • Mrs. Madeline Dassault, 63, wife of a French plane manufacturer and politician, is kidnapped while leaving her car in front of her Paris home; she is found unharmed the next day in a farmhouse 27 miles (43 km) from Paris.
    • Pablo Picasso paints his fourth Head of a Bearded Man.
  • May 2425 – The crowd at a football match in Lima, Peru riots over a referee's decision in the Peru-Argentina game; 319 are killed, 500 injured.
  • May 26Nelson Rockefeller defeats Barry Goldwater in the Oregon Republican primary, slowing but not stalling Goldwater's drive toward the nomination.
  • May 27 – Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru dies; he is succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri.
  • May 28 – The Charter of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is released by Arab League.
  • May 30Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald are killed in a fiery crash during the 1964 Indianapolis 500.

June

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  • June 2
    • Senator Barry Goldwater wins the California Republican Presidential primary, making him the overwhelming favorite for the nomination.
    • Five million shares of stock in the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat) are offered for sale at $20 a share, and the issue is quickly sold out.
  • June 3 – South Korean President Park Chung-hee declares martial law in Seoul, after 10,000 student demonstrators overpower police.
  • June 6 – With a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven are terminated.
  • June 9 – In Federal Court in Kansas City, Kansas, army deserter George John Gessner, 28, is convicted of passing United States secrets to the Soviet Union.
  • June 10
    • The U.S. Senate votes cloture of the Civil Rights Bill after a 75-day filibuster.
    • The Deacons for Defense and Justice (Black self-defense organization) is founded in Jonesboro, Louisiana.
  • June 11
    • Greece rejects direct talks with Turkey over Cyprus.
    • Cologne school massacre: In Cologne, West Germany, Walter Seifert attacks students and teachers in an elementary school with a flamethrower, killing 10 and injuring 21.
  • June 12
    • Pennsylvania Governor William Scranton announces his candidacy for the Republican Presidential nomination, as part of a 'stop-Goldwater' movement.
    • Nelson Mandela and 7 others are sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa, and sent to the Robben Island prison.
  • June 16 – Keith Bennett, 12, is abducted by Myra Hindley and Ian Brady. As of 2016, his body has not been recovered.
  • June 17 – Author Ken Kesey and his Merry Pranksters embark on their cross-country trip aboard Further (bus) spreading the gospel of LSD.
  • June 19 – U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, 32, is seriously injured in a private plane crash at Southampton, Massachusetts; the pilot is killed.
  • June 20 – The Ford GT40 makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It does not see its first victory, however, until 1966. At the same event, the AC Cobra wins its class in its second Le Mans appearance.
  • June 21
    • African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68): Mississippi civil rights workers' murders – Three Congress of Racial Equality workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, are abducted and murdered near Philadelphia, Mississippi, by local members of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan with local law enforcement officials involved in the conspiracy. Their bodies are not found until August 4.
    • Spain beats the Soviet Union 2–1 to win the 1964 European Nations Cup.
    • Jim Bunning pitches a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies, the first in the National League since 1880.
  • June 26Moise Tshombe returns to the Democratic Republic of the Congo from exile in Spain.
  • June 29Manx Radio commences broadcasting from Douglas, Isle of Man after receiving its first Low power broadcast licence from the United Kingdom's General Post Office.

July

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  • July 2 – President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law, officially abolishing racial segregation in the United States.
  • July 6Malawi receives its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • July 8 – U.S. military personnel announce that U.S. casualties in Vietnam have risen to 1,387, including 399 dead and 17 MIA.
  • July 16 – At the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, U.S. presidential nominee Barry Goldwater declares that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice", and "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue".
  • July 18
    • Six days of race riots begin in Harlem.
    • Judith Graham Pool publishes her discovery of cryoprecipitate, a frozen blood clotting product made from plasma primarily to treat hemophiliacs around the world.
    • "False Hare" is the final Warner Bros. cartoon with "target" titles.
  • July 19Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Khánh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
  • July 20
    • Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack a provincial capital, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children).
    • The National Movement of the Revolution is instituted as the sole legal political party in the Republic of the Congo.
  • July 21Race riots begin in Singapore between ethnic Chinese and Malays.
  • July 22 – The second meeting of the Organisation of African Unity is held.
  • July 24 – There is a minor criticality accident at a United Nuclear Corporation Fuels recovery plant in Wood River Junction, Richmond, Rhode Island. 37-year-old Robert Peabody dies two days after the incident.
  • July 27Vietnam War: The U.S. sends 5,000 more military advisers to South Vietnam, bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.
  • July 31Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the Moon (images are 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from Earth-bound telescopes).

August

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  • August 1
    • The Final Looney Tune, "Señorella and the Glass Huarache", is released before the Warner Bros. Cartoon Division is shut down by Jack Warner.
  • August 4Vietnam War: United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy are attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin. Air support from the carrier USS Ticonderoga sinks one gunboat, while the other two leave the battle.
  • August 5
    • Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – Aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
    • The Simba rebel army in the Democratic Republic of the Congo captures Stanleyville, and takes 1,000 Western hostages.
  • August 7 – Vietnam War: The United States Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.
  • August 8 – A Rolling Stones gig in Scheveningen gets out of control. Riot police end the gig after about 15 minutes, upon which spectators start to fight the riot police.
  • August 13 – Murderers Gwynne Owen Evans and Peter Anthony Allen become the last people to be executed in the United Kingdom.
  • August 16 – Vietnam War: In a coup, General Nguyễn Khánh replaces Dương Văn Minh as South Vietnam's chief of state and establishes a new constitution, drafted partly by the U.S. Embassy.
  • August 17Margaret Harshaw, Metropolitan Opera soprano, sings the role of Turandot in Puccini's opera Turandot at the New York World's Fair.
  • August 18 – The International Olympic Committee bans South Africa from the Tokyo Olympics on the grounds that its teams are racially segregated.
  • August 20 – The International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium (Intelsat) began to work.
  • August 22
    • Fannie Lou Hamer, civil rights activist and Vice Chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, addresses the Credentials Committee of the Democratic National Convention, challenging the all-white Mississippi delegation.
    • Goalkeeper Derek Foster of Sunderland becomes the youngest-ever player to play in the Football League, aged 15 years and 185 days.
  • August 2427 – The Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City nominates incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson for a full term, and U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota as his running mate.
  • August 27Walt Disney's Mary Poppins has its world premiere in Los Angeles. It will go on to become Disney's biggest moneymaker, and winner of 5 Academy Awards, including a Best Actress award for Julie Andrews, who accepted the part after she was passed over by Jack L. Warner for the leading role of Eliza Doolittle in the film version of My Fair Lady. Mary Poppins is the first Disney film to be nominated for Best Picture.
  • August 2830Philadelphia 1964 race riot: Tensions between African American residents and police lead to 341 injuries and 774 arrests.

