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Events

January

  • January 1
    • The Saarland joins West Germany.
    • An Irish Republican Army attack on the Brookeborough police barracks in Northern Ireland leads to the deaths of Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon.
    • Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini suffers the stroke that leads to his death a little over two weeks later in the United States.
  • January 2 – The San Francisco and Los Angeles stock exchanges merge to form the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange.
  • January 3Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  • January 4 – After 69 years the last issue of Collier's Weekly magazine is published in the United States.
  • January 5Russell Endean becomes the first batsman to be dismissed for having handled the ball in Test cricket.
  • January 6Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the 3rd and final time. He is shown only from the waist up, even during the gospel segment, singing "Peace In The Valley". Ed Sullivan describes Elvis thus: "This is a real decent, fine boy. We've never had a pleasanter experience on our show with a big name than we've had with you. You're thoroughly all right."
  • January 9 – British Prime Minister Anthony Eden resigns.
  • January 10Harold Macmillan becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • January 11 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • January 13Wham-O Company produces the first Frisbee.
  • January 14
    • Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher) after giving seven days of speeches before 500 Hindu scholars.
    • American screen actor Humphrey Bogart dies aged 57 in California after a long battle with cancer.
  • January 15 – Release, in Japan, of the film Throne of Blood, Akira Kurosawa's reworking of Macbeth.
  • January 16The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool as a jazz club.
  • January 20
    • Dwight D. Eisenhower is privately sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
    • Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula (captured from Egypt on October 29, 1956).
    • The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut, and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  • January 23Ku Klux Klan members force truck driver Willie Edwards to jump off a bridge into the Alabama River; he drowns as a result.
  • January 21 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower is publicly sworn in.
  • January 26 – The Ibirapuera Planetarium (the first in the Southern Hemisphere) is inaugurated in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
  • January 31 – Three students on a junior high school playground in Pacoima, California, are among the 8 persons killed following a mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet, in the skies above the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, U.S.

February

  • February 2 – President Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage across the Indus River near Sukkur.
  • February 4
    • France prohibits U.N. involvement in Algeria.
    • The first nuclear-powered submarine, the Template:Ship, logs its 60,000th nautical mile, matching the endurance of the fictional Nautilus described in Jules Verne's 1870 novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. It is decommissioned on March 3, 1980.
    • A coal gas explosion at the giant Bishop coal mine in Bishop, Virginia, kills 37 men.
  • February 6 – The Soviet Union announces that Swedish envoy Raoul Wallenberg had died in a Soviet prison "possibly of a heart attack" on July 17, 1947.
  • February 10 – The Confederation of African Football is founded at a meeting in Khartoum.
  • February 15Andrei Gromyko becomes foreign minister of the Soviet Union.
  • February 16
    • The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television closedown between 6.00 p.m. and 7.00 p.m., is abolished in the United Kingdom.
    • Ingmar Bergman's film The Seventh Seal opens at cinema in Sweden.
  • February 17 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri, kills 72 people.
  • February 18
    • Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is executed by the British colonial government.
    • The last person to be executed in New Zealand, Walter James Bolton, is hanged at Mount Eden Prison for poisoning his wife.
  • February 23 – The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc opens in Dakar.
  • February 25 – The Boy In The Box is discovered along a sidewalk in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The murder victim is described as Caucasian in appearance and 4 to 6 years old; the case is never solved.
  • February 28 – Gaston, a French comic strip, is introduced.

March

File:Flag of Ghana.svg

Flag of Ghana, the first country in colonial Africa to gain independence

  • March 1
    • U Nu becomes Prime Minister of Burma.
    • Arturo Lezama becomes President of the National Council of Government of Uruguay.
    • Sud Aviation forms from a merger between SNCASE (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Est) and SNCASO (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Ouest).
    • Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat is published in the United States.
  • March 3Net als toen sung by Corry Brokken (music by Guus Jansen, lyrics by Willy van Hemert) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1957 (held at Frankfurt) for the Netherlands.
  • March 4Standard & Poor's first publishes the S&P 500 Index in the United States.
  • March 6
    • United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent nation of Ghana.
    • Zodi Ikhia founds the Nigerien Democratic Front (FDN) in Niger.
  • March 7 – The United States Congress approves the Eisenhower Doctrine on assistance to threatened foreign regimes.
  • March 8Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal.
  • March 10 – Floodgates of The Dalles Dam are closed, inundating Celilo Falls and ancient Indian fisheries along the Columbia River in Oregon.
  • March 13
    • The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation arrests labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa and charges him with bribery.
    • The Anglo-Jordanian Treaty of 1948 expires.
  • March 14 – President Sukarno declares martial law in Indonesia.
  • March 171957 Cebu Douglas C-47 crash: Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others are killed in a plane crash.
  • March 20 – The French news magazine L'Express reveals that the French army tortures Algerian prisoners.
  • March 25
    • The Treaty of Rome (Patto di Roma) establishes the European Economic Community (EEC; predecessor of the European Union) between Italy, France, West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
    • Copies of Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems (first published November 1, 1956) printed in England are seized by United States Customs Service officials in San Francisco on the grounds of obscenity.[1] On October 3, in People v. Ferlinghetti, a subsequent prosecution of publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, the work is ruled not to be obscene.[2]
  • March 26 – 22-year-old Elvis Presley buys Graceland on 3734 Bellevue Boulevard (Highway 51 South) for $US100,000. He and his family move from the house on 1034 Audubon Drive.
  • March 27 – The 29th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Hollywood. Around the World in 80 Days wins Best Picture.
  • March 31Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, the team's only musical written especially for television, is telecast live and in color by CBS in the United States, starring Julie Andrews in the title role. The production is seen by millions, but this 1957 version is not to be telecast again for more than 40 years, when a kinescope of it is shown.

