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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
  • '
Years:
  • '
1933 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1933
MCMXXXIII
Ab urbe condita2686
Armenian calendar1382
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԲ
Assyrian calendar6683
Bahá'í calendar89–90
Balinese saka calendar1854–1855
Bengali calendar1340
Berber calendar2883
British Regnal year23 Geo. 5 – 24 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2477
Burmese calendar1295
Byzantine calendar7441–7442
Chinese calendar壬申(Water Monkey)
4629 or 4569
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4630 or 4570
Coptic calendar1649–1650
Discordian calendar3099
Ethiopian calendar1925–1926
Hebrew calendar5693–5694
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1989–1990
 - Shaka Samvat1854–1855
 - Kali Yuga5033–5034
Holocene calendar11933
Igbo calendar933–934
Iranian calendar1311–1312
Islamic calendar1351–1352
Japanese calendarShōwa 8
(昭和8年)
Javanese calendar1863–1864
Juche calendar22
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4266
Minguo calendarROC 22
民國22年
Nanakshahi calendar465
Thai solar calendar2475–2476
Tibetan calendar阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
2059 or 1678 or 906
    — to —
阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
2060 or 1679 or 907

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the , the 33rd year of the , and the 4th year of the decade.

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Events

January

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File:Golden Gate Bridge from underneath.jpg

January 5: Golden Gate Bridge begun.

  • January 5 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
  • January 11 – Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand.
  • January 15 – Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain.
  • January 17 – The United States Congress votes favorably for Philippines independence, against the view of U.S. President Herbert Hoover.
  • January 23 – The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20 starting in 1937.
  • January 28Pakistan Declaration: Choudhry Rahmat Ali publishes (in Cambridge, England) a pamphlet entitled Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever? in which he calls for the creation of a Muslim state in northwest India that he calls "Pakstan" which is influential on the Pakistan Movement.
  • January 30
    • Édouard Daladier forms a government in France.
    • Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg.
    • The Lone Ranger debuts on American radio.
  • January – The London Underground diagram designed by Harry Beck is introduced to the public.[1]
File:LocationPhilippines.png

January 17: Vote on Philippines.

February

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  • February 1Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
  • February 2 – A second international conference on disarmament ends without results. It tries to limit the army sizes of the major powers, while Germany is entitled to 200,000; Germany leaves the conference because a plan postpones the limitations for 4 years.
  • February 5 – A mutiny starts on the Royal Netherlands Navy coastal defence ship De Zeven Provinciën in the Dutch East Indies. After 6 days, it is bombed by a Dutch aircraft, killing 23 men, and the remaining mutineers surrender.
  • February 6 – The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
  • February 67 – Officers on the USS Ramapo record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean.
  • February 9The King and Country debate: The Oxford Union student debating society in England passes a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country."[2]
  • February 10 – The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
  • February 15 – In Miami, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead fatally wounds the Mayor of Chicago, Anton Cermak.
  • February 17
    • Newsweek magazine is published for the first time in the United States.
    • The Blaine Act passes the United States Senate, submitting the proposed Twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution to the states for ratification. The amendment is ratified on December 5, ending prohibition in the United States.
  • February 27Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag building, is set on fire under controversial circumstances.
  • February 28 – The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to the Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties.

