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1948 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Events

January

File:1948 Winter Olympics logo.png

1948 Winter Olympics

  • January 1
    • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) inaugurated.
    • Railways of Britain are nationalized to form British Railways.
    • The Constitution of the Italian Republic goes into effect.
    • The latest Constitution of New Jersey goes into effect.
  • January 4Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister.
  • January 5Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel (Tournament of Roses Parade and the Rose Bowl).
  • January 7Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a supposed UFO.
  • January 12Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi to stop communal violence during the Partition of India.
  • January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java.
  • January 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France and the Benelux countries to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, a predecessor to NATO.
  • January 26 – Teigin poison case: a man masquerading as a doctor poisons 12 of 16 bank employees of the Tokyo branch of Imperial Bank and takes the money; artist Sadamichi Hirasawa is later sentenced to death for the crime, but is never executed.
  • January 29
    • The Pakistan Socialist Party is founded in Karachi.
    • DC-3 aircraft crash at Los Gatos Creek, near Coalinga, California, kills four US citizens and 28 deportees, commemorated in a protest song ("Deportee (Plane Wreck at Los Gatos)") by Woody Guthrie.
  • January 30
    • Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi: Indian pacifist and leader Mahatma Gandhi is shot by Nathuram Godse in New Delhi. Also on this day Orville Wright of the pioneering aviators the Wright Brothers dies in Dayton, Ohio.
    • 1948 Winter Olympics open in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
  • January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya.[1]

February

  • February 1
  • February 4 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) becomes an independent kingdom within the British Commonwealth.
  • February 16Miranda, the innermost moon of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper.[2]
  • February 18Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government since 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán O'Kelly.
  • February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta.
  • February 21 – The stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France, Sr.
  • February 22 – The first Ben Yehuda Street bombing kills between 49 and 58 civilians and injures between 140 and 200.
  • February 25 – The Communist Party seizes control of Czechoslovakia, a day celebrated by that regime as "Victorious February" (Template:Lang-cz; Template:Lang-sk) until November 1989.
  • February 28Riots take place in Accra, capital of the British colony of Gold Coast, when a peaceful protest march by ex-servicemen was broken up by police, leaving several members of the group dead, among them Sergeant Adjetey, one of the leaders.

March

  • March 8McCollum v. Board of Education: The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution.
  • March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins.
  • March 16 – The largest flood in the history of Brampton, Ontario, occurs.[3]
  • March 17
    • Treaty of Brussels signed by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, providing for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence.
    • The Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded in California.
  • March 18 – The Round Table Conference in The Hague, Netherlands for the preparation of the decolonization process for Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. Aruba presents the mandate of the Aruban People for Aruba to become an Independent Country, under the souvereignty of the House of Orange, based on Aruba's first state constitution presented officially since August 1947, and a (4th) Member State of the future Dutch Commonwealth.
  • March 20
    • Singapore holds its first elections.
    • Renowned Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini makes his television debut, conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in an all-Wagner program in the United States.
    • The 20th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles. Gentleman's Agreement wins the Academy Award for Best Picture.

April

  • April 1 – Physicists Ralph Asher Alpher and George Gamow publish the Alpher–Bethe–Gamow paper about the Big Bang.[4]
  • April 3
    • United States President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
    • Jeju Uprising – residents revolt on Jeju island, South Korea, eventually leading to the deaths of between 14,000 and 30,000.
    • Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is played on television in its entirety for the first time in a series of concerts featuring Arturo Toscanini conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in the United States. The chorus is conducted by Robert Shaw.
  • April 51947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine: Haganah launches Operation Nachshon; beginning of the 1948 Palestinian exodus.
  • April 7
    • The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
    • A fire in a Buddhist monastery in Shanghai kills 20 monks.
  • April 9
    • Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further 10 years of violence (La Violencia) across Colombia.
    • The Deir Yassin massacre takes place in British Mandatory Palestine.
  • April 13 – The Hadassah medical convoy massacre takes place in British Mandatory Palestine.
  • April 16 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is founded as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).
  • April 18Italian general election, 1948:: The first democratic general election with universal suffrage is held in Italy. The Christian Democracy party achieves a majority over the Popular Democratic Front Communist-Socialist coalition.

April 19

May

  • May – The RAND Corporation is established as an independent nonprofit policy research and analysis institution.
  • May 4Laurence Olivier's film version of Hamlet makes its world premiere in London.
  • May 11Luigi Einaudi becomes President of the Italian Republic.
File:Declaration of State of Israel 1948 2.jpg

Israeli Declaration of Independence, 1948

  • May 14 – The Israeli Declaration of Independence is made.
  • May 15
    • 1948 Arab–Israeli War: The British Mandate of Palestine is officially terminated; expeditionary forces from Egypt, Transjordan, Syria and Iraq invade Israel and clash with Israeli forces.
    • The murder of a 3-year-old girl in Blackburn, England leads to the fingerprinting of more than 40,000 men in the city in an attempt to find the murderer.[5]
  • May 16Chaim Weizmann is elected as the first President of Israel.
  • May 18 – The first Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
  • May 22 – The Soviets launched the largest Lithuanian deportation to Siberia.
  • May 25 – The United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP) was founded on this date at Ellinwood Malate Church in Manila, Philippines.
  • May 26 – The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 557, which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
  • May 28Daniel François Malan defeats Jan Smuts and becomes Prime Minister of South Africa, ushering in the era of apartheid, which is finally dismantled by F. W. de Klerk in 1994.
  • May 30 – A dike along the Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes; 15 people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.

