Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1926 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Events

January

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  • January 1
    • Flooding of the Rhine River struck Cologne; 50,000 were forced to evacuate their homes.[1]
    • Ireland's first regular radio service, 2RN (later Radio Éireann), began broadcasting.
  • January 3Theodoros Pangalos declared himself dictator in Greece.
  • January 6 – The airline Deutsche Luft Hansa was founded in Berlin.
  • January 8Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud was crowned King of Hejaz.
  • January 12Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll premiered their radio program Sam 'n' Henry, in which the two white performers portray two black characters from Harlem looking to strike it rich in the big city. It was a precursor to Gosden and Correll's more popular later program, Amos 'n' Andy.
  • January 16 – A BBC comic radio play broadcast by Ronald Knox about a workers' revolution caused a panic in London.[2]
  • January 21 – The Belgian Parliament accepted the Locarno Treaties.
  • January 26 – Scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated a mechanical television system for members of the Royal Institution and a reporter from The Times at his London laboratory.
  • January 29Eugene O'Neill's The Great God Brown opened at the Greenwich Theatre.
  • January 31 – British and Belgian troops left Cologne.

February

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  • February 1 – Land on Broadway and Wall Street in New York City was sold at a record $7 per sq inch.
  • February 8Seán O'Casey's The Plough and the Stars opened at the Abbey Theatre in Dublin.
  • February 9 – Flooding hit London suburbs.
  • February 12 – The Irish minister for Justice, Kevin O'Higgins, appointed the Committee on Evil Literature.
  • February 20 – The Berlin International Green Week debuted in Berlin.
  • February 25Francisco Franco became General of Spain.

March

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File:Goddard and Rocket.jpg

March 16: Goddard with rocket in 1926.

  • March 6 – The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon was destroyed by fire.
  • March 16Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fuel rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.
  • March 23Éamon de Valera organized Fianna Fáil in Ireland.

April

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  • April 4 – Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos won the presidential election with 93.3% of the vote. Turnout was light as the result was considered a foregone conclusion.[3]
  • April 7 – An assassination attempt against Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini fails.
  • April 12 – By a vote of 45–41, the United States Senate unseats Iowa Senator Smith W. Brookhart and seats Daniel F. Steck, after Brookhart had already served for over one year.
  • April 17Zhang Zuolin's army captured Beijing.[4]
  • April 24Treaty of Berlin: Germany and the Soviet Union each pledged neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.
  • April 25Rezā Khan was crowned Shah of Iran under the name "Pahlevi".
  • April 30 – African-American pilot Bessie Coleman was killed after falling Script error: No such module "convert". from an airplane.

May

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  • May 3 – Coal miners were locked out in Britain.
  • May 4 – The United Kingdom general strike began at midnight in support of the coal strike.
  • May 9
    • Martial law was declared in Britain because of the general strike.
    • The French navy bombarded Damascus because of the Druze riots.
    • Explorer Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett claimed to be the first to fly over the North Pole in the Josephine Ford monoplane, taking off from Spitsbergen, Norway and returning 15 hours and 44 minutes later. Both men were immediately hailed as national heroes, though some experts have since been skeptical of the claim, believing that the plane was unlikely to have covered the entire distance and back in that short an amount of time.[5] An entry in Byrd's diary discovered in 1996 suggested that the plane actually turned back 150 miles short of the North Pole due to an oil leak.[6]
  • May 10
    • Talks between the government and strikers began in the U.K.
    • Planes piloted by Major Harold Geiger and Horace Meek Hickam, students at the Air Corps Tactical School, collided in mid-air at Langley Field, Virginia. Hickam parachutes to safety.
  • May 12
    • Roald Amundsen and his crew flew over the North Pole in the airship Norge.
    • UK General Strike 1926: In the United Kingdom, a general strike by trade unions ended (the strike began on May 3).
  • May 12May 14May Coup: Józef Piłsudski took over in Poland.
  • May 18 – Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson disappeared while visiting a Venice, California beach.
  • May 20 – The United States Congress passed the Air Commerce Act, licensing pilots and planes.
  • May 23 – The first Lebanese constitution was established.
  • May 26 – The Rif War ended when Rif rebels surrendered in Morocco.
  • May 28 – The 1926 coup d'état commanded by Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal installed the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship), followed by António de Oliveira Salazar's Estado Novo.