March

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  • March 2 – The original film version of King Kong, starring Fay Wray, premieres at Radio City Music Hall and the RKO Roxy Theatre in New York City.
  • March 3
    • Ching Yun University is established.
    • Mount Rushmore National Memorial is dedicated.
    • A powerful earthquake and tsunami hit Honshū, Japan, killing approximately 3,000 people.
  • March 4
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) is sworn in as President of the United States, who in reference to the Great Depression, proclaims "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself" in his inauguration speech. It is the last time Inauguration Day in the United States occurs on March 4.
    • Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, and the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
    • The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure; Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates authoritarian rule by decree (see Austrofascism).
  • March 5
    • The Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "Bank holiday", closing all United States banks and freezing all financial transactions (the 'holiday' ends on March 13).
    • German election, 1933: National Socialists gain 43.9% of the votes.
  • March 6 – Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago dies of the wound he received on February 15.
  • March 9 – Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
  • March 10 – The 6.4 Mw Long Beach earthquake shakes Southern California with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 115 people.
  • March 12Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States, in the first of his "Fireside chats".
  • March 15
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from 53.84 to 62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains to date as the largest 1-day percentage gain for the index.
    • Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the Austrofascist dictatorship.
  • March 20Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed (it opens March 22).
  • March 22 – President Franklin Roosevelt signs an amendment to the Volstead Act known as the Cullen–Harrison Act, allowing the manufacture and sale of "3.2 beer" (3.2% alcohol by weight, approximately 4% alcohol by volume) and light wines.[3]
  • March 23 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • March 24 – Jewish protesters in New York City call for a boycott of German goods in response to the persecution of German Jews by the Nazis.
  • March 27 – Japan announces to leave the League of Nations (due to a cancelation period of exactly two years, the egression becomes effective March 27, 1935)[4]
  • March 31 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.

April

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  • April 1 – The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
  • April 2 – In a cricket test match against New Zealand, England batsman Wally Hammond scores a record 336 runs.[5]
  • April 3
    • An anti-monarchist rebellion occurs in Siam (Thailand).
    • First flight over Mount Everest, a British expedition, led by the Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston.
File:Reichstagsbrand.jpg

February 27: Reichstag fire.

  • April 4 – The American airship Akron crashes off the coast of New Jersey, killing 73 of its 76 crewmen. It is the worst aviation accident in history up to this date and until 1950.
  • April 5
    • The International Court of Justice in The Hague decides that Greenland belongs to Denmark and condemns Norwegian landings on eastern Greenland. Norway submits to the decision.
    • President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a national emergency and issues Executive Order 6102, making it illegal for U.S. citizens to own substantial amounts of monetary gold or bullion.
  • April 7
    • Sale of some beer is legalized in the United States under the Cullen-Harrison Act of March 22, eight months before the full repeal of Prohibition in December.
    • The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service is passed in Germany, the first law of the new regime directed against Jews (as well as political opponents).
  • April 11 – Aviator Bill Lancaster takes off in England, in an attempt to make a speed record to the Cape of Good Hope, but vanishes (his body is not found in the Sahara Desert until 1962).
  • April 13 – The Children and Young Persons Act is passed in the United Kingdom.
  • April 19 – The United States officially goes off the gold standard.
  • April 21Nazi Germany outlaws the kosher ritual shechita.
  • April 24
    • Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany begins with seizure of the Bible Students' office in Magdeburg.
    • Jewish physicians in Nazi Germany are excluded from official insurance schemes, forcing many to give up their practices.[6]
  • April 26
    • The Gestapo secret police are established in Nazi Germany by Hermann Göring.
    • Editors of the Harvard Lampoon steal the Sacred Cod of Massachusetts from the State House (it is returned two days later).
  • April 27
    • The Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England is acquired by John Lewis Partnership (its first store outside of London).
    • The Stahlhelm organization joins the Nazi party.

May

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  • May 2
    • The first alleged modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster occurs.
    • Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler prohibits trade unions.
  • May 3
    • In the Irish Free State, Dáil Éireann abolishes the oath of allegiance to the British Crown.
    • Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to be named director of the United States Mint.
  • May 5 – The detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is reported in The New York Times. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy.
  • May 8Mohandas Gandhi begins a 3-week hunger strike because of the mistreatment of the lower castes.
  • May 10
    • In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
    • Paraguay declares war on Bolivia.
  • May 12Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted in the USA.
  • May 17Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form The Nasjonal Samling (the National-Socialist Party) of Norway.
  • May 18New Deal: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
  • May 26 – The Nazi Party in Germany introduces a law to legalize eugenic sterilization.
  • May 27
    • New Deal: The Federal Securities Act is signed into law, requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
    • The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago.
    • Walt Disney's classic Silly Symphony cartoon The Three Little Pigs is first released by United Artists.

