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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1959 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". and last year of the decade.

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Events

January

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  • January 1
    • Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin.
    • Cuba: Fulgencio Batista flees Havana when the forces of Fidel Castro advance.
  • January 2
    • CBS Radio discontinues four soap operas: Backstage Wife, Our Gal Sunday, The Road of Life, and This is Nora Drake.
    • Castro's troops approach Havana.
    • The Soviet Union successfully launches the Luna 1 spacecraft from Baikonur Cosmodrome.
  • January 3
    • The island of Addu in the Maldives declares independence.
    • Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
  • January 4
    • In Cuba, rebel troops led by Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos enter the city of Havana.
    • In Léopoldville, at least 49 people are killed during clashes between the police and participants of a meeting of the Abako Party.
  • January 6
  • January 7 – The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
  • January 8Charles de Gaulle is inaugurated as the first president of the French Fifth Republic.
  • January 10 – The Soviet government recognizes the new Castro government.
  • January 11 – The Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques is founded in Monaco.
  • January 12
    • The Caves of Nerja are discovered in Spain.
    • Motown Records is founded by Berry Gordy, Jr.
  • January 13Cuban communists execute 71 supporters of Fulgencio Batista.
  • January 15 – The Soviet Union conducts its first census after World War II.
  • January 21 – The European Court of Human Rights is established.
  • January 22Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine in Port Griffith, Pennsylvania near Pittston, Pennsylvania; 12 miners are killed.
  • January 25Pope John XXIII announces that the Second Vatican Council will be convened in Rome.
  • January 29Walt Disney releases his 16th animated film, Sleeping Beauty in Beverly Hills. It is Disney's first animated film to be shown in 70mm and modern 6-track stereophonic sound.[1] Also on the program is Disney's new live-action short subject Grand Canyon, which uses the music of Ferde Grofé's Grand Canyon Suite. Grand Canyon wins an Oscar for Best Documentary Short.
  • January 30 – Danish passenger/cargo ship Template:MS, returning to Copenhagen after its maiden voyage to Greenland, strikes an iceberg and sinks off the Greenland coast with the loss of all 95 on board.[2]
File:Flag of Alaska.svg

January 3 Alaska

February

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February 3: Crash kills musicians and pilot.

  • February 1 – A referendum in Switzerland turns down female suffrage.
  • February 2 – Nine ski hikers mysteriously perish in the northern Ural Mountains in the Dyatlov Pass incident and are all found dead a few weeks later.
  • February 3
    • A chartered plane transporting musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and The Big Bopper with pilot Roger Peterson goes down in foggy conditions near Clear Lake, Iowa, killing all four on board. The tragedy is later termed "The Day the Music Died", popularized in Don McLean's 1971 song "American Pie".
    • American Airlines Flight 320, a Lockheed L-188 Electra from Chicago crashes into the East River on approach to New York City's LaGuardia Airport, killing 65 of the 73 people on board.
  • February 6 – At Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is accomplished.
  • February 9Yugoslavia and Spain set trade relations (not diplomatic ones).
  • February 13TAT-2, AT&T's second transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation.
  • February 16
  • February 17Vanguard 2, the first weather satellite, is launched to measure cloud cover for the United States Navy.
  • February 18
    • Jesús Sosa Blanco, a colonel in the Cuban army of Fulgencio Batista, is executed in Cuba after being convicted of committing 108 murders for Batista.
    • Women in Nepal vote for the first time.
  • February 19 – The United Kingdom decides to grant Cyprus its independence.
  • February 20 – The Canadian Government cancels the Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow interceptor aircraft project.
  • February 22Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway.

March

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  • March 1
    • The Template:Ship, Template:Ship, Template:Ship and Template:Ship are struck from the Naval Vessel Register.
    • Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus from exile.
  • March 2 – Recording sessions for the album Kind of Blue by Miles Davis take place at Columbia's 30th Street Studio in New York City.
  • March 8 – The Marx Brothers make their last television appearance, in The Incredible Jewel Robbery.
  • March 9 – The Barbie doll debuts.
  • March 10 – A Tibetan uprising against 10 years of Chinese rule erupts in Lhasa.
  • March 11
    • Een beetje by Teddy Scholten (music by Dick Schallies, text by Willy van Hemert) wins the Eurovision Song Contest for the Netherlands.
    • A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry opens on Broadway.
  • March 17Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama, flees Tibet.
  • March 18 – American President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill allowing for Hawaiian statehood.
  • March 19 – Two other islands join Addu in the United Suvadive Republic (abolished September 1963), in the Maldives Islands.
  • March 31
    • Busch Gardens in Tampa, Florida opens.
    • The Dalai Lama is granted asylum in India.

