Culture Wikia

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1963 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1963
Ab urbe condita2716
Armenian calendar1412
Assyrian calendar6713
Bahá'í calendar119–120
Balinese saka calendar1884–1885
Bengali calendar1370
Berber calendar2913
British Regnal year11 Eliz. 2 – 12 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2507
Burmese calendar1325
Byzantine calendar7471–7472
Chinese calendar壬寅(Water Tiger)
4659 or 4599
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
Coptic calendar1679–1680
Discordian calendar3129
Ethiopian calendar1955–1956
Hebrew calendar5723–5724
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2019–2020
 - Shaka Samvat1884–1885
 - Kali Yuga5063–5064
Holocene calendar11963
Igbo calendar963–964
Iranian calendar1341–1342
Islamic calendar1382–1383
Japanese calendarShōwa 38
Javanese calendar1894–1895
Juche calendar52
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4296
Minguo calendarROC 52
Nanakshahi calendar495
Thai solar calendar2506
Tibetan calendar阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
2089 or 1708 or 936
    — to —
(female Water-Rabbit)
2090 or 1709 or 937

1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the , the 63rd year of the , and the 4th year of the decade.

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Main article: January 1963
  • January 1
    • Osamu Tezuka's Tetsuwan Atomu (Astro Boy), Japan's first serialized animated series based on the popular manga, debuts on Japanese television station Fuji Television.
    • Bogle–Chandler case: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation scientist Dr. Gilbert Bogle and Mrs. Margaret Chandler are found dead (presumed poisoned), in bushland near the Lane Cove River, Sydney, Australia.
File:Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, from C2RMF retouched.jpg

January 8: Mona Lisa in Washington, D.C.

  • January 2Vietnam War: The Viet Cong win their first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
  • January 8Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  • January 14
    • George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!"[1][2]
    • The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman (British Railways No. 60103) makes its last scheduled run, before going into the hands of Alan Pegler for preservation.
  • January 18 – Due to severe winter conditions the twelfth elfstedentocht skating tour in the Netherlands turns into an almost total disaster. Of the 9,294 participants only 69 manage to finish, making this the heaviest elfstedentocht ever held.
  • January 22 – France and West Germany sign the Élysée Treaty.
  • January 26 – The Australia Day shootings rock Perth; 2 people are shot dead and 3 others injured by Eric Edgar Cooke.
  • January 28 – Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson University in South Carolina, the last U.S. state to hold out against racial integration.
  • January 29 – French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market.


Main article: February 1963
  • February 5 – The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the basic tenets of European Union law.
  • February 8 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.
  • February 10 – Five Japanese cities located on the northernmost part of Kyūshū are merged and become the city of Kitakyūshū, with a population of more than 1 million.
  • February 11
    • The Central Intelligence Agency's Domestic Operations Division is created in the United States.
    • The Beatles record their debut album Please Please Me in a single day at the Abbey Road Studios in London.
    • American-born poet Sylvia Plath commits suicide in London.
  • February 12Northwest Airlines Flight 705 crashes in the Florida Everglades, killing all 43 aboard.
  • February 14Harold Wilson becomes leader of the opposition Labour Party in the United Kingdom;[3] in October 1964 he became prime minister.
  • February 19 – The publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique launches the reawakening of the Women's Movement in the United States as women's organizations and consciousness raising groups spread.
  • February 21 – An earthquake destroys the village of Marj, Libya, killing 900.
  • February 27
    • Juan Bosch takes office as the 41st president of the Dominican Republic.
    • Female suffrage is enacted in Iran.
  • February 28Dorothy Schiff resigns from the New York Newspaper Publishers' Association, feeling that the city needs at least one paper as New York's 83-day newspayer strike ensued. Her paper, the New York Post, resumes publication on March 4.


Main article: March 1963
  • March
    • The divorce case of The Duke and Duchess of Argyll causes scandal in the United Kingdom.
File:Alcatraz Island.jpg

March 21: Alcatraz closes

  • March 4 – In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.
  • March 5 – In Camden, Tennessee, country music superstar Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and Cline's manager and pilot Randy Hughes, while returning from a benefit performance in Kansas City, Kansas, for country radio disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.
  • March 17Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing approximately 1,500.
  • March 18Gideon v. Wainwright: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that state courts are required to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who cannot afford to pay their own attorneys.
  • March 21 – The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay closes; the last 27 prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
  • March 22The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, in the United Kingdom.
  • March 23Dansevise by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann (music by Otto Francker, text by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 for Denmark.

March 27: British Rail network, as it would have become, if "Beeching axe" plans had been fully implemented (only bolded rail lines would have remained).

  • March 27 – In Britain, Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report, The Reshaping of British Railways, calling for huge cuts to the country's rail network.
  • March 28 – Director Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds is released in the United States.
  • March 30Indigenous Australians are legally allowed to drink alcohol in New South Wales.[4]
  • March 31 – The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike ends after 114 days.


Main article: April 1963
  • April 1 – The long-running soap opera General Hospital debuts on ABC Television in the United States.
  • April 3Southern Christian Leadership Conference volunteers kick off the Birmingham campaign (Birmingham, Alabama) against racial segregation in the United States with a sit-in.
  • April 7Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a socialist republic, and Josip Broz Tito is named President for Life.
  • April 8 – The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.
  • April 9 – British statesman Sir Winston Churchill becomes an honorary citizen of the United States.
  • April 10 – The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 mi (190 nmi; 350 km) east of Cape Cod; all 129 aboard (112 crewmen plus yard personnel) die.
  • April 12
    • Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others are arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama protest for "parading without a permit".
    • The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish Straits. Although severely damaged, both vessels make it to port.
  • April 14 – The Institute of Mental Health (Belgrade) is established.
  • April 15 – 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermaston, to demonstrate against nuclear weapons.
  • April 16 – Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".
  • April 20 – In Quebec, Canada, members of the terrorist group Front de libération du Québec bomb a Canadian Army recruitment center, killing night watchman Wilfred V. O'Neill.
  • April 21April 23 – The first election of the Supreme Institution of the Bahá'í Faith (known as the Universal House of Justice, whose seat is at the Bahá'í World Centre on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel) is held.
  • April 22Lester Bowles Pearson becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
  • April 28 – A general election is held in Italy.
  • April 29Buddy Rogers becomes the first WWWF Champion.


