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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1946 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1946
MCMXLVI
Ab urbe condita2699
Armenian calendar1395
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԵ
Assyrian calendar6696
Bahá'í calendar102–103
Balinese saka calendar1867–1868
Bengali calendar1353
Berber calendar2896
British Regnal year10 Geo. 6 – 11 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2490
Burmese calendar1308
Byzantine calendar7454–7455
Chinese calendar乙酉(Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
    — to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4643 or 4583
Coptic calendar1662–1663
Discordian calendar3112
Ethiopian calendar1938–1939
Hebrew calendar5706–5707
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2002–2003
 - Shaka Samvat1867–1868
 - Kali Yuga5046–5047
Holocene calendar11946
Igbo calendar946–947
Iranian calendar1324–1325
Islamic calendar1365–1366
Japanese calendarShōwa 21
(昭和21年)
Javanese calendar1876–1878
Juche calendar35
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4279
Minguo calendarROC 35
民國35年
Nanakshahi calendar478
Thai solar calendar2489
Tibetan calendar阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919
    — to —
阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
2073 or 1692 or 920

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the , the 46th year of the , and the 7th year of the decade.

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Events

January

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  • January 6
    • The first general election ever in Vietnam is held.
    • A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre.
  • January 7 – The Allies recognize the Austrian republic with its 1937 borders, and divide the country into four occupation zones.
File:Flag of the United Nations.svg

January 10: First meeting of UN.

File:Project Diana antenna.jpg

January 10: Project Diana

  • January 10
    • The first meeting of the United Nations is held at Methodist Central Hall Westminster in London.
    • Project Diana bounces radar waves off the Moon, measuring the exact distance between the Earth and the Moon, and proves that communication is possible between Earth and outer space, effectively opening the Space Age.
  • January 11
    • Enver Hoxha declares the People's Republic of Albania, with himself as prime minister.
    • Porfirio Barba-Jacob's ashes go back to Colombia.
  • January 16Charles de Gaulle resigns as a head of a French provisional government.
  • January 17
    • The United Nations Security Council holds its first session at Church House, Westminster in London.
    • United States Senator Dennis Chávez (D-NM) calls for a vote on a Fair Employment Practice Committee bill which calls for an end to discrimination in the workplace. A filibuster prevents it from passing.
  • January 19 – The Bell XS-1 is test flown for the first time (unpowered), with Bell's chief test pilot Jack Woolams at the controls.
  • January 20Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.
  • January 22
    • Iran crisis of 1946: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president, Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister.
    • The National Intelligence Authority and its operational arm the Central Intelligence Group are established in the United States; these become part of the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947.[1]
File:Stamp Canada 1929 50c Bluenose.jpg

January 28: Bluenose founders.

  • January 25 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
  • January 28 – The Canadian schooner Bluenose founders on a Haitian reef.
  • January 31
    • The last session of the Permanent Court of International Justice occurs.
    • Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes 6 constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).

February

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  • February 1
    • Trygve Lie of Norway is selected as the first United Nations Secretary-General.
    • The Kingdom of Hungary becomes a republic, heavily influenced by the Soviet Union.
  • February 14
    • The Bank of England is nationalized.
    • ENIAC (for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), an early general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. Weighed 60,000 pounds (over 27 tons) and occupied a big room.
  • February 15 – Canada indicts 22 communist agents.
  • February 20 – An explosion kills more than 400 coal miners in West Germany.
  • February 24Juan Perón is elected president of Argentina.
  • February 28 – In Philadelphia, General Electric strikers and police clash.

March

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  • March 2
    • British troops withdraw from Iran according to treaty; the Soviets do not.
    • Ho Chi Minh is elected President of North Vietnam.
  • March 4C. G. E. Mannerheim resigns as president of Finland.
  • March 5 – In his speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill talks about the Iron Curtain.
  • March 6Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
  • March 7 – The 18th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Best Picture goes to The Lost Weekend.
  • March 9
    • Juho Kusti Paasikivi becomes president of Finland.
    • Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, 33 killed and hundreds amongst the injured
  • March 10 – British troops begin withdrawing from Lebanon.
  • March 15Clement Attlee promises independence to India as soon as they can agree on a constitution.
  • March 19
    • The Soviet Union and Switzerland resume diplomatic relations.
    • French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
  • March 22 – The United Kingdom grants Transjordan, as it is then known, its independence; 3 years later the country changes its name to Jordan.[2]
  • March 29 – The Gold Coast has an African majority in its parliament.

April

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  • April 1
    • The 8.6 Mw Aleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in many deaths, mostly in Hilo. Between 165 and 173 were killed.
    • The Malayan Union is formed.
    • Singapore becomes a Crown colony.
  • April 3 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila, the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
  • April 10 – In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet.
  • April 14 – A member of Nakam, the "Jewish Avengers", poisons with arsenic the bread of SS prisoners of war held at Stalag XIII-D by the Americans.
  • April 17Syria's independence from France is officially recognized.
  • April 18
    • The inaugural session of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) occurs.
    • The United States recognizes Josip Broz Tito's government in Yugoslavia.
    • The League of Nations, in its last meeting, transfers its mission to the United Nations and disbands itself.
  • April 23 – The Eastern Pennsylvania Basketball League (which is now the CBA) is founded.
  • April 27FA Cup: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic in the first FA Cup final since 1939.
  • April 28Pestalozzi Children's Village (Kinderdorf Pestalozzi) established at Trogen in Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II according to Pestalozzian principles.[3]
  • April 29 – Trial against war criminals begin in Tokyo; the accused include Hideki Tōjō, Shigenori Tōgō and Hiroshi Ōshima.

May

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  • May 1 – At least 800 Indigenous Australian pastoral workers walk off the job in Northwest Western Australia, starting one of the longest industrial strikes in Australia.
  • May 2 – Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Prison. A riot occurs, the "Battle of Alcatraz".
  • May 7 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with about 20 employees.
  • May 9 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Umberto II.
  • May 10
    • Jawaharlal Nehru is elected leader of the Congress Party in India.
    • The first V-2 rocket is successfully launched at the White Sands Missile Range.
  • May 20 – The British House of Commons decides to nationalize mines.
  • May 21 – At the Los Alamos Laboratory, Dr. Louis Slotin saves his coworkers but receives a fatal dose of ionizing radiation (the incident is initially classified).
  • May 22 – The Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan is founded.
  • May 25 – The parliament of Transjordan makes emir Abdullah their king.
  • May 26Czechoslovak parliamentary election, with Communist victory (38%), last before communists take power.
  • May 31 – A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy.