April

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  • April 6 – The 31st Academy Awards ceremony is held.
  • April 8 – The Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) is established.
  • April 9NASA announces its selection of seven military pilots to become the first U.S. astronauts (later known as the Mercury Seven).
  • April 10 – Crown Prince Akihito of Japan marries Shōda Michiko, the first commoner to marry into the Imperial House of Japan.
  • April 22 – Recording sessions for the influential jazz album Kind of Blue by Miles Davis take place at Columbia's 30th Street Studio in New York City.
  • April 25 – The Saint Lawrence Seaway linking the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean officially opens to shipping.
  • April 27National People's Congress elects Liu Shaoqi as Chairman of the People's Republic of China, as a successor of Mao Zedong.

May

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  • May
    • The first Ten Tors event is held in Dartmoor.
    • Import tariffs are lifted in the United Kingdom.
  • May 21959 FA Cup Final: Nottingham Forest defeats Luton Town 2–1.
  • May 18 – The National Liberation Committee of Côte d'Ivoire is launched in Conakry, Guinea.
  • May 21Gypsy: A Musical Fable, starring Ethel Merman in her last new musical, opens on Broadway and runs for 702 performances
  • May 24 – British Empire Day is renamed Commonwealth Day.
  • May 28 – Two monkeys, Able and Miss Baker are the first living beings to successfully return to Earth from space aboard the flight Jupiter AM-18.

June

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  • June 3
    • Singapore becomes a self-governing crown colony of Britain with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister.
    • Real Madrid beats Stade Reims 2–0 at Neckarstadion, Stuttgart and wins the 1958–59 European Cup (football).
  • June 5 – A new government of the State of Singapore is sworn in by Sir William Goode. Two former ministers are re-elected to the Legislative Assembly.
  • June 8 – The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
  • June 9 – The USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
  • June 14
    • Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
    • A 3-front revolutionary invasion by air and sea takes place in the Dominican Republic, consisting of exiles aided by Fidel Castro and the Venezuelan government, whose objective is to overthrow dictator Rafael Trujillo. Within a few days most are captured and executed. Only four are released by the government. Trujillo is killed less than two years later by men partly inspired by the deaths of the 1959 revolutionaries.
  • June 18 – The film The Nun's Story, based on the best-selling novel, is released. Audrey Hepburn stars as the title character; she later says that this is her favorite film role. The film is a box-office hit, and is nominated for several Oscars.
  • June 23
    • Seán Lemass becomes the third Taoiseach of Ireland.
    • Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in a British prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.
  • June 25 – A KH-1 Corona, believed to be the first operational spy satellite, is launched as science mission "Discoverer 4" from Vandenberg Air Force Base aboard a Thor-Agena rocket.
  • June 26
    • Elizabeth II (Queen of Canada) and United States President Dwight Eisenhower open the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
    • Darby O'Gill and the Little People, a film based on H. T. Kavanagh's short stories, is released in the U.S. by the Walt Disney Company two days after a world premiere in Ireland.
  • June 30 – Twenty-one students are killed and more than a hundred injured when an American North American F-100 Super Sabre jet crashes into Miamori Elementary School on the island of Okinawa. The pilot ejected before the plane struck the school.[3]

July

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  • July 1 – Australia's longest running children's TV series, Mr. Squiggle, first airs on ABC Television.
  • July 2Prince Albert of Belgium marries Italian Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria.
  • July 4 – With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia.
  • July 7 – At 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. The rare event (which will next occur on October 1, 2044) is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of Venus' atmosphere.
  • July 14 – Groups of Kurdish and communist militias rebel in Kirkuk, Iraq against the central government.[4]
  • July 15 – A strike occurs against the United States' steel industry.
  • July 17 – The first skull of Australopithecus is discovered by Louis Leakey and his wife Mary Leakey in the Olduvai Gorge of Tanzania.
  • July 22 – A Kumamoto University medical research group studying Minamata disease concludes that it is caused by mercury.
  • July 24 – At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, United States Vice President Richard Nixon and USSR Premier Nikita Khrushchev engage in the "Kitchen Debate".
  • July 25 – The SR.N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours, on the 50th anniversary of Louis Blériot's first crossing by heavier-than-air craft.