June

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  • June 5 – The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution[7] nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
  • June 6 – The first drive-in movie theater opens in Pennsauken Township, near Camden, New Jersey.
  • June 12 – The London Economic Conference is held.
  • June 17Union Station massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills an FBI agent, 3 local police, and the person they intended to rescue, captured bank robber Frank Nash.
  • June 21 – All non-Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany.
  • June 25 – Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin to protest against the persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany.
  • June 26 – The American Totalisator Company unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine at the Arlington Park race track near Chicago.

July

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  • July 1 – The London Passenger Transport Board is founded.
  • July 4Gandhi is sentenced to prison in India.
  • July 6 – The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
  • July 8 – The first rugby union test match is played between the Wallabies of Australia and the Springboks of South Africa at Newlands in Cape Town.
  • July 14 – In Nazi Germany:
    • Formation of new political parties is forbidden.
    • The Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring is enacted,[8] allowing compulsory sterilization of citizens suffering from a list of alleged genetic disorders.
  • July 15
    • Signing of the Four-Power Pact by Britain, France, Germany and Italy.[5]
    • International Left Opposition (ILO) is renamed International Communist League (ICL).
  • July 20Reichskonkordat: Vatican state secretary Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signs an accord with Germany.
  • July 22
    • Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world, landing at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, New York, after traveling eastabout 15,596 mi (25,099 km) in 7 days 18 hours 45 minutes.
    • "Machine Gun Kelly" and Albert Bates kidnap Charles Urschel, an Oklahoma oilman, and demand $200,000 ransom.
  • July 24 – Several members of the Barrow Gang are injured or captured during a running battle with local police near Dexter, Iowa.

August

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  • August 1 – The Blue Eagle emblem of the National Recovery Administration is displayed publicly for the first time.
  • August 2 – Opening of the Stalin White Sea–Baltic Sea Canal, a 227 km navigable waterway constructed using forced labour in the Soviet Union connecting the White Sea with Lake Onega and the Baltic.
  • August 7Simele massacre: More than 3,000 Assyrian Iraqis are killed by Iraq government troops.
  • August 12Winston Churchill makes his first public speech warning of the dangers of German rearmament.[9]
  • August 14 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km2).
  • August 25 – The Diexi earthquake shakes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
  • August 30 – German Jewish philosopher Theodor Lessing is assassinated in Marienbad (Mariánské Lázně), Czechoslovakia, dying the following day.

September

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  • September 12Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain.
  • September 12Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
  • September 26 – A hurricane destroys the town of Tampico, Mexico.

October

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  • October 1 – A failed assassination attempt against Engelbert Dollfuss, leader of the Fatherland's Front in Austria, seriously injures him.
  • October 7Air France is formed by the merger of five French airline companies, beginning operations with 250 planes.
  • October 101933 United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A bomb destroys a United Airlines Boeing 247 on a transcontinental flight in mid-air near Chesterton, Indiana, killing all 7 on board, in the first proven case of sabotage in civil aviation, although no suspect is ever identified.
  • October 12 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a federal penitentiary.
  • October 13 – The British Interplanetary Society is founded.
  • October 14 – Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations and the World Disarmament Conference, after the U.S., the U.K. and France deny its request to increase its defense armaments under the Versailles Treaty.
  • October 14-16 – A new Constitution of Estonia is approved only on the third consecutive referendum.
  • October 17 – Scientist Albert Einstein arrives in the United States where he settles permanently as a refugee from Nazi Germany and takes up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey.

November

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  • November 5 – Spanish Basque people vote for autonomy.
  • November 8New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
  • November 11Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm, ("the great black blizzard"), strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands (one of a series of disastrous dust storms that year).
  • November 16 – The United States and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomatic relations.
  • November 17 – The Marx Brothers' anarchic comedy film Duck Soup is released in the U.S.
  • November 19Second Spanish Republic: General elections result in victory by the right-wing parties.
  • November 22 – The Fujian People's Government is declared in Fujian Province, China.