September

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  • September 2 – Indian Hungry generation poets are arrested on charges of conspiracy against the state and obscenity in literature.
  • September 4 – The Forth Road Bridge opens over the Firth of Forth.
  • September 10 – The African Development Bank (AfDB) is founded.
  • September 11 – In Jacksonville, Florida, John Lennon announces that the Beatles will not play to a segregated audience.
  • September 14
    • The third period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
    • The London Daily Herald ceases publication, replaced by The Sun.
  • September 16Shindig! premieres on the ABC, featuring the top musical acts of the Sixties.
  • September 17
  • September 18 – In Athens, King Constantine II of Greece marries Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark, who becomes Europe's youngest Queen at age 18 years, 19 days.
    • Jonny Quest premieres on ABC; featured voices include Mike Road, Tim Matheson, Don Messick, John Stephenson, and Danny Bravo.
  • September 20 – At the autumnal equinox, the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids (OBOD) is founded in England.
  • September 21
    • The island of Malta obtains independence from the United Kingdom.
    • The North American XB-70 Valkyrie makes its first flight at Palmdale, California.
  • September 24 – The Warren Commission Report, the first official investigation of the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy, is published.
  • September 25 – The Mozambican War of Independence is launched by FRELIMO.

October

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File:Tokyo 1964 Summer Olympics logo.svg

1964 Summer Olympics

  • October – Dr. Robert Moog demonstrates the prototype Moog synthesizer.[4]
  • October 1
    • Three thousand student activists at University of California, Berkeley, surround and block a police car from taking a CORE volunteer arrested for not showing his ID, when he violated a ban on outdoor activist card tables. This protest eventually explodes into the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.
    • The Shinkansen high-speed rail system, the world's first such system, is inaugurated in Japan, for the first sector between Tokyo and Osaka.
  • October 2The Kinks release their first album, Kinks.
  • October 5
    • Twenty-three men and thirty-one women escape to West Berlin through a narrow tunnel under the Berlin Wall.
    • Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh begin an 8-day visit to Canada.
  • October 1024 – The 1964 Summer Olympics are held in Tokyo.
  • October 12 – The Soviet Union launches Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits. The flight is cut short and lands again on October 13 after 16 orbits.
  • October 14 – American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.
  • October 1415Nikita Khrushchev is deposed as leader of the Soviet Union; Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin assume power.
  • October 15
    • The Labour Party wins the parliamentary elections in the United Kingdom, ending 13 years of Conservative Party rule. The new prime minister is Harold Wilson.[5]
    • Craig Breedlove's jet-powered car Spirit of America goes out of control in Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah and makes skid marks 9.6 km long.
  • October 16
    • Harold Wilson becomes British Prime Minister after leading the Labour Party to a narrow election win over the Tory government of Sir Alec Douglas-Home, which had been in power for 13 years and had four different leaders during that time.[6]
    • 596: The People's Republic of China explodes an atomic bomb in Sinkiang.
  • October 18 – The New York World's Fair closes for the year (it reopens April 21, 1965).
  • October 21 – The film version of the hit Broadway stage musical My Fair Lady premieres in New York City. The movie stars Audrey Hepburn in the role of Eliza Doolittle and Rex Harrison repeating his stage performance as Professor Henry Higgins, and which will win him his only Academy Award for Best Actor. The film will win seven other Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but Audrey Hepburn will not be nominated. Critics interpret this as a rebuke to Jack L. Warner for choosing Ms. Hepburn over Julie Andrews.
  • October 22
    • Canada: A Federal Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects a design to become the new official Flag of Canada.
    • A 5.3 kiloton nuclear device is detonated at the Tatum Salt Dome, 21 miles (34 km) from Hattiesburg, Mississippi, as part of the Vela Uniform program. This test is the Salmon phase of the Atomic Energy Commission's Project Dribble.
  • October 24 – Northern Rhodesia, a former British protectorate, becomes the independent Republic of Zambia, ending 73 years of British rule.
  • October 26Eric Edgar Cooke becomes the last man executed in Western Australia, for murdering 8 citizens in Perth between 1959 and 1963.
  • October 27 – In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, rebel leader Christopher Gbenye takes 60 Americans and 800 Belgians hostage.
  • October 29 – A collection of irreplaceable gemstones, including the 565 carats (113.0 g) Star of India, is stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
  • October 31 – Campaigning at Madison Square Garden, New York, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson pledges the creation of the Great Society.

November

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  • November 1 – Mortar fire from North Vietnamese forces rains on the Bien Hoa Air Base, killing four U.S. servicemen, wounding 72, and destroying five B-57 jet bombers and other planes.
  • November 3
    • United States presidential election, 1964: Incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson defeats Republican challenger Barry Goldwater with over 60 percent of the popular vote.
    • The Bolivian government of President Víctor Paz Estenssoro is overthrown by a military rebellion led by General Alfredo Ovando Candía, commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
  • November 5Mariner program: Mariner 3, a U.S. space probe intended for Mars, is launched from Cape Kennedy but fails.
  • November 9 – The House of Commons of the United Kingdom votes to abolish the death penalty for murder in Britain.
  • November 10 – Australia partially reintroduces compulsory military service due to the Indonesian Confrontation.
  • November 13Bob Pettit (St. Louis Hawks) becomes the first American National Basketball Association player to score 20,000 points.
  • November 19 – The United States Department of Defense announces the closing of 95 military bases and facilities, including the Brooklyn Navy Yard, the Brooklyn Army Terminal, and Fort Jay, New York.
  • November 21
    • Second Vatican Council: The third period of the Catholic Church's ecumenical council closes. Lumen gentium, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, is promulgated.
    • The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge across New York Bay opens to traffic (the world's longest suspension bridge at this time).
  • November 24 – Belgian paratroopers and mercenaries capture Stanleyville, but a number of hostages die in the fighting, among them American Evangelical Covenant Church missionary Dr. Paul Carlson.
  • November 28
    • Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 space probe from Cape Kennedy toward Mars to take television pictures of that planet in July 1965.
    • Vietnam War: United States National Security Council members, including Robert McNamara, Dean Rusk, and Maxwell Taylor, agree to recommend a plan for a 2-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam, to President Lyndon B. Johnson.
    • France performs an underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria.