Main article: May 1963
  • May 1The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab cola.
  • May 2
    • Thousands of blacks, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators.
    • Berthold Seliger launches near Cuxhaven a 3-stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles (the only sounding rocket developed in Germany).
  • May 4 – The Le Monde Theater fire in Dioirbel, Senegal kills 64.
  • May 8
    • Dr. No, the first James Bond film, is shown in U.S. theaters.
    • Huế Phật Đản shootings: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam opens fire on Buddhists who defy a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha, killing 9. (Earlier, President Ngô Đình Diệm allowed the flying of the Vatican flag in honour of his brother, Archbishop Ngô Đình Thục.) Start of Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
    • CVS Pharmacy opens in Lowell, Massachusetts.
  • May 12The Shanty is established in New Castle, Indiana.
  • May 13 – A smallpox outbreak hits Stockholm, Sweden, lasting until July.
  • May 14 – Kuwait becomes the 111th member of the United Nations.
  • May 15Project Mercury: NASA launches Gordon Cooper on Mercury-Atlas 9, the last mission (on June 12 NASA Administrator James E. Webb tells Congress the program is complete).
  • May 22A.C. Milan beats Benfica 2-1 at Wembley Stadium, London and wins the 1962–63 European Cup (football).
  • May 23Fidel Castro visits the Soviet Union.
  • May 25 – The Organisation of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • May 27The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan is singer-songwriter Bob Dylan's second studio album, and most influential, opening with the song "Blowin' in the Wind", released by Columbia Records.


Main article: June 1963
  • June 3
    • Huế chemical attacks: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam rains liquid chemicals on the heads of Buddhist protestors, injuring 67 people. The United States threatens to cut off aid to the regime of Ngô Đình Diệm.
    • Pope John XXIII dies.
  • June 4 – President John F. Kennedy signs Executive Order 11110, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue silver certificates.
  • June 5 – The first annual National Hockey League Entry Draft is held in Montreal.
  • June 10 – President John F. Kennedy delivers his American University speech, "A Strategy of Peace", in Washington, D.C.
  • June 10 – The University of Central Florida is established by the Florida legislature.
  • June 11
    • In Saigon, Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức commits self-immolation to protest the oppression of Buddhists by the Ngô Đình Diệm administration.
    • Alabama Governor George Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama to protest against integration, before stepping aside and allowing blacks James Hood and Vivian Malone to enroll.
    • President John F. Kennedy broadcasts a historic Civil Rights Address, in which he promises a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that we would want for ourselves".
  • June 12
    • Medgar Evers is murdered in Jackson, Mississippi. (His killer, Byron De La Beckwith, is convicted in 1994.)
    • The film Cleopatra is released.
  • June 13
    • The cancellation of Mercury-Atlas 10 effectively ends the United States' manned spaceflight Project Mercury.
    • The New York Commodity Exchange begins trading silver futures contracts.
  • June 15 – The AC Cobra makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It would go on to win its class the following year.
  • June 16Vostok 6 carries Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman into space.
  • June 17Abington School District v. Schempp: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that state-mandated Bible reading in public schools is unconstitutional.
  • June 19Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space, returns to Earth.
  • June 20
    • Establishment of the Moscow–Washington hotline (officially, the Direct Communications Link or DCL; unofficially, the "red telephone"; and in fact a teleprinter link) is authorized by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding in Geneva by representatives of the Soviet Union and the United States.[5][6]
    • Swedish Air Force Colonel Stig Wennerström is arrested as a spy for the Soviet Union.
  • June 21Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII as the 262nd pope.
  • June 26John F. Kennedy gives his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech in West Berlin, East Germany.
  • June – UNESCO History of Mankind, vol. 1 published.


Main article: July 1963
  • July 1ZIP codes are introduced by the United States Postal Service.
  • July 5
    • Diplomatic relations between the Israeli and the Japanese governments are raised to embassy level.
  • July 7Double Seven Day scuffle: Secret police loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attack American journalists including Peter Arnett and David Halberstam at a demonstration during the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
  • July 11 – South Africa: police raid Liliesleaf Farm to the north of Johannesburg, arresting a group of ANC leaders.
  • July 12 – Pauline Reade (16) is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in Manchester, England, the first victim of the Moors murders; her remains are located in July 1987.
  • July 19 – American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reaches an altitude of 65.8 miles (105.9 kilometers), making it a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards.
  • July 26
    • An earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day Republic of Macedonia) leaves 1,800 dead.
    • NASA launches Syncom 2, the world's first geostationary (synchronous) satellite.
  • July 30 – The Soviet newspaper Izvestia reports that British diplomat and double agent Kim Philby has been given asylum in Moscow.


File:March on Washington edit.jpg

August 28: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

Main article: August 1963
  • August 5 – The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • August 8 – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.
  • August 15Trois Glorieuses: President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of Congo after a three-day uprising in the capital, Brazzaville.
  • August 18American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
  • August 21Xá Lợi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across South Vietnam, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. In the wake of the raids, the Kennedy administration by Cable 243 orders the United States Embassy, Saigon to explore alternative leadership in the country, opening the way towards a coup against Diệm.
  • August 22 – American test pilot Joe Walker again achieves a sub-orbital spaceflight according to international standards, this time by piloting the X-15 to an altitude of 67.0 miles (107.8 kilometers).
  • August 24Bundesliga, as known well for professional football league of world, first games in West Germany, replacing from West German Oberliga.[citation needed]
  • August 28Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.


Main article: September 1963
  • September 1 – The language border in Belgium is fixed. This will become the foundation for the further federalization of the county.
  • September 5 – British prostitute Christine Keeler is arrested for perjury for her part in the Profumo affair. On December 6 she is sentenced to 9 months in prison.
  • September 6 – The Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
  • September 7 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
  • September 10Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is indicted for murder (he is captured 43 years later, on April 11, 2006).
  • September 15American civil rights movement: The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.
  • September 16Malaysia is formed through the merging of the Federation of Malaya and the British crown colony of Singapore, North Borneo (renamed Sabah) and Sarawak.
  • September 18 – Rioters burn down the British Embassy in Jakarta, to protest the formation of Malaysia.
  • September 23King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is established by a Saudi Royal Decree as the College of Petroleum and Minerals.
  • September 24 – The United States Senate ratifies the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • September 25
    • The Denning Report on the Profumo affair is published in Great Britain.
    • In the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch is deposed by a coup d'état led by the military with civilian support.
  • September 29
    • The second period of the Second Vatican Council in Rome opens.
    • The University of East Anglia is established in Norwich, England.


Main article: October 1963
  • October 1John F. Kennedy Toasts of the President and Emperor Haile Selassie at a Luncheon in Rockville, Maryland.
  • October 2
    • Nigeria becomes a republic; The 1st Republican Constitution is established.
    • In the U.S., the President's Commission on the Status of Women issues its final reports to President Kennedy.
  • October 31963 Honduran coup d'état: A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform under President Ramón Villeda Morales and begins two decades of military rule under General Oswaldo López Arellano.
  • October 4Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in history, hits Hispaniola and Cuba, killing nearly 7,000 people.
  • October 8Sam Cooke and his band are arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in Louisiana. In the months following, he records the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".
  • October 9 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
  • October 10
  • October 14 – A revolution starts in Radfan, South Yemen, against British colonial rule.
  • October 16 – The thousandth day of John F. Kennedy's presidency.
  • October 19Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • October 28 – Demolition of the 1910 Pennsylvania Station begins in New York City, continuing until 1966.
  • October 30 – The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.
  • October 31 – 74 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum in Indianapolis.