August

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  • August 4Martial law is declared in Laos.
  • August 7
    • Explorer program: The United States launches Explorer 6 from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
    • United States: The Roseburg, Oregon blast kills 14 and causes $12 million worth of damage.
  • August 8 – A flood in Taiwan kills 2,000.
  • August 14Explorer 6 sends the first picture of Earth from orbit.
  • August 15Cyprus gains independence.
  • August 17
  • August 19 – The Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) is established.
  • August 21 – Hawaii is admitted as the 50th U.S. state.
  • August 24Cyprus joins the United Nations.
  • August 26 – The original Mini designed by Sir Alec Issigonis is launched.
  • August 31Beijing Workers’ Stadium, as known well for sports venues in China, officially opened.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".

September

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  • September 14Luna 2 becomes the first man-made object to crash on the Moon.
  • September 15September 28USSR Premier Nikita Khrushchev and his wife tour the United States, at the invitation of U.S. President Dwight David Eisenhower.
  • September 16 – The Xerox 914, the first plain paper copier, is introduced to the public.
  • September 17
    • The first Navy Navigation Satellite System Transit 1A is launched but fails to reach orbit.
    • The Hypersonic North American X-15 Research Vehicle, piloted by Scott Crossfield, makes its first powered flight at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
  • September 23 – The M/S Princess of Tasmania, (Australia's first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry), makes its maiden voyage across the Bass Strait.
  • September 25Ceylon's prime minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike is assassinated.
  • September 26
    • Typhoon Vera hits central Honshū, Japan, killing an estimated 5,098, injuring another 38,921, and leaving 1,533,000 homeless. Most of the victims and damage are centered in the Nagoya area.
    • The first official large unit action of the Vietnam War takes place, when two companies of the ARVN 23d Division are ambushed by a well-organized Vietcong force of several hundred, identified as the "2d Liberation Battalion".
  • September 30Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev meets Mao Zedong in Beijing.
File:Luna 2 Soviet moon probe.jpg

September 13: Luna 2.

October

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  • October 1 – The 10th anniversary of the People's Republic of China is celebrated with pomp across the country.
  • October 2Rod Serling's classic anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS.
  • October 7 – The U.S.S.R. probe Luna 3 sends back the first ever photos of the far side of the Moon.
  • October 12 – At the national APRA Congress in Peru, a group of leftist radicals is expelled from the party; they later form APRA Rebelde.
  • October 13 – The United States launches Explorer 7.
  • October 16Boston Patriots, a professional American football club founded. (A predecessor of New England Patriots)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • October 21 – In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (designed by Frank Lloyd Wright) opens to the public.
  • October 29 – First appearance of Astérix the Gaul.[5]
  • October 31 – Riots break out in the Belgian Congo.

November

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  • November 1 – In Rwanda, Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa is beaten up by Tutsi forces, leading to a period of violence known as the wind of destruction.
  • November 2 – At a ceremony near Toddington, British Minister of Transport Ernest Marples opens the first section of the M1 Motorway, between Watford and Crick, along with two spur motorways, the M45 and M10. Three decades of large scale motorway construction follow, leading to the rapid expansion of the UK motorway network.
  • November 12 – The Warner Bros. religious epic The Miracle, very loosely based on the 1911 stage pantomime Das Mirakel, is released. It is a critical and financial bomb.
  • November 15 – The Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas is brutally murdered, inspiring Truman Capote's In Cold Blood.
  • November 18MGM's widescreen, multimillion-dollar, Technicolor version of Ben-Hur, starring Charlton Heston, is released and becomes the studio's greatest hit up to that time. It is critically acclaimed and eventually wins 11 Academy Awards – a record held until 1998, when 1997's Titanic becomes the first film to equal the record. To the present day, the 1959 Ben-Hur remains the last MGM film to win a Best Picture Oscar, though Doctor Zhivago, another MGM film, was nominated in 1965.
  • November 20 – The Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the United Nations.

December

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  • December 1Cold WarAntarctic Treaty: 12 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union, sign a landmark treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on that continent (the first arms control agreement established during the Cold War).
  • December 2Malpasset Dam in southern France collapses and water flows over the town of Fréjus, killing 412.
  • December 8 – The Mona, a lifeboat based at Broughty Ferry in Scotland, capsizes during a rescue attempt, with the loss of 8 lives.
  • December 14Makarios III is selected the first president of Cyprus.

