Culture Wikia

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1934 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1934
Ab urbe condita2687
Armenian calendar1383
Assyrian calendar6684
Bahá'í calendar90–91
Balinese saka calendar1855–1856
Bengali calendar1341
Berber calendar2884
British Regnal year24 Geo. 5 – 25 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2478
Burmese calendar1296
Byzantine calendar7442–7443
Chinese calendar癸酉(Water Rooster)
4630 or 4570
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4631 or 4571
Coptic calendar1650–1651
Discordian calendar3100
Ethiopian calendar1926–1927
Hebrew calendar5694–5695
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1990–1991
 - Shaka Samvat1855–1856
 - Kali Yuga5034–5035
Holocene calendar11934
Igbo calendar934–935
Iranian calendar1312–1313
Islamic calendar1352–1353
Japanese calendarShōwa 9
Javanese calendar1864–1865
Juche calendar23
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4267
Minguo calendarROC 23
Nanakshahi calendar466
Thai solar calendar2476–2477
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
2060 or 1679 or 907
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
2061 or 1680 or 908

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the , the 34th year of the , and the 5th year of the decade.

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Main article: January 1934
  • January 1International Telecommunication Union established.
  • January 7 – The Flash Gordon comic strip is first published, in the United States.
  • January 15 – The 8.0 Mw Nepal–Bihar earthquake strikes Nepal and Bihar with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing an estimated 6,000–10,700 people.
  • January 20 – The Japanese company Fuji Photo Film is established.
  • January 26 – The 10 year German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed by Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic.
  • January 30 – In Nazi Germany the political power of the federal states such as Prussia is substantially abolished by the "Law on the Reconstruction of the Reich" (Gesetz über den Neuaufbau des Reiches).


Main article: February 1934
  • February 6French political crisis: The French far-right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup d'état against the Third Republic.
  • February 9
    • Gaston Doumergue forms a new government in France.
    • Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia form the Balkan Pact.
  • February 1216Austrian Civil War: the Fatherland Front consolidates its power in a series of clashes across the country.
  • February 16Commission of Government sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • February 21Augusto César Sandino is assassinated in Managua by the National Guard.


Main article: March 1934
  • March 1Manchuria becomes Manchukuo, following an invasion by the Japanese.
  • March 12 – Prime Minister in duties of the State Elder Konstantin Päts and General Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia to neutralize the popular right wing Vaps Movement, starting the Era of Silence. Their actions are initially approved by the Riigikogu.
  • March 20 – The Great Hakodate Fire kills at least 2,166 people in southern Hokkaido, Japan.
  • March 24 – The Tydings–McDuffie Act is passed, allowing the Philippines a greater degree of self-government from the United States.


Main article: April 1934
  • April 6Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
  • April 21Surgeon's Photograph: London gynaecologist Robert Kenneth Wilson takes a photograph of the Loch Ness Monster before being proven in 1994 it was an elaborate hoax.


Main article: May 1934
File:Bonnieclyde f.jpg

May 23: Bonnie and Clyde killed in a police ambush.

  • May 1 – The May Constitution of 1934 heralds the beginning of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria.
  • May 5 – The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released.
  • May 15Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
  • May 19Kimon Georgiev stages a coup d'état in Bulgaria.
  • May 23 – American outlaws Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed and killed by police in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.
  • May 28 – Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne, becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.


Main article: June 1934
  • June 9 – The Disney animated short, The Wise Little Hen featuring the debut of Donald Duck is released.
  • June 10Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2–1 after extra time to win the 1934 World Cup.
  • June 12 – Political parties are banned in Bulgaria.
  • June 14Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet for the first time, at the Venice Biennale.
  • June 18 – The Indian Reorganization Act is enacted.
  • June 27 – The Emir of Yemen and ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia conclude a peace treaty.
  • June 30July 2Night of the Long Knives in Germany: Nazis purge the Sturmabteilung (SA), the left-wing Strasserist faction of the Nazi Party and prominent conservative anti-Nazis in a series of political murders.
  • June 30 – The Nazi Party SA camp Oranienburg becomes a national camp, taken over by the Schutzstaffel (SS).


Main article: July 1934
  • July 13 – Hitler gives a speech to the Reichstag justifying his purge.
  • July 15 – The American film industry begins to rigorously enforce the Motion Picture Production Code.
  • July 25July Putsch: Austrian Nazis assassinate chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss during a failed coup attempt.