December

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  • December 1
    • Gustavo Díaz Ordaz takes office as President of Mexico.
    • Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam (after some debate, they agree on a 2-phase bombing plan).
  • December 3
    • Berkeley Free Speech Movement: Police arrest about 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover of and massive sit-in at the Sproul Hall administration building. The sit-in most directly protested the U.C. Regents' decision to punish student activists for what many thought had been justified civil disobedience earlier in the conflict.
    • The Danish football club Brøndby IF was founded as a merger between the two local clubs Brøndbyøster Idrætsforening and Brøndbyvester Idrætsforening. The club has won the national championship Danish Superliga 10 times, and has won the national Danish Cups six times since the club joined the Danish top-flight football league in 1981.
  • December 6 – The 1-hour stop-motion animated special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, based on the popular Christmas song, premieres on NBC. It becomes a beloved Christmas tradition, still being shown on television more than 50 years later.
  • December 9A Love Supreme recorded by John Coltrane with his quartet at Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, United States[7]
  • December 10 – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
  • December 11
    • Sam Cooke, African-American singer and songwriter was shot and killed at a motel in Los Angeles, California (b. 1931)
  • December 11Che Guevara addresses the U.N. General Assembly.[8]
  • December 12Jamhuri Day: Kenya becomes a republic, with Jomo Kenyatta as its first President.
  • December 14Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (379 US 241 1964): The U.S. Supreme Court rules that, in accordance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, establishments providing public accommodation must refrain from racial discrimination.
  • December 15The Washington Post publishes an article about James Hampton, who has built a glittering religious throne out of recycled materials.
  • December 18
    • In the wake of deadly riots in January over control of the Panama Canal, the U.S. offers to negotiate a new canal treaty.
    • The deadly Christmas flood of 1964 begins; It becomes one of the most destructive weather events to affect Oregon in the 20th century.
  • December 21
    • The James Bond film Goldfinger begins its run in U.S. theaters. It becomes one of the most successful and popular Bond films ever made.
    • The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark makes its first flight.
  • December 22
    • Comedian Lenny Bruce is sentenced to 4 months in prison, concluding a 6-month obscenity trial.
    • A cyclone in the Palk Strait destroys the Indian town of Dhanushkodi, killing 1800 people.
    • The Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird makes its first flight at Palmdale, California.
  • December 23Wonderful Radio London becomes the United Kingdom's fourth "Pirate" radio station, broadcasting from MV Galaxy (a former US Navy minesweeper) anchored off the east coast of England, with an American-style Top 40 ("Fab 40") playlist of popular records.
  • December 24Bombing of the Brinks Hotel in Saigon.
  • December 26 – Lesley Ann Downey, 10, is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in Manchester, England.
  • December 27 – The Cleveland Browns defeat the Baltimore Colts, 27-0, in the National Football League Championship Game.
  • December 30United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) established as a permanent organ of the UN General Assembly.

Date unknown

  • Spring – First recognition of cosmic microwave background radiation as a detectable phenomenon.[9]
  • Jerome Horwitz synthesizes zidovudine (AZT), an antiviral drug which will later be used in treating HIV.
  • Farrington Daniels' book Direct Use of the Sun's Energy is published by Yale University Press.
  • Rudi Gernreich designs the original monokini topless swimsuit in the U.S.[10]
  • The Vishva Hindu Pariṣad is founded in India.
  • The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies is established at the University of Birmingham, England, by Richard Hoggart.
  • The first fatality occurs at Disneyland. A 15-year-old boy was injured while riding the Matterhorn Bobsleds and died three days later as a result of his injuries.
  • The Pontiac GTO, the first vehicle to be officially dubbed a "muscle car", debuts as a trim of the Pontiac Tempest.
  • Germaine Greer becomes the first full female member of Cambridge University Footlights revue after joining in her first week at Newnham College, Cambridge.
  • Pete Townshend of The Who destroys his first guitar in the name of auto-destructive art at the Railway Hotel, London.

Births

January

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Nicolas Cage

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Penelope Ann Miller

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Michelle Obama

  • January 1Juliana Donald, American actress.
  • January 2Pernell Whitaker, American boxer
  • January 3Jon Gibson, American Christian musician
  • January 4Dot Jones, American actress and retired athlete
  • January 5Miguel Ángel Jiménez, Spanish golfer
  • January 6
    • Colin Cowherd, American talk show host
    • Henry Maske, German boxer
    • Jacqueline DeLois Moore, American wrestler
    • Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan swimmer and sports commentator (d. 2005)
  • January 7Nicolas Cage, American actor
  • January 12Jeff Bezos, American Internet entrepreneur
  • January 13
    • Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
    • Bill Bailey, British comedian
  • January 15Osmo Tapio Räihälä, Finnish composer
  • January 16Chris Dittmar, Australian squash player
  • January 17
    • Michelle Fairley, Northern Irish actress
    • Michelle Obama, First Lady of the United States
  • January 18Jane Horrocks, British actress
  • January 19Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer
  • January 23
  • January 27Bridget Fonda, American actress
  • January 29Andre Reed, NFL player, 2014 Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
  • January 31Jeff Hanneman, American rock guitarist (Slayer) (d. 2013)