June

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  • June 1
    • Ion Antonescu, prime minister and "Conducator" (Leader) of Romania during World War II is executed; he was found guilty of betraying the Romanian people for benefits of Germany and sentenced to death by the Bucharest People's Tribunal.
    • D'Argenlieu, French High Commissioner for Indo-China recognizes an autonomous "Republic of Cochin-China" in violation of the March 6 Ho–Sainteny agreement, opening the way for conflict between the Viet Minh and France.[4]
  • June 2 – In a referendum, Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a republic. Women vote for the first time.
  • June 3 – The Interpol organization re-founded, telegraphic address "Interpol" adopted.
  • June 6 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
  • June 8 – In Indonesia, Sukarno incites his supporters to fight Dutch colonial occupation.
  • June 9 – In Thailand, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) accedes the throne after the mysterious death of his brother, King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII). He will reign until his death in October 2016.
  • June 10 – Italy is declared a republic.
  • June 13Umberto II of Italy leaves the country and goes into exile in Portugal; Alcide De Gasperi becomes head of state.
  • June 14 – The Baruch Plan is proposed to the United Nations.
  • June 17
    • A tornado on the Detroit River kills 17.
    • Laurence Olivier's Henry V opens in the United States nearly 2 years after its release in England. It is the first Shakespeare film in color, and critics hail it as the finest film of a Shakespeare play ever made.
  • June 23
    • The 7.5 Mw Vancouver Island earthquake affected the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Two people were killed.
    • The National Democratic Front wins a landslide victory in the municipal elections in French India.
  • June 25International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) begins operations.
  • June 30 – The War Relocation Authority is abolished.

July

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  • July 1Nuclear testing: Operation Crossroads, a series of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in Micronesia, is initiated by detonation of Able at an altitude of 520 feet (158 m).
    File:Operation Crossroads Baker Edit.jpg

    July 25: Undersea Atomic Test Baker

  • July 4
    • Ankara University is founded in Turkey.
    • After more than 380 years of Western dominance, the Philippines attains full independence.
    • The Kielce Pogrom takes place in Poland.
  • July 5 – The bikini is first modeled in Paris.
  • July 7
    • Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American saint to be canonized.
    • Howard Hughes nearly dies in a test flight of the Hughes XF-11, which crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood due to a propeller malfunction.
  • July 16Bureau of Land Management (BLM) within Department of the Interior (formed by merger of Grazing Service and General Land Office).
  • July 21 – An Irgun bomb explodes in Jerusalem due to secretive talks between Jews and Britain to consolidate the state of Israel.
  • July 22King David Hotel bombing: The Irgun bombs the King David Hotel (headquarters of the British civil and military administration) in Jerusalem, killing 90.
  • July 25
    • Nuclear testing: In the first underwater test of the atomic bomb, the surplus Template:Ship is sunk near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, when the United States detonates the Baker device during Operation Crossroads.
    • At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.
    • In the last mass lynching in the United States, a mob of white men shoot and kill two African-American couples near Moore's Ford Bridge in Georgia.

August

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  • August 1
    • The United States Atomic Energy Commission is established.
    • The Fulbright Program, a system of U.S. international educational exchange scholarships, is established.
    • The Hungarian forint is introduced in Hungary by the government, ending the world's biggest hyperinflation in the country.
    • The Scandinavian Airlines System is founded as a consortium of the flag carriers of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.
  • August 3Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World), opens to the public at Santa Claus, Indiana. It becomes the first themed park, preceding Disneyland by 9 years.
  • August 4 – The 1946 Dominican Republic earthquake (magnitude 8.0) hits the northern Dominican Republic, killing 100 and leaving 20,000 homeless.
  • August 16
    • Direct Action Day: Violence between Muslims and Hindus in Calcutta begins "The Week of the Long Knives" which leaves 3,000 dead.
    • The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded in Secunderabad.
    • The Kurdistan Democratic Party is founded in South Kurdistan.
  • August 18 – The Vergarola explosion in Croatia kills 70.
  • August 25 – American golfer Ben Hogan wins the PGA Championship.

September

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  • September 11946 Turin Grand Prix, a first recorded officially Formula One Grand Prix Motor Race held in Italy.Template:Fix
  • September 2 – The Interim Government of India takes charge, with Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President, as part of the transition from the British Raj to full independence for India and Pakistan.
  • September 4 – Street violence between Muslims and Hindus erupts in Bombay.
  • September 8Bulgaria is declared a People's Republic after a referendum; King Simeon II leaves.
  • September 24Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong by American Roy Farrell and Australian Sydney de Kantzow.
  • September 28George II of Greece returns to Athens.

October

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  • October 1Mensa, an international organization for people with a high intelligence quotient (IQ), is founded by Roland Berrill, an Australian-born lawyer, and Dr Lancelot Ware, an English biochemist and lawyer, in Oxford.
  • October 2 – Communists take over in Bulgaria.
  • October 6 – Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson dies in office of a heart attack.
  • October 10 – Commencement of the Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal at the hands of Muslim mobs.
  • October 11 – After a few days of vacancy, the Swedish premiership is taken over by Tage Erlander.
  • October 13 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
  • October 14International Organization for Standardization (ISO) founded.
  • October 15Nuremberg trials: Hermann Göring, founder of the Gestapo and recently convicted Nazi war criminal, poisons himself two hours before his scheduled execution.
  • October 16
    • The remaining ten Nazi war criminals sentenced to death at the Nuremberg trials are executed by hanging in a gymnasium in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
    • The United Nations' first meeting in Long Island is held.

November

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  • November 1 – In the first Basketball Association of America game, the New York Knicks defeat the Toronto Huskies 68–66 at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens.
    File:Flag of UNESCO.svg

    Flag of UNESCO

  • November 4UNESCO established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • November 5Senate and House elections in the United States both give majorities to the Republicans.
  • November 10
    • At least 1,400 people are killed in an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter magnitude scale, in the Ancash Region and Quiches District in Peru.
    • The Slimbridge Wetland Reserve opens in England.
  • November 12
    • A truce is declared between Indonesian nationalist troops and the Dutch army in Indonesia.
    • In Chicago, a branch of the Exchange National Bank (now part of the LaSalle Bank) opens the first 10 drive-up teller windows.
  • November 15 – The Netherlands recognizes the Republic of Indonesia.
  • November 17 – Eight British servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish nationalists.
  • November 19
    • Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
    • Romanian general election, 1946: The Romanian Communist Party wins 79.86% of the vote through widespread intimidation tactics and electoral fraud.
  • November 22Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union.
  • November 23
    • Vietnamese riot in Haiphong and clash with French troops. The French cruiser Suffren opens fire, killing 6,000 Vietnamese.
    • The Workers' Party of South Korea is founded.
  • November 27Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster."
  • November 29 – The All Indonesia Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) is founded in Jakarta.

