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1960 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat". It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism. <templatestyles src="Template:TOC limit/styles.css" />

Events

January

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  • January – The state of emergency is lifted in Kenya, officially ending the Mau Mau Uprising.
  • January 1Cameroon gains its independence from French-administered U.N. trusteeship.
  • January 2U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA) announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
  • January 6 – The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties.
  • January 911Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt.
  • January 10 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the Wind of Change speech for the first time (see February 3).
  • January 14 – The Reserve Bank and Commonwealth Bank are created in Australia.
  • January 15 – The first televised anime, Three Tales, debuts on NHK.
  • January 19 – The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan is signed in Washington, D.C.
  • January 21 – A coal mine collapses at Coalbrook, South Africa, killing 435 miners.
  • January 22
    • In France, President Charles de Gaulle fires Jacques Massu, the commander-in-chief of the French troops in Algeria.
    • Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend into the Mariana Trench in the bathyscaphe Trieste, reaching the depth of 10,911 meters (35,797 feet) and become the first human beings to reach the lowest spot on Earth.
  • January 24 – A major insurrection occurs in Algiers against French colonial policy.
  • January 25 – In Washington, D.C., the National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
  • January 28 – The National Football League announces expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season, and Minneapolis–St. Paul for the 1961 NFL season.
  • January 30 – The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.

February

File:1960 Winter Olympics logo.svg

1960 Winter Olympics

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  • February 1 – In Greensboro, North Carolina, four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar non-violent protests throughout the Southern United States, and six months later the original four protesters are served lunch at the same counter.
File:Greensboro sit-in counter.jpg

A section of lunch counter from the Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth's where the Greensboro sit-ins began is now preserved in the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History

  • February 3Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan makes the Wind of Change speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town (although he had first made the speech, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast — now Ghana — on January 10).
  • February 5 – The first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • February 9
    • Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
    • Adolph Coors III, the chairman of the board of the Coors Brewing Company, is kidnapped, and his captors demand a ransom of $500,000. Coors is later found murdered, and Joseph Corbett, Jr. is indicted for the crime.
  • February 10 – A conference about the proposed independence of the Belgian Congo begins in Brussels, Belgium.
  • February 11
    • The N-class blimp ZPG-3W of the U.S. Navy is destroyed during a storm over Massachusetts.
    • Twelve Indian soldiers die in clashes with Red Chinese troops along their small common border.
  • February 13 – France tests its first atomic bomb in the Sahara Desert of Algeria.
  • February 18 – The 1960 Winter Olympics begin at the Squaw Valley Ski Resort, in Placer County, California.
  • February 26 – A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery at Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board.
  • February 29 – The 5.7 Mw Agadir earthquake shakes coastal Morocco with a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme), destroying Agadir, and leaving 12,000 dead and another 12,000 injured.

March

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File:GuerrilleroHeroico.jpg

The iconic picture of Che Guevara."[1]

  • March 2Lucille Ball files for divorce from husband Desi Arnaz after 19 years of marriage. The divorce ends the I Love Lucy franchise.
  • March 3Elvis Presley returns home from Germany, after being away on military duty for 2 years.
  • March 5
    • Elvis Presley receives his honorable discharge from the U.S. Army.
    • Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Che Guevara, Guerrillero Heroico, in Havana.
  • March 6
    • Vietnam War: The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers will be sent to Vietnam.
    • The Canton of Geneva in Switzerland gives women the right to vote.
  • March 17Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 710 crashes near Tell City, Indiana, killing all 63 on board.
  • March 21 – The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa results in more than 69 dead, 300 injured.
  • March 22Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
  • March 23 – Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev meets French president Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
  • March 29 – "Tom Pillibi" by Jacqueline Boyer (music by André Popp, text by Pierre Cour) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1960 for France.

April

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File:Tiros satellite navitar.jpg

Tiros I prototype on display at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

  • April 1
    • Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, Sultan of Selangor.
    • The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1.
    • The 1960 United States Census begins. There are 179,323,175 U.S. residents on this day.[2] All people from Latin America are listed as white, including blacks from the Dominican Republic, European whites from Argentina and Mexicans who resemble Native Americans.
  • April 4
    • At the 32nd Academy Awards ceremony, Ben-Hur wins a record number of Oscars, including Best Picture.
    • Elvis Presley's song "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" is recorded for the first time.
  • April 9 – Gunman David Pratt shoots South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd in Johannesburg, wounding him seriously.
  • April 12 – Eric Peugeot, the youngest son of the founder of the Peugeot Corporation, is kidnapped in Paris. Then, he is released on April 15 in exchange for $300,000 in ransom.
  • April 13
    • United States launches navigation satellite Transit I-b.
    • The proposed mass-production of the Blue Streak missile is cancelled.
  • April 19April Revolution: South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually leading him to resign from that office.
  • April 21 – In Brazil, the country's capital (Federal District) is relocated from the city of Rio de Janeiro to the new city, Brasília, in the highlands. The actual city of Rio de Janeiro becomes the State of Guanabara.
  • April 27Togo gains independence from France, with the French-administered United Nations Trust Territory being terminated.

May

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File:RIAN archive 35172 Powers Wears Special Pressure Suit.jpg

