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Millennium:
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Decades:
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Years:
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1950 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Events

January

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  • January 1 – The International Police Association (IPA) – the largest police organization in the world – is formed.
  • January 5U.S. Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for an investigation of organized crime in the U.S.
  • January 6 – The UK recognizes the People's Republic of China; the Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response.
  • January 7 – A fire consumes Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa, killing 41 patients.
  • January 9 – The Israeli government recognizes the People's Republic of China.
  • January 11Huk guerrillas manhandle the town of Hermosa, Bataan in the Philippines.
File:Mount Lamington 1951.jpg

January 14: Mount Lamington erupts in New Guinea.

  • January 12
    • The British submarine Truculent collides with a Swedish oil tanker in the Thames Estuary and sinks; 64 die.
    • Cold War: U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson delivers his 'Perimeter Speech', outlining the boundary of U.S. security guarantees.
  • January 13 – Finland forms diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
  • January 17Great Brink's Robbery: Eleven thieves steal more than $2 million from the Brink's armored car company headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • January 21 – Accused communist spy Alger Hiss is convicted on 2 accounts
  • January 23 – The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
  • January 24Cold War: Klaus Fuchs, German émigré and physicist, confesses to an MI5 interrogator that he is a Soviet spy: For seven years, he passed top secret data on U.S. and British nuclear weapons research to the Soviet Union. Fuchs is formally charged on February 2.[1]
  • January 25Alger Hiss receives a five-year sentence following his conviction on two counts of perjury
  • January 26 – India promulgates its constitution, forming a republic, and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president. The Kingdom of Mysore is merged into the new republic.
  • January 29Lord Balfour criticizes the fact that rationing is still in force in Britain.
  • January 31
    • United States President Harry S. Truman orders the development of the hydrogen bomb, in response to the detonation of the Soviet Union's first atomic bomb in 1949.[2]
    • The last Kuomintang troops surrender in mainland China.
  • December – First five-year plan is tabled in the Parliament by Jawaharlal Nehru. It emphasizes Agricultural and Community development.

February

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  • February 1Chiang Kai-shek is re-elected as a president of the Republic of China.
  • February 4Ingrid Bergman's illegitimate child arouses ire in the U.S.
  • February 6 – First Cabinet Secretary N.R. Pillai appointed in India.
  • February 8 – Payment first made by Diners Club card, in New York, first use of a charge card.
  • February 9Second Red Scare: In his speech to the Republican Women's Club at the McClure Hotel in Wheeling, West Virginia, Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with 205 Communists.
  • February 11
    • Two Viet Minh battalions attack a French base in French Indochina.
    • Finland recognizes Indonesia.
  • February 12
    • Pro-communist riots erupt in Paris.
    • The European Broadcasting Union is founded.
    • Albert Einstein warns that nuclear war could lead to mutual destruction.
  • February 13
    • The U.S. Army begins to deploy anti-aircraft cannons to protect nuclear stations and military targets.
    • British Columbia B-36 crash – The U.S. Air Force loses a Convair B-36 bomber that carried a Mark 4 nuclear bomb off the west coast of Canada, and produces the world's first Broken Arrow.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • February 14Cold War:
    • The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
    • In an election speech at Edinburgh, Winston Churchill proposes "a parley at the summit" with Soviet leaders, first use of term "summit" for such a meeting.[3]
  • February 15
    • Juho Kusti Paasikivi is re-elected president of Finland.
    • Walt Disney releases his 12th animated film, Cinderella in Hollywood.
  • February 19Konrad Adenauer tries unsuccessfully to negotiate with East Germany to begin unification.
  • February 21Cunard liner RMS Aquitania arrives at the scrapyard in Faslane at the end of a 36-year career, the longest of any in the 20th Century.
  • February 23United Kingdom general election, 1950 : The Labour Party, led by Clement Attlee remains in office but the Tories, led by Winston Churchill increase their seats in the House of Commons.