June

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  • June 4Ignacy Mościcki became president of Poland.
  • June 7 The Liberal politician Carl Gustaf Ekman succeeds Rickard Sandler as Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • June 19DeFord Bailey was the first African-American to perform on Nashville's Grand Ole Opry.
  • June 29Arthur Meighen briefly returned to office as Prime Minister of Canada during the King-Byng Affair.

July

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  • July 1 – The Mammoth Cave National Park is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • July 1 – The Kuomintang began a military unification campaign in northern China.
  • July 3 – A Caudron C.61 aircraft operated by Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne crashed in Czechoslovakia.
  • July 9 – General Óscar Carmona took power in a military coup in Portugal.
  • July 10 – A bolt of lightning struck Picatinny Arsenal in New Jersey. The resulting fire caused several million pounds of explosives to blow up in the next two to three days.
  • July 15BEST buses made their début in Bombay.
  • July 23Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • July 26 – The National Bar Association incorporated in the United States.

August

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  • August 1 – In Mexico, the entry into force of anticlerical measures stipulated in the constitution of 1917 caused the Cristero War.
  • August 6
    • Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel from France to England.
    • In New York, the Warner Brothers' Vitaphone system premiered with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.
  • August 18
    • The British miners' union began negotiations with the government.
    • A weather map was televised for the first time, sent from NAA Arlington to the Weather Bureau office in Washington, D.C.
  • August 22 – In Greece, Georgios Kondylis ousted Theodoros Pangalos.
  • August 23 – The sudden death of popular Hollywood actor and sex symbol Rudolph Valentino at the age of only 31 years old caused mass grief and hysteria around the world.
  • August 25Pavlos Kountouriotis announced that dictatorship had ended in Greece and he was now the president.

September

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  • September 1Lebanon under the French Mandate got its first constitution, thereby becoming a republic. Charles Debbas was elected president.
  • September 8 – The German Weimar Republic joined the League of Nations.
  • September 11
    • Aloha Tower was officially dedicated at Honolulu Harbor in the Territory of Hawai'i.
    • In Rome, Italy, Gino Lucetti threw a bomb at Benito Mussolini's car, but Mussolini was unhurt.
  • September 14 – The Locarno Treaties of 1925 were ratified in Geneva and came into effect.
  • September 16 – Philip Dunning and George Abbott's play Broadway premieres in New York City.
  • September 18Great Miami Hurricane: A strong hurricane devastated Miami, leaving over 100 dead and causing several hundred million dollars in damage (equal to nearly $100 billion today).
  • September 19Giuseppe Meazza (San Siro) Stadium, as known well for sports venues of Italy, officially opened in Milan.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • September 20 – The North Side Gang attempted to assassinate Al Capone, spraying his headquarters in Cicero, Illinois with over a thousand rounds of machine gun fire in broad daylight as Capone was eating there. Capone escaped harm.[7][8]
  • September 21 – French war ace René Fonck and three others attempted to fly the Atlantic in pursuit of the Orteig Prize. Before the newsreel cameras at Roosevelt Field New York, the modified Sikorsky S-35 crashes on take-off and bursts into flames. Fonck survived but two of his men are killed.
  • September 23Gene Tunney defeated Jack Dempsey and became heavyweight boxing champion of the world.
  • September 25
    • The League of Nations Slavery Convention abolished all types of slavery.
    • William Lyon Mackenzie King returned to office as Prime Minister of Canada after winning the Canadian federal election.
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October

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  • October 2Józef Piłsudski became prime minister of Poland.
  • October 12 – British miners agreed to end their strike.
  • October 14A. A. Milne's children's book Winnie-the-Pooh was published in London, featuring the eponymous bear.
  • October 19 – The 1926 Imperial Conference opened in London.
  • October 20 – A hurricane killed 650 in Cuba.
  • October 23
    • Leon Trotsky and Lev Kamenev were removed from the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
    • A decree in Italy banned women from holding public office.
    • The Fazal Mosque, the first purpose-built in London and the first Ahmadiyya mosque in Britain, is completed.
  • October 31 – Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis that has developed after his appendix ruptured.