Main article: August 1934
  • August 2Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, or head of state combined with that of Chancellor following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
  • August 8 – The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
  • August 15 – The United States Marine Corps leaves Haiti.
  • August 19German referendum, 1934: In a referendum, 90% of the German population approves of Hitler's assumption of presidential powers as Führer and Reichskanzler.


Main article: September 1934
File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-16196, Nürnberg, Reichsparteitag, SA- und SS-Appell.jpg

Nuremberg Rally of 1934

  • September 510 – 6th Nuremberg Rally staged by the German Nazi Party.
  • September 8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle kills 134 people.
  • September 19
    • The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations.
    • Bruno Richard Hauptmann is arrested in connection with the Lindbergh kidnapping case in the U.S.
  • September 21Muroto typhoon in Honshū, Japan kills 3,036 people, and destroys the temple, schools, and other buildings in Osaka.
  • September 22 – A gas explosion at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, kills 266 miners and rescuers.
  • September 28Afghanistan joins the League of Nations.


Main article: October 1934
  • October 2 – A tornado in Osaka and Kyoto kills 1,660, injures 5,400, and destroys the rice harvest.
  • October 6Events of October the 6th: the President of Catalonia, Lluís Companys, declared the Catalan State of the Spanish Federal Republic, but Spanish troops swiftly crushed the Catalan forces and arrested him and the members of the Catalan government. The autonomy of Catalonia was suspended until 1936.
  • October 9 – King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French foreign minister Louis Barthou are assassinated during the king's state visit in Marseille.
  • October 16 – The Long March of the People's Liberation Army of the Communist Party of China begins.
  • October 20 – Start of MacRobertson Air Race from London to Melbourne


Main article: November 1934
  • November 23 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lays well within Ethiopian territory. This encounter leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • November 27Daniel Salamanca Urey, President of Bolivia, is deposed in a military coup and replaced by José Luis Tejada Sorzano.


Main article: December 1934
  • December 5Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire. Reported casualties for the Ethiopians are 150, and for the Italians 50.
  • December 27 – Persia becomes Iran.
  • December 29 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

Date unknown[]

  • Winter – Tadj ol-Molouk, Empress consort of Iran, and her daughters appear publicly in Tehran without a veil, leading to its abolition in the country.
  • Abidjan becomes the capital of the French colony of Ivory Coast.
  • The sonoluminescence effect is discovered at the University of Cologne.
  • The Australian frontier wars end after 146 years.
  • Yomiuri Giants, a successful professional baseball club in Japan, founded in Tokyo.[citation needed]



File:Jean Chretien 2010.jpg

Jean Chrétien


File:Niklaus Wirth, UrGU.jpg

Niklaus Wirth

File:Bobby Unser - 2015 Indianapolis 500 - Stierch.jpg

Bobby Unser

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Bettino Craxi

  • February 5Hank Aaron, African-American baseball player
  • February 7
    • Eddie Fenech Adami, 7th President and 10th Prime Minister of Malta
    • Earl King, American musician (d. 2003)
  • February 10Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
  • February 11
    • Tina Louise, American actress
    • Mary Quant, British fashion designer
    • John Surtees, British race car driver
    • Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
  • February 12
    • Anne Krueger, American economist
    • Bill Russell, American basketball player
  • February 13George Segal, American actor
  • February 14
    • Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
    • Florence Henderson, American actress, singer and television personality (d. 2016)
  • February 15Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist
  • February 16Harold "Hal" & Herbert "Herbie" Kalin, American singers (The Kalin Twins) (d. 2005 and 2006, respectively)
  • February 17
    • Sir Alan Bates, British actor (d. 2003)
    • Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian
  • February 18Ronald F. Marryott, American admiral (d. 2005)
  • February 20Bobby Unser, American race car driver
  • February 21Rue McClanahan, American actress (d. 2010)
  • February 22
    • Sparky Anderson, American baseball manager (d. 2010)
    • Van Williams, American actor
  • February 23Augusto Algueró, Spanish composer (d. 2011)
  • February 24
    • Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 2000)
    • Renata Scotto, Italian soprano
    • Bingu wa Mutharika, Malawian President and economist (d. 2012)
  • February 25Bernard Bresslaw, British actor (d. 1993)
  • February 27
    • Vincent Fourcade, French-born interior designer and socialite (d. 1992)
    • Ralph Nader, American consumer activist and presidential candidate