March

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  • March 1
    • Klaus Fuchs is convicted in London of spying against both Britain and the United States for the Soviet Union, by giving to the latter top secret atomic bomb data.
    • Acting Chinese President Li Tsung-jen ends his term in office.
    • Chiang Kai-shek resumes his duties as Chinese president after moving his government to Taipei, Taiwan.
  • March 3 – Poland indicates its intention to exile all Germans.
  • March 8 – The first Volkswagen Type 2 (also known as the Microbus) rolls off the assembly line in Wolfsburg, Germany.
  • March 12 – A plane carrying returning rugby fans from Ireland to Wales crashes near Llandow, with the loss of 80 lives.
  • March 13Royal Question: Belgian monarchy referendum, 1950 – In Belgium, the referendum over the monarchy shows 57.7% support the return of King Léopold III, 42.3% against.
  • March 14 – The ship Cygnet hits a mine off the Dutch coast.
  • March 17University of California, Berkeley researchers announce the creation of element 98, which they name "Californium".
  • March 18 – The Belgian government collapses after the March 12 referendum favouring of the return from exile of King Léopold III.[4]
  • March 20 – The Polish government enacts a law to take possession of properties owned by Roman Catholic churches.[5]
  • March 22Egypt demands that Britain remove all its troops in the Suez Canal.
  • March 23 – The 22nd Academy Awards ceremony is held.

April

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  • April 14
    • Influential British comic Eagle is launched
    • NSC-68 is issued by the United States National Security Council
  • April 15 – Belgian King Leopold III announces that he is ready to abdicate in favor of his son Baudouin.
  • April 24Jordan formally annexes the West Bank
  • April 25 – Trial of alleged communist spy Judith Coplon commences in New York City
  • April 27
    • Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating the races.
    • Britain formally recognises Israel.

May

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  • May 1UNRWA operations begin.
  • May 5 – Coronation of Bhomibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) of Thailand at The Grand Palace in Bangkok.
  • May 6
    • The town of Cazin (Bosnia) rises up against Communist agrarian reforms.
    • Tollund Man is unearthed in Denmark.
  • May 9
    • Robert Schuman presents his proposal for the creation of a pan-European organisation, which he believes to be indispensable to the maintenance of permanently peaceful relations between the different nations of the continent. This proposal, known as the "Schuman Declaration", is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
    • L. Ron Hubbard publishes Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.
  • May 11 – The Kefauver Committee hearings into U.S. organized crime begin.
  • May 13 – The first race in the inaugural FIA Formula One World Championship is held at Silverstone, England.
  • May 14The Huntsville Times runs the headline "Dr. von Braun Says Rocket Flights Possible to Moon."
  • May 17Israeli Air Force Spitfires intercept a Royal Air Force Short Sunderland when it inadvertently crossed into Israeli airspace, forcing it to land at Lod Airport. The Sunderland's crew had been issued maps that did not depict Israel, as Britain had not recognized the Jewish State at the time the maps were issued.
  • May 22
    • Celâl Bayar becomes the third president of Turkey.
    • Adnan Menderes of DP forms the new government of Turkey (19th government)
  • May 24United States Maritime Administration (under Department of Commerce).
  • May 25 – The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel is formally opened to traffic.
  • May 29
    • St. Roch, the first ship to circumnavigate North America, arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    • The pilot series of the world's longest-running radio soap opera The Archers, is first broadcast on BBC Light Programme

June

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June 25: Korean War begins.

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  • June 1June 23Mauna Loa in Hawaii starts erupting.
  • June 3Annapurna I, 10th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
  • June 6Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • June 8 – Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • June 16Maracana Stadium, as well known for sports venues of Brazil, open in Rio de Janeiro, before opening 1950 FIFA World Cup.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • June 25Korean War begins: North Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into South Korea.
  • June 26 – The Parliament of South Africa passes the Suppression of Communism Act.
  • June 27Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman orders American military forces to aid in the defense of South Korea.
  • June 28
    • Korean War: North Korean forces capture Seoul but do not win the war.
    • Korean War: Hangang Bridge bombing: The South Korean army, in an attempt to defend Seoul, blows up the Hangang Bridge while it is crowded with refugees.
    • Korean War: Seoul National University Hospital massacre: the North Korean People's Army kills around 800 medical staff and patients.
    • Korean War: Bodo League massacre begins: South Korean armed forces and police summarily execute at least 100,000 suspected North Korean sympathizers.

July

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  • July 16Uruguay beat Brazil 2–1 to win the 1950 World Cup.
  • July 17 – The Suppression of Communism Act passed on June 26, comes into force in South Africa.