Francis Gary Powers wearing special pressure suit for stratospheric flying

  • May 1
    • Several Soviet surface-to-air missiles shoot down an American Lockheed U-2 spy plane. Its pilot, Francis Gary Powers of the Central Intelligence Agency, is captured.
    • In India, May 2 is declared as 'Maharashtra Divas', i.e., Maharashtra Day (also celebrated as 'Kaamgaar Divas', i.e., Workers Day).
  • May 3
    • The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is established.
    • The Fantasticks, the world's longest-running musical, opens at New York City's Sullivan Street Playhouse, where it will play for 42 years.
  • May 4
    • West German refugee minister Theodor Oberländer is fired because of his past with Nazi Germany.
    • A. J. Liebling promulgates Liebling's Law in The New Yorker magazine: "Freedom of the press is guaranteed only to those who own one."
  • May 6 – United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law.
  • May 9 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announces that it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle's Enovid, making it the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill.
  • May 10 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Template:Ship, under the command of Captain Edward L. Beach Jr., completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth (codenamed Operation Sandblast).
  • May 11 – In Buenos Aires, four Mossad agents abduct the fugitive Nazi criminal against humanity, Adolf Eichmann, in order that he can be taken to Israel and put on trial. (Eichmann is later convicted and executed).
  • May 13 – A joint Swiss and Austrian expedition makes the first ascent of the Asian mountain, Dhaulagiri, the world's 7th highest mountain.
  • May 14 – The Kenyan African National Congress Party is founded in Kenya, when 3 political parties join forces.
  • May 15 – The satellite Sputnik 4 is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union.
  • May 16
    • Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology from President Dwight D. Eisenhower for the U-2 reconnaissance plane flights over the Soviet Union, thus aborting the summit meeting scheduled for Paris in 1960.
    • Theodore Maiman operates the first laser.
  • May 18Real Madrid beats Eintracht Frankfurt 7-3 at Hampden Park, Glasgow and wins the 1959–60 European Cup (football).
  • May 20 – In Japan, police carry away socialist members of the Diet of Japan. The Diet next approves a mutual security treaty with the United States.
  • May 22 – The Great Chilean earthquake: Chile's subduction fault ruptures from Talcahuano to Taitao Peninsula, causing the most powerful earthquake on record (with a magnitude of 9.5) and a tsunami. Because of its power, the seismographs in the city of Valdivia are overloaded and malfunction through the entire earthquake.
  • May 23Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
  • May 27 – In Turkey, a bloodless military coup d'état removes President Celâl Bayar and installs General Cemal Gürsel as the head of state.
  • May 30Cemal Gürsel forms the new government of Turkey (its 24th government, composed mostly of so-called "technocrats").

June

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  • June 1 – New Zealand's first television station begins broadcasting in the city of Auckland.
  • June 5 – The Lake Bodom murders occur in Finland.
  • June 7U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy wins the California Democratic primary.
  • June 9Typhoon Mary kills 1,600 people in China.
  • June 10Domino's Pizza is founded.
  • June 15
    • Violent demonstrations at Tokyo University result in 182 arrests, 589 injuries.
    • The BC Ferries company, later to become the second-largest ferry operator in the world, commences service between Tsawwassen and Swartz Bay, British Columbia, Canada.
  • June 19 – The Associated Broadcasting Company (now TV5) is founded in the Philippines.
  • June 20 – The short-lived Mali Federation, consisting of the Sudanese Republic (now the Republic of Mali) and Senegal, gains independence from France.
  • June 23 – Japanese prime minister Nobusuke Kishi announces his resignation.
  • June 24Joseph Kasa-Vubu is elected as the first President of the independent Congo.
  • June 26
    • The State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland protectorate) receives its independence from the United Kingdom. Five days later, it unites as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
    • The Malagasy Republic, now Madagascar, becomes independent from France.
  • June 30
    • The Belgian Congo receives its independence from Belgium as the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville). A civil war follows closely on the heels of this.
    • Public demonstrations by democratic and left forces, against Italian government support of the post-fascist Italian Social Movement, are heavily suppressed by police.

July

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  • July 1
    • Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President.
    • Cold War: A Soviet Air Force MiG-19 fighter plane flying north of Murmansk, Russia, over the Barents Sea shoots down a six-man RB-47 Stratojet reconnaissance plane of the U.S. Air Force. Four of the U.S. Air Force officers are killed, and the two survivors are held prisoner in the Soviet Union.
    • The Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) gains its independence from Italy. Concurrently, it unites as scheduled with the five-day-old State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
  • July 4 – Following the admission of the State of Hawaii as the 50th state in August 1959, the new 50-star Flag of the United States is first officially flown over Philadelphia.
  • July 10 – The Soviet Union national football team defeats the Yugoslavian national football team 2–1 in Paris to win the first European Soccer Championship.
  • July 11
    • Congo Crisis: Moise Tshombe declares the Congolese province of Katanga independent. He requests and receives help from Belgium.
    • Harper Lee publishes her novel To Kill a Mockingbird, which later wins the Pulitzer Prize for the best American novel of 1960.
  • July 12Chin Peng is exiled from Malaysia to Thailand and the Malayan state of emergency is lifted.
  • July 13U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy is nominated for President of the United States at the 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles.
  • July 14 – The United Nations Security Council decides to send troops to Katanga to oversee the withdrawal of Belgian troops.
  • July 20Ceylon elects Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike as its Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government. She takes office the following day.
  • July 21Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrives at New York City aboard his yacht, Gypsy Moth II, crossing the Atlantic Ocean solo in a new record of just forty days.
  • July 25The Woolworth Company's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, the location of a sit-in that had sparked demonstrations by Negroes across the Southern United States, serves a meal to its first black customer.
  • July 25July 28 – In Chicago, the 1960 Republican National Convention nominates Vice President Richard Nixon as its candidate for President of the United States, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., as its candidate to become the new Vice-President.

August

File:1960 Summer Olympics logo.png

1960 Summer Olympics

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  • August 1Dahomey, now known as Benin, becomes independent from France.
  • August 3Niger becomes independent from France.
  • August 5Upper Volta, now known as Burkina Faso, becomes independent from France.
  • August 6
    • Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo against Cuba, Fidel Castro nationalizes all American and foreign-owned property in Cuba.
    • In the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville), now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Albert Kalonji declares the independence of the "Autonomous State of South Kasai".
  • August 7 – The Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.
  • August 7 – The world's first standard gauge passenger preserved railway, The Bluebell Railway, opens to the public.
  • August 11Chad becomes independent from France.
  • August 13Ubangi-Shari becomes independent from France, as the "Central African Republic". It later becomes the "Central African Empire" for some years.
  • August 15Middle Congo becomes independent from France, as Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
  • August 16
    • Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at an altitude of about 102,800 feet (31,333 meters). Kittinger sets world records for: high-altitude jump; free-fall by falling 16.0 miles (25.7 kilometers) before opening his parachute; and the fastest speed attained by a human being without mechanical or chemical assistance, about 982 k.p.h (614 m.p.h.). (Kittinger survives more or less uninjured, and he is still alive in Florida as of 2013Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".. Felix Baumgartner breaks his record in 2012.)
    • The Mediterranean island of Cyprus receives its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • August 17
    • The newly named Beatles begin a 48-night residency at the Indra club in Hamburg, West Germany.
    • Gabon becomes independent from France.
    • The trial of the American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers begins in Moscow.
  • August 19
    • Cold War: In Moscow, American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to 10 years in prison for espionage.
    • Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches the satellite Sputnik 5, with the dogs Belka and Strelka (the Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. This satellite returns to earth the next day and all animals are recovered safely.
  • August 20Senegal breaks away from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
  • August 25
    • The 1960 Summer Olympic Games begin in Rome.
    • The American nuclear submarine Template:Ship surfaces through the Arctic ice cap at the North Pole, the first submarine ever to do so.
  • August 29Hurricane Donna kills 50 people in Florida and New England.

