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1953 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Events

January

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File:Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg

34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • January 5Samuel Beckett's play Waiting for Godot has its first public stage première in French as En attendant Godot at the Théâtre de Babylone in Paris.
  • January 6 – The Asian Socialist Conference opens in Rangoon, Burma.
  • January 7 – United States President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
  • January 12Estonian émigrés found a government-in-exile in Oslo.
  • January 13 – "Doctors' plot": The state newspaper Pravda publishes an article alleging that many of the most prestigious physicians in the Soviet Union, mostly Jews, are part of a major plot to poison the country's senior political and military leaders.
  • January 14
    • Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen President of Yugoslavia.
    • The CIA-sponsored Robertson Panel first meets to discuss the UFO phenomenon.
  • January 15Georg Dertinger, foreign minister of East Germany, is arrested for spying.
  • January 19 – 71.1% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth to Little Ricky, which is more people than those who tuned into Dwight Eisenhower's inauguration the next day. This record has yet to be broken.
  • January 20Dwight D. Eisenhower is sworn in as President of the United States.
  • January 22The Crucible, a drama by Arthur Miller, opens on Broadway.
  • January 24
    • Mau Mau Uprising: Rebels in Kenya kill the Ruck family (father, mother, and six-year-old son).
    • Walter Ulbricht announces that agriculture will be collectivized in East Germany.
  • January 28Derek Bentley is executed for murder at Wandsworth Prison in London.
  • January 31February 1 – The North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1,836 people in the southwestern Netherlands (especially Zeeland), 307 in the United Kingdom[1][2] and several hundred at sea, including 133 on the ferry Template:MV in the Irish Sea.

February

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  • February 1 – The surge of the North Sea flood continues from the previous day.
  • February 5 – Walt Disney's feature film Peter Pan premieres.
  • February 11
    • President Dwight D. Eisenhower refuses a clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
    • The Soviet Union breaks diplomatic relations with Israel after a bomb explosion at the Soviet embassy in reaction to the 'Doctors' plot'.
  • February 12 – The Nordic Council is inaugurated.
  • February 13Transsexual Christine Jorgensen returns to New York after successful sex reassignment surgery in Denmark.
  • February 16 – The Pakistan Academy of Sciences is established in Pakistan.
  • February 19Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
  • February 21 – Nitroform Products Company plant in Newark was destroyed by an explosion.[3]
  • February 25 – Release, in France, of Jacques Tati's film Les Vacances de M. Hulot, introducing the gauche character of Monsieur Hulot.
  • February 28
    • James Watson and Francis Crick of the University of Cambridge announce their discovery of the structure of the DNA molecule.
    • Greece, Turkey, and Yugoslavia sign the Balkan Pact.

March

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  • March 1
    • Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke after an all-night dinner with Soviet Union interior minister Lavrentiy Beria and future premiers Georgi Malenkov, Nikolai Bulganin, and Nikita Khrushchev. The stroke paralyzes the right side of his body and renders him unconscious until his death on March 5.[4]
    • Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg is made deputy constable and lieutenant governor of Windsor Castle.
  • March 6Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Joseph Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • March 8 – The Thieves World, which had been transformed into the Russian mafia, are freed from prisons by the Malenkov regime which ends the Bitch Wars.
  • March 13 – The United Nations Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld from Sweden as United Nations Secretary General.
  • March 14Nikita Khrushchev is selected First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • March 17 – The first nuclear test of Operation Upshot–Knothole is conducted in Nevada, with 1,620 spectators at Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • March 18 – An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250.
  • March 19 – The 25th Academy Awards ceremony is held (the first one broadcast on television).
  • March 2526Lari Massacre in Kenya: Mau Mau rebels kill up to 150 Kikuyu natives.
  • March 26Jonas Salk announces his polio vaccine.
  • March 29 – A fire at the Littlefield Nursing Home in Largo, Florida, kills 33 persons, including singer-songwriter Arthur Fields.

April

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  • April 7Dag Hammarskjöld is elected United Nations Secretary-General.
  • April 8Jomo Kenyatta is sentenced to seven years in prison for the alleged organization of the Mau Mau Uprising.
  • April 10 – The Melbourne Knights is founded as Croatia SC in Melbourne.
  • April 13
    • Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale, in the United Kingdom.
    • The German football team SG Dynamo Dresden is founded.
  • April 16
    • President Eisenhower delivers his "Chance for Peace" speech to the National Association of Newspaper Editors.[5]
    • A four-story building in Chicago belonging to the Habar Corporation catches fire, killing 35 employees.
  • April 17Mickey Mantle hits a 565-foot (172 m) home run at Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C. Mantle's home run is believed to be the longest home run in baseball history by many historians.
  • April 20Frank Sinatra and the arranger Nelson Riddle began their first recording sessions together at Capitol Records, which would result in some of the defining recordings of Sinatra's career.
  • April 25Francis Crick and James Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid", their description of the double helix structure of DNA.[6]

May

File:Sagarmatha ck Oct18 2002.jpg

Mount Everest.

