Culture Wikia

  • * *
  • * * ' * *
  • * * * ' * * *
1940 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1940
Ab urbe condita2693
Armenian calendar1389
Assyrian calendar6690
Bahá'í calendar96–97
Balinese saka calendar1861–1862
Bengali calendar1347
Berber calendar2890
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 5 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2484
Burmese calendar1302
Byzantine calendar7448–7449
Chinese calendar己卯(Earth Rabbit)
4636 or 4576
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4637 or 4577
Coptic calendar1656–1657
Discordian calendar3106
Ethiopian calendar1932–1933
Hebrew calendar5700–5701
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1996–1997
 - Shaka Samvat1861–1862
 - Kali Yuga5040–5041
Holocene calendar11940
Igbo calendar940–941
Iranian calendar1318–1319
Islamic calendar1358–1359
Japanese calendarShōwa 15
Javanese calendar1870–1871
Juche calendar29
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4273
Minguo calendarROC 29
Nanakshahi calendar472
Thai solar calendar2482–2483
Tibetan calendar阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
2066 or 1685 or 913
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
2067 or 1686 or 914

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the , the 40th year of the , and the 1st year of the decade.

Page Template:TOC limit/styles.css has no content.


Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.


  • January 4 – WWII: Axis powers: Luftwaffe Col Hermann Göring assumes control of most war industries in Germany.
  • January 6 – WWII: Winter War: General Semyon Timoshenko takes command of all Soviet forces.
  • January 8
    • WWII: Winter WarBattle of Suomussalmi: The Soviet 44th Rifle Division is destroyed by Finnish forces.
    • WWII: Food rationing begins in Great Britain.
  • January 9 – WWII; British submarine HMS Starfish is sunk.
  • January 10 – WWII: Mechelen incident: A German plane carrying secret plans for the invasion of western Europe makes a forced landing in Belgium, leading to mobilization of defense forces in the Low Countries.
  • January 19The Three Stooges short subject comedy film You Nazty Spy! is released, the first Hollywood parody of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis, with Moe Howard portraying "Moe Hailstone" as the Hitler-parody lead.
  • January 26 – Brisbane, Australia swelters through its hottest day ever, 43.2 degrees Celsius (109.76 Fahrenheit).
  • January 27 – WWII: A peace resolution introduced in the Parliament of South Africa is defeated 81–59.
  • January 29 – Three gasoline-powered trains carrying factory workers crash and explode while approaching Ajikawaguchi Station, Yumesaki Line (Nishinari Line), Osaka, Japan, killing at least 181 people and injuring at least 92.


  • February 1 – WWII: Winter War – Soviet forces launch a major assault on Finnish troops occupying the Karelian Isthmus.
  • February 2Vsevolod Meyerhold is executed in the Soviet Union on charges of treason and espionage. He is cleared of all charges 15 years later in the first waves of de-Stalinization
  • February 7RKO release Walt Disney's second full-length animated film, Pinocchio.
  • February 9Mae West & W. C. Fields join comedic forces for My Little Chickadee with tremendous success. The film becomes one of the highest grossing of the year.
  • February 10Tom and Jerry make their debut in Puss Gets the Boot. However it is not until 1941 that their current names are adopted.
  • February 16 – WWII: Altmark Incident: The British destroyer HMS Cossack pursues the German tanker Altmark into the neutral waters of Jøssingfjord in southwestern Norway and frees the 290 British seamen held aboard.
  • February 22 – In Tibet, province of Ando, 4-year-old Tenzin Gyatso is proclaimed the tulku (rebirth) of the thirteenth Dalai Lama.
  • February 27Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.
  • February 29Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African-American to win an Academy Award.


  • March 2 – Cartoon character Elmer Fudd makes his debut in the animated short Elmer's Candid Camera.
  • March 3 – In Luleå, Sweden, a time bomb destroys the office of Swedish communist newspaper Norrskensflamman.
  • March 5Katyn massacre: Members of the Soviet Politburo (Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov and Lavrentiy Beria) sign an order, prepared by Beria, for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs.
  • March 11Ed Ricketts, John Steinbeck and six others leave Monterey, California for the Gulf of California on a collecting expedition.
  • March 12 – The Soviet Union and Finland sign a peace treaty in Moscow ending the Winter War; Finns, along with the world at large, are shocked by the harsh terms.
  • March 18 – WWII: Axis powers: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps. After being informed by Hitler that the Germans are ready to attack in the west, Mussolini agrees to bring Italy into the war in due course.
  • March 21Édouard Daladier resigns as prime minister of France; Paul Reynaud succeeds him.
  • March 23
    • Pakistan Movement: The Lahore Resolution, calling for greater autonomy for what will become Pakistan in British India, is drawn up by the All-India Muslim League during a three-day general session at Iqbal Park, Lahore.
    • Truth or Consequences debuts on NBC Radio.
  • March 31 – WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis leaves the Wadden Sea for what will become the longest warship cruise of the war. (622 days without in-port replenishment or repair)[1]


