Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1928 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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File:1928-ford-archives.jpg

A 1928 Ford Model A

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Events

January

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  • January – English bacteriologist Frederick Griffith reports the results of Griffith's experiment, indirectly proving the existence of DNA.[1][2]
  • January 1
    • Estonia changes its currency from the mark to the kroon.
    • Abolition of domestic slavery in the British Protectorate of Sierra Leone comes into effect.[3]
  • January 67 – The River Thames floods in London; 14 drown. On January 7 the moat at the Tower of London (drained in 1843 and planted with grass) is completely refilled by a tidal wave.
  • January 12 – Convicted American murderer Ruth Snyder is executed at Sing Sing.
  • January 17 – The OGPU arrests Leon Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status of passive resistance.
  • January 26 – The volcanic island Anak Krakatau appears.[4][5]
  • January 31Leon Trotsky is exiled to Alma-Ata.

February

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File:1928 Winter Olympics poster.jpg

1928 Winter Olympics

  • February 8 – British inventor John Logie Baird broadcasts a transatlantic television signal from London to Hartsdale, New York.[6]
  • February 1119 – The 1928 Winter Olympics are held in St. Moritz, Switzerland, the first as a separate event. Sonja Henie of Norway wins her first gold medal in women's figure skating.
  • February 12 – Heavy hail kills 11 in Britain.
  • February 20 – The Japanese general election produces a hung parliament.
  • February 25Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, D.C., becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.

March

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  • March 15 incident: The Japanese government cracks down on socialists and communists.
  • Chinese warlord Shi Yousan sets fire to the Shaolin Monastery in Henan, destroying some of its ancient structures and artifacts.[7]
  • March 21Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for his first Transatlantic flight.
  • March 26 – The China Academy of Art is founded in Hangzhou (originally named the National Academy of Art).

April

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  • April 10 – "Pineapple Primary": The United States Republican Party primary elections in Chicago are preceded by violence, bombings and assassination attempts (two politicians are killed, Octavius C. Granady and Giuseppe Esposito).
  • April 12 – A bomb attack against Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini in Milan kills 17 bystanders.
  • April 1214 – The first ever east–west transatlantic flight by aeroplane takes place from Dublin, Ireland, to Greenly Island, Canada, using German Junkers W 33 Bremen.
  • April 14 – Two earthquakes in Chirpan and Plovdiv in Bulgaria destroy more than 21,000 buildings and kill almost 130 people.
  • April 19 – The last section ("wise – wyze") of the original Oxford English Dictionary is completed and published.[8]
  • April 22 – An earthquake destroys 200,000 buildings in Corinth.
  • April 28 – 28 inches of snow fall in southern-central Pennsylvania.[9]

May

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  • May 3Jinan incident: An armed conflict between the Imperial Japanese Army allied with Northern Chinese warlords against the Kuomintang's southern army, occurs in Jinan, China.
  • May 7 – Passage of the Representation of the People Act in the United Kingdom lowers the voting age for women from 30 to 21 giving them equal suffrage with men from July 2.[10]
  • May 10 – The first regular schedule of television programming begins in Schenectady, New York by the General Electric's television station W2XB (the station is popularly known as WGY Television, after its sister radio station WGY).
  • May 15
    • The Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia commences operations.
    • The animated short Plane Crazy is released by Disney Studios in Los Angeles, featuring the first appearances of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.
  • May 23 – A bomb attack against the Italian consulate in Buenos Aires, Argentina, kills 22 and injures 43.
  • May 24 – The airship Italia crashes at the North Pole; one of the occupants is Italian general Umberto Nobile. A rescue expedition leaves for the Pole on May 30.
  • May 30 – Rookie driver Louis Meyer wins his first Indianapolis 500. He would win that race again in 1933 and 1936.