August

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  • August 5
    • 2 Squadron SAAF departs to take part in the Korean War.[6]
    • A bomb-laden B-29 Superfortress crashes into a residential area in California, killing 17 and injuring 68.
  • August 6 – Monarchist demonstrations lead to a riot in Brussels.
  • August 8
    • Florence Chadwick swims across the English Channel in 13 hours, 22 minutes.
    • Winston Churchill supports idea of a pan-European army allied with Canada and the U.S.
  • August 12
    • Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre.
    • In his encyclical Humani generis, Pope Pius XII declares evolution to be a serious hypothesis that did not contradict essential Catholic teachings.
  • August 15 – The 8.6 Mw Assam–Tibet earthquake shakes the region with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 1,500–3,300 people.
  • August 17
    • Korean War: In the Hill 303 massacre, 39 U.S. soldiers are executed after being captured in battle by North Korea.
  • August 22 – The Immaculate Heart of Mary Seminary is founded in Tagbilaran City, Philippines.
  • August 23 – Legendary singer-actor Paul Robeson, whose passport had recently been revoked because of his alleged Communist affiliations, meets with U.S. officials in an effort to get it reinstated. He is unsuccessful, and it is not reinstated until 1958.

September

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  • September 4
    • Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
    • The comic strip Beetle Bailey is created by Mort Walker.
  • September 7
    • A coal mine collapse in New Cumnock, Scotland, kills 13 miners; 116 are rescued.
    • The game show Truth or Consequences debuts on television.
  • September 8 – The Defense Production Act is enacted into law in the U.S., shaping American military contracting for the next 60 years.
  • September 9 – The U.S. state of California celebrates its centennial anniversary.
  • September 12 – Communist riots erupt in Berlin.
  • September 15Korean WarBattle of Inchon: Allied troops commanded by Douglas MacArthur land in Inchon, occupied by North Korea, to begin a U.N. counteroffensive.
  • September 19 – West Germany decides to purge communist officials.
  • September 22World Dance Council inaugurated.
  • September 26Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.
  • September 30NSC-68 is enacted by President Truman, setting U.S. foreign policy for the next 20 years.

October

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  • Turing test published.[7]
  • October 2 – The comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published in seven U.S. newspapers.
  • October 3Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is elected president of Brazil for a 5-year term.
  • October 5 – The Indonesian government quells riots in the Moluccas.
  • October 7
    • Battle of Chamdo: The incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China begins with the Chinese People's Liberation Army invading across the Jinsha River. By October 19 they will have taken the border town of Chamdo and the Tibetan army will have surrendered.
    • The Agate Pass Bridge opens for traffic in Washington State.
  • October 9Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre starts in South Korea.
  • October 11 – The Federal Communications Commission in the United States issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
  • October 15
  • October 19Korean War: The People's Republic of China enters the conflict by sending thousands of soldiers across the Yalu River.
  • October 20 – Australia passes the Communist Party Dissolution Act, which is later struck down by the High Court.
  • October 28Torcida Split is founded in support of the Association football club HNK Hajduk Split in SFR Yugoslavia.
  • October 29 – Upon the death of Gustaf V of Sweden, he is succeeded as king by his 68-year-old son Gustaf VI Adolf.
  • October 30 – The Jayuya Uprising is started by Puerto Rican Nationalists against the United States.

November

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  • November 1
    • Pope Pius XII witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" at the Vatican[8] and defines a new dogma of Roman Catholicism, the Munificentissimus Deus, which says that God took Mary's body into Heaven after her death (the "Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary").
    • Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate U.S. President Harry S. Truman, who is staying at the Blair-Lee House in Washington, D.C. during White House repairs.
  • November 4 – The United Nations ends the diplomatic isolation of Spain.
  • November 8Korean War: While in an F-80, United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown intercepts 2 North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shoots them down in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history.
  • November 10 – A U.S. Air Force B-50 Superfortress bomber, experiencing an in-flight emergency, jettisons and detonates a Mark 4 nuclear bomb over Quebec, Canada (the device lacked its plutonium core).
  • November 11 – The Mattachine Society is founded in Los Angeles as the first gay-liberation organization.
  • November 13
    • The President of Venezuela, Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is kidnapped and murdered in Caracas.
    • A Curtiss Reid Flying Services plane crashes while en route to Paris from Rome, killing all 52 on board.
  • November 17 – 15-year-old Tenzin Gyatso is formally enthroned as 14th Dalai Lama, becoming temporal ruler of Tibet.[9]
  • November 18 – The United Nations accepts the formation of the Libyan National Council.
  • November 20T. S. Eliot speaks against television in the UK.
  • November 22
    • Anti-British riots erupt in Egypt.
    • Shirley Temple announces her retirement from show business.
  • November 24 – A phenomenal winter storm ravages the northeastern United States, brings 30 to 50 inches of snow, temperatures below zero, and kills 323 people.
  • November 26Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launched a massive counterattack against South Korean and United Nations forces at the Ch'ongch'on River and the Chosin Reservoir, dashing any hopes for a quick end to the conflict.
  • November 28
    • Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic Development in South and South-East Asia
    • Greece and Yugoslavia reform diplomatic relations.
  • November 29 – The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA is founded.
  • November 30Douglas MacArthur threatens to use nuclear weapons in Korea.