April

File:E. M. S. Namboodiripad.jpg

E. M. S. Namboodiripad, head of the first democratically elected communist government in the world

  • April – IBM sells the first compiler for the Fortran scientific programming language.
  • April 1 – The first new conscripts join the Bundeswehr.
  • April 5 – The Communist Party of India wins the elections in Kerala, making E. M. S. Namboodiripad its first chief minister.
  • April 9Egypt reopens the Suez Canal to all shipping.
  • April 12 – The United Kingdom announces that Singapore will gain self-rule on January 1, 1958.
  • April 15
    • The Distant Early Warning Line is handed over by contractors to the U.S. and Canadian military.
    • White Rock secedes from Surrey, British Columbia, following a referendum.
  • April 17 – Suspected English serial killer Dr. John Bodkin Adams is found not guilty of murder at the Old Bailey.
  • April 24 – First broadcast of BBC Television astronomy series The Sky at Night in the U.K., presented by Patrick Moore. This will run with the same presenter until his death in December 2012.
  • April 24251957 Fethiye earthquakes on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.

May

  • May 2Vincent Gigante fails to assassinate mafioso Frank Costello in Manhattan.
  • May 3Brooklyn Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles.
  • May 15.
    • Operation Grapple: At Malden Island in the Pacific, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb, which fails to detonate properly.
    • Stanley Matthews plays his final international game, ending an English record international career of almost 23 years.
  • May 16Paul-Henri Spaak becomes the new Secretary General of NATO.
  • May 22 – 42,000-pound hydrogen bomb accidentally falls from a bomber near Albuquerque[3]
  • May 24Anti-American riots erupt in Taipei, Taiwan.[4]
  • May 30Real Madrid beats Fiorentina 2-0 at Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid to win the 1956–57 European Cup (football).

June

  • June 1 – Three-year-old thoroughbred Gallant Man wins the Peter Pan Stakes at Belmont Park.
  • June 9Broad Peak, on the China-Pakistan border, is first ascended.
  • June 15Oklahoma celebrates its semi-centennial statehood. A brand new 1957 Plymouth Belvedere is buried in a time capsule (to be opened 50 years later on June 15, 2007).
  • June 15Gallant Man wins the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park in record time.
  • June 20Toru Takemitsu's Requiem for Strings is first performed, by the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra.[5]
  • June 21John Diefenbaker becomes the 13th Prime Minister of Canada.
  • June 25 – The United Church of Christ is formed in Cleveland, Ohio, by the merger of the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.
  • June 27Hurricane Audrey demolishes Cameron, Louisiana, U.S., killing 400 people.

July

  • July
    • The International Geophysical Year begins.
    • The University of Waterloo is founded in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
    • Hugh Everett III publishes the first scientifically founded many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.
    • Production of the Citroën Traction Avant automobile, begun in 1934, ceases.
  • July 6John Lennon and Paul McCartney first meet as teenagers at a garden fete at St. Peter's Church, Woolton, Liverpool, England, at which Lennon's skiffle group, The Quarrymen, is playing, 3 years before forming The Beatles.
  • July 9Elvis Presley's Loving You opens in theaters.
  • July 11 – His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan becomes the 49th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims at age 20. His grandfather Sir Sultan Mohammed Shah Aga Khan III appoints Prince Karim in his will.
  • July 14Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
  • July 16United States Marine Major John Glenn flies an F8U supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds, setting a new transcontinental speed record.
  • July 25Tunisia becomes a republic, with Habib Bourguiba its first president.
  • July 28
    • The 6th World Festival of Youth and Students, a high point of the Khrushchev Thaw, kicks off in Moscow.
    • Heavy rains and mudslides at Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992.
    • A strong earthquake shakes Mexico City and Mexican port city Acapulco.
  • July 29 – The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.

August

  • August 4Juan Manuel Fangio, driving for Maserati, wins the Formula One German Grand Prix, clinching (with 4 wins this season) his record 5th world drivers championship, including his 4th consecutive championship (also a record); these 2 records endure for nearly half a century.
  • August 5American Bandstand, a local dance show produced by WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, joins the ABC Television Network.
  • August 21 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces a 2-year suspension of nuclear testing.
  • August 28 – United States Senator Strom Thurmond (D-SC) sets the record for the longest filibuster with his 24-hour, 18-minute speech railing against a civil rights bill.
  • August 31 – The Federation of Malaya gains independence from the United Kingdom, subsequently celebrated as Malaysia's National Day. Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan becomes the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya. The country's new Constitution came into force on August 27.