Date unknown

  • Pantyhose is introduced by Glen Raven Mills.
  • The Workers World Party is founded by Sam Marcy.
  • The first known human with HIV dies in the Congo.[6]
  • The current (as of 2006) design of the Japanese 10 yen coin is put into circulation.
  • The Caspian tiger becomes extinct in Iran.
  • The Henney Kilowatt goes on sale in the United States, becoming the first mass-produced electric car in almost three decades.
  • Erving Goffman publishes his seminal study in sociology, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
  • The Daytona International Speedway is built.
  • The iconic 1959 Cadillac is introduced, with tailfin wars peaking that had begun in 1948.
  • Chevy El Camino is introduced.

Births

January

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Azali Assoumani

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Keith Olbermann

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Larry McReynolds

February

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Joachim Kunz

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Kyle MacLachlan

  • February 2
    • Jari Tervo, Finnish author
    • Hella von Sinnen, German TV-entertainer
  • February 3UliUli Fifita, Tongan professional Wrestler aka(Haku/Meng)
  • February 4
    • Pamelyn Ferdin, American former child actress; animal rights activist
    • Raquel Morell, Mexican actress
    • Lawrence Taylor, American football player
  • February 5Jennifer Granholm, Canadian-American politician, 47th Governor of Michigan (2003–2011)
  • February 6
    • Pat Bullard, Canadian game show host, comedian and writer
    • Ken Nelson, English record producer
  • February 7Vladimír Havlík, Czech action artist
  • February 9Joachim Kunz, East German Olympic weightlifter
  • February 10Dennis Gentry, American football player
  • February 14Renée Fleming, American soprano
  • February 16John McEnroe, American tennis player
  • February 18Jayne Atkinson, English-born American film, theatre and television actress
  • February 22Kyle MacLachlan, American actor
  • February 25Renee M. Borges, Indian ecologist
  • February 26Rolando Blackman, Panamanian basketball player

March

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Jens Stoltenberg

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Matthew Modine

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Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala II

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Laura Chinchilla

  • March 1Nick Griffin, British politician
  • March 4
    • Rick Ardon, Australian news presenter
    • Irina Strakhova, Russian race walker
  • March 5Mike Byster, American mathematician, mental calculator and math educator
  • March 6
    • Tom Arnold, American actor and comedian
    • Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala II, Spanish Filipino businessman
    • Lars Larson, American conservative talk show host
  • March 8
    • Lester Holt, American television journalist and news anchor
    • Aidan Quinn, Irish-American actor
  • March 9
    • Giovanni di Lorenzo, German-Italian journalist and talk show host
    • Takaaki Kajita, Japanese nuclear physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
  • March 10Mike Wallace, American race car driver
  • March 11
    • Dejan Stojanović, Serbian-American poet, writer, essayist and businessman
    • Nina Hartley, American pornographic actress and director
  • March 15
    • Harold Baines, American baseball player
    • Fabio Lanzoni, Italian fashion model and actor
  • March 16
    • Flavor Flav, American rapper
    • Jens Stoltenberg, 27th Prime Minister of Norway
  • March 17
    • Danny Ainge, American basketball player, coach and baseball player
    • Ken Lo, Hong Kong actor and member of the Jackie Chan Stunt Team
  • March 18
    • Luc Besson, French film producer, writer and director
    • Irene Cara, African-American singer
  • March 20
    • Steve Borden, American wrestler
    • Richard Drummie, English guitarist and composer (Go West)
    • Steve McFadden, British actor
  • March 21Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
  • March 22Matthew Modine, American actor
  • March 23
    • Kazue Ikura, Japanese voice actress
    • Catherine Keener, American actress
  • March 27Jun'ichi Sugawara, Japanese voice actor
  • March 28Laura Chinchilla, President of Costa Rica
  • March 29Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer
  • March 30Andrew Bailey, Executive Director Banking and Chief Cashier at the Bank of England
  • March 31Markus Hediger, Swiss writer and translator

