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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1949 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1949
MCMXLIX
Ab urbe condita2702
Armenian calendar1398
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԸ
Assyrian calendar6699
Bahá'í calendar105–106
Balinese saka calendar1870–1871
Bengali calendar1356
Berber calendar2899
British Regnal year13 Geo. 6 – 14 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2493
Burmese calendar1311
Byzantine calendar7457–7458
Chinese calendar戊子(Earth Rat)
4645 or 4585
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4646 or 4586
Coptic calendar1665–1666
Discordian calendar3115
Ethiopian calendar1941–1942
Hebrew calendar5709–5710
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2005–2006
 - Shaka Samvat1870–1871
 - Kali Yuga5049–5050
Holocene calendar11949
Igbo calendar949–950
Iranian calendar1327–1328
Islamic calendar1368–1369
Japanese calendarShōwa 24
(昭和24年)
Javanese calendar1880–1881
Juche calendar38
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4282
Minguo calendarROC 38
民國38年
Nanakshahi calendar481
Thai solar calendar2492
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
2075 or 1694 or 922
    — to —
阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
2076 or 1695 or 923

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the , the 49th year of the , and the 10th and last year of the decade.

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Events

January

  • January 1 – UN sponsored ceasefire brings an end to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. The war results in a stalemate and the division of Kashmir, which is still continuing as of 2017.
  • January 2Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • January 4RMS Caronia of the Cunard Line departs Southampton for New York on her maiden voyage.
  • January 4February 22 – Series of winter storms in Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota, Utah, Colorado and Nevada – winds of up to 72 mph – tens of thousands of cattle and sheep perish.
  • January 5 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
  • January 11Los Angeles receives its first recorded snowfall.
  • January 16Şemsettin Günaltay forms the new government of Turkey. (18th government, last single party government of CHP)
File:VW Standard,Bj1950 2005-09-17.jpg

January 17: Beetle in U.S.

  • January 17 – The first VW Type 1 to arrive in the United States, a 1948 model, is brought to New York by Dutch businessman Ben Pon. Unable to interest dealers or importers in the Volkswagen, Pon sells the sample car to pay his travel expenses. Only two 1949 models were sold in America that year, convincing Volkswagen chairman Heinrich Nordhoff the car had no future in the U.S. (The Type 1 went on to become an automotive phenomenon.)
  • January 19 – The Poe Toaster first appears at the grave of Edgar Allan Poe.
  • January 20Harry S. Truman is sworn in for a full term as President of the United States.
  • January 25
    • Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA or COMECON) established by Soviet Union and other communist nations.
    • The first Emmy Awards are presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.
    • In the first Israeli election, David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
  • January 26Australian citizenship comes into being and the Constitution of India was prepared.
  • January 31 – Forces from the Communist Party of China enter Beijing.

February

  • February 1Rationing of clothes ends in Britain.
  • February 1 – Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus (b. 1928) asserts that the orbits of all the planets of the Solar System were within the same 90° arc of the Solar System on this date. The next time it is thought this will occur is on May 6, 2492.
  • February 10Arthur Miller's tragedy Death of a Salesman opens at the Morosco Theatre in New York City and runs for 742 performances.
  • February 11London Mozart Players perform their first concert at the Wigmore Hall, London.
  • February 13António Óscar Carmona is re-elected president of Portugal for lack of an opposing candidate.
  • February 17Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel.
  • February 19Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
  • February 22
    • Cincinnati Gardens opens in Cincinnati.
    • Grady the Cow, a 1,200-pound cow, gets stuck inside a silo on a farm in Yukon, Oklahoma and garners national media attention in the United States.
  • February 28 – Margaret Roberts, the future Margaret Thatcher, is adopted as the Conservative candidate for Dartford. She will go on to fight two elections in the constituency unsuccessfully in 1950 and 1951.

March

  • March 1
    • World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires.
    • Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • March 2 – The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II under Captain James Gallagher lands in Fort Worth, Texas, after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight (it was refueled in flight 4 times).
  • March 17 – The Shamrock Hotel in Houston, Texas, owned by oil tycoon Glenn McCarthy, has its grand opening.
  • March 20 – The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, Denver and Rio Grande Western, and Western Pacific railroads inaugurate the California Zephyr passenger train between Chicago and Oakland, California, as the first long distance train to feature Vista Dome cars as regular equipment.
  • March 21WTVJ signs on the air in Miami, Florida as the first station in the state.
  • March 24 – The 21st Academy Awards ceremony is held. The movie Hamlet wins the Academy Award for Best Picture.
  • March 25Operation Priboi: An extensive deportation campaign begins in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltic states to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
  • March 26 – The first half of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Aida, conducted by legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini, and performed in concert (i.e. no scenery or costumes), is telecast by NBC, live from Studio 8H at Rockefeller Center. The second half is telecast a week later. This is the only complete opera that Toscanini ever conducts on television.
  • March 28
    • United States Secretary of Defense James Forrestal resigns suddenly.
    • English astronomer Fred Hoyle coins the term Big Bang during a BBC Third Programme radio broadcast.[1][2][3]
  • March 31 – The former British colony of Newfoundland joins Canada as its 10th province.