June

  • June 3 – The Palomar Observatory telescope is finished in California.
  • June 10Hasan Saka forms the new government of Turkey. (17th government; Hasan Saka had served twice as a prime minister)
  • June 11 – The first monkey astronaut, Albert I, is launched into space from White Sands, New Mexico.
  • June 16
    • Communist guerrillas kill 3 rubber planters in Malaya.
    • Three armed men hijack the Cathay Pacific passenger plane Miss Macao and shoot the pilot; the plane crashes, killing 26 of 27 people on board.
  • June 17 – A Douglas DC-6 carrying United Airlines Flight 624 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.
  • June 18
    • Malayan Emergency: A state of emergency is declared in the Malayan Union due to a communist insurgency.
    • LP record – Columbia Records introduced its long playing 33 1/3 rpm phonograph format.
  • June 20 – The U.S. Congress recesses for the remainder of 1948, after an overtime session closes at 7:00 a.m. D.C. time (to be shortly interrupted by Truman's recall from Congressional recess for July 20, 1948).
  • June 21 – The Deutsche Mark becomes official currency of the future Federal Republic of Germany.
  • June 22 – The ship Template:MV brings a large group of Afro-Caribbean immigrants to Tilbury near London, the start of a large wave of immigration to Britain.
File:C-54 landing at Tempelhof 1948.jpg

Airplane C-54 at airport Berlin-Tempelhof.

  • June 24
    • Cold War: The Berlin Blockade begins.
    • The first World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization is held in Geneva.
  • June 26William Shockley files the original patent for the grown-junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
  • June 28
    • The Cominform Resolution marks the beginning of the Informbiro period in Yugoslavia and the Soviet/Yugoslav split.
    • David Lean's Oliver Twist, based on Charles Dickens's famous novel, premieres in the UK. It is banned for 3 years in the U.S. because of alleged antisemitism in depicting master criminal Fagin, played by Alec Guinness.
    • 1948 Fukui earthquake strikes Fukui, Japan. 3,769 dead, 22,203 injured.

July

File:1948 Summer Olympics logos.png

1948 Summer Olympics

  • July 5 – The National Health Service Acts are enacted in United Kingdom.
  • July 6 – The world's first Air Car-ferry service is flown by a Bristol Freighter of Silver City Airways from Lympne to Le Touquet.
  • July 13 – The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Churches reach an agreement leading to the promotion of the Ethiopian church to the rank of an autocephalous Patriarchate. Five bishops are immediately consecrated by the Patriarch of Alexandria, and the successor to Abuna Qerellos IV is granted the power to consecrate new bishops, who are empowered to elect a new Patriarch for their church.
  • July 15
    • Attempted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party results in numerous strikes all over the country.
    • First London chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous is founded.
  • July 20Cold War:
    • President Harry S. Truman issues the second peacetime military draft in the United States, amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union (the first peacetime draft occurred in 1940 under President Roosevelt)
    • Eugene Dennis, William Z. Foster, and ten other CPUSA leaders are arrested and charged under the Alien Registration Act
  • July 22 – The Dominion of Newfoundland votes to join Canada after a referendum.
  • July 26 – U.S. President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, ending racial segregation in the United States Armed Forces.
  • July 28 – Around 200 die in explosion at a chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, Germany.
  • July 29 – The 1948 Summer Olympics begin in London, the first since the 1936 Summer Olympics
  • July 31
    • At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated
    • Elizabeth Bentley appears under subpoena before HUAC regarding Communist espionage; implicates Whittaker Chambers

August

  • August 1 – The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • August 3Whittaker Chambers appears under subpoena before HUAC and alleges that several former U.S. Federal official were communists, including Harry Dexter White and Alger Hiss
  • August 5Alger Hiss appears before HUAC to deny the allegations of Whittaker Chambers
  • August 10August 23 – The Herrenchiemsee Convent prepares the draft for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
  • August 13Harry Dexter White and Donald Hiss refute allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before HUAC
  • August 141948 Ashes series: The Australian batsman Don Bradman, playing his last Test cricket match, against England at The Oval, is bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck; however, "The Invincibles" win the match by an innings and 149 runs, and The Ashes 4-0.
  • August 15 – The southern half of Korea is established as South Korea.
  • August 16Babe Ruth dies in his sleep at the age of 53.
  • August 17HUAC holds a private session between Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers
  • August 18Danube Commission created by Belgrade Convention (enters into force 11 May 1949).
  • August 20Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt, and John Abt, represented by Harold I. Cammer, plead the Fifth Amendment in response to allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before HUAC
  • August 23 – The World Council of Churches is established.
  • August 24 – The first meeting of the charter members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) is held.[6]
  • August 25HUAC holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss
  • August 27Whittaker Chambers states that Alger Hiss was a communist on Meet the Press radio

September

  • September 4 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
  • September 5Robert Schuman becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • September 6Juliana is formally inaugurated as Queen of the Netherlands.
  • September 9 – The northern half of Korea is formally declared North Korea, with Kim Il-sung as prime minister.
  • September 11Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor-General of Pakistan, dies. Pakistan is in a state of shock as it mourns the departure of the father of the nation. The day is a public holiday nationwide.
  • September 12 – The State of Hyderabad is invaded by the Indian Army on the day after Pakistani leader Jinnah's death, to assist damage control. Operation Polo leads to the independence of Hyderabad state and its amalgamation into the Indian union.
  • September 17Lehi members, also known as the Stern Gang, assassinate Swedish count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator in Palestine, in Jerusalem.
  • September 20 – Establishment of the city Rabwah, Pakistan
  • September 27Alger Hiss files a slander suit against Whittaker Chambers for his August 27 radio statement
  • September 29Laurence Olivier's Hamlet opens in the United States.

October

  • October 6 – The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 110,000.
  • October 10R-1 missile on test becomes the first Soviet launch to enter space.
  • October 16 – The 57th Street Art Fair, the oldest juried art fair in the American Midwest, is founded.
  • October 26Killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
  • October 28 – The Al-Dawayima massacre begins.