September

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  • September 1
    • Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, Sultan of Selangor and 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Tuanku Syed Putra, Raja of Perlis.
    • Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the company's history (the event lasts two days).
  • September 2 – The first elections of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration are held. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
  • September 5
    • 1960 Summer Olympic Games: Muhammad Ali (then Cassius Clay) wins the gold medal in light-heavyweight boxing.
    • The Congolese president, Joseph Kasa-Vubu, fires Patrice Lumumba's entire government, and also places Lumumba under house arrest.
  • September 6William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell, two American cryptologists, announce their defection to the Soviet Union at a press conference in Moscow.
  • September 8 – In Huntsville, Alabama, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (which had been activated by NASA on July 1).
  • September 14
    • Colonel Joseph Mobutu takes power in Republic of the Congo via a military coup.
    • The countries of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela form OPEC.
  • September 22Mali, the sole remaining member of the "Mali Federation" following the withdrawal of Senegal one month earlier, declares its full independence as the Republic of Mali.
  • September 26 – The leading candidates for President of the United States, Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy, make the first televised debate.
  • September 30 – The television animated sitcom, The Flintstones premieres on ABC.

October

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  • October 1
    • Nigeria becomes independent from United Kingdom, and Nnamdi Azikiwe becomes its first native-born Governor General.
    • Cameroon declares independence from United Kingdom.
  • October 3Jânio Quadros is elected President of Brazil for a five-year term.
  • October 5 – White South Africans vote to make the country a republic.
  • October 7Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations.
  • October 12
    • Cold War: Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, his way of protesting the discussion of the Soviet Union's policies toward Eastern Europe.
    • Inejiro Asanuma, chairman of the Japan Socialist Party, is assassinated by Otoya Yamaguchi using a wakizashi (samurai sword) during a political debate in Tokyo being taped for broadcast on Japanese television.
  • October 13
    • The third John F. KennedyRichard M. Nixon Presidential Debate takes place.[3]
    • The Pittsburgh Pirates defeat the New York Yankees in the seventh game of the World Series on Bill Mazeroski's series-clinching home run.
  • October 14
    • Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea for the Peace Corps of the United States.
    • The Premier of New South Wales officially opens Warragamba Dam,[4] one of the world's largest domestic water supply dams.
  • October 24Nedelin catastrophe: A large rocket explodes on the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, killing at least 90 people of the Soviet space program.
  • October 26Robert F. Kennedy telephones Coretta Scott King, the wife of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and secures King's release from jail regarding a traffic violation in Atlanta.
  • October 29 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional boxing match.
  • October 30 – Dr. Michael Woodruff carries out the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom, at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

November

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File:Polaris-a3.jpg

November 15: Polaris missile test

  • November 2Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity, in the case of D. H. Lawrence's novel Lady Chatterley's Lover.
  • November 8United States presidential election, 1960: In a close race, Democratic U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy is elected over Republican U. S. Vice President Richard Nixon, to become (at 43) the second youngest man to serve as President of the United States, and the youngest man elected to this position.
  • November 13Sammy Davis Jr., marries Swedish actress May Britt.
  • November 14
    • Belgium threatens to leave the United Nations over criticism of its policy concerning the Republic of the Congo.
    • A collision between two trains in Pardubice, Czechoslovakia, kills 117 people.
  • November 15 – A Polaris missile is test-launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida
  • November 22 – The United Nations supports the government of Joseph Kasavubu and Joseph Mobutu in the Republic of the Congo.
  • November 24 – The professional basketball player Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers gets 55 rebounds in an NBA game versus the Boston Celtics.
  • November 28Mauritania becomes independent of France.

December

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  • December
    • The African and Malagasy Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OAMCE) (Organisation Africain et Malagache de Coopération Économique) is established.
    • Édith Piaf's recording of "Non, je ne regrette rien" is released in France.
  • December 1
    • Patrice Lumumba, deposed premier of the Republic of the Congo, is arrested by the troops of Colonel Joseph Mobutu.
    • A Soviet satellite containing live animals and plants is launched into orbit. Due to a malfunction it burns up during re-entry.
  • December 2
    • The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, talks with Pope John XXIII for about one hour in Vatican City. This is the first time that any chief of the Anglican Church had ever visited the Pope.
    • U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the use of $1.0 million for the relief and resettlement of Cuban refugees, who had been arriving in Florida at the rate of about 1,000 per week.
  • December 4 – The admission of Mauritania to the United Nations is vetoed by the Soviet Union.
  • December 5
    • Pierre Lagaillarde, who led the insurrections in 1958 and 1960 in Algeria, fails to appear in court in Paris, France. He had reportedlyScript error: No such module "Unsubst". fled with his four fellow defendants to Spain en route to Algeria.
    • Boynton v. Virginia: The Supreme Court of the United States declares that segregation in public transportation is illegal in the United States.
  • December 7 – The United Nations Security Council is called into session by the Soviet Union in order to consider Soviet demands for the Security Council to seek the immediate release of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba.
  • December 8 – For the first time, Mary Martin's Peter Pan is presented as a stand-alone two-hour special on NBC instead of as part of an anthology series. This version, rather than being presented live, is shown on videotape, enabling NBC to repeat it as often as they wish without having to restage it. Although nearly all of the adult actors repeat their original Broadway roles, all of the original children have, ironically, outgrown their roles and are replaced by new actors.
  • December 9
    • French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria is bloodied by European and Muslim rioters in Algeria's largest cities. These riots cause 127 deaths.
    • The classic British TV series Coronation Street premieres. Planned as a 13-part drama, it becomes such a success among viewers it continues to be shown five times per week through 2012.
  • December 11 – MGM's The Wizard of Oz is rerun on CBS only a year after its previous telecast, thus beginning the tradition of annual telecasts of the film.
  • December 12 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds a lower Federal Court ruling that the State of Louisiana's racial segregation laws are unconstitutional, and overturns them.
  • December 13
    • 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt: While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Kebur Zabagna (Imperial Bodyguard) leads a military coup against his rule, proclaiming that the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen Taffari, is the new emperor.
    • The countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua announce the formation of the Central American Common Market.
    • The U.S. Navy's Commander Leroy Heath (pilot) and Lieutenant Larry Monroe (bombardier/navigator) establish a world flight-altitude record of 91,450 feet (27,874 m), with payload, in an A-5 Vigilante bomber carrying Script error: No such module "convert"., and better the previous world record by over four miles (6 km).
  • December 14
    • Antoine Gizenga proclaims in the Democratic Republic of the Congo that he has taken over as the country's premier.
    • First tied Test by the West Indian cricket team in Australia in Brisbane.
  • December 15
    • King Mahendra of Nepal deposes the democratic government in his country and takes direct control himself.
    • King Baudouin of Belgium marries Doña Fabiola de Mora y Aragón.
  • December 16
    • Secretary of State Christian Herter announces that the United States will commit five nuclear submarines and eighty Polaris missiles to the defense of the NATO countries by the end of 1963.
    • New York mid-air collision: A United Airlines DC-8 collides in mid-air with a TWA Lockheed Constellation over Staten Island in New York City. All 128 passengers and crewmembers on the two airliners, and six people on the ground, are killed.
  • December 17 – Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia overcome the coup that began on December 13, returning the reins to the Emperor upon his return from a trip to Brazil. The Emperor absolves his own son of any guilt.
  • December 19 – Fire sweeps through the USS Constellation, to become the U.S. Navy's largest aircraft carrier, while she is under construction at the Brooklyn Navy Yard; killing 50 workers and injuring 150.
  • December 27 – France sets off its third A-bomb test at its nuclear weapons testing range near Reggane, Algeria.
  • December 31 – Last day on which the farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, is legal tender in the United Kingdom.