February

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Matt Dillon

  • February 5
    • Laura Linney, American actress
    • Duff McKagan, American rock musician, songwriter
  • February 8German Gref, Minister of Economics and Trade of Russia
  • February 10
    • Glenn Beck, American conservative broadcaster
    • John Campbell, New Zealand broadcaster
  • February 11
    • Sarah Palin, American politician, former Governor of Alaska
    • Ken Shamrock, American mixed martial arts fighter
  • February 15
    • Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
    • Mark Price, American basketball player
  • February 16
    • Bebeto, Brazilian footballer
    • Christopher Eccleston, British actor
  • February 18
    • Matt Dillon, American actor
    • Tommy Scott, British musician and frontman of Space
  • February 19
    • Jonathan Lethem, American author
    • Richard A. Scott, American illustrator
  • February 20Willie Garson, American character actor
  • February 22Diane Charlemagne, English singer (52nd Street, Urban Cookie Collective) (d. 2015)
  • February 24
    • Todd Field, American actor and director
    • Ute Geweniger, German swimmer
  • February 25Lee Evans, British comedian and actor
  • February 28Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan cyclist

March

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Emilia Eberle

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Juliette Binoche

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Steve Wilkos

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Rob Lowe

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Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

  • March 4
    • Paul Bostaph, American drummer
    • Emilia Eberle, Romanian artistic gymnast
    • Tom Lampkin, American baseball player
  • March 6Skip Ewing, American country singer
  • March 7
    • Bret Easton Ellis, American author
    • Vladimir Smirnov, Kazakh cross-country skier
    • Wanda Sykes, African-American comedian and actress
  • March 9
    • Juliette Binoche, French actress
    • Steve Wilkos, American retired police officer; talk show host
  • March 10
    • Neneh Cherry, Swedish-born singer-songwriter
    • Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, British prince and third son (youngest child) of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh
  • March 11Shane Richie, British actor
  • March 16
    • Pascal Richard, Swiss road bicycle racer
    • Gore Verbinski, American film director
  • March 17Rob Lowe, American actor
  • March 18
    • Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
    • Mika Kanai, Japanese voice actress
    • Rozalla, Zambian singer
  • March 19
    • Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
    • Jake Weber, English actor
  • March 20Michael Keith Smith, American bass player and builder
  • March 23Hope Davis, American actress
  • March 24Liz McColgan, British long-distance runner athlete
  • March 25
    • Lisa Gay Hamilton, American actress
    • Vince Offer, American writer, director, comedian and pitchman
  • March 26
    • Martin Donnelly, Northern Irish racecar driver
    • Ed Wasser, American actor
  • March 29
    • Ming Tsai, Chinese-American chef
    • Michael A. Jackson, former sheriff of Prince George's County, Maryland
  • March 30
    • Tracy Chapman, African-American singer
    • Sigurd Haveland, Gibraltarian triathlete and cyclist
  • March 31
    • Dave Wyman, Former American football player

April

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David Cross

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David Woodard

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Russell Crowe

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Hank Azaria

  • April 1Erik Breukink, Dutch cyclist and manager
  • April 3
    • Nigel Farage, English politician and MEP, head of UK Independence Party (UKIP)
    • Gary Love, British actor and film director
    • Bjarne Riis, Danish cyclist
  • April 4David Cross, American actor and comedian
  • April 6David Woodard, American businessman
  • April 7
    • Russell Crowe, New Zealand-born actor
    • Steve Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
  • April 8Lisa Guerrero, Hispanic American actress, model and sportscaster/reporter
  • April 13Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress and comedian
  • April 14Takumi Yamazaki, Japanese voice actress
  • April 16Esbjörn Svensson Swedish jazz pianist (d. 2008)
  • April 18Lourenço Mutarelli, Brazilian underground comic book writer
  • April 19Harris Barton, American football player
  • April 20
  • April 21Ludmila Engquist, Russian-born Swedish athlete
  • April 24
    • Cedric the Entertainer, American actor and comedian
    • Augusta Read Thomas, American composer
  • April 25
    • Hank Azaria, American actor, voice artist and comedian
    • Andy Bell, English singer and songwriter
  • April 28L'Wren Scott, American fashion designer (d. 2014)
  • April 29
    • Federico Castelluccio, Italian-born actor
    • Radek Jaroš, Czech mountaineer
  • April 30Misa Watanabe, Japanese voice actress

May

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Stephen Colbert

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Lenny Kravitz

  • May 1Yvonne van Gennip, Dutch speed-skater
  • May 3Ron Hextall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • May 4Zsuzsa Mathe, Hungarian born painter and visual artist, founder of TransrealismTemplate:Fix
  • May 5
    • Heike Henkel, German high jumper
    • Minami Takayama, Japanese voice actress and singer (Two-Mix and DoCo)
  • May 6Dana Hill, American voice actress (d. 1996)
  • May 7
    • Doug Benson, American comedian
    • Ronnie Harmon, American football player
    • Leslie O'Neal, American football player
  • May 8
    • Melissa Gilbert, American actress and president of the Screen Actors Guild
    • Bobby Labonte, American race car driver
    • Dave Rowntree, English drummer (Blur)
  • May 10Mark Andre, French-born German composer
  • May 11John Parrott, English snooker player
  • May 13Stephen Colbert, American comedian and television personality; host of The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
  • May 14Suzy Kolber, American sportscaster
  • May 16John Salley, American basketball player and talk show host
  • May 20Charles Edward Maurice Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, British aristocrat, author, print journalist and broadcaster. Younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales.
  • May 21Danny Bailey, English footballer
  • May 22Marcus Dupree, American football player
  • May 23Ruth Metzler-Arnold, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • May 24Adrian Moorhouse, British swimmer
  • May 25Ray Stevenson, Northern Irish-born actor
  • May 26
    • Caitlín R. Kiernan, American author and paleontologist
    • Lenny Kravitz, American singer, songwriter, and actor
  • May 27Adam Carolla, American comedic radio personality and television personality
  • May 28Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer
  • May 30Wynonna Judd, American country singer