  • April – Robin the Boy Wonder, Batman's trusted sidekick, makes his debut in Detective Comics #38.
  • April 3 – WWII: Operation Weserübung: German ships set out for the invasion of Norway.
  • April 4Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in what proves to be a tragic misjudgment, declares in a major public speech that Hitler has "missed the bus".
  • April 7Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
  • April 8 – WWII: Operation Wilfred: The British fleet lays naval mines off the coast of neutral Norway.
  • April 9 – WWII: Germany invades the neutral countries of Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung, opening the Norwegian Campaign. The British Royal Navy attempts to attack elements of the German fleet off Norway. Vidkun Quisling proclaims a new collaborationist regime in Norway. The German invasion of Denmark lasts for about six hours before that country capitulates.
  • April 10 – WWII: First Naval Battle of Narvik: The British Royal Navy attacks the German fleet in the Ofotfjord. At Bergen, German cruiser Königsberg is sunk by British Fleet Air Arm Blackburn Skua dive bombers flying from RNAS Hatston in Orkney.
  • April 12
    • The Faroe Islands are occupied by British troops, following the German invasion of Denmark. This action is taken to avert a possible German occupation of the islands with serious consequences for the course of the Battle of the Atlantic.
    • Opening day at Jamaica Race Course features the use of parimutuel betting equipment, a departure from bookmaking heretofore used exclusively throughout New York. Other tracks in the state follow suit later in 1940.
  • April 13
    • WWII: Second Naval Battle of Narvik: The British Royal Navy causes all eight defending German destroyers in the Ofotfjord to be sunk.
    • The New York Rangers win the 1940 Stanley Cup Finals in ice hockey. It will be another 54 years before their next win in 1994.
  • April 14Norwegian Campaign: First British ground forces land in Norway at Namsos and Harstad.
  • April 16 – The Cleveland Indians, behind Bob Feller's Opening Day no-hitter, defeat the Chicago White Sox, 1-0.
  • April 21Take It or Leave It makes its debut on CBS Radio, with Bob Hawk as host.
  • April 23 – The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198.


  • May 6 – The International Olympic Committee formally cancels the 1940 Summer Olympics.
  • May 10 – WWII:
    • Battle of France begins
    • German forces invade Low Countries
      • Battle of the Netherlands begins
      • Battle of Belgium begins
      • Invasion of Luxembourg begins
    • British Invasion of Iceland.
    • With the resignation of Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
File:Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg

May 10: Winston Churchill

  • May 13 – WWII:
    • Winston Churchill, in his first address as Prime Minister, tells the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, "I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears, and sweat."
    • German armies open a 60-mile (97 km) wide breach in the Maginot Line at Sedan, France.
  • May 13May 14 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her government are evacuated to London using the British destroyer HMS Hereward.
  • May 14 – WWII:
    • Rotterdam is subjected to savage terror bombing by the Luftwaffe; 980 are killed, and 20,000 buildings destroyed. General Henri Winkelman announces surrender of the Dutch army (outside Zeeland) to German forces
    • Recruitment begins in Britain for a home defence force: the Local Defence Volunteers, later known as the Home Guard.
  • May 15
    • WWII: The Dutch Army formally signs a surrender document.
    • The very first McDonald's restaurant opens in San Bernardino, California.
    • Women's stockings made of nylon are first placed on sale across the United States. Almost five million pairs are bought on this day.[2]
  • May 16 – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, addressing a joint session of the U.S. Congress, asks for an extraordinary credit of approximately $900 million to finance construction of at least 50,000 airplanes per year.
  • May 17 – WWII:
    • Brussels falls to German forces; the Belgian government flees to Ostend.
    • Zeeland is overrun by German forces, ending the Battle of the Netherlands and beginning full German occupation of the Netherlands (Noord-Beveland surrenders on May 18 and remaining Dutch troops are withdrawn from Zeelandic Flanders on May 19).
  • May 18 – Marshal Philippe Pétain is named vice-premier of France.
  • May 19 – General Maxime Weygand replaces Maurice Gamelin as commander-in-chief of all French forces.
  • May 20
    • WWII: German forces (2nd Panzer division), under General Rudolf Veiel, reach Noyelles on the English Channel.
    • Holocaust: The Nazi concentration camp and extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest of the German concentration camps, opens in occupied Poland near the town of Oświęcim. From now until January 1945, around 1.1 million people will be killed here.
  • May 22 – WWII: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939, giving the government full control over all persons and property.
  • May 24 – WWII: The Anglo-French Supreme War Council decides to withdraw all forces under its control from Norway.
  • May 26
    • WWII: The Dunkirk evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force starts.
    • First free flight of Igor Sikorsky's Vought-Sikorsky VS-300 helicopter.
  • May 28 WWII:
    • King Leopold III of Belgium orders the Belgian forces to cease fighting, ending the 18-day Battle of Belgium. Leaders of the Belgian government on French territory declare Leopold deposed.
    • In the land battle of Narvik, German forces retire giving the Allies their first victory on land in the war; however, the British have already decided to evacuate Narvik.
    • Winston Churchill warns the House of Commons of the United Kingdom to "prepare itself for hard and heavy tidings."
  • May 29 – The Vought XF4U-1, prototype of the F4U Corsair U.S. fighter later used in WWII, makes its first flight.