Date unknown

World population

  • World population: 3,021,475,001
    • Africa: 277,398,000
    • Asia: 1,701,336,000
    • Europe: 604,401,000
    • Latin America: 218,300,000
    • North America: 204,152,000
    • Oceania: 15,888,000

Births

January

File:Michael Stipe of REM photographed by Kris Krug.jpg

Michael Stipe

File:Nigella2.jpg

Nigella Lawson

File:Mohammad Javad Zarif 2014.jpg

Mohammad Javad Zarif

  • January 2Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author and artist
  • January 4
    • Art Paul Schlosser, American comedian,singer and songwriter
    • Michael Stipe, American rock singer (R.E.M.)
    • April Winchell, American writer and voice actress
  • January 6
    • Kari Jalonen, Finnish ice hockey player
    • Howie Long, American football player
    • Nigella Lawson, English journalist, broadcaster, television personality, gourmet, and food writer
    • Miriam O'Callaghan, Irish media personality
  • January 7Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iranian politician, diplomat
  • January 10
    • Negro Casas, Mexican professional wrestler
    • Brian Cowen, Taoiseach of Ireland
    • Samira Said, Moroccan singer
  • January 12
    • Oliver Platt, Canadian actor
    • Dominique Wilkins, American basketball player
  • January 13Kevin Anderson, American actor
  • January 18Mark Rylance, English actor, theatre director and playwright
  • January 20Will Wright, American computer game designer
  • January 21
    • Toxey Haas, American entrepreneur, founder of Haas Outdoors, Inc.
    • Mamoru Nagano, Japanese designer
  • January 22Michael Hutchence, Australian rock musician (INXS) (d. 1997)
  • January 23Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
  • January 24
    • Rick Leventhal, American news journalist
    • Mária Bajzek Lukács, Hungarian Slovene writer, adjunct of the University ELTE
  • January 26Charlie Gillingham, American keyboardist
  • January 28Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer and producer
  • January 29
    • Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)
    • Sean Kerly, British field hockey player
    • Greg Louganis, American diver
  • January 30 – Alex Titomirov, Russian-American businessman

February

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Prince Andrew, Duke of York

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Naruhito

  • February 2Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
  • February 3
    • Marty Jannetty, American professional wrestler
    • Joachim Löw, German football manager
    • Kerry Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1993)
  • February 7
    • Yasunori Matsumoto, Japanese voice actor
    • Robert Smigel, American actor, comedian, and puppeteer
    • James Spader, American actor
  • February 8
    • Benigno Aquino III, 15th President of the Philippines
    • Alfred Gusenbauer, Chancellor of Austria
  • February 9Frederik Ndoci, Albanian singer, songwriter, poet, writer, actor and international Recording artist
  • February 13
    • Pierluigi Collina, Italian football (soccer) referee
    • Gary Patterson, American football coach
  • February 14Jim Kelly, American football player
  • February 16Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress
  • February 18
    • Gazebo, Italian musician
    • Tony Anselmo, American animator and voice actor
  • February 19Prince Andrew, Duke of York, British prince and second son of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh
  • February 20
    • Wendee Lee, American voice actress
    • Kee Marcello, Swedish rock guitarist (Easy Action, Europe)
  • February 21
    • Henry G. Brinton, American writer and minister
    • Laurent Petitguillaume, French radio and television host
  • February 23Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
  • February 27Andrés Gómez, Ecuadorian tennis player
  • February 28
    • Tōru Ōkawa, Japanese voice actor
    • Dorothy Stratten, Canadian model and actress (d. 1980)
  • February 29Richard Ramirez, American serial killer (d. 2013)

March

File:Adam clayton u2 brasilia 2011.jpg

Adam Clayton

File:Ayrton Senna 9 - Cropped.jpg

Ayrton Senna

  • March 2
    • Hector Calma, Filipino basketball player
    • Debra McMichael, American professional wrestling valet
  • March 4
    • Mikko Kuustonen, Finnish singer and songwriter
    • John Mugabi, Ugandan boxer and World Junior Middleweight champion
  • March 7
    • Joe Carter, American baseball player
    • Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player
  • March 8
    • Finn Carter, American actress
    • Jeffrey Eugenides, American author
  • March 10Anne MacKenzie, Scottish broadcaster
  • March 12Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer (Loudness)
  • March 13
    • Adam Clayton, Irish rock bassist (U2)
    • Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
  • March 14Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • March 16Jenny Eclair, British comedian, actress and novelist
  • March 18Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
  • March 19Simo Aalto, Finnish magician
  • March 20
    • Roxanne Kernohan, Canadian actress (d. 1993)
    • Norm Magnusson, American artist
  • March 21
    • Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Formula One triple world champion (d. 1994)
    • Robert Sweet, American rock drummer (Stryper)
  • March 23Nicol Stephen, Scottish politician
  • March 24
    • Kelly Le Brock, American model and actress
    • Annabella Sciorra, Italian-American actress
    • Jan Berglin, Swedish cartoonist
    • Nena, German singer
  • March 26Marcus Allen, American football player
  • March 27
    • Hans Pflügler, German footballer
    • Renato Russo, Brazilian singer (Legião Urbana) (d. 1996)
  • March 29Hiromi Tsuru, Japanese voice actress