June

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Courteney Cox

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Boris Johnson

  • June 1Deirdre Bolton, American broadcast journalist and business news and commentator
  • June 3James Purefoy, British actor
  • June 5
    • Dukagjin Pupovci, Kosovo Albanian professor
    • Rick Riordan, American author
  • June 6Guru Josh, British musician (d. 2015)
  • June 7
    • Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
    • Petr Hruška, Czech poet
  • June 9Gloria Reuben, Canadian-American actress
  • June 13Kathy Burke, English actress and comedian
  • June 13Lance Mountain, American skateboarder
  • June 15
    • Courteney Cox, American actress
    • Michael Laudrup, Danish footballer and manager
  • June 16Martin Streek, Canadian radio personality (d. 2009)
  • June 17Erin Murphy, American actress
  • June 19
    • Boris Johnson, American-born British politician, former Mayor of London (2008-2016)
    • Laura Ingraham, American radio host and political commentator
  • June 21Doug Savant, American actor
  • June 22
  • June 23
    • Clete Blakeman, American football official
    • Lou Yun, Chinese gymnast
  • June 25Johnny Herbert, English race car driver
  • June 26Tommi Mäkinen, Finnish rally driver
  • June 27Kai Diekmann, German journalist
  • June 28Mark Grace, American baseball player

July

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Courtney Love

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John Leguizamo

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David Spade

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Sandra Bullock

  • July 1Paul Coyne, American TV producer and editor
  • July 1Bernard Laporte, French rugby player and coach
  • July 2José and Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball players; twin brothers
  • July 3
    • Joanne Harris, English novelist
    • Yeardley Smith, American voice actress
  • July 4Martin Flood, Australian quiz show winner
  • July 5Jimmy Demers, American singer/songwriter
  • July 7Karina Galvez, Ecuadorian poet
  • July 9Courtney Love, American musician/actress
  • July 11Craig Charles, British actor
  • July 12Gaby Roslin, British TV presenter
  • July 16
    • Andy Abraham, British singer
    • Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
  • July 17
    • Heather Langenkamp, American actress
    • Craig Morgan, American country music singer-songwriter
  • July 18Wendy Williams, African-American former radio host and current talk show host
  • July 19Masahiko Kondō, Japanese singer
  • July 20Chris Cornell, American singer
  • July 21Ross Kemp, British actor
  • July 22
    • Adam Godley, British actor
    • Bonnie Langford, British actress
    • John Leguizamo, Colombian-American actor
    • David Spade, American comedian, actor and television personality
  • July 23Nick Menza, German-born American drummer (Megadeth) (d. 2016)
  • July 24Barry Bonds, African-American baseball player
  • July 25Lisa LaFlamme, Canadian journalist and news anchor
  • July 26
    • Sandra Bullock, American actress and film producer
    • Anne Provoost, Belgian author
  • July 30
    • Vivica A. Fox, American actress
    • Jürgen Klinsmann, German footballer-manager and retired player
  • July 31C.C. Catch, Dutch-born German singer

August

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Mary-Louise Parker

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Abhisit Vejjajiva

  • August 2Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • August 3
    • Lucky Dube, South African reggae musician (d. 2007)
    • Ye Qiaobo, Chinese speed skater
    • Abhisit Vejjajiva, 27th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • August 5Adam Yauch, American rapper (Beastie Boys) (d. 2012)
  • August 6
    • Gary Conrad, American animator
    • Gary Valenciano, Filipino musician
  • August 8
    • Nina Hoekman, Dutch draughts players (d. 2014)
    • Jan Josef Liefers, German actor, producer, director and musician
  • August 9
    • Brett Hull, Canadian hockey player
    • William Martens, American computer engineer
  • August 10Hiro Takahashi, Japanese singer (d. 2005)
  • August 15Melinda Gates, American wife of Bill Gates
  • August 16Jimmy Arias, American tennis player
  • August 19Dermott Brereton, Australian rules footballer
  • August 22
    • Diane Setterfield, British author
    • Mats Wilander, Swedish tennis player
  • August 24Salizhan Sharipov, Russian cosmonaut
  • August 25Maxim Kontsevich, Russian mathematician
  • August 26
    • Dave Boyes, Canadian male rower
    • Kevin Burns, American politician
    • Allegra Huston, English-American author
    • Bobby Jurasin, Canadian football defensive lineman
    • Chad Kreuter, Major League Baseball catcher
    • Zadok Malka, Israeli footballer
    • Torsten Schmitz, German boxer
    • Carsten Wolf, German male cyclist
  • August 27Paul Bernardo, Canadian serial killer and rapist

September

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Keanu Reeves

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Roberto Fico

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Maggie Cheung

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Monica Bellucci

  • September 1
    • Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Ray D'Arcy, Irish radio and television host
    • Holly Golightly, American author and illustrator
    • Nabeel Rajab, Bahraini activist
    • Charlie Robison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • September 2
    • Andrea Illy, Italian businessman
    • Keanu Reeves, Lebanese-born Canadian actor and musician
  • September 3
    • Adam Curry, American-Dutch businessman and television host, co-founded mevio
    • Spike Feresten, American screenwriter and producer
    • Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani singer-songwriter and guitarist (Vital Signs)
    • Holt McCallany, American actor
    • Nigel Rhodes, English actor and guitarist
  • September 4Anthony Weiner, U.S. Representative for New York's 9th congressional district
  • September 6Todd Palin, American husband of former governor Sarah Palin
  • September 7Andy Hug, Swiss Seidokaikan karateka and kickboxer (d. 2000)
  • September 8
    • Michael Johns, American health care executive and Presidential speechwriter
    • Raven, American professional wrestler
  • September 11Ellis Burks, American baseball player
  • September 14Faith Ford, American actress
  • September 15Robert Fico, Prime Minister of Slovakia
  • September 19Trisha Yearwood, American country singer
  • September 20Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress
  • September 22
    • Ian Culverhouse, English footballer
    • Juha Turunen, Finnish politician turned criminal
  • September 23Koshi Inaba, Japanese singer (B'z)
  • September 24Rafael Palmeiro, Cuban-American baseball player
  • September 25Kikuko Inoue, Japanese singer and voice actress
  • September 27Stephan Jenkins, American musician
  • September 28Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
  • September 30
    • Trey Anastasio, American musician
    • Monica Bellucci, Italian actress and model

October

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Maxi Gnauck, 1980 Olympic gold medalist