December

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  • December 1Miguel Alemán Valdés takes office as President of Mexico.
  • December 2 – The International Whaling Commission was signed in Washington, D.C. to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".
  • December 7 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, United States kills 119.
  • December 11UNICEF (the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund) is founded.
  • December 12
    • The United Nations severs relations with Franco's Spain and recommends that member countries sever diplomatic relations.
    • Léon Blum founds a government of socialist parties in France.
    • Iran crisis of 1946: Iranian troops recapture the Azerbaijan province.
  • December 14 – The International Labour Organization becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • December 15
    • First French India Representative Assembly election held.
    • Iran crisis of 1946: Iranian troops recapture the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad.
  • December 16Siam joins the United Nations (changes name to Thailand in 1949).
  • December 19Viet Minh forces begin a war against French occupying forces in Vietnam, succeeding in 1954 with France's surrender at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
  • December 20
    • Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, Henry Travers, and Thomas Mitchell, is released in New York.
    • At least 1,362 people are killed in an earthquake and associated tsunami in Japan.
  • December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana, Cuba.
  • December 24 – France's Fourth Republic is founded.
  • December 25 – The first artificial, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in Europe was initiated within the Soviet (Russian) nuclear reactor F-1.
  • December 26
    • The Flamingo Hotel opens on the Las Vegas Strip.
    • David Lean's Great Expectations, based on the Charles Dickens novel, and featuring John Mills, Valerie Hobson, Martita Hunt, Alec Guinness, Francis L. Sullivan, Jean Simmons, and Finlay Currie, is released to great acclaim in the UK.
  • December 31 – President Harry S. Truman delivers Proclamation 2714, which officially ends hostilities in World War II.

Date unknown

  • The 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun contract is released.
  • Female suffrage is enacted in Belgium, Romania, Yugoslavia, Argentina and the Canadian province of Quebec.
  • The first female police officers are hired in Korea and Japan.
  • The Chinese Civil War intensifies between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China.
  • The first Tupperware is sold in department and hardware stores.
  • The British government takes emergency powers to deal with the balance-of-payments crisis.
  • Eva Perón tours Spain, Italy and France on behalf of Argentina, a circuit called the Rainbow Tour.
  • The NFL team San Francisco 49ers is formed.
  • The Casio company is founded by engineer Tadao Kashio.
  • Binghamton University is founded.

Births

January

File:Diane Keaton by Firooz Zahedi 2.jpg

Diane Keaton

File:Dolly Parton in Nashville 2.jpg

Dolly Parton

File:David Lynch (1990).jpg

David Lynch

File:Arnoldo Alemán.JPG

Arnoldo Alemán

February

File:President Isaias Afewerk.jpg

Isaias Afwerki

File:Tyne Daly at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

Tyne Daly

File:Daniels03 cropped.jpg

Anthony Daniels

File:Alan Rickman cropped and retouched.jpg

Alan Rickman

  • February 1Elisabeth Sladen, English actress (d. 2011)
  • February 2
    • Isaias Afwerki, President of Eritrea
    • Blake Clark, American actor and comedian
  • February 5Charlotte Rampling, British actress
  • February 6
    • Kate McGarrigle, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
    • Jim Turner, American politician
  • February 7Pete Postlethwaite, English character actor (d. 2011)
  • February 9Seán Neeson, Northern Irish politician
  • February 13
    • Joe Estevez, American actor
    • Colin Matthews, British composer
  • February 14
    • Bernard Dowiyogo, 7-time President of Nauru (d. 2003)
    • Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor (d. 2003)
  • February 19Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)
  • February 20
    • Brenda Blethyn, British actress
    • J. Geils, lead guitarist of American rock group, The J. Geils Band (d. 2017)
  • February 21
    • Tyne Daly, American actress
    • Anthony Daniels, English actor
    • Alan Rickman, English actor and film director (d. 2016)
  • February 26Jiří Bělohlávek, Czech orchestral conductor (d. 2017)
  • February 25
    • Andrew Ang, judge of the Supreme Court of Singapore
    • Franz Xaver Kroetz, German dramatist
    • Jean Todt, French motorsport manager
  • February 26Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • February 28
    • Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005)
    • Don Francisco, American Christian musician

March

File:David Gilmour - 1984, Abou Face tour.jpg

David Gilmour

File:Liza Minnelli.jpg

Liza Minnelli

File:ToledoCASA128032 cropped.jpg

Alejandro Toledo

File:9.16.13BillPlymptonByLuigiNovi1.jpg

Bill Plympton

  • March 1
    • Jan Kodeš, Czech tennis player
    • Lana Wood, American actress and producer
  • March 4
    • Michael Ashcroft, English entrepreneur
    • Haile Gerima, Ethiopian filmmaker
    • Harvey Goldsmith, British impresario
  • March 5
    • Murray Head, English singer and actor
    • Lova Moor, French singer and dancer
  • March 6David Gilmour, English rock musician (Pink Floyd)
  • March 7
    • Okko Kamu, Finnish conductor and violinist
    • Peter Wolf, American rock musician (The J. Geils Band)
  • March 10Mike Hollands, Australian animator
  • March 12
    • Frank Welker, American voice actor and singer
    • Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress
  • March 13Yonatan Netanyahu, American-born Israeli Army officer, killed in Operation Entebbe (d. 1976)
  • March 15Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)
  • March 17Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1995)
  • March 21Timothy Dalton, Welsh actor
  • March 25Cliff Balsom, English footballer
  • March 26Johnny Crawford, American child actor and musician
  • March 27
    • Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers)
    • Mike Jackson, former MLB pitcher.
  • March 28Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru
  • March 29Billy Thorpe, English-born Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
  • March 30
    • Bill Plympton, American cartoonist
    • Carolyn Simpson, judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales
  • March 31Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1984)

April

File:Hanna Suchocka 1135.jpg

Hanna Suchocka

File:Brody Janos-01.jpg

János Bródy

File:Ed O'Neill at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg

Ed O'Neill

File:Honduras.RicardoMaduro.01.jpg

Ricardo Maduro

File:King Carl XVI Gustaf at National Day 2009 Cropped.png

Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

  • April 3Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland
  • April 4Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade)
  • April 5
    • Jane Asher, English actress
    • János Bródy, Hungarian singer, guitarist, composer and songwriter
    • Björn Granath, Swedish actor (d. 2017)
  • April 7
    • Colette Besson, French track and field athlete (d. 2005)
    • Léon Krier, Luxembourgian architect
  • April 8Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • April 11Chris Burden, American artist (d. 2015)
  • April 12Ed O'Neill, American actor
  • April 16Margot Adler, American journalist
  • April 18Hayley Mills, English actress
  • April 19Tim Curry, British actor, singer and composer
  • April 20
    • Julien Poulin, Canadian actor
    • Ricardo Maduro, President of Honduras
  • April 22
    • John Waters, American film director
    • Paul Davies, English physicist
  • April 25
    • John Fox, British statistician
    • Talia Shire, American actress
    • Strobe Talbott, American journalist
    • Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian politician
  • April 28Larissa Grunig, American public relations theorist and feminist
  • April 30 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