April

File:Hugo Weaving 2014.jpg

Hugo Weaving

File:BradGarrettApr2011.jpg

Brad Garrett

File:Ambassador christopher stevens.jpg

J. Christopher Stevens

File:Michael Lohan 2008.jpg

Michael Lohan

  • April 1Michael Praed, British actor
  • April 2Linford Christie, British athlete
  • April 3Elizabeth Gracen, American beauty queen, actress and model
  • April 4Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born Australian actor
  • April 10Fabio Golfetti, Brazilian musician and record producer (Violeta de Outono, Gong)
  • April 11Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist and television show host
  • April 13Rudi Völler, German footballer and manager
  • April 14Brad Garrett, American actor, comedian and voice actor
  • April 14Myoma Myint Kywe, Burmese Writer and Historian
  • April 15Susanne Bier, Danish film director
  • April 16
    • Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician (d. 2007)
    • Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager
    • Pierre Littbarski, German footballer and coach
  • April 18
    • Neo Rauch, German painter
    • J. Christopher Stevens, American diplomat, U.S. Ambassador to Libya (d. 2012)
  • April 19Frank Viola, American baseball player
  • April 20John Altenburgh, American blues and jazz musician
  • April 22Tatiana Thumbtzen, American actress, model and dancer
  • April 23
    • Valerie Bertinelli, American actress
    • Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (d. 1991)
    • David Gedge, English musician (The Wedding Present and Cinerama)
    • Léo Jaime, Brazilian writer, actor and musician (João Penca e Seus Miquinhos Amestrados)
    • Claude Julien, Canadian ice hockey coach
    • Craig Sheffer, American actor
  • April 25Michael Lohan, American television personality; father of Lindsay Lohan
  • April 28
    • Steven Blum, American voice actor
    • John Cerutti, American baseball player and announcer (d. 2004)
    • Elena Kagan, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
    • Ian Rankin, Scottish crime novelist

May

File:Munich Security Conference 2010 - dett ivanov 0024.jpg

Gjorge Ivanov

File:Bono November 2014.jpg

Bono

  • May 2
    • Gjorge Ivanov, President of Macedonia
    • Stephen Daldry, English film director
  • May 3Amy Steel, American film actress
  • May 4
    • Andrew Denton, Australian television presenter and comedian
    • Werner Faymann, Chancellor of Austria
  • May 6John Flansburgh, American singer-songwriter, half of alternative rock duo They Might Be Giants
  • May 7Adam Bernstein, American music video/television director
  • May 8Eric Brittingham, American rock bassist
  • May 9Tony Gwynn, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • May 10Bono, Irish rock singer (U2)
  • May 14
    • Ronan Tynan, Irish tenor
    • "Dr. Death" Steve Williams, American professional wrestler (d. 2009)
  • May 15Julian Jarrold, English film and television director and producer
  • May 16Landon Deireragea, Nauruan politician
  • May 17John Payne, British voice actor
  • May 18
    • Jari Kurri, Finnish hockey player
    • Yannick Noah, French tennis player
  • May 19Yazz, British pop singer
  • May 20
    • John Billingsley, American actor
    • Tony Goldwyn, American actor, voice actor, and film director
  • May 21Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (d. 1994)
  • May 22Hideaki Anno, Japanese director
  • May 23Linden Ashby, American actor
  • May 24
  • May 25Amy Klobuchar, American politician
  • May 26Rob Murphy, American baseball player
  • May 29
    • Thomas Baumer, Swiss economist, interculturalist and personality assessor
    • Neil Crone, Canadian actor
  • May 31
    • Greg Adams, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Chris Elliott, American actor and comedian

June

File:Elenamukhina1.jpg

Elena Mukhina

File:Tony Hadley 2014.jpg

Tony Hadley

File:Kyle Petty 2011.jpg

Kyle Petty

File:Thomas Haden Church at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

Thomas Haden Church

  • June 1Elena Mukhina, Soviet artistic gymnast (d. 2006)
  • June 2
    • Tony Hadley, British singer and musician, lead singer of Spandau Ballet
    • Kyle Petty, former NASCAR driver and current sports commentator
  • June 4
    • Paul Taylor, American musician (Winger)
    • Bradley Walsh, English actor and comedian
  • June 6Steve Vai, American guitarist
  • June 8
    • Diane Meredith Belcher, American concert organist, teacher, and church musician
    • Mick Hucknall, English rock singer and songwriter (Simply Red)
    • Garth Smith, American pianist
  • June 12Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • June 14Peter Mitchell, Australian newsreader
  • June 16Peter Sterling, Australian rugby player
  • June 17Thomas Haden Church, American actor and film director
  • June 21Kevin Harlan, American sports announcer
  • June 22Erin Brockovich, American environmental activist
  • June 28John Elway, American football player
  • June 30
    • Angela Raiola, American television personality (d. 2016)
    • Tony Bellotto, Brazilian guitarist and writer

July

File:Jane Lynch, 2008 appearance (crop).jpg

Jane Lynch

  • July 1Kōji Ishii, Japanese voice actor
  • July 3
    • Vince Clarke, British musician and composer (Depeche Mode, Erasure)
    • Perrine Pelen, French alpine skier
  • July 4
    • Sid Eudy, American professional wrestler
    • Barry Windham, American professional wrestler
  • July 5Pruitt Taylor Vince, American actor
  • July 7Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • July 8Thilo Martinho, German composer and singer-songwriter
  • July 9Charles Gavin, Brazilian drummer and producer
  • July 13Ian Hislop, British journalist and broadcaster
  • July 14
    • Kyle Gass, American music singer-songwriter-guitarist/actor
    • Jane Lynch, American actress
  • July 15Kim Alexis, American model and actress
  • July 17
    • Robin Shou, Hong Kong actor
    • Jan Wouters, Dutch football player and manager
  • July 18Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
  • July 19
    • Atom Egoyan, Armenian-Canadian film maker
    • Terrie Hall, American anti-smoking and tobacco advocate
  • July 21
    • Ezequiel Viñao, Argentine-born composer
    • Fritz Walter, German footballer
  • July 28Harald Lesch, German physicist, astronomer, natural philosopher, author, television presenter, professor of physics
  • July 30Richard Linklater, American director
  • July 31Dale Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach

August

File:J. L. R. Zapatero.jpg

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

File:David Duchovny 2011 Shankbone.JPG

David Duchovny

File:Antonio Banderas.jpg

Antonio Banderas

File:Sean Penn by Sachyn Mital (cropped).jpg

Sean Penn

  • August 1Chuck D, African-American rapper (Public Enemy)
  • August 4
    • Dean Malenko, American professional wrestler
    • José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Prime Minister of Spain
  • August 7David Duchovny, American actor
  • August 8Ulrich Maly, German politician and Mayor of Nuremberg
  • August 10
    • Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor and film director
    • Kenny Perry, American golfer
  • August 12Laurent Fignon, French road bicycle racer (d. 2010)
  • August 13
    • Koji Kondo, Japanese composer
    • Phil Taylor, English darts player
  • August 14Sarah Brightman, English soprano singer and actress
  • August 15Judy Holt, British television actress
  • August 16
    • Timothy Hutton, American actor
    • Martha Moxley, American murder victim (d. 1975)
  • August 17Sean Penn, American actor and film director
  • August 19Morten Andersen, American football player
  • August 23Chris Potter, Canadian actor and musician
  • August 24Cal Ripken Jr., American baseball player
  • August 26
    • Branford Marsalis, African-American musician
    • Ola Ray, American actress and model
  • August 30Chalino Sánchez, Mexican musician (d. 1992)

September

File:Hugh Grant '11.jpg

Hugh Grant

File:Colin Firth by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Colin Firth

File:Melissa Leo at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

Melissa Leo

  • September 1Joseph Williams, American singer and film score composer
  • September 2John S. Hall, American poet and spoken-word artist
  • September 4
    • Kim Thayil, American rock guitarist (Soundgarden)
    • Damon Wayans, African-American actor and comedian
  • September 5Karita Mattila, Finnish soprano
  • September 7Phillip Rhee, American actor, producer and writer
  • September 9
    • Mario Batali, American chef and host
    • Hugh Grant, English actor and activist
    • Bob Stoops, American football coach
  • September 10Colin Firth, English actor
  • September 11Annie Gosfield, American composer
  • September 12Evan Jenkins, American politician
  • September 13Kevin Carter, South African photojournalist (d. 1994)
  • September 14
    • Melissa Leo, American actress
    • Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor
  • September 16
    • John Franco, American baseball player
    • Yianna Katsoulos, French singer
  • September 17Kevin Clash, American actor and puppeteer
  • September 19Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer of tejano singer Selena
  • September 21David James Elliott, Canadian actor
  • September 22Scott Baio, American actor
  • September 28Jennifer Rush, American singer
  • September 29Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
  • September 30Blanche Lincoln, American politician

October

File:Jean-Claude Van Damme 2012.jpg

Jean-Claude Van Damme

File:Maradona at 2012 GCC Champions League final.JPG

Diego Maradona

  • October 4
    • Ana Patricia Botín, Spanish banker
    • Billy Hatcher, American baseball player
  • October 5Antônio de Oliveira Filho, Brazilian footballer
  • October 6Richard Jobson, Scottish rock singer-songwriter, filmmaker, and television presenter (Skids)
  • October 7Kyosuke Himuro, Japanese singer
  • October 9Maddie Blaustein, American voice actress (d. 2008)
  • October 12Alexei Kudrin, Russian Minister of Finance
  • October 13Joey Belladonna, American heavy metal singer (Anthrax)
  • October 17Guy Henry, English actor
  • October 18
    • Alex Ferrer, Cuban-American television personality, lawyer, and retired judge who presided as the arbiter on Judge Alex
    • Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian actor
  • October 19
    • Kerry Sanders, American news correspondent
    • Jeremy Swift, English television actor
  • October 24
    • Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)
    • BD Wong, American actor
  • October 26Jouke de Vries, Dutch–Frisian politician
  • October 28Landon Curt Noll, American astronomer, cryptographer, and mathematician
  • October 29
    • Finola Hughes, British actress
    • Dieter Nuhr, German comedian
  • October 30Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer
  • October 31Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran

November

File:Tim Cook 2009 cropped.jpg

Tim Cook

File:Tilda Swinton by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Tilda Swinton

File:Stanley Tucci 2010.jpg

Stanley Tucci

File:Jonathan Ross by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Jonathan Ross

File:JFKJr2.jpg

John F. Kennedy Jr.

File:Yulia Tymoshenko 2011.jpg

Yulia Tymoshenko

  • November 1Tim Cook, American businessman and current CEO of Apple, Inc
  • November 3
    • Francis Beckwith, American philosopher
    • Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player
  • November 4Frl. Menke, German pop singer
  • November 5Tilda Swinton, British actress
  • November 9
    • Andreas Brehme, German football player and manager
    • Joëlle Ursull, Guadeloupean singer
  • November 10Neil Gaiman, English author
  • November 11Stanley Tucci, American actor and film director
  • November 15Susanne Lothar, German actress (d. 2012)
  • November 17Jonathan Ross, English television presenter
  • November 18Kim Wilde, English singer and gardener
  • November 19
    • Miss Elizabeth, American professional wrestling valet (d. 2003)
    • Hiroshi Naka, Japanese voice actor
    • Matt Sorum, American drummer
  • November 20Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
  • November 24Amanda Wyss, American actress
  • November 25
    • Amy Grant, American Christian and pop musician
    • John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer, journalist and son of 35th President John F. Kennedy (d. 1999)
    • Kasey Smith, American keyboardist (Danger Danger)
  • November 26Harold Reynolds, American baseball player and broadcaster
  • November 27
    • Eike Immel, German football player and manager
    • Tim Pawlenty, American politician
    • Yulia Tymoshenko, Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • November 30
    • Rich Fields, American television personality
    • Gary Lineker, English footballer and sports presenter