File:Gagarin in Sweden.jpg

Yuri Gagarin

File:Alan Arkin - 1975.jpg

Alan Arkin

File:Richard Chamberlain DF-ST-83-03559.jpg

Richard Chamberlain

  • March 1
    • Jean-Michel Folon, Belgian sculptor (d. 2005)
    • Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
  • March 4
    • Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian composer
    • John Duffey, American bluegrass musician (d. 1996)
    • Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001)
    • Barbara McNair, African-American singer and actress (d. 2007)
    • Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • March 5
    • Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Nicholas Smith, English actor (d. 2015)
  • March 7
    • Franklin Clarke, American football player
    • Willard Scott, American television weather reporter
  • March 9
    • Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer and teacher (d. 1999)
    • Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, first man in space (d. 1968)
    • Joyce Van Patten, American actress
  • March 11Sam Donaldson, American reporter
  • March 13Barry Hughart, American author
  • March 14
    • Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
    • Paul Rader, General of The Salvation Army
  • March 15Richard Layard, Baron Layard, British economist
  • March 16Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • March 17Frederick T. Mackenzie, American sedimentary and global biogeochemist
  • March 20Willie Brown, Mayor of San Francisco
  • March 22
    • Orrin Hatch, U.S. Senator from Utah
    • Larry Martyn, British comic actor (d. 1994)
  • March 23Mark Rydell, American actor and director
  • March 25Gloria Steinem, American feminist
  • March 26Alan Arkin, American actor
  • March 28
    • Laurie Taitt, British sprint hurdler (d. 2006)
    • Lester R. Brown, American Author and Environmentalist.
  • March 31
    • Richard Chamberlain, American actor
    • Shirley Jones, American singer, actress, and first wife of Jack Cassidy
    • Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Orion Samuelson, American television personality


File:Roman Herzog.jpg

Roman Herzog

File:Shirley MacLaine - 1960jpg.jpg

Shirley MacLaine

  • April 1
    • Jim Ed Brown, American country singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
    • Don Hastings, American actor
    • Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
  • April 2
    • Paul Avery, American journalist (d. 2000)
    • Paul Cohen, American mathematician (d. 2007)
    • Brian Glover, British actor and wrestler (d. 1997)
  • April 3Jane Goodall, British zoologist
  • April 5Roman Herzog, 9th President of Germany
  • April 6Anton Geesink, Dutch 10th-dan judoka (d. 2010)
  • April 9Bill Birch, New Zealand politician
  • April 11Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet (d. 2014)
  • April 16Vince Hill, English singer-songwriter, producer and playwright
  • April 18James Drury, American actor
  • April 24
    • Jayakanthan, Tamil writer
    • Shirley MacLaine, American actress, dancer, writer
  • April 25
    • Peter McParland, Irish footballer
    • Denny Miller, American actor (Wagon Train) (d. 2014)
  • April 29
    • Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires, President of Cape Verde
    • Akira Takarada, Japanese actor


  • May 3
    • Henry Cooper, British boxer (d. 2011)
    • Frankie Valli, American musician
  • May 4Tatiana Samoilova, Russian actress (d. 2014)
  • May 6Richard Shelby, U. S. senator from Alabama
  • May 9Alan Bennett, British actor and writer
  • May 10Gary Owens, American disc jockey, voice actor and announcer (d. 2015)
  • May 13Leon Wagner, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • May 15George Roper, British comedian (d. 2003)
  • May 18Dwayne Hickman, American actor
  • May 19Jim Lehrer, American television journalist
  • May 21Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 22Peter Nero, American pianist
  • May 23Robert Moog, American inventor of the synthesizer (d. 2005)
  • May 24Barry Rose, British choir director and organist
  • May 27Harlan Ellison, American writer
  • May 28Dionne quintuplets, Canadian quintuplets
  • May 29Nanette Newman, English actress and author
  • May 30Alexey Leonov, Russian cosmonaut


File:Albert II of Belgium.jpg

Albert II of Belgium

  • June 1
    • Pat Boone, American actor and singer
    • Ken Rex McElroy, American criminal (d. 1981)
  • June 3Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • June 4
    • Dame Monica Dacon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines schoolteacher, educator and politician
    • Dame Daphne Sheldrick, Kenyan conservationist and author
  • June 5Bill Moyers, American journalist
  • June 6 – King Albert II of Belgium
  • June 15Rubén Aguirre, Mexican actor (d. 2016)
  • June 16
    • Dame Eileen Atkins, British actress
    • Kumari Kamala, Indian dancer and actress
    • William F. Sharpe, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 20Samuel Zoll, Massachusetts jurist (d. 2011)
  • June 25
    • Beatriz Sheridan, Mexican actress and director (d. 2006)
    • Jack Hayford, American evangelist and author
  • June 26Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • June 28Carl Levin, United States Senator
  • June 30Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)