November

  • November 1
    • Foley Square trial of Eugene Dennis and ten other CPUSA leaders begins in New York City.
    • Athenagoras I is elected 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • November 2United States presidential election, 1948: Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats Republican Thomas E. Dewey and "Dixiecrat" Strom Thurmond.
  • November 12 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
  • November 15Louis Stephen St. Laurent becomes Canada's 12th prime minister.
  • November 16
    • Operation Magic Carpet to transport Jews from Yemen to Israel begins.
    • The University of the Andes (Universidad de los Andes) is founded in Bogotá, Colombia.
  • November 17
    • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi divorces his second wife, the former Princess Fawzia of Egypt.
    • Whittaker Chambers produces secret government papers handwritten and typewritten by Alger Hiss during pretrial examination.
  • November 20Geoffrey B. Orbell rediscovers the Takahē, last seen 50 years previously, near Lake Te Anau, New Zealand.
  • November 24 – In Venezuela, president Rómulo Gallegos is ousted by a military junta.
  • November 27 – The Calgary Stampeders defeat the Ottawa Rough Riders 12–7 before 20,013 fans at Toronto's Varsity Stadium to capture their first Grey Cup and complete the only perfect season to date in Canadian Football.

December

  • December 1José Figueres Ferrer abolishes the army in Costa Rica, making it the first country in history to do so
  • December 2HUAC subpoenas and retrieves the "Pumpkin Papers" from the farm of Whittaker Chambers
  • December 6Richard Nixon parades microfilm from the "Pumpkin Papers" to the press
  • December 10 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • December 1112Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Scots Guards shoot 24 Chinese villagers in Malaya
  • December 15 – The United States Department of Justice indicts Alger Hiss on two counts of perjury
  • December 19 – in the NFL, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Chicago Cardinals 7-0 to win the championship.
  • December 20Laurence Duggan falls to his death from the 16th storey window of his Manhattan office
  • December 26 – The last Soviet troops withdraw from North Korea
  • December 28 – A Muslim Brotherhood member assassinates Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi
  • December 30 – The musical Kiss Me, Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances
  • December 311948 Arab–Israeli War: Israeli troops drive the Egyptians from Negev

Date unknown

  • Brandeis University is founded in Massachusetts, USA.
  • Casimir effect discovered by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir.
  • The Fresh Kills Landfill, the world's largest, opens on Staten Island, New York.
  • The Oakridge Transit Centre opens in Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • The Slovak city Gúta is renamed Kolárovo.
  • The Tunnel of Vielha is opened in the Aran Valley, Spanish Pyrenees.
  • Last recorded sighting of the Caspian tiger in Kazakhstan.
  • A pack of wolves kills about 40 children in Darovskoy District, in Russia.[7]
  • Charles Warrell creates the first I-Spy books.
  • Rev. W. Awdry's third book, James the Red Engine, is published.
  • Last edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum is published in the Vatican.
  • The first Kinsey Report, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, is published.
  • Inspired by World War II fighter planes, Cadillac introduces the first automobile to sport tailfins.
  • The inaugural Six Hours of Watkins Glen endurance race is held.

Births

January

File:Ichiro Mizuki 20070706 Japan Expo 01.jpg

Ichirou Mizuki

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John Carpenter

File:David Oddsson.jpg

David Oddsson

  • January 2
    • Mary Archer, born Mary Weeden, English scientist
    • Judith Miller, American journalist
    • Joyce Wadler, American writer and memoirist
    • Deborah Watling, English actress
  • January 5
    • Wally Foreman, Australian media icon (d. 2006)
    • Ted Lange, American actor and director
  • January 7
    • Kenny Loggins, American rock singer
    • Ichirou Mizuki, Japanese voice actor
  • January 10
    • Donald Fagen, American rock keyboardist
    • Teresa Graves, American actress and comedian (d. 2002)
    • Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist
    • William Sanderson, American actor and comedian
  • January 12
    • Kenny Allen, English footballer
    • Anthony Andrews, English actor
  • January 14
    • T Bone Burnett, American record producer and musician
    • Carl Weathers, American actor and football player
  • January 15Ronnie Van Zant, American rock musician (d. 1977)
  • January 16
    • John Carpenter, American film director, producer, screenwriter and composer
    • Gregor Gysi, German politician
    • Cliff Thorburn, Canadian snooker player
    • Tsuneo Horiuchi, Japanese baseball pitcher and mamager
  • January 17Davíð Oddsson, Prime Minister of Iceland
  • January 19
    • Frank McKenna, Premier of New Brunswick and Canadian Ambassador
    • Michael J. Jackson, English actor
  • January 23
    • Katharine Holabird, American writer
    • Mitoji Yabunaka, Japanese politician
  • January 27Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-born dancer
  • January 28Charles Taylor, Liberian president
  • January 29Marc Singer, Canadian actor
  • January 30Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • January 31
    • Paul Jabara, American actor, singer and songwriter (d. 1992)
    • Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician

February

File:Carlosbelo.jpg

Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo

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Barbara Hershey

File:Teller Rio.jpg

Teller

File:Peters in 08.jpg

Bernadette Peters

  • February 1Rick James, Motown performer (d. 2004)
  • February 2Ina Garten, American cooking author
  • February 3
    • Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, East Timorean Catholic bishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
    • Henning Mankell, Swedish crime novelist (d. 2015)
  • February 4
    • Alice Cooper, American hard rock singer and musician
    • Ram Baran Yadav, President of Nepal
  • February 5
    • Sven-Göran Eriksson, Swedish football manager
    • Christopher Guest, American actor, screenwriter, director and composer
    • Barbara Hershey, American actress
    • Tom Wilkinson, English actor
  • February 10John Magnier, Irish businessman and thoroughbred racehorse breeder
  • February 11Chris Rush, American stand-up comedian
  • February 12Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author
  • February 13Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American film actress
  • February 14
    • Jackie Martling, American comedian and radio personality
    • Wally Tax, Dutch musician (d. 2005)
    • Raymond Teller, American illusionist and magician, one half of the duo Penn & Teller
  • February 17
    • György Cserhalmi, Hungarian actor
    • José José, Mexican singer and actor
  • February 18Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
  • February 19
    • Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician and author (d. 2002)
    • Tony Iommi, English heavy metal guitarist
  • February 20Jennifer O'Neill, American model and actress
  • February 22
    • John Ashton, American actor
    • Leslie H. Sabo, Jr., Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1970)
  • February 24
    • J. Jayalalithaa, Indian politician
    • Walter Smith, Scottish football manager
  • February 25Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
  • February 28
    • Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Mike Figgis, American director, screenwriter and composer
    • Kjell Isaksson, Swedish pole vaulter
    • Bernadette Peters, American actress and singer
    • Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
    • Alfred Sant, Leader of Malta Labour Party (1992–) and Prime Minister of Malta (1996–1998)
  • February 29Henry Small, American-born Canadian singer

March

File:Shakin' Stevens.jpg

Shakin' Stevens

File:James Taylor - Columbia.jpg

James Taylor

File:Billy Crystal VF 2012 Shankbone.JPG

Billy Crystal

File:TylerNassauColliseum.jpg

Steven Tyler of Aerosmith

File:Al Gore at SapphireNow 2010 cropped.jpg

Al Gore

  • March 2
    • R. T. Crowley, American pioneer of electronic commerce
    • Rory Gallagher, Irish musician (d. 1995)
    • Jeff Kennett, Australian politician
  • March 4
    • Lindy Chamberlain, Australian author
    • James Ellroy, American writer
    • Tom Grieve, American baseball player
    • Leron Lee, American baseball player
    • Chris Squire, English bassist (Yes) (d. 2015)
    • Shakin' Stevens, Welsh singer
    • Brian Cummings, American male voice actors
  • March 5
    • Eddy Grant, Guyanese British singer and musician
    • Elaine Paige, English singer and actress
  • March 6Anna Maria Horsford, American actress
  • March 9
    • László Lovász, Hungarian mathematician
    • Jeffrey Osborne, American singer
  • March 11Dominique Sanda, French actress
  • March 12James Taylor, American singer-songwriter
  • March 14Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian
  • March 15Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
  • March 17William Gibson, American/Canadian writer
  • March 20
    • John de Lancie, American actor
    • Bobby Orr, Canadian hockey player
  • March 22
    • Wolf Blitzer, American television journalist
    • Andrew Lloyd Webber, English composer
  • March 25Bonnie Bedelia, American actress
  • March 26Steven Tyler, Lead singer of American rock group Aerosmith
  • March 28
    • Jayne Ann Krentz, American novelist
    • Dennis Unkovic, American author
    • Dianne Wiest, American actress
  • March 29Bud Cort, American actor
  • March 30Eddie Jordan, Irish founder of Jordan Grand Prix
  • March 31
    • Al Gore, American environmentalist and politician, 45th Vice President of the United States under Bill Clinton, and 2000 Democratic nominee for president
    • Rhea Perlman, American actress

April

File:10.12.12TerryPratchettByLuigiNovi1.jpg

Terry Pratchett

  • April 1Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer and actor
  • April 2Roald Als, Danish cartoonist
  • April 4
    • Squire Parsons, American gospel singer/songwriter
    • Dan Simmons, American fantasy and science fiction author
  • April 7John Oates, American rock singer and guitarist (Hall & Oates)
  • April 12
    • Jeremy Beadle, English TV presenter (d. 2008)
    • Don Fernando, director and actor of pornographic films
    • Joschka Fischer German politician
    • Marcello Lippi, Italian football player and manager
  • April 13
    • Nam Hae-il, 25th Chief of Naval Operations of the Republic of Korea Navy
    • Mikhail Shufutinsky, Soviet and Russian singer, actor, TV presenter
  • April 15Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
  • April 16
    • Ammar El Sherei, Egyptian music icon and celebrity (d. 2012)
    • Kazuyuki Sogabe, Japanese voice actor (d. 2006)
  • April 17Jan Hammer, Czechoslovakian composer, pianist and keyboardist
  • April 21Josef Flammer, Swiss ophthalmologist (after whom Flammer syndrome is named)
  • April 27
    • Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician
    • Si Robertson, American reality star
  • April 28
    • Terry Pratchett, English comic fantasy and science fiction author (d. 2015)
    • Marcia Strassman, American actress and singer (d. 2014)
  • April 29Michael Karoli, German musician (d. 2001)