December

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  • December 5 – The 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, repealing Prohibition.
  • December 15 – The US 21st Amendment officially goes into effect, alcohol becomes legal in the US.
  • December 21
    • Newfoundland returns to Crown colony status following financial collapse.[9]
    • The British Plastics Federation (the oldest in the world) is founded.
  • December 24 – A train crash in Lagny, France kills over 200.
  • December 26
    • The Nissan Motor Company is organized in Tokyo, Japan.
    • FM radio is patented.
  • December 29 – Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania.

Date unknown

  • The United States Federal Government outlaws cannabis.
  • A coup attempt against Franklin Delano Roosevelt fails in the United States (see Smedley Butler).
  • US President Roosevelt rejects socialism and government ownership of industry.
  • Nazi Germany forms the Expert Committee on Questions of Population and Racial Policy under Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.
  • The Holodomor genocide takes place in Ukraine.
  • The first doughnut store under the Krispy Kreme name opens in Nashville, Tennessee.[10]
  • Jimmie Angel becomes the first foreigner to see the Angel Falls, Venezuela (they are named after him).
  • The Adélaïde Concerto, a spurious work attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, is published as "edited" (actually composed) by Marius Casadesus.
  • 15 million unemployed in the USA.
  • Five coalition cabinets form and fall in France.
  • Turkey concludes a treaty with the creditors of the former Ottoman Empire to schedule the payments in Paris. (Turkey succeeds in clearing all the debt in less than twenty years.)
  • The first dated ISCF group is started in Australia at North Sydney Boys High School, with the group still running today.
  • English cricket team in Australia in 1932–33: The England cricket team wins The Ashes using the controversial bodyline tactic.[5]
  • The Mexican Indian Wars end after 414 years.

Births

January

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File:Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg

Corazon C. Aquino

  • January 1Joe Orton, British playwright (d. 1967)
  • January 2
    • On Kawara, Japanese conceptual artist (d. 2014)
    • Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist and author
  • January 6
    • Oleg Makarov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003)
    • Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian, director, and writer
  • January 8
    • Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator
    • Jean-Marie Straub, French filmmaker
  • January 9Robert García, American politician
  • January 14Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
  • January 16Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004)
  • January 17
    • Dalida, French singer (d. 1987)
    • Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (d. 2003)
  • January 18John Boorman, English film director
  • January 23Chita Rivera, American actress and dancer
  • January 25Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (d. 2009)

February

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File:Nina Simone 1965.jpg

Nina Simone

March

File:Barbara Feldon photograph.jpg

Barbara Feldon

File:Michael Caine - Viennale 2012 g (cropped).jpg

Michael Caine

File:Abū l-Hasan Banīsadr IMG 2044 edit.jpg

Abolhassan Banisadr

  • March 3Lee Radziwill, American socialite, sister of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
  • March 6Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • March 7Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • March 10Elizabeth Azcona Cranwell, Argentine poet and translator (d. 2004)
  • March 12
    • Myrna Fahey, American actress (d. 1973)
    • Barbara Feldon, American actress and model
    • Jesús Gil, Spanish right-wing politician, construction businessman, and football team owner (d. 2004)
  • March 13Mike Stoller, American songwriter
  • March 14
    • Sir Michael Caine, British actor
    • René Felber, Swiss Federal Councilor
    • Quincy Jones, American music producer and composer
  • March 15Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • March 16Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • March 19Philip Roth, American author
  • March 22Abolhassan Banisadr, first President of Iran
  • March 27Lê Văn Hưng, South Vietnam army generals (d. 1975)