April

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David Hyde Pierce

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Emma Thompson

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Robert Smith of The Cure

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Sean Bean

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Stephen Harper

  • April 2Badou Zaki, Moroccan football player and manager
  • April 3David Hyde Pierce, American actor
  • April 10Brian Setzer, American rock guitarist and singer
  • April 11Ana María Polo, Cuban-born judge and television personality
  • April 14Steve Byrnes, American motorsports broadcaster (d. 2015)
  • April 15
    • Fruit Chan, Hong Kong film director
    • Ray Neufeld, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Emma Thompson, English actress
    • Thomas F. Wilson, American actor
  • April 16
    • David Feiss, American animator
    • Alison Ramsay, Scottish field hockey player
  • April 17Sean Bean, British actor
  • April 19Patricia Charbonneau, American actress
  • April 20Clint Howard, American actor and producer
  • April 21Robert Smith, lead vocalist and guitarist of the British rock group The Cure
  • April 22
    • Terry Francona, American baseball player and manager
    • Ryan Stiles, American comedian
  • April 24Paula Yates, British television presenter (d. 2000)
  • April 25Tony Phillips, American baseball player (d. 2016)
  • April 27Sheena Easton, Scottish singer
  • April 30Stephen Harper, 22nd Prime Minister of Canada

May

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Brian Williams

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Rupert Everett

  • May 2Alan Best, Canadian animation director and producer
  • May 3
    • Uma Bharti, Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
    • Ben Elton, British comedian and writer
  • May 5
    • Peter Molyneux, British game programmer
    • Steve Stevens, American guitarist
    • Brian Williams, American news anchor
  • May 9János Áder, President of Hungary
  • May 10Victoria Rowell, American actress
  • May 12Ving Rhames, American actor
  • May 14Patrick Bruel, French singer
  • May 15Andrew Eldritch, British singer/songwriter
  • May 17
    • Marcelo Loffreda, Argentine rugby player and coach
    • Jim Nantz, American sports announcer
  • May 19Nicole Brown Simpson, American ex-wife of O. J. Simpson and murder victim (d. 1994)
  • May 20Israel Kamakawiwoʻole, American singer (d. 1997)
  • May 21
    • Brian Lenihan, Irish politician (d. 2011)
    • Loretta Lynch, United States Attorney General
  • May 22
    • David Blatt, Israeli-American professional basketball player and coach
    • Morrissey, British singer
  • May 23Bob Mortimer, English comedian
  • May 24Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish-born hockey player (d. 1985)
  • May 27Katherine Lanpher, American journalist
  • May 28Steve Strange, Welsh singer (Visage) (d. 2015)
  • May 29Rupert Everett, British actor

June

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Hugh Laurie

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Christian Wulff

  • June 6Paul Germain, American television screenwriter and producer
  • June 7Mike Pence, 50th Governor of Indiana, incoming 48th Vice President of the United States
  • June 8Bernard White, Sri Lankan-born American actor, screenwriter and film director
  • June 9Miles O'Brien, American television news anchor, pilot
  • June 10
    • Carlo Ancelotti, Italian football player and manager
    • Eliot Spitzer, American politician and former governor of New York
  • June 11
    • Hugh Laurie, British actor, comedian, and musician
    • Magnum T.A., American professional wrestler
  • June 12John Linnell, American singer-songwriter, half of alternative rock duo They Might Be Giants
  • June 13Klaus Iohannis, President of Romania
  • June 14Marcus Miller, American bassist
  • June 15Eileen Davidson, American actress and author
  • June 16The Ultimate Warrior, American professional wrestler (d. 2014)
  • June 17
    • Ulrike Richter, German swimmer
    • Kazuki Yao, Japanese voice actor
  • June 19Christian Wulff, Federal President of Germany
  • June 22
    • Wayne Federman, American comedian, actor, and author
    • Ed Viesturs, American mountaineer
  • June 24Andy McCluskey, English musician and songwriter (OMD)
  • June 26Mark McKinney, Canadian actor and comedian
  • June 28John Shelley, British illustrator
  • June 30Vincent D'Onofrio, American actor

July

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Susana Martinez

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Kevin Spacey

  • July 3Julie Burchill, British journalist
  • July 5Marc Cohn, American singer-songwriter
  • July 6Richard Dacoury, French basketball player
  • July 7
    • Barbara Krause, German swimmer
    • Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
  • July 9
    • Jim Kerr, Scottish rock singer (Simple Minds)
    • Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler
  • July 11
    • Richie Sambora, American musician
    • Suzanne Vega, American singer
  • July 14Susana Martinez, American politician, Governor of New Mexico
  • July 16Gary Anderson, American football player
  • July 17Margaret Becker, American Christian singer
  • July 18Mel Purcell, American tennis player
  • July 19Juan J. Campanella, Argentinian filmmaker
  • July 25Anatoly Onoprienko, Ukrainian serial killer (d. 2013)
  • July 26
    • Rick Bragg, American journalist
    • Kevin Spacey, American actor
  • July 27Hugh Green, American football player
  • July 29
    • Sanjay Dutt, Indian actor
    • Ruud Janssen, Dutch artist