April

  • April 1 – The Tokyo Stock Exchange is founded.
  • April 4 – The North Atlantic Treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., creating the NATO defense alliance.
  • April 7Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific, starring Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza, opens on Broadway and goes on to become R&H's second longest-running musical. It becomes an instant classic of the musical theatre. The score's biggest hit is the song "Some Enchanted Evening".
  • April 8Kathy Fiscus, 3½ years old, dies from falling down an abandoned well in San Marino, California.
  • April 14 – The day the N'Ko alphabet is held to have been completed by Solomana Kante.
  • April 18 – Ireland leaves the British Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland.
  • April 20 – The Royal Navy frigate HMS Amethyst goes up the Yangtze river to evacuate British Commonwealth refugees escaping the advance of Mao's Communist forces. Under heavy fire, she grounds off Rose Island. After an abortive rescue attempt on April 26, she anchors 10 miles upstream. Negotiations with the Communists to let the ship leave drag on for weeks, during which time the ship's cat Simon raises the crew's morale.
  • April 23 – Chinese Communist troops take Nanjing.
  • April 27British Commonwealth of Nations renamed The Commonwealth.
  • April 28
    • The Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference issues the London Declaration, enabling India (and, thereafter, any other nation) to remain in the British Commonwealth despite becoming a republic, creating the position of 'Head of the Commonwealth', and renaming the organisation as the 'Commonwealth of Nations'.
    • Former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
  • April 29 – The News Review reveals that neither the English public school Selhurst College nor its headmaster H. Rochester Sneath exist, but are a hoax created by Humphry Berkeley.

May

  • May 1Nereid, a moon of Neptune, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper.
  • May 4Superga air disaster: The Fiat G.212 airliner of Avio Linee Italiane carrying the entire Torino F.C. football team, crashes into the back wall of the Basilica of Superga, killing all 31 on board.
  • May 5 – The Council of Europe is founded by the signing of the Treaty of London.
  • May 6EDSAC, the first practicable stored-program computer, runs its first program at Cambridge University.[4]
  • May 9Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco, upon the death of his maternal grandfather Louis II.
  • May 11
    • Israel is admitted to the United Nations as its 59th member.
    • Siam officially changes its French name to "Thaïlande" (English name to "Thailand"), having officially changed its Thai name to "Prated Thai" since 1939.
  • May 12Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts the Berlin Blockade.
  • May 20
    • The AFSA (predecessor of the NSA) is established.
    • The Kuomintang regime declares Taiwan under martial law.
  • May 22 – After two months in Bethesda Naval Hospital, James Forrestal commits suicide, under circumstances that seem suspicious to many.
  • May 23 – The Federal Republic of Germany is established.
  • May 31 – First trial of Alger Hiss for perjury begins in New York with Whittaker Chambers as principal witness for the prosecution, but would end in a jury deadlock (8 for, 4 against)

June

  • June 2 – Transjordan changes name to the Kingdom of Jordan.
  • June 5Thailand elects Orapin Chaiyakan, the first Thai female member of Thailand's Parliament.
  • June 6 – With the passage of the Bodh Gaya Temple Act by the Indian government, Mahabodhi Temple is restored to partial Buddhist control.
  • June 8
    • Red Scare: Celebrities including Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
    • George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published in London.
  • June 14 – Albert II, a rhesus monkey, becomes the first primate to enter space, on U.S. Hermes project V-2 rocket Blossom IVB, but is killed on impact at return.
  • June 19Glenn Dunaway wins the inaugural NASCAR race at Charlotte Speedway, a 3/4 mile oval in Charlotte, North Carolina, but is disqualified due to illegal springs. Jim Roper is declared the official winner.
  • June 24 – The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, airs on NBC.
  • June 29
    • Dock workers strike in the UK.
    • Apartheid: The South African Citizenship Act suspends the granting of citizenship to British Commonwealth immigrants after 5 years and imposes a ban on mixed marriages.

July

  • July 1 – The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is established.
  • July 11Pamir is the last commercial sailing ship to round Cape Horn under sail alone.
  • July 19 – The Kingdom of Laos is officially formed but is not independent from the French Army.
  • July 20Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 19-month war.
  • July 27 – The de Havilland Comet, world's first jet-powered airliner, makes its first flight.
  • July 27 – Rhodesia beats the New Zealand All Blacks 10-8 in Bulawayo. It is the only non-Test nation to achieve this feat.Template:Clarify
  • July 30 – Birth of legal aid in England and Wales.
  • July 31 – Captain Kerans of the HMS Amethyst decides to make a break after nightfall, under heavy fire from the Chinese People's Liberation Army on both sides of the Yangtze river, and successfully rejoins the fleet at Woosung the next day.