May

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George Tupou V

File:Steve W. Mosher.PNG

Steven W. Mosher

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Grace Jones

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Klaus Meine of Scorpions

File:Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013.jpg

Svetlana Alexievich

  • May 2
    • Vladimir Matorin, Russian opera singer
    • Larry Gatlin, American singer/songwriter
  • May 3
    • William H. Miller, historian
    • Chris Mulkey, American actor
  • May 4
    • Tanya Falan, American singer
    • King George Tupou V of Tongo (d. 2012)
  • May 5
    • Joe Esposito, American singer-songwriter
    • Richard Pacheco, American pornographic actor
    • Bill Ward, English rock drummer
  • May 8
    • Dame Felicity Lott, English soprano
    • Stephen Stohn, Canadian television producer
  • May 9
    • Steven W. Mosher, American social scientist and author
    • Calvin Murphy, American basketball player and analyst
  • May 11Shigeru Izumiya, Japanese musician
  • May 12
    • Steve Winwood, English rock singer
    • Lindsay Crouse, American actress
  • May 14Bob Woolmer, Indian-born English cricket coach (d. 2007)
  • May 15
    • Yutaka Enatsu, Japanese professional baseball pitcher
    • Brian Eno, English musician and record producer
  • May 16Jesper Christensen, Danish actor
  • May 18Mikko Heiniö, Finnish composer
  • May 19Grace Jones, Jamaican singer and actress
  • May 20Tesshō Genda, Japanese voice actor
  • May 21
    • D'Jamin Bartlett, American musical theatre actress
    • Elizabeth Buchan, English writer
    • Jonathan Hyde, Australian-born English actor
    • Leo Sayer, English rock musician
  • May 25Klaus Meine, Lead singer of German rock group Scorpions
  • May 26
    • Dayle Haddon, Canadian model and actress
    • Stevie Nicks, American rock singer and songwriter
  • May 27Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant
  • May 29Michael Berkeley, English composer
  • May 31
    • Svetlana Alexievich, Belarusian writer of literary reportage, Nobel Prize laureate
    • John Bonham, English rock drummer of Led Zeppelin (d. 1980)

June

File:Kathy Bates by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Kathy Bates

  • June 1
    • Powers Boothe, American actor
    • Tom Sneva, American race car driver and Indianapolis 500 winner
  • June 2Jerry Mathers, American actor
  • June 4
    • Bob Champion, English jump jockey
    • David Haskell, American actor (d. 2000)
  • June 6Richard Sinclair, English musician (Caravan)
  • June 8- Jürgen von der Lippe, German television presenter, actor and comedian
  • June 9
    • Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
    • Gary Thorne, American play-by-play announcer
  • June 11Dave Cash, American baseball player
  • June 13Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player and scout (d. 2001)
  • June 14Laurence Yep, American author
  • June 15Paul Michiels, Belgian singer-songwriter
  • June 17Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player
  • June 19
    • Nick Drake, English musician (d. 1974)
    • Lea Laven, Finnish singer
    • Phylicia Rashad, American actress
  • June 20Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • June 21
    • Lionel Rose, Australian boxer
    • Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
  • June 22Todd Rundgren, American rock singer and record producer
  • June 23
    • Luther Kent, American blues singer
    • Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • June 24Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player
  • June 27Camile Baudoin, American rock guitarist
  • June 28Kathy Bates, American actress
  • June 29Fred Grandy, American actor and politician
  • June 30Vladimir Yakunin, Russian official, head of state-run Russian Railways company

July

File:Richard Simmons 2007-08-15.jpg

Richard Simmons

File:Yusuf-2009.jpg

Cat Stevens

File:Peggy Fleming 1983 Paraguay stamp.jpg

Peggy Fleming

File:Jean Reno 2012.jpg

Jean Reno

  • July 1John Ford (musician), Best known for penning Part of the Union whilst in Strawbs
  • July 3Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • July 8Raffi, Egyptian-born children's entertainer
  • July 12Richard Simmons, American television personality and fitness expert
  • July 15Richard Franklin, Australian film director (d. 2007)
  • July 16Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist
  • July 18Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 20Muse Watson, American actor
  • July 21
    • Beppe Grillo, Italian activist, blogger, comedian and actor
    • Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
    • Cat Stevens, born Steven Georgiou, later known as Yusuf Islam, British singer, musician
    • Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
    • Mikhail Zadornov, Russian stand-up comedian and writer
  • July 22
    • Susan Eloise Hinton, American author
    • Otto Waalkes, German comedian and actor
  • July 23John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician
  • July 25Steve Goodman, Grammy Award-winning folk music singer and songwriter (d. 1984)
  • July 27Peggy Fleming, American figure skater
  • July 28
    • Gerald Casale, American director and singer (Devo)
    • Sally Struthers, American actress and spokeswoman
  • July 30
    • Jean Reno, French actor
    • Julia Tsenova, Bulgarian composer and musician (d. 2010)
  • July 31Jonathan Dollimore, English academic sociologist and cultural theorist

August

File:Jean-Pierre Raffarin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 2013.jpg

Jean-Pierre Raffarin

File:Robert Plant at the Palace Theatre, Manchester.jpg

Robert Plant of Led Zeppelin

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  • August 1Jim Carroll, American author, poet and musician (d. 2009)
  • August 2
    • Dennis Prager, American radio talk show host and author
    • Bob Rae, Canadian politician
  • August 3Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France
  • August 13Kathleen Battle, American soprano
  • August 15George Ryton, Singapore-born English Formula One engineer
  • August 18Joseph Marcell, English actor
  • August 19Robert Hughes, Australian actor
  • August 20
    • John Noble, Australian actor
    • Robert Plant, Lead singer of British rock group Led Zeppelin
    • Barbara Allen Rainey (born Barbara Ann Allen), American aviator, first female pilot in the U.S. armed forces (d. 1982)
  • August 23Lev Zeleny, Soviet and Russian physicist
  • August 24
    • Jean Michel Jarre, French electronic musician
    • Sauli Niinisto, Finnish politician, 12th President of Finland
    • Kim Sung-il, Chief of Staff of the Republic of Korea Air Force
    • Vicente Sotto III, Filipino actor, host and politician
  • August 27Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler
  • August 30
    • Lewis Black, American comedian
    • Fred Hampton, American activist (d. 1969)
    • Victor Skumin, Russian scientist, Professor
  • August 31
    • Cyril Jordan, American musician
    • Holger Osieck, German football manager