June

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  • June 3 – American serial killer Albert Fish kidnaps and kills 10-year-old Grace Budd.
  • June 4Huanggutun incident: Zhang Zuolin, a warlord, is killed by Japanese agents.
  • June 8 – By seizing Beijing and renaming it Běipíng, the National Revolutionary Army puts an end to the 'Fengtian warlords' Beiyang government there.
  • June 9
    • Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith and his crew complete the first flight across the Pacific Ocean from the mainland United States to Australia in Fokker F.VII aircraft Southern Cross. Having left Oakland, California on May 31, they reach Brisbane via Honolulu and Fiji.
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  • June 11 – A medical doctors' strike begins in Vienna.
  • June 14 – Students take over the medical wing of Rosario University in Argentina.
  • June 1718 – Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to make a successful Transatlantic flight, as a passenger in a Fokker F.VIIb/3m piloted by Wilmer Stultz from Newfoundland to Wales.
  • June 20Puniša Račić kills three opposition representatives in the Yugoslavian Parliament, and injures three others in gun attack.
  • June 24 – A Swedish aeroplane rescues part of the Italian North Pole expedition, including Umberto Nobile. The Soviet icebreaker Krasin saves the rest July 12.
  • June 28 – The International Railway (New York–Ontario) switches to one-man crews for its trolleys in Canada. The keel of the first 1000 ft-long Ocean Liner Oceanic (III) is laid; construction is delayed and later cancelled the following year.
  • June 29 – At the 1928 Democratic National Convention in Houston, Governor of New York Al Smith becomes the first Catholic nominated by a major political party for President of the United States.

July

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File:1928 Olympics poster.jpg

1928 Summer Olympics

  • July 2Charles Jenkins Laboratories' W3XK station begins broadcasting on 6.42 MHz using 48 lines.
  • July 3 – British inventor John Logie Baird demonstrates the world's first colour television transmission.[11]
  • July 7 – The first machine-sliced and machine-wrapped loaf of bread is sold in Chillicothe, Missouri, using Otto Frederick Rohwedder's technology.
  • July 12 – Mexican aviator Emilio Carranza dies in a solo plane crash in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, while returning from a goodwill flight to New York City.
  • July 17José de León Toral assassinates Álvaro Obregón, president of Mexico.
  • July 25 – The United States recalls its troops from China.
  • July 27
    • English cricketer Tich Freeman becomes the only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before the end of July.
    • Radclyffe Hall's novel The Well of Loneliness, with its theme of lesbian love, is published in London.
  • July 28August 12 – The 1928 Summer Olympics are held in Amsterdam, opening with the lighting of the Olympic flame. Women's athletics and gymnastics debut at these games and discus thrower Halina Konopacka of Poland became the first female Olympic gold medal winner for a track or field event. Coca-Cola enters Europe as sponsor of the games.

August

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  • August 2 – Italy and Ethiopia sign the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty.
  • August 16 – Serial killer Carl Panzram is arrested in Washington, D.C., for burglary. According to his confession, "In my lifetime I have murdered 21 human beings, I have committed thousands of burglaries, robberies, larcenies, arsons and, last but not least, I have committed sodomy on more than 1,000 male human beings. For all these things I am not in the least bit sorry."
  • August 22Al Smith accepts the Democratic presidential nomination, with WGY/W2XB simulcasting the event on radio and television.
  • August 25 – Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog of Albania; he is crowned September 1.
  • August 26 – In Scotland, May Donoghue finds the remains of a snail in her ginger beer, leading to the landmark negligence case Donoghue v Stevenson.[12]
  • August 27 – The Kellogg–Briand Pact is signed in Paris, the first treaty to outlaw aggressive war.
  • August 29C.D. Motagua is founded as an association football club in Honduras.
  • August 31The Threepenny Opera (Script error: No such module "lang".) by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill opens at the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, Berlin.

September

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  • September 1
    • Ahmet Zogu, President of the Albanian Republic, declares the country to be a constitutional monarchy, the Albanian Kingdom, with himself as King Zog I.
    • Richard E. Byrd leaves New York for the Arctic.
  • September 3
    • Philo Farnsworth demonstrates to the Press in San Francisco the world's first working all-electronic television system, employing electronic scanning in both the pickup and display devices.[13][14]
    • Alexander Fleming, at St Mary's Hospital, London, accidentally rediscovers the antibiotic Penicillin.[15]
  • September 11The Queen's Messenger is the first melodrama broadcast by Ernst F. W. Alexanderson at W2XAD (Schenectady, New York); WMAK (Kenmore) begins broadcasting in Buffalo, New York.
  • September 12 – The Okeechobee hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing 1,200 people.
  • September 15Tich Freeman sets an all-time record for the number of wickets taken in an English cricket season.
  • September 16 – The Okeechobee hurricane kills at least 2,500 people in Florida.
  • September 25Paul and Joseph Galvin incorporate the Galvin Manufacturing Corporation (later known as Motorola and Freescale).