April

File:Jean-Paul Belmondo 2001.jpg

Jean-Paul Belmondo

File:Elizabeth Montgomery colour photograph.jpg

Elizabeth Montgomery

File:Willie Nelson at Farm Aid 2009 - Cropped.jpg

Willie Nelson

  • April 1Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • April 3Renae Youngberg. American professional baseball player
  • April 5
    • Larry Felser, American sports columnist (d. 2014)
    • Frank Gorshin, American actor (Batman) (d. 2005)
  • April 6Roy Goode, British legal academic
  • April 7Wayne Rogers, American actor (d. 2015)
  • April 9
    • Jean-Paul Belmondo, French actor
    • Gian Maria Volontè, Italian actor (d. 1994)
  • April 12
    • Dame Montserrat Caballé, Catalan soprano
    • Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S. Senator
  • April 14Morton Subotnick, American electronic composer
  • April 15
  • April 16 – Dame Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster
  • April 18Michael Bradshaw, British actor (d. 2001)
  • April 19Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967)
  • April 24
    • Patricia Bosworth, American writer and biographer
    • Claire Davenport, British actress (d. 2002)
  • April 25
    • Jerry Leiber, American composer (d. 2011)
    • Joyce Ricketts, American baseball player [AAGPBL] (d. 1992)
  • April 26
    • Carol Burnett, American actress, singer and comedian
    • Ilkka Kuusisto, Finnish composer
    • Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • April 29
    • Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
    • Rod McKuen, American singer-songwriter and poet (d. 2015)
  • April 30
    • Vittorio Merloni, Italian entrepreneur (d. 2016)
    • Willie Nelson, American country singer and songwriter

May

File:Joan Collins - Monte-Carlo Television Festival.jpg

Joan Collins

  • May 3
  • May 4J. Fred Duckett, Texan Sports announcer and teacher (d. 2007)
  • May 7
    • Johnny Unitas, American football player (d. 2002)
    • Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer and actress
    • Roger Perry, American actor
  • May 9Jessica Steele, English romance novelist
  • May 10Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
  • May 11Louis Farrakhan, African-American Muslim leader
  • May 14Siân Phillips, Welsh actress
  • May 15Carol Habben, American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • May 21Maurice André, French trumpeter (d. 2012)
  • May 22Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (d. 1996)
  • May 23
    • Joan Collins, English actress (Dynasty)
    • Shōzō Iizuka, Japanese voice actor
  • May 25Ray Spencer, English footballer
  • May 26Edward Whittemore, American writer and CIA agent (d. 1995)
  • May 29Helmuth Rilling, German conductor

June

File:Joan Rivers 2010 - David Shankbone.jpg

Joan Rivers

File:Gene Wilder 1970.JPG

Gene Wilder

  • June 1Charles Wilson, American politician (d. 2010)
  • June 6Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • June 8Joan Rivers, American comedic actress, comedian (d. 2014)
  • June 11Gene Wilder, American actor (d. 2016)
  • June 14Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach
  • June 17
    • Harry Browne, American writer and Presidential candidate (d. 2006)
    • Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970)
  • June 19Viktor Patsayev, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • June 20Danny Aiello, American actor
  • June 21Bernie Kopell, American actor and comedian
  • June 23Dave Bristol, American baseball manager
  • June 25Álvaro Siza, Portuguese Architect
  • June 26Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (d. 2014)
  • June 29John Bradshaw, American theologian and educator

July

File:Mt vasudevan nayar.jpg

M. T. Vasudevan Nair

  • July 2Kenny Wharram, Canadian ice hockey player
  • July 6Frank Austin, English footballer (d. 2004)
  • July 7
    • Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
    • David McCullough, American historian and author
    • Bruce Wells, English boxer and actor (d. 2009)
  • July 9Oliver Sacks, English-born neurologist (d. 2015)
  • July 11Bob McGrath, American actor
  • July 15
    • Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (d. 2003)
    • Julian Bream, English guitarist and lutenist
    • M. T. Vasudevan Nair, Indian writer
  • July 17Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici, 9th Prime Minister of Malta
  • July 18
    • Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer
    • Jean Yanne, French film actor and director (d. 2003)
  • July 20
    • Buddy Knox, American singer (d. 1999)
    • Cormac McCarthy, Pulitzer Prize winning and National Book Award winning author
  • July 21John Gardner, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • July 23Bert Convy, American game show host, actor and singer (d. 1991)
  • July 24
    • John Aniston, American actor
    • Doug Sanders, American former golfer
  • July 26Kathryn Hays, American television and soap opera actress
  • July 27
    • Nick Reynolds, American folk singer (d. 2008)
    • Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer (d. 1995)
  • July 28Charlie Hodge, Canadian former ice hockey goaltender
  • July 29
    • Peter Baldwin, British actor
    • Lou Albano, American professional wrestler and actor (d. 2009)
    • Robert Fuller, American former actor and current rancher
  • July 30Edd Byrnes, American actor and singer