August

File:Joe one.jpg

Soviets detonate their first nuclear weapon.

  • August 3 – The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League finalize the merger that would create the National Basketball Association.
  • August 5 – The 6.8 ML Ambato earthquake kills more than 5,000 and destroys a number of villages in Ecuador.
  • August 8Bhutan becomes independent.
  • August 12 – The Fourth Geneva Convention is agreed to.
  • August 14
    • The Salvatore Giuliano Gang explodes mines under a police barracks outside Palermo, Sicily.
    • A military coup in Syria ousts the president.
  • August 21Deportivo Saprissa enters Costa Rica – soccer's first division.
  • August 22 – The Queen Charlotte earthquake is Canada's largest earthquake since the 1700 Cascadia earthquake.
  • August 24North Atlantic Treaty Organization established.
  • August 28 – The last 6 surviving veterans of the American Civil War meet in Indianapolis.
  • August 29
    • The Council of Europe meets for the first time.
    • The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, code named "Joe 1". Its design imitates the American plutonium bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945.
  • August 31 – The retreat of the Greek Democratic Army in Albania after its defeat at Mount Grammos marks the end of the Greek Civil War.

September

  • September 2Film noir The Third Man, with screenplay by Graham Greene and set in Allied-occupied Vienna, is released in the United Kingdom; it wins the 1949 Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival.
  • September 6
    • Howard Unruh, a World War II veteran, kills thirteen neighbors in Camden, New Jersey with a souvenir Parabellum P.08 pistol to become America's first single-episode mass murderer.
    • Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to Germany.
File:Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg

Konrad Adenauer.

  • September 7 – The Federal Republic of Germany is officially founded. Konrad Adenauer is the first federal chancellor.
  • September 9
    • Albert Guay affair: A dynamite bomb destroys Canadian Pacific Airlines Douglas DC-3 in Quebec.
    • Notorious World War II veteran Edwin Alonzo Boyd commits his first career bank robbery in Toronto.
  • September 13 – The Soviet Union vetoes United Nations membership for Ceylon, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Jordan and Portugal.
  • September 17 – The Canadian steamship Template:SS burns in Toronto Harbour with the loss of over 118 lives.
  • September 19 – The United Kingdom government devalues the pound sterling from $4.03 to $2.80, leading to many other currencies being devalued.
  • September 23 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that the Soviet Union has tested the atomic bomb.
  • September 24László Rajk, ex-foreign minister of Hungary, is sentenced to death.
  • September 29
    • The First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference approves a design for the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
    • Iva Toguri D'Aquino is found guilty of broadcasting for Japan as "Tokyo Rose" during World War II.

October

File:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

October 1: People's Republic of China is founded.

  • October 1 – The People's Republic of China is officially proclaimed.
  • October 2 – The Soviet Union recognizes the People's Republic of China.
  • October 3Albanian Subversion: First Anglo-American attempt to infiltrate guerillas into Albania; the operation is fatally flawed by being under the control of double agent Kim Philby.
  • October 7 – The Democratic Republic of Germany (East Germany) is officially established.
  • October 13 – Severe flooding hits Guatemala.
  • October 14Foley Square trial of Eugene Dennis and ten other leaders of the Communist Party USA ends in New York City (the longest trial in US history to this date); all defendants are found guilty and all but one sentenced to five years of prison.
  • October 16Greek Civil War ends with a communist surrender.
  • October 17 – Chinese communist troops take Guangzhou.
  • October 24 – The cornerstone of the Headquarters of the United Nations on Manhattan is laid.
  • October 27
    • Chinese communist troops fail to take Quemoy in the Battle of Kuningtou; their advance towards Taiwan is halted.
    • 1949 Air France Lockheed Constellation crash: An Air France flight from Paris to New York crashes in the Azores on São Miguel Island, killing all aboard. Among the victims are violinist Ginette Neveu and French boxer Marcel Cerdan.

November

File:Soekarno.jpg

Dec. 16: Sukarno, first President of Indonesia

  • November 15Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mohandas Gandhi.
  • November 17 – Second trial of Alger Hiss begins in New York, again with Whittaker Chambers as principal witness
  • November 24 – The ski resort in Squaw Valley, Placer County, California officially opens.
  • November 26 – The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India's constitution [1].
  • November 28Winston Churchill makes a landmark speech in support of the idea of a European Union at Kingsway Hall, London.[5]

December

  • December 7 – The government of the Republic of China finishes its evacuation to Taiwan, and declares Taipei its temporary capital city.
  • December 8United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) established as a UN agency.
  • December 10Robert Menzies elected prime minister of Australia.
  • December 14Traicho Kostov, ex-vice prime minister of Bulgaria, is sentenced to death.
  • December 15 – A typhoon strikes a fishing fleet off Korea, killing several thousand.
  • December 16Sukarno is elected president of the Republic of Indonesia.
  • December 17Burma recognizes the People's Republic of China.
  • December 18 – In the NFL, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Los Angeles Rams 14-0 to win the championship.
  • December 27 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants Indonesia sovereignty.
  • December 30 – India recognizes the People's Republic of China.