October

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  • October 1Joseph Stalin launches the First Five-Year Plan (1928–1932 – The average nonfarm wage falls by 50% in the Soviet Union).
  • October 2
    • Josemaría Escrivá founds Opus Dei.
    • Arvid Lindman returns as Prime Minister of Sweden , with his right-wing rival Ernst Trygger as Foreign Minister of Sweden.
  • October 7Haile Selassie is crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia.
  • October 8Chiang Kai-shek is named as Generalissimo (Chairman of the National Military Council) of the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China.
  • October 12 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children's Hospital, Boston.
  • October 19William Edward Hickman is executed at San Quentin State Prison for the 1927 murder of 12-year-old Marion Parker.
  • October 22 – The Phi Sigma Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.
  • October 26 – The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM) is formally established, with the adoption of the “Statutes of the International Red Cross

November

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  • November 1Turkey passes a law switching the country from the Arabic to the Latin-based modern Turkish alphabet.
  • November 4Arnold Rothstein, New York City's most notorious gambler, is shot to death over a poker game in a Manhattan hotel.
  • November 6United States presidential election, 1928: Republican Herbert Hoover wins by a wide margin over Democratic Governor of New York Al Smith.
  • November 10
    • The enthronement ceremony of Emperor of Japan Hirohito, is held two years after he actually took the imperial throne on December 26, 1926, following the death of Emperor Taishō.
    • The MGM lion roars for the first time at the beginning of the film White Shadows in the South Seas.
  • November 12 – The Template:SS develops a severe starboard list, is abandoned and sinks approximately 200 miles off Hampton Roads, Virginia. Estimates of the dead range from 110 to 127.
  • November 17Boston Garden opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • November 18Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon released, but the first sound film and the first such film to be generally distributed.
  • November 22 – The one-movement ballet Boléro with music by Maurice Ravel and choreography by Bronislava Nijinska premières at the Paris Opéra to a commission by Ida Rubinstein.

December

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  • December 3 – In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sent to greet Alberto Santos-Dumont crashes near Cap Arcona, killing all on board.
  • December 21 – The United States Congress approves the construction of Boulder Dam, later renamed Hoover Dam.

Date unknown

  • Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago.
  • The old Canaanite city of Ugarit is rediscovered.
  • Margaret Mead's influential cultural anthropology text Coming of Age in Samoa is published in the U.S.
  • The Episcopal Church in the United States of America ratifies a new revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
  • W2XBS, RCA's first television station, is established in New York City.

Births

January

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File:San Sebastian Film Festival Jeanne Moureau crop 2.jpg

Jeanne Moreau

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Eduard Shevardnadze

  • January 1Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (d. 2016)
  • January 2
    • Howard Caine, American character actor (d. 1993)
    • Robert Goralski, American journalist (d. 1988)
    • Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese religious leader
    • Kate Molale, South African anti-Apartheid activist (d. 1980)
    • Dan Rostenkowski, American politician from Illinois (d. 2010)
  • January 5
    • Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, President of Pakistan and Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1979)
    • Walter Mondale, U.S. Senator, 42nd Vice President of the United States and Presidential candidate
  • January 6George H. Ross, American businessman
  • January 7William Peter Blatty, American writer
  • January 9Domenico Modugno, Italian singer, songwriter, actor and politician (d. 1994)
  • January 10Philip Levine, American poet
  • January 11
    • Mitchell Ryan, American actor
    • David L. Wolper, American television producer (d. 2010)
  • January 15Joanne Linville, American actress
  • January 16
    • William Kennedy, American author
    • Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (d. 1996)
  • January 17
    • Jean Barraqué, French composer (d. 1973)
    • Vidal Sassoon, English hairdresser (d. 2012)
  • January 21Gene Sharp, American political theorist of nonviolent action
  • January 22Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • January 23
  • January 24
    • Desmond Morris, English anthropologist and writer
    • Michel Serrault, French actor (d. 2007)
  • January 25
    • Cor van der Hart, Dutch footballer (d. 2006)
    • Eduard Shevardnadze, Georgian politician, 2nd President of Georgia (d. 2014)
  • January 26Roger Vadim, French film director (d. 2000)
  • January 27Hans Modrow, East German Premier
  • January 30
    • Mitch Leigh, American musical theatre composer and theatrical producer (d. 2014)
    • Hal Prince, American stage producer and director