Main article: November 1963
  • November 1Arecibo Observatory, a radio telescope, officially begins operation in Puerto Rico.
  • November 21963 South Vietnamese coup: Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem, the South Vietnamese President.
  • November 61963 South Vietnamese coup: Coup leader General Dương Văn Minh takes over as leader of South Vietnam.
  • November 7 – 11 German miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days in what became known as the "Wunder von Lengede" ("miracle of Legend").
  • November 8Finnair aircraft OH-LCA crashes before landing at Mariehamn Airport on the Åland Islands.
  • November 9 – Two disasters in Japan:
    • Miike coal mine explosion: A coal mine explosion kills 458 and sends 839 carbon monoxide poisoning victims to hospital.
    • Tsurumi rail accident: A triple train disaster in Yokohama kills 161.
  • November 10Malcolm X makes an historic speech in Detroit, Michigan ("Message to the Grass Roots").
  • November 14 – A volcanic eruption under the sea near Iceland creates a new island, Surtsey.
  • November 16 – A newspaper strike begins in Toledo, Ohio.
  • November 18
    • The Dartford Tunnel opens in England.
    • The first push-button telephone is made available to AT&T customers.
File:Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office, November 1963.jpg

November 22: Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as U.S. President after assassination of John F. Kennedy.

  • November 22
    • Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded. Upon Kennedy's death, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President of the United States. A few hours later, President Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the entire weekend and Monday, in tribute.
    • English-born writer Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, dies of cancer in the United States.
    • Irish-born theologian and writer C. S. Lewis, author of works including The Chronicles of Narnia, The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity, dies of renal failure at his home in Oxford (England).
    • Phil Spector's A Christmas Gift for You from Phil Spector is released.
    • The Beatles' second UK album, With the Beatles, is released.
  • November 23
    • Moors murders: John Kilbride (12) is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in England.
    • The first episode of the BBC television series Doctor Who is broadcast in the United Kingdom.
    • The Golden Age Nursing Home fire kills 63 elderly people near Fitchville, Ohio.
  • November 24
    • Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy, is shot dead by Jack Ruby in Dallas, an event seen on live national television.
    • Vietnam War: New U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam militarily and economically.
  • November 25State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television.
  • November 29
    • U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
    • Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8 crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near Montreal, killing all 118 on board, the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history.
    • Foundation stone for Mirzapur Cadet College is laid in East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).


Main article: December 1963
  • December 3 – The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
  • December 4 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
  • December 5 – The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
  • December 7Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, debuts an improved version of instant replay during his direction of a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia. This instance is notable as it was the first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film.
  • December 8
    • A lightning strike causes the crashing of Pan Am Flight 214 near Elkton, Maryland, killing 81 people.
    • Frank Sinatra, Jr. is kidnapped at Harrah's Lake Tahoe.
  • December 10
    • In the United States, the X-20 Dyna-Soar spaceplane program is cancelled.
    • Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.
  • December 12Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom, with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister.
  • December 19Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
  • December 21Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
  • December 22 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, with the loss of 128 lives.
  • December 25
    • Walt Disney releases his 18th feature-length animated motion picture The Sword in the Stone, about the boyhood of King Arthur. It is the penultimate animated film personally supervised by Disney.
    • İsmet İnönü of the Republican People's Party (CHP) forms the new government of Turkey (28th government, coalition partners; independents, İnönü has served 10 ten times as a prime minister, this is his last government).
  • December 26The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There" are released in the United States, marking the beginning of Beatlemania on an international level.

Date unknown

  • David H. Frisch and J.H. Smith prove that the radioactive decay of mesons is slowed by their motion (see Einstein's special relativity and general relativity).
  • The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment for the defense of the United States is fully deployed.
  • The TAT-3 transatlantic communications cable goes into operation.
  • Ivan Sutherland writes the revolutionary Sketchpad program and runs it on the Lincoln TX-2 computer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • Construction of Moscow's Ostankino Tower begins.
  • The IEEE Computer Society is founded.
  • The Urdu keyboard is standardised by the Central Language Board in Pakistan.
  • Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.
  • The Reformed Druids of North America is founded.
  • The 1955 film Oklahoma!, an adaptation of the famed Rodgers and Hammerstein musical, is re-released.
  • The iconic Porsche 911 is first produced.
  • Conference Premier football club Welling United is formed.



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José Mourinho

  • January 1Linda Henry, English actress
  • January 2
    • David Cone, American baseball player
    • Edgar Martínez, American baseball player
  • January 4
    • Till Lindemann, Lead singer of German rock group Rammstein
    • Dave Foley, Canadian actor and comedian
  • January 6Tony Halme, Finnish boxer and politician (d. 2010)
  • January 7Rand Paul, U.S Senator from Kentucky
  • January 13Jiang Wen, Chinese actor
  • January 14Steven Soderbergh, American film director
  • January 15Mathias Döpfner, journalist and chief executive officer of German media group Axel Springer SE
  • January 16James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
  • January 18Ian Crook, English footballer
  • January 17Kai Hansen, German power metal guitarist and singer
  • January 19Caron Wheeler, British singer-songwriter (Soul II Soul)
  • January 20Firebreaker Chip, American professional wrestler
  • January 21
    • Hakeem Olajuwon, Nigerian basketball player
    • Detlef Schrempf, German basketball player
  • January 23Gail O'Grady, American actress
  • January 24Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
  • January 26
    • Chin Siu-ho, Hong Kong actor
    • Jazzie B, British DJ, music producer (Soul II Soul)
    • José Mourinho, Portuguese football manager
    • Andrew Ridgeley, English singer
  • January 29Octave Octavian Teodorescu, Romanian composer, vanguard rock musician, multi-instrumentist
  • January 30
    • Daphne Ashbrook, American actress
    • Thomas Brezina, Austrian author
    • Shōko Tsuda, Japanese voice actress


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File:Billy Baldwin, GLAAD Awards 2008.jpg