May

File:1987 Udo Lindenberg-800.jpg

Udo Lindenberg

File:Cher singing.jpg

Cher

  • May 1Joanna Lumley, English actress and author
  • May 2
    • Lesley Gore, American rock singer (d. 2015)
    • Ralf Gothóni, Finnish pianist, conductor and composer
  • May 4John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • May 5Jim Kelly, American actor, martial artist and tennis player (d. 2013)
  • May 7
    • Thelma Houston, American singer
    • Michael Rosen, British novelist and poet
  • May 9
    • Candice Bergen, American actress
    • Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (d. 2006)
  • May 10
    • Graham Gouldman, English songwriter and musician (10cc, Wax)
    • Donovan Leitch, Scottish rock musician
    • Dave Mason, English rock musician (Traffic)
    • Birutė Galdikas, Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author
  • May 11Robert Jarvik, American physicist and artificial heart inventor
  • May 12Richard Bruce Silverman, John Evans Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University
  • May 13Tim Pigott-Smith, English actor and author (d. 2017)
  • May 15Klaus-Peter Siegloch, German journalist
  • May 16Robert Fripp, British musician
  • May 17Udo Lindenberg, German musician
  • May 18
    • Bruce Alexander, English actor
    • Reggie Jackson, American baseball player
  • May 19
    • André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993)
    • Claude Lelièvre, Belgian Commissioner for Children Rights
    • Roger Sloman, English actor
  • May 20Cher, American actress and rock singer
  • May 22
  • May 23Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
  • May 26Mick Ronson, English guitarist (d. 1993)
  • May 28K. Satchidanandan, Malayalam poet
  • May 29Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
  • May 30Candy Lightner, American founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving
  • May 31Adriana Bittel, Romanian writer

June

File:Donald Trump Pentagon 2017.jpg

Donald Trump

File:Noddy Holder (modified).jpg

Noddy Holder

File:11 Xanana 3.jpg

Xanana Gusmão

File:Ted Shakelford (253554794).jpg

Ted Shackelford

  • June 1Brian Cox, Scottish actor
  • June 2
    • Peter Sutcliffe, English serial killer
    • Tomomichi Nishimura, Japanese voice actor
  • June 4Suzanne Ciani, American pianist and electronic composer
  • June 5Stefania Sandrelli, Italian actress
  • June 7
    • Jenny Jones, Palestinian-Canadian comedian and talk show hostess
    • Robert Tilton, American televangelist and author
  • June 8Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of St. Lucia
  • June 10Fernando Balzaretti, Mexican actor (d. 1998)
  • June 13Paul L. Modrich, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • June 14Donald Trump, American television personality and real estate magnate, 45th President of the United States
  • June 15
    • Noddy Holder, English rock singer (Slade)
    • Janet Lennon, American singer (The Lennon Sisters)
    • Demis Roussos, Greek singer (d. 2015)
  • June 17Marcy Kaptur, U.S. Representative for the Ninth Congressional District of Ohio
  • June 18
    • Russell Ash, British author (d. 2010)
    • Fabio Capello, Italian football player and manager
  • June 20Xanana Gusmão, 1st President of East Timor
  • June 22
    • Kay Redfield Jamison, American psychiatrist
    • Józef Oleksy, 7th Prime Minister of Poland (d. 2015)
  • June 23Ted Shackelford, American actor
  • June 24
    • Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986)
    • Robert Reich, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor
  • June 25Pete Vanderwaal, Dutch engineer
  • June 26Maria von Welser, German TV journalist and President of UNICEF Germany
  • June 28Gilda Radner, American comedian and actress (d. 1989)
  • June 29
    • Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
    • Gitte Hænning, Danish singer
    • Ernesto Pérez Balladares, President of Panama

July

File:Mireya Moscoso.jpg

Mireya Moscoso

File:Leszek Miller Sejm 2013.JPG

Leszek Miller

File:George-W-Bush.jpeg

George W. Bush

File:Sylvester-Stallone-2014-2.jpg

Sylvester Stallone

File:Cheech Marin 2012.jpg

Cheech Marin

File:Hassanal Bolkiah.jpg

Hassanal Bolkiah

File:Danny Glover 2014.jpg

Danny Glover

  • July 1
    • Stefan Aust, German journalist and editor-in-chief of the weekly news magazine Der Spiegel from 1994 to 2008
    • Mireya Moscoso, President of Panama
  • July 2Richard Axel, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • July 3Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
  • July 4
    • Sam Hunt, New Zealand poet
    • Michael Milken, American financier
    • Ed O'Ross, American actor
  • July 6
    • George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States
    • Sylvester Stallone, American actor, screenwriter and film director
  • July 9
    • Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience) (d. 2008)
    • Bon Scott, Australian rock singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)
  • July 10Sue Lyon, American actress
  • July 11Jack Wrangler, American porn star (d. 2009)
  • July 13Cheech Marin, American actor and comedian
  • July 14John Wood, Australian actor
  • July 15
    • Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei
    • Linda Ronstadt, American singer and songwriter
  • July 16
    • Toshio Furukawa, Japanese voice actor
    • Dave Goelz, American puppeteer
    • Ron Yary, American football player
  • July 17Alun Armstrong, English actor
  • July 19Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player
  • July 22
    • Danny Glover, American actor and film director
    • Mireille Mathieu, French singer
  • July 23Sally Flynn, American singer
  • July 25Rita Marley, Jamaican singer
  • July 29Ximena Armas, Chilean painter
  • July 30Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)

August

File:Ralph Gonsalves (cropped).jpg

Ralph Gonsalves

File:Bill Clinton.jpg

Bill Clinton

File:Keith Moon 4 - The Who - 1975-2.jpg

Keith Moon

  • August 1
    • Mike Emrick, American sportscaster
    • Sandi Griffiths, American singer
  • August 3Jack Straw, English politician
  • August 5
    • Ron Silliman, American poet
    • Loni Anderson, American actress
  • August 8Ralph Gonsalves, 4th Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • August 9Jim Kiick, American football player
  • August 12Terry Nutkins, English naturalist (d. 2012)
  • August 13Janet Yellen, American Chair of the Federal Reserve
  • August 16Lesley Ann Warren, American actress and singer
  • August 17Drake Levin, né Levinshefski, American rock guitarist (Paul Revere & the Raiders)
  • August 19
    • Charles Bolden, American astronaut
    • Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States
    • Beat Raaflaub, Swiss conductor
  • August 20
    • Connie Chung, American reporter
    • Ralf Hütter, German techno singer and musician (Kraftwerk)
    • N. R. Narayana Murthy, Indian businessman
  • August 23Keith Moon, English rock drummer (The Who) (d. 1978)
  • August 24John Grahl, British economist
  • August 25
    • Rollie Fingers, American baseball player
    • Charles Ghigna, American poet and children's author
  • August 26
    • Valerie Simpson, American singer
    • Mark Snow, American composer
    • Zhou Ji, education minister of the People's Republic of China
  • August 29
    • Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, 2nd President of Burundi (d. 2016)
    • Bob Beamon, American athlete
    • Demetris Christofias, 6th President of Cyprus
    • Leona Gom, Canadian novelist and poet