File:Sydney Pollack.jpg

Sydney Pollack


Giorgio Armani

  • July 1
    • Jamie Farr, American actor
    • Jean Marsh, British actress
    • Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008)
  • July 8Marty Feldman, English comedy writer, comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • July 9Michael Graves, American architect (d. 2015)
  • July 10
    • Alfred Biolek, German entertainer and television producer
    • Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer (d. 2012)
  • July 11Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
  • July 12Van Cliburn, American pianist (d. 2013)
  • July 13
    • Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Aleksei Yeliseyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • July 14John Tyndall, British politician (d. 2005)
  • July 15Harrison Birtwistle, British composer
  • July 19Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980)
  • July 21Jonathan Miller, British theatre director
  • July 22Louise Fletcher, American actress
  • July 24P. S. Soosaithasan, Sri Lankan Tamil politician
  • July 27 – Luang Por Ajahn Sumedho, Theravada Buddhist representative in the West
  • July 28Bud Luckey, American voice actor and Pixar animator
  • July 30Bud Selig, American Major League Baseball commissioner



Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

  • August 2Valery Bykovsky, Russian cosmonaut
  • August 3Jonas Savimbi, Angolan political and rebel leader (d. 2002)
  • August 4Dallas Green, American baseball manager and executive
  • August 5
    • Wendell Berry, American novelist, essayist, poet
    • Gay Byrne, Irish broadcaster
  • August 6Billy Boston, Welsh rugby league footballer
  • August 10James Tenney, American experimental composer (d. 2006)
  • August 15Nino Ferrer, French singer (d. 1998)
  • August 16
    • Donnie Dunagan, American actor
    • Ed van Thijn, Dutch politician
    • Diana Wynne Jones, British writer (d. 2011)
  • August 18
    • Vincent Bugliosi, American prosecutor and author (d. 2015)
    • Ronnie Carroll, Northern Irish singer (d. 2015)
    • Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 1972)
  • August 19Renée Richards, American transsexual physician and tennis player
  • August 20
    • Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952
    • Tom Mangold, British journalist and author
  • August 22Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army general (d. 2012)
  • August 23Sonny Jurgensen, American football player
  • August 24Kenny Baker, English actor (d. 2016)
  • August 25
    • Eddie Ilarde, Filipino broadcaster and politician
    • Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, 4th President of Iran
  • August 26Tom Heinsohn, American basketball player, coach, and broadcaster
  • August 30
    • Helen Craig, English children's author, illustrator (Angelina Ballerina)
    • Anatoly Solonitsyn, Russian actor (d. 1982)


File:Sophia Loren - 1959.jpg

Sophia Loren

File:Leonard Cohen concert of the 2008 tour.jpg

Leonard Cohen

File:Brigitte Bardot - 1962.jpg

Brigitte Bardot

  • September 2Grady Nutt, American humorist (d. 1982)
  • September 4
    • Clive Granger, Welsh-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
    • Eduard Khil, Russian baritone singer ("Trololo") (d. 2012)
  • September 6Marshall Rosenberg, American psychologist and writer (d. 2015)
  • September 7
    • Little Milton, American musician (d. 2005)
    • Omar Karami, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2015)
  • September 8Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer (d. 2016)
  • September 9Nicholas Liverpool, Dominican lawyer and politician, 6th President of Dominica (d. 2015)
  • September 10Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
  • September 11Ian Abercrombie, English-American actor (d. 2012)
  • September 15Fred Nile, Australian Christian politician
  • September 16
    • Elgin Baylor, American basketball player and executive
    • Ronnie Drew, Irish singer with The Dubliners band (d. 2008)
  • September 17
    • Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
    • Binoy Majumdar, Indian Hungryalist poet (d. 2006)
  • September 19Brian Epstein, English manager of the Beatles (d. 1967)
  • September 20
    • David Marquand, English academic and politician
    • Jeff Morris, American actor (d. 2004)
    • Rajinder Puri, Indian cartoonist, veteran columnist and political activist (d. 2015)
    • Sophia Loren, Italian actress
    • Tony Alamo, American religious leader and convicted criminal
    • Takayuki Kubota, martial artist and founder of the Gosoku-ryu style of karate
  • September 21
  • September 22Lute Olson, American basketball coach
  • September 23Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • September 24
    • Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
    • Robert Lang, English stage and television actor (d. 2004)
  • September 27
    • Beverly Armstrong, American female professional baseball player
    • Wilford Brimley, American actor
  • September 28Brigitte Bardot, French actress, animal rights activist
  • September 30
    • Alan A'Court, English footballer (d. 2009)
    • Udo Jürgens, Austrian-Swiss composer and singer of popular music (d. 2014)
    • Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress (d. 2015)