September

  • September 1 – 175 die in Jamaica's worst railway disaster.
  • September 3 – The Wolfenden report on homosexuality is published in the United Kingdom.
  • September 4
    • African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68): Little Rock Crisis – Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas calls out the National Guard of the United States to prevent African-American students from enrolling in Little Rock Central High School.
    • The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel on what the company proclaims as "E Day".
  • September 5 – The first edition of Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road goes on sale in the United States.
  • September 7NBC introduces an animated version of its famous "living color" peacock logo.
  • September 9
    • The Civil Rights Act of 1957 is enacted, establishing the United States Commission on Civil Rights.
    • Catholic Memorial School opens its doors for the first time in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • September 14Have Gun – Will Travel premieres on CBS.
  • September 21
    • Olav V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father Haakon VII.
    • The sailing ship Pamir sinks off the Azores in a hurricane.
    • Perry Mason premiers on CBS.
  • September 23 – The Academy Award-winning movie The Three Faces of Eve is released.
  • September 24
    • U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops to Arkansas to provide safe passage into Little Rock Central High School for the "Little Rock Nine".
    • Camp Nou Stadium, as known well for professional football stadium in Europe, officially opened in Barcelona, Spain.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • September 26Leonard Bernstein's musical West Side Story makes its first appearance on Broadway and runs for 732 performances.
  • September 29 – The Kyshtym disaster occurs at the Mayak nuclear reprocessing plant in Russia.

October

  • October
    • Which? magazine is first published by The Consumers' Association in the United Kingdom.
    • The Africanized bee is accidentally released in Brazil.
  • October 2David Lean's film The Bridge on the River Kwai opens in the U.K.
  • October 4
    • Space AgeSputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth.
    • The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow delta wing interceptor aircraft is unveiled.
    • The sitcom Leave It to Beaver premieres on CBS in the United States.
  • October 9Neil H. McElroy is sworn in as United States Secretary of Defense.
  • October 10
    • U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Delaware, restaurant.
    • Windscale fire: Fire at the Windscale nuclear reactor on the north-west coast of England releases radioactive material into the surrounding environment, including iodine-131.
  • October 11
    • The Jodrell Bank radio telescope opens in Cheshire, England.
    • The orbit of the last stage of the R-7 Semyorka rocket (carrying Sputnik I) is first successfully calculated on an IBM 704 computer by teams at The M.I.T. Computation Center and Operation Moonwatch, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • October 12Ayn Rand's fourth, last and longest novel, Atlas Shrugged, is published in the United States.
  • October 16Antônio Vilas Boas, a Brazilian farmer, claims to have been abducted by extraterrestrials; the first famous alien abduction case.
  • October 21
    • Two trains collide in Turkey; 95 die.
    • The U.S. military sustains its first combat fatality in Vietnam, Army Capt. Hank Cramer of the 1st Special Forces Group.
  • October 23Morocco begins its invasion of Ifni.
  • October 25Mafia boss Albert Anastasia is assassinated in a barber shop, at the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City.
  • October 27Celâl Bayar is re-elected president of Turkey.
  • October 31Toyota begins exporting vehicles to the United States, beginning with the Toyota Crown and the Toyota Land Cruiser

November

  • November 1
    • The Mackinac Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages at this time, opens in the United States to connect Michigan's two peninsulas.
    • The first (westbound) tube of the Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel linking Norfolk and Hampton, Virginia opens at a cost of $44 million.
  • November 3Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2, with the first animal to orbit the Earth (a dog named Laika) on board; there is no technology available to return it to Earth.
  • November 7Cold War: In the United States, the Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • November 8 – Film Jailhouse Rock opens across the U.S. to reach #3, and Elvis Presley continues to gain more notoriety.
  • November 13
    • Gordon Gould invents the laser.
    • Flooding in the Po Valley of Italy leads to flooding also in Venice.
  • November 14Apalachin Meeting: American Mafia leaders meet in Apalachin, New York at the house of Joseph Barbara; the meeting is broken up by a curious patrolman.
  • November 15
    • 1957 Aquila Airways Solent crash: A flying boat crash on the Isle of Wight leaves 45 dead.
    • Yugoslavia announces the end of an economic boycott of Francoist Spain (although it does not reinstitute diplomatic relations).
  • November 16
    • Serial killer Edward Gein murders his last victim, Bernice Worden of Plainfield, Wisconsin, U.S.
    • U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower has a stroke.
    • Adnan Menderes of the Democrat Party forms the new government of Turkey (23rd government,last government formed by DP and Menderes).
  • November 30Indonesian president Sukarno survives a grenade attack at the Cikini School in Jakarta, but six children are killed.