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David Kaye

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Grant Gee

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  • October 1Harry Hill, English comedian, writer and actor
  • October 2
    • Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
    • Makharbek Khadartsev, Russian free-style wrestler
  • October 3Clive Owen, English actor
  • October 4
    • Francis Magalona, Filipino rapper (d. 2009)
    • Yvonne Murray, Scottish athlete
  • October 5Keiji Fujiwara, Japanese voice actor
  • October 8
    • Martin Marquez, English actor
    • CeCe Winans, African-American Christian musician
  • October 10
    • Quinton Flynn, American voice actor
    • Maxi Gnauck, East German gymnast
  • October 13Masaya Onosaka, Japanese voice actor
  • October 14
    • Joe Girardi, American baseball player-manager
    • David Kaye, Canadian voice actor
    • Jim Rome, American sports T.V. and radio host
  • October 16Kathryn Edwards, American reality television star
  • October 18John Swasey, American voice actor
  • October 19
    • Jorge Luis González, Cuban boxer
    • Ty Pennington, American carpenter, model and television personality
  • October 22
    • Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player (d. 1993)
    • TobyMac, American-born Christian musician
  • October 23David Sobolov, Canadian voice actor and director
  • October 24
    • Rosana Arbelo, Spanish singer and composer
    • Paul Bonwick, Canadian House of Commons member
    • Grant Gee, English film maker, photographer and cinematographer
  • October 25
  • October 26Marc Lépine, Canadian mass murderer (d. 1989)
  • October 28Onofrio Catacchio, Italian artist
  • October 29Yasmin Le Bon, British model
  • October 31Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer and manager

November

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Calista Flockhart

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Patrick Warburton

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Nicholas Patrick

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Don Cheadle

  • November 1Daran Norris, American voice actor
  • November 3Paprika Steen, Danish actress
  • November 4
    • Kurt Krakowian, American child actor
    • Douglas Wilson, American television personality and interior designer
  • November 6Greg Graffin, American rock musician (Bad Religion)
  • November 7Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
  • November 10
    • Kenny Rogers, American baseball player
    • Magnús Scheving, Icelandic producer
  • November 11
  • November 12David Ellefson, American rock bassist (Megadeth)
  • November 14
    • Rev Run, African-American rapper (Run–D.M.C.)
    • Patrick Warburton, American actor
  • November 16Diana Krall, Canadian jazz pianist and singer
  • November 17Mitch Williams, American baseball player
  • November 18
    • Rita Cosby, American television personality
    • Seth Joyner, African-American football player
  • November 19
    • Susie Dent, British lexicographer
    • Fred Diamond, 21st mathematician-century American
    • Mike Gregory, English rugby player and coach (d. 2007)
    • Shawn Holman, American baseball player
    • Phil Hughes, Irish footballer and coach
    • Eric Musselman, Sacramento Kings head coach
    • Nicholas Patrick, English astronaut
    • Peter Rohde, Carlton Football Club player
  • November 21Shane Douglas, American wrestler
  • November 23Boyd Kestner, American actor
  • November 24
    • Garret Dillahunt, American actor
    • Alistair McGowan, British actor and comedian
  • November 26Vreni Schneider, Swiss alpine skier
  • November 27Robin Givens, African-American actress
  • November 28
    • Giorgi Bagaturov, Georgian-Armenian chess grandmaster
    • Michael Bennet, American lawyer, businessman and politician
    • Jorge Capitanich, Argentine politician
    • Ken Charlery, St Lucian international footballer
    • Naoto Hori, Japanese football player
    • Paul Kostacopoulos, American college baseball coach
    • Eugene Licorish, Grenadian long jumper
    • Michelle McKormick, American talk radio personality
    • Oscar Muñoz, Colombian wrestler
    • Zurab Sturua, Georgian chess grandmaster
    • Roy Tarpley, American former professional basketball player
    • Craig Wilson, American professional baseball player
  • November 29
    • Don Cheadle, African-American actor
    • Cork Graham, American author

December

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Hape Kerkeling

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Heike Drechsler, 1992 Olympic gold medalist

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Stone Cold Steve Austin

  • December 1Salvatore Schillaci, Italian footballer
  • December 3
    • Darryl Hamilton, American baseball player (d. 2015)
    • Scott George Huckabay, American guitarist
  • December 4
    • Sertab Erener, Turkish singer-songwriter, Eurovision Song Contest 2003 winner
    • Jonathan Goldstein, American actor
    • Marisa Tomei, American actress
  • December 7
    • Roberta Close, Brazilian transgender model
    • Curtis Hughes, American wrestler
    • Peter Laviolette, American ice hockey coach
  • December 8Teri Hatcher, American actress
  • December 9
    • Larry Emdur, Australian game-show host
    • Hape Kerkeling, German actor, presenter and comedian
    • Johannes B. Kerner, German TV personality and sportscaster
    • Paul Landers, German rock musician (Rammstein)
  • December 10
    • Bobby Flay, American chef and host
    • Edith González, Mexican actress
  • December 11John Mark Karr, American murder suspect
  • December 12Sabu, American professional wrestler
  • December 13
    • Hideto "hide" Matsumoto, Japanese musician (d. 1998)
    • Tony Roper, American racing driver (d. 2000)
  • December 14
    • Rebecca Gibney, New Zealand-born actress
    • Antje Vowinckel, German radio artist and musician
  • December 15
    • Jerry Ball, American football player
    • Denis Scheck, German literary critic and journalist
  • December 16
    • Heike Drechsler, German track-and-field athlete
    • Billy Ripken, American baseball player
  • December 17Frank Musil, Czech ice hockey player and scout
  • December 18Steve Austin, American professional wrestler
  • December 19
    • Ben Becker, German film and theatre actor
    • Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian basketball player
  • December 22Mike Jackson, former MLB pitcher
  • December 23Eddie Vedder, American rock singer (Pearl Jam)
  • December 26Elizabeth Kostova, American author
  • December 29Michael Cudlitz, American actor
  • December 30
    • George Newbern, American actor
    • Sophie Ward, British actress
  • December 31Michael McDonald, American actor and comedian

Date unknown

  • Juan Carlos Alom, Cuban photographer
  • Fiona Joy Hawkins, Australian composer and pianist
  • Famke Janssen, Dutch actress. Estimated year of birth.
  • Jiang Yu, Chinese politician