February

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Jean Kennedy Smith

File:Ariel Sharon, by Jim Wallace (Smithsonian Institution).jpg

Ariel Sharon

  • February 1
    • Tom Lantos, American Congressman (d. 2008)
    • Stuart Whitman, American film and television actor
  • February 3Frankie Vaughan, British singer (d. 1999)
  • February 4Kim Yong-nam, North Korean politician
  • February 5Andrew Greeley, American Roman Catholic priest and fiction novelist (d. 2013)
  • February 8Gene Lees, Canadian biographer and lyricist (d. 2010)
  • February 9
    • Frank Frazetta, American illustrator (d. 2010)
    • Rinus Michels, Dutch association football player and coach (d. 2005)
    • Roger Mudd, American journalist
  • February 16Porfi Jiménez, Dominican-Venezuelan musician (d. 2010)
  • February 18John Ostrom, American paleontologist (d. 2005)
  • February 20Jean Kennedy Smith, American diplomat
  • February 22 – Sir Bruce Forsyth, English entertainer
  • February 23
    • Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (d. 1973)
    • Vasily Lazarev, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1990)
  • February 26
    • Fats Domino, African-American musician
    • Anatoly Filipchenko, Russian cosmonaut
    • Ariel Sharon, 11th Prime Minister of Israel (d. 2014)

March

File:Ramos Pentagon.jpg

Fidel Valdez Ramos

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Fred Rogers

File:Alexander Grothendieck.jpg

Alexander Grothendieck

File:Gordie Howe Chex card.jpg

Gordie Howe

  • March 1Jacques Rivette, French filmmaker (d. 2016)
  • March 3Gudrun Pausewang, German writer
  • March 4
    • Samuel Adler, American composer
    • Alan Sillitoe, English writer (d. 2010)
  • March 8Gerald Bull, Canadian engineer (d. 1990)
  • March 10
    • Kiyoshi Atsumi, Japanese actor (d. 1996)
    • James Earl Ray, American assassin (d. 1998)
  • March 12
  • March 14Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente, Spanish naturalist and broadcaster (d. 1980)
  • March 16
    • Karlheinz Böhm, Austrian actor (d. 2014)
    • Wakanohana Kanji I, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2010)
    • Christa Ludwig, German mezzo-soprano
    • Victor Maddern, English actor (d. 1993)
  • March 17Eunice Gayson, English Actress
  • March 18Fidel Valdez Ramos, President of the Philippines
  • March 19
    • Arthur Cook, American shooter
    • Hans Küng, Swiss Roman Catholic theologian
    • Patrick McGoohan, American-born British-based actor of Irish descent (d. 2009)
  • March 20Fred Rogers, American children's television host (d. 2003)
  • March 21Surya Bahadur Thapa, 24th Prime Minister of Nepal (d. 2015)
  • March 24Byron Janis, American pianist
  • March 25Jim Lovell, American astronaut
  • March 28
    • Zbigniew Brzezinski, Polish-born U.S. National Security Advisor
    • Alexander Grothendieck, German-born mathematician (d. 2014)
  • March 29Vincent Gigante, Italian-American mobster (d. 2005)
  • March 31
    • Lefty Frizzell, American country music performer (d. 1975)
    • Gordie Howe, Canadian hockey player (d. 2016)

April

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Maya Angelou

File:James D Watson.jpg

James D. Watson

File:Temple Black 1990.jpg

Shirley Temple

  • April 1George Grizzard, American actor (d. 2007)
  • April 2
  • April 4
    • Maya Angelou, African-American poet and novelist (d. 2014)
    • Estelle Harris, American actress
  • April 6
  • April 7
    • James Garner, American actor and producer (d. 2014)
    • Alan J. Pakula, American producer and director (d. 1998)
    • James White, Irish writer (d. 1999)
  • April 8Eric Porter, English actor (d. 1995)
  • April 9Tom Lehrer, American songwriter and satirist
  • April 11Ethel Kennedy, wife of Robert F. Kennedy
  • April 12
    • Hardy Krüger, German actor
    • Jean-François Paillard, French conductor (d. 2013)
  • April 17Cynthia Ozick, American writer
  • April 18Karl Josef Becker, German cardinal (d. 2015)
  • April 19
    • Alexis Korner, British musician (d. 1984)
    • Sultan Azlan Shah of Perak, King of Malaysia (d. 2014)
  • April 20Robert Byrne, American chess player (d. 2013)
  • April 23Shirley Temple, American actress and diplomat (d. 2014)
  • April 25Cy Twombly, American artist (d. 2011)
  • April 27Brigitte Auber, French actress
  • April 28Yves Klein, French artist (d. 1962)