December

File:DH 2013 Global Summit.jpg

Daryl Hannah

File:Julianne Moore (15011443428).jpg

Julianne Moore

File:KennethBranaghApr2011.jpg

Kenneth Branagh

  • December 1Carol Alt, American model and actress
  • December 2
    • Rick Savage, British rock musician (Def Leppard)
    • Sydney Youngblood, American singer
  • December 3
  • December 4Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete
  • December 5
    • Brian Bromberg, American jazz bassist and composer
    • Jack Russell, American rock singer (Great White)
  • December 9
    • Steve Doll, American professional wrestler (d. 2009)
    • Jeff "Swampy" Marsh, American television director, writer, producer, storyboard artist, and actor
  • December 10
    • Kenneth Branagh, Northern Irish actor and director
    • Michael Schoeffling, American actor and model
  • December 12
    • Volker Beck, German politician
  • December 17Tarako, Japanese voice actress
  • December 18Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist
  • December 19
    • Jon St. John, American Actor
    • Mike Lookinland, former American actor
  • December 22Mark Brydon, British musician (Moloko)
  • December 24
    • Charles Ng – Chinese-American serial killer
    • Carol Vorderman, British television presenter
  • December 27
    • Maryam d'Abo, British actress
    • Fred Hammond, African-American gospel musician
  • December 28
    • Ray Bourque, Canadian ice hockey player
    • John Fitzgerald, Australian tennis player
  • December 29Dave Pelzer, American author
  • December 31
    • Steve Bruce, English footballer
    • John Allen Muhammad, African-American spree killer (d. 2009)

Date unknown

  • Randi Altschul, American toy inventor

Deaths

January

File:Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg

Albert Camus

File:Beno Gutenberg.jpg

Beno Gutenberg

  • January 1Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909)
  • January 3Victor Sjöström, Swedish actor (b. 1879)
  • January 4
    • Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize winner (b. 1913)
    • Dudley Nichols, American screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • January 5Donald Knight, English cricketer (b. 1894)
  • January 7Dorothea Chambers, English tennis champion (b. 1878)
  • January 9Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's novelist (b. 1880)
  • January 10Arthur S. Carpender, American admiral (b. 1884)
  • January 12Nevil Shute, English writer (b. 1899)
  • January 17Andrew Kennaway Henderson, New Zealand illustrator, cartoonist, and pacifist (b. 1879)
  • January 19Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (b. 1890)
  • January 24
    • Matt Moore, Irish-American actor (b. 1888)
    • Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (b. 1886)
    • John Miljan, American actor (b. 1892)
  • January 25
    • Diana Barrymore, American stage and film actress (b. 1921)
    • Rutland Boughton, English composer (b. 1878)
    • Beno Gutenberg, German-American seismologist (b. 1889)
  • January 27Osvaldo Aranha, Brazilian politician (b. 1894)
  • January 28Zora Neale Hurston, American folklorist and author (b. 1891)
  • January 30J. C. Kumarappa, Indian economist (b. 1892)

February

File:Adone Zoli.jpg

Adone Zoli

  • February 2Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha, Hindu teacher (b. 1884)
  • February 3Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
  • February 6Jesse Belvin, American R&B singer (b. 1932)
  • February 7Igor Kurchatov, Soviet physicist (b. 1903)
  • February 8
    • J. L. Austin, British philosopher (b. 1911)
    • Giles Gilbert Scott, British architect (b. 1880)
  • February 10Aloysius Stepinac, Croatian Catholic prelate (b. 1898)
  • February 11Ernő Dohnányi, Hungarian conductor (b. 1877)
  • February 12Jean-Michel Atlan, French painter (b. 1913)
  • February 14Masatomi Kimura, Japanese admiral (b. 1891)
  • February 20
    • Leonard Woolley, English archaeologist (b. 1880)
    • Adone Zoli, Italian politician, 35th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1887)
  • February 29
    • Jacques Becker, French director (b. 1906)
    • Edwina Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (b. 1901), last Vicereine of India
    • Melvin Purvis, American lawman (b. 1903)
    • Walter Yust, American encyclopedia editor (b. 1894)

March

File:Oliver Kirk LOC.jpg

Oliver Kirk

  • March 2Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (b. 1874)
  • March 4Leonard Warren, American opera singer (b. 1911)
  • March 9Jack Beattie, Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • March 11Roy Chapman Andrews, American explorer, adventurer and naturalist (b. 1884)
  • March 13Yosef Zvi HaLevy, Israeli rabbi and judge (b.1874)
  • March 14Oliver Kirk, American Olympic boxer (b. 1884)
  • March 23Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist (b. 1881)
  • March 26Ian Keith, American actor (b. 1899)
  • March 27
    • Mario Talavera, Mexican songwriter (b. 1885)
    • Gregorio Marañón, Spanish physician, scientist, historian and philosopher. (b. 1887)

April

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-U0205-502, Max von Laue.jpg

Max von Laue

File:1912 Gustaf Lindblom2.JPG

Gustaf Lindblom

  • April 1Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, King of Malaysia (b. 1895)
  • April 5
    • Cuthbert Burnup, English sportsman (b. 1875)
    • Peter Llewelyn Davies, namesake for Peter Pan (b. 1897)
    • Alma Kruger, American actress (b. 1868)
  • April 10Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (b. 1893)
  • April 17Eddie Cochran, American rock singer (b. 1938)
  • April 19Beardsley Ruml, American economist and tax plan author (b. 1894)
  • April 24
    • Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
    • George Relph, English actor (b. 1888)
  • April 25
    • Hope Emerson, American actress (b. 1897)
    • Amānullāh Khān, former Afghan Emir and King (b. 1892)
    • Turan Emeksiz, Turkish student killed during the demonstrations (b. 1940)
  • April 26Gustaf Lindblom, Swedish Olympic athlete (b. 1891)

May

File:Georges Claude 1926.jpg

Georges Claude

File:James Montgomery Flagg (1).jpg

James Montgomery Flagg

File:Boris Pasternak cropped.jpg

Boris Pasternak

  • May 1Charles Holden, British architect (b. 1875)
  • May 2Caryl Chessman, American criminal (b. 1921)
  • May 3Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (b. 1914)
  • May 8
    • Hersch Lauterpacht, British international lawyer (b. 1897)
    • J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)
  • May 11John D. Rockefeller Jr., American philanthropist (b. 1874)
  • May 12Prince Aly Khan, Pakistani United Nations ambassador (b. 1911)
  • May 14Lucrezia Bori, Spanish opera singer (b. 1887)
  • May 22İbrahim Çallı, Turkish painter (b. 1882)
  • May 23Georges Claude, French inventor (b. 1870)
  • May 24Avraham Arnon, Israeli educator and a recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1887)
  • May 27
    • Edward Brophy, American actor (b. 1895)
    • James Montgomery Flagg, American artist and illustrator (b. 1877)
    • George Zucco, English actor (b. 1886)
  • May 30Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
  • May 31Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (b. 1890)