  • June 1
    • WW11: Flagship HMS Keith sunk by Stuka dive bombers.[3]
  • June 3
    • WWII: Paris is bombed by the Luftwaffe for the first time.
    • The Holocaust: Franz Rademacher proposes the Madagascar Plan.
    • Weather Bureau transferred to the United States Department of Commerce.
  • June 4 – WWII:
    • The Dunkirk evacuation ends: The British and French navies together with large numbers of civilian vessels from various nations complete evacuating 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France to England.
    • Winston Churchill tells the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, "We shall not flag or fail. We shall fight on the beaches... on the landing grounds... in the fields and the streets.... We shall never surrender."
  • June 7
    • Daisy Duck debuts in Mr. Duck Steps Out.
    • King Haakon VII of Norway and his government are evacuated from Tromsø to London on HMS Devonshire.[4]
  • June 9 – WWII: The British Commandos are created.
  • June 10
    • WWII: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
    • WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with his "Stab in the Back" speech during the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
    • WWII: Canada declares war on Italy.
    • WWII: The Norwegian Army surrenders to German forces.
    • WWII: The French government flees to Tours.
    • Jamaican political activist Marcus Garvey dies of a stroke in London.
  • June 11 – WWII: The Western Desert Campaign opens with British forces crossing the Frontier Wire into Italian Libya.
  • June 12 – WWII: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Major-General Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
  • June 13 – WWII: Paris is declared an open city.
  • June 14
    • WWII: The French government flees to Bordeaux and Paris falls under German occupation.
    • WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Naval Expansion Act into law, which aims to increase the United States Navy's tonnage by 11%.
    • WWII: A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • June 15
    • WWII: The Soviet Union occupies Lithuania.
    • WWII: Verdun falls to German forces.
  • June 16
    • The Churchill war ministry in the United Kingdom offers a Franco-British Union to Paul Reynaud, Prime Minister of France, in the hope of preventing France from agreeing to an armistice with Germany, but Reynaud resigns when his own cabinet refuses to accept it.
    • The Sturgis Motorcycle Rally is held for the first time in Sturgis, South Dakota.
  • June 17
    • WWII: Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France and immediately asks Germany for peace terms.
    • WWII: The Soviet Union occupies Estonia and Latvia.
    • WWII: Operation Ariel begins: Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
    • WWII: Template:RMS, serving as a troopship, is bombed and sunk by Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 88 aircraft while evacuating British troops and nationals from Saint-Nazaire in France with the loss of at least 4,000 lives, the largest single UK loss in any World War II event, immediate news of which is suppressed in the British press.[5][6] Destroyer HMS Beagle (H30) rescues around 600.
  • June 18
    • WWII: Winston Churchill tells the House of Commons of the United Kingdom: "The Battle of France is over. The Battle of Britain is about to begin."
    • WWII: Appeal of 18 June: General Charles de Gaulle, de facto leader of the Free French Forces, makes his first broadcast appeal over Radio Londres from London rallying French Resistance, calling on all French people to continue the fight against Nazi Germany: "France has lost a battle. But France has not lost the war".
  • June 22 – WWII: Second Armistice at Compiègne: The French Third Republic and Nazi Germany sign an armistice ending the Battle of France in the Forest of Compiègne, in the same Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits railroad car used by Marshal Ferdinand Foch to agree the Armistice with Germany in 1918. This divides France into a Zone occupée in the north and west under the Military Administration in France (Nazi Germany) and a southern Zone libre, Vichy France.
  • June 23 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.[7]
  • June 24
    • United States politics: The Republican Party begins its national convention in Philadelphia and nominates Wendell Willkie as its candidate for president.
    • WWII: Vichy France signs armistice terms with Italy.
  • June 25 – WWII: After the defeat of France, Hitler plans for an invasion of Switzerland, known as Operation Tannenbaum.
  • June 26Soviet calendar: The Soviet Union reverts to a seven-day week for all purposes.
  • June 28
    • General Charles de Gaulle is officially recognized by Britain as the "Leader of all Free Frenchmen, wherever they may be."
    • Romania cedes Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, after an ultimatum.
  • June 30
    • WWII: German forces land in Guernsey, marking the start of the 5-year Occupation of the Channel Islands.
    • Federal government of the United States reorganisation:
      • The Civil Aeronautics Administration is placed under the Department of Commerce.
      • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is placed under the Federal Security Agency.
      • The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is placed under the Department of the Interior.


  • July 1 – The first Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens for business, built with an 8-foot (2.4 m) girder and 190 feet (58 m) above the water, as the third longest suspension bridge in the world.
  • July 2 – WWII: British-owned SS Arandora Star, carrying civilian internees and POWs of Italian and German origin from Liverpool to Canada, is torpedoed and sunk by the Template:GS off northwest Ireland with the loss of around 865 lives.
  • July 3 – WWII: Attack on Mers-el-Kébir: British naval units sink or seize ships of the French fleet anchored in the Algerian ports of Mers-el-Kebir and Oran to prevent them falling into German hands. The following day, Vichy France breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain.
  • July 6
    • Opening of Story Bridge in Brisbane.
    • British submarine HMS Shark is sunk.
  • July 10 – WWII: The Battle of Britain begins.
  • July 11
    • WWII: British destroyer HMS Escort is torpedoed and sunk by an Italian submarine.
    • WWII: Vichy France begins with a constitutional law which only 80 members of the parliament vote against. Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • July 14 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, proclaims the intention of Great Britain to fight alone against Germany whatever the outcome: "We shall seek no terms. We shall tolerate no parley. We may show mercy. We shall ask none."
  • July 15 – U.S. politics: The Democratic Party begins its national convention in Chicago, and nominates Franklin D. Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term as president.
  • July 19
    • WWII: Allied victory at the Battle of Cape Spada Template:HMAS and five destroyers sink the Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni.
    • WWII: Adolf Hitler makes a peace appeal to Britain in an address to the Reichstag. Lord Halifax, the British foreign minister, flatly rejects peace terms in a broadcast reply on July 22.
  • July 21 – After rigged parliamentary elections in the three occupied countries on July 1415, the parliaments proclaim the Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republics
  • July 23Welles Declaration: United States Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles announces that the U.S. will not accord diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union's occupation of the Baltic states.
  • July 25 – General Henri Guisan addresses the officer corps of the Swiss army at Rütli resolving to resist any invasion of the country.
  • July 27Bugs Bunny makes his debut in the Oscar-nominated cartoon short, A Wild Hare. However, it is not until 1941 that his name is adopted.


  • August 1 – WWII: British submarine HMS Spearfish is sunk in the English Channel by what is much later discovered to be a mine.
  • August 3 – The Lithuanian SSR is annexed into the Soviet Union, followed by the Latvian SSR on August 5 and the Estonian SSR August 6, just seven weeks after their occupation.
  • August 319 – WWII: Italian conquest of British Somaliland.
  • August 4 – Gen. John J. Pershing, in a nationwide radio broadcast, urges all-out aid to Britain in order to defend the Americas, while Charles Lindbergh speaks to an isolationist rally at Soldier Field in Chicago.
  • August 8 – WWII: Wilhelm Keitel signs the "Aufbau Ost" directive, which eventually leads to the invasion of the Soviet Union.
  • August 10 – WWII: British armed merchant cruiser HMS Transylvania is torpedoed off Malin Head, Ireland, by German submarine U-56.
  • August 13 – WWII: The Adlertag ("Eagle Day") strike on southern England occurs, starting the rapid escalation of the Battle of Britain air offensive of the Luftwaffe against RAF Fighter Command.
  • August 15 – Italy, without having declared war on Greece, sinks the Greek boat Elli (Έλλη).
  • August 18HRH The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor, is installed as Governor of the Bahamas.[8]
  • August 20
    • WWII: Winston Churchill pays tribute in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom to the Royal Air Force: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
    • Leon Trotsky is attacked with an ice axe in his Mexico home by NKVD agent Ramón Mercader.
  • August 21Leon Trotsky dies of injuries sustained.
  • August 24Howard Florey and a team including Ernst Chain and Norman Heatley at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, publish their laboratory results showing the in vivo bactericidal action of penicillin. They have also purified the drug.[9][10]
  • August 25 – WWII: The first Bombing of Berlin by the British Royal Air Force.
  • August 26 – WWII: Chad is the first French colony to proclaim its support for the Allies.
  • August 30Second Vienna Award: Germany and Italy compel Romania to cede half of Transylvania to Hungary.