December

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  • December 4Foley Square trial commences review in U.S. Supreme Court as Dennis v. United States
  • December 31 – The inaugural 12 Hours of Sebring endurance race is held.

Date unknown

  • Canadians Harry Wasylyk, Larry Hansen and Frank Plomp introduce the plastic bin bag for garbage collection.
  • Myxomatosis is introduced into Australia in an attempt to control the escalating rabbit population.
  • IBM Israel begins operating in Tel Aviv.
  • President Harry Truman sends United States military advisers to Vietnam to aid French forces.
  • France institutes a government-guaranteed minimum wage.
  • Knox's Translation of the Vulgate Old Testament (commissioned by the Catholic Church) is published.
  • Laos gets involved in the First Indochina War to overthrow the French Army.

World population

  • Total world population: 2,518,630,000
    • Africa: 221,214,000
    • Asia: 1,398,488,000
    • Europe: 547,403,000
    • Latin America: 167,097,000
    • North America: 171,616,000
    • Oceania: 12,812,000.

Births

January

File:Victoria Principal at the 39th Emmy Awards cropped.jpg

Victoria Principal

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Richard Dean Anderson

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Jörg Haider

  • January 2
    • Débora Duarte, Brazilian actress
    • David Shifrin, American classical clarinetist
  • January 3Victoria Principal, American actress
  • January 5
    • John Manley, Canadian politician
    • Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur and inventor
  • January 6
    • Louis Freeh, American Director of the FBI
    • Thomas J. Pickard, American Acting Director of the FBI
  • January 7
    • Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer, songwriter and philanthropist (d. 2016)
    • Erin Gray, American actress
  • January 9Alec Jeffreys, British geneticist, who developed techniques for DNA fingerprinting and DNA profiling
  • January 10Ernie Wasson, American gardener and writer
  • January 12
    • Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician
    • Dorrit Moussaieff, Israeli-born British businesswoman; First Lady of Iceland
  • January 14Jagadguru Rāmabhadrācārya, Hindu religious leader
  • January 16Debbie Allen, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • January 17
    • Steve Cuozzo, American writer and columnist
    • Cristina Galbó, Spanish actress
    • Honey Irani, Indian film actress and screenwriter
    • Luis López Nieves, Puerto Rican writer
  • January 18Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver (d. 1982)
  • January 20Edward Hirsch, American poet
  • January 21Billy Ocean, West Indian-born musician
  • January 22Pamela Salem, British actress
  • January 23Richard Dean Anderson, American actor
  • January 24
    • Daniel Auteuil, French actor
    • Gennifer Flowers, American actress, connected to Bill Clinton
    • Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian-born American author and scholar
  • January 26
    • Jörg Haider, Austrian politician (d. 2008)
    • Janet Lupo, American model
  • January 27
    • Derek Acorah, British spiritualist and medium
    • Ulrich Deppendorf, German journalist and television presenter
  • January 29
    • Ann Jillian, American actress
    • Jody Scheckter, South African race car driver
    • Miklós Vámos, Hungarian writer and screenwriter
  • January 30Trinidad Silva, American actor (d. 1988)

February

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Morgan Fairchild

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Peter Gabriel, Ex-Genesis

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Julie Walters

File:Kirchner marzo 2007 Congreso.jpg

Nestor Kirchner

  • February 1Kazimierz Nycz, Polish clergyman
  • February 3Morgan Fairchild, American actress
  • February 6
    • Natalie Cole, American singer (d. 2015)
    • Timothy Michael Dolan, Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of New York.
  • February 10Mark Spitz, American Olympic swimmer
  • February 12
    • Steve Hackett, British songwriter and guitarist
    • Michael Ironside, Canadian actor
  • February 13Peter Gabriel, British rock musician and was lead singer of Genesis
  • February 15Tsui Hark, Hong Kong film director
  • February 16
    • Peter Hain, British politician
    • Roman Tam, Renowned Cantopop singer (d. 2002)
  • February 18
    • John Hughes, American film director, producer and writer (d. 2009)
    • Cybill Shepherd, American actress
  • February 20
    • Ken Shimura, Japanese television performer and actor
    • Tony Wilson, English impresario (d. 2007)
  • February 22
    • Julius Erving, American basketball player
    • Miou-Miou, French actress
    • Julie Walters, English actress
  • February 25
    • Neil Jordan, Irish film director, writer, and producer
    • Néstor Kirchner, President of Argentina (d. 2010)
  • February 26
    • Helen Clark, Prime Minister of New Zealand
    • Bill Ritter, American news anchor