William Baldwin

  • February 2Eva Cassidy, American vocalist (d. 1996)
  • February 3Gretel Killeen, Australian journalist
  • February 4Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier
  • February 8
    • Joshua Kadison, American singer-songwriter
    • Gene Steratore, American football official
  • February 9
    • Lolo Ferrari, French actress (d. 2000)
  • February 10Smiley Culture, British reggae singer (d. 2011)
  • February 11Diane Franklin, American actress
  • February 12Brent Jones, American football player
  • February 14
    • Enrico Colantoni, Canadian actor
    • D'wayne Wiggins, American singer-songwriter and record producer (Tony! Toni! Toné!)
  • February 17
    • Michael Jordan, American former professional basketball player
    • Larry the Cable Guy, American actor and comedian
  • February 18Rob Andrew, English rugby union player
  • February 19
    • Seal, English singer
    • Jessica Tuck, American actress
  • February 20Charles Barkley, American basketball player
  • February 21William Baldwin, American actor
  • February 22
    • Vijay Singh, Fiji golfer
    • Don Wakamatsu, American baseball player
  • February 23Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player
  • February 26Chase Masterson, American actress and singer
  • February 27Virginie Boutaud, Brazilian singer and actress (Metrô, Virginie & Fruto Proibido)


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Quentin Tarantino

  • March 1
    • Thomas Anders, German singer (Modern Talking)
    • Russell Wong, American actor
  • March 2Tuff Hedeman, American PRCA World Champion Bull Rider
  • March 3Martín Fiz, Spanish long-distance runner
  • March 4
    • Jason Newsted, American bassist
    • Daniel Roebuck, American actor
  • March 5
    • Thomas Hermanns, German TV-presenter, director, TV-author and comedian
    • Joel Osteen, American televangelist and son of John Osteen
  • March 6Gary Stevens, American jockey
  • March 7Kim Ung-yong, Korean child prodigy
  • March 12Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner
  • March 13Fito Páez, Argentine musician
  • March 14
    • Bruce Reid, Australian cricketer
    • Mike Rochford, Major League Baseball pitcher
    • Andrew Fleming, American film director
    • Mahiro Maeda, Japanese animators
  • March 15Bret Michaels, American rock singer (Poison)
  • March 17Alex Fong, Hong Kong actor
  • March 18
    • Jeff LaBar, American rock guitarist
    • Ratna Pathak, Indian film actress
    • Vanessa L. Williams, African-American beauty queen, actress, and singer
  • March 19Mary Scheer, American actress and comedian
  • March 20
    • Paul Annacone, American tennis player and coach
    • Kathy Ireland, American model and actress
    • David Thewlis, English actor
  • March 21Ronald Koeman, Dutch football player and manager
  • March 22Susan Ann Sulley, British musician
  • March 23Jose Miguel Gonzalez Martin del Campo, Spanish football player
  • March 24John T. Chisholm, American prosecutor; District Attorney of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin (2007–present)
  • March 26Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
  • March 27
    • Charly Alberti, Argentinian musician
    • Dave Koz, American jazz musician
    • Quentin Tarantino, American actor, director, writer, and producer
    • Xuxa, Brazilian television personality
  • March 28Chieko Honda, Japanese voice actress (d. 2013)


File:Graham Norton 2004-12-04.jpg

Graham Norton

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Rafael Correa


Garry Kasparov

File:Conan O'Brien by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Conan O'Brien

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Jet Li

  • April 3
    • Karl Beattie, British director, husband of Yvette Fielding
    • Criss Oliva, American metal guitarist (Savatage) (d. 1993)
  • April 4
    • Jack Del Rio, American football player and coach
    • Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Graham Norton, Irish comedian and talk show host
    • Frank Yallop, Canadian footballer
  • April 6Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador
  • April 8Julian Lennon, British musician, son of John Lennon
  • April 9Joe Scarborough, American newscaster
  • April 10
    • Warren DeMartini, American rock guitarist
    • Doris Leuthard, Swiss politician and lawyer
    • Dean Norris, American actor
  • April 11Chris Ferguson, American poker player
  • April 12
    • Michael English, American Christian musician
    • Tracy Camilla Johns, American actress
    • Ai Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • April 13Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
  • April 15Beata Szydło, Prime Minister of Poland
  • April 16Jimmy Osmond, American singer
  • April 17Joel Murray, American actor
  • April 18
    • Eric McCormack, Canadian actor
    • Conan O'Brien, American television entertainer and talk show host
  • April 19Valerie Plame, former United States CIA Operations officer
  • April 21
    • Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
  • April 24Tõnu Trubetsky, Estonian rock musician (Vennaskond)
  • April 25Pascal of Bollywood, French singer
  • April 26
    • Jet Li, Chinese martial artist and actor
    • Colin Scotts, Australian-born American football player
  • April 27
    • Russell T. Davies, Welsh television producer and writer
    • Cali Timmins, Canadian actress
  • April 29Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • April 30Michael Waltrip, American race car driver


File:Mike Myers David Shankbone 2010 NYC.jpg

Mike Myers

File:Viktor Orbán (2013).jpg

Viktor Orbán

  • May 1Benjamin LaGuer, American prisoner proclaiming innocence for more than two decades
  • May 2Ray Traylor, American professional wrestler ("Big Boss Man") (d. 2004)
  • May 5James LaBrie, Canadian vocalist (Dream Theater)
  • May 9Gary Daniels, British martial artist and actor
  • May 10A. Raja, Indian politician
  • May 11Natasha Richardson, English actress (d. 2009)
  • May 12Jerry Trimble, American actor and martial artist
  • May 16
    • Jon Coffelt, American artist
    • Mercedes Echerer, Austrian actress and politician
  • May 23Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
  • May 24
    • Michael Chabon, American author
    • Joe Dumars, American basketball player
    • Rich Rodriguez, American football coach
  • May 25
    • Mike Myers, Canadian actor and comedian
    • Eha Rünne, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower
  • May 26Clive Cowdery, English insurance entrepreneur
  • May 29
    • Lisa Whelchel, American actress, singer and writer
    • Tracey E. Bregman, American actress and designer
  • May 31
    • Viktor Orbán, Prime Minister of Hungary
    • Wesley Willis, American outsider musician (d. 2003)



Johnny Depp

File:Helen Hunt 2011.jpg

Helen Hunt

File:George Michael 25LIVE.jpg

George Michael, Ex-Wham!