  • September – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division (previously a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), is activated and ordered into federal service for 1 year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in WWII.
  • September 2 – WWII: An agreement between America and Great Britain is announced to the effect that 50 U.S. destroyers needed for escort work will be transferred to Great Britain. In return, America gains 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda.
  • September 4 – WWII: In Berlin, Adolf Hitler declares in a speech that Nazi Germany will avenge all night air raids carried out by Great Britain.
  • September 5 – WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser Komet enters the Pacific Ocean via the Bering Strait after crossing the Arctic Ocean from the North Sea with the help of Soviet icebreakers Lenin, Stalin, and Kaganovich.[11]
  • September 7
    • Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria.
    • WWII: The BlitzNazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London (the first of 57 consecutive nights of strategic bombing).
  • September 9Treznea massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians kill 93 Romanian civilians in Treznea, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts to ethnic cleansing.
  • September 12
    • In Lascaux, France, 17,000-year-old cave paintings are discovered by a group of young Frenchmen hiking through Southern France. The paintings depict animals and date to the Stone Age.
    • The Hercules Munitions Plant in Succasunna-Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 55 people.
  • September 14Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts at ethnic cleansing.
  • September 16 – WWII: The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 is signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt, creating the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.
  • September 1718 – WWII: SS City of Benares is torpedoed by Template:GS in the Atlantic with the loss of 248 of the 406 on board, including child evacuees bound for Canada. This results in cancellation of the British Children's Overseas Reception Board's plan to relocate children overseas.
  • September 22Japan enters French Indochina: an agreement is signed in which Japan promises to station no more than 6,000 troops there, and never have more than 25,000 transiting the colony. Rights were also given for three airfields.
  • September 25Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany: German Reichskommissar Josef Terboven appoints a provisional council of state from the pro-Nazi Nasjonal Samling party under Vidkun Quisling as a puppet government for Norway.
  • September 26 – A group of Japanese officers in violation of an agreement signed four days earlier with French Indochina, take Đồng Đăng and Lam Sơn with 40 Franco-Vietnamese troops killed and around 1,000 deserting. The same day the United States imposes a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan.
  • September 27 – WWII: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.


  • October 1 – The first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the United States' first long-distance controlled-access highway, is opened.
  • October 11 – Portuguese-born performer Carmen Miranda makes her American film debut in Down Argentine Way one of the first films produced to promote the Good Neighbor policy.
  • October 14 – The Balham tube station disaster in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain.
  • October 15Charlie Chaplin releases his brilliant and controversial wartime satire The Great Dictator, nine months after the Stooges' You Nazty Spy!.
  • October 16 – The draft registration of approximately 16 million men begins in the United States.
  • October 1819 – WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective "wolfpack" of the war including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke.
  • October 2628 – WWII: Template:RMS, serving as a troopship under the British flag, is bombed, torpedoed and sunk off the Donegal coast with the loss of 45 lives. At 42,348 GRT she is the war's largest merchant ship loss.
  • October 28 – WWII: Italian troops invade Greece, meeting strong resistance from Greek troops and civilians. This action signals the beginning of the Balkan Campaign.
  • October 29 – The Selective Service System lottery is held in Washington, D.C..


  • November – In Cambodia the Khmer Issarak is formed to overthrow the French Army within the nation.
  • November 28 – WWII (Greco-Italian War): In the Battle of Elaia–Kalamas in Epirus outnumbered Greek forces repel the Italian Army.
  • November 5United States presidential election, 1940: Democrat incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Republican challenger Wendell Willkie and becomes the United States' first and only third-term president.
  • November 6Agatha Christie's mystery novel And Then There Were None is published in book form in the United States.
  • November 7 – In Tacoma, Washington, the 600-foot (180 m)-long center span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (known as Galloping Gertie) collapses.
  • November 8 – WWII: Template:MS is sunk by a naval mine, the first United States Merchant Marine loss of the war, off Cape Otway, Australia.
  • November 9Joaquín Rodrigo's Concierto de Aranjuez premieres in Barcelona, Spain.
  • November 101940 Vrancea earthquake: An earthquake in Romania kills 1,000.
  • November 11
    • WWII: The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian battleship fleet anchored at Taranto naval base.
    • WWII: German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail intended for British Far East Command from the SS Automedon and sends it to Japan.
    • Armistice Day Blizzard: An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in the Midwestern United States.
  • November 13Walt Disney's Fantasia is released. It is the first box office failure for Disney, though it eventually recoups its cost years later, and becomes one of the most highly regarded of Disney's films.
  • November 14 – WWII: The city centre of Coventry, England is destroyed by 500 Luftwaffe bombers: 150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, and 130 parachute mines level 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings; 568 people are killed, during the Coventry Blitz.
  • November 15Abbott and Costello make their film debut in One Night in the Tropics.
  • November 16
    • WWII: In response to Germany levelling Coventry 2 days before, the Royal Air Force begins to bomb Hamburg (by war's end, 50,000 Hamburg residents will have died from Allied attacks).
    • An unexploded pipe bomb is found in the Consolidated Edison office building (only years later is the culprit, George Metesky, apprehended).
    • The Jamaica Association of Local Government Officers is founded.
  • November 18 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.
  • November 20 – WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis powers.
  • November 25
    • Patria disaster: As British authorities attempt to deport Jewish refugees (originating from German-occupied Europe) from Mandatory Palestine to Mauritius aboard the requisitioned emigrant liner SS Patria at Haifa, the Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah sinks the ship with a bomb, killing around 250 refugees and crew.
    • de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder military aircraft both make their first flights.
    • Woody Woodpecker makes his debut in the animated short, Knock Knock.
  • November 2627Jilava Massacre: In Romania, coup leader General Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled king Carol II of Romania's aides, starting at a penitentiary near Bucharest. Among the dead is former minister and acclaimed historian Nicolae Iorga.
  • November 27 – WWII: The British Royal Navy and Italian Regia Marina fight the Battle of Cape Spartivento.