  • May 2Hussein is crowned King of Jordan.
  • May 5Aldous Huxley first tries the psychedelic hallucinogen, mescaline, inspiring his book The Doors of Perception.
  • May 9 – France agrees to the provisional independence of Cambodia with King Norodom Sihanouk.
  • May 10 – The town of Chemnitz in East Germany becomes Karl Marx Stadt.
  • May 11 – The Waco tornado outbreak: A F5 tornado hits in the downtown section of Waco, Texas, killing 114.
  • May 15 – The Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPS) for Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) were adopted by the ICAO Council. These SARPS are in Annex 15 to the Chicago Convention and 15 May is celebrated by the AIS community as “World AIS Day”.
  • May 18 – At Rogers Dry Lake, Californian Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier (in a F-86 Sabrejet at an average speed of 652.337 miles-per-hour).
  • May 25Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its only nuclear artillery test: Upshot-Knothole Grable.
  • May 29 – Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal become the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

June

File:Julius and Ethel Rosenberg NYWTS.jpg

June 19: Execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.

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  • June 1Uprising in Plzeň: Currency reform causes riots in Czechoslovakia.
  • June 2Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey.
  • June 7Italian general election: the Christian Democracy party wins a plurality in both legislative houses.
  • June 7-9Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A single storm-system spawns 46 tornadoes of various sizes, in ten states from Colorado to Massachusetts, over three days, killing 246.
  • June 8
    • On second day of Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence, a tornado kills 115 in Flint, Michigan; it will be the last to claim more than 100 lives until the 2011 Joplin tornado.
    • Austria and the Soviet Union open diplomatic relations.
    • Ivo Sanader, the "Čaća", was born.
  • June 9
    • On third day of Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence, a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado the day before hits in Worcester, Massachusetts, killing 94.
    • CIA Technical Services Staff head Sidney Gottlieb approves of the use of LSD in a MKUltra subproject.
  • June 13 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy.
  • June 16 – The Soviet Union and Yugoslavia open diplomatic relations.
  • June 17Workers Uprising in East Germany: The Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
  • June 18
    • Egypt declares itself a republic.
    • Tachikawa air disaster: A United States Air Force Douglas C-124 Globemaster II crashes just after takeoff from Tachikawa Airfield near Tokyo, Japan, killing all 129 people on board in the worst air crash in history up to this time, and the first with a confirmed death toll exceeding 100.
  • June 19
    • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York, for conspiracy to commit espionage.
    • Baton Rouge bus boycott begins.
  • June 30
    • The first Chevrolet Corvette is built at Flint, Michigan.
    • First roll-on/roll-off ferry crossing of the English Channel, DoverBoulogne.[7]

July

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  • July 3First ascent of Nanga Parbat in the Pakistan Himalayas, the world's ninth highest mountain, is made by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl alone.
  • July 4Strikes and riots hit coal mining regions in Poland.
  • July 5 – The European Economic Community (EEC) holds its first assembly in Strasbourg, France.Template:Dubious
  • July 9 – The US Treasury formally renames the Bureau of Internal Revenue; the new name (which had previously been used informally) is the Internal Revenue Service.
  • July 10 – The Soviet official newspaper Pravda announces that Lavrentiy Beria has been deposed as head of the NKVD.
  • July 17 – The greatest recorded loss of United States midshipmen in a single event results from an aircraft crash near NAS Whiting Field.[8]
  • July 23Howard Hawks's musical film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, starring Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell, is released by 20th Century Fox.
  • July 26
    • Fidel Castro and his brother lead a disastrous assault on the Moncada Barracks, preliminary to the Cuban Revolution.
    • The Short Creek raid is carried out on a polygynous Mormon sect in Arizona.
  • July 27 – The Korean War ends with the Korean Armistice Agreement: United Nations Command (Korea) (United States), People's Republic of China, North Korea sign an armistice agreement at Panmunjom and the north remains communist while the south remains capitalist.

August

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  • August 5Operation Big Switch: Prisoners of war are repatriated after the Korean War.
  • August 8
    • Soviet prime minister Georgi Malenkov announces that the Soviet Union has a hydrogen bomb.
    • London Agreement on German External Debts concluded, cancelling 50% of repayable war debt by the Federal Republic of Germany to its creditors.
  • August 12
    • The 1953 Ionian earthquake of magnitude 7.2 totally devastates Cephalonia and most of the other Ionian Islands in Greece's worst natural disaster in centuries.
    • Soviet atomic bomb project: "Joe 4" – The first Soviet thermonuclear weapon is detonated at Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakh SSR.
  • August 13 – Four million workers go on strike in France to protest against austerity measures.
  • August 17 – The first planning session of Narcotics Anonymous is held in Southern California (see October 5).
  • August 18 – The second of the Kinsey Reports, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, is published in the United States.
  • August 19Cold War: The CIA helps to overthrow the government of Mohammad Mosaddegh in Iran, and retain Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on the throne (see Operation Ajax).
  • August 20
    • The French government ousts King Mohammed V of Morocco and exiles him to Corsica.
    • The United States returns to West Germany 382 ships it had captured during World War II.
  • August 25 – The general strike ends in France.