August

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Rosanna Arquette

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Magic Johnson

  • August 3Koichi Tanaka, Japanese scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • August 4Robbin Crosby, American rock guitarist (Ratt) (d. 2002)
  • August 5Pete Burns, British singer (Dead or Alive) (d. 2016)
  • August 6Rajendra Singh Indian water conservationist, Magsaysay Award (2001)
  • August 10Rosanna Arquette, American actress
  • August 11
    • Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian singer (d. 2014)
    • Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese investor
  • August 13Danny Bonaduce, American actor and disc jockey
  • August 14
    • Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
    • Magic Johnson, American basketball player
  • August 15Scott Altman, American astronaut
  • August 17
    • Sakamoto Chika, Japanese voice actress and singer
    • Jonathan Franzen, American author
    • David Koresh, American spiritualist, leader of the Branch Davidian religious cult (d. 1993)
    • Brad Wellman, American baseball player
  • August 19Anthony Sowell, convicted serial killer and rapist
  • August 21Jim McMahon, American football player
  • August 25Sönke Wortmann, German film director
  • August 26Stan Van Gundy, American basketball coach
  • August 27
    • Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
    • Jürgen Becker, German cabaret artist and actor
  • August 29
  • August 30Mark 'Jacko' Jackson, Australian rules footballer and actor
  • August 31Tony DeFranco, Canadian singer

September

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Guy Laliberté

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Jason Alexander

  • September 1Kenny Mayne, American sportscaster
  • September 2Guy Laliberté, Canadian Cirque du Soleil founder
  • September 4
    • Kevin Harrington, Australian actor
    • Armin Kogler, Austrian ski jumper
  • September 8
    • Daler Nazarov, Tajik composer, singer, and actor
    • Saeko Shimazu, Japanese voice actress
  • September 10Michael Earl, American puppeteer (d. 2015)
  • September 12Sigmar Gabriel, German politician
  • September 13Kathy Johnson, American artistic gymnast
  • September 14
    • Mary Crosby, American actress
    • Morten Harket, Norwegian rock singer (A-ha)
    • Haviland Morris, American actress
  • September 15Mike Reiss, American television comedy writer
  • September 17Charles Lawson, Irish actor
  • September 18
    • Sérgio Britto, Brazilian singer and keyboardist
    • Kirk Fogg, American actor, game show host and singer
    • Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player
  • September 21Dave Coulier, American actor and comedian
  • September 23Jason Alexander, American actor and comedian
  • September 24Steve Whitmire, American puppeteer
  • September 28Dantes Tsitsi, Nauruan politician
  • September 29Benjamin Sehene, Rwandan writer
  • September 30Ettore Messina, Italian basketball coach

October

File:Simon Cowell in December 2011.jpg

Simon Cowell

File:SarahFerguson09TIFF.jpg

Sarah, Duchess of York

File:WeirdAlYankovic.jpg

"Weird Al" Yankovic

File:Evo Morales at COP15.jpg

Evo Morales

File:John Magufuli 2015.png

John Magufuli

  • October 1
    • Brian P. Cleary, American humorist, author, poet
    • Youssou N'Dour, Senegalese singer
  • October 3
    • Fred Couples, American golfer
    • Greg Proops, American comedian
    • Jack Wagner, American actor
  • October 4Chris Lowe, British musician
  • October 5David Shannon, American writer and illustrator
  • October 7
    • Simon Cowell, English music producer and television talent show judge
    • Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician
  • October 8
    • Nick Bakay, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
    • Brad Byers, American entertainer
    • Gavin Friday, Irish singer-songwriter, actor, and producer (Virgin Prunes)
    • Erik Gundersen, Danish motorcycle racer
    • Mike Morgan, American baseball player and coach
    • Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American colonel and astronaut
  • October 9
    • Michael Paré, American actor
    • Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician (d. 2015)
  • October 10
    • Kirsty MacColl, British singer and songwriter (d. 2000)
    • Julia Sweeney, American actress and comedian
  • October 13Marie Osmond, American singer
  • October 15
    • Emeril Lagasse, American chef and restaurant owner
    • Sarah, Duchess of York, British Princess and former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York
  • October 17Richard Roeper, American film critic
  • October 21Ken Watanabe, Japanese actor
  • October 22Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
  • October 23
    • Nancy Grace, American television host
    • "Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer and parodist
    • Sam Raimi, American producer, writer and director
  • October 25Chrissy Amphlett, Australian rock singer (d. 2013)
  • October 26Evo Morales, President of Bolivia
  • October 27Rick Carlisle, American basketball coach
  • October 29John Magufuli, 5th President of Tanzania
  • October 31Neal Stephenson, American writer