November

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  • November 5 – The APOEL FC is founded.
  • November 10 – In San Francisco, a necrophiliac serial killer named Earle Nelson (dubbed "Gorilla Man") killed and then rapes his 9th victim, a boarding house landlady named Mrs. William Edmonds.
  • November 11 – The United States Numbered Highway System, including U.S. Route 66, was established.
  • November 15
    • The NBC radio network opened with 24 stations (formed by Westinghouse, General Electric and RCA).
    • The Balfour Declaration was approved by the 1926 Imperial Conference, making the Commonwealth dominions equal and independent.
  • November 24
    • The village of Rocquebillier in the French Riviera was almost destroyed in a massive hailstorm.
    • Sri Aurobindo retired, leaving The Mother to run the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Puducherry, India.
  • November 25 – The death penalty was re-established in Italy.
  • November 26 – All Italian Communist deputies were arrested.
  • November 27 – The restoration of Colonial Williamsburg began in Williamsburg, Virginia.

December

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File:Hirohito in dress uniform.jpg

December 25: Emperor Hirohito

  • December 2 – British prime minister Stanley Baldwin ended the martial law that had been declared due to general strike.
  • December 3Agatha Christie disappeared from her home in Surrey; on December 14 she was found at a Harrogate hotel.
  • December 7 – The Council for the Preservation of Rural England (CPRE) founded; now the Campaign to Protect Rural England.
  • December 171926 Lithuanian coup d'état: A democratically elected government was overthrown in Lithuania; Antanas Smetona assumed power.
  • December 18Turkey converted to the Gregorian calendar, making the next day January 1 1927.
  • December 23 – Nicaraguan President Adolfo Díaz requested U.S. military assistance in the ongoing civil war. American peacekeeping troops immediately set up neutral zones in Puerto Cabezas and at the mouth of the Rio Grande to protect American and foreign lives and property.[9][10]
  • December 26 – In the history of Japan, the Shōwa period began from this day due to the death of Emperor Taishō on the day before. His son Hirohito reigned as Emperor of Japan until 1989. Showa 1 in the Japanese calendar was just six days long, prior to January 1 Showa 2 (1927).

Date unknown

  • Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddi became the first woman appointed to a legislature in India, the Madras Legislative Council.
  • Stephen H. Langdon began excavations in Jemdet Nasr finding proto-cuneiform clay tablets (3100–2900 BCE)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust) was first synthesized.
  • Widows' pensions were introduced in New South Wales, Australia.
  • The short-lived Western Australian Secession League was founded.
  • Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designed and marked rodeo's first high-cut rodeo chaps at Stirling, Alberta Canada.
  • The International African Institute is founded in London.
  • Raymond Pearl published his landmark book, Alcohol and Longevity.
  • American microbiologist Selman Waksman published Enzymes.
  • The Pike School of Andover, Massachusetts was founded.
  • Industrial output surpassed the level of 1913 in the USSR.Template:ClarifyScript error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • Al Capone was at the apex of his power.

Births

January

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Patricia Neal

February

File:Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978(3).jpg

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

File:Leslie Nielsen.jpg

Leslie Nielsen

File:Bob Richards.jpg

Bob Richards, 1952 Olympic gold medalist

  • February 2
    • Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of France
    • Miguel Obando y Bravo, Nicaraguan Roman Catholic prelate, archbishop of Managua and cardinal
  • February 3Hans-Jochen Vogel, German politician
  • February 4Gyula Grosics, Hungarian footballer (d. 2014)
  • February 7
    • Konstantin Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2009)
    • Bill Hoest, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
  • February 8Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
  • February 10
    • Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and football manager (d. 1993)
    • Mimi Sheraton, Chef and Author
  • February 11
    • Paul Bocuse, French chef
    • Alexander Gibson, British conductor and founder of the Scottish Opera (d. 1995)
    • Leslie Nielsen, Canadian-American actor (d. 2010)
  • February 12
    • Joe Garagiola Sr., American baseball player (d. 2016)
    • Charles Van Doren, American professor and subject of film, Quiz Show (film)
  • February 14Al Brodax, American film and television producer (d. 2016)
  • February 16
    • Margot Frank, sister of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
    • John Schlesinger, British film director (d. 2003)
  • February 17John Meyendorff, Orthodox scholar, protopresbiter, and educator (d. 1992)
  • February 20
    • Whitney Blake, American actress (d. 2002)
    • Richard Matheson, American author (d. 2013)
    • Bob Richards, American track and field athlete
  • February 22Kenneth Williams, English actor (d. 1988)
  • February 24Dave Sands, Australian boxer (d. 1952)
  • February 26Verne Gagne, American professional wrestler (d. 2015)
  • February 27David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2013)
  • February 28Svetlana Alliluyeva, Russian author (d. 2011)