September

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  • September 4 – The discovery of REM sleep is first published by researchers Eugene Aserinsky and Nathaniel Kleitman.
  • September 5 – The United Nations rejects the Soviet Union's suggestion to accept China as a member.
  • September 7Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
  • September 12 – U.S. Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary's Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
  • September 25 – The first German prisoners of war return from the Soviet Union to West Germany.
  • September 26Rationing of cane sugar ends in the UK.

October

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  • October – The UNIVAC 1103 is the first commercial computer to use random-access memory.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • October 5
    • Earl Warren is appointed Chief Justice of the United States by U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower.
    • The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held (the first planning session was held August 17).
  • October 6UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund, is made a permanent specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • October 9
    • West German federal election, 1953: Konrad Adenauer is re-elected as German chancellor.
    • The British Guiana constitution is suspended.
  • October 10
    • Roland (Monty) Burton wins the 1953 London to Christchurch air race in under 23 hours flying time.
    • The Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • October 12 – The play The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York.
  • October 22Laos becomes independent from France.
  • October 23Alto Broadcasting System in the Philippines makes the first television broadcast in southeast Asia through DZAQ-TV. Alto Broadcasting System is the predecessor of what will later become ABS-CBN Corporation.
  • October 30Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document of the United States National Security Council NSC 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.

November

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  • November 5David Ben-Gurion resigns as prime minister of Israel.
  • November 9Cambodia becomes independent from France.
    • The Laotian Civil War begins between the Kingdom of Laos and the Pathet Lao, all the while resuming the First Indochina War against the French Army in a Two-front war.
    • Saudi King Abdul Aziz al-Saud died.
  • November 20 – The Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket, piloted by Scott Crossfield, becomes the first manned aircraft to reach Mach 2.
  • November 21
    • Puerto Williams is founded in Chile as the southernmost settlement of the world.
    • Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the skull of the Piltdown Man, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax.
  • November 25England loses 6–3 to Hungary at Wembley Stadium, their first ever loss to a continental team at home.
  • November 29 – French paratroopers take Điện Biên Phủ.
  • November 30Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda, is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Benjamin Cohen, Governor of Uganda.

December

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File:Ramon-Magsaysay-01.jpg

Ramon Magsaysay

  • December – Hugh Hefner publishes the first issue of Playboy magazine in the United States, featuring a centerfold nude photograph of Marilyn Monroe; it sells 54,175 copies at $.50 each.
  • December 2 – The United Kingdom and Iran reform diplomatic relations.
  • December 6 – With the NBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Arturo Toscanini performs what he claims is his favorite Beethoven symphony, Eroica, for the last time. The live performance is broadcast nationwide on radio, and later released on records and CD.
  • December 7 – A visit to Iran by American Vice President Richard Nixon sparks several days of riots, as an reaction to the August 19 overthrow of the government of Mohammed Mossadegh by the US-backed Shah. Three students are shot dead by police in Tehran. This event becomes an annual commemoration.
  • December 8 – U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his Atoms for Peace address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City.
  • December 10Albert Schweitzer is given the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • December 17 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approves color television (using the NTSC standard).
  • December 23 – The Soviet Union announces officially that Lavrentiy Beria has been executed.
  • December 24Tangiwai disaster: A railway bridge collapses at Tangiwai, New Zealand, sending a fully loaded passenger train into the Whangaehu River; 151 are killed.
  • December 25 – The Amami Islands are returned to Japan after 8 years of United States military occupation.
  • December 30
    • The first color television sets go on sale for about US$1,175.
    • Ramon Magsaysay is the 7th President of the Philippines.

Date unknown

  • The Japanese 10 yen coin is issued with serrated edges for a 5-year period, beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have had smooth edges.
  • Heavy massive rain, landslides, and flooding in western and southwestern Japan kill an estimated 2,566, and injure 9,433, mainly at Kizugawa, Wakayama, Kumamoto, and Kitakyushu (June–August).