November

File:Bryan Adams Hamburg MG 0631 flickr (cropped).jpg

Bryan Adams

File:AllisonJanneyTIFFSept2011.jpg

Allison Janney

File:Sean Young LF.JPG

Sean Young

  • November 2Saïd Aouita, Moroccan athlete
  • November 5Bryan Adams, Canadian singer and photographer
  • November 6Nobuo Tobita, Japanese voice actor
  • November 7Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
  • November 8Selçuk Yula, Turkish football player and top scorer
  • November 9Tony Slattery, British comedian and actor
  • November 10
    • Linda Cohn, American sports reporter
    • Mackenzie Phillips, American actress
    • Mike McCarthy, American football coach
  • November 11Christian Schwarzenegger, Swiss legal scientist and professor
  • November 14Paul McGann, British actor
  • November 17William R. Moses, American actor
  • November 18Jimmy Quinn, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
  • November 19
    • Jo Bonner, American U.S. Representative for Alabama's 1st congressional district
    • Allison Janney, American actress
  • November 20Sean Young, American actress
  • November 23Dominique Dunne, American actress (d. 1982)
  • November 24Akio Ōtsuka, Japanese voice actor and actor
  • November 25Charles Kennedy, British politician (d. 2015)
  • November 27Viktoria Mullova, Russian violinist
  • November 28Judd Nelson, American actor
  • November 29
    • Rahm Emanuel, American politician
    • Platon Lebedev, Russian executive
  • November 30Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist

December

File:Satoru Iwata - Game Developers Conference 2011 - Day 2 (1).jpg

Satoru Iwata

File:Florence Griffith Joyner2.jpg

Florence Griffith Joyner

File:Val Kilmer Cannes.jpg

Val Kilmer

Date unknown

  • Jacki Randall, American artist
  • Karl Shuker, British zoologist, crypto-zoologist, and author

Deaths

January

File:Demille - c1920.JPG

Cecil B. DeMille

  • January 2William D. Francis, Australian botanist (b. 1889)
  • January 3Edwin Muir, Scottish poet, novelist and translator (b. 1887)
  • January 8Zhang Xi, Chinese politician (b. 1912)
  • January 21
    • Cecil B. DeMille, American film director (b. 1881)
    • Carl Switzer, American actor (b. 1927)
  • January 22Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver (b. 1929)
  • January 26MacGillivray Milne, United States Navy Captain and the 27th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1882)
  • January 28Walter Beall, American baseball player (b. 1899)

February

  • February 1Frank Shannon, American actor (b. 1874)
  • February 3Killed in the crash of a private plane:
    • The Big Bopper (J.P. Richardson), American rock singer (b. 1930)
    • Buddy Holly, American rock singer (b. 1936)
    • Roger Peterson, pilot (b. 1937)
    • Ritchie Valens, American rock singer (b. 1941)
  • February 3Vincent Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1891)
  • February 4Una O'Connor, Irish actress (b. 1880)
  • February 7Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1874)
  • February 11Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
  • February 12George Antheil, American composer (b. 1900)
  • February 14Baby Dodds, American jazz musician (b. 1898)
  • February 15Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • February 18Gago Coutinho, Portuguese aviation pioneer (b. 1869)
  • February 20Laurence Housman, English playwright and writer (b. 1865)
  • February 22Helen Parrish, American actress (b. 1924)
  • February 23Luis Palés Matos, Puerto Rican poet (b. 1898)
  • February 26
    • Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife, eldest grandchild of King Edward VII (b. 1891)
    • Selig Suskin, Russian-born Israeli agronomist and early Zionist (b. 1873)
  • February 28Maxwell Anderson, American screenwriter (b. 1888)

March

  • March 1Mack Gordon, American composer and lyricist (b. 1904)
  • March 2Eric Blore, English actor (b. 1887)
  • March 3Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
  • March 4Maxie Long, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • March 6Fred Stone, American actor (b. 1873)
  • March 15Lester Young, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1909)
  • March 17Galaktion Tabidze, Georgian poet (b. 1891)
  • March 21Edwin Balmer, American science fiction and mystery writer (b. 1883)
  • March 25Billy Mayerl, English pianist and composer (b. 1902)
  • March 26Raymond Chandler, American-born novelist (b. 1888)
  • March 27Grant Withers, American actor (b. 1905)
  • March 29Barthélemy Boganda, first Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (b. 1910)
  • March 30Reginald R. Belknap, United States Navy rear admiral (b. 1871)