September

File:Levy Mwanawasa.jpg

Levy Mwanawasa

File:Sitiveni Rabuka July 2016.jpg

Sitiveni Rabuka

File:SDCC 2015 - Jeremy Irons (19524260758) (cropped).jpg

Jeremy Irons

File:George R.R. Martin at Archipelacon.jpg

George R.R. Martin

File:Phil as Chick-1-1.jpg

Phil Hartman

File:Olivia Newton John 2012.jpg

Olivia Newton-John

  • September 2
    • Nate Archibald, American basketball player
    • Terry Bradshaw, American football player and sportscaster
  • September 3
    • Don Brewer, American drummer (Grand Funk Railroad)
    • Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian president (d. 2008)
  • September 4Samuel Hui, Hong Kong singer
  • September 5Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician
  • September 7Susan Blakely, American actress
  • September 8Great Kabuki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • September 10
    • Judy Geeson, English actress
    • Bob Lanier, American basketball player
    • Margaret Trudeau, born Margaret Sinclair, wife and mother of Prime Ministers of Canada
    • Charlie Waters, American football player
  • September 11John Martyn, born Iain McGeachy, British folk-rock guitarist (d. 2009)
  • September 13
    • Nell Carter, American singer and actress (d. 2003)
    • Sitiveni Rabuka, 3rd Prime Minister of Fiji
  • September 16Ron Blair, American bassist (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)
  • September 17John Ritter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • September 19
    • Jeremy Irons, English actor
    • Nadezhda Tkachenko, Soviet pentathlete
  • September 20George R. R. Martin, American speculative fiction author
  • September 22
    • Denis Burke, Australian politician
    • Mark Phillips, army captain and equestrian, first husband of Anne, Princess Royal
    • Jim Byrnes, American voice actor, blues musician and actor
  • September 24Phil Hartman, Canadian actor and comedian (d. 1998)
  • September 25
    • Cäcilia Rentmeister, German art historian and gender researcher
    • Vladimir Yevtushenkov, Russian oligarch
  • September 26
    • Maurizio Gucci, Italian businessman and murder victim (k. 1995)
    • Olivia Newton-John, English-born Australian singer and actress
  • September 27Michele Dotrice, English actress
  • September 29
    • Mark Farner, American rock guitarist and singer (Grand Funk Railroad)
    • Bryant Gumbel, African-American television broadcaster
    • Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist
    • Burton Richardson, American game show announcer

October

Template:Double image

File:Kushida anime friends 2010.jpg

Akira Kushida

File:Chrisde33.jpg

Chris de Burgh

File:Robert Jordan.jpg

Robert Jordan

  • October 1Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman (d. 2001)
  • October 2
    • Avery Brooks, American actor and musician
    • Persis Khambatta, Indian actress and model (d. 1998)
    • Chris LeDoux, American singer and rodeo star (d. 2005)
  • October 4Meg Bennett, American soap opera writer
  • October 6Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician
  • October 7Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist
  • October 8
    • Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (Ramones) (d. 2004)
    • Baldwin Spencer, 3rd Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda
  • October 9
    • Jackson Browne, American rock musician
    • Ciarán Carson, Northern Irish poet and novelist
    • Oliver Hart, English-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 11Cynthia Clawson, American gospel singer
  • October 13
    • John Ford Coley, American rock musician
    • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (d. 1997)
    • Ted Poe, American politician
  • October 14
    • Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
    • David Ruprecht, American actor and writer (Supermarket Sweep)
  • October 15Chris de Burgh, born Christopher Davison, Argentine-born Anglo-Irish singer-songwriter
  • October 16Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach
  • October 17
    • Robert Jordan, American novelist (d. 2007)
    • Margot Kidder, Canadian actress
    • Akira Kushida, Japanese singer
    • George Wendt, American actor
  • October 18Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher
  • October 19Patrick Simmons, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
  • October 21
    • Tom Everett, American actor
    • Allen Vigneron, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Detroit
  • October 22Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford
  • October 23 – Sir Gerry Robinson, Irish-born British businessman
  • October 25
    • Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
    • Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
  • October 26Toby Harrah, American baseball player
  • October 28Telma Hopkins, American actress and singer
  • October 29Kate Jackson, American actress

November

File:Amadou Toure.jpg

Amadou Toumani Touré

File:Hassan Rouhani.jpg

Hassan Rouhani

File:Prince Charles 2012.jpg

Charles, Prince of Wales

File:Michel Suleiman - 2009.jpg

Michel Suleiman

  • November 1Anna Stuart, American actress
  • November 3Lulu, born Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie, Scottish singer and actress
  • November 4Amadou Toumani Touré, President of Mali
  • November 5
    • Bob Barr, American politician
    • Dallas Holm, American Christian musician
    • William Daniel Phillips, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 6Glenn Frey, American guitarist and singer (The Eagles) (d. 2016)
  • November 7Jim Houghton, American actor and director
  • November 9Luiz Felipe Scolari, Brazilian football player and manager
  • November 10Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005)
  • November 12
    • Hassan Rouhani, 7th President of Iran
    • Richard Roberts, American evangelist and son of Oral Roberts
  • November 13
    • Humayun Ahmed, Bengali-language writer.
    • Lockwood Smith, New Zealand politician
  • November 14
    • Charles, Prince of Wales, born Prince Charles of Edinburgh, heir apparent to the British throne and son of Elizabeth II (at this time Duchess of Edinburgh) and The Duke of Edinburgh
    • Robert Ginty, American actor and director (d. 2009)
    • Dee Wallace, American actress
  • November 15James Kemsley, Australian cartoonist and actor (d. 2007)
  • November 16
    • Chi Coltrane, American musician
    • Ken James, Australian actor
    • Mutt Lange, Rhodesian-born record producer
    • Mate Parlov, Yugoslav Olympic boxer (d. 2008)
  • November 17Howard Dean, American politician
  • November 20
    • John R. Bolton, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N.
    • Barbara Hendricks, American singer
    • Richard Masur, American actor, director; president of Screen Actors Guild
  • November 21Michel Suleiman, President of Lebanon
  • November 23
    • Dominique-France Picard, also known as Princess Fadila of Egypt, wife of King Fuad II of Egypt and the Sudan
    • Ron Bouchard, American NASCAR driver (d. 2015)
    • Gabriele Seyfert, East German figure skater
  • November 24Joe Howard, American actor
  • November 26Elizabeth Blackburn, Australian-American biologist and winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • November 27James Avery, American actor (d. 2013)
  • November 28Agnieszka Holland, Polish director and screenwriter