Deaths

January

File:Julius-Raab-1961.jpg

Julius Raab

File:Alan Ladd - publicity.JPG

Alan Ladd

  • January 1Bechara El Khoury, 1st President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
  • January 8Julius Raab, 19th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1891)
  • January 15
    • Tawfiq Canaan, Palestinian doctor (b. 1882)
    • Jack Teagarden, American jazz trombonist (b. 1905)
  • January 17T. H. White, British author (b. 1906)
  • January 19Joe Weatherly, NASCAR championship driver (b. 1922)
  • January 21Joseph Schildkraut, Austrian actor (b. 1896)
  • January 22Marc Blitzstein, American composer (b. 1905)
  • January 27
    • Norman Z. McLeod, American film director (b. 1898)
    • Waite Phillips, American oil man, banker and real estate investor (b. 1883)
  • January 29
    • Adolfo Diaz Recinos, 2-time President of Nicaragua (d. 1875)
    • Alan Ladd, American actor (b. 1913)

February

File:Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg

Emilio Aguinaldo

  • February 5Matilde Moisant, American pilot (b. 1878)
  • February 6Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and 1st President of the Philippines (b. 1869)
  • February 8
    • Boshirō Hosogaya, Japanese admiral (b. 1888)
    • Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist (b. 1888)
  • February 10Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (b. 1905)
  • February 12Gerald Gardner (Wiccan), founder of Wiccan religion (b. 1884)
  • February 13Paulino Alcántara, Filipino-Spanish footballer (b. 1896)
  • February 18Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Canadian inventor of the snowmobile and founder of Bombardier Inc. (b. 1907)
  • February 25
    • Johnny Burke, American lyricist (b. 1908)
    • Maurice Farman, French aircraft designer (b. 1877)
    • Grace Metalious, American writer (b. 1924)
  • February 26F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas, English World War II hero (b. 1901)
  • February 27Orry-Kelly, Australian-born costume designer (b. 1897)
  • February 29Frank Albertson, American actor (b. 1909)

March

File:Paul I of Greece.jpg

Paul of Greece

File:Sigfrid Edstrom.jpg

Sigfrid Edstrom

  • March 1Davíð Stefánsson, Icelandic poet (b. 1895)
  • March 4Edwin August, American actor and director (b. 1883)
  • March 6
    • Paul of Greece, King of Greece (b. 1901)
    • Edward Van Sloan, American actor (b. 1882)
  • March 9Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
  • March 13Friedrich Lahrs, German architect (b. 1880)
  • March 18
    • Sigfrid Edström, Swedish president of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1870)
    • Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (b. 1894)
  • March 20Brendan Behan, Irish poet and writer (b. 1923)
  • March 22Addison Richards, American actor (b. 1887)
  • March 23Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1904)

April

File:MacArthur Manila.jpg

Douglas MacArthur

May

File:Jnehru.jpg

Jawaharlal Nehru

File:Leo Szilard.jpg

Leó Szilárd

  • May 2Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born politician (b. 1879)
  • May 10Carol Haney, American dancer and actress (b. 1924)
  • May 13Diana Wynyard, English actress (b. 1906)
  • May 17Steve Owen, American football coach (New York Giants) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
  • May 21James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
  • May 27Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India (b. 1889)
  • May 30
    • Dave MacDonald, sports car driver (b. 1936)
    • Eddie Sachs, auto racing driver (b. 1927)
    • Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-American physicist (b. 1898)

June

  • June 3Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • June 6Robert Warwick, American actor (b. 1878)
  • June 7
    • Violet Attlee, Countess Attlee, wife of former British PM Clement Attlee (b. 1895)
    • Charlie Llewellyn, first non-white South African Test cricketer (b. 1876)
  • June 9Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born newspaper publisher and politician (b. 1879)
  • June 11Plaek Phibunsongkhram, Thai field marshal, prime minister, and dictator (b. 1897)
  • June 17Clarence G. Badger, American film director (b. 1880)
  • June 18Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter (b. 1890)
  • June 21
    • James Chaney, African-American civil rights activist (killed in Mississippi) (b. 1943)
    • Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (killed in Mississippi) (b. 1943)
    • Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (killed in Mississippi) (b. 1939)
  • June 25Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
  • June 27Mona Barrie, English actress (b. 1909)

July

  • July 1Pierre Monteux, French conductor (b. 1875)
  • July 2Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, American race car driver and a member of the NASCAR Hall of Fame (b. 1929)
  • July 4Hank Sylvern, U.S. radio personality (b. 1908)
  • July 6Zeng Junchen, Sichuan's 'King of Opium'
  • July 7Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904)
  • July 13Stephen Galatti, Director of AFS, American Field Service (b. 1888)
  • July 16Alfred Junge, German-born art director (b. 1886)
  • July 23Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet and politician (b. 1876)
  • July 26William A. Seiter, American film director (b. 1890)
  • July 29Vean Gregg, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • July 31Jim Reeves, American country singer (b. 1923)

August

File:Aleksander Zawadzki 01.jpg

Aleksander Zawadzki

File:Gracie Allen CBS.JPG

Gracie Allen

  • August – Salima Machamba Sultan of Mohéli (b. 1874)
  • August 3Flannery O'Connor, American writer (b. 1925)
  • August 6 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, English actor (b. 1893)
  • August 7Aleksander Zawadzki, President of Poland (b. 1899)
  • August 9Fontaine Fox, American cartoonist (b. 1884)
  • August 12
    • Ian Fleming, British writer (b. 1908)
    • Ernst Kühnel, German art historian (b. 1882)
    • Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov, Russian astronomer and inventor (b. 1896)
  • August 21Palmiro Togliatti, Italian communist leader (b. 1893)
  • August 27Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (Burns And Allen) (b. 1895)

September

File:Harpo Marx.jpg

Harpo Marx

  • September 2
    • Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
    • Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 12nd President of Portugal (b. 1894)
    • Alvin Cullum York, American hero of World War I (b. 1887)
  • September 18
    • Clive Bell, English art critic (b. 1881)
    • Seán O'Casey, Irish writer (b. 1880)
  • September 23Fred M. Wilcox, American motion picture director (b. 1907)
  • September 28
    • Nacio Herb Brown, American songwriter (b. 1896)
    • Harpo Marx, American comedian (Marx Brothers) (b. 1888)

October

File:Herbert Hoover.jpg

Herbert Hoover

  • October 10Eddie Cantor, American actor, comedian and dancer (b. 1892)
  • October 15Cole Porter, American composer (You're The Top) (b. 1891)
  • October 20Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States (b. 1874)
  • October 22Whip Wilson, American actor (b. 1911)
  • October 26Eric Edgar Cooke, Australian serial killer (b. 1931)
  • October 27
    • Pierre Cartier, French jeweller (b. 1878)
    • Rudolph Maté, Polish cinematographer (b. 1898)