  • June 1David Westhead, English actor and producer
  • June 4Sean Fitzpatrick, New Zealand rugby union player
  • June 5Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
  • June 6Jason Isaacs, British actor
  • June 9Johnny Depp, American actor
  • June 12
    • Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
    • Tim DeKay, American character actor
    • Jerry Lynn, American professional wrestler
  • June 13Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
  • June 14Rambo Amadeus, Montenegrin singer-songwriter
  • June 15Helen Hunt, American actress
  • June 16The Sandman, American professional wrestler
  • June 17Greg Kinnear, American actor
  • June 18
    • Juan Chioran, Argentine-Canadian actor
    • Bruce Smith, American football player
  • June 20Amir Derakh, American musician
  • June 22
  • June 23Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
  • June 24
    • Preki, Serbia-born American footballer
    • Mike Wieringo, American comic-book artist (d. 2007)
    • Jascha Richter, Danish single and songwriter, frontman of Michael Learns to Rock
  • File:MLTR 2004 Take Me To Your Heart.jpg

    Jascha Richter (middle) of Michael Learns to Rock

    June 25
    • Doug Gilmour, Canadian hockey player
    • Yann Martel, Canadian author
    • George Michael, British pop musician and was lead singer of Wham!
  • June 26Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman, activist and former oligarch
  • June 29Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
  • June 30Yngwie Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist, composer, and bandleader


File:Phoebe Cates at 81st Academy Awards.JPG

Phoebe Cates

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Martin Torrijos

File:Lisa Kudrow 2.jpg

Lisa Kudrow

  • July 4Christopher G. Kennedy, son of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
  • July 6Miguel Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, Basque separatist
  • July 11Lisa Rinna, American actress
  • July 13Spud Webb, American basketball player
  • July 15Brigitte Nielsen, Danish actress
  • July 16Phoebe Cates, American actress
  • July 17
    • King Letsie III of Lesotho
    • Suha Arafat, widow of Yasser Arafat
    • Matti Nykänen, Finnish ski jumper
  • July 18
    • Martín Torrijos, President of Panama
    • Al Snow, American professional wrestler
  • July 22Emilio Butragueño, Spanish football player
  • July 24
    • Julie Krone, American jockey
    • Karl Malone, American basketball player
  • July 27Donnie Yen, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
  • July 28Beverley Craven, British singer-songwriter
  • July 29
    • Jim Beglin, Irish football commentator
    • Graham Poll, English football referee
  • July 30
    • Lisa Kudrow, American actress
    • Chris Mullin, American basketball player and executive




File:Metallica London 2008-09-15 James smiling.jpg

James Hetfield

File:Miroslav Cerar (cropped).jpg

Miro Cerar

  • August 1
    • Demián Bichir, Mexican actor
    • Coolio, African-American rapper
  • August 2Laura Bennett, American fashion designer
  • August 3
    • Tasmin Archer, English singer
    • James Hetfield, American musician (Metallica)
  • August 5Mark Strong, English actor
  • August 6Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
  • August 7
    • Hiroaki Hirata, Japanese voice actor
    • Harold Perrineau, American actor
    • Wendy van der Plank, Welsh actress
  • August 8
    • Rica Fukami, Japanese voice actress
    • Emi Shinohara, Japanese voice actress
    • Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey official and executive
  • August 9Whitney Houston, African-American singer (d. 2012)
  • August 10Andrew Sullivan, British-born American blogger and political commentator
  • August 13
    • Sridevi, Indian actress
    • Steve Higgins, American writer, producer, announcer, actor, and comedian
  • August 15
    • Alejandro González Iñárritu, Mexican film director, producer and screenwriter
    • Valery Levaneuski, entrepreneur, politician, former political prisoner
    • August 16Christine Cavanaugh, American voice actress (d. 2014)
  • August 17James Whitbourn, British composer
  • August 18Heino Ferch, German actor
  • August 19
    • John Stamos, American actor
    • Joey Tempest, Swedish singer-songwriter (Europe)
  • August 22Tori Amos, American singer
  • August 23
    • Hans-Henning Fastrich, German field hockey player
    • Park Chan-wook, South Korean film director and screenwriter
    • Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
  • August 24Hideo Kojima, Japanese video-game director
  • August 25Miro Cerar, Prime Minister of Slovenia
  • August 26
    • Liu Huan, Chinese singer
    • Michael Tao, Hong Kong actor
  • August 30
    • Michael Chiklis, American actor
    • Phil Mills, British race car driver
  • August 31
    • Todd Carty, Irish actor
    • Egyptian Lover, African-American rapper, DJ and producer


File:Dan Povenmire Comic-Con 2009.jpg

Dan Povenmire

  • September 1Carola Smit, Dutch musician
  • September 6Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
  • September 7Eric Wright (Eazy-E), African-American rapper (d. 1995)
  • September 8Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
  • September 9Markus Wasmeier, German alpine-skier
  • September 10Randy Johnson, American baseball player
  • September 11Joey Dedio, American actor
  • September 12Norberto Barba, American cinematographer and film director
  • September 14Robert Herjavec, Canadian businessman, investor, and television personality
  • September 15Stephen C. Spiteri, Maltese military historian
  • September 16Richard Marx, American pop/rock singer
  • September 17Masahiro Chono, Japanese professional wrestler
  • September 18Dan Povenmire, American animator and voice actor
  • September 19
    • Jarvis Cocker, English rock musician (Pulp)
    • David Seaman, English football goalkeeper
  • September 21
    • Cecil Fielder, American baseball player
    • Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor
    • Mamoru Samuragochi, Japanese impostor
  • September 28
    • Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
    • Elliot Levine, Jazz musician and keyboardist with Heatwave (band)
  • September 29
    • Dave Andreychuk, Canadian hockey player
    • Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)


File:Elisabeth Shue at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

Elisabeth Shue

File:Lauren Holly lf.jpg

Lauren Holly

File:Rob Schneider, USO tour, Nov 16 2001.jpg

Rob Schneider

File:FarinUrlaub credit JoergSteinmetz.jpg

Farin Urlaub

  • October 1Mark McGwire, American baseball player
  • October 5
    • Dame Laura Davies, English golfer
    • Ronni Le Tekrø, Norwegian guitarist (TNT)
  • October 6Elisabeth Shue, American actress
  • October 10
    • Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
    • Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
    • Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
  • October 12
    • Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director (d. 2010)
    • Dave Legeno, English actor and mixed martial artist (d. 2014)
    • Lane Frost, American rodeo champion (d. 1989)
  • October 13
    • Mabi de Almeida, Angolan professional football coach
  • October 14
    • Lori Petty, American actress, director, and screenwriter
    • Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
  • October 19Sinitta, Anglo-US singer
  • October 20John Storgårds, Finnish conductor and violinist
  • October 22Brian Boitano, American figure skater
  • October 23
    • Thomas Di Leva, Swedish singer
    • Wilson Yip, Hong Kong actor and director
  • October 25John Levén, Swedish bassist (Europe)
  • October 26
    • Natalie Merchant, American singer, songwriter, and musician
    • Ted Demme, American director and producer (d. 2002)
  • October 27
    • Johnny Adair, Northern Irish/Ulster loyalist
    • Feyyaz Uçar, Turkish footballer
    • Farin Urlaub, German singer, band Die Ärzte
  • October 28Lauren Holly, American actress
  • October 30Kristina Wagner, American actress
  • October 31
    • Sarah Jane Brown, wife of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown
    • Johnny Marr, English musician
    • Fred McGriff, American baseball player
    • Dermot Mulroney, American actor
    • Rob Schneider, American actor, comedian, and film director