Births

January

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Gary Johnson

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Pamela Sue Martin

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Malcolm Young

File:Former Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen at the Nordic Council Session in Helsinki 2008-10-28.jpg

Anders Fogh Rasmussen

  • January 1Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico
  • January 2Vincent Racaniello, American virologist
  • January 4George Tenet, former American Central Intelligence Agency director
  • January 5
    • Pamela Sue Martin, American actress
    • Mike Rann, Australian politician
  • January 6Malcolm Young, Australian musician
  • January 8Bruce Sutter, America baseball player
  • January 10
    • Pat Benatar, American rock singer
    • Bobby Rahal, American race car driver
  • January 13John Wake, English cricketer
  • January 15
    • Kent Hovind, American creation science evangelist
    • Randy White, American football player
  • January 16Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi and founder of the terrorist group The Order (d. 1984)
  • January 19
    • Desi Arnaz Jr., American actor, musician
    • Richard Legendre, Canadian tennis player and politician
  • January 21
    • Paul Allen, American entrepreneur and co-founder of Microsoft
    • Glenn Kaiser, Blues-rock, Heavy metal, Rock, R&B (Early Days)
  • January 22
    • Myung-whun Chung, South Korean conductor and pianist
    • Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • January 23
    • Robin Zander, American singer and guitarist (Cheap Trick)
  • January 26
    • Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark and Secretary General of NATO
    • Lucinda Williams, American singer-songwriter
  • January 28Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • January 29
    • Nate Barnett, American basketball player
    • Peter Baumann, German keyboard player and songwriter (Tangerine Dream)
    • Paulin Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Caesar Cervin, American soccer player
    • Dennis Delaney, American actor and playwright
    • Paul Fusco, American puppeteer and voice actor
    • Steve March-Tormé, American singer-songwriter
    • Kalevi Marjamaa, Finnish boxer
    • Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
    • Ronnie Moore, English footballer and manager
    • Juan Paredes, Mexican boxer
    • Louie Pérez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
    • Fred Riebeling, Australian politician
    • Grażyna Szmacińska, Polish chess player
    • Dwight Takamine, American politician
    • Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
    • Yorie Terauchi, Japanese actress
    • Charlie Wilson, American singer-songwriter; producer (The Gap Band)
    • Hwang Woo-suk, South Korean veterinarian and academic
    • Richard Younger-Ross, English politician
  • January 31Sergei Ivanov, first deputy prime minister of Russia and former minister of defense of Russia

February

File:Cristinakirchnermensaje2010.jpg

Cristina Fernández de Kirchner

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José María Aznar

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Ian Khama

  • February 2Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter
  • February 4Kitarō, Japanese New Age musician
  • February 7Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • February 8Mary Steenburgen, American actress
  • February 9
    • Ciarán Hinds, Irish actor
    • Rick Wagoner, American automotive executive
  • February 10June Jones, American quarterback and current NCAA Football head coach at Southern Methodist University
  • February 11Jeb Bush, American politician
  • February 12Nabil Shaban, British disabled actor
  • February 14Sergey Mironov, Russian statesman and Speaker of the Federation Council
  • February 19
    • Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President of Argentina
    • Massimo Troisi, Italian actor and film director (d. 1994)
  • February 20Riccardo Chailly, Italian orchestral conductor
  • February 21William Petersen, American actor
  • February 22Geoffrey Perkins, British comedy producer, writer, actor (d. 2008)
  • February 25
    • José María Aznar, Prime Minister of Spain
    • Martin Kippenberger, German artist
  • February 26Michael Bolton, American pop singer
  • February 27
    • Ian Khama, 4th President of Botswana
    • Yolande Moreau, Belgian actress/writer/director
  • February 28
    • Paul Krugman, American economist
    • Ricky Steamboat, American professional wrestler
    • Osmo Vänskä, Finnish orchestral conductor

March

File:Ka Popoy.jpg

Filemon Lagman

  • March 1Richard Bruton, Irish politician and economist
  • March 2Russell Feingold, U. S. Senator
  • March 3
    • Arthur Antunes Coimbra, Brazilian footballer and manager
    • Robyn Hitchcock, British singer-songwriter
    • Agustí Villaronga, Spanish filmmaker
  • March 4
    • Emilio Estefan, Cuban percussionist
    • Rose Laurens, French singer-songwriter
    • Kay Lenz, American actress
  • March 5
    • Tokyo Sexwale, South African businessman, politician, anti-apartheid activist, and former political prisoner
  • March 6
    • Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
    • Jacklyn Zeman, American actress
  • March 10Debbie Brill, Canadian high jumper
  • March 11
    • László Bölöni, Romanian footballer
    • Bernie LaBarge, Canadian guitarist/vocalist
  • March 12
    • Carl Hiaasen, American author
    • Ron Jeremy, American pornographic actor
    • Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • March 14Johan Ullman, Swedish medical doctor, physicist and inventor
  • March 16
    • Bryan Duncan, American Christian musician
    • Isabelle Huppert, French actress
    • Richard Stallman, American free software proponent
  • March 17Filemon Lagman, Filipino revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • March 18Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer
  • March 20Sándor Csányi, Hungarian business executive and banker
  • March 23Chaka Khan, American soul singer
  • March 24
    • Louie Anderson, American comedian
    • Mathias Richling, German comedian
  • March 26
    • Lincoln Chafee, American politician
    • Elaine Chao, American politician; wife of Senator Mitch McConnell