December

  • December 1 – In Indonesia, Sukarno announces the nationalization of 246 Dutch businesses.
  • December 4 – The Lewisham rail crash in London leaves 92 dead.
  • December 5 – All 326,000 Dutch nationals are expelled from Indonesia.
  • December 6 – The first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite fails when the Vanguard rocket blows up on the launch pad.
  • December 10 – Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his peacekeeping efforts in the United Nations.
  • December 18The Bridge on the River Kwai is released in the U.S. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Additional Oscars go to Alec Guinness (Best Actor) and David Lean (Best Director), among others. This is Lean's first Oscar for directing.
  • December 19Meredith Willson's classic musical The Music Man, starring Robert Preston, debuts on Broadway.
  • December 20 – The Boeing 707 airliner flies for the first time.
  • December 22 – The CBS afternoon anthology series The Seven Lively Arts presents Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker on U.S. television for the first time, although heavily abridged.

Date unknown

  • Mao Zedong admits that 800,000 "class enemies" have been summarily liquidated in China between 1949 and 1954.
  • Expected date for Operation Dropshot, an all-out U.S. war with the Soviet Union, triggered by a Soviet takeover of Western Europe, the Near East and parts of Eastern Asia which does not materialize, as prepared for by the United States Department of Defense in 1949.
  • Gruppe SPUR, an artistic collaboration, is founded in Germany.
  • The so-called 'mound of Midas', the Great Tumulus near Gordium, is excavated.
  • Three new neo-grotesque sans-serif typefaces are released: Folio (designed by Konrad Bauer and Walter Baum), Neue Haas Grotesk (designed by Max Miedinger) and Univers (designed by Adrian Frutiger); all will be influential in the International Typographic Style of graphic design.

Births

January

File:Steve Harvey September 2008.jpg

Steve Harvey

  • January 1Ewa Kasprzyk, Polish actress
  • January 3Bojan Križaj, Slovenian alpine skier
  • January 4Charles Allen, British television magnate
  • January 6Nancy Lopez, American golfer
  • January 7
    • Nicholson Baker, American novelist
    • Katie Couric, American television host
    • Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey goaltender
    • Julian Solís, Puerto Rican boxer
  • January 8
    • David Lang, American composer
    • Dwight Clark, American football player
  • January 9Bibie, Ghanaian singer
  • January 11
    • Bryan Robson, English footballer
    • Claude Criquielion, Belgian bike racer (d. 2015)
  • January 12John Lasseter, American director, writer and animator
  • January 13
    • Lorrie Moore, American writer
    • Daniel Scioli, Argentine politician and sportsman
  • January 14
    • Anchee Min, Chinese writer
    • Wu Chengzhen, Chinese Buddhist abbess
  • January 15
    • Mario Van Peebles, African-American actor and director
    • Patrick Dixon, British business guru and author
  • January 16Ricardo Darín, Argentinian actor
  • January 17
    • Steve Harvey, American comedian, television host, radio personality, actor and author; host of Steve Harvey, Little Big Shots, and Family Feud
  • January 21Greg Ryan, American soccer coach
  • January 22
    • Mike Bossy, Canadian hockey player
    • Rene Requiestas, Filipino comedian (d. 1993)
    • Godfrey Thoma, Nauruan politician
  • January 23Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • January 24Adrian Edmondson, British comedian
  • January 26Richard Portnow, American Actor
  • January 27
    • Frank Miller, American comic book writer
    • Janick Gers, British heavy metal guitarist
  • January 29Grażyna Miller, Polish poet
  • January 30Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)

February

File:Kathy Najimy.jpg

Kathy Najimy

File:John Turturro at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

John Turturro

  • February 1Ranae Jacobs voice actress
  • February 2Phil Barney, French singer
  • February 4Elaine Carbines, Member of the Australian Labor Party
  • February 5Jackie Woodburne, Australian actress
  • February 6Kathy Najimy, American actress and comedian
  • February 8Cindy Wilson, American rock singer (The B-52's)
  • February 9Gordon Strachan, Scottish footballer and manager
  • February 11Mitchell Symons, British writer
  • February 14Soile Isokoski, Finnish lyric soprano
  • February 15Shahriar Mandanipour, Iranian writer
  • February 16LeVar Burton, American actor
  • February 17Loreena McKennitt, Canadian singer, composer, harpist
  • February 18
    • Vanna White, American game show presenter
    • Marita Koch, German athlete
  • February 19
    • Falco, Austrian rock musician (d. 1998)
    • Ray Winstone, British actor
  • February 20Glen Hanlon, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • February 23Ria Brieffies, Dutch singer (d. 2009)
  • February 27
    • Adrian Smith, British heavy metal guitarist
    • Viktor Markin, Russian athlete
    • Rob de Castella, Australian long-distance runner
    • Danny Antonucci, Canadian creator of the Cartoon Network show Ed, Edd n Eddy
  • February 28
    • Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef
    • Ian Smith, New Zealand cricketer
    • John Turturro, American actor, writer and director