March

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Andrzej Wajda

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Jerry Lewis

File:Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F030757-0015, Siegfried Lenz.jpg

Siegfried Lenz

  • March 1
    • Pete Rozelle, American commissioner of the National Football League (d. 1996)
    • Robert Clary, French-American actor, author and lecturer
  • March 2Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
  • March 3James Merrill, American poet (d. 1995)
  • March 4
    • Richard DeVos, American billionaire, co-founder of Amway
    • James J. Eagan, former Mayor of Florissant, Missouri (d. 2000)
    • Fran Warren, American popular singer (d. 2013)
  • March 6
    • Alan Greenspan, American economist and former Chairman of the Federal Reserve
    • Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director (d. 2016)
  • March 8 – Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor (d. 2001)
  • March 11
    • Derek Benfield, English playwright and actor (d. 2009)
    • Thomas Starzl, American physician
  • March 13Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
  • March 15Norm Van Brocklin, American football player (d. 1983)
  • March 16
    • Charles Goodell, American politician (d. 1987)
    • Jerry Lewis, American comedian and humanitarian (Muscular Dystrophy Telethon)
  • March 17
    • Jaynne Bittner, American female baseball player
    • Siegfried Lenz, German writer (d. 2014)
  • March 18Peter Graves, American actor (d. 2010)
  • March 24
    • Dario Fo, Italian author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
    • Ventsislav Yankov, Bulgarian pianist
  • March 25
    • László Papp, Hungarian boxer (d. 2003)
    • Gene Shalit, American film critic and television personality
  • March 28Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2014)
  • March 30
    • Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish businessman
    • Peter Marshall, American singer and television host (Hollywood Squares)
  • March 31John Fowles, English writer (d. 2005)

April

File:Hugh Hefner Glamourcon 2010.jpg

Hugh Hefner

File:Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg

Elizabeth II

File:HarperLee 2007Nov05.jpg

Harper Lee

File:ClorisLeachmanJune09.jpg

Cloris Leachman

  • April 1
  • April 2
    • Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver (d. 2014)
    • Robert Holmes, British scriptwriter (d. 1986)
  • April 3
    • Gus Grissom, American astronaut (d. 1967)
    • R. W. Schambach, American televangelist, speaker and author (d. 2012)
  • April 6
    • Alexander Butterfield, US politician
    • Sergio Franchi, Italian tenor and actor (d. 1990)
    • Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
    • Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician (d. 2014)
  • April 7
    • Prem Nazir, Indian actor (d. 1989)
    • Miyoko Asō, Japanese voice actress
  • April 9Hugh Hefner, American magazine editor (Playboy)
  • April 12
    • Khozh-Akhmed Bersanov, Chechen ethnographer
    • Jane Withers, American actress
  • April 14
    • Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, producer, director, teacher (d. 1996)
    • George Robledo, Chilean soccer player (d. 1989)
    • Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo, Spanish politician (d. 2008)
  • April 17Gerry McNeil, Canadian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • April 19Rawya Ateya, Egyptian politician and first female parliamentarian in the Arab world (d. 1997)
  • April 21
    • Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
    • Arthur Rowley, English footballer (d. 2002)
  • April 22
    • Charlotte Rae, American actress and singer
    • James Stirling, Scottish architect (d. 1992)
  • April 24Thorbjörn Fälldin, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 2016)
  • April 25Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (d. 2008)
  • April 26
    • David Coleman, British TV sports broadcaster (d. 2013)
    • Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
  • April 27Tim LaHaye, American evangelist, speaker and author (d. 2016)
  • April 28Harper Lee, American novelist (d. 2016)
  • April 29Paul Baran, American internet pioneer (d. 2011)
  • April 30
    • Edmund Cooper, British author and poet (d. 1982)
    • Cloris Leachman, American actress

May

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File:Miles Davis by Palumbo.jpg

