Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  • January 6
    • The first diesel engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City) by Clessie Cummins, founder of the Cummins Motor Co..
    • An early literary character licensing agreement is signed by A. A. Milne, granting Stephen Slesinger U.S. and Canadian merchandising rights to the Winnie-the-Pooh works.
  • January 13 – The Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance.
  • January 15 – The Moon moves into its nearest point to Earth, called perigee, at the same time as its fullest phase of the Lunar Cycle. This is the closest moon distance at 356,397 km in recent memory and the next one will be on January 1, 2257 at 356,371 km.[1]
  • January 26 – The Indian National Congress declares this date as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence).
  • January 28 – The first patent for a field-effect transistor is granted in the United States to Julius Edgar Lilienfeld.[2]
  • January 30Pavel Molchanov launches a radiosonde from Pavlovsk in the Soviet Union.
  • January 31 – The 3M company markets Scotch Tape, invented by Richard Gurley Drew, in the United States.


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  • February 2 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
  • February 10 – The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng launch the Yên Bái mutiny in the hope of ending French colonial rule in Vietnam.
  • February 18
    • While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto, a celestial body considered a planet until redefined as a dwarf planet in 2006.
    • Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft, and also the first cow to be milked in an aeroplane.


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File:Portrait Gandhi.jpg

Mahatma Gandhi

  • March 2Mahatma Gandhi informs the British viceroy of India that civil disobedience will begin the following week.
  • March 5 – Danish painter Einar Wegener begins sex reassignment surgery in Germany and takes the name Lili Elbe.
  • March 6
    • International Unemployment Day.
    • The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • March 12Mahatma Gandhi sets off on a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers to protest at the British monopoly on salt; more will join them during the Salt March that ends on April 5.
  • March 28 – The government of Turkey requests the international community to adopt Istanbul and Ankara as the official names for Constantinople and Angora.
  • March 29Heinrich Brüning is appointed Chancellor of Germany.
  • March 31 – The Motion Picture Production Code ("Hays Code") is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films for the next 40 years.


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  • April 4 – The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
  • April 5 – In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks the Salt laws of British India by making salt by the sea at the end of the Salt March.Template:Clarify
  • April 6
    • International Left Opposition (ILO) is founded in Paris, France.
    • Hostess Twinkies are invented.
  • April 17Neoprene is invented by DuPont.
  • April 18
    • The Chittagong Rebellion begins in India with the Chittagong armoury raid.
    • BBC Radio from London reports on this day that "There is no news".
  • April 19Warner Bros. in the United States release their first cartoon series called Looney Tunes which runs until 1969.
  • April 21
    • A fire in the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus kills 320 people.
    • The Turkestan–Siberia Railway is completed.
  • April 22 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty to regulate submarine warfare and limit naval shipbuilding.
  • April 28 – The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.


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  • May 5Mahatma Gandhi is re-arrested.
  • May 6 – The 7.1 Mw Salmas earthquake shakes northwestern Iran and southeastern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Up to three-thousand people were killed.
  • May 10 – The National Pan-Hellenic Council is founded in Washington, D.C..
  • May 15 – Nurse Ellen Church becomes the world's first flight attendant, working on a Boeing Air Transport trimotor.
  • May 16Rafael Leónidas Trujillo is elected president of the Dominican Republic.
  • May 17 – French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rhineland (they depart by June 30).
  • May 24Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).
  • May 30
    • Sergei Eisenstein arrives in Hollywood to work for Paramount Pictures; they part ways by October.
    • Canadian adventurer William "Red" Hill, Sr., makes a five-hour journey down the Niagara Gorge rapids.


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  • June 7Carl Gustaf Ekman becomes the Prime Minister of Sweden for the second and final time.
  • June 9Chicago Tribune journalist Jake Lingle is shot in Chicago, Illinois. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Lingle is later found to have had contacts with organized crime.
  • June 14Bureau of Narcotics established under the United States Department of the Treasury, replacing the Narcotics Division of the Prohibition Unit.
  • June 17President of the United States Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • June 21 – One-year conscription comes into force in France.