March

File:Osama bin Laden portrait.jpg

Osama bin Laden

File:Joaquim de Almeida.jpg

Joaquim de Almeida

File:Spike Lee.jpg

Spike Lee

File:Christopher Lambert 2013.jpg

Christopher Lambert

  • March 3Eric Walters, Canadian author
  • March 4
    • Jim Dwyer, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner
    • Rick Mast, American NASCAR driver
  • March 8
    • Clive Burr, British heavy metal drummer (d. 2013)
    • Mitsuko Horie, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • March 9Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
  • March 10
    • Osama bin Laden, Saudi-born Islamist terrorist (d. 2011)
    • Hans-Peter Friedrich, German politician
  • March 12Marlon Jackson, American singer
  • March 15
    • Joaquim de Almeida, Portuguese actor
    • Park Overall, American film and television actress
  • March 17Mal Donaghy, Northern Irish footballer
  • March 18György Pazdera, Hungarian rock bassist (Pokolgép)
  • March 20
    • Vanessa Bell Calloway, American actress
    • John Grogan, American Journalist and non-fiction writer
    • Spike Lee, American film director and actor
    • Theresa Russell, American actress
  • March 23
    • Teresa Ganzel, American comedian and actress
    • Lucio Gutiérrez, President of Ecuador
  • March 24Jack Edwards, American play-by-play announcer
  • March 26Leeza Gibbons, American television personality
  • March 29Christopher Lambert, French actor
  • March 30
    • Paul Reiser, American comedian and actor
    • Ian Shelton, Canadian astronomer who discovered SN 1987A
  • March 31
    • Alan Duncan, British politician
    • Terry Klassen, Canadian voice actor and voice director

April

File:Premier RP D Tusk.jpg

Donald Tusk

File:Daniel Day-Lewis 2007.jpg

Daniel Day-Lewis

  • April 1
    • J. Karjalainen, Finnish rock musician
    • Denise Nickerson, American child actress
  • April 2Giuliana De Sio, Italian actress
  • April 4Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish film director
  • April 5Ivan Corea, Sri Lankan autism campaigner
  • April 7Simon Climie, English singer-songwriter (Climie Fisher)
  • April 8Henry Cluney, Irish musician
  • April 9Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer (d. 2011)
  • April 11
    • Michael Card, American Christian musician
    • Ian Stuart, singer for white power skinhead band Skrewdriver (d. 1993)
    • Jim Lauderdale, bluegrass musician
  • April 12Suzzanne Douglas, American actress
  • April 14Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist, conductor and composer
  • April 17Susan Roman, Canadian voice actress
  • April 18Genie, American feral child
  • April 21
    • Herbert Wetterauer, German artist and author
    • Faustin-Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic
  • April 22Donald Tusk, Prime Minister of Poland
  • April 23
    • Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (d. 2014)
    • Kenji Kawai, Japanese composer
    • Patrik Ouředník, Czech writer
  • April 25Eric Bristow, English darts player
  • April 27Michel Barrette, Canadian actor and stand-up comedian
  • April 28Dinorah de Jesús Rodriguez, Cuban-born experimental filmmaker
  • April 29Daniel Day-Lewis, English-born actor

May

File:Yoshihiko Noda-3.jpg

Yoshihiko Noda

  • May 2Michael Coyle, American composer
  • May 3
    • William Clay Ford, Jr., American automobile executive
    • Jo Brand, English comedian
  • May 5Richard E. Grant, English actor
  • May 6Mbah Surip, Indonesian Singer (d. 2009)
  • May 10Sid Vicious, English rock bassist (Sex Pistols) (d. 1979)
  • May 14Daniela Dessi, Italian opera singer (d. 2016)
  • May 15Juan José Ibarretxe, Basque Lehendakari (Prime Minister)
  • May 16Joan Benoit, American Olympic gold medal-winning marathon runner
  • May 17Gösta Sundqvist, Finnish rock singer and songwriter (Leevi and the Leavings) (d. 2003)
  • May 18
    • Michael Cretu, Romanian–German musician (Enigma)
    • Frank Plasberg, German journalist and television presenter
  • May 20
    • Yoshihiko Noda, 62nd Prime Minister of Japan
    • Stewart Nozette, American astronomer
  • May 21
    • Judge Reinhold, American actor
    • Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress
  • May 22
    • Albert Boonstra, Dutch swimmer
    • Shinji Morisue, Japanese gymnast
    • Gary Sweet, Australian actor
  • May 23Jimmy McShane (aka Baltimora), Northern Irish dancer (d. 1995)
  • May 24Walter Moers, German comic artist and writer
  • May 24John Rowland, U.S. Republican politician, Governor of Connecticut
  • May 26
    • Pontso Sekatle, Lesotho academic and politician
    • Dan Roodt, South African author and politician
  • May 27Siouxsie Sioux, British rock singer (Siouxsie and the Banshees)
  • May 28Kirk Gibson, American baseball player
  • May 29
    • Jeb Hensarling, American politician; U.S. Representative (R-TX)
    • Ted Levine, American film and television actor
    • Bobby Hamilton, racing driver (d. 2007)