June

File:Kenneth McArthur.jpg

Ken McArthur

  • June 4
    • Józef Haller de Hallenburg, Polish general (b. 1873)
    • Lucien Littlefield, American actor (b. 1895)
  • June 13Ken McArthur, South African athlete (b. 1881)
  • June 14Ana Pauker, Romanian communist politician (b. 1893)
  • June 17Arthur Rosson, English film director (b. 1886)
  • June 18Shalva Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian politician (b. 1884)
  • June 19Chris Bristow, English race car driver (b. 1937)
  • June 20
    • William E. Fairbairn, English soldier, police officer, and hand-to-hand combat expert (b. 1885)
    • John B. Kelly Sr., American rower, father of Grace Kelly (b. 1889)
  • June 25
    • Walter Baade, German astronomer (b. 1893)
    • Otto Ender, 9th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1875)
    • Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (b. 1869)
  • June 27Lottie Dod, English tennis player; Wimbledon women's champion, 1887–88, 1891-93 (b. 1871)

July

File:Hasan Hüsnü Saka.jpg

Hasan Saka

  • July 6Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
  • July 14Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie, French physicist (b. 1875)
  • July 15
    • Anton Giulio Bragaglia, Italian cinematographer (b. 1890)
    • Set Persson, Swedish politician (b. 1897)
    • Lawrence Tibbett, American opera singer and actor (b. 1896)
  • July 16
    • Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (b. 1885)
    • John P. Marquand, American novelist (b. 1893)
  • July 22Buddy Adler, American film producer (b. 1909)
  • July 24Hans Albers, German actor and singer (b. 1891)
  • July 26Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director (b. 1893)
  • July 28Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan novelist (b. 1900)
  • July 29Hasan Saka, former Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1885)

August

File:Former PM Arthur Meighen.jpg

Arthur Meighen

  • August 5Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • August 7
    • Walden L. "Pug" Ainsworth, American admiral (b. 1886)
    • Luis Ángel Firpo, Argentine boxer (b. 1894)
  • August 9Richard Cramer, American actor (b. 1889)
  • August 10
    • Frank Lloyd, American film director (b. 1886)
    • Oswald Veblen, American mathematician, geometer and topologist (b. 1880)
  • August 14Fred Clarke, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1872)
  • August 17Charles W. Ryder, American general (b. 1892)
  • August 22
    • Eduard Pütsep, Estonian wrestler (b. 1898)
    • Johannes Sikkar, Estonian politician (b. 1897)
  • August 23
    • Jersey Flegg, English-Australian rugby league player and chairman (b. 1878)
    • Oscar Hammerstein II, American librettist (b. 1895)
    • Bruno Loerzer, German aviator and air force general (b. 1891)
  • August 27Stanley Clifford Weyman, American impostor (b. 1890)
  • August 28Charles Forbes, British Admiral (b. 1880)
  • August 29
    • Vicki Baum, Austrian writer (b. 1888)
    • David Diop, French West African poet (b. 1927)

September

October

  • October 11Richard Cromwell, American actor (b. 1910)
  • October 12Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese Socialist politician (assassinated) (b. 1898)
  • October 15
    • Henny Porten, German actress (b. 1890)
    • Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)
  • October 21Ma Hongbin, Chinese warlord (b. 1884)
  • October 24Yevgeny Ostashev, was the test pilot of rocket and space complexes, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer-Lieutenant Colonel.(b. 1924)
  • October 31H. L. Davis, American author (b. 1894)

November

File:Clark Gable - publicity.JPG

Clark Gable

File:Dirk Jan de Geer.jpg

Dirk Jan de Geer

  • November 2
    • Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek conductor, pianist, and composer (b. 1896)
    • Otoya Yamaguchi ultranationalist who assassinated Inejiro Asanuma, a politician and head of the Japan Socialist Party (d. 1960)
  • November 3
    • Bobby Wallace, American baseball player (St. Louis Browns) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1873)
    • Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer (b. 1890)
  • November 5
    • Ward Bond, American actor (b. 1903)
    • August Gailit, Estonian writer (b. 1891)
    • Johnny Horton, American country singer (b. 1925)
    • Mack Sennett, Canadian film producer and director (b. 1880)
    • Erich Neumann, German psychologist (b. 1905)
  • November 6Erich Raeder, German World War II naval leader (b. 1876)
  • November 7A. P. Carter, American singer and songwriter (b. 1891)
  • November 12Lord Buckley, American monologist (b. 1906)
  • November 14Walter Catlett, American actor (b. 1889)
  • November 16
    • Clark Gable, American actor (b. 1901)
    • Paul Faure, French Socialist politician (b. 1878)
  • November 19Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
  • November 20Ya'akov Cohen, Israeli poet (b. 1881)
  • November 23Allen Hobbs, 32nd Governor of American Samoa (b. 1889)
  • November 24Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, sister of Tsar Nicholas II (b. 1882)
  • November 25Patria (b. 1924), Minerva (b. 1926), and Maria Teresa Mirabal (b. 1935), three Dominican revolutionaries (and their driver, Rufino de la Cruz)
  • November 28
    • Richard Wright, American novelist (b. 1908)
    • Dirk Jan de Geer, 30th and 33rd Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1870)

December

  • December 2Fritz August Breuhaus de Groot, German architect, interior designer and designer (b. 1883)
  • December 7Ioannis Demestichas, Greek admiral (b. 1882)
  • December 13John Charles Thomas, American opera singer (b. 1891)
  • December 14Gregory Ratoff, Russian actor and director
  • December 20 – Sir Godfrey Ince, British civil servant (b. 1891)
  • December 22Ninian Comper, British architect (b. 1864)
  • December 26
    • Giuseppe Bellanca, Italian-American aircraft designer and company founder (b. 1886)
    • Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (b. 1889)

Date unknown

  • Guillermo Sánchez Boix, Spanish cartoonist (b. 1917)

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Brand Che: Revolutionary as Marketer's Dream by Michiko Kakutani, The New York Times, April 20, 2009
  2. Population
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  4. Warragamba Dam.

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Music

Singles

  1. A Mess of Blues/The Girl of My Best Friend Elvis Presley