Miles Davis

  • May 5
    • Ann B. Davis, American actress (The Brady Bunch) (d. 2014)
    • Bing Russell, American actor (d. 2003)
  • May 8
    • Sir David Attenborough, British broadcaster, naturalist and producer
    • Don Rickles, American comedian and actor
  • May 10Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, American film personality and publisher of The Hollywood Reporter (d. 2004)
  • May 14Eric Morecambe, English comedian and author (d. 1984)
  • May 15
    • Anthony Shaffer, English novelist and playwright (d. 2001) and his twin brother Peter Shaffer, English playwright (d. 2016)
  • May 17Franz Sondheimer, German-born British chemist (d. 1981)
  • May 17Dietmar Schönherr, Austrian film actor (d. 2014)
  • May 18Dirch Passer, Danish actor (d. 1980)
  • May 20John Lucarotti, TV writer (d. 1994)
  • May 21Robert Creeley, American Poet (d. 2005)
  • May 25Bill Sharman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • May 26Miles Davis, American musician (d. 1991)
  • May 27Kees Rijvers, Dutch football player and manager
  • May 29Abdoulaye Wade, 3rd President of Senegal
  • May 30
    • Johnny Gimble, American country musician and fiddler (d. 2015)
    • Tsuneo Watanabe, Japanese businessman

June

File:Marilyn Monroe (1961).jpg

Marilyn Monroe

File:Allen Ginsberg 1978.jpg

Allen Ginsberg

File:MelBrooksApr10.jpg

Mel Brooks

  • June 1
  • June 3
    • Roscoe Bartlett, Republican member of the United States House of Representatives
    • Allen Ginsberg, American poet (Howl) (d. 1997)
  • June 5 - Peter Peterson- US Secretary of Commerce 1972–1973 US Secretary of Commerce
  • June 6Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
  • June 9Happy Rockefeller, American socialite (d. 2015)
  • June 10Lionel Jeffries, British film director and actor (d. 2010)
  • June 11Frank Plicka, Czech-born photographer (d. 2010)
  • June 12Gaspare di Mercurio, Italian doctor and author (d. 2001)
  • June 13Paul Lynde, American comedian (d. 1982)
  • June 14Don Newcombe, American baseball player
  • June 15Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (d. 2006)
  • June 16William F. Roemer, Jr., United States FBI agent (d. 1996)
  • June 18Allan Sandage, American astronomer (d. 2010)
  • June 19Arno Mayer, American historian and writer
  • June 21
    • Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
    • Fred Cone, former professional American football fullback
  • June 22
    • George Englund, American film editor, director, producer and actor
    • Elyakim Haetzni, Israeli lawyer
    • Tadeusz Konwicki, Polish filmmaker (d. 2015)
  • June 23Arnaldo Pomodoro, Italian sculptor
  • June 24
    • Barbara Scofield, American tennis player
    • Aldo Brovarone, chief stylist for Pininfarina
  • June 25
    • Virginia Patton, American actress
    • Stig Sollander, Swedish alpine skier
    • Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)
  • June 26
    • Mahendra Bhatnagar, Hindi and Indian English poet from India
    • Fritz Zwazl, Austrian former swimmer
  • June 27
    • Bruce Tozer, Australian former cricketer
    • Giambattista Bonis, Italian professional football player
  • June 28Mel Brooks, American entertainer (The Producers)
  • June 29
    • Julius W. Becton, Jr., U.S Army lieutenant general
    • Bobby Morgan, American professional baseball player
    • Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • June 30
    • Reg Newton, English professional football goalkeeper
    • Paul Berg, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Peter Alexander, Austrian actor, singer and entertainer (d. 2011)