April

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Linda Martin

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Guy Verhofstadt

  • April 2Jim Allister, Irish politician
  • April 3
    • Sandra Boynton, American author, songwriter, and illustrator
    • Russ Francis, American Football player
  • April 4Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
  • April 6Andy Hertzfeld, American computer programmer
  • April 9John Howard, English singer-songwriter
  • April 10Heiner Lauterbach, German actor
  • April 11
    • Guy Verhofstadt, former Prime Minister of Belgium
    • Andrew Wiles, British-born mathematician
  • April 14Eric Tsang, Hong Kong actor
  • April 16
    • Peter Garrett, Australian musician and politician
    • J. Neil Schulman, American writer and activist
  • April 17Linda Martin, Irish singer and television presenter, Eurovision Song Contest 1992 winner
  • April 18Rick Moranis, Canadian actor
  • April 19Ruby Wax, American-born British-based performer
  • April 20Sebastian Faulks, English novelist
  • April 22Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
  • April 24Eric Bogosian, American actor, playwright, monologist, and novelist
  • April 25Ron Clements, American animation director and producer
  • April 28
    • Roberto Bolaño, Chilean author (d. 2003)
    • Kim Gordon, American rock musician
  • April 29
    • Nikolai Budarin, Russian cosmonaut
    • Bill Drummond, South African-born Scottish musician (The KLF, The Timelords)
  • April 30Merrill Osmond, American pop singer

May

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Tony Blair

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Norodom Sihamoni

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Pierce Brosnan

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Danny Elfman

  • May 2Valery Gergiev, Russian/Ossetian conductor
  • May 4Salman Hashimikov, Soviet heavyweight wrestler
  • May 5Dieter Zetsche, German auto executive
  • May 6
    • Tony Blair, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    • Graeme Souness, Scottish footballer and manager
    • Lynn Whitfield, American actress
  • May 7Ian McKay, British soldier, (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • May 8Alex Van Halen, Dutch-born American rock musician
  • May 11David Gest, American entertainer, producer and television personality (d. 2016)
  • May 14
    • Michael Hebranko, American exemplar of morbid/mortal obesity (d. 2013)
    • Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
  • May 15
    • George Brett, American Major League Baseball player
    • Mike Oldfield, English composer
  • May 16Pierce Brosnan, Irish actor
  • May 19Victoria Wood, English comic performer (d. 2016)
  • May 20Robert Doyle, Australian politician
  • May 24Alfred Molina, English actor
  • May 26Michael Portillo, English politician
  • May 29
  • May 30Colm Meaney, Irish actor
  • May 31Kathie Sullivan, American singer

June

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Ivo Sanader

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Tim Allen

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Xi Jinping

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Lesley Nicol

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Benazir Bhutto

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Cyndi Lauper

  • June 1
    • David Berkowitz, American serial killer
    • Diana Canova, American actress and adjunct professor
  • June 2Keith Allen, British actor
  • June 3Erland Van Lidth De Jeude, Dutch-born wrestler, opera singer and actor (d. 1987)
  • June 4Susumu Ojima, Japanese entrepreneur
  • June 5Kathleen Kennedy, American film producer
  • June 7
    • Johnny Clegg, South African Zulu musician
    • Dougie Donnelly, Scottish television broadcaster
  • June 8Ivo Sanader, Croatian prime minister
  • June 10John Edwards, American politician
  • June 11 - Peter Bergman, American actor
  • June 12Michael Donovan, Canadian voice actor
  • June 13
    • Tim Allen, American actor and comedian
    • Atso Almila, Finnish conductor and composer
  • June 15
    • Antonia Rados, Austrian television journalist
    • Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and President of the People's Republic of China
  • June 19Lesley Nicol, English actress
  • June 20Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
  • June 21Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • June 22
    • Wim Eijk, Dutch archbishop
    • Cyndi Lauper, American singer
  • June 24
    • Vanessa Campbell, American actor and singer
    • Ivo Lill, Estonian artist
  • June 29
    • Don Dokken, American rock singer and musician
    • Colin Hay, Scottish-born Australian singer/songwriter

July

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Lawrence Gonzi

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Jean Bertrand-Aristide

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Najib Abdul Razak

  • July 1
    • Lawrence Gonzi, 11th Prime Minister of Malta
    • Jadranka Kosor, Croatian politician
  • July 6Nanci Griffith, American folk singer-songwriter
  • July 9François Diederich, Luxembourgish chemist
  • July 10Rik Emmett, singer\songwriter and lead guitarist of the Canadian rock band Triumph
  • July 11Mindy Sterling, American actress
  • July 13Gil Birmingham, Native American actor
  • July 14Bebe Buell, American model and singer
  • July 15
    • Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti
    • Mila Pivnicki, wife of Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • July 19Shōichi Nakagawa, Japanese politician (d. 2009)
  • July 21Jeff Fatt, purple Wiggle from 1991-2012
  • July 22Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress
  • July 23Najib Abdul Razak, current Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • July 24Claire McCaskill, U.S. Senator
  • July 25Tim Gunn, American fashion expert
  • July 27Yahoo Serious, Australian filmmaker
  • July 29
    • Ken Burns, American documentary filmmaker
    • Geddy Lee, Canadian rock musician (Rush)
  • July 31
    • Tōru Furuya, Japanese voice actor
    • James Read, American actor