March

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Rick Perry

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William H. Macy

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William Hurt

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Ron Perlman

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Jay Leno

  • March 2Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (d. 1983)
  • March 4Rick Perry, Governor of Texas
  • March 9Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
  • March 10Carlos Roberto Flores, President of Honduras
  • March 11
    • Bobby McFerrin, American singer
    • Jerry Zucker, American film producer, director, and writer
  • March 12Javier Clemente, Spanish football player and manager
  • March 13William H. Macy, American actor
  • March 18Brad Dourif, American actor
  • March 20William Hurt, American actor
  • March 22
    • Hugo Egon Balder, German actor and television presenter
    • Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player (d. 2012)
  • March 26
    • Teddy Pendergrass, American singer (d. 2010)
    • Martin Short, Canadian-born comedian
    • Alan Silvestri, American composer and conductor
  • March 28
    • Claudio Lolli, Italian singer-songwriter
    • Jeffrey Miller, Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970)
  • March 29Mory Kanté, Guinean musician
  • March 30
    • Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian
    • David Janson, British actor
  • March 31Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor

April

  • April 1Samuel Alito, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • April 3Sally Thomsett, English actress
  • April 4Christine Lahti, American actress
  • April 5
    • Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish pop singer and songwriter (ABBA)
    • Harpo, Swedish pop musician
  • April 8Grzegorz Lato, Polish footballer
  • April 10Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player
  • April 12
    • Joyce Banda, née Mtila, President of Malawi
    • David Cassidy, American actor and singer
  • April 13Ron Perlman, American actor
  • April 14Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer
  • April 15Josiane Balasko, French actress/writer/director
  • April 17Bruce McNall, American businessman
  • April 20Steve Erickson, American novelist
  • April 22
    • Peter Frampton, English rock musician
    • Thierry Zéno, Belgian filmmaker
  • April 25Lenora Fulani, American presidential candidate
  • April 28Jay Leno, American comedian and talk show host
  • April 29Paul Holmes, New Zealand radio and television broadcaster (d. 2013)

May

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Googoosh

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Stevie Wonder

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Thomas Gottschalk

  • May 5Googoosh, Iranian singer and actress
  • May 7Tim Russert, American journalist (d. 2008)
  • May 11Jeremy Paxman, English journalist
  • May 12
    • Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor
    • Ching Hai, Vietnamese born Taiwanese author, spiritual leader and jewelry designer
    • Billy Squier, American musician
  • May 13
    • Bobby Valentine, American baseball manager
    • Stevie Wonder, American musician
  • May 14Jill Stein, American politician, activist
  • May 15Renate Stecher, German athlete
  • May 16Georg Bednorz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • May 18Thomas Gottschalk, German radio and television host, entertainer and actor
  • May 18Mark Mothersbaugh, American composer, artist, and singer (Devo)
  • May 29Rebbie Jackson, American singer
  • May 31Gregory Harrison, American actor and director

June

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Nouri al-Maliki

  • June 3
    • Deniece Williams, American singer
    • Melissa Mathison, American screenwriter (d. 2015)
    • Suzi Quatro, American singer-songwriter
  • June 5Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and political activist (d. 1977)
  • June 7Howard Finkel, American ring announcer
  • June 8Kathy Baker, American actress
  • June 11Graham Russell, English singer and musician (Air Supply)
  • June 13Belinda Bauer, Australian actress
  • June 14Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • June 15Lakshmi Mittal, Indian industrialist
  • June 20Nouri al-Maliki, 74th Prime Minister of Iraq
  • June 21
    • Joey Kramer, American musician
    • Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and musician
  • June 22Zenonas Petrauskas, Lithuanian lawyer and politician (d. 2009)
  • June 24Nancy Allen, American actress
  • June 25
    • Nitza Saul, Israeli actress
    • Marcello Toninelli, Italian writer
  • June 29
    • Simone Gbagbo, ICC criminal, former Ivorian politician and First Lady
    • Don Moen, American singer and musician
  • June 30Leonard Whiting, British actor