July

File:Distefano eg 1958.jpg

Alfredo Di Stéfano

  • July 1
    • Fernando J. Corbató, American computer scientist
    • Robert Fogel, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
    • Carl Hahn, German automotive executive, chairman of Volkswagen from 1982 to 1993
    • Hans Werner Henze, German composer (d. 2012)
  • July 3
    • María Lorenza Barreneche, former First Lady of Argentina (d. 2016)
    • Rae Allen, American actress and director of stage, film and television, and singer.
    • Laurence Street, Australian jurist and former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales
    • Sybille Haynes, British expert on Etruscology
  • July 4
    • Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-born footballer (d. 2014)
    • Amos Elon, Israeli writer (d. 2009)
    • Mary Stuart, American soap actress (d. 2002)
  • July 5
    • Viola Harris, American actress
    • Roy Hawes, American first baseman in Major League Baseball
    • Ivo Pitanguy, Brazilian plastic surgeon (d. 2016)
    • Mario Picone. American pitcher (d. 2013)
  • July 6Serge Roullet, French film director and screenwriter
  • July 7
    • Yvonne Ciannella, American coloratura soprano in opera and concert
    • Nuon Chea, Cambodian former communist politician who was the chief ideologist of the Khmer Rouge
  • July 8
    • John Dingell, American politician
    • Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
    • David Malet Armstrong, Australian philosopher (d. 2014)
  • July 9
    • Mathilde Krim, founding chairman of amfAR, the American Foundation for AIDS Research
    • Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Murphy Anderson, American comic book artist (d. 2015)
  • July 10
    • Harry Macpherson, American pitcher
    • Carleton Carpenter, American actor
    • Aldo Tortorella, Italian journalist, former politician and partisan
    • Fred Gwynne, American actor and author (d. 1993)
  • July 11
    • Teddy Reno, Italian singer, actor and record producer
    • Frederick Buechner, American author and theologian
    • Joe Houston, American saxophonist (d. 2015)
  • July 12
    • Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali, wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad
    • Martin Bott, English geologist and now Emeritus Professor
  • July 14Harry Dean Stanton, American film and television actor
  • July 15
    • Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
    • Raymond Gosling, English physicist (d. 2015)
  • July 16
    • Stanley Clements, American actor (d. 1981)
    • Irwin Rose, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2015)
    • Emile Degelin, Belgian film director and novelist
  • July 17
    • Arrigo Levi, Italian journalist, essayist and TV anchorman
    • William Pierson, American television, motion picture and stage actor (d. 2004)
    • Willis Carto, American far right (d. 2015)
  • July 18
    • Nita Bieber, American actress
    • Bernard Pons, French politician and medical doctor
    • Maunu Kurkvaara, Finnish film director and screenwriter
    • Robert Sloman, English writer (d. 2005)
    • Joshua Fishman, American linguist (d. 2015)
  • July 19Helen Gallagher, American actress, dancer, singer, and makeup artist
  • July 20Russ Gorman, Australian politician
  • July 21
    • Rahimuddin Khan, four-star general of the Pakistan Army
    • Norman Jewison, American film director
    • Arthur Edgehill, American hard bop jazz
  • July 22
    • Jerry Clack, Professor of Classical Languages at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh
    • J. I. Packer, British-born Canadian Christian theologian in the low church Anglican and Reformed traditions
    • Bryan Forbes, English film director (d. 2013)
  • July 24Hans Günter Winkler, German equestrian and show jumper
  • July 26
    • James Best, American actor (The Dukes of Hazzard) (d. 2015)
    • Lennox Sebe, President of Ciskei bantustan (d. 1994)
  • July 27Doris Satterfield, American professional baseball player (d. 1993)
  • July 28Walt Brown, American presidential candidate
  • July 30Sir Patrick Russell QC, PC, judge of the High Court of England and Wales (d. 2002)
  • July 31Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, mathematician and computer scientist (d. 2016)

August

File:Tony Bennett in 2003.jpg

Tony Bennett

File:Fidel Castro - MATS Terminal Washington 1959.jpg

Fidel Castro

File:Jiang Zemin St. Petersburg2002.jpg

Jiang Zemin

  • August 1Hannah Hauxwell, English TV personality
  • August 2
    • Sy Mah, Canadian marathoner (d. 1988)
    • W. Carter Merbreier, American television host (Captain Noah) (d. 2016)
  • August 3
    • Tony Bennett, American singer ("I Left My Heart in San Francisco")
    • Anthony Sampson, British journalist and biographer (d. 2004)
  • August 6
    • Elisabeth Beresford, British author (The Wombles) (d. 2010)
    • Norman Wexler, Academy Award nominated Screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • August 7Stan Freberg, American author, recording artist and comedian (d. 2015)
  • August 8Jimmy Brown, American trumpeter, saxophonist and singer (d. 2006)
  • August 11
    • Claus von Bülow, Danish-born British socialite
    • Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 12
    • John Derek, American actor and director (d. 1998)
    • Hiroshi Koizumi, Japanese actor (d. 2015)
    • Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
    • Hortense Clews, member of the Belgian Resistance during World War II (d. 2006)
  • August 13Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician (d. 2016)
  • August 14René Goscinny, French comic book writer (d. 1977)
  • August 15Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, former President of Greece (d. 2016)
  • August 16Christopher Polge, English biologist, most noted for his work in cryopreservation (d. 2006)
  • August 17Jiang Zemin, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and President of the People's Republic of China
  • August 19
    • Angus Scrimm, American actor (d. 2016)
    • Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist
  • August 22Lois Hall, American actress (d. 2006)
  • August 23Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (d. 2006)
  • August 26Robert Vickrey, American artist and author (d. 2011)
  • August 27Pat Coombs, British actress (d. 2002)
  • August 29
    • Rafael Ithier, Puerto Rican musician
    • Betty Lynn, American actress