August

File:Hulk Hogan.jpg

Hulk Hogan

File:Carlos Mesa, ex-President of Bolivia (cropped).jpg

Carlos Mesa

File:Hohlbein Wolfgang Autor floersheim main 290607.jpg

Wolfgang Hohlbein

File:Martin-manley (1).jpg

Martin Manley

  • August 1
    • Robert Cray, American musician
    • Steven Krasner, American sportswriter
  • August 2Butch Patrick, American child actor and musician
  • August 5Rick Mahler, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • August 8Nigel Mansell, English Formula One driver
  • August 9Jean Tirole, French Nobel Prize-winning economist
  • August 11Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler
  • August 12Carlos Mesa, President of Bolivia
  • August 14
    • Cliff Johnson, American game designer
    • James Horner, American film composer (d. 2015)
  • August 15
    • Wolfgang Hohlbein, German writer of science fiction, fantasy and horror fiction
    • Martin Manley, American sports writer and statistician (d. 2013)
    • Carol Thatcher, English television personality
    • Sir Mark Thatcher, English businessman
  • August 16Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
  • August 17Herta Müller, German Nobel Prize-winning writer
  • August 18Louie Gohmert, American politician
  • August 19Benoît Régent, French actor (d. 1994)
  • August 20Mike Jackson, former member of the Texas Senate
  • August 21Géza Szőcs, Hungarian poet and politician
  • August 24Ron Holloway, American tenor saxophonist
  • August 26Pat Sharkey, Irish footballer
  • August 27Alex Lifeson, Canadian rock musician (Rush)
  • August 29James Quesada, Nicaraguan-born anthropologist
  • August 30Robert Parish, American basketball player
  • August 31György Károly, Hungarian author

September

October

  • October 1
    • Grete Waitz, Norwegian athlete (d. 2011)
    • Klaus Wowereit, German politician
  • October 2Brandon Wilson, American author and explorer
  • October 4Kerry Sherman, American actress
  • October 7Tico Torres, American Drummer (Bon Jovi)
  • October 9Tony Shalhoub, American actor
  • October 12
    • Les Dennis, British comedian and television presenter
    • Serge Lepeltier, French politician
  • October 14Shelley Ackerman, American astrologer, actress, writer
  • October 15
    • Tito Jackson, African-American singer and guitarist (The Jackson 5)
    • Larry Miller, American actor and comedian
  • October 16Martha Smith, American model and actress
  • October 21
    • Keith Green, American-born Christian piano player (d. 1982)
    • Peter Mandelson, British politician and member of the Labour Party
    • Hugh Wolff, American orchestral conductor
  • October 22Loyiso Nongxa, South African mathematician
  • October 24
    • Christoph Daum, German football manager and former footballer
    • Steven Hatfill, American physician, virologist and bio-weapons expert
    • David Wright, British composer and producer, co-founder of AD Music
  • October 26Keith Strickland, American musician (The B-52's)
  • October 27
    • Peter Firth, British actor
    • Robert Picardo, American actor
  • October 29Lorelei King, American Actress a.k.a. Tabs Wildcat
  • October 31Michael J. Anderson, American actor

November

File:Launch Republique Solidaire 2010-06-19 n04.jpg

Dominique de Villepin

  • November 1Susan Tse, Hong Kong actress and opera singer
  • November 3Dennis Miller, American comedian and radio host
  • November 4
    • Carlos Gutierrez, American politician
    • Van Stephenson, American singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
  • November 5Florentino V. Floro, Filipino dwarf judge
  • November 7Ottfried Fischer, German actor and Kabarett artist
  • November 8John Musker, American animation director
  • November 11
    • Andy Partridge, British musician and frontman of the band XTC
    • Harley Venton, American actor
  • November 13
    • Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexican politician
    • Waswo X. Waswo, American photographer
    • Diana Weston, English actress
  • November 14Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France
  • November 15Alexander O'Neal, American singer
  • November 18
    • Alan Moore, English writer and magician
    • Kevin Nealon, American actor and comedian
    • Kath Soucie, American actress and most active in voice overs
  • November 19
    • Robert Beltran, American actor
    • Tom Villard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • November 23Francis Cabrel, French singer
  • November 24Tod Machover, American composer
  • November 25Graham Eadie, Australian rugby player
  • November 27Boris Grebenshchikov, Russian rock musician
  • November 29
    • Alex Grey, American artist
    • Vlado Kreslin, Slovenian singer
    • Christine Pascal, French actress, director and screenwriter (d. 1996)