September

File:Barry Gibb (Bee Gees) - TopPop 1973 3.png

Barry Gibb

File:Freddie Mercury performing in New Haven, CT, November 1977.jpg

Freddie Mercury

File:Jim Hines 1968.jpg

Jim Hines

File:TommyLeeJones07TIFF cropped.jpg

Tommy Lee Jones

File:Siimann Mart.IMG 2960.JPG

Mart Siimann

  • September 1
    • Barry Gibb, English-born Australian singer (Bee Gees)
    • Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea (d. 2009)
  • September 2
    • Dan White, American politician and murderer (d. 1985)
    • Luis Ávalos, Cuban-born American character actor
    • Billy Preston, American soul musician (d. 2006)
  • September 3Francisco Trois, Brazilian chess player
  • September 4
    • Gary Duncan, American rock guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service)
    • Greg Elmore, American rock drummer (Quicksilver Messenger Service)
  • September 5
    • Dennis Dugan, American actor and director
    • Freddie Mercury, Lead singer and pianist of British rock group Queen (d. 1991)
  • September 7
    • Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist (d. 2001)
  • September 8Aziz Sancar, Turkish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • September 9
    • Doug Ingle, American rock vocalist (Iron Butterfly)
    • Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)
  • September 10
    • Jim Hines, American athlete
    • Don Powell, English rock drummer (Slade)
  • September 15
    • Tommy Lee Jones, American actor
    • Oliver Stone, American film director and producer
  • September 18
    • Peter Alsop, American musician
    • Akira Kamiya, Japanese voice actor
  • September 19Connie Kreski, American model (d. 1995)
  • September 21
    • Mikhail Kovalchuk, Russian physicist and official
    • Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor
    • Richard St. Clair, American musician and composer
    • Mart Siimann, Prime Minister of Estonia
  • September 23Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • September 24Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland
  • September 25
    • Morari Bapu, Hindu Kathakaar
    • Felicity Kendal, British actress
    • Jerry Penrod, American bass player
  • September 26
    • Andrea Dworkin, American feminist and writer (d. 2005)
    • Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician
    • Christine Todd Whitman, American politician
  • September 28Jeffrey Jones, American actor
  • September 30
    • Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
    • Claude Vorilhon, French-born 'messenger' of Raëlism

October

File:Susan Sarandon 3 by David Shankbone.jpg

Susan Sarandon

File:Naoto Kan cropped 3 Naoto Kan 2 20110129.jpg

Naoto Kan

File:Richard Carpenter b&w portrait, 1970s.png

Richard Carpenter

File:BobSeagren.jpg

Bob Seagren

  • October 1Tim O'Brien, American author
  • October 2
    • Gen. Sonthi Boonyaratglin, President of the Council for National Security and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army
    • Marie-Georges Pascal, French actress
  • October 3P. P. Arnold, American singer
  • October 4
  • October 6
    • Lloyd Doggett, American politician
    • Renate Holub, German philosopher
  • October 7
    • Xue Jinghua, Chinese ballerina
    • Catharine MacKinnon, American feminist
  • October 8
    • Hanan Ashrawi, Palestinian scholar and legislator
    • John T. Walton, son of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (d. 2005)
  • October 9Tansu Çiller, Turkish politician
  • October 10
    • Anne Boyd, Australian musician
    • Mildred Grieveson, British writer
    • Naoto Kan, 61st Prime Minister of Japan
    • Chris Tarrant, British radio and TV personality
  • October 11
    • Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
    • Daryl Hall, American rock musician (Hall & Oates)
    • Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast
  • October 13
    • Edwina Currie, English politician
    • Dorothy Moore, American singer
    • Demond Wilson, American actor and minister
  • October 14
    • Craig Venter, American biotechnologist
    • François Bozizé, President of the Central African Republic
    • Joey de Leon, Filipino actor and host
    • Justin Hayward, English rock singer and songwriter (The Moody Blues)
  • October 15
    • Richard Carpenter, American pop musician and composer (The Carpenters)
    • John Getz, American actor
    • Marsha Hunt, American singer and novelist
  • October 16
    • Suzanne Somers, American actress and singer
    • Elizabeth Witmer, Dutch-born politician
  • October 17
    • Vicki Hodge, English actress and model
    • Bob Seagren, American athlete and actor
  • October 18
    • James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter
    • Howard Shore, Canadian film composer
    • Andrea Zsadon, Hungarian soprano
  • October 19Philip Pullman, English author
  • October 20
    • Marty Gervais, Canadian writer
    • Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 21Lyn Allison, Australian politician
  • October 22Eileen Gordon, British politician
  • October 25Edith Leyrer, Austrian actress
  • October 26Pat Sajak, American game-show host
  • October 27
    • Leslie L. Byrne, American politician
    • Ivan Reitman, Slovakian-born film director and producer
  • October 28Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet
  • October 29Kathryn J. Whitmire, Texas politician; Mayor of Houston, Texas
  • October 30
    • Lynne Marta, American actress
    • Andrea Mitchell, American journalist
  • October 31Stephen Rea, Northern Irish actor

November

File:Laura Bush portrait.jpg

Laura Bush

File:Sally Field 2012.jpg

Sally Field

File:Petra Burka 1965.jpg

Petra Burka

File:Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

  • November 1
    • Ric Grech, British rock bassist (d. 1990)
    • Lynne Russell, American newsreader
  • November 2Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001)
  • November 4
    • Laura Bush, former First Lady of the United States
    • Les Lannom, American actor and musician
    • Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • November 5
    • Herman Brood, Dutch artist (d. 2001)
    • Loleatta Holloway, American singer (d. 2011)
    • Gram Parsons, American musician (d. 1973)
  • November 6Sally Field, American actress and singer
  • November 7Diane Francis, Canadian journalist
  • November 8
    • Stella Chiweshe, Zimbabwean musician
    • John Farrar, Australian guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Shadows & Marvin, Welch & Farrar)
    • Guus Hiddink, Dutch football player and manager
  • November 10Alaina Reed Hall, American actress (d. 2009)
  • November 11Corrine Brown, American politician
  • November 12P. P. Arnold, English singer
  • November 13Ohara Reiko, Japanese actress
  • November 14Carola Dunn, English writer
  • November 15
    • Gwyneth Powell, British actress
    • Sandy Skoglund, American photographer
  • November 16
    • Mahasti, Iranian singer (d. 2007)
    • Terence McKenna, American writer, philosopher, ethnobotanist and shaman (d. 2000)
  • November 17Petra Burka, Canadian figure skater
  • November 18Andrea Allan, Scottish actress
  • November 20
    • Greg Cook, American football player (d, 2012)
    • Judy Woodruff, American television reporter
  • November 21
    • Emma Cohen, Spanish actress
    • Chaviva Hošek, Czech-born feminist
    • Ulla Jessen, Danish actress
    • Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress
    • Marina Warner, English writer
  • November 22Anne Wheeler, Canadian television and film director
  • November 23Diana Quick, English actress
  • November 24Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
  • November 25Marika Lindström, Swedish actress
  • November 26Ottilia Borbáth, Romanian-born Hungarian actress
  • November 27
    • Richard Codey, American politician, 53rd Governor of New Jersey
    • Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, 2nd President of Djibouti
    • Nina Maslova, Russian actress
  • November 28Regina Braga, Brazilian actress
  • November 29
    • Brian Cadd, Australian singer-songwriter
    • Suzy Chaffee, American singer and actress
  • November 30
    • Marina Abramović, Yugoslavian performance artist
    • Barbara Cubin, U.S. Congresswoman from Wyoming