Date unknown

File:Currywurst-1.jpg

Currywurst

  • The Currywurst is invented in Berlin.
  • The Malta Labour Party is founded.
  • The Vatican announces that bones uncovered in its subterranean catacombs could be those of the apostle Peter; 19 years later, Pope Paul VI announces confirmation that the bones belong to this first Pope.[6]
  • The first 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun prototypes are completed.
  • 1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA.[7]
  • Joseph Stalin launches a savage attack on Soviet Jews, accusing them of being pro-Western and antisocialist.
  • Samuel Putnam publishes his new translation of Don Quixote, the first in contemporary English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print.
  • Fernand Braudel's La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II is published.
  • Volkswagen Type 2 Bus is introduced.

Births

January

File:George Foreman 2009.jpg

George Foreman

File:Pat Musick.JPG

Pat Musick

  • January 1
    • Vehbi Akdağ, Turkish wrestler
    • Max Azria, French fashion designer
  • January 2Christopher Durang, American playwright
  • January 3Sylvia Likens, American murder victim (d. 1965)
  • January 7Chavo Guerrero Sr., professional wrestler
  • January 8Wolfgang Puck, Austrian chef
  • January 9Mary Roos, German singer
  • January 10
    • George Foreman, American boxer
    • Linda Lovelace, American actress (d. 2002)
  • January 11Daryl Braithwaite, Australian singer
  • January 12
    • Ottmar Hitzfeld, German football player and coach
    • Haruki Murakami, Japanese author
    • Wayne Wang, Hong Kong-born film director
  • January 13Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997)
  • January 14Lawrence Kasdan, American director and screenwriter
  • January 15Panos Mihalopoulos, Greek actor
  • January 16Caroline Munro, English actress and model
  • January 17
    • Andy Kaufman, American comedian and actor (d. 1984)
    • Gyude Bryant, Liberian politician (d. 2014)
  • January 18Philippe Starck, French designer
  • January 19
    • Robert Palmer, English singer (d. 2003)
    • Dennis Taylor, Irish snooker player
  • January 20Göran Persson, former Prime Minister of Sweden
  • January 22Steve Perry, American rock singer
  • January 24
    • John Belushi, American actor and comedian (d. 1982)
    • Nikolaus Brender, German television journalist
  • January 26David Strathairn, American actor
  • January 28Gregg Popovich, American basketball coach
  • January 29
    • Pat Musick, American voice actress
    • Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-American drummer (Ramones) (d. 2014)
    • Tommi Salmelainen, Helsinki, FIN
  • January 30Peter Agre, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • January 31
    • Johan Derksen, Dutch footballer and sports journalist
    • Ken Wilber, American philosopher

February

File:Andreas Nikolaus Lauda 2011.jpg

Niki Lauda

File:Flair TNA.jpg

Ric Flair

March

File:EM02035cropped-1.jpg

Eddie Money

File:Shaukat Aziz.jpg

Shaukat Aziz

Template:Double image

File:Patrick Duffy at PaleyFest 2013.jpg

Patrick Duffy

  • March 2
    • Gates McFadden, American actress and choreographer
    • Eddie Money, American rock guitarist and singer
    • J.P.R. Williams, Welsh rugby player
  • March 3
    • Gloria Hendry, African-American actress
    • Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player (d. 2011)
  • March 5Franz Josef Jung, German politician
  • March 6
    • Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister of Pakistan
    • Martin Buchan, Scottish footballer
  • March 7Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • March 9
    • Kalevi Aho, Finnish composer
    • Tapani Kansa, Finnish singer
  • March 10Larry Wall, American computer programmer
  • March 11Georg Schramm, German psychologist and Kabarett artist
  • March 12
    • Rob Cohen, American film director, producer and writer
    • Natalia Kuchinskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • March 13Julia Migenes, American soprano
  • March 16
    • Erik Estrada, American actor and police officer
    • Victor Garber, Canadian actor
    • Elliott Murphy, American singer-songwriter
  • March 17
    • Patrick Duffy, American actor
    • Pat Rice, Irish footballer and football manager
  • March 18Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player (d. 2010)
  • March 19
    • Hirofumi Hirano, Japanese politician and Chief Cabinet Secretary
    • Valery Leontiev, Soviet and Russian actor-singer
  • March 20Marcia Ball, American blues musician
  • March 21Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian philosopher
  • March 22Fanny Ardant, French actress
  • March 23Ric Ocasek, American rock musician
  • March 24Nick Lowe, English pop singer
  • March 26
    • Jon English, English-born Australian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2016)
    • Vicki Lawrence, American comedian and game show hostess
    • Patrick Süskind, German writer
  • March 28Ronnie Ray Smith, American Olympic athlete (d. 2013)
  • March 29Michael Brecker, American jazz musician (d. 2007)
  • March 30
    • Elijah Harper, Canadian Aboriginal activist
    • Lene Lovich, American singer
    • Naomi Sims, American model and businesswoman