December

File:Kim Basinger (1990) 2.jpg

Kim Basinger

Template:Double image

  • December 2Joel Fuhrman, American certified family physician
  • December 6
    • Tom Hulce, American actor and theater producer
    • Gary Ward, American baseball player
  • December 8
    • Kim Basinger, American actress and fashion model
    • Norman G. Finkelstein, American political scientist
    • Sam Kinison, American comedian (d. 1992)
  • December 9John Malkovich, American actor and film director
  • December 13
    • Ben Bernanke, American economist and former Federal Reserve System chairman
    • Bob Gainey, Canadian hockey player
  • December 14Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 4th Greek Minister for National Defence
  • December 17
    • Ikue Mori, Japanese drummer, composer, and graphic designer
    • Bill Pullman, American actor
  • December 18Khas-Magomed Hadjimuradov, Chechen bard
  • December 21András Schiff, Hungarian concert pianist and conductor
  • December 22
    • David Leisner, American guitarist and composer
    • BernNadette Stanis, American actress
  • December 26
    • Leonel Fernández, President of the Dominican Republic
    • Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia
  • December 28Tatsumi Fujinami, Japanese professional wrestler
  • December 29Stanley Williams, American gang member (d. 2005)
  • December 30
    • Dana Key, American Christian musician, guitarist and preacher (DeGarmo and Key) (d. 2010)
    • Meredith Vieira, American journalist and game show host
  • December 31James Remar, American actor

Date unknown

  • Sheila Andrews, American surburbian musician (d. 1984)
  • Jacques Gounon, French CEO, the Chairman of Eurotunnel
  • Peter Lord, British film producer and director
  • Jing Jing Luo, Chinese composer
  • Phil Ortiz, American animator

Deaths

January

File:Hank Williams MGM Records - cropped.jpg

Hank Williams

File:Portrait of the Right Hon. J. H. Scullin.png

James Scullin

  • January 1
  • January 4
    • Arthur Hoyt, American actor (b. 1874)
    • Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu, Japanese prince (b. 1902)
  • January 7Osa Johnson, American adventurer and documentary filmmaker (b. 1894)
  • January 8Charles Edward Merriam, American political scientist (b. 1874)
  • January 9Marguerite Pitre (aka Madame le Corbeau), Canadian murderer (b. 1909)
  • January 13Edward Marsh, English polymath and civil servant (b. 1872)
  • January 21Mary Mannering, early 20th century English stage actress (b. 1876)
  • January 28James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
  • January 30Lionel Belmore, English actor (b. 1867)

February

March

File:CroppedStalin1943.jpg

Joseph Stalin

File:K Gottwald.jpg

Klement Gottwald

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Queen Mary

File:Jim Thorpe, 1912 Summer Olympics.jpg

Jim Thorpe

  • March 2James Lightbody, American middle distance runner (b. 1882)
  • March 3James J. Jeffries, American boxing champion (b. 1875)
  • March 5
    • Herman J. Mankiewicz, American writer and producer (b. 1897)
    • Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (b. 1891)
    • Joseph Stalin, Soviet leader (b. 1878)
  • March 7Edward Sedgwick, American director (b. 1892)
  • March 13Johan Laidoner, Commander-in-chief of the Estonian Army (b. 1884)
  • March 14Klement Gottwald, 5th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1896)
  • March 20Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian writer (b. 1892)
  • March 23
    • Raoul Dufy, French painter (b. 1875)
    • Oskar Luts, Estonian writer and playwright (b. 1887)
  • March 24
    • Queen Mary, consort of George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
    • Paul Couturier, French priest (b. 1881)
  • March 28Jim Thorpe, Native-American athlete and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1887)
  • March 31Ivan Lebedeff, Russian actor (b. 1895)

April

  • April 2
    • Jean Epstein, French film director (b. 1897)
    • Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • April 4 – King Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
  • April 9
    • Eddie Cochems, American father of the forward pass in football (b. 1877)
    • Hans Reichenbach, German philosopher (b. 1891)
  • April 11Kid Nichols, American baseball player (Boston Braves) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1869)
  • April 20Erich Weinert, German writer, Communist, and member of the KPD (b. 1890)
  • April 27Maud Gonne, English-born Irish republican revolutionary, memoirist; former wife of John MacBride (b. 1866)
  • April 29Kiki de Montparnasse, French artists' model (b. 1901)

May

File:Django Reinhardt (Gottlieb 07301).jpg

Django Reinhardt

File:Damaso Berenguer.JPG

Damaso Berenguer

  • May 1Everett Shinn, American painter (b. 1876)
  • May 8Anna Rüling, German journalist, "the first known lesbian activist" (b. 1880)
  • May 16
    • Nicolae Rădescu, Romanian military officer and statesman, former Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1874)
    • Django Reinhardt, Belgian musician (b. 1910)
  • May 19Dámaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1873)
  • May 21Ernst Zermelo, German logician and mathematician (b. 1871)
  • May 27Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1868)
  • May 29Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)
  • May 30Dooley Wilson, American actor (b. 1886)
  • May 31Vladimir Tatlin, Soviet painter and architect (b. 1885)