August

File:Julie Newmar - 1965.jpg

Julie Newmar

  • August 1
    • Dom DeLuise, American actor and comedian (d. 2009)
    • Jesse Corti, Venezuelan-born actor and comedian
    • Masaichi Kaneda, Japanese baseball pitcher
  • August 2Tom Bell, English actor (d. 2006)
  • August 8Joe Tex, African-American soul singer (d. 1982)
  • August 10
    • Doyle Brunson, American poker player
    • Rocky Colavito, American baseball player
  • August 11Jerry Falwell, American evangelist and conservative political activist (d. 2007)
  • August 14Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 16
    • Julie Newmar, American actress
    • Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (d. 1994)
  • August 17Gene Kranz, retired American NASA Flight Director
  • August 18Roman Polanski, Polish film director
  • August 19Bettina Cirone, American photographer and model
  • August 20George J. Mitchell, former United States Senator
  • August 21
    • Dame Janet Baker, English mezzo-soprano
    • Barry Norman, English film critic
  • August 23Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 25Tom Skerritt, American actor
  • August 26Robert Chartoff, American film producer
  • August 28Jean Weaver, American female professional baseball player (d. 2008)
  • August 29Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor

September

File:Mathieu Kérékou 2006Feb10.JPG

Mathieu Kérékou

File:Karl Lagerfeld 2014.jpg

Karl Lagerfeld

  • September 1
    • Ann Richards, Governor of Texas (d. 2006)
    • T. Thirunavukarasu, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (d. 1982)
    • Conway Twitty, American country music artist (d. 1993)
  • September 2
    • Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor (d. 2012)
    • Mathieu Kérékou, President of Benin (d. 2015)
  • September 9Michael Novak, American philosopher and author
  • September 10
    • Yevgeny Khrunov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2000)
    • Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer and artist
  • September 11William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
  • September 13Eileen Fulton, American stage and soap opera actress
  • September 14Hillevi Rombin, Miss Universe 1955 (d. 1996)
  • September 15
    • Henry Darrow, Puerto-Rican American actor
    • Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor (d. 2014)
    • Monica Maughan, Australian actress (d. 2010)
  • September 17Dorothy Loudon, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
  • September 18
    • Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • September 19David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • September 20Dennis Viollet, English former footballer (d. 1999)
  • September 21Dick Simon, American racing driver
  • September 24
    • Raffaele Farina, Archivist of the Holy Roman Church and cardinal
    • Mel Taylor, American drummer (The Ventures) (d. 1996)
  • September 25Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
  • September 27
    • Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996)
    • Kathleen Nolan, American actress and first female president of the Screen Actors Guild
    • Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987)
  • September 29Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (d. 1986)
  • September 30Cissy Houston, American singer

October

November

File:Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg

Didier Ratsiraka

File:Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda 1964.jpg

Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda

File:LarryKingSept10 (cropped).jpg

Larry King

  • November 1
    • Samir Roychoudhury, Indian Bengali poet and philosopher of Hungry generation
    • Huub Oosterhuis, Dutch poet, theologian and liturgy reformer
  • November 3
    • John Barry, British film score composer (d. 2011)
    • Ken Berry, American actor
    • Jeremy Brett, British actor (d. 1995)
    • Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
    • Michael Dukakis, American politician and 1988 Democratic Presidential candidate
    • Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 4Didier Ratsiraka, former President of Madagascar
  • November 6Knut Johannesen, Norwegian speed-skater
  • November 9Jim Perry, American game show host (d. 2015)
  • November 10Don Clarke, Rugby football player of New Zealand (d. 2002)
  • November 11
    • Kay Arthur, American Bible teacher, speaker and author
    • Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda, Japanese artstic gymnast
  • November 12Jalal Talabani, President of Iraq
  • November 14Fred Haise, American astronaut who flew in Apollo 13
  • November 15Jack Burns, American actor
  • November 19Larry King, American talk show host
  • November 21T. Rasalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician
  • November 23Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
  • November 25Kathryn Grant, American actress
  • November 26
    • Robert Goulet, American entertainer (d. 2007)
    • Tony Verna, American inventor of instant replay (d. 2015)
  • November 28Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
  • November 29John Mayall, English singer