  • December – Timely Comics' Captain America Comics #1 (cover dated March 1941), first appearance of Captain America and Bucky, hits newsstands in the United States.
  • December 1Manuel Ávila Camacho takes office as President of Mexico.
  • December 6 – British submarine HMS Regulus is sunk near Taranto.
  • December 8 – The Chicago Bears, in what will become the most one-sided victory in National Football League history, defeat the Washington Redskins 73–0 in the 1940 NFL Championship Game.
  • December 9 – WWII: Operation Compass – British forces in North Africa begin their first major offensive with an attack on Italian forces at Sidi Barrani, Egypt.
  • December 12 and December 15 – WWII: "Sheffield Blitz" ("Operation Crucible") – The Yorkshire city of Sheffield is badly damaged by German air-raids.
  • December 14
    • WWII British destroyers HMS Hereward and HMS Hyperion sink an Italian submarine off Bardia.
    • Royal Navy Fairey Swordfish based on Malta bomb Tripoli.
    • Plutonium is first synthesized in the laboratory by a team led by Glenn T. Seaborg and Edwin McMillan at the University of California, Berkeley.
  • December 16 – WWII: Operation Abigail RachelRAF bombing of Mannheim.
  • December 17 – President Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, first sets forth the outline of his plan to send aid to Great Britain that will become known as Lend-Lease.
  • December 23 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy, blames Benito Mussolini for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy's historic friendship with them: "One man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians."
  • December 24Mahatma Gandhi, Indian spiritual non-violence leader writes his second letter to Adolf Hitler addressing him "My friend", requesting him to stop the war Germany had begun.
  • December 29
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a fireside chat to the nation, declares that the United States must become "the great arsenal of democracy."
    • WWII: "Second Great Fire of London" – Luftwaffe carries out a massive incendiary bombing raid, starting 1,500 fires. Many famous buildings, including the Guildhall and Trinity House, are either damaged or destroyed.
  • December 30
    • California's first modern freeway, the future State Route 110, opens to traffic in Pasadena, California, as the Arroyo Seco Parkway (now the Pasadena Freeway).
    • In Sweden, Victor Hasselblad forms the Victor Hasselblad AB Camera Company.


  • In Korea, the Hunminjeongeum (1446) is discovered, explaining the basis of the Hangul alphabet.
  • US historian Arthur Marder publishes The Anatomy of British Sea Power: a history of British naval policy in the pre-Dreadnought era, 1880-1905.
  • Walter Knott begins construction of ghost town replica which would soon evolve into Knott's Berry Farm.
  • The plane Mitsubishi A6M Zero was designed, so named as 1940 roughly corresponds to the year 2600 on the Japanese Imperial calendar.



File:Brian Josephson, March 2004.jpg

Brian Josephson


Kipchoge Keino


Jack Nicklaus

File:John Hurt by Walterlan Papetti.jpg

Sir John Hurt

File:Joachim Gauck (2014).jpg

Joachim Gauck

File:James Cromwell 2010.jpg

James Cromwell

File:Carlos Slim 2012.jpg

Carlos Slim

  • January 2Jim Bakker, American televangelist and former husband of Tammy Faye
  • January 3Leo de Berardinis, Italian stage actor and theatre director (d. 2008)
  • January 4
    • Brian Josephson, Welsh physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Gao Xingjian, Chinese-born writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • January 6Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (d. 1989)
  • January 9Miguel Ángel Rodríguez, Costa Rican politician, lawyer, economist, and businessman
  • January 14Julian Bond, American civil rights activist (d. 2015)
  • January 16Franz Müntefering, German politician
  • January 17
    • Kipchoge Keino, Kenyan athlete
    • Tabaré Vázquez, President of Uruguay
    • Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, Armenian Catholic Patriarch of Cilicia (d. 2015)
  • January 19Mike Reid, English actor (d. 2007)
  • January 20Carol Heiss, American figure skater
  • January 21
    • Jeremy Jacobs, American businessman, owner (Boston Bruins)
    • Jack Nicklaus, American golfer
  • January 22John Hurt, English actor
  • January 24Joachim Gauck, German president
  • January 27James Cromwell, American actor
  • January 28Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman


File:HR Giger 2012.jpg

H. R. Giger

File:George Romero, 66ème Festival de Venise (Mostra).jpg

George A. Romero

File:Peter Fonda 2009.jpg

Peter Fonda

  • February 1Ajmer Singh, Indian athlete and educator (d. 2010)
  • February 2David Jason, English actor
  • February 3Fran Tarkenton, American football player
  • February 4George A. Romero, American film writer and director
  • February 5H. R. Giger, Swiss artist (d. 2014)
  • February 6
    • Tom Brokaw, American television news reporter
    • Jimmy Tarbuck, English comedian
  • February 8Ted Koppel, American journalist
  • February 9
    • Brian Bennett, British drummer and songwriter (The Shadows)
    • J. M. Coetzee, South African writer, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Seamus Deane, Irish poet and novelist
  • February 12
    • Ralph Bates, English actor (d. 1991)
    • Richard Lynch, American actor (d. 2012)
  • February 17Gene Pitney, American singer (d. 2006)
  • February 18Fabrizio De André, Italian singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
  • February 19Smokey Robinson, American musician
  • February 20Jimmy Greaves, English footballer
  • February 21Akihiko Kumashiro, Japanese politician
  • February 22
    • Judy Cornwell, English actress
    • Johnson Mlambo, South African politician
    • Billy Name, American photographer and Warhol archivist (d. 2016)
  • February 23Peter Fonda, American actor
  • February 24
    • Pete Duel, American actor (d. 1971)
    • Denis Law, Scottish football player
  • February 25Ron Santo, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • February 27Howard Hesseman, American actor
  • February 28
    • Mario Andretti, American race car driver
    • Joe South, American singer and songwriter (d. 2012)


File:Raul Julia - Dracula.jpg

Raúl Juliá

File:Chuck Norris May 2015.jpg

Chuck Norris

Page Template:Multiple image/styles.css has no content.