May

File:Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg

Hosni Mubarak

File:KevorkianUCLARoyce.jpg

Jack Kevorkian

  • May 1
    • Sonny James, American country singer (d. 2016)
    • Desmond Titterington, British race car driver (d. 2002)
  • May 3
    • Dave Dudley, American singer (d. 2003)
    • Jacques-Louis Lions, French mathematician (d. 2001)
  • May 4
    • Maynard Ferguson, Canadian jazz trumpeter (d. 2006)
    • Elemér Hankiss, Hungarian sociologist and philosopher (d. 2015)
    • Hosni Mubarak, former President of Egypt
    • Joseph Tydings, former Democratic United States Senator
  • May 8
    • Gregory Scarpa, American mobster (d. 1994)
    • Theodore Sorenson, American lawyer and speechwriter (d. 2010)
  • May 9
    • Pancho Gonzales, American tennis player (d. 1995)
    • Barbara Ann Scott, Canadian figure skater (d. 2012)
    • Jean Smith, American professional baseball player (d. 2011)
  • May 10
    • Mel Lewis, American jazz drummer and band leader (d. 1990)
    • Lothar Schmid, German chess player (d. 2013)
    • Arnold Rüütel, President of Estonia
  • May 12Burt Bacharach, American composer
  • May 13Jim Shoulders, American rodeo cowboy (d. 2007)
  • May 16Billy Martin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1989)
  • May 18Pernell Roberts, American actor (d. 2010)
  • May 19
    • Colin Chapman, Founder of Lotus Cars (d. 1982)
    • Dolph Schayes, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • May 21Alice Drummond, American actress
  • May 23
    • Jeannie Carson, English actress and comedian
    • Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (d. 2002)
  • May 24Adrian Frutiger, Swiss typeface designer and cutter (d. 2015)
  • May 26Jack Kevorkian, American right-to-die advocate (d. 2011)

June

File:Fabiola of Belgium 1969.jpg

Queen Fabiola of Belgium

File:John Forbes Nash, Jr. by Peter Badge.jpg

John Forbes Nash, Jr.

File:CheHigh.jpg

Che Guevara

  • June 1
    • Georgi Dobrovolski, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971)
    • Bob Monkhouse, English comedian and game show host (d. 2003)
  • June 3Donald Judd, American artist (d. 1994)
  • June 10Maurice Sendak, American children's author/illustrator (d. 2012)
  • June 11Queen Fabiola of Belgium, Spanish Queen Consort of King Baudouin of Belgium (d. 2014)
  • June 12Richard M. Sherman, American songwriter
  • June 13
    • John Forbes Nash, Jr., American mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics (d. 2015)
    • Giacomo Biffi, Italian Cardinal (d. 2015)
  • June 14 – Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna aka Che Guevara, Argentine-born Cuban revolutionary (d. 1967)
  • June 16Annie Cordy, Belgian actress and singer
  • June 19
    • Nancy Marchand, American actress (d. 2000)
    • Tommy DeVito, American musician and former guitarist of 'The Four Seasons'
  • June 20Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (d. 1964)
  • June 21
    • Fiorella Mari, Brazilian-Italian actress
    • Margit Bara, Hungarian actress (d. 2016)
    • Al Mengert, American former professional golfer
    • Wolfgang Haken, German mathematician
  • June 22Ralph Waite, American actor and political activist (d. 2014)
  • June 23Klaus von Dohnányi, German politician
  • June 24
    • Wolfgang Altenburg, German general
    • Moray Watson, English actor
    • Lester Grinspoon, Associate Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School
  • June 25Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 26
    • Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
    • Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • June 27Antoinette Spaak, Belgian politician
  • June 28
    • Hans Blix, Swedish diplomat and politician
    • Harold Evans, British newspaper editor
  • June 29
    • Jean-Louis Pesch, French writer
    • Alfredo Biondi, Italian policitian and lawyer
  • June 30Tony Conyers, British journalist (d. 2011)