June

File:Norman Ross Sr..JPG

Norman Ross

  • June 1Alex James, Scottish football (soccer) player (b. 1901)
  • June 5
    • William Farnum, American actor (b. 1876)
    • Bill Tilden, American tennis champion (b. 1893)
    • Roland Young, English actor (b. 1887)
  • June 9Godfrey Tearle, American actor (b. 1884)
  • June 15Henry Scattergood, American cricketer (b. 1877)
  • June 18René Fonck, French aviator, top Allied World War I Flying Ace (b. 1894)
  • June 19
    • Harold Cazneaux, Australian photographer (b. 1878)
    • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, American communist spies (b. 1918 and 1915, respectively) (executed on same day)
    • Norman Ross, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1896)
  • June 23Albert Gleizes, French artist and theoretician (b. 1881)
  • June 30Elsa Beskow, Swedish author and illustrator of children's books (b. 1874)

July

  • July 9Annie Kenney, British working-class suffragette (b. 1879)
  • July 11Oliver Campbell, American tennis player (b. 1871)
  • July 12Herbert Rawlinson, English actor (b. 1885)
  • July 16Hilaire Belloc, French-born British writer and historian (b. 1870)
  • July 17Maude Adams, American actress (b. 1872)
  • July 20Dumarsais Estimé, former President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • July 26Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general and politician, former Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1883)
  • July 29Richard William Pearse, New Zealand airplane pioneer (b. 1877)
  • July 31Robert A. Taft, American politician, United States Senate Majority Leader (b. 1889)

August

September

File:Mary Brewster Hazelton, est 1900-1910.png

Mary Brewster Hazelton

File:Edwin-hubble.jpg

Edwin Hubble

  • September 2 – General Jonathan Wainwright, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
  • September 5Francis Ford, American actor and director (b. 1881)
  • September 7Nobuyuki Abe, Japanese politician and military leader, former Prime Minister (b. 1875)
  • September 8Fred M. Vinson, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1890)
  • September 12
    • Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (b. 1884)
    • Lewis Stone, American actor (b. 1879)
  • September 13Mary Brewster Hazelton, American painter (b. 1868)
  • September 15Erich Mendelsohn, German architect (b. 1887)
  • September 17Wenxiu, consort of China's last emperor Puyi (b. 1909)
  • September 24Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 17th Duke of Alba, Spanish aristocrat (born 1878)
  • September 26Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
  • September 27Hans Fritzsche, senior Nazi official, one of only three acquitted at the Nuremberg trials (b. 1900)
  • September 28Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
  • September 30
    • Robert Mawdesley, British actor (b. 1900)
    • Lewis Fry Richardson, English mathematician, physicist, meteorologist, psychologist and pacifist (b. 1881)

October

November

File:Louise DeKoven Bowen.png

Louise DeKoven Bowen

  • November 5Harry A. Marmer, Ukrainian-born American mathematician and oceanographer (b. 1885)
  • November 8
    • Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
    • John van Melle, Dutch-born author (b. 1883)
  • November 9
    • Louise DeKoven Bowen, American philanthropist and activist (b. 1859)
    • King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia (b. 1876)
    • Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
  • November 18Ruth Crawford Seeger, American composer (b. 1901)
  • November 21Larry Shields, American musician (b. 1893)
  • November 22Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Indian/Pakistani historian, biographer, littérateur and scholar of Islam (b. 1884)
  • November 27Eugene O'Neill, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • November 28Rudolf Bauer, German-born painter (b. 1889)
  • November 29
    • Ernest Barnes, English mathematician, scientist and theologist (b. 1874)
    • Sam De Grasse, Canadian actor (b. 1875)
    • Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)
  • November 30Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1879)

December

File:Sukru Saracoglu.jpg

Sukru Saracoglu

  • December 5Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1911)
  • December 10Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (b. 1872)
  • December 14Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American writer (b. 1896)
  • December 19Robert Andrews Millikan, American physicist Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
  • December 21Nicholas H. Heck, American geophysicist, oceanographer, and surveyor (b. 1882)
  • December 23Lavrentiy Beria, Minister of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union (executed) (b. 1899)
  • December 25
    • William Haselden, English cartoonist (b. 1872)
    • Lee Shubert, Polish-born theater owner and operator (b. 1871)
  • December 27
    • Şükrü Saracoğlu, ex prime minister of Turkey (b. 1887)
    • Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (b. 1894)
  • December 31Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer (b. 1889)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsFrits (Frederik) Zernike
  • ChemistryHermann Staudinger
  • MedicineHans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
  • LiteratureSir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
  • PeaceGeorge Catlett Marshall

References

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Music

Singles

  1. Hound Dog Big Mama Thornton
  2. Kaw-Liga Hank Williams with His Drifting Cowboys
  3. Mess Around Ray Charles and His Orchestra