  • March 1Nuala O'Faolain, Irish journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • March 3
    • Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist
    • Owen Spencer-Thomas, English broadcaster, journalist and clergyman
  • March 6Willie Stargell, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • March 7Rudi Dutschke, German radical student leader (d. 1979)
  • March 8Susan Clark, Canadian actress (Webster)
  • March 9Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
  • March 10
    • Chuck Norris, American actor and martial artist
    • Dean Torrence, American singer (Jan and Dean)
  • March 12Al Jarreau, American singer
  • March 13Candi Staton, American singer
  • March 15Phil Lesh, American musician (Grateful Dead)
  • March 16
    • Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian writer and film director
    • Jan Pronk, Dutch politician and diplomat
    • James Wong, Hong Kong composer (d. 2004)
  • March 17Mark White, Governor of Texas
  • March 21Solomon Burke, American singer and songwriter (d. 2010)
  • March 22Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian actor (d. 1996)
  • March 25
    • Anita Bryant, American entertainer
    • Mina, Italian singer
  • March 26
    • James Caan, American actor
    • Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • March 29


File:Drottning Margrethe av Danmark.jpg

Margrethe II of Denmark

File:Al Pacino.jpg

Al Pacino


File:Ricky Nelson photograph.jpg

Ricky Nelson

  • May 1Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • May 2Jo Ann Pflug, American former actress and motivational speaker
  • May 5Lance Henriksen, American actor and potter
  • May 7
    • Angela Carter, English author and editor (d. 1992)
    • Jim Connors, American radio personality (d. 1987)
  • May 8
    • Peter Benchley, American author (d. 2006)
    • Ricky Nelson, American singer (d. 1985)
    • Toni Tennille, American singer
  • May 9James L. Brooks, American film producer and writer
  • May 11Juan Downey, Chilean-born video artist (d. 1993)
  • May 13Bruce Chatwin, British author (d. 1989)
  • May 14'H'. Jones, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • May 15
    • Lainie Kazan, American actress and singer
    • Don Nelson, American basketball player and coach
  • May 17
    • Alan Kay, American computer scientist
    • Reynato Puno, Filipino Supreme Court Chief Justice
  • May 18Lenny Lipton, American inventor
  • May 20
    • Stan Mikita, Slovakian-born Canadian hockey player
    • Sadaharu Oh, Japanese baseball player
  • May 22Bernard Shaw, American journalist and television news reporter
  • May 24Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • May 29Farooq Leghari, 8th President of Pakistan (d. 2010)


File:Tom Jones concert.jpg

Tom Jones

File:Nancy Sinatra.JPG

Nancy Sinatra

File:John Mahoney.jpg

John Mahoney

  • June 1René Auberjonois, American actor
  • June 2Constantine II of Greece
  • June 4Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian bishop
  • June 6Richard Paul, American actor (d. 1998)
  • June 7
    • Monica Evans, British actress
    • Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • June 8Nancy Sinatra, American singer
  • June 16
    • Carole Ann Ford, British actress
    • Neil Goldschmidt, Governor of Oregon
    • Taylor Gun-Jin Wang, Chinese-American astronaut
  • June 17
    • George Akerlof, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Alan Murray, Australian professional golfer
  • June 19Paul Shane, English-born actor (d. 2013)
  • June 20John Mahoney, English-born actor
  • June 21Mariette Hartley, American actress
  • June 22
    • Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film producer (d. 2016)
    • Esther Rantzen, British broadcaster
  • June 23
    • Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
    • Lord Irvine of Lairg, Lord Chancellor of England
    • Wilma Rudolph, American athlete (d. 1994)
  • June 25A. J. Quinnell, English writer (d. 2005)
  • June 27Anil Karanjai, Indian painter of the Hungry generation movement. (d. 2001)
  • June 28Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 29Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer


File:Ringo Starr and all his band (8470866906).jpg

Ringo Starr

File:Patrick Stewart Head Shot.jpg

Sir Patrick Stewart

File:James Brolin 2013 (cropped).jpg

James Brolin

File:Roy walker 2012.jpg

Roy Walker

  • July 2Christopher Awdry, English children's writer & son of Wilbert Awdry
  • July 3
    • César Tovar, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1994)
    • Fontella Bass, American soul singer (d. 2012)
  • July 6Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan
  • July 7Ringo Starr, British drummer (The Beatles)
  • July 10
    • Gene Alley, American baseball player
    • Helen Donath, American soprano
    • Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
  • July 13
    • Paul Prudhomme, American celebrity chef and cookbook author (d. 2015)
    • Patrick Stewart, English actor
  • July 17
    • Tim Brooke-Taylor, English comedian
    • Verne Lundquist, American sportscaster
  • July 18
    • James Brolin, American actor and director
    • Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • July 22Alex Trebek, Canadian game show host
  • July 24Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian
  • July 26Mary Jo Kopechne, American aide to Ted Kennedy (d. 1969)
  • July 27
    • Pina Bausch, German choreographer (d. 2009)
    • Bharati Mukherjee, Indian-born novelist
  • July 31Roy Walker, Northern Irish comedian