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  • July 4 – The dedication of George Washington's sculpted head is held at Mount Rushmore in South Dakota.
  • July 5 – The Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops opens. This conference approves the use of birth control in limited circumstances, a move away from the Christian views on contraception expressed by the Sixth Conference a decade earlier
  • July 7
    • The Lapua Movement marches in Helsinki, Finland.
    • Building of the Boulder Dam (later known as the Hoover Dam) is started on the Colorado River in the United States.
  • July 11 – Australian cricketer Donald Bradman scores a world record 309 runs in one day, on his way to the highest individual Test innings of 334, during a Test match against England.
  • July 13 – The first FIFA World Cup starts: Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France against Mexico.
  • July 19Georges Simenon's detective character Inspector Jules Maigret makes his first appearance in print under Simenon's own name when the novel Pietr-le-Letton (known in English as The Strange Case of Peter the Lett) begins serialization in a French weekly magazine.[3] Simenon will eventually write 75 novels (as well as 28 short stories) featuring the pipe-smoking Paris detective.
  • July 21United States Department of Veterans Affairs established.
  • July 25Laurence Olivier marries actress Jill Esmond.
  • July 26Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles using only a reverse gear; the 11,555 km trip lasts 42 days.
  • July 28R. B. Bennett defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King in federal elections and becomes the Prime Minister of Canada.
  • July 29 – British airship R100 sets out for a successful 78-hour passage to Canada.
  • July 30
  • July 31 – The radio drama The Shadow airs for the first time in the United States.


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  • August 6 – Judge Joseph Force Crater disappears.
  • August 7
    • R. B. Bennett takes office as the eleventh Prime Minister of Canada.
    • Lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana. They are hanged; James Cameron survives. This will be the last recorded lynching of African Americans in the Northern United States.
  • August 9Betty Boop premieres in the animated film Dizzy Dishes.
  • August 12Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents.
  • August 16 – The first British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.[4]
  • August 21Princess Margaret Rose is born at Glamis Castle in Scotland, younger daughter of Prince Albert, Duke of York (second son of King George V and Queen Mary, and later King George VI) and Elizabeth, Duchess of York, and sister to The Princess Elizabeth.
  • August 27 – A military junta takes over in Peru.


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  • September 3A huge hurricane in the Caribbean demolishes most of the city of Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic.
  • September 6José Félix Uriburu carries out a military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina.
  • September 12England cricketer Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1,110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H. D. G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
  • September 14German federal election, 1930: National Socialists win 107 seats in the German Parliament, the Reichstag (18.3% of all the votes), making them the second largest party.
  • September 20 – The Eastern Catholic Rite Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed.
  • September 27İsmet İnönü forms a new government in Turkey (6th government).


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  • October – The Indochinese Communist Party is formed.
  • October 3 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left founded following a split in DSAP in Łódź.
  • October 5 – British airship R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden long-range flight resulting in the loss of 48 lives.
  • October 8 – The Philadelphia Athletics win their second straight World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals 7-1 in Game 6.
  • October 20 – A British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Mandatory Palestine.[5]
  • October 24Brazilian Revolution of 1930: Getúlio Vargas establishes a dictatorship.
  • October 27 – Ratifications exchanged in London on the first London Naval Treaty signed in April modifying the Washington Naval Treaty of 1925. Its arms limitation provisions go into effect immediately, hence putting more limits on the expensive naval arms race between its five signatories (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Japanese Empire, France, and Italy.)


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  • November 2Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • November 3Getúlio Vargas becomes president of Brazil.
  • November 25
    • An earthquake in the Izu Peninsula of Japan kills 223 people and destroys 650 buildings.
    • Cecil George Paine, a pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary in England, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin.[6]


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  • December – All adult Turkish women are given the right to vote in elections.
  • December 2Great Depression: President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress to ask for a $150 million public works program to help create jobs and to stimulate the American economy.
  • December 7 – The television station W1XAV in Boston broadcasts video and audio from the radio orchestra program The Fox Trappers. This broadcast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for the I. J. Fox Furriers company which sponsored the telecast.
  • December 19Mount Merapi volcano in central Java, Indonesia, erupts, destroying numerous villages and killing thirteen hundred people.
  • December 24 – In London, inventor Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures on clouds.
  • December 29 – Sir Muhammad Iqbal's presidential address in Allahabad introduces the two-nation theory, outlining a vision for the creation of Pakistan.
  • December 31 – The Papal encyclical Casti connubii issued by Pope Pius XI stresses the sanctity of marriage, prohibits Roman Catholics from using any form of artificial birth control, and reaffirms the Catholic prohibition on abortion.