July

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  • July 1
    • Bucky McConnell, American former professional basketball player
    • Andreas Aarflot, Norwegian theologian and bishop emeritus in the Church of Norway
  • July 2
    • Sidney Kibrick, American former child actor
    • Iven Carl Kincheloe, Jr., American Korean War fighter ace and test pilot (d. 1958)
    • Line Renaud, French actress
    • Neil Dansie, former Australian first-class cricketer
  • July 3
    • Evelyn Anthony, British female writer
    • Georges-Jean Arnaud, French author
  • July 4
    • Teofisto Guingona, Jr., 13th Vice President of the Philippines
    • Giampiero Boniperti, Italian football player
  • July 5
    • Juris Hartmanis, prominent computer scientist and computational theorist
    • Lorraine Fisher, American professional baseball player (d. 2007)
    • Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
  • July 6
    • Bernard Malgrange, French mathematician
    • Néstor de Villa, Filipino actor (d. 2004)
  • July 7
    • Patricia Hitchcock, English actress
    • Søren Elung Jensen, Danish actor
  • July 8
    • Pat Adams, American painter and printmaker
    • Balakh Sher Mazari, former Prime Minister of Pakistan
    • Rudolf Kortokraks, German painter (d. 2014)
  • July 9Federico Bahamontes, Spanish road bicycle racer
  • July 10Moshe Greenberg, American Bible scholar (d. 2010)
  • July 11
    • Jane Gardam, English writer of children's and adult fiction
    • Bobo Olson, American boxer (d. 2002)
  • July 12
    • Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Hayden White, American historian
  • July 13
    • Mace Neufeld, American film and television producer
    • Tommaso Buscetta, Italian mafioso (d. 2000)
    • Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978)
    • Leroy Vinnegar, American musician (d. 1999)
  • July 14
    • Pal Benko, French chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems
    • Ezra Fleischer, Romanian dissident, later Israeli writer (d. 2006)
    • Bedabrata Barua, Indian politician
  • July 15
    • Nicholas Rescher, German-American philosopher
    • Carlo Lenci, Italian professional football player.
  • July 16
    • Bella Davidovich, Jewish Soviet-born American pianist
    • Mehmet Dursun, Turkish former sports shooter
    • Robert Sheckley, American writer (d. 2005)
  • July 17
  • July 18Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch poet and writer (d. 2009)
  • July 20Belaid Abdessalam, Algerian politician
  • July 22Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (d. 2005)
  • July 25
    • Dolphy, Filipino actor and comedian (d. 2012)
    • Mario Montenegro, Filipino actor (d. 1988)
  • July 26
    • Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician; 8th President of the Republic of Italy (d. 2010)
    • Joe Jackson, manager and father of Michael Jackson
    • Stanley Kubrick, American film director (d. 1999)
    • Bernice Rubens, British novelist (d. 2004)
  • July 29
    • Philippe Bär, Dutch Roman Catholic bishop
    • Li Ka-shing, Asia's & Hong Kong's richest person and major philanthropist
  • July 30Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • July 31Gilles Carle, Canadian film director and screenwriter (d. 2009)

August

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Andy Warhol

File:RANDI.jpg

James Randi

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  • August 3Henning Moritzen, Danish actor (d. 2012)
  • August 4Flóra Kádár, Hungarian actress (d. 2002)
  • August 5Bogdan Maglich, American physicist
  • August 6Andy Warhol, American artist (d. 1987)
  • August 7James Randi, Canadian-American retired stage magician and scientific skeptic
  • August 8
    • Simón Díaz, Venezuelan folk composer and singer (d. 2014)
    • Jane Stoll, American professional baseball player (d. 2000)
  • August 9
    • Bob Cousy, American basketball player
    • Gerd Ruge, German journalist, author and filmmaker
  • August 10
    • Jimmy Dean, American musician, entrepreneur (d. 2010)
    • Eddie Fisher, American singer (d. 2010)
  • August 12Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • August 15Nicolas Roeg, English film director
  • August 16
    • Eydie Gormé, American singer (d. 2013)
    • Ann Blyth, American actress and singer
  • August 17Willem Duys, Dutch radio and television presenter, tennis player and music producer (d. 2011)
  • August 18Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (d. 2004)
  • August 19Queen Ratna of Nepal
  • August 22Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer (d. 2007)
  • August 23Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
  • August 25Herbert Kroemer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 26Zdeněk Veselovský, Czech zoologist (d. 2006)
  • August 31
    • James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)
    • Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Roman Catholic prelate (d. 2005)