December

File:OzzyChangingHands02-20-2010.jpg

Ozzy Osbourne of Black Sabbath

File:Jobethwilliams.jpg

JoBeth Williams

File:Samuel L. Jackson SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg

Samuel L. Jackson

File:Gérard Depardieu Cannes 2015 3.jpg

Gérard Depardieu

  • December 2
    • T. Coraghessan Boyle, American writer
    • Toninho Horta, Brazilian singer and musician
    • Christine Westermann, German television and radio host, journalist and author
  • December 3
  • December 6
    • Keke Rosberg, Finnish Formula One champion
    • Marius Müller-Westernhagen, German actor and musician
    • JoBeth Williams, American actress and director
  • December 7
    • Gary Morris, American country singer and actor
    • Tony Thomas, American television producer
    • Mads Vinding, Danish bassist
  • December 10Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (d. 2004)
  • December 11Chester Thompson, American rock drummer
  • December 13
    • Lillian Board, South African-born English Olympic athlete (d. 1970)
    • Ted Nugent, American rock guitarist and singer
    • David O'List, English rock guitarist
  • December 14
    • Lester Bangs, American music journalist (d. 1982)
    • Kim Beazley, Australian politician
  • December 19Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
  • December 20Alan Parsons, English songwriter, musician and record producer
  • December 21
    • Samuel L. Jackson, African-American actor and film producer
    • Willi Resetarits, Austrian musician and cabaret artist
  • December 22
    • Noel Edmonds, English TV presenter and DJ
    • Flip Mark, American child actor
    • Lynne Thigpen, American actress (d. 2003)
  • December 23Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author and music journalist
  • December 25Barbara Mandrell, American country singer
  • December 27Gérard Depardieu, French actor
  • December 28
    • Dick Siegel, American songwriter
    • Mary Weiss, American singer (The Shangri-Las)
  • December 29Peter Robinson, Northern Ireland First Minister
  • December 31
    • Joe Dallesandro, American model and actor
    • Sandy Jardine, Scottish professional footballer playing for Rangers and Hearts and representing Scotland (d. 2014)
    • Donna Summer, African-American singer and actress (d. 2012)

Date unknown

File:Judy Nylon.jpg

Judy Nylon

  • Archana Bhattacharyya, Indian physicist
  • Miguel Cabrera Cabrera, Spanish architect and politician
  • Vicatan, born Vicente Doria Catan Jr., Filipino comic book artist (d. 2004)
  • John Blair Moore, American comic book artist
  • Johnny Nicholas, American blues musician
  • Judy Nylon, American artist and musician
  • Edward Rutherfurd, born Francis Edward Wintle, English novelist
  • Gudo Hoegel, German actor and voice actor

Deaths

January

File:Prince Aimone of Savoy - restored.jpg

Tomislav II of Croatia

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  • January 1Edna May, American actress (b. 1878)
  • January 2Vicente Huidobro, Chilean poet (b. 1893)
  • January 5Mary Dimmick Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (b. 1858)
  • January 8
    • Kurt Schwitters, German artist (b. 1887)
    • Edward Stanley Kellogg, 16th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1870)
  • January 21Eliza Moore last person born into slavery in the United States (b. 1843)
  • January 21Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer (b. 1876)
  • January 24Bill Cody, American actor (b. 1891)
  • January 26Georg Bruchmüller, influential German artillery officer (b. 1863)
  • January 29 – King Tomislav II of Croatia (b. 1900)
  • January 30
    • Nigel De Brulier, English actor (b. 1877)
    • Arthur Coningham, British air force air marshal (disappeared) (b. 1895)
    • Mahatma Gandhi, Leader of Indian independence movement, (assassinated) (b. 1869)
    • Herb Pennock, American baseball player (New York Yankees) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1894)
    • Orville Wright, American co-inventor of the airplane (b. 1871)
  • January 31John T. Daniels, American Coast Guardsman, took the Wright brothers first flight photograph (b. 1873)

February

File:Karl Valentin by Eugen Rosenfeld (1870 - 1940).jpg

Karl Valentin

File:Sergei Eisenstein 03.jpg

Sergei Eisenstein

  • February 1Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (b. 1878)
  • February 2Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894)
  • February 9
    • Burns Mantle, American theatre critic (b. 1873)
    • Karl Valentin, German actor (b. 1882)
  • February 11
    • Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet film director (b. 1898)
    • Isaac Isaacs, 9th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1855)
  • February 14Mordecai Brown, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1876)
  • February 23John Robert Gregg, Irish-born inventor of shorthand (b. 1866)
  • February 25
    • Alexander du Toit, South African geologist (b. 1878)
    • Felix Krueger, German psychologist (b. 1874)

March

  • March 4Antonin Artaud, French playwright, actor and director (b. 1896)
  • March 6Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (suicide) (b. 1914)
  • March 10
    • Zelda Fitzgerald, American wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)
    • Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (b. 1886)
  • March 23Kōzō Satō, Japanese admiral (b. 1871)
  • March 24
    • Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian religious and political philosopher (b. 1874)
    • Paolo Thaon di Revel, former admiral of the Royal Italian Navy (b. 1859)
  • March 31Egon Erwin Kisch, Austrian journalist and author (b. 1885)