Date unknown

  • A "Jake paralysis" outbreak occurs in the United States resulting from adulterated Jamaica ginger sold as an alcohol substitute during Prohibition.
  • Bernhard Schmidt invents the Schmidt camera.[7]
  • The chocolate chip cookie is invented by Ruth Wakefield of the Toll House Inn in Whitman, Massachusetts.
  • The experimental television station, W9XAP, in Chicago, broadcasts the election for the United States Senate, the first time that a senatorial race, with continual tallies of the votes, is televised.
  • Greater Sudbury is incorporated as a city in northern Ontario.



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Robert Loggia


Buzz Aldrin


Gene Hackman

  • January 1Gaafar Nimeiry, 4th President of Sudan (d. 2009)
  • January 2Julius La Rosa, American singer (d. 2016)
  • January 3
    • Robert Loggia, American actor (d. 2015)
    • Barbara Stuart, American actress (d. 2011)
  • January 4Sorrell Booke, American actor (d. 1994)
  • January 5
    • Jesús Rosas Marcano, Venezuelan poet (d. 2001)
    • M.R. Srinivasan, Indian nuclear scientist
  • January 6
    • Charles Kalani, Jr., Asian-American actor (d. 2000)
    • Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
  • January 10Roy E. Disney, American film and television executive (d. 2009)
  • January 11Rod Taylor, Australian actor (d. 2015)
  • January 12Jennifer Johnston, Irish novelist
  • January 13Frances Sternhagen, American actress
  • January 19Tippi Hedren, American actress
  • January 20Buzz Aldrin, American pilot and astronaut, Apollo 11 second person to set foot on the Moon
  • January 23
    • Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
    • William R. Pogue, American astronaut (d. 2014)
  • January 24Rita Lakin, American author
  • January 27
    • Usko Meriläinen, Finnish composer (d. 2004)
    • Bobby Bland, American singer (d. 2013)
  • January 30
    • Samuel Byck, American airplane hijacker and murderer (d. 1974)
    • Gene Hackman, American actor


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Hussain Muhammad Ershad

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Robert Wagner

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Joanne Woodward

  • February 1Hussain Muhammad Ershad, former President of Bangladesh
  • February 3Mani Krishnaswami, Carnatic music Vocalist of Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2002)
  • February 4Jim Loscutoff, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • February 6Allan King, Canadian director (d. 2009)
  • February 8
    • Erich Bohme, German journalist and television host (d. 2009)
    • Jim Dooley, American football coach (d. 2008)
    • Alejandro Rey, Argentine-American actor (d. 1987)
  • February 10Robert Wagner, American actor
  • February 12Arlen Specter, American politician (d. 2012)
  • February 13Ernst Fuchs, Austrian painter (d. 2015)
  • February 15Sara Jane Moore, American convicted of attempted murder of President Gerald Ford
  • February 16
    • Peter Adamson, British actor (d. 2002)
    • Noah Weinberg, American-born Israeli rabbi, founder of Aish HaTorah (d. 2009)
  • February 17Ruth Rendell, British author (d. 2015)
  • February 19John Frankenheimer, American film director (d. 2002)
  • February 20Ken Jones, British actor (d. 2014)
  • February 21 – Dr. Dame Joan Metge, New Zealand social anthropologist, educator, lecturer and writer
  • February 22
    • James McGarrell, American painter
    • Marni Nixon, American vocalist (d. 2016)
  • February 24
    • Joan Diener, American musical theatre actress and singer (d. 2006)
    • Barbara Lawrence, American actress and model (d. 2013)
    • Anita Steckel, American feminist artist (d. 2012)
  • February 25 -- Wendy Beckett, British nun and Author
  • February 26Robert Francis, American actor (d. 1955)
  • February 27
    • Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
    • John Straffen, British serial killer (d. 2007)
    • Joanne Woodward, American actress
  • February 28Leon Cooper, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate


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Ion Iliescu

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James Coco

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Stephen Sondheim

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Pat Robertson

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Steve McQueen

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Anerood Jugnauth

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Rolf Harris

  • March 3
    • Heiner Geißler, German politician
    • Ion Iliescu, 2nd President of Romania
    • K. S. Rajah, Senior Counsel and former Judicial Commissioner of the Supreme Court of Singapore (d. 2010)
  • March 6
    • Allison Hayes, American actress (d. 1977)
    • Lorin Maazel, French-born American orchestral conductor (d. 2014)
  • March 7Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon
  • March 8Hector Lombana, Colombian sculptor, painter and architect (d. 2008)
  • March 9Ornette Coleman, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2015)
  • March 10Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist and composer
  • March 12Win Tin, Burmese journalist and politician (d. 2014)
  • March 13Liz Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • March 14Helga Feddersen, German actress (d. 1990)
  • March 15Zhores Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 17James Irwin, American astronaut (d. 1991)
  • March 18Adam Cardinal Maida, American Roman Catholic prelate; Archbishop of Detroit (1990–2009)
  • March 20Willie Thrower, American football player (d. 2002)
  • March 21James Coco, American actor, the unemployed actor in Only When I Laugh, and Sancho Panza in Man of La Mancha (d. 1987)
  • March 22
    • Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
    • Pat Robertson, American televangelist, motivational speaker, author and television host
  • March 24
    • David Dacko, 1st President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
    • Steve McQueen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • March 25John Keel, American journalist and ufologist (d. 2009)
  • March 26Sandra Day O'Connor, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • March 27 -- James Tayoun Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives
  • March 28
    • Robert Ashley, American composer (d. 2014)
    • Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 29Anerood Jugnauth, Maurituian politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Mauritius and 4th President of Mauritius
  • March 30
    • John Astin, American actor
    • Rolf Harris, Australian-born entertainer


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Helmut Kohl


José Sarney

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Carolyn Jones

  • April 1Grace Lee Whitney, American actress (d. 2015)
  • April 2Roddy Maude-Roxby, English actor
  • April 3
    • Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator and the Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
    • Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • April 4Netty Herawaty, Indonesian actress (d. 1989)
  • April 7Andrew Sachs, German-born British actor
  • April 8Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma (d. 2010)
  • April 10Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (d. 2001)
  • April 11Anton LaVey, American Satanist (d. 1997)
  • April 12Michał Życzkowski, Polish Professor of Engineering (d. 2006)
  • April 15Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • April 16
    • Carol Bly, American author of short stories, essays, and nonfiction; teacher (d. 2007)
    • Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (d. 2003)
  • April 19Dick Sargent, American actor and gay activist (d. 1994)
  • April 21Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  • April 23Alan Oppenheimer, American actor
  • April 24
    • Richard Donner, American film director and producer
    • José Sarney, 31st President of Brazil
  • April 25Paul Mazursky, American director and writer (d. 2014)
  • April 28
    • James Baker, former United States Secretary of State
    • Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983)
    • Richard C. Sarafian, American film and television director, writer, and actor (d. 2013)
  • April 29
    • Jean Rochefort, French actor
    • Henri Coppens, Belgian football player (d. 2015)



Malcolm Fraser

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Sonia Rykiel


Clint Eastwood

  • May 3
    • Juan Gelman, Argentine poet and writer (d. 2014)
    • Bob Havens, American musician
  • May 4
    • Lois de Banzie, UK-born American actress
    • Katherine Jackson, Jackson family matriarch
    • Roberta Peters, American soprano
  • May 8Heather Harper, Northern Irish soprano
  • May 9Joan Sims, English actress (d. 2001)
  • May 10Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster (d. 2013)
  • May 11
    • Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002)
    • Bud Ekins, American stuntman (d. 2007)
  • May 15Jasper Johns, American painter
  • May 19Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
  • May 21Malcolm Fraser, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2015)
  • May 22
    • John Barth, American writer
    • Harvey Milk, American politician and civil rights activist of San Francisco (murdered 1978)
    • Agustín Tosco, Argentine union leader (d. 1975)
  • May 25Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer (d. 2016)
  • May 28Frank Drake, American radio astronomer and pioneer in SETI
  • May 31Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer


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Vilmos Zsigmond

Template:Double image

  • June 1Edward Woodward, British actor (d. 2009)
  • June 2Charles Conrad, American astronaut and moonwalker, commander of Apollo 12 (d. 1999)
  • June 3Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer (d. 1999)
  • June 4Morgana King, American jazz singer and actress
  • June 8Robert Aumann, German-born mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences
  • June 9Monique Serf, French singer (d. 1997)
  • June 10Grace Mirabella, American editor of Vogue
  • June 11Charles B. Rangel, American politician
  • June 12Jim Nabors, American actor, musician, and comedian
  • June 16Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer (d. 2016)
  • June 17Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • June 19Gena Rowlands, American actress
  • June 21Gerald Kaufman, British Labour politician
  • June 22
    • Yury Artyukhin, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1998)
    • Patricia Nielsen, British former swimmer
  • June 23John Elliot, British historian
  • June 24
    • Claude Chabrol, French film director (d. 2010)
    • William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • June 25László Antal, Hungarian linguist (d. 1993)
  • June 27Ross Perot, American computer billionaire and politician
  • June 28
    • William C. Campbell, Irish-American biologist and parasitologist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Itamar Franco, President of Brazil (d. 2011)
    • Horacio Gómez Bolaños, Mexican actor (d. 1999)
  • June 29Robert Evans, American producer
  • June 30Ahmed Zaki Yamani, Saudi Arabian politician


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Carlos Menem

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Françoise Mallet-Joris

  • July 1
    • Jerome A. Cohen, American professor of law at New York University School of Law
    • Ron Hughes, English professional footballer who played as a full-back
  • July 2
    • Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
    • Magdalen Redman, American professional baseball player
    • Ahmad Jamal, American jazz pianist and composer
  • July 3Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • July 4
    • Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor (d. 1993)
    • George Steinbrenner, American big businessman and then baseball team owner (d. 2010)
    • July 5Tommy Cook, American actor
  • July 6
    • Michael Baume, Australian former Liberal Party politician
    • Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (d. 2016)
    • M. Balamuralikrishna, Indian Carnatic vocalist, multi-instrumentalist, playback singer, composer and actor
  • July 9
    • Juan Carlos Frecia, Argentine fencer
    • Yu So-chow, Peking opera family
    • Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger
  • July 11
    • Harold Bloom, American literary critic
    • Jack Alabaster, played 21 Tests for New Zealand
    • Ezra Vogel, American professor
  • July 12Irene Sutcliffe, English actress
  • July 14Polly Bergen, American actress (d. 2014)
  • July 15
    • Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (d. 2004)
    • Betty Wagoner, American professional baseball player (d. 2006)
  • July 17William Heseltine, Australian Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II
  • July 20
    • Sally Ann Howes, English actress and singer
    • Oleg Anofriyev, Soviet and Russian stage and screen actor, voice actor, singer, songwriter, film director, and poet
    • Bryan Conquest, Australian politician
  • July 22Jeremy Lloyd, British actor and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • July 25
    • Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1985)
    • Maureen Forrester, Canadian contralto (d. 2010)
  • July 27Andy White, Scottish drummer (d. 2015)
  • July 28
    • Firoza Begum, Bengali singer (d. 2014)
    • Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)


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Neil Armstrong

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Robert Culp

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Princess Margaret


Sir Sean Connery

  • August 1
    • Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (d. 2002)
    • Lawrence Eagleburger, United States Secretary of State (d. 2011)
  • August 4Ali al-Sistani, Shia Ayatollah
  • August 5Neil Armstrong, astronaut, first human to set foot on the Moon, Commander of Apollo 11. He was also an aerospace engineer, naval aviator, test pilot, and university professor. (d. 2012)
  • August 6Abbey Lincoln, American singer (d. 2010)
  • August 9Jacques Parizeau, French-Canadian politician (d. 2015)
  • August 10Jorma Panula, Finnish conductor and composer
  • August 12
    • George Soros, Hungarian-born investor
    • Peter Weck, Austrian film director and actor
  • August 13Don Ho, Hawaiian singer & musician (d. 2007)
  • August 14Earl Weaver, American professional baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
  • August 15Selma James, American-born feminist writer
  • August 16
    • Robert Culp, American actor (d. 2010)
    • Frank Gifford, American football player (d. 2015)
  • August 17Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998)
  • August 18Rafael Pineda Ponce, Honduran educator and politician. (d. 2014)
  • August 19Frank McCourt, Irish-American writer (d. 2009)
  • August 21Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (d. 2002)
  • August 22Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Brazilian footballer (d. 2013)
  • August 23Mickey McMahan, American big band musician (d. 2008)
  • August 25Sir Sean Connery, Scottish actor
  • August 27Gholamreza Takhti, Iranian wrestler (d. 1968)
  • August 28Ben Gazzara, American actor (d. 2012)
  • August 30Warren Buffett, American billionaire entrepreneur