December

File:Jose Carreras - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2011 - cropped.jpg

José Carreras

File:Rhoma Irama-cropped.jpg

Rhoma Irama

File:Don Gummer (6070037472) (cropped).jpg

Don Gummer

File:Patty Duke 1975.JPG

Patty Duke

File:Benny Andersson 2012-09-24 001.jpg

Benny Andersson

File:Steven Spielberg Cannes 2016.jpg

Steven Spielberg

File:Carl Wilson.jpg

Carl Wilson

File:Jeff Sessions official portrait.jpg

Jeff Sessions

File:FEMA - 34604 - Arkansas Governor Mike Beebe in the field (cropped).jpg

Mike Beebe

  • December 2Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (d. 1997)
  • December 3
    • Marjana Lipovšek, Slovenian singer and actress
    • Joop Zoetemelk, Dutch cyclist
  • December 4
    • Sherry Alberoni, American actress and voice artist
    • Yō Inoue, Japanese voice actress (d. 2003)
  • December 5
    • José Carreras, Spanish tenor
    • Eva-Britt Svensson, Swedish politician
  • December 6Nancy Brinker, American health activist and diplomat
  • December 8
    • Jacques Bourboulon, French photographer
    • John Rubinstein, American actor
    • Sharmila Tagore, Indian actress
  • December 9Sonia Gandhi, Indian politician
  • December 10
    • Chrystos, American poet
    • Thomas Lux, American poet
  • December 11
    • Rhoma Irama, Indonesian dangdut musician, actor and politician
    • Susan Kyle, American writer
    • Ellen Meloy, American writer (d. 2004)
  • December 12
    • Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian racing car driver
    • Gloria Loring, American singer
    • Don Gummer, American sculptor
  • December 13Nicholas Kollerstrom, British writer
  • December 14
    • Antony Beevor, English historian
    • Jane Birkin, English actress and singer
    • Patty Duke, American actress (d. 2016)
    • Lynne Marie Stewart, American actress
  • December 16
    • Benny Andersson, Swedish rock singer and songwriter
    • Alice Aycock, American sculptor
    • Trevor Pinnock, English harpsichordist and conductor
  • December 17
    • Eugene Levy, Canadian actor, comedian and director
    • Bel Mooney, English broadcast journalist
  • December 18
    • Steve Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1977)
    • Nina Škottová, Czech politician and member of the European Parliament
    • Steven Spielberg, American film director
  • December 19
    • Candace Pert, American neuroscientist
    • Robert Urich, American actor (d. 2002)
  • December 20
    • Lesley Judd, English television presenter
    • John Spencer, American actor (d. 2005)
    • Dick Wolf, American television producer
    • Uri Geller, Israeli illusionist
  • December 21
    • Brian Davison, Rhodesian cricketer and Tasmanian politician
    • Carl Wilson, American musician (d. 1998)
  • December 23
    • Edita Gruberová, Slovakian soprano
    • Susan Lucci, American actress
    • John Sullivan, English television scriptwriter (d. 2011)
  • December 24
    • Jan Akkerman, Dutch rock guitarist (Focus)
    • Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin, French politician and member of the European Parliament
    • Brenda Howard, American bisexual activist (d. 2005)
    • Jeff Sessions, American politician, United States Attorney General
  • December 25
    • Jimmy Buffett, American rock singer and songwriter
    • Larry Csonka, American football player
    • Gene Lamont, American baseball player and manager
  • December 27
    • Lenny Kaye, American guitarist
    • Janet Street-Porter, English broadcast journalist
  • December 28
    • Mike Beebe, American politician and attorney
    • Edgar Winter, American rock musician
  • December 29
    • Marianne Faithfull, English singer and actress
    • Ruth Shady, Peruvian archaeologist
  • December 30
    • Patti Smith, American poet and singer
    • Berti Vogts, German football player and manager
  • December 31Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer

Date unknown

  • Tyler Burge, American philosopher
  • Jang Song-thaek, North Korean politician (d. 2013)
  • Jacques Hiron, French journalist and writer
  • Ada Mee, German artist
  • Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 1996)
  • Afsaneh Najmabadi, Iranian historian and gender theorist
  • Omar Al-Shammaa, Lebanese actor and voice actor

Deaths

January

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-018-35A, Laszlo von Bardossy.jpg

László Bárdossy

  • January 3William Joyce, Irish-American World War II Nazi propaganda broadcaster known as "Lord Haw-Haw" (executed) (b. 1906)
  • January 4George Woolf, Canadian jockey (b. 1910)
  • January 5Kitty Cheatham, American singer (b. 1864)
  • January 6
    • Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1892)
    • Slim Summerville, American actor (b. 1892)
  • January 8Dion Fortune, British writer (b. 1890)
  • January 9Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903)
  • January 10
    • László Bárdossy, Hungarian diplomat and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1890)
    • Harry Von Tilzer, American songwriter (b. 1872)
  • January 13Wilhelm Souchon, German admiral (b. 1864)
  • January 15Karl Nabersberg, German youth leader (b. 1908)
  • January 25Orishatukeh Faduma, American missionary (b. 1855)
  • January 29
    • Hideo Hatoyama, Japanese jurist (b. 1884)
    • Harry Hopkins, American politician (b. 1890)
    • Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch–American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • January 31
    • Pietro Boetto, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and eminence (b. 1871)
    • Luis Orgaz Yodi, Spanish general (b. 1881)

February

File:Felix Hoffman.jpg

Felix Hoffmann

File:Maliq Bushati.png

Maliq Bushati

File:Rafael-Erich.jpg

Rafael Erich

  • February 2Rondo Hatton, American actor (b. 1894)
  • February 5George Arliss, British actor (b. 1868)
  • February 6
    • Upendranath Brahmachari, Indian scientist (b. 1873)
    • Oswald Kabasta, Austrian conductor (suicide) (b. 1896)
  • February 8
    • Felix Hoffmann, German chemist (b. 1868)
    • Miles Mander, British actor (b. 1888)
  • February 11Ludovic-Oscar Frossard, French socialist and communist politician (b. 1889)
  • February 12George Dumas, French doctor and psychologist (b. 1866)
  • February 15
    • Cornelius Johnson, American athlete (b. 1913)
    • Maliq Bushati, Albanian collabrator and 18th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1880)
  • February 17
    • Dorothy Gibson, American actress (b. 1889)
    • Benjamin I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1871)
  • February 19Rafael Erich, Finnish politician, professor and diplomat, 6th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879)
  • February 21Theodore Stark Wilkinson, American admiral (b. 1888)
  • February 23Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1885)
  • February 25René Le Grèves, French cyclist (b. 1910)
  • February 28Giuseppe Salvago Raggi, Italian diplomat (b. 1866)