File:Gabby Concepcion at the KC Concepcion Live US Concert Tour, November 2010.jpg

Gabby Concepcion

File:Nicollette Sheridan at the Beowulf premiere.jpg

Nicollette Sheridan

  • November 1
    • Rick Allen, British rock musician (Def Leppard)
    • Mark Hughes, Welsh football player & manager
    • Katja Riemann, German actress
  • November 2
    • Bobby Dall, American rock bassist (Poison)
    • Craig Saavedra, American filmmaker
  • November 4Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer (d. 1999)
  • November 5Gabby Concepcion, Filipino actor
  • November 7John Barnes, Jamaican-born English footballer
  • November 10Hugh Bonneville, British actor
  • November 11Kip James, American professional wrestler
  • November 13Vinny Testaverde, American football player
  • November 15Benny Elias, Australian rugby player
  • November 18Dante Bichette, American baseball player
  • November 19
    • Terry Farrell, American actress
    • Jon Potter, British field hockey player
    • Peter Schmeichel, Danish football player
  • November 21Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
  • November 22Winsor Harmon, American actor
  • November 23
    • Troy Hurtubise, Canadian inventor
    • Yoshino Takamori, Japanese voice actress
  • November 25
    • Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer
    • Bernie Kosar, American football player


File:Benjamin Bratt - parade Grand Master.jpg

Benjamin Bratt

File:Brad Pitt Fury 2014.jpg

Brad Pitt

File:Jennifer Beals at L5.jpg

Jennifer Beals

File:TilSchweiger 2009 Toronto International Film Festival.jpg

Til Schweiger

File:Lars London 2008 crop.jpg

Lars Ulrich of Metallica

  • December 2Ann Patchett, American novelist
  • December 3Terri Schiavo, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 2005)
  • December 4Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
  • December 7
    • Mark Bowen, Welsh footballer
    • Paul Dobson, British voice actor
  • December 8
    • Greg Howe, American guitarist
    • Toshiaki Kawada, Japanese professional wrestler
  • December 12
    • Juan Carlos Varela, President of Panama
    • Ai Orikasa, Japanese voice actress
  • December 13
    • Uwe-Jens Mey, German speed skater
    • Jake White, South African rugby coach
  • December 14
    • Cynthia Gibb, American actress
    • Vytautas Juozapaitis, Lithuanian baritone, professor and television host
  • December 16
    • Benjamin Bratt, American actor
    • Jeff Carson, American singer
    • Bärbel Schäfer, German television presenter and talk show host
  • December 18
    • Pauline Ester, French singer
    • Rikiya Koyama, Japanese voice actor
    • Charles Oakley, American basketball player
    • Brad Pitt, American actor
  • December 19
    • Jennifer Beals, American actress
    • Til Schweiger, German actor
  • December 21
    • Govinda Ahuja, Indian actor and politician
    • Jacques Simonet, Belgian politician (d. 2007)
  • December 22
    • Vladimir Flórez, Colombian cartoonist
    • Bryan Gunn, Scottish footballer
    • Russell Lewis, British television writer and former child actor
    • Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American Surrealist painter
  • December 23
    • Jim Harbaugh, American football player and coach
    • Donna Tartt, American author
  • December 24Sanjay Mehrotra, Indian entrepreneur
  • December 26Lars Ulrich, Danish rock drummer of Metallica
  • December 29
    • Francisco Bustamante, Filipino billiard player
    • Sean Payton, American football coach
  • December 30Kim Hill, American Christian singer

Date unknown

  • Wei Brian, Chinese entrepreneur
  • Gregory Henriquez, Canadian architect



File:Sylvanus Olympio.jpg

Sylvanus Olympio

File:Robert Frost NYWTS.jpg

Robert Frost

  • January 1
    • Filippo Del Giudice, Italian film producer (b. 1892)
    • Robert S. Kerr, American businessman and politician (b. 1896)
  • January 2
    • Jack Carson, Canadian actor (b. 1910)
    • Al Mamaux, professional baseball player and manager (b. 1894)
    • Dick Powell, American actor (b. 1904)
  • January 5
    • Rogers Hornsby, American baseball player, (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1896)
    • Erik Strandmark, Swedish film actor (b. 1919)
  • January 6
    • Frank Tuttle, American film director (b. 1892)
    • Stark Young, American teacher, playwright, novelist, painter, literary critic, and essayist (b. 1881)
  • January 7Erik Lundqvist, Swedish athlete (b. 1908)
  • January 8
    • Boris Morros, American movie producer and FBI double agent (b. 1891)
    • Jack Okey, American art director (b. 1889)
  • January 10Franz Planer, European film cinematographer (b. 1894)
  • January 11Arthur Nock, English classicist, theologian, and Harvard University professor (b. 1902)
  • January 13
    • Sonny Clark, American jazz pianist (b. 1931)
    • Sylvanus Olympio, 1st President of Togo (b. 1902)
  • January 14Gustav Regler, German Socialist novelist (b. 1898)
  • January 16
    • Cesare Fantoni, Italian film actor (b. 1905)
    • Gilardo Gilardi, Argentine composer, pianist, and conductor (b. 1889)
    • Mario Ruspoli, 2nd Prince of Poggio Suasa (b. 1867)
  • January 18Edward Charles Titchmarsh, British mathematician (b. 1899)
  • January 21Al St. John, American actor (b. 1893)
  • January 23Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor and medallic artist (b. 1908)
  • January 24
    • Otto Harbach, American lyricist and librettist (b. 1873)
    • Kenneth Western, part of The Western Brothers (b. 1899)
  • January 25Marion Sunshine, American actress (b. 1894)
  • January 26Ole Olsen, American actor (b. 1892)
  • January 27Evelyn Francisco, silent film actress (b. 1904)
  • January 28
    • John Farrow, American film director (b. 1904)
    • Jean Piccard, Swiss-born chemist and engineer (b. 1884)
  • January 29
    • Anthony Coldeway, American screenwriter (b. 1887)
    • Robert Frost, American poet, heart failure (b. 1874)
    • Lee Meadows, professional baseball player (b. 1894)
  • January 30
    • Jane Gail, American silent movie and stage actress (b. 1890)
    • Cecil McGivern, British broadcasting executive and writer (b. 1907)
    • Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
  • January 31
    • Alasgar Alakbarov, Azerbaijani actor (b. 1910)
    • Ossie Vitt, professional baseball player and manager (b. 1890)


File:Qasim in uniform.png

Abd al-Karim Qasim

File:Food Minister Rajendra Prasad during a radio broadcast in Dec 1947 cropped.jpg