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Baudouin I of Belgium

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Edgar Mitchell

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Ray Charles


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Hafez al-Assad

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Michael Collins

  • October 1
    • Richard Harris, Irish actor and singer (d. 2002)
    • Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
    • Rev. Dr. George F. Regas, American Episcopal priest and activist; rector of All Saints Episcopal Church, Pasadena, California (1967–95)
    • Erica Yohn, American actress
  • October 5
    • Pavel Popovich, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2009)
    • Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 6
    • Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
    • Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer and commentator (d. 2015)
  • October 8Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996)
  • October 10
  • October 11Sam Johnson, American politician
  • October 14
    • Schafik Handal, Salvadoran politician (d. 2006)
    • Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)
  • October 17
    • Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
    • Jimmy Breslin, American newspaper columnist and author
  • October 19Jody Lawrance, American actress (d. 1986)
  • October 24The Big Bopper, American singer (d. 1959)
  • October 28Bernie Ecclestone, English auto racing tycoon
  • October 29
    • Bertha Brouwer, Dutch athlete (d. 2006)
    • Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
    • Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer and dancer
    • Niki de Saint Phalle, French artist (d. 2002)
  • October 30
    • Daniel Boone, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1956)
    • Timothy Findley, Canadian author (d. 2002)
  • October 31Michael Collins, American astronaut, second person to fly around the Moon solo, Command Module pilot on Apollo 11, the first human lunar landing



File:Jean-Luc Godard at Berkeley, 1968 (2).jpg

Jean-Luc Godard

  • December 1Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
  • December 2Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • December 3Jean-Luc Godard, French film director
  • December 4
    • Jim Hall, American jazz guitarist (d. 2013)
    • Ronnie Corbett, British comedian (d. 2016)
  • December 6Daniel Lisulo, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 2000)
  • December 7Christopher Nicole, Guyanese-born British writer
  • December 8
    • Stan Richards, English actor (d. 2005)
    • Maximilian Schell, Swiss-Austrian actor (d. 2014)
  • December 9Edoardo Sanguineti, Italian writer (d. 2010)
  • December 11
    • Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
    • Jim Williams, American antique dealer and preservationist (d. 1990)
  • December 15Edna O'Brien, Irish writer
File:Armin mueller-stahl.jpg

Armin Mueller-Stahl

Date unknown

  • Kevin Budden, Australian herpetologist (d. 1950)
  • Barney Glaser, American sociologist