March

File:Ferenc Szálasi.jpg

Ferenc Szálasi

File:Largo Caballero.jpg

Francisco Largo Caballero

  • March 2George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872)
  • March 4Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
  • March 6Antonio Caso Andrade, Mexican philosopher (b. 1883)
  • March 9Adolfo Ferrata, Italian pathologist and hematologist (b. 1880)
  • March 12
    • Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian military officer and Fascist politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (executed) (b. 1897)
    • Leonida Tonelli, Italian mathematician (b. 1885)
  • March 14Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (b. 1878)
  • March 16
    • José Júlio da Costa, Portuguese activist (b. 1893)
    • Alladiya Khan, Indian singer (b. 1855)
  • March 17Joseph de Pesquidoux, French writer (b. 1869)
  • March 19Augusto Nicolás Martínez, Ecuadorian agronomist, economist, geologist, researcher, educator and mountaineer (b. 1860)
  • March 23
    • Francisco Largo Caballero, Spanish politician and trade unionist, 66th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1869)
    • Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (b. 1875)
  • March 24
    • Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892)
    • Carl Schuhmann, German athlete (b. 1869)
  • March 26Ezequiel Fernández, acting President of Panama (b. 1886)
  • March 29László Endre, Hungarian politician (b. 1895)
  • March 31John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British field marshal (b. 1886)

April

File:Juan Bautista Sacasa cph.3a44780.jpg

Juan Bautista Sacasa

File:Robert bartlett.jpg

Robert Bartlett

  • April 1
    • Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (b. 1882)
    • Edward Sheldon, American playwright (b. 1886)
  • April 2Kate Bruce, veteran silent screen actress, made many films with D. W. Griffith (b. 1858)
  • April 3
    • Alf Common, English footballer (b. 1880)
    • Masaharu Homma, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887)
  • April 5Vincent Youmans, American composer (b. 1898)
  • April 7Padmanath Gohain Baruah, Indian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1871)
  • April 8
    • Bo Gu, 3rd General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (accident) (b. 1907)
    • Patriarch Eulogius (b. 1868)
  • April 14Otto Dowling, United States Navy Captain and the 25th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1881)
  • April 17
    • Guido Calza, Italian archaeologist (b. 1888)
    • Juan Bautista Sacasa, 20th President of Nicaragua (b. 1874)
  • April 20Mae Busch, American actress (b. 1891)
  • April 21John Maynard Keynes, British economist (b. 1883)
  • April 22
    • Lionel Atwill, British actor (b. 1885)
    • Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872)
  • April 28Robert Bartlett, American explorer and navigator (b. 1875)

May

File:Marcela de Agoncillo.png

Marcela de Agoncillo

  • May 1
    • Bill Johnston, American tennis champion (b. 1894)
    • Israfil Mammadov, Soviet WWII heroine (b. 1919)
  • May 9Léon Guillet, French metallurgist (b. 1873)
  • May 10Emile de Cartier de Marchienne, Belgian diplomat (b. 1871)
  • May 11Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Dominican essayist, philosopher, humanist and philologist (b. 1884)
  • May 16
    • Bruno Tesch, German chemist and Nazi war criminal (executed) (b. 1890)
    • Karl Weinbacher, German manager and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898)
  • May 19
    • Franceso Camero Medici, Italian diplomat (b. 1886)
    • Ángel Ossorio y Gallardo, Spanish lawyer and statesman (b. 1873)
    • Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)
  • May 20
    • Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871)
    • Enrico Gasparri, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1871)
  • May 22Karl Hermann Frank, German Nazi official and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898)
  • May 23Billy Sullivan, American actor (b. 1891)
  • May 26
    • Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (b. 1865)
    • Joseffy, Austrian magician (b. 1873)
  • May 27
    • Claire Croiza, French soprano (b. 1882)
    • Henri Hauser, French historian, geographer, and economist (b. 1866)
  • May 29Cagnaccio di San Pietro, Italian painter (b. 1897)
  • May 30Marcela Agoncillo, Filipino who sewed the first Filipino flag (b. 1860)
  • May 31Picoğlu Osman, Turkish kemenche player (b. 1901)

June

File:Ion Antonescu.jpg

Ion Antonescu

File:Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg

Gerhart Hauptmann

File:Jorgeubico1930.jpg

Jorge Ubico

File:Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg

Juan Antonio Ríos

  • June 1
    • Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Romania and Romanian dictator (executed) (b. 1882)
    • Mihai Antonescu, Romanian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1904)
    • Leo Slezak, German tenor (b. 1873)
  • June 3Chen Gongbo, 2nd President of Republic of China during Nanjing regime (executed) (b. 1892)
  • June 5Maud Watson, British tennis player, first female Wimbledon champion (b. 1864)
  • June 6Gerhart Hauptmann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • June 9Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII), King of Siam (assassinated) (b. 1925)
  • June 10Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
  • June 12Hisaichi Terauchi, Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1879)
  • June 13Charles Butterworth, American actor (b. 1896)
  • June 14
    • Jorge Ubico, Guatemalan army general, 21st President of Guatemala (b. 1878)
    • John Logie Baird, British television pioneer (b. 1888)
    • Edward Bowes, American radio personality (b. 1874)
    • Charles Butterworth, American actor (b. 1896)
  • June 18Eugen Hirschfield, Australian practitioner (b. 1866)
  • June 19Theodor Wulf, German physicist and Jesuit priest (b. 1868)
  • June 20Empress Wanrong of China (b. 1906)
  • June 23William S. Hart, American stage actor and silent film Western star, film director, and writer (b. 1864)
  • June 24Marian Bernaciak, Polish World War II heroine (b. 1917)
  • June 27
    • Juan Antonio Ríos, Chilean political figure, 24th President of Chile, leader of World War II (b. 1888)
    • Wanda Gág, American artist, author, translator and illustrator (b. 1893)
  • June 28Antoinette Perry, American actress and director (b. 1888)
  • June 30Jelica Belović-Bernardzikowska, Yugoslav journalist, writer and journalist (b. 1870)