April

File:Manuel A Roxas.jpg

Manuel Roxas

File:Kantaro Suzuki suit.jpg

Kantaro Suzuki

File:Mitsumasa Yonai smiling.jpg

Mitsumasa Yonai

May

File:Dame May Whitty.jpg

Dame May Whitty

  • May 3Ernst Tandefelt, Finnish nobleman, assassin of Minister Ritavuori (b. 1876)
  • May 9Viola Allen, American actress (b. 1867)
  • May 13Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington (b. 1920)
  • May 15 – Father Edward J. Flanagan, Irish-born priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)
  • May 21Jacques Feyder, French filmmaker (b. 1885)
  • May 22Claude McKay, Jamaican-American writer and poet (b. 1889)
  • May 28Unity Mitford, British socialite; friend of Adolf Hitler (b. 1914)
  • May 29 – Dame May Whitty, British actress (b. 1865)
  • May 30József Klekl, Slovene politician in Hungary (b. 1874)

June

  • June 2Viktor Brack, German doctor (b. 1904), executed by hanging for warcrimes
    • Karl Brandt, German S.S. officer (b. 1904)
    • Rudolf Brandt, German S.S. officer (b. 1909)
    • Karl Gebhardt, German S.S. officer (b. 1897)
    • Waldemar Hoven, German S.S. officer (b. 1903)
    • Joachim Mrugowsky, German S.S. officer (b. 1905)
    • Wolfram Sievers, German S.S. officer (b. 1905)
  • June 6Louis Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1864)
  • June 13Osamu Dazai, Japanese writer (b. 1909)
  • June 25William C. Lee, American general (b. 1895)
  • June 26Lilian Velez, Filipino actress (murder) (b. 1924)

July

  • July 2Baba Sawan Singh, Indian saint known as "The Great Master" (b. 1858)
  • July 5
    • Georges Bernanos, French writer (b. 1888)
    • Carole Landis, American actress player (b. 1919)
  • July 9James Baskett, American actor (Uncle Remus in Disney's Song of the South) (b. 1904)
  • July 11
    • King Baggot, American actor (b. 1879)
    • Franz Weidenreich, German anatomist and physical anthropologist (b. 1873)
  • July 14Harry Brearley, English inventor of stainless steel (b. 1871)
  • July 15John J. Pershing, American general (b. 1860)
  • July 18May Moss, Australian women's rights activist (b. 1869)
  • July 21Arshile Gorky, Armenian-born painter (b. 1904)
  • July 23D. W. Griffith, American film director (The Birth Of A Nation) (b. 1875)
  • July 27
    • Susan Glaspell, American playwright (b. 1882)
    • Joe Tinker, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1880)
  • July 31Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, mistress of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (b. 1891)

August

File:Babe Ruth Red Sox 1918.jpg

Babe Ruth

  • August 3Tommy Ryan, American boxing champion (b. 1870)
  • August 10
    • Kan'ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian (b. 1873)
    • Andrew Brown, Scottish soccer coach (b. 1870)
  • August 16Babe Ruth, American baseball player (New York Yankees) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1895)
  • August 17Ettie Garner, Second Lady of the United States (b. 1869)
  • August 27Charles Evans Hughes, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1862)

September

File:Edvard Beneš.jpg

Edvard Benes

File:Quaidportrait.jpg

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

File:Edith Roosevelt.jpg

Edith Roosevelt

  • September 1Muhammad VII al-Munsif, ruler of Tunisia 1942–43 (b. 1881)
  • September 2Sylvanus G. Morley, American scholar and World War I spy (b. 1883)
  • September 3Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
  • September 5Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
  • September 10Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Tsar of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
  • September 11 – Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor General of Pakistan (b. 1876)
  • September 12Rupert D'Oyly Carte, English hotelier, theatre owner and impresario (b. 1876)
  • September 13Paul Wegener, German actor and film director (b. 1874)
  • September 17
    • Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (assassinated) (b. 1895)
    • Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist and folklorist (b. 1887)
    • Emil Ludwig, German-Swiss historian and biographer (b. 1881)
  • September 20Husain Salaahuddin, Famous Mahl writer (b. 1881)
  • September 24Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
  • September 26Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. 1904)
  • September 30Edith Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861)

October

File:Bain News Service - Franz Lehár.jpg

Franz Lehár

November

  • November 4Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, British-American businessman (b. 1874)
  • November 9Edgar Kennedy, American actor (b. 1890)
  • November 10Julius Curtius, German politician and diplomat (b. 1877)
  • November 11Fred Niblo, American film director (b. 1874)
  • November 21Béla Miklós, Hungarian military officer and politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • November 23Hack Wilson, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1900)
  • November 28D. D. Sheehan, Irish politician (b. 1873)

December

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  • December 2Chano Pozo, Cuban percussionist (b. 1915)
  • December 20C. Aubrey Smith, British actor (b. 1863)
  • December 23 – Japanese war leaders (hanged):
    • Kenji Doihara, spy (b. 1883)
    • Kōki Hirota, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
    • Seishirō Itagaki, military officer (b. 1885)
    • Heitarō Kimura, general (b. 1888)
    • Iwane Matsui, general (b. 1878)
    • Akira Mutō, general (b. 1892)
    • Hideki Tojo, general, 40th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1884)
  • December 28Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (assassinated) (b. 1888)
  • December 31Sir Malcolm Campbell, English land and water racer (b. 1885)

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies (UK). 21 February 1956. Template:Sourcetext
  2. Moore, P. (1995) The Guinness Book of Astronomy (5th ed.) Enfield, UK: Guinness Publishing, p. 110.
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  6. http://www.accj.or.jp/history
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