File:Thomas Mackenzie.jpg

Thomas Mackenzie


Ahmad Shah Qajar

File:William Howard Taft 1909b.jpg

William Howard Taft

File:Gws balfour 02.jpg

Arthur Balfour

File:Fridtjof Nansen LOC 03377u-3.jpg

Fridtjof Nansen

  • January 3Guglielmo Plüschow, German photographer (b. 1852)
  • January 9Edward Bok, American author (b. 1863)
  • January 13John Nathan Cobb, American author, naturalist, conservationist, fisheries researcher, and educator (b. 1868)
  • January 27Dewa Shigetō, Japanese admiral (b. 1856)
  • February 3Michele Bianchi, Italian fascist leader (b. 1883)
  • February 14Sir Thomas MacKenzie, New Zealand Prime Minister and High Commissioner (b. 1854)
  • February 15Giulio Douhet, Italian general and air power theorist (b. 1869)
  • February 21Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (b. 1898)
  • February 23
    • Mabel Normand, American actress (b. 1892)
    • Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1907)
  • February 28Sir Perceval Maitland Laurence, English classical scholar, South African judge and a benefactor of the University of Cambridge (b. 1854)
  • March 2D. H. Lawrence, English writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover) (b. 1885)
  • March 6Alfred von Tirpitz, German politician and admiral (b. 1848)
  • March 8William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States, 10th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1857)
  • March 12William George Barker, Canadian pilot (b. 1894)
  • March 16Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish military officer and former Prime Minister (b. 1870)
  • March 19Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • March 24Eugeen Van Mieghem, Belgian painter (b. 1875)
  • April 2 – Empress Zewditu I of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
  • April 4Victoria of Baden, Queen consort of Sweden (b. 1862)
  • April 9Heinrich Ritter von Wittek, Austrian politician and statesman (b. 1844)
  • April 10Alfred Williams, British poet (b. 1877)
  • April 14
    • Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1893)
    • John B. Sheridan, Irish American sports journalist (b. 1870)
  • April 21Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • April 22Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet and novelist (b. 1866)
  • May 13Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1861)
  • May 17Herbert Croly, American political author (b. 1869)
  • May 25Randall Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
  • June 5Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
  • June 10Adolf von Harnack, German Lutheran theologian and church historian (b. 1851)
  • June 13Henry Segrave, British racer and speed record holder (b. 1896)


File:Conan doyle.jpg

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

File:Sir Joseph Ward, 1928.jpg

Joseph Ward

File:FACTA Luigi.gif

Luigi Facta

  • July 7 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish-born fiction writer (Sherlock Holmes) (b. 1859)
  • July 8 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • July 15
    • Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist (b. 1845)
    • Rudolph Schildkraut, Istanbul born American actor (b. 1862)
  • July 19Oku Yasukata, Japanese field marshal and a leading figure in the early Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1847)
  • July 23Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer (b. 1878)
  • July 26Pavlos Karolidis, Greek historian (b. 1849)
  • July 28Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862)
  • July 30Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • August 12Horace Smith-Dorrien, English general (b. 1858)
  • August 15Florian Cajori, Swiss-born historian of mathematics (b. 1859)
  • August 21Aston Webb, British architect (b. 1849)
  • August 24Tom Norman, English freak showman (b. 1860)
  • August 26Lon Chaney, American actor (b. 1883)
  • August 29William Archibald Spooner, English scholar and Anglican priest (b. 1844)
  • September 1Peeter Põld, Estonian pedagogical scientist and politician (b. 1878)
  • September 10Aubrey Faulkner, South African cricketer (b. 1881)
  • September 15Milton Sills, American actor (b. 1882)
  • September 20Gombojab Tsybikov, Russian explorer (b. 1873)
  • September 21John T. Dorrance, American chemist (b. 1873)
  • September 24William A. MacCorkle, American lawyer, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
  • September 28Daniel Guggenheim, American mining magnate and philanthropist (b. 1856)
  • October 2Gordon Stewart Northcott, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1906)
  • October 15Herbert Dow, Canadian-born chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • October 20Valeriano Weyler, 1st Duke of Rubí, Spanish general (b. 1838)
  • October 26Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1872)
  • November 5
  • November 8Alexander Bedward, Jamaican preacher (b. 1848)
  • November 9Tasker H. Bliss, American general (b. 1853)
  • November 20William B. Hanna, American sportswriter (b. 1866)
  • November 28Constantine VI, Turkish-born bishop, briefly Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1859)
  • November 30Mary Harris Jones, American labor leader (b. 1837)
File:Alfred Wegener ca.1924-30.jpg

Alfred Wegener

  • November – Alfred Wegener, German geophysicist and meteorologist (b. 1880)
  • December 9
    • Andrew "Rube" Foster, American Negro league baseball player (b. 1879)
    • Laura Muntz Lyall, Canadian painter (b. 1860)
  • December 12Nikolai Pokrovsky, Russian politician and the last foreign minister of the Russian Empire (b. 1865)
  • December 13Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • December 14F. Richard Jones, American director (b. 1893)
  • December 17Peter Warlock, Anglo-Welsh composer (b. 1894)
  • December 25Eugen Goldstein, German physicist (b. 1850)

Nobel Prizes


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