File:Nana Mouskouri 919-2233.jpg

Nana Mouskouri

  • October 1
    • Chuck Hiller, American baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Emilio Botín, Spanish banker (d. 2014)
    • Shakeb Jalali, Urdu poet (d. 1966)
  • October 2Earl Wilson, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • October 3Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • October 4Sam Huff, American football player
  • October 7Amiri Baraka, African-American poet, playwright and activist (d. 2014)
  • October 9
    • Jill Ker Conway, Australian-born author
    • Abdullah Ibrahim, South African pianist and composer
  • October 13Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer
  • October 17Rico Rodriguez, Cuban-born Jamaican trombonist (d. 2015)
  • October 18Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • October 20
    • Michael Dunn, a.k.a. Gary Neil Miller, dwarf American actor and singer (d. 1973)
    • Charles S. Liebman, American-Israeli political scientist and author (d. 2003)
  • October 30
    • Frans Brüggen, Dutch flutist, recorder player and conductor
    • Hamilton Camp, English-American actor (d. 2005)


File:Carl Sagan Planetary Society.JPG

Carl Sagan


Elżbieta Krzesińska

  • November 1Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
  • November 2Ken Rosewall, Australian tennis champion
  • November 6Barton Myers, American/Canadian architect
  • November 7Jackie Joseph, American actress
  • November 9Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer (d. 1996)
  • November 10Joanna Moore, American actress (d. 1997)
  • November 11
    • Suzanne Lloyd, Canadian film and television actress
    • Elżbieta Krzesińska, Polish athlete (d. 2015)
  • November 12Charles Manson, American cult leader and criminal
  • November 13
    • John Gowans, General of The Salvation Army (d. 2012)
    • Garry Marshall, American film producer, director and actor (d. 2016)
  • November 14Dave Mackay, Scottish football player (d. 2015)
  • November 15Irén Pavlics, Slovene author in Hungary
  • November 17Jim Inhofe, United States Senator
  • November 21Laurence Luckinbill, American actor
  • November 23Lew Hoad, Australian tennis champion (d. 1994)
  • November 24Alfred Schnittke, Volga German composer (d. 1998)
  • November 27
    • Ammo Baba, Assyrian soccer player (d. 2009)
    • Gilbert Strang, American mathematician
  • November 29Willie Morris, American writer (d. 1999)
  • November 30Lansana Conté, President of Guinea (d. 2008)


File:Judi Dench at the BAFTAs 2007.jpg

Judi Dench

File:Stjepan Mesic (2).jpg

Stjepan Mesic

File:Latinina portret.jpeg

Larissa Latynina, 1956 Olympic gold medalist

File:Dame Maggie Smith-cropped.jpg

Maggie Smith



File:Fritz Haber.png

Fritz Haber


File:Portrait of Albert I of Belgium.jpg

King Albert I of Belgium

  • February 13József Pusztai, Slovene writer, poet and journalist in Hungary (b. 1864)
  • February 17 – King Albert I of Belgium (b. 1875)
  • February 21Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan revolutionary and rebel (murdered) (b. 1895)
  • February 23Edward Elgar, English composer (b. 1857)
  • February 25John McGraw, American baseball manager and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1873)


  • March 1Charles Webster Leadbeater, English author and Theosophist (b.1854)
  • March 15Davidson Black, Canadian-born paleoanthropologist (b.1884)
  • March 20
    • Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Dutch Queen and regent (b.1858)
    • Sydney Deane, Australian cricketer and actor (b. 1863)
  • March 21Lilyan Tashman, American actress (b. 1896)
  • March 28Mahmoud Mokhtar, Egyptian sculptor (b. 1891)
  • March 29Otto Hermann Kahn, German-born philanthropist (b. 1867)
  • March 30Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar, Scottish politician, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1860)


  • April 7Karl von Einem, German general (b. 1853)
  • April 11Gerald du Maurier, British actor (b. 1873)
  • April 15Karl Dane, Danish actor (b. 1886)
  • April 18Raffaele Garofalo, Italian criminologist and jurist (b. 1851)
  • April 27Joe Vila, American sportswriter (b. 1866)
  • April 30Hugh L. Scott, Major General of the US Army (b. 1853)