File:Sheen, Martin (2008).jpg

Martin Sheen

File:Jack Thompson speaks at the media.jpg

Jack Thompson

  • August 1Ram Loevy, Israeli screenwriter and director
  • August 3Martin Sheen, American actor, father of Charlie Sheen
  • August 7Jean-Luc Dehaene, Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 2014)
  • August 8Dilip Sardesai, former Indian cricketer (d. 2007)
  • August 10Bobby Hatfield, American singer (The Righteous Brothers) (d. 2003)
  • August 13Dirk Sager, German journalist (d. 2014)
  • August 14
    • Galen Hall, American football coach
    • Max Schautzer, Austrian born, German radio and television presenter
  • August 19Jill St. John, American actress
  • August 20
    • Musa Geshaev, Chechen poet and historian (d. 2014)
    • Rubén Hinojosa, American politician
  • August 23Tom Baker, American actor (d. 1982)
  • August 25José van Dam, Belgian bass-baritone
  • August 27
    • Fernest Arceneaux, American musician (d. 2008)
    • Sonny Sharrock, American jazz musician (d. 1994)
  • August 29
    • Bennie Maupin, American musician
    • Johnny Paris, American musician (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (d. 2006)
    • Wim Ruska, Dutch wrestler and martial artist (d. 2015)
  • August 31
    • Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bassist (d. 2015)
    • Jack Thompson, Australian actor


File:Pauline Collins in November 2012.jpg

Pauline Collins


Raquel Welch

File:Linda Gray.jpg

Linda Gray

  • September 3
    • Joseph C. Strasser, American admiral
    • Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan writer (d. 2015)
    • Pauline Collins, English actress
  • September 5Raquel Welch, American actress
  • September 7
    • Abdurrahman Wahid, former President of Indonesia (d. 2009)
    • Dario Argento, Italian filmmaker.
  • September 10David Mann, American artist (d. 2004)
  • September 11
    • Brian De Palma, American film director
    • Ajit Singh, Indian-born economist (d. 2015)
  • September 12
    • Linda Gray, American model and actress
    • Skip Hinnant, American actor
    • Mickey Lolich, American baseball player
  • September 13Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • September 14Larry Brown, American basketball coach
  • September 18Frankie Avalon, American singer and actor
  • September 20Tarō Asō, 59th Prime Minister of Japan
  • September 23
    • Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, Iranian traditional singer
    • Michel Temer, Brazilian politician, President of Brazil in 2016
  • September 24Michiko Suganuma, Urushi Japanese lacquer artist



John Lennon

File:Michael Gambon cropped.jpg

Michael Gambon




File:Roldos aguilera jaime.gif

Jaime Roldós Aguilera

File:Bruce Lee as Kato 1967.jpg

Bruce Lee

File:Qabus bin Said.jpg

Qaboos bin Said al Said

  • November 1Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
  • November 2Carolin Reiber, German television presenter
  • November 5Jaime Roldós Aguilera, 33rd President of Ecuador (1979-1981) (d. 1981)
  • November 11Turan Emeksiz, Turkish student killed in demonstrations (d. 1960)
  • November 12Glenn Stetson, Canadian singer (d. 2003)
  • November 15
    • Roberto Cavalli, Italian designer
    • Sam Waterston, American actor
  • November 17Luke Kelly, Irish ballad singer (The Dubliners) (d. 1984)
  • November 18Qaboos bin Said al Said, Sultan of Oman
  • November 20Helma Sanders-Brahms, German film director (d. 2014)
  • November 21Richard Marcinko, U.S. Navy SEAL team member and author
  • November 22
    • Andrzej Żuławski, Polish film director and writer (d. 2016)
    • Terry Gilliam, American-born British screenwriter, director and animator
  • November 25
    • Joe Gibbs, American football coach
    • Percy Sledge, American singer (d. 2015)
  • November 27Bruce Lee, Chinese-American martial artist and actor (d. 1973)
  • November 29Chuck Mangione, American flugelhorn player


File:Richard Pryor (1986) (cropped).jpg

Richard Pryor

File:The famous mustache and goatee.jpg

Frank Zappa

Date unknown[]

  • Michael Jackson, New Zealand poet and anthropologist



  • January – Fusajiro Yamauchi, Japanese business executive (b. 1859)
  • January 4Flora Finch, English-born actress and comedian (b. 1869)
  • January 18Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Polish poet and writer (b. 1865)
  • January 27Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (executed) (b. 1894)


File:Gunnar Höckert 1936.jpg

Gunnar Hockert

  • February 1Philip Francis Nowlan, American science fiction writer, creator of Buck Rogers (b. 1888)
  • February 2
    • Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatre practitioner (b. 1874)
    • Mikhail Koltsov, Soviet journalist (executed) (b. 1898)
  • February 4Samuel M. Vauclain, American engineer (b. 1856)
  • February 9William Edward Dodd, American historian and diplomat (b. 1869)
  • February 11
    • John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Scottish-born novelist and Governor General of Canada (b. 1875)
    • Gunnar Hockert, Finnish Olympic athlete (b. 1910)
  • February 26Michael Hainisch, 2nd President of Austria (b. 1858)
  • February 27Peter Behrens, German architect and designer (b. 1868)
  • February 29Edward Frederic Benson, English writer


File:Selma Lagerlöf.jpg

Selma Lagerlöf

File:Spyridon Louis 1896.jpg

Spyridon Louis

  • March 1Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian writer (b. 1878)
  • March 5
    • Maxine Elliott, American actress (b. 1868)
    • Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (b. 1868)
  • March 10Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • March 11John Monk Saunders, American writer (b. 1897)
  • March 16Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1858)
  • March 20Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • March 26Spyridon Louis, Greek runner (b. 1873)
  • March 27
    • Madeleine Astor, American survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic (b. 1893)
    • Michael Joseph Savage, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1872)
  • March 30George Egerton, British admiral (b. 1852)
  • March 31Tinsley Lindley, English footballer (b. 1865)