April

File:Zygmunt Zimowski.jpg

Zygmunt Zimowski

File:Bernd Eichinger (cropped).jpg

Bernd Eichinger

File:Lange April 2008.jpg

Jessica Lange

File:György Gedó.jpg

Gyorgy Gedo

File:Antonio Guterres 1-1.jpg

Antonio Guterres

  • April 1
    • Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
    • Sammy Nelson, Northern Irish footballer
    • Gil Scott-Heron, American musician and composer (d. 2011)
  • April 2Pamela Reed, American actress
  • April 3Richard Thompson, English musician and songwriter
  • April 4Parveen Babi, Bollywood Actress (d. 2005)
  • April 6Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • April 7Zygmunt Zimowski, Polish bishop (d. 2016)
  • April 8
    • Brenda Russell, American-Canadian singer, songwriter and keyboardist
    • Fanie de Jager, South African operatic tenor
  • April 10Daniel Mangeas, French bicycle commentator
  • April 11Bernd Eichinger, German film producer and director (d. 2011)
  • April 13Christopher Hitchens, English-American writer (d. 2011)
  • April 14John Shea, American actor
  • April 15
    • Alla Pugacheva, Russian musical performer
    • Aleksandra Ziółkowska-Boehm, Polish-born writer
  • April 16Sandy Hawley, Canadian jockey
  • April 18
    • Geoff Bodine, American race car driver
    • Bengt Holmström, Finnish-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • April 19Sergey Nikolayevich Volkov, Russian figure skater (d. 1990)
  • April 20
    • Veronica Cartwright, English-born American actress
    • Jessica Lange, American actress
  • April 21Patti LuPone, American actress
  • April 23
    • Joyce DeWitt, American actress
    • Gyorgy Gedo, Hungarian Olympic boxer
  • April 24Véronique Sanson, French singer and songwriter
  • April 26Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
  • April 28Bruno Kirby, American actor (d. 2006)
  • April 30António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations

May

File:Billy Joel Shankbone NYC 2009.jpg

Billy Joel

File:Garciaalan09112006-1.jpg

Alan García Pérez

  • May 2Alan Titchmarsh, English gardener
  • May 3Leopoldo Luque, Argentine soccer player
  • May 4John Force, American race car driver
  • May 9
    • Billy Joel, American singer-songwriter and pianist
    • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, military President of Niger (d. 1999)
  • May 13
    • Zoë Wanamaker, American-British actress
    • Tomohisa Asō, Japanese voice actor
  • May 14Sverre Årnes, Norwegian writer
  • May 18
  • May 19
    • Dusty Hill, American bassist (ZZ Top)
    • Archie Manning, former American football player, father of Peyton and Eli Manning
  • May 20Dave Thomas, Canadian actor and comedian
  • May 22Chris Butler, American musician and songwriter (The Waitresses)
  • May 23Alan García Pérez, President of Peru
  • May 24
    • Jim Broadbent, English actor
    • Tomaž Pisanski, Slovenian mathematician
  • May 26
    • Jeremy Corbyn, British politician
    • Pam Grier, American actress
    • Philip Michael Thomas, American actor
    • Hank Williams, Jr., American country singer
  • May 27Jo Ann Harris American actress
  • May 29Francis Rossi, English rock guitarist/singer (Status Quo)
  • May 31Tom Berenger, American actor

June

Template:Double image

File:Lionel Richie 2012 2.jpg

Lionel Richie

File:Meryl Streep by Jack Mitchell.jpg

Meryl Streep

  • June 2Heather Couper, British astronomer
  • June 4Mark B. Cohen, Pennsylvania legislative leader
  • June 8Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist
  • June 10Bora Dugić, Serbian musician and flautist
  • June 11Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
  • June 13Ann Druyan, American popular science writer
  • June 14
    • Carlos María Abascal, Mexican lawyer (d. 2008)
    • Harry Turtledove, American historian and novelist
    • Papa Wemba, Congolese soukous musician (d. 2016)
  • June 15
    • Russell Hitchcock, English singer and musician (Air Supply)
    • Jim Varney, American actor (d. 2000)
  • June 16Robbin Thompson, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • June 17Andrei Fursenko, Russian politician, scientist and businessman
  • June 18
    • Jarosław Kaczyński, Prime Minister of Poland
    • Lech Kaczyński, President of Poland (d. 2010)
    • Prince Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
  • June 19Hassan Shehata, Egyptian footballer and coach
  • June 20Lionel Richie, American urban musician and was lead singer of Commodores
  • June 21
    • John Agard, Guyanese poet, playwright and children's writer
    • Jane Urquhart, Canadian author
  • June 22
    • Alan Osmond, American pop singer
    • Meryl Streep, American actress
    • Elizabeth Warren, American academic, politician, and U.S. Senator (D-Mass.) since 2013
  • June 25Kene Holliday, American actor
  • June 27Vera Wang, American fashion designer
  • June 30Andy Scott, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist

July

File:Noli de castro.jpg

Noli de Castro

File:Michael Richards (1993)-flipped.jpg

Michael Richards

File:Thaksin DOD 20050915.jpg

Thaksin Shinawatra

  • July 1John Farnham, Australian singer, recording artist and entertainer
  • July 2David Eaton, American composer, conductor and producer
  • July 3
    • Jan Smithers, American actress
    • Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American vocalist (d. 2006)
  • July 4Horst Seehofer, German conservative politician
  • July 6Noli de Castro, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator, Vice President of the Philippines
  • July 7Shelley Duvall, American actress
  • July 9
    • Jesse Duplantis, American televangelist
    • Nigel Lythgoe, English television producer and personality
  • July 11
    • Émerson Leão, Brazilian footballer
    • Ingrid Newkirk, English-born American-based animal rights activist
  • July 13Helena Fibingerová, Czech athlete
  • July 15
    • Carl Bildt, Prime Minister of Sweden and Minister for Foreign Affairs
    • Trevor Horn, English pop singer and producer
    • Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Arab sheikh, Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Emir of Dubai, billionaire businessman and racehorse owner
  • July 17
    • Geezer Butler, English heavy metal bassist (Black Sabbath)
    • William C. Faure, South African film director
    • Charley Steiner, American sportscaster
  • July 22
    • Alan Menken, American composer
    • Lasse Virén, Finnish long-distance runner
  • July 24Michael Richards, American actor and comedian
  • July 26
    • Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand and businessman
    • Roger Taylor, English rock musician (Queen)
  • July 29Jamil Mahuad, President of Ecuador
  • July 31Mike Jackson, American basketball player

August

File:Fernando collor.jpg

Fernando Collor de Mello

File:Richard Gere MFF 2015.jpg

Richard Gere

  • August 4John Riggins, American football player
  • August 6Alan Campbell, Northern Irish cleric
  • August 7Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze
  • August 11Sandra Scheuer, Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970)
  • August 12
    • Fernando Collor de Mello, 32nd President of Brazil
    • Mark Essex, American mass murderer (d. 1973)
    • Mark Knopfler, British rock guitarist (Dire Straits)
  • August 14Morten Olsen, Danish football player and manager
  • August 15Beverly Lynn Burns, American pilot, first woman in the world to captain the Boeing 747
  • August 16Barbara Goodson, American actress/voice actress
  • August 17Sue Draheim, American fiddler (d. 2013)
  • August 20Phil Lynott, Irish rock musician (d. 1986)
  • August 21
    • Loretta Devine, American actress
    • Daniel Sivan, Israeli professor
  • August 23
    • Shelley Long, American actress
    • Rick Springfield, Australian rock singer and actor
  • August 24Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005)
  • August 25
    • Martin Amis, English novelist
    • Gene Simmons, American rock musician (Kiss)
  • August 28Svetislav Pešić, Serbian basketball player and coach
  • August 30Peter Maffay, German singer
  • August 31
    • Richard Gere, American actor
    • H. David Politzer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

September

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Gloria Gaynor

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Bill O'Reilly

File:EdBegleyJrAAFeb09.jpg

Ed Begley, Jr

File:Bruce Springsteen - Roskilde Festival 2012.jpg

Bruce Springsteen

  • September 1Leslie Feinberg, American transgender activist
  • September 7
    • Lee McGeorge Durrell, American author, television presenter, and zookeeper
    • Gloria Gaynor, American singer
  • September 9
    • Alain Mosconi, French swimmer, Olympic medalist and previous world record holder
    • Joe Theismann, American football player
    • Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of Indonesia
  • September 10Bill O'Reilly, American conservative radio and television commentator
  • September 13John W. Henry, American foreign exchange advisor, Boston Red Sox owner
  • September 14Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer
  • September 15Joe Barton, American politician
  • September 16Ed Begley, Jr. American actor and environmentalist
  • September 17Didith Reyes, Filipina singer (d. 2008)
  • September 18
    • Mo Mowlam, British politician (d. 2005)
    • Peter Shilton, English goalkeeper
  • September 19
    • Chrisye, Indonesian pop singer and songwriter (d. 2007)
    • Twiggy, English model
    • Richard Rogler, German Kabarett artist and professor of Kabarett at the University of the Arts in Berlin
  • September 22Dean Goss, American game show announcer and disc jockey
  • September 23Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter
  • September 25Inshan Ali, West Indian cricketer (d. 1995)
  • September 26Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • September 27Mike Schmidt, American baseball player