September

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James Lipton

  • September 2Ibrahim Nasir Rannabanderyi Kilegefan, Maldivian president (d. 2008)
  • September 3
    • Uttam Kumar, Bengali actor (d. 1980)
    • Irene Papas, Greek actress and singer
  • September 6
    • Claus van Amsberg, German born Prince Consort of the Netherlands (d. 2002)
    • Maurice Cowling, British historian (d. 2005)
    • Maurice Prather, American photographer (d. 2001)
  • September 7
    • Ronnie Gilbert, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2015)
    • Don Messick, American voice actor (d. 1997)
  • September 8Sergio Pininfarina, Italian automobile designer (d. 2012)
  • September 14Dick Dale, American singer and musician (d. 2014)
  • September 15Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
  • September 16
    • John Knowles, American author (d. 2001)
    • Robert H. Schuller, American televangelist, motivational speaker and author (d. 2015)
  • September 19
    • Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • James Lipton, American television personality and writer
    • Duke Snider, American baseball player (d. 2011)
  • September 21
    • Donald A. Glaser, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
    • Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • September 23John Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • September 24Aubrey Burl, British archaeologist
  • September 26Julie London, American actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • September 28Jerry Clower, American country comedian (d. 1998)
  • September 30
    • Robin Roberts, American baseball player (d. 2010)
    • Dave Hunt, American apologist, speaker, radio commentator and author (d. 2013)

October

File:Chuck Berry 1971.JPG

Chuck Berry

  • October 1Max Morath, American musician
  • October 2Jan Morris, travel writer
  • October 4Senaida Wirth, American female professional baseball player (d. 1967)
  • October 7Czesław Ryll-Nardzewski, Polish mathematician (d. 2015)
  • October 9Ruth Ellis, British murderer (d. 1955)
  • October 13
    • Jesse L. Brown, first African-American aviator in the United States Navy (d. 1950)
    • Kazuo Nakamura, Japanese-Canadian painter, part of the Painters Eleven (d. 2002)
  • October 15
    • Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
    • Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
    • Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • October 17
    • Julie Adams, American actress
    • Beverly Garland, American actress and businesswoman (d. 2008)
  • October 18
    • Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
    • Klaus Kinski, German actor (d. 1991)
    • Pauline Pirok, American female professional baseball player
  • October 21Bob Rosburg, American golfer (d. 2009)
  • October 22Gloria Carter Spann, sister of former President Jimmy Carter (d. 1990)
  • October 25Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano (d. 2012)
  • October 28Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
  • October 29
    • Necmettin Erbakan, 25th Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 2011)
    • Jon Vickers, Canadian operatic tenor (d. 2015)
  • October 30
    • Lois Wyse, American advertising executive, author and columnist (d. 2007)
    • Earle Hyman, American actor (The Cosby Show)
  • October 31Jimmy Savile, English DJ and television presenter (d. 2011)

November

December

Deaths

January–March

File:Camillo Golgi.jpg

Camillo Golgi

File:Takaaki Kato suit.jpg

Takaaki Kato

File:Kamerlingh Onnes signed.jpg

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

  • January 4Margherita of Savoy, queen consort of Italy (b. 1851)
  • January 15Louis Majorelle, French furniture designer (b. 1859)
  • January 21Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1843)
  • January 28
    • Katō Takaaki, 24th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1860)
    • Ernest Troubridge, British admiral (b. 1862)
  • January 30Barbara La Marr, American film actress (b. 1896)
  • February 6Carrie Clark Ward, stage and film character actress (b. 1862)
  • February 8William Bateson, English geneticist (b. 1861)
  • February 21Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • February 24
    • John Jacob Bausch, German-American optician who co-founded Bausch & Lomb (b. 1830)
    • Eddie Plank, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1875)
  • March 11Usui Mikao, Japanese founder of Reiki (b. 1865)
  • March 12E. W. Scripps, American newspaper publisher (b. 1854)
  • March 16Sergeant Stubby, World War I American hero war dog.
  • March 17Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general (b. 1853)
  • March 24Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg (b. 1860)
  • March 26Constantin Fehrenbach, former Chancellor of Germany (b. 1852)