  • May 3William Woodin, American politician (b. 1868)
  • May 17Cass Gilbert, American architect (b. 1859)
  • May 23
    • Clyde Barrow, American outlaw, member of Barrow Gang (shot) (b. 1909)
    • Bonnie Parker, American outlaw, member of Barrow Gang (shot) (b. 1910)
  • May 24Brand Whitlock, American journalist and politician (b. 1869)
  • May 25Gustav Holst, English composer (b. 1874)
  • May 30Tōgō Heihachirō, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
  • May 31Lew Cody, American actor (b. 1884)



Francesco Buhagiar


Kurt von Schleicher

  • June 8
    • Dorothy Dell, American actress (b. 1915)
    • Jesse Root Grant, Son of President Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1858)
  • June 10Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
  • June 11Lev Vygotsky, Russian developmental psychologist (b. 1896)
  • June 20Andrew Jackson Zilker, American philanthropist (b. 1858)
  • June 27Francesco Buhagiar, 2nd Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1876)
  • June 30 – Murdered during the Night of the Long Knives:
    • Fritz Gerlich, German journalist (b. 1883)
    • Gustav von Kahr, German politician (b. 1862)
    • Karl Ernst, Nazi SA leader in Berlin (b. 1904)
    • Edmund Heines, Deputy SA leader (b. 1897)
    • Gregor Strasser, German politician, early Nazi leader (b. 1892)
    • Kurt von Schleicher, 23rd Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)


File:Marie Curie c1920.jpg

Marie Curie

  • July 1Ernst Röhm, Nazi SA Leader (b. 1887)
  • July 4
  • July 8Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • July 13
    • Kate Sheppard, most prominent member of New Zealand Women's suffrage (b. 1848)
    • Ignacio Sánchez Mejías, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1891)
  • July 15
    • Louis F. Gottschalk, American composer (b. 1864)
    • Jules Renkin, former Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1862)
  • July 18Sy Sanborn, American sportswriter (b. 1866)
  • July 21Hubert Lyautey, Marshal of France (b. 1854)
  • July 22John Dillinger, American criminal (b. 1903)
  • July 24Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (b. 1879)
  • July 25
    • François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (b. 1874)
    • Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1892)
    • Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist (b. 1889)
  • July 26Winsor McCay, American comic creator and animator (b. 1871)
  • July 28
    • Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (b. 1868)
    • Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (b. 1876)
    • Edith Yorke, English actress (b. 1867)


File:President Hindenburg.jpg

Paul von Hindenburg

  • August 2Paul von Hindenburg, German general and politician (b. 1847)
  • August 8Wilbert Robinson, American baseball manager and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1863)
  • August 9Alfred Steux, Belgian road racing cyclist (b. 1892)
  • August 10George W. Hill, American director (b. 1895)
  • August 13Mary Hunter Austin, American writer of fiction and non-fiction (b. 1868)
  • August 14Raymond Hood, American architect (b. 1881)
  • August 23Homer Van Meter, American criminal and bank robber (b. 1905)



File:Kralj aleksandar1.jpg

King Alexander I of Yugoslavia

File:Raymond Poincaré.jpg

Raymond Poincaré


File:Carl von Linde 1925.jpg

Carl von Linde

File:Baby face nelson.png

Baby Face Nelson

  • November 2Edmond James de Rothschild, French philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • November 3Robert McAlpine, Scottish builder (b. 1847)
  • November 10Ion Farris, American politician, former Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives (b. 1878)
  • November 16
    • Alice Liddell, English inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (b. 1852)
    • Carl von Linde, German scientist and engineer (b. 1842)
    • Georgi Todorov, Bulgarian general (b. 1858)
  • November 20Willem de Sitter, Dutch mathematician, physicist and astronomer (b. 1872)
  • November 22Harry Steppe, American vaudeville performer (b. 1888)
  • November 27Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • November 30Hélène Boucher, French aviator (b. 1908)


  • December 1Sergey Kirov, Soviet politician (b. 1886)
  • December 5Oskar von Hutier, German general (b. 1857)
  • December 6Charles Michael, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)
  • December 26Wallace Thurman, American writer (b. 1902)
  • December 28
    • Lowell Sherman, American actor and director (b. 1885)
    • Pablo Gargallo, Spanish sculptor and painter (b. 1881)

Nobel Prizes[]


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