September

File:RoddyMcDowall.jpg

Roddy McDowall

File:Elie Wiesel 2012 Shankbone.JPG

Elie Wiesel

October

  • October 1
    • Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born South African actor (d. 1973)
    • George Peppard, American film and television actor (d. 1994)
    • Zhu Rongji, former Premier of the People's Republic of China
  • October 2George "Spanky" McFarland, American actor and singer (died June 1993)
  • October 3Edward L. Moyers, American railroad executive (d. 2006)
  • October 7
    • Muriel Bevis, American female professional baseball player (d. 2002)
    • Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (d. 1980)
  • October 8Bill Maynard, British actor
  • October 9Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (d. 2016)
  • October 10Sheila F. Walsh, English novelist (d. 2009)
  • October 15Paul Giambarba, American graphic designer
  • October 20Li Peng, former Premier of the People's Republic of China
  • October 21Whitey Ford, American baseball player
  • October 24Mohammad Beheshti, Chief Justice of Iran (d. 1981)
  • October 25
    • Jeanne Cooper, American actress (d. 2013)
    • Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
    • Marion Ross, American actress
  • October 30Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1999)

November

File:Ennio Morricone Cannes 2012.jpg

Ennio Morricone

File:Carlos Fuentes.jpg

Carlos Fuentes

  • November 3
    • Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)
    • George Yardley, American basketball player (d. 2004)
    • Nick Holonyak, American electrical engineer and inventor
  • November 9
    • Anne Sexton, American poet (d. 1974)
    • Werner Veigel, German journalist and news presenter (d. 1995)
  • November 10Ennio Morricone, Italian composer
  • November 11Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer (d. 2012)
  • November 16Clu Gulager, American actor and director
  • November 17
    • Arman, French artist (d. 2005)
    • Rance Howard, American actor
    • Anna Meyer, American female professional baseball player
  • November 18
    • Inge Bandekow, wife of German industrialist Harald Quandt (d. 1978)
    • Otar Gordeli, Georgian composer (d. 1994)
  • November 19Ina van Faassen, Dutch actress and comedian (d. 2011)
  • November 20Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor.
  • November 22
    • Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (d. 2008)
    • Pat Smythe, British showjumper and author (d. 1996)
  • November 28
    • Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (d. 1980)
    • Piet Steenbergen, Dutch footballer (d. 2010)
  • November 29Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (d. 2003)
  • November 30
    • Takako Doi, Japanese politician (d. 2014)
    • Joe B. Hall, American basketball coach
    • Peter Hans Kolvenbach, Dutch Superior General of the Society of Jesus

December

File:Noam Chomsky, 2004.jpg

Noam Chomsky

File:DickVanPattenByPhilKonstantin.jpg

Dick Van Patten

File:Martin Cooper, Two Antennas, October 2010.jpg

Martin Cooper

File:Bo Diddley Prag 2005 02.jpg

Bo Diddley

Date unknown

  • Sidney Kimmel, Philanthropist and Film Producer Sidney Kimmel Entertainment
  • Norman Carlberg, American sculptor
  • George Parrish, retired American NASCAR Cup Series driver

Deaths

January–March

File:Hendrik Antoon Lorentz.jpg

Hendrik Lorentz

File:Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg

Herbert Henry Asquith

  • January 1Loie Fuller, American dancer (b. 1862)
  • January 3
    • Dorothy Donnelly, American actress and songwriter (b. 1880)
    • Emily Stevens, American actress (b. 1882)
  • January 6Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (b. 1876)
  • January 11Thomas Hardy, English writer (b. 1840)
  • January 12Ruth Snyder, American murderer (executed) (b. 1895)
  • January 21
    • John de Robeck, British admiral (b. 1862)
    • Nikolai Astrup, Norwegian painter (b. 1880)
  • January 28Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish novelist and screenwriter(b. 1867)
  • January 29Douglas Haig, British soldier (b. 1861)
  • January 30Johannes Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1867)
  • February 1Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1869)
  • February 4Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • February 12Manfred von Clary-Aldringen, Austro-Hungarian nobleman and statesman, former Prime Minister of Austria (b. 1852)
  • February 15Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)
  • February 16Eddie Foy, American vaudevillian (b. 1856)
  • February 26Juan Vázquez de Mella, Spanish scholar and politician (b. 1861)
  • February 28Armando Diaz, Italian general and Marshal of Italy (b. 1861)
  • March 7Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
  • March 19Nora Bayes, American singer and actress (b. 1880)
  • March 21Edward Walter Maunder, British astronomer (b. 1851)
  • March 31Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (b. 1858)