October

File:Sigourney Weaver2.jpg

Sigourney Weaver

File:Benjamin Netanyahu portrait.jpg

Benjamin Netanyahu

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Arsène Wenger

File:Caitlyn Jenner.jpeg

Caitlyn Jenner

  • October 1Isaac Bonewits, American author and occultist
  • October 2
    • Richard Hell, American musician and writer
    • Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • October 4Armand Assante, American actor
  • October 6Bobby Farrell, West Indian-born Dutch dancer (Boney M.) (d. 2010)
  • October 7Ronnie Mund, American television personality
  • October 8
  • October 12
    • Carlos the Jackal, Venezuelan-born international terrorist
    • Stan Hansen, American professional wrestler
  • October 14
    • Katy Manning, English actress
    • Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • October 17Bill Hudson, American musician
  • October 20Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian athlete
  • October 21Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel
  • October 22Arsène Wenger, French football (soccer) manager
  • October 26Antonio Carpio, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • October 27Cheryl Keeton, American murder victim (d. 1986)
  • October 28Caitlyn Jenner, American transgender track and field athlete and reality star
  • October 30Pramod Mahajan, Indian politician and strategist (d. 2006)

November

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Pierre Buyoya

  • November 1
    • Jeannie Berlin, American film actress
    • David Foster, Canadian musician, record producer, composer, singer, songwriter and arranger
    • Belita Moreno, American film actress
  • November 3Larry Holmes, American boxer
  • November 5
    • Armin Shimerman, American actor
    • Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
  • November 6Joseph C. Wilson, former United States diplomat
  • November 7
    • Aiswarya, Queen of Nepal (d. 2001)
    • Judi Bari, American environmental activist (d. 1997)
  • November 8Bonnie Raitt, American country singer and guitarist
  • November 15David Rubinstein, American pianist and composer
  • November 17John Boehner, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • November 19Ahmad Rashād, American sportscaster and television personality
  • November 22Shaun Garnett, English footballer and coach
  • November 24
    • Nick Ainger, British politician
    • Pierre Buyoya, former President of Burundi
  • November 25
    • Mike Joy, NASCAR commentator
    • Kerry O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer and commentator
  • November 26
    • Shlomo Artzi, Israeli singer
    • Juanin Clay, American actress (d. 1995)
  • November 28
    • Alexander Godunov, Russian-born dancer and actor (d. 1995)
    • Paul Shaffer, Canadian-American musician
  • November 29
    • Jerry Lawler, American professional wrestler and commentator
    • Stan Rogers, Canadian musician (d. 1983)
    • Garry Shandling, American comedian (d. 2016)

December

File:Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg

Sebastian Pinera

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Jeff Bridges

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Bill Nighy

File:Don Johnson-1.jpg

Don Johnson

File:Maurice gibb.jpg

Maurice Gibb

  • December 1
    • Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord (d. 1993)
    • Sebastián Piñera, President of Chile
    • Kurt Schmoke, American Dean, Howard Law School, Mayor of Baltimore
  • December 3John Akii-Bua, Ugandan hurdler (d. 1997)
  • December 4
    • Jeff Bridges, American actor
    • Pamela Stephenson, New Zealand-born comedian, actress, and singer
  • December 7
    • James Rivière, Italian jeweler and designer
    • Tom Waits, American singer, composer, and actor
    • Cathy Wayne, Australian pop entertainer (d. 1969)
  • December 8Mary Gordon, American writer
  • December 12Bill Nighy, English actor
  • December 13
    • Robert Lindsay, English actor
    • Randy Owen, American country lead vocalist, rhythm guitar player
    • Tom Verlaine, American rock singer/guitarist
  • December 14Bill Buckner, American baseball player
  • December 15Don Johnson, American actor
  • December 16Billy Gibbons, American guitarist (ZZ Top)
  • December 17Paul Rodgers, British rock singer
  • December 19Sebastian, Danish musician
  • December 20Claudia Jennings, American model (d. 1979)
  • December 22
  • December 24Randy Neugebauer, American politician
  • December 25
    • Simone Bittencourt de Oliveira, Brazilian singer
    • Sissy Spacek, American actress
    • Joe Louis Walker, American musician
    • Nawaz Sharif, Current Pakistani Prime Minister
  • December 26José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • December 27Klaus Fischer, German footballer
  • December 28Barbara De Fina, American film producer

Date Unknown

  • Ali Al-Zein, Lebanese actor and voice actor
  • Suthep Po-ngam, Thai comedian, actor, film director and screenwriter
  • Mu Tiezhu, Chinese basketball player and coach (d. 2008)

Deaths

January

February

File:Elleryclark.jpg

Ellery Harding Clark

  • February 1Herbert Stothart, American composer (b. 1885)
  • February 6Hiroaki Abe, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
  • February 12 – Imam Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906) (assassinated)
  • February 17Ellery Harding Clark, American athlete (b. 1874)
  • February 18Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, Spanish politician, former president of the II Republic (b. 1877)
  • February 21Tan Malaka, Indonesian nationalist activist and communist leader (b. 1894)

March

File:Bergius.jpg

Friedrich Bergius

April

  • April 1Evelyn Owen, Australian gun designer (b. 1915)
  • April 6Seymour Hicks, British actor (b. 1871)
  • April 8Wilhelm Adam, German general (b. 1877)
  • April 15Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)
  • April 18Will Hay, English comedian and actor (b. 1888)
  • April 19Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (b. 1877)
  • April 22Charles Middleton, American actor (b. 1874)
  • April 28Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (shot) (b. 1888)