Rajendra Prasad

  • February 1
    • Louis D. Lighton, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1895)
    • Wyndham Standing, English actor (b. 1880)
  • February 2William Gaxton, star of vaudeville, film, and theatre (b. 1893)
  • February 6Piero Manzoni, Italian artist (b. 1933)
  • February 8George Dolenz, American actor (b. 1908)
  • February 9Abd al-Karim Qasim, Prime minister of Iraq (b. 1914)
  • February 11Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (b. 1932)
  • February 15
    • Edgardo Donato, Uruguayan tango composer and orchestra leader (b. 1897)
    • Louis J. Gasnier, French film director (b. 1875)
    • Bump Hadley, Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1904)
  • February 16
    • Else Jarlbak, Danish film actress (b. 1911)
    • László Lajtha, Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist and conductor (b. 1892)
  • February 18
    • Monte Blue, American actor (b. 1887)
    • Beppe Fenoglio, Italian writer (b. 1887)
    • Tokugawa Iemasa, Japanese politician, 17th head of the former Tokugawa shogunate (b. 1884)
  • February 19Benny Moré, Cuban singer (b. 1919)
  • February 20
    • Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (b. 1914)
    • Jacob Gade, Danish violinist and composer (b. 1879)
    • Bill Hinchman, professional baseball player (b. 1883)
  • February 22Arthur Guy Empey, soldier, author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1883)
  • February 24Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (b. 1889)
  • February 28
    • Rajendra Prasad, Indian politician, 1st President of India (b. 1884)
    • Eppa Rixey, American baseball player (Cincinnati Reds) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1891)


  • March 1Irish Meusel, American professional baseball player (b. 1893)
  • March 4William Carlos Williams, American writer (b. 1883)
  • March 5
    • Patsy Cline, American singer plane crash (b. 1932)
    • Cowboy Copas, American country music singer plane crash (b. 1913)
    • Ludde Gentzel, Swedish film actor (b. 1885)
    • Hawkshaw Hawkins, American country music singer plane crash (b. 1921)
    • Cyril Smith, Scottish actor heart attack (b. 1892)
  • March 6Robert E. Cornish, scientist (b. 1903)
  • March 7Joachim Holst-Jensen, Norwegian film actor (b. 1880)
  • March 11
    • Ignat Bednarik, Romanian painter (b. 1882)
    • Joe Judge, American professional baseball player (b. 1894)
  • March 16Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria (b. 1883)
  • March 17
    • Thomas Lennon, screenwriter (b. 1896)
    • Lizzie Miles, African American blues singer (b. 1895)
  • March 18
    • Hubert Gough, British general (b. 1870)
    • Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
  • March 21Felice Minotti, Italian film actor (b. 1887)
  • March 22
    • Cilly Aussem, German tennis champion (b. 1909)
    • Abraham Ellstein, American composer for Yiddish entertainments (b. 1907)
    • Mihály Székely, Hungarian bass singer (b. 1901)
  • March 23Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • March 25Felix Adler, American screenwriter (b. 1884)
  • March 26Jean Bruce, French writer (b. 1921)
  • March 27Harry Piel, German actor, film director, screenwriter, and film producer (b. 1892)
  • March 28
    • Antoine Balpêtré, French film actor (b. 1898)
    • Frank J. Marion, American motion picture pioneer (b. 1869)
    • Alec Templeton, Welsh composer, pianist and satirist
  • March 29
    • Pola Gojawiczyńska, Polish writer (b. 1896)
    • Wilcy Moore, American professional baseball player (b. 1897)
  • March 31Harry Akst, American songwriter (b. 1894)



Alma Richards

File:Felix Manalo 2014 stamp of the Philippines.jpg

Felix Manalo

File:Yitzhak Ben-Zvi.jpg

Yitzhak Ben-Zvi

  • April 1Agnes Mowinckel, Norwegian actress and stage producer (b. 1875)
  • April 3Alma Richards, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1890)
  • April 4
    • Jason Robards, Sr., American stage and screen actor, heart attack (b. 1892)
    • Oskari Tokoi, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (b. 1873)
  • April 6
    • Mario Fabrizi, comedian and actor, stress-related illness (b. 1924)
    • Otto Struve, Russian–American astronomer (b. 1897)
  • April 7Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (b. 1886)
  • April 9
    • Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist (b. 1891)
    • Benno Moiseiwitsch, Jewish-Ukrainian pianist (b. 1890)
    • Xul Solar, Argentine painter, sculptor, writer (b. 1887)
  • April 11Nando Bruno, Italian film actor (b. 1895)
  • April 12
    • Felix Manalo, First Executive Minister, Iglesia ni Cristo (b. 1886)
    • Herbie Nichols, American jazz pianist and composer (b. 1919)
  • April 14
    • Arthur Jonath, German Olympic athlete (b. 1909)
    • Kodō Nomura, Japanese novelist and music critic (b. 1882)
    • Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan, Indian historian, writer, and scholar (b. 1893)
  • April 15Edward Hearn, American actor (b. 1888)
  • April 23
    • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Israel historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (b. 1884)
    • Ferruccio Cerio, Italian film writer and director (b. 1904)
    • Paul Fejos, Hungarian film director (b. 1897)
    • Harry Harper, professional baseball player (b. 1895)
    • Don C. Harvey, American television and film actor, cardiac arrest (b. 1911)
    • Frederick Peters, American film actor (b. 1884)
  • April 24
    • Rino Corso Fougier, Italian air force general (b. 1894)
    • Leonid Lukov, Soviet film director and screenwriter (b. 1909)
  • April 25Christopher Hassall, English actor, dramatist, librettist, lyricist, and poet (b. 1912)
  • April 26Roland Pertwee, English playwright, screenwriter, director, and actor (b. 1885)
  • April 27Kenneth Macgowan, American film producer (b. 1888)
  • April 30
    • Giovanni Grasso, Italian film actor (b. 1888)
    • William C. Mellor, American cinematographer, heart attack (b. 1903)
    • Bryant Washburn, American film actor, heart attack (b. 1889)


File:Bobby Kerr.jpg

Robert Kerr


Mehdi Frasheri

  • May 1Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
  • May 2Van Wyck Brooks, American literary critic and writer (b. 1886)
  • May 6Monty Woolley, American actor (b. 1888)
  • May 7
    • Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-American engineer and physicist (b. 1881)
    • Max Miller, British music hall performer (b. 1894)
  • May 11Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • May 12
    • Robert Kerr, Canadian sprinter (b. 1882)
    • A. W. Tozer, American Protestant pastor (b. 1897)
  • May 18Ernie Davis, American football player, first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy (b. 1939)
  • May 24Elmore James, American blues guitarist (b. 1918)
  • May 25Mehdi Frashëri, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1872)
  • May 29Netta Muskett, British novelist (b. 1887)
  • May 31Edith Hamilton, German-born author (b. 1867)