April

File:Frank Lloyd Wright LC-USZ62-36384.jpg

Frank Lloyd Wright

  • April 6Leo Aryeh Mayer, Israeli professor and scholar of Islamic art (b. 1895)
  • April 8Mario de Bernardi, Italian aviator (b. 1893)
  • April 9Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (b. 1867)
  • April 12James Gleason, American actor (b. 1882)
  • April 18Irving Cummings, American actor (b. 1888)
  • April 29Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, British general (b. 1891)

May

  • May 3Troy Sanders, American film score composer (b. 1901)
  • May 4William S. Pye, American admiral (b. 1880)
  • May 5Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878)
  • May 14Sidney Bechet, American musician (b. 1897)
  • May 16Elisha Scott, Irish footballer (b. 1894)
  • May 17George Albert Smith, English film pioneer (b. 1864)
  • May 18
    • Apsley Cherry-Garrard, Antarctic explorer (b. 1886)
    • Enrique Guaita, Argentinian footballer (b. 1910)
  • May 20Alfred Schütz, Austrian sociologist (b. 1899)
  • May 24John Foster Dulles, United States Secretary of State (b. 1888)
  • May 29Ed Walsh, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1881)
  • May 30Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz, Argentinian journalist (b. 1898)
  • May 31Ede Zathureczky, Hungarian violinist (b. 1903)

June

File:Windaus.jpg

Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus

File:Hitoshi Ashida.jpg

Hitoshi Ashida

  • June 4Charles Vidor, American director (b. 1900)
  • June 8Pietro Canonica, sculptor (b. 1869)
  • June 9
    • Sonnie Hale, British actor and director (b. 1902)
    • Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • June 16George Reeves, American TV actor (b. 1914)
  • June 18Ethel Barrymore, American stage & screen actress (b. 1879)
  • June 20Hitoshi Ashida, Prime Minister of Japan 1948 (b. 1887)
  • June 23Boris Vian, French writer, poet, singer, and musician (b. 1920)
  • June 25Charles Starkweather, American spree killer (b. 1938)

July

File:Billie Holiday 1949.jpg

Billie Holiday

  • July 6George Grosz, German artist (b. 1893)
  • July 7Ernest Newman, English music critic (b. 1868)
  • July 9Ferenc Talányi, Slovene writer, partisan and painter (b. 1883)
  • July 11Charlie Parker, English cricketer (b. 1882)
  • July 15Ernest Bloch, Swiss composer (b. 1880)
  • July 17Billie Holiday, American singer (b. 1915)
  • July 20William D. Leahy, American admiral (b. 1875)
  • July 25
    • Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, Polish-born Chief Rabbi of Ireland, and later of Israel (b. 1888)
    • King Mutara III of Rwanda (b. circa 1912)

August

  • August 3Herb Byrne, Australian rules footballer (b. 1887)
  • August 5Edgar Guest, English poet (b. 1881)
  • August 6Preston Sturges, American film director and writer (b. 1898)
  • August 15Blind Willie McTell, African-American Piedmont blues singer and guitarist (b. 1901)
  • August 16
    • Benny Fields, American singer (b. 1894)
    • William Halsey, Jr., American admiral (b. 1882)
    • Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (b. 1879)
  • August 19
    • Claude Grahame-White, British aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
    • Jacob Epstein, American-born sculptor (b. 1880)
  • August 28
    • Raphael Lemkin, international lawyer (b. 1900)
    • Bohuslav Martinů, Czech composer (b. 1890)

September

October

File:Errol Flynn1.jpg

Errol Flynn

File:General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG

George C. Marshall

November

File:Jose P. Laurel.jpg

Jose P. Laurel

File:Alfonso López Pumarejo.jpg

Alfonso López Pumarejo

December

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Fantasia had also used a multi-speaker stereophonic sound system, but it was primitive compared to the one used in Sleeping Beauty.
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Music

Albums

  1. Kind of Blue Miles Davis

Singles

  1. Take Five Dave Brubeck Quartet
  2. I Only Have Eyes for You The Flamingos
  3. What'd I Say (Part 1) / What'd I Say (Part 2) Ray Charles
  4. Sleep Walk Santo & Johnny
  5. It Doesn't Matter Anymore Buddy Holly