April–June

File:Amundsen in fur skins.jpg

Roald Amundsen

  • April 2Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
  • April 5Roy Kilner, English cricketer (b. 1890)
  • April 19Dorus Rijkers, famous Dutch sailor and savior of over 500 men, women and children (b. 1847)
  • April 22
    • Warner B. Bayley, United States Navy rear admiral (b. 1845)
    • Frank Currier, American actor (b. 1857)
  • April 25Floyd Bennett, American aviator (b. 1890)
  • April 27Alessandro Guidoni, Italian air force general (b. 1880)
  • May 8Clara Williams, American actress (b. 1888)
  • May 18Big Bill Haywood, American labor leader (b. 1869)
  • May 19
    • Max Scheler, German philosopher (b. 1874)
    • Henry F. Gilbert, American composer (b. 1868)
  • May 22Francisco López Merino, Argentine poet (b. 1904)
  • June 4Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (b. 1873)
  • June 12Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (b. 1853
  • June 14Emmeline Pankhurst, British women's suffrage campaigner (b. 1858)
  • June 16Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools (b. 1867)
  • June 18Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer (b. 1872)
  • June 22
    • A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
    • George Siegmann, American actor (b. 1882)
  • June 24Holbrook Blinn, American actor (b. 1872)
  • June 28Leo Ditrichstein, Austrian born actor and playwright (b. 1865)

July–September

Template:Double image

File:Wilhelm Wien 1911.jpg

Wilhelm Wien

  • July 1Frankie Yale, American gangster (b. 1893)
  • July 17
    • Álvaro Obregón, former President of Mexico (assassinated) (b. 1880)
    • Giovanni Giolitti, five times Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1842)
  • July 21
    • Mihail Savov, Bulgarian general (b. 1857)
    • Dame Ellen Terry, British stage actress (b. 1847)
  • July 22William M. Folger, American admiral (b. 1844)
  • August 8Stjepan Radić, Croatian politician (assassinated) (b. 1871)
  • August 12Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (b. 1854)
  • August 16Carlo del Prete, Italian aviator (b. 1897)
  • August 27Émile Fayolle, French general (b. 1852)
  • August 30
    • Hugh Evan-Thomas, British admiral (b. 1862)
    • Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • September 9Urban Shocker, American baseball player (b. 1890)
  • September 13Italo Svevo, Italian writer and businessman (b. 1861)

October–December

File:Eusepi Cecilia.jpg

Blessed Cecilia Eusepi

File:Andrewfisher2.JPG

Andrew Fisher

  • October 1Cecilia Eusepi, Italian religious leader and blessed (b. 1910)
  • October 8Larry Semon, American film actor (b. 1889)
  • October 13Dagmar of Denmark, later Maria Fyodorovna, wife of Tsar Alexander III and Empress Consort of Russia (b. 1847)
  • October 22Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • October 24Arthur Bowen Davies, American artist (b. 1863)
  • October 30Robert Lansing, U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1864)
  • October 31John William Wood, Sr., North Carolinian politician, founder of Benson, North Carolina (b. 1855)
  • November 4Arnold Rothstein, Jewish-American businessman and gangster (b. 1882)
  • November 5Vlasios Tsirogiannis, Greek general (b. 1872)
  • November 10Alexander Trepov, former Prime Minister of the Russian Empire (b. 1862)
  • November 12Oskar Victorovich Stark, Russian admiral and explorer (b. 1846)
  • November 13Enrico Cecchetti, Italian ballet dancer (b. 1850)
  • November 17Lala Lajpat Rai "The Lion of Punjab", a leader of the Indian independence movement (b. 1865)
  • November 18Mauritz Stiller, Finnish screenwriter and director (b. 1883)
  • November 21Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line, (b. 1858)
  • November 26Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (b. 1863)
  • November 27Frank Hedges Butler, British wine merchant and foundering member of the Aero Club of Great Britain (b. 1855)
  • December 1
    • Arthur Gore, British tennis player (b. 1868)
    • José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
  • December 2Hallam Tennyson, second Governor-General of Australia (b. 1852)
  • December 10Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect (b. 1868)
  • December 11Lewis Latimer, American inventor (b. 1848)
  • December 14
    • Theodore Roberts, American actor (b. 1861)
    • Pierre Ruffey, French general (b. 1851)
  • December 16Elinor Wylie, American poet and novelist (b. 1885)
  • December 17Eglantyne Jebb, English human rights activist and co-founder of Save the Children (b. 1876)
  • December 21Luigi Cadorna, Italian general (b. 1850)
  • December 25Fred Thomson, American silent film actor (b. 1890)

Nobel Prizes

In fiction

  • This year is the setting of the video game Blood (1997) retroactively dated in the game's sequel Blood II: The Chosen (1998)
  • This is the year that the Stargate is discovered in Giza, Egypt, near the Great Pyramids, as seen in the film Stargate (1994).

References

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