April–June

File:Antoni Gaudi 1878.jpg

Antoni Gaudi

  • April 1Jacob Pavlovich Adler, Russian actor (b. 1855)
  • April 9Henry Miller, English-born American stage actor and producer (b. 1859)
  • April 10Ōshima Yoshimasa, Japanese general (b. 1850)
  • April 20Billy Quirk, American actor (b. 1873)
  • April 24Sunjong, last Emperor of Korea (b. 1874)
  • April 25Ellen Key, Swedish feminist writer (b. 1849)
  • April 28Kawamura Kageaki, Japanese field marshal (b. 1850)
  • April 30Bessie Coleman, African-American pilot (b. 1892)
  • May 9J. M. Dent, British publisher (b. 1849)
  • May 16Mehmed VI, last Ottoman Sultan (b. 1861)
  • May 26Symon Petliura, Ukrainian independence fighter (b. 1879)
  • June 8Emily Hobhouse, British welfare campaigner (b. 1860)
  • June 9Sanford B. Dole, President of Hawaii and 1st Territorial Governor of Hawaii (b. 1844)
  • June 10Antoni Gaudí, Catalan architect (b. 1852)
  • June 14Mary Cassatt, American artist (b. 1844)

July–September

File:Rudolph Valentino.jpg

Rudolph Valentino

  • July 2Émile Coué, French psychologist (b. 1857)
  • July 12
    • Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator; known as the "Uncrowned Queen of Iraq" (b. 1868)
    • John W. Weeks, American politician in the Republican Party (b. 1860)
  • July 22
    • Willard Louis, American actor (b. 1882)
    • Friedrich von Wieser, Austrian economist (b. 1851)
  • July 26Robert Todd Lincoln, American statesman and businessman, son of 16th President Abraham Lincoln (b. 1843)
  • August 1Israel Zangwill, British novelist and playwright (b. 1864)
  • August 14John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • August 21Ugyen Wangchuck, King of Bhutan (b. 1861)
  • August 22Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University (b. 1834)
  • August 23Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
  • August 27John Rodgers, American naval officer and naval aviation pioneer (b. 1881)
  • August 30Eddie Lyons, American actor (b. 1886)
  • September 15Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
  • September 21Léon Charles Thévenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • September 25Herbert Booth, third son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)

October–December

File:HarryHoudini1899.jpg

Harry Houdini

File:Claude Monet 1899 Nadar crop.jpg

Claude Monet

  • October 7Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (b. 1856)
  • October 9Josias von Heeringen, German general (b. 1850)
  • October 11Hymie Weiss, American gangster (b. 1898)
  • October 16Princess Frederica of Hanover (b. 1848)
  • October 19Victor Babeș, Romanian bacteriologist (b. 1854)
  • October 20Eugene V. Debs, American labor and political leader (b. 1855)
  • October 31
    • Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born escapologist (b. 1874)
    • Charles Vance Millar, Canadian businessman (b. 1853)
  • November 3Annie Oakley, American sharpshooter and entertainer (b. 1860)
  • November 7Tom Forman, American actor and director (b. 1893)
  • December 2Gérard Cooreman, former Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1852)
  • December 4Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (b. 1861)
  • December 5Claude Monet, French painter (b. 1840)
  • December 10Nikola Pašić, Serbian and Yugoslav statesman, 4-Time Prime Minister of Serbia and 3-Time Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1855)
  • December 16William Larned, American tennis champion (b. 1872)
  • December 17Lars Magnus Ericsson, Swedish inventor and founder of Ericsson (b. 1846)
  • December 22Mina Arndt, New Zealander painter (b. 1885)
  • December 24Johan Castberg, Norwegian Radical politician (b. 1862)
  • December 25Emperor Taishō, 123rd Emperor of Japan, leaders of World War I (b. 1879)
  • December 28Robert Felkin, British writer (b. 1853)
  • December 29Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (b. 1875)

Nobel Prizes

References

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