File:Pope John XXIII - 1959.jpg

Pope John XXIII

File:Madre Lupita.jpg

Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala

  • June 3
  • June 6William Baziotes, American painter (b. 1912)
  • June 7ZaSu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
  • June 9Jacques Villon, French painter (b. 1875)
  • June 10Anita King, American actress and race-car driver (b. 1884)
  • June 11
    • Thích Quảng Đức, Vietnamese Buddhist monk (suicide) (b. 1897)
    • Syed Abdul Rahim, First Indian national football manager (b. 1909)
    • Alfred V. Kidder, American archaeologist (b. 1885)
  • June 12
    • Medgar Evers, African-American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
    • Andrew Cunningham, British admiral (b. 1883)
  • June 17
    • Alan Brooke, British Field Marshal (b. 1883)
    • Robert James Hudson, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1885)
    • John Cowper Powys, novelist (b. 1872)
  • June 18Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
  • June 24Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, Mexican saint (b. 1878)
  • June 27John Maurice Clark, American economist (b. 1884)
  • June 28Frank Baker, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1886)


  • July 6George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
  • July 10Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
  • July 12Slatan Dudow, Bulgarian film director (b. 1903)
  • July 18Jack Solomon, American restaurateur (b. 1896)


File:Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910.jpg

Georges Braque

  • August 1Theodore Roethke, American poet (b. 1908)
  • August 2Oliver La Farge, American writer (b. 1901)
  • August 4Tom Keene, American actor (b. 1896)
  • August 9Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American infant son of President and Mrs. Kennedy
  • August 10
    • Estes Kefauver, American politician (b. 1903)
    • Ernst Wetter, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1877)
  • August 14Clifford Odets, American playwright (b. 1906)
  • August 11Clem Bevans, American actor (b. 1879)
  • August 17Richard Barthelmess, American actor (b. 1895)
  • August 20Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
  • August 22William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, British businessman and a philanthropist (b. 1877)
  • August 23Larry Keating, American actor (b. 1896)
  • August 24James Kirkwood, Sr., American film director (b. 1875)
  • August 27
    • W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist (b. 1868)
    • Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi, Indian founder of the Khaksar Movement (b. 1888)
  • August 30Guy Burgess, British spy, one of the Cambridge Five (b. 1911)
  • August 31Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)


File:Linkomies 1960.jpg

Edwin Linkomies


File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S01144, Berlin, Gustav Gründgens als 'Hamlet'.jpg

Gustaf Grundgens


File:Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png

Ngo Dinh Diem

Template:Triple image

  • November 1
    • Elsa Maxwell, American gossip columnist (b. 1883)
    • Lê Quang Tung, South Vietnamese military leader (assassinated) (b. 1923)
  • November 2
    • Ngô Đình Diệm, President of South Vietnam (assassinated) (b. 1901)
    • Ngô Đình Nhu, South Vietnamese military leader (assassinated) (b. 1910)
  • November 12
    • José María Gatica, Argentine boxer (b. 1925)
    • John R. Hodge, United States Army general (b. 1893)
  • November 15Fritz Reiner, Hungarian conductor (b. 1888)
  • November 16Albert H. Pearson, American politician (b. 1920)
  • November 21Robert Stroud, American prisoner, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" (b. 1890)
  • November 22
    • Wilhelm Beiglböck, German Nazi physician at Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
    • Aldous Huxley, British writer (Brave New World) (b. 1894)
    • John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (assassinated) (b. 1917)
    • C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British critic, novelist (The Chronicles of Narnia) and Christian apologist (b. 1898)
    • J. D. Tippit, American police officer with the Dallas Police Department (b. 1924)
  • November 24Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of President John F. Kennedy (assassinated) (b. 1939)[7]
  • November 26Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian opera singer (b. 1882)
  • November 28Ernesto Lecuona, Cuban composer (b. 1896)
  • November 30Phil Baker, American comedian and radio personality (b. 1896)


File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1983-098-20a, Heuss.jpg

Theodor Heuss

File:Paul Hindemith 1923.jpg

Paul Hindemith

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsEugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and J. Hans D. Jensen
  • ChemistryKarl Ziegler and Giulio Natta
  • Physiology or MedicineSir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, and Andrew Huxley
  • LiteratureGiorgos Seferis
  • PeaceInternational Committee of the Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies


  1. "Timeline of George Wallace's Life, 1952–1972". The American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. 2000. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  2. Klarman, Michael J. (March–April 2004). "Brown v. Board: 40 Years Later". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
  3. "Dallas: JFK is shot dead". Archived from the original on June 28, 2002.
  4. Tracker, "Footprints Tracker", August 2012, p. 46.
  5. Larsen, Jeffrey A.; Smith, James M. (2005). "Hot Line Agreements (1963, 1971, 1984)". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 107.
  6. Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet. Simon and Schuster. p. 715.
  7. Warren Commission Report.



  1. The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan Bob Dylan


  1. Be My Baby The Ronettes
  2. Blowin' in the Wind Bob Dylan
  3. In Dreams Roy Orbison
  4. I Want to Hold Your Hand The Beatles

Christmas music


  1. Christmas (Baby, Please Come Home) Darlene Love
  2. Little Saint Nick The Beach Boys
  3. Do You Hear What I Hear? Bing Crosby
  4. White Christmas Bing Crosby
  5. Run Rudolph Run Chuck Berry
  6. Pretty Paper Roy Orbison
  7. Silent Night Holy Night/ O Come All Ye Faithful Mahalia Jackson
  8. The Beatles Christmas Record The Beatles
  9. Gee Whiz, It's Christmas Carla Thomas
  10. Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas Frank Sinatra
  11. All I Want for Christmas Is a Beatle Dora Bryan
  12. My Boyfriend's Coming Home for Christmas Toni Wine
  13. I Wish You a Merry Christmas/The Christmas Song Big Dee Irwin & Little Eva
  14. The Christmas Song The Miracles
  15. You're All I Want For Christmas Brook Benton
  16. White Christmas/Silent Night Jim Reeves
  17. Silent Night Jackie Wilson
  18. The Little Drummer Boy Johnny Mathis
  19. Christmas Time for Everyone But Me Hank Ballard & the Midnighters
  20. White Christmas Andy Williams
  21. Holiday for Bells Bert Kaempfert
  22. There's Trouble Brewin' Jack Scott
  23. You Went the Wrong Way, Old King Louie Allan Sherman
  24. White Christmas The Platters
  25. Jingo Jango Bert Kaempfert
  26. Jinglin' Bells Max Bygraves
  27. The Night Before Christmas The Chipmunks
  28. Long Time Ago The Bachelors
  29. 12 Days With Khrushchev Addiss and Crofut