June

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Georgi Parvanov

  • June 1Dorota Kędzierzawska, Polish film director
  • June 3Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player
  • June 6Jessica Diamond, American artist
  • June 7Juan Luis Guerra, Dominican singer and songwriter
  • June 8
    • Scott Adams, American cartoonist (Dilbert)
    • Sonja Vectomov, Czech/Finnish sculptor
  • June 10Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • June 12
    • Timothy Busfield, American actor
    • Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer
    • Ciro Pessoa, Brazilian musician (Titãs, Cabine C), journalist, screenwriter and poet
  • June 14
    • Debbie Arnold, British actress and voice artiste
    • Maxwell Fraiser, African-British rapper for Faithless, DJ
  • June 15Seppo Pääkkönen, Finnish actor
  • June 19Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
  • June 23Frances McDormand, American actress
  • June 28
    • Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
  • June 29Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Turkmenistan

July

File:Nellie Kim 1980.jpg

Nellie Kim

  • July 1Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player
  • July 2Bret Hart, Canadian professional wrestler
  • July 3
    • Ken Ober, American actor and game show host (d. 2009)
  • July 9
    • Marc Almond, English singer
    • Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • July 10Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war activist
  • July 12Götz Alsmann, German television presenter, musician and singer
  • July 13Cameron Crowe, American writer and film director
  • July 17Fern Britton, British television presenter
  • July 18Nick Faldo, British golfer
  • July 21Jon Lovitz, American comedian and actor
  • July 23Theo van Gogh, Dutch film director (d. 2004)
  • July 24
    • Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Prime Minister of Uzbekistan and President of Uzbekistan
    • Robbie Grey, English rocker, and lead singer and guitarist for Modern English
  • July 26
    • Yuen Biao, Hong Kong actor
    • Nana Visitor, American actress
  • July 27
    • Hansi Müller, German footballer
    • Matt Osborne, American professional wrestler (d. 2013)
  • July 29Nellie Kim, Russian gymnast
  • July 31Shan Goshorn, Cherokee artist

August

File:Melanie Griffith.jpg

Melanie Griffith

File:DenisLearyJun10.jpg

Denis Leary

File:Stephen Fry cropped.jpg

Stephen Fry

File:DanielStern09TIFF.jpg

Daniel Stern

File:16 obljetnica vojnoredarstvene operacije Oluja Ivo Josipovic 04082011 c 876.jpg

Ivo Josipović

  • August 2
    • Mojo Nixon, American singer, lyricist and actor
    • Butch Vig, American record producer and drummer (Garbage)
  • August 4John Wark, Scottish footballer
  • August 5Clayton Rohner, American actor
  • August 6Jim McGreevey, 52nd Governor of New Jersey
  • August 7Alexander Dityatin, Soviet gymnast
  • August 9Melanie Griffith, American actress
  • August 10Juli Básti, Hungarian actress
  • August 11Richie Ramone, American rock drummer (Ramones)
  • August 14Peter Costello, Australian politician
  • August 15Željko Ivanek, Slovenian-American actor
  • August 16
    • Tim Farriss, Australian rock guitarist (INXS)
    • Laura Innes, American actress and director
  • August 17Robin Cousins, British figure skater
  • August 18
    • Carole Bouquet, French actress
    • Denis Leary, American comedian and actor
    • Harald Schmidt, German actor, writer, columnist, comedian and television entertainer
  • August 19Li-Young Lee, Indonesian-born poet
  • August 20Finlay Calder, Scottish rugby player
  • August 22Steve Davis, British snooker player
  • August 24Stephen Fry, British comedian, author and actor
  • August 25Simon McBurney, British actor, writer and theatre director
  • August 26
    • Dr. Alban, Nigerian-born Swedish singer
    • Uzo, Nigerian-American film producer and director
  • August 27Bernhard Langer, German golfer
  • August 28
    • Ivo Josipović, President of Croatia
    • Rick Rossovich, American actor
    • Daniel Stern, American actor
    • Ai Weiwei, Chinese artist, philosopher
  • August 29
    • Grzegorz Ciechowski, Polish musician (d. 2001)
    • Shirō Sagisu, Japanese composer
  • August 30Manu Tuiasosopo, American football player
  • August 31Ingrid Washinawatok, Native American activist (d. 1999)

September

File:Gloria Estefan 2009.jpg

Gloria Estefan

File:Kevin Rudd portrait.jpg

Kevin Rudd

  • September 1Gloria Estefan, Cuban-born American singer
  • September 7
    • Ewa Kasprzyk, Polish athlete
    • John McInerney, British-German singer-songwriter (Bad Boys Blue)
  • September 8
    • Ricardo Montaner, Argentine-born Venezuelan singer
    • Heather Thomas, American actress and activist
  • September 11
    • Preben Elkjær Larsen, Danish footballer
    • Jeh Johnson, American politician, 4th Secretary of Homeland Security.
  • September 12
    • Rachel Ward, English-born actress
    • Hans Zimmer, German composer
  • September 13Vinny Appice, American drummer
  • September 15Brad Bird, American animator and director
  • September 16David McCreery, Irish footballer
  • September 19Chris Roupas, Greek-American basketball player
  • September 20Sabine Christiansen, German journalist and television presenter
  • September 21
    • Ethan Coen, American film director, producer, screenwriter and editor
    • Kevin Rudd, 26th Prime Minister of Australia
  • September 22Nick Cave, Australian musician, songwriter, author, screenwriter and actor
  • September 26Luigi De Canio, Italian footballer and football manager
  • September 27Peter Sellars, American theatre director
  • September 28Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan composer and musician
  • September 29Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian
  • September 30Fran Drescher, American actress