July

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Victor Yanukovych

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Derek de Lint

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Jack Layton

  • July 5Huey Lewis, American rock singer
  • July 9Viktor Yanukovych, President of Ukraine
  • July 11Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani Nuclear physicist and social activist
  • July 12Eric Carr, Former Kiss drummer and musician (d. 1991)
  • July 13Ma Ying-jeou, current President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • July 17Derek de Lint, Dutch actor
  • July 18
    • Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
    • Glenn Hughes, American vocalist (d. 2001)
    • Jack Layton, Canadian politician (d. 2011)
  • July 19
    • Simon Cadell, British actor (d. 1996)
    • Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance
    • Freddy Moore, American musician
  • July 20William Knox Schroeder, Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970)
  • July 26Susan George, British actress
  • July 27Simon Jones, English actor
  • July 29Jenny Holzer, American conceptual artist

August

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Anne, Princess Royal

  • August 1
    • Bunkhouse Buck, American professional wrestler
    • Roy Williams, American basketball coach
  • August 3
    • John Landis, American film director
    • Jo Marie Payton, American actress
    • Ernesto Samper, President of Colombia
  • August 5Rosi Mittermaier, German ski racer
  • August 7Alan Keyes, American conservative political activist
  • August 8
    • Lucjan Lis, Polish-German cyclist (d. 2015)
    • Ken Kutaragi, ex-C.E.O of Sony Computer Entertainment
  • August 9Nicole Tourneur, French novelist (d. 2011)
  • August 11
    • Erik Brann, American musician (Iron Butterfly) (d. 2003)
    • Gennadiy Nikonov, Russian weapon designer
  • August 12Iris Berben, German actress
  • August 15
    • Anne, Princess Royal, British Princess and daughter of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh
    • Neil J. Gunther, Australian/American physicist and computer scientist
    • Tom Kelly, American baseball manager
    • Andres Serrano, American photographer
  • August 16
    • Hasely Crawford, West Indian athlete
    • Marshall Manesh, Persian actor
  • August 19Sudha Murthy, Indian social worker and author
  • August 22Scooter Libby, American political adviser
  • August 26
    • Carl Deuker, American author
    • Annette Badland, English actor
  • August 27Charles Fleischer, American actor, stand-up comedian and voice artist

September

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Narendra Modi

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Bill Murray

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Randy Quaid

  • September 1
    • Mikhail Fradkov, Russian politician and Prime Minister of Russia (2004–2007)
    • Phil McGraw, American TV psychologist
  • September 2
    • Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
    • Yuen Wah, Hong Kong actor
  • September 7
    • Johann Friedrich, German-Australian engineer and conman
    • Julie Kavner, American actress
  • September 8Mark Gable, Australian singer and songwriter (The Choirboys)
  • September 10Joe Perry, American rock guitarist (Aerosmith)
  • September 14
    • Paul Kossoff, British rock guitarist (Free) (d. 1976)
    • Masami Kuwashima, Japanese race car driver
  • September 16
    • Henry Louis Gates, American literary critic
    • Loyd Grossman, American television presenter and chef
  • September 17Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India
  • September 19Joan Lunden, American television broadcaster and journalist
  • September 21
    • Charles Clarke, British politician
    • Bill Murray, American actor and comedian
  • September 22Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
  • September 24Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
  • September 27Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese actor
  • September 28John Sayles, American director and screenwriter

October

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Jakaya Kikwete

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Abdullah Gül

  • October 1
    • Boris Morukov, Russian astronaut (d. 2015)
    • Randy Quaid, American actor and comedian
  • October 3Pamela Hensley, American actress
  • October 5Jeff Conaway, American actor (d. 2011)
  • October 7Jakaya Kikwete, 4th President of Tanzania
  • October 9Jody Williams, American teacher and aid worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • October 10Nora Roberts, American novelist
  • October 12
    • Edward Bloor, American novelist
    • Kaga Takeshi, Japanese actor
    • Pilar Pilapil, Filipina actress
  • October 16Cecil Bothwell. American atheist writer and politician
  • October 17
    • Howard Rollins, American actor (d. 1996)
    • Dean Shek, Hong Kong actor
  • October 18Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
  • October 19 – Bishop Bill Ray, 10th Bishop of North Queensland
  • October 20Tom Petty, American rock singer
  • October 22Bill Owens, Governor of Colorado
  • October 25Chris Norman, English singer (Smokie)
  • October 28
    • Annette Humpe, German singer, bands Ideal and Ich + Ich
    • Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • October 29Abdullah Gül, 11th President of Turkey
  • October 30Louise DuArt, American comedian and impersonator
  • October 31
    • John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
    • Jane Pauley, American television broadcaster and journalist