File:Carl Bosch.jpg

Carl Bosch


  • May 7George Lansbury, British Labour politician (b. 1859)
  • May 11Chujiro Hayashi, Japanese Reiki Master (b. 1880)
  • May 14Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist (b. 1869)
  • May 15Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer (b. 1902)
  • May 19Diego Mazquiarán, Spanish matador (b. 1895)
  • May 20Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • May 25Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (b. 1873)
  • May 26Wilhelm of Prussia, Prussian prince (b. 1906)
  • May 28
    • Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse (b. 1868)
    • Walter Connolly, American actor (b. 1887)
  • May 29Mary Anderson, American stage actress (b. 1859)



Arthur Harden

File:Janusz Kusociński.jpg

Janusz Kusocinski

File:Paul Klee 1911.jpg

Paul Klee

  • June 7
    • James Hall, American actor (b. 1900)
    • Hugh Rodman, American admiral (b. 1859)
  • June 10Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born publisher, entrepreneur, and black nationalist (b. 1887)
  • June 11Alfred S. Alschuler, American architect (b. 1876)
  • June 13George Fitzmaurice, American director (b. 1885)
  • June 14Henry W. Antheil, Jr., American diplomat (b. 1912)
  • June 17Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • June 19Maurice Jaubert, French composer (b. 1900)
  • June 20Charley Chase, American comedian (b. 1893)
  • June 21
    • Édouard Vuillard, French painter (b. 1868)
    • Smedley Butler, U.S. general (b. 1881)
    • Janusz Kusociński, Polish athlete (killed in action) (b. 1907)
    • John T. Thompson, United States Army officer and inventor of the Thompson gun (b. 1860)
  • June 22Walter Hasenclever, German poet and playwright (b. 1890)
  • June 28Italo Balbo, Italian Fascist leader (b. 1896)
  • June 29Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879)


  • July 1Ben Turpin, American actor (b. 1869)
  • July 9Józef Biniszkiewicz, Silesian politician (b. 1875)
  • July 15Robert Wadlow, tallest man ever (infection) (b. 1918)
  • July 30Spencer S. Wood, United States Navy rear admiral (b. 1861)


File:Trotsky Portrait.jpg

Leon Trotsky


Paul Nipkow

File:J.J Thomson.jpg

J. J. Thomson

  • August 5Frederick Albert Cook, American explorer (b. 1865)
  • August 8Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1892)
  • August 13
    • James Fairbairn, Australian pastoralist, aviator, and politician (b. 1897)
    • Sir Henry Gullett, Australian politician (b. 1878)
    • Geoffrey Street, Australian politician (b. 1894)
    • Sir Brudenell White, Australian general (b. 1876)
  • August 18Walter Chrysler, American automobile pioneer (b. 1875)
  • August 21
    • Hermann Obrecht, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1882)
    • Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (assassinated) (b. 1879)
  • August 22
    • Sir Oliver Lodge, British physicist (b. 1851)
    • Gerald Strickland, 4th Prime Minister of Malta, 23rd Governor of New South Wales, 15th Governor of Western Australia and 9th Governor of Tasmania (b. 1861)
    • Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist (b. 1860)
  • August 24Paul Nipkow, German technician and inventor (b. 1860)
  • August 28William Bowie, American geodetic engineer (b. 1872)
  • August 30J. J. Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
  • August 31Ernest Lundeen, American lawyer and politician (b. 1878)



  • October 5
    • Ballington Booth, American co-founder of Volunteers of America (b. 1857)
    • Lincoln Loy McCandless, Hawaiian politician and cattle rancher (b. 1859)
    • Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican composer (b. 1899)
  • October 9Wilfred Grenfell, English medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador (b. 1865)
  • October 10Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
  • October 11Adolf von Trotha, German admiral (b. 1868)
  • October 12Tom Mix, American actor (b. 1880)
  • October 15Lluís Companys, President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (executed) (b. 1882)
  • October 17George Davis, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870)


File:Right Honourable Neville Chamberlain. Wellcome M0003096.jpg

Neville Chamberlain

  • November 3Manuel Azaña, 2nd President of the Spanish Second Republic and 55th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1880)
  • November 5Otto Plath, father of American poet Sylvia Plath, and entomologist (b. 1885)
  • November 9
    • Neville Chamberlain, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1869)
    • John Henry Kirby, Texas legislator and American businessman (b. 1860)
  • November 17
    • Eric Gill, British sculptor and writer (b. 1882)
    • Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • November 19Ralph W. Barnes, American journalist (b. 1899)
  • November 27
    • Nicolae Iorga, Romanian historian and politician, 34th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1871)
    • Jean Chiappe, French civil servant (b. 1878)
    • Henri Guillaumet, French aviator (b. 1902)


File:F Scott Fitzgerald 1921.jpg

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Nobel Prizes[]


  1. Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 14. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.
  2. Trossarelli, L. (2010). "the history of nylon". Club Alpino Italiano, Centro Studi Materiali e Tecniche. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-28. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  4. Borgersrud, Lars (1995). "Nøytralitetsvakt". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik; Hjeltnes, Guri; Nøkleby, Berit; Ringdal, Nils Johan; Sørensen, Øystein (eds.). Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-1945 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. 313. ISBN 82-02-14138-9. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. "Lancastria's end told by survivors; Italian and Nazi Planes Said to Have Shot at Swimmers and Fired Oily Waters; Many Caught Below Deck; Rescue Craft Reported Set Ablaze; Victims Include Women and Children". New York Times. July 26, 1940. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  6. Hooton, E. R. (2007). Luftwaffe at War: Blitzkrieg in the West. London: Chervron/Ian Allan. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-85780-272-6.
  7. "Hitler Picture: Hitler in Paris". 20th Century History. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  8. Bloch, Michael (1982). The Duke of Windsor's War. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-77947-8.
  9. Drews, Jürgen (March 2000). "Drug Discovery: a Historical Perspective". Science. 287 (5460): 1960–4. doi:10.1126/science.287.5460.1960. PMID 10720314.
  10. Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. p. 124.
  11. Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 58. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.