November

December

File:Hess.jpg

Victor Francis Hess

File:Olafur Thors.jpg

Olafur Thors

Nobel Prizes

See also

  • 1964 (film)

Literature

Music

Albums

Singles

  1. Shake Sam Cooke
  2. I Get Around The Beach Boys
  3. The House of the Rising Sun The Animals
  4. You Really Got Me The Kinks
  5. Walk On By Dionne Warwick
  6. All Day and All of the Night The Kinks
  7. Baby Please Don't Go Them
  8. She's Not There The Zombies
  9. A Hard Day's Night The Beatles
  10. I Want to Hold Your Hand The Beatles
  11. Dancing in the Street Martha and the Vandellas
  12. And I Love Her The Beatles
  13. Oh, Pretty Woman Roy Orbison
  14. Tokyo Melody Helmut Zacharias

Biggest hit singles

The following singles achieved the highest chart positions in 1964.

# Artist Title Year Country Chart Entries
1 The Beatles I Want to Hold Your Hand 1964 23x15px UK 1 – Dec 1963, US BB 1 – Jan 1964, US CashBox 1 of 1964, Canada 1 – Jan 1964, Norway 1 – Jan 1964, Germany 1 – Feb 1964, Australia 1 for 5 weeks Jul 1963, Australia 2 of 1963, RYM 2 of 1964, DDD 4 of 1963, South Africa 6 of 1963, US BB 7 of 1964, Global 7 (10 M sold) – 1963, POP 7 of 1964, Rolling Stone 16, RIAA 28, Scrobulate 29 of oldies, Acclaimed 30, Germany 40 of the 1960s, WXPN 350
2 Roy Orbison Oh, Pretty Woman 1964 23x15px UK 1 – Sep 1964, US BB 1 – Sep 1964, Canada 1 – Aug 1964, Norway 1 – Oct 1964, Germany 1 – Jan 1965, Éire 1 – Oct 1964, Netherlands 3 – Jan 1965, US CashBox 4 of 1964, DDD 8 of 1964, RYM 13 of 1964, South Africa 15 of 1964, 16 in 2FM list, US BB 17 of 1964, POP 17 of 1964, Australia 20 of 1964, RIAA 43, OzNet 62, Germany 64 of the 1960s, Acclaimed 77, Europe 83 of the 1960s, Party 147 of 2007, Rolling Stone 222, Belgium 234 of all time, WXPN 655
3 The Animals House of the Rising Sun 1964 23x15px UK 1 – Jun 1964, US BB 1 – Aug 1964, Canada 1 – Aug 1964, Australia 1 for 5 weeks Apr 1964, France 4 – Oct 1972, DDD 4 of 1964, RYM 5 of 1964, Netherlands 3 1964, Poland 6 – Oct 1982, Europe 7 of the 1960s, Germany 9 – Jan 1965, US BB 38 of 1964, POP 38 of 1964, US CashBox 53 of 1964, Acclaimed 55, Italy 66 of 1965, Scrobulate 80 of oldies, 89 in 2FM list, Rolling Stone 122, Belgium 124 of all time, TheQ 227, RIAA 240, OzNet 275, Germany 296 of the 1960s
4 The Beatles A Hard Day's Night 1964 23x15px UK 1 – Jul 1964, US BB 1 – Jul 1964, Canada 1 – Jul 1964, Norway 1 – Aug 1964, Éire 1 – Aug 1964, Australia 1 for 4 weeks Mar 1964, Germany 2 – Sep 1964, Australia 3 of 1964, RYM 6 of 1964, DDD 11 of 1964, South Africa 14 of 1964, US CashBox 18 of 1964, Scrobulate 39 of oldies, Europe 96 of the 1960s, Rolling Stone 153, Germany 254 of the 1960s, Acclaimed 411, OzNet 815
5 The Beatles I Feel Fine 1964 23x15px UK 1 – Dec 1964, US BB 1 – Dec 1964, Canada 1 – Nov 1964, Netherlands 1 – Jan 1965, Norway 1 – Dec 1964, Éire 1 – Dec 1964, Australia 1 for 6 weeks Jul 1964, Germany 3 – Jan 1965, Australia 8 of 1964, RYM 8 of 1964, DDD 9 of 1964, US CashBox 19 of 1965, Scrobulate 40 of oldies, Germany 207 of the 1960s

Folk music

Singles

Hymns

Albums

  • The Virtuoso 5-String Banjo Barry Hall
  • The Osmond Brothers Sing the All Time Hymn Favorites The Osmonds

Singles

Television

References

  1. http://www.slate.com/articles/sports/sports_nut/2016/06/muhammad_ali_changed_his_name_in_1964_newspapers_called_him_cassius_clay.html
  2. Flynn, George Q. (1993). The Draft, 1940-1973. Modern War Studies. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. p. 175. ISBN 978-0700605866. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  3. Gottlieb, Sherry Gershon (1991). Hell no, we won't go!: Resisting the draft during the Vietnam War. New York, New York: Viking Penguin. p. xix. ISBN 978-0670839353. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 1964: May 12—Twelve students at a New York rally burn their draft cards...
  4. Moog, R. A. (1965). "Voltage-Controlled Electronic Music Modules". Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. 13 (3): 200–206.
  5. "1964: Labour scrapes through". BBC News. BBC. April 5, 2005. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  6. "1964: Labour voters are 'bonkers' says Hogg". BBC On This Day. BBC. 2008. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  7. Samuelson, Sam. "A Love Supreme AllMusic Review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  8. Guevara, Ernesto Che (2009). "Chronology of Ernesto Che Guevara". Che: The Diaries of Ernesto Che Guevara. North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Ocean Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-1920888930. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  9. In a brief paper by Soviet astrophysicists A. G. Doroshkevich and Igor Novikov. Penzias, A. A. (2006). "The origin of elements" (PDF). Nobel lecture. Nobel Foundation. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  10. "Biografie Rudi Gernreich" (in German). Steirischer Herbst Festival GmbH. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
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