December

File:Emperor Akihito cropped Emperor Akihito and Gene Castagnetti 20090715.jpg

Emperor Akihito

  • December 1
    • Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (d. 1996)
    • Lou Rawls, African-American singer (d. 2006)
  • December 2Mike Larrabee, American athlete (d. 2003)
  • December 3Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • December 4Wink Martindale, American game show host and disc jockey
  • December 6Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (d. 2010)
  • December 9Orville Moody, American golfer (d. 2008)
  • December 11Charlie Bryan, American labor leader (d. 2013)
  • December 15Tim Conway, American actor and comedian
  • December 17
    • Shirley Abrahamson, American jurist; Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court
    • Walter Booker, American jazz bassist (d. 2006)
  • December 20Jean Carnahan, American politician
  • December 22Abel Pacheco, President of Costa Rica
  • December 23 – Emperor Akihito of Japan
  • December 26
    • Ugly Dave Gray, Australian television personality
    • Caroll Spinney, American puppeteer

Date unknown

Deaths

January–March

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2002-0625-505, Dr. Wilhelm Cuno.jpg

Wilhelm Cuno

File:Calvin Coolidge, bw head and shoulders photo portrait seated, 1919.jpg

Calvin Coolidge

  • January 3
    • Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
    • Jack Pickford, Canadian-born actor (b. 1896)
  • January 5Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872)
  • January 7Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (b. 1892)
  • January 10Roberto Mantovani, Italian geologist (b. 1854)
  • January 17Louis Comfort Tiffany, stained glass artist and jewelry designer, son of Charles Lewis Tiffany
  • January 25Lewis J. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1870)
  • January 29
    • Thomas Coward, English ornithologist (b. 1867)
    • Sara Teasdale, American lyrical poet (b. 1884)
  • January 31John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • February 5Josiah Thomas, Australian politician (b. 1863)
  • February 12
    • Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848)
    • Sir William Robertson, British Field Marshall (b. 1860)
  • February 14Carl Correns, German botanist and geneticist (b. 1864)
  • February 15Pat Sullivan, Australian-born director and producer of animated films (b. 1887)
  • February 18James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
  • February 26Spottiswoode Aitken, Scottish-American actor (b. 1868)
  • February 27Walter Hiers, American actor (b. 1893)
  • March 1Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
  • March 6Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (assassinated) (b. 1873)
  • March 10Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi, Chief of the Senussi order in Libya (b. 1873)
  • March 14Balto, American sled dog (b. 1919)
  • March 18Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian mountaineer, explorer, and admiral (b. 1873)
  • March 20Giuseppe Zangara, attempted assassin of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1900)
  • March 26Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)

April–June

File:Sánchez Cerro.jpg

Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro

  • April 4William A. Moffett, U.S. admiral (crash of airship Template:Ship) (b. 1869)
  • April 17Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876)
  • April 22Henry Royce, English car manufacturer (b. 1863)
  • April 23Tim Keefe, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1857)
  • April 30Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro, 71st President of Peru (b. 1889)
  • May 2Leonard Huxley, English writer (b. 1860)
  • May 6Li Ching-Yuen, Chinese herbalist, martial artist, tactical advisor (b. 1677)
  • May 13Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (b. 1878)
  • May 16John Henry Mackay, German writer (b. 1864)
  • May 19Thomas J. O'Brien, American politician and diplomat (b. 1842)
  • May 24
    • Ludovic Arrachart, French aviator (b. 1897)
    • Percy C. Mather, English Protestant missionary (b. 1882)
    • Rosslyn Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss, British admiral (b. 1864)
  • May 26Jimmie Rodgers, American country singer (b. 1897)
  • June 2Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • June 29Roscoe Arbuckle, American comedian (b. 1887)