May

File:Prince Louis II of Monaco 05670r.jpg

Louis II of Monaco

  • May 6Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • May 9Louis II, Prince of Monaco (b. 1870)
  • May 19Paul Schultze-Naumburg, German architect, painter, publicist and politician (b. 1869)
  • May 22
    • James Forrestal, U.S. Secretary of Navy and Defense (b. 1892)
    • Klaus Mann, German writer (b. 1906)
  • May 23Jan Frans De Boever, Belgian painter (b. 1872)
  • May 27Robert Ripley, American creator of Ripley's Believe It or Not! (b. 1890)

June

  • June 10
    • Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
    • Carl Vaugoin, Austrian politician, former Chancellor (b. 1873)
  • June 14Russell Doubleday, American author and publisher (b. 1872)
  • June 19Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian/Pakistani Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • June 25Buck Freeman, American baseball player (b. 1871)

July

File:Douglas Hyde 2.jpg

Douglas Hyde

  • July 2Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian Communist leader and Prime Minister (b. 1882)
  • July 9Fritz Hart, English-born composer (b. 1874)
  • July 12Douglas Hyde, 1st President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • July 18Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
  • July 26Linda Arvidson, American actress (b. 1884)

August

File:Margaret Mitchell NYWTS.jpg

Margaret Mitchell

  • August 5Ernest Fourneau, French chemist and pharmacologist (b. 1872)
  • August 9
    • Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (b. 1874)
    • Gustavus M. Blech, German-American physician and surgeon (b. 1870)
    • Harry Davenport, American actor (b. 1866)
    • G. E. M. Skues, British inventor of nymph fly fishing (b. 1858)
  • August 16Margaret Mitchell, American writer (b. 1900)
  • August 17Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist and politician (b. 1891)
  • August 18Paul Mares, American musician (b. 1900)
  • August 23Domingo Díaz Arosemena, President of Panama (b. 1875)
  • August 30Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • August 30Sevasti Qiriazi, Albanian educator and women's rights activist (b. 1871)

September

File:Max Liebermann Bildnis Richard Strauss.jpg

Richard Strauss

File:Pandeli Evangjeli.jpg

Pandeli Evangjeli

October

  • October 1Buddy Clark, American singer (b. 1911)
  • October 14Fritz Leiber, American actor (b. 1882)
  • October 15
    • Elmer Clifton, American actor and director (b. 1890)
    • László Rajk, Hungarian Communist politician, former Foreign Minister (executed) (b. 1909)
  • October 23
    • Almanzo Wilder, American writer, and husband of Laura Ingalls Wilder (b. 1857)
    • John Robert Clynes, British trade unionist and Labour politician (b. 1869)
  • October 27
    • Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)
    • Ginette Neveu, French violinist (b. 1919)
  • October 29George Gurdjieff, Russian spiritual teacher (b. 1866)
  • October 31Edward Stettinius, Jr., U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1900)

November

  • November – María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide, head of the Imperial House of Mexico (b. 1872)
  • November 2
    • William Desmond, Irish actor (b. 1878)
    • Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (b. 1872)
  • November 3Solomon R. Guggenheim, American philanthropist (b. 1861)
  • November 5Abdolhossein Hazhir, 54th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1899)
  • November 11Mun Bhuridatta, Thai Buddhist monk (b. 1871)
  • November 15Nathuram Godse, assassin of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1910), and his accomplice, Narayan Apte (b. 1911)
  • November 19James Ensor, Belgian painter (b. 1860)
  • November 25Bill Robinson, American dancer (b. 1878)
  • November 30 – Dame Irene Vanbrugh, English actress (b. 1872)

December

File:Jack Lovelock 1936b.jpg

Jack Lovelock

Date unknown

  • Zhang Haipeng, Chinese general (executed) (b. 1867)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsYukawa Hideki
  • ChemistryWilliam Francis Giauque
  • MedicineWalter Rudolf Hess and António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
  • LiteratureWilliam Faulkner
  • PeaceJohn Boyd Orr

References

  1. "'Big bang' astronomer dies". BBC News. August 22, 2001. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. Croswell, Ken (1995). "Chapter 9". The Alchemy of the Heavens. Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-47213-7.
  3. Mitton, Simon (2005). Fred Hoyle: a Life in Science. Aurum Press. p. 127. ISBN 1-85410-961-8.
  4. "Pioneer computer to be rebuilt". Cam. 62: 5. 2011.
  5. "Address given by Winston Churchill (London, 28 November 1949)". european navigator The first digital library on the history of Europe. November 28, 1949. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
  6. "Year by Year 1949" – History Channel International.
  7. From Harding to Hiroshima by Barrington Boardman (1988), p. 14. ISBN 0-934878-94-3
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