November

File:Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg

Chuck Schumer

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Ed Harris

  • November 1Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 3Massimo Mongai, Italian author
  • November 4Charles Frazier, American novelist
  • November 6Kenny Marks, American Christian musician
  • November 9Maravillas Rojo, Catalan politician
  • November 10
    • Debra Hill, American producer (d. 2005)
    • Bob Orton, Jr., American professional wrestler
  • November 12Barbara Fairchild, American country and gospel singer
  • November 13Mary Lou Metzger, American singer and dancer
  • November 16David Leisure, American actor
  • November 17Roland Matthes, German swimmer
  • November 21Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
  • November 22Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • November 23Chuck Schumer, American politician, U.S. Senator (D-Ny.) since 1999; cousin of comedian Amy Schumer
  • November 24Stanley Livingston, American actor
  • November 28
    • Ed Harris, American actor and film director
    • Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

December

  • December 1
    • Manju Bansal, Indian molecular biologist
    • Richard Keith [birth name Keith Thibodeaux], American child actor
  • December 2
    • Amin Saikal, Australian academic professor
    • Benjamin Stora, French historian
    • Paul Watson, founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
  • December 5Camarón de la Isla, Spanish singer (d. 1992)
  • December 9Joan Armatrading, St. Kitts-born English singer-songwriter
  • December 10Tom Towles, American actor (d. 2015)
  • December 12
    • Heiner Flassbeck, German economist, professor, publicist, political counselor and State secretary
    • Rajinikanth, Indian actor
  • December 13Wendie Malick, American actress
  • December 15Sylvester James Gates, American theoretical physicist
  • December 16Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (d. 2006)
  • December 17Laurence F. Johnson, American futurist and educator
  • December 18Leonard Maltin, American film critic
  • December 19Manny Trillo, Venezuelan-born American baseball player
  • December 23
    • Vicente del Bosque, Spanish footballer and manager
    • Michael C. Burgess, American politician
  • December 25Ed Hochuli, American football official
  • December 28Alex Chilton, American rock musician (The Box Tops) (d. 2010)
  • December 29Jon Polito, American actor (d. 2016)

Deaths

January

File:George Orwell press photo.jpg

George Orwell

File:Alan Hale 1921.jpg

Alan Hale, Sr.

  • January 2
    • Emil Jannings, Swiss-born German actor (b. 1884)
    • Anthony Prusinski, American politician (b. 1901)
  • January 7
    • Monty Banks, Italian comedian and director (b. 1897)
    • Alfonso Daniel Rodríguez Castelao, Galician politician, writer, painter and doctor (b. 1886)
  • January 8Joseph Schumpeter, Czech economist and political scientist (b. 1883)
  • January 11James A. Colescott, former Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan (b. 1897)
  • January 15Henry H. Arnold, American five-star general (b. 1886)
  • January 17Seiichi Hatano, Japanese philosopher (b. 1877)
  • January 18Horace Rice, Australian tennis player (b. 1872)
  • January 20Ray Duggan, Australian-English speedway rider (b. 1913)
  • January 21George Orwell, English author (b. 1903)
  • January 22Alan Hale, Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
  • January 23Vasil Kolarov, Bulgarian Communist politician, former provisional head of State and 33rd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1877)

February

File:Ferdinand Schmutzer - Karl Seitz, 1925.jpg

Karl Seitz

March

File:Albert Lebrun 1932 (2).jpg

Albert Lebrun

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R98911, Heinrich Mann.jpg

Heinrich Mann

File:Léon Blum Meurisse b 1927.jpg

Leon Blum

  • March 2Rosli Dhobi, famous Malay Sarawakian (b. 1932)
  • March 5
    • Sid Grauman, American restaurateur (b. 1895)
    • Edgar Lee Masters, American poet (b. 1868)
  • March 6
    • Albert Lebrun, President of France (b. 1871)
    • Harry Redfern, English architect (b. 1861)
  • March 10Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (b. 1902)
  • March 11
    • Heinrich Mann, German novelist (b. 1871)
    • Brock Pemberton, American theatrical producer (b. 1885)
  • March 15Carl Storck, 3rd president of the National Football League (b. 1892)
  • March 19
    • Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (b. 1875)
    • Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
  • March 22Emmanuel Mounier, French philosopher (b. 1905)
  • March 24
    • James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
    • Harold Laski, British political theorist and economist (b. 1893)
  • March 25Frank Buck, American animal collector (b. 1884)
  • March 30
    • Léon Blum, French statesman and 128th Prime Minister of France (b. 1872)
    • Joe Yule, Scottish-born entertainer; father of Mickey Rooney (b. 1894)