July

File:Federico Laredo Bru.jpg

Federico Laredo Bru

File:Александр Введенский (обновленец).jpg

Blessed Alexander Vvedensky

File:Alphonsa12.jpg

Saint Alphonsa

  • July – Howard Hyde Russell, American temperance advocate, founder of the Anti-Saloon League (b. 1855)
  • July 1Augustyn Józef Czartoryski, Polish nobleman (b. 1907)
  • July 2
    • Mary Alden, American stage and screen actress (b. 1883)
    • Albert Sechehaye, Swiss linguist (b. 1870)
  • July 4
    • Jenny-Wanda Barkmann, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922)
    • Elisabeth Becker, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1923)
    • Wanda Klaff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922)
    • Ewa Paradies, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1920)
    • Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922)
  • July 7Federico Laredo Brú, 8th President of Cuba (b. 1875)
  • July 8Orrick Glenday Johns, American writer (b. 1887)
  • July 12
    • Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist and author (b. 1870)
    • Teresa Janina Kierocińska, Polish Discalced Carmelite nun and venerable (b. 1885)
  • July 13Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
  • July 15Razor Smith, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • July 16Raffaele Conflenti, Italian engineer and aircraft designer (b. 1889)
  • July 17
    • Kosta Mušicki, Yugoslav general (b. 1897)
    • Campbell Tait, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1886)
  • July 19George Mackenzie Brown, Canadian-born British publisher (b. 1869)
  • July 20Shiro Kawase, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
  • July 21
    • Shefqet Vërlaci, Albanian politician, 12th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1877)
    • Gualberto Villarroel, 46th President of Bolivia (assassinated) (b. 1908)
  • July 22Edward Sperling, Russian-American-Jewish writer and Zionist (assassinated) (b. 1889)
  • July 26Alexander Vvedensky, Soviet Orthodox religious leader and blessed (b. 1889)
  • July 25Harry Davis, Canadian gangster (b. 1898)
  • July 27Gertrude Stein, American writer (b. 1874)
  • July 28Saint Alphonsa, Indian Franciscan nun and saint (b. 1910)

August

File:Reichskanzler Wilhelm Marx.jpg

Wilhelm Marx

File:H.G. Wells by Beresford.jpg

H. G. Wells

September

File:Don Francesco Bonifacio.jpg

Blessed Francesco Bonifacio

October

File:Ignacy Moscicki.jpg

Ignacy Moscicki

File:AlbertoMarvellii.jpg

Blessed Alberto Marvelli

File:Per Albin Hansson - Sveriges styresmän.jpg

Per Albin Hansson

  • October 1Hiroshi Kawabuchi, Japanese politician (b. 1883)
  • October 2Ignacy Mościcki, Polish chemist and politician, 4th President of Poland (b. 1867)
  • October 4Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • October 5Alberto Marvelli, Italian member of the Roman Catholic action and blessed (b. 1918)
  • October 6
    • Per Albin Hansson, Swedsh politician and 23rd Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1885)
    • Joseph Francis Sartori, American banker (b. 1858)
  • October 8Agustín Parrado y García, Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1872)
  • October 12Joseph Stilwell, American World War II general (b. 1883)
  • October 15Hermann Göring, German Nazi Reichsmarschall (suicide) (b. 1893)
  • October 16
    • Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Poland (executed) (b. 1900)
    • Wilhelm Frick, German Nazi Minister of the Interior (executed) (b. 1877)
    • Alfred Jodl, German general and World War II Chief of the German armed forces (executed) (b. 1890)
    • Ernst Kaltenbrunner, German Nazi police general (executed) (b. 1903)
    • Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (executed) (b. 1882)
    • Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Nazi foreign minister (executed) (b. 1893)
    • Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi ideologist (executed) (b. 1893)
    • Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi general plenipotentiary (executed) (b. 1892)
    • Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (executed) (b. 1892)
    • Julius Streicher, German Nazi propaganda publisher (executed) (b. 1885)
  • October 20Igor Demidov, Soviet politician (b. 1873)
  • October 23Francesco Carandini, Italian poet (b. 1858)
  • October 24Kurt Daluege, German Nazi officer and war criminal (executed) (b. 1897)

November

File:Izabela Wiłucka.jpg

Saint Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska

  • November 2John Barrett, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1878)
  • November 5Joseph Stella, Italian-American painter (b. 1877)
  • November 6Maria Innocentia Hummel, German Franciscan religious sister and blessed (b. 1909)
  • November 7Henry Lehrman, American actor (b. 1886)
  • November 10Baldassare Forestiere, Italian immigration (b. 1879)
  • November 11Nikolay Burdenko, Soviet surgeon, founder of Soviet neurosurgery (b. 1876)
  • November 12Camillo Caccia Dominioni, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and eminence (b. 1877)
  • November 14Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876)
  • November 18Donald Meek, British actor (b. 1878)
  • November 24László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter and photographer (b. 1895)
  • November 25George Gandy, American entrepreneur (b. 1851)
  • November 26Sultana Racho Petrova, Bulgarian memoirist (b. 1869)
  • November 28Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska, Polish Roman Catholic religious leader and saint (b. 1890)

December

File:Father FX Lasance.jpg

Blessed Francis Xavier Lasance

File:W. C. Fields 1938.jpg

W. C. Fields

  • December 5Louis Dewis, Belgian Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1872)
  • December 7
    • Laurette Taylor, American actress (b. 1884)
    • Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (b. 1871)
  • December 10
    • Walter Johnson, American baseball player (Washington Senators) and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1887)
    • Damon Runyon, American writer (b. 1880)
  • December 11Francis Xavier Lasance, American Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1860)
  • December 12
    • Ben Carter, American actor (b. 1910)
    • Renée Falconetti, French actress (b. 1892)
  • December 13Curtis Hidden Page, American politician (b. 1870)
  • December 14Tom Dowse, Irish major league baseball player in the 1890s (b. 1866)
  • December 16Salman al-Murshid, Syrian religious leader and political figure (b. 1907)
  • December 20Einosuke Harada, Japanese ophthamologist (b. 1892)
  • December 22Pierre Bénard, French journalist (b. 1898)
  • December 23John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
  • December 25
    • W. C. Fields, American actor and comedian (b. 1880)
    • Henri Le Fauconnier, French painter (b. 1881)
  • December 26Franjo Bučar, Yugoslav writer (b. 1866)
  • December 27Pedro Mata Dominguez, Spanish novelist, playwright and poet (b. 1875)
  • December 28
    • Carrie Jacobs-Bond, American singer and songwriter (b. 1862)
    • Francis Salabert, French publisher (b. 1884)

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Leary, William M., ed. (1984). The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents. University of Alabama Press. pp. 20–21.
  2. "Year by Year 1946" – History Channel International
  3. Wezel, Fritz (October 1, 1948). "Pestalozzi Children Village at Trogen" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
  4. Logevall, Fredrik (2013). Embers of War. Random House. p. 136. ISBN 978-0375756474.

Further reading

  • Goulden, Joseph C. The Best Years: 1945-1950 (1976), popular social history of USA
  • Hennessy, Peter. Never Again: Britain, 1945-1951 (1994)), a scholarly survey.
  • Kynaston, David. Austerity Britain, 1945–1951 (2008) excerpt and text search, a detaied social history.
  • Sebestyen, Victor. 1946: The Making of the Modern World (2015) excerpt
  • Weisbrode, Kenneth. The Year of Indecision, 1946: A Tour Through the Crucible of Harry Truman's America (2016) excerpt

External links

Introductions

  1. Bikini

Literature

  1. The Little Prince Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Music

Albums

  1. Spirituals Paul Robeson
  2. Piano Concerto No. 2 Philadelphia Orchestra/Leopold Stokowski/Sergei Rachmaninoff

Radio

Debuts

  1. Woman's Hour
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