October

File:Paul Kagame New York 2010.jpg

Paul Kagame

File:Dolph Lundgren 2014.jpg

Dolph Lundgren

November

File:Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg

Tony Abbott

File:Goodluck Jonathan World Economic Forum 2013.jpg

Goodluck Jonathan

  • November 3Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor and martial artist
  • November 4Tony Abbott, 28th Prime Minister of Australia
  • November 5Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (d. 1984)
  • November 6
    • Klaus Kleinfeld, German business executive
    • Lori Singer, American actress and musician
  • November 7Christopher Knight, American actor
  • November 13Roger Ingram, American jazz musician, author, educator, trumpet designer
  • November 14Gregg Burge, American tap dancer and choreographer (d. 1998)
  • November 15Kevin Eubanks, American jazz guitarist
  • November 17Debbie Thrower, English TV news presenter
  • November 18Olivia Heussler, Swiss photojournalist
  • November 19Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (d. 2000)
  • November 20
    • John Eriksen, Danish footballer (d. 2002)
    • Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria
  • November 24Denise Crosby, American actress
  • November 26Matthias Reim, German singer-songwriter
  • November 27
    • Kenny Acheson, Irish race car driver
    • Caroline Kennedy, American author, attorney and daughter of 35th President John F. Kennedy
    • Edda Heiðrún Backman, Icelandic actress, singer, director and artist (d. 2016)
  • November 30Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian

December

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Andrew Cuomo

File:Donnyosmond.jpg

Donny Osmond

File:MichaelClarkeDuncanJan09.jpg

Michael Clarke Duncan

File:Steve Buscemi 2009 portrait.jpg

Steve Buscemi

File:Ray Romano 2011 (cropped).jpg

Ray Romano

File:Hamid Karzai in August 2009 cropped.jpg

Hamid Karzai

  • December 3Maxim Korobov, Russian businessman & politician
  • December 4Eric S. Raymond, American open source software advocate
  • December 6
    • Adrian Borland, English musician and producer (The Sound) (d. 1999)
    • Thomas Brinkman, American politician
    • Andrew Cuomo, 56th Governor of New York
  • December 9
    • Peter O'Mara, Australian jazz guitarist and composer
    • Donny Osmond, American pop singer
  • December 10
    • Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (d. 2012)
    • Paul Hardcastle, English musician
  • December 13Steve Buscemi, American actor
  • December 15
    • Chō, Japanese voice actor and actor
    • Laura Molina, American artist, musician and actress
  • December 17
    • Masako Natsume, Japanese model and actress (d. 1985)
    • Doug Parker, Canadian voice actor and voice director
  • December 19Kevin McHale, American basketball player
  • December 20
    • Billy Bragg, British singer
    • Joyce Hyser, American actress
    • Anna Vissi, Greek singer
  • December 21
    • Tom Henke, American baseball player
    • Ray Romano, American actor and comedian
  • December 24Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan
  • December 25Shane MacGowan, Irish singer and songwriter (The Pogues)
  • December 30
    • Matt Lauer, American newscaster
    • Joanna Pacuła, Polish actress

Deaths

January

File:Humphrey Bogart 1945.JPG

Humphrey Bogart

File:Arturo Toscanini - de Augostini bw.jpg

Arturo Toscanini

File:BASA-3K-7-422-18-1896 Summer Olympics.jpg

James Connolly

File:Jose Linhares.jpg

Jose Linhares

February

File:JohnvonNeumann-LosAlamos.gif

John von Neumann

File:Horthy the regent.jpg

Miklós Horthy

  • February 1Friedrich Paulus, German field marshal (b. 1890)
  • February 8
    • Walther Bothe, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
    • John von Neumann, Hungarian-born mathematician (b. 1903)
  • February 9
    • John Axon, English railwayman and hero, in rail accident (b. 1900)
    • Miklós Horthy, Austro-Hungarian admiral and regent of the Kingdom of Hungary (b. 1868)
  • February 10Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (b. 1867)
  • February 16Josef Hofmann, Polish-born pianist and composer (b. 1876)
  • February 18
    • Walter James Bolton, uxoricide, last person to be executed in New Zealand (b. 1888)
    • Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader, executed (b. 1920)
    • Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (b. 1877)
  • February 19Märta Torén, Swedish actress (b. 1926)
  • February 23Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
  • February 25
    • Bugs Moran, American gangster (b. 1893)
    • B. P. Schulberg, American film producer (b. 1892)