April

File:RECEP PEKER.jpg

Recep Peker

  • April 1F. O. Matthiessen, American historian and literary critic (b. 1902)
  • April 2Recep Peker, Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1889)
  • April 3Kurt Weill, German-born composer (b. 1900)
  • April 7Walter Huston, American actor (b. 1884)
  • April 8Vaslav Nijinsky, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1889)
  • April 10Fevzi Çakmak, Turkish military officer and statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1876)
  • April 11Bainbridge Colby, United States Secretary of State (b. 1869)
  • April 16Henry J. Knauf, American politician (b. 1891)
  • April 26G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
  • April 27
    • Hobart Cavanaugh, American character actor (b. 1886)
    • Karel Koželuh, Czech tennis player (b. 1895)

May

  • May 1Lothrop Stoddard, American eugenicist (b. 1883)
  • May 9Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist, and engineer (b. 1883)
  • May 10Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer, and archivist (b. 1883)
  • May 11Cedric Holland, British admiral (b. 1889)
  • May 20John Gould Fletcher, American poet (b. 1886)
  • May 24Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British field marshal (b. 1883)

June

File:Melitta Bentz.jpg

Melitta Bentz

  • June 3Ahmad Tajuddin, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1913)
  • June 4
    • George Cecil Ives, German-English poet, writer, penal reformer and early gay-rights campaigner. (b.1867)
    • Kazys Grinius, 3rd President of Lithuania (b. 1866).
  • June 9Denis Auguste Duchêne, French general (b. 1862)
  • June 22Jane Cowl, American actress (b. 1883)
  • June 24Darwan Singh Negi, Indian VC recipient (b. 1881)
  • June 29Melitta Bentz, German entrepreneur, who invented the coffee filter in 1908 (b. 1873)

July

File:King1941Two.jpg

William Lyon Mackenzie King

  • July 1Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1873)
  • July 7Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1923)
  • July 8Helen Holmes, American actress (b. 1893)
  • July 10Richard Maury, American naturalized Argentine engineer (b. 1882)
  • July 11Buddy DeSylva, American songwriter (b. 1895)
  • July 12Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • July 17Evangeline Booth, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1865)
  • July 21Rex Ingram, American director (b. 1892)
  • July 22William Lyon Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • July 28Kevin Budden, amateur Australian herpetologist (b. 1930)

August

File:Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg

Arturo Alessandri Palma

  • August 8Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (b. 1881)
  • August 19Black Elk, Wičháša Wakȟáŋ (Medicine Man or Holy Man) of the Ogala Teton Lakota (Western Sioux) (b. 1863)
  • August 22Kirk Bryan, American geologist (b. 1888)
  • August 23Frank Phillips, American oil executive (b. 1873)
  • August 24Arturo Alessandri Palma, Chilean statesman, 3-Time President of Chile (b. 1868)
  • August 26Ransom E. Olds, American automotive pioneer (b. 1864)
  • August 27Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (b. 1908)

September

October

File:Gustaf V av Sverige.jpg

Gustaf V of Sweden

November

File:George Bernard Shaw notebook.jpg

George Bernard Shaw

December

File:Enrico Mizzi.JPG

Enrico Mizzi

File:Karl Renner 1905.jpg

Karl Renner

  • December 2Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (b. 1917)
  • December 4Jesse L. Brown, first African-American aviator in the United States Navy (killed in action) (b. 1926)
  • December 5Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru (b. 1872)
  • December 11Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer (b. 1893)
  • December 12Peter Fraser, 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1884)
  • December 15 – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian political leader (b. 1875)
  • December 20Enrico Mizzi, 6th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1885)
  • December 23Walton Walker, American general (b. 1889)
  • December 27Max Beckmann, German painter (b. 1884)
  • December 31Karl Renner, Austrian Social Democrat politician and 4th President of Austria (b. 1870)

Unknown

  • Laura Anning Bell, British artist (b. 1867)
  • T. Sathasiva Iyer, Ceylon Tamil scholar and a writer in Tamil language (b. 1882)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsCecil Frank Powell
  • ChemistryOtto Paul Hermann Diels, Kurt Alder
  • MedicineEdward Calvin Kendall, Tadeusz Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
  • LiteratureEarl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell
  • PeaceRalph Bunche

References

  1. Christopher Andrew, Defend the Realm: The Authorized History of MI5 (Random House Digital, 2009), pp. 387-88
  2. "Year by Year 1950" – History Channel International
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  5. Marian S. Mazgaj, Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 (McFarland, 2010) pp. 55-56
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