July–September

File:Yrigoyen en ventanilla del ferrocarril viaje a Santa Fe campaña electoral de 1926..jpg

Hipólito Yrigoyen

File:SulejmanDelvina.jpg

Sulejman Delvina

File:Hasan Prishtina.jpg

Hasan Prishtina

  • July 3Hipólito Yrigoyen, former President of Argentina (b. 1852)
  • July 15
    • Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (b. 1865)
    • Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (b. 1890)
    • Léon de Witte de Haelen, Belgian general (b. 1857)
  • July 27Nobuyoshi Mutō, Japanese field marshal and ambassador (b. 1868)
  • August 1Sulejman Delvina, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • August 13Hasan Prishtina, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1873)
  • August 18James Williamson, Scottish film director (b. 1855)
  • August 22Alexandros Kontoulis, Greek general (b. 1858)
  • August 23
    • Marie Cahill, American singer and actress (b. 1870)
    • Adolf Loos, Austrian-Czechoslovak architect (b. 1870)
  • September 2Francesco de Pinedo, Italian aviator (b. 1890)
  • September 7Edward Grey, British statesman (b. 1862)
  • September 8Faisal I of Iraq, king of Iraq
  • September 10Giuseppe Campari, Italian opera singer and Grand Prix driver (b. 1892)
  • September 20Annie Besant, English Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator (b. 1847)
  • September 25
    • Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch physicist (b. 1880)
    • Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
  • September 28G. R. S. Mead, British writer (b. 1863)

October–December

File:Ismael Montes 1914.jpg

Ismael Montes

File:Nadir Khan of Afghanistan.jpg

Mohammed Nadir Shah

  • October 5Renée Adorée, French actress (b. 1898)
  • October 12John Lister, English politician (b. 1847)
  • October 16Ismael Montes, 26th President of Bolivia (b. 1861)
  • October 29
    • George Luks, American painter (b. 1867)
    • Albert Calmette, French bacteriologist and immunologist (b. 1863)
  • November 3Émile Roux, French physician (b. 1853)
  • November 5Texas Guinan, American actress, producer, and entrepreneur (b. 1884)
  • November 8Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1883)
  • November 16Kyrillos III of Cyprus, archbishop of the Cypriot Orthodox Church (b. 1859)
  • November 30Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
  • December 4Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868)
  • December 8
    • Karl Jatho, German airplane pioneer (b. 1873)
    • John Joly, Irish physicist (b. 1857)
  • December 16Robert W. Chambers, American writer (b. 1865)
  • December 17
    • Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876)
    • Oskar Potiorek, Austro-Hungarian general, (b. 1853)
  • December 19
    • George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway chief mechanical engineer (b. 1857)
    • Friedrich von Ingenohl, German admiral (b. 1857)
  • December 25Francesc Macià, President of the Generalitat (autonomous government of Catalonia) (b. 1859)
  • December 26
    • Eduard Vilde, Estonian writer (b. 1865)
    • Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary (b. 1875)

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Garland, Ken (1994). Mr Beck's Underground Map. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-168-6.
  2. Ceadel, Martin (1979). "The King and Country Debate, 1933: Student Politics, Pacifism and the Dictators". The Historical Journal. 22 (2): 397–422. doi:10.1017/s0018246x00016885.
  3. "Roosevelt Authorizes Beer Sale By Signing Bill For 3.2 Brew", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 23, 1933, p.1.
  4. pdf
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 510–512. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  6. Limberg, Margarete; Rübsaat, Hubert (2006). Germans No More: Accounts of Jewish Everyday Life, 1933–1938. Berghahn Books. pp. 17–8.
  7. 48 Stat. 112.
  8. Coming into force January 1934. Black, Edwin (2001). IBM and the Holocaust. Crown / Random House. p. 93.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 376–377. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  10. "First Krispy Kreme doughnut shop found home in Nashville". The Tennessean.
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