March

File:Ramon-Magsaysay-01.jpg

Ramon Magsaysay

  • March 5William Cameron Menzies, American film production designer (b. 1896)
  • March 6Alexander Godley, British general (b. 1867)
  • March 7Wyndham Lewis, English painter (b. 1882)
  • March 8János Esterházy, Hungarian politician in Czechoslovakia (b. 1901)
  • March 11Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)
  • March 12Josephine Hull, American actress (b. 1886)
  • March 14Eugenio Castellotti, Italian racing driver (car crash) (b. 1930)
  • March 16Constantin Brâncuși, Romanian sculptor (b. 1876)
  • March 17Ramon Magsaysay, President of the Philippines (air crash) (b. 1907)
  • March 25Max Ophüls, German film director and writer (b. 1902)
  • March 29
    • Laura Bowman, American actress, singer (b. 1881)
    • Joyce Cary, Irish author (b. 1888)
  • March 31Gene Lockhart, Canadian actor (b. 1891)

April

  • April 3Ned Sparks, Canadian character actor (b. 1883)
  • April 4E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
  • April 5Alagappa Chettiar, Indian philanthropist (b. 1909)
  • April 8Dorothy Sebastian, American actress (b. 1903)
  • April 15Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • April 16Johnny Torrio, Italian-American gangster (b. 1882)
  • April 23Roy Campbell, South African poet (b. 1901)
  • April 26Elinor Fair, American actress (b. 1903)

May

File:Joseph McCarthy.jpg

Joseph McCarthy

  • May 1Grant Mitchell, American actor (b. 1874)
  • May 2Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator (b. 1908)
  • May 7Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (b. 1877)
  • May 9Ezio Pinza, Italian bass (b. 1892)
  • May 12Erich von Stroheim, Austrian actor and director (b. 1885)
  • May 13
    • Michael Fekete, Hungarian-born Israeli mathematician (b. 1886)
    • Robert "Fuzzy" Theobald, American admiral (b. 1884)
  • May 14Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (b. 1884)
  • May 16Eliot Ness, American policeman (b. 1903)
  • May 29James Whale, English film director (b. 1889)
  • May 31Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)

June

File:Johannes Stark.jpg

Johannes Stark

File:Alfred Doeblin 1930a.jpg

Alfred Döblin

  • June 1
    • Feliksas Baltušis-Žemaitis, Lithuanian military leader (b. 1897)
    • Luisa Casati, Italian patron of the arts (b. 1881)
    • Russell Hicks, American actor (b. 1895)
  • June 12
    • Robert Alton, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1906)
    • Jimmy Dorsey, American jazz musician (b. 1904)
  • June 13Irving Baxter, American athlete (b. 1876)
  • June 15Princess Norina Matchabelli, Italian perfumier (b. 1880)
  • June 17Dorothy Richardson, English feminist writer (b. 1873)
  • June 21Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • June 26Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • June 27
    • Hermann Buhl, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1924)
    • Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (b. 1909)

July

File:Tomasi di Lampedusa.jpg

Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa

  • July 3
    • Richard Mohaupt, German composer and Kapellmeister (b. 1904)
    • Judy Tyler, American actress (b. 1932)
  • July 8Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
  • July 11Aga Khan III, 48th Nizari Imam (b. 1877)
  • July 15
    • George Cleveland, Canadian actor (b. 1885)
    • Vasily Maklakov, Russian liberal politician and parliamentary orator (b. 1869)
  • July 23Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (b. 1896)
  • July 24
    • Metodija Andonov-Čento, Macedonian statesman (b. 1902)
    • Sacha Guitry, Russian-born playwright, actor and director (b. 1885)
  • July 28
    • Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator and author (b. 1876)
    • Isaac Heinemann, German-born Israeli scholar and professor of classical literature (b. 1876)

August

File:A Day at School.jpg

Oliver Hardy

File:Julio Lozano 400.jpg

Julio Lozano Diaz

September

File:Haakon7.jpg

Haakon VII of Norway

October

File:Stamps of Romania, 2005-002.jpg

Christian Dior

File:Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg

Gerty Cori

November

File:Ted Meredith.jpg

Ted Meredith

File:Diego Rivera with a xoloitzcuintle dog in the Blue House, Coyoacan - Google Art Project.jpg

Diego Rivera

December

  • December 2Harrison Ford, American silent film actor (b. 1884)
  • December 4John Lavarack, Australian general, Governor of Queensland (1946-1957) (b. 1885)
  • December 8Reginald Sheffield, English actor (b. 1901)
  • December 10Maurice McLoughlin, American tennis champion (b. 1890)
  • December 10Napoleon Zervas, Greek WW II Resistance leader (b. 1891)
  • December 11Musidora, French actress (b. 1889)
  • December 17Dorothy L. Sayers, British crime writer, poet, playwright and essayist (b. 1893)
  • December 21Eric Coates, English composer (b. 1886)
  • December 24Norma Talmadge, American actress (b. 1894)
  • December 25
    • Alfred Walton Hinds, 17th Naval Governor of Guam (b. 1874)
    • Charles Pathé, French film pioneer (b. 1863)
    • Stanley Vestal, American writer, poet and historian (b. 1877)

Nobel Prizes

References

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Music

Singles

  1. Peggy Sue Buddy Holly
  2. Oh Boy The Crickets
  3. Jailhouse Rock Elvis Presley
  4. That'll Be the Day The Crickets
  5. Great Balls of Fire Jerry Lee Lewis