Culture Wikia

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1923 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1923
Ab urbe condita2676
Armenian calendar1372
Assyrian calendar6673
Bahá'í calendar79–80
Balinese saka calendar1844–1845
Bengali calendar1330
Berber calendar2873
British Regnal year13 Geo. 5 – 14 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2467
Burmese calendar1285
Byzantine calendar7431–7432
Chinese calendar壬戌(Water Dog)
4619 or 4559
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4620 or 4560
Coptic calendar1639–1640
Discordian calendar3089
Ethiopian calendar1915–1916
Hebrew calendar5683–5684
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1979–1980
 - Shaka Samvat1844–1845
 - Kali Yuga5023–5024
Holocene calendar11923
Igbo calendar923–924
Iranian calendar1301–1302
Islamic calendar1341–1342
Japanese calendarTaishō 12
Javanese calendar1853–1854
Juche calendar12
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4256
Minguo calendarROC 12
Nanakshahi calendar455
Thai solar calendar2465–2466
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
2049 or 1668 or 896
    — to —
(female Water-Pig)
2050 or 1669 or 897

1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1923rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 923rd year of the , the 23rd year of the , and the 4th year of the decade. As of the start of 1923, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was relegated that February to use only by churches after Greece adopted the Gregorian calendar.

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Main article: January 1923
  • January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921.
  • January 17Rosewood massacre, a violent, racially motivated conflict in Florida. At least eight people are killed, and the town of Rosewood is abandoned and destroyed.
  • January 9Lithuania begins the Klaipėda Revolt to annex the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory).
  • January 11 – Despite strong British protests, troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make reparation payments.
  • January 17Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
  • January 18Elon College's campus in North Carolina is destroyed by a fire.


Main article: February 1923
  • Norman Albert calls the first live broadcast of an ice hockey game, the third period of an Ontario Hockey League Intermediate playoff game on the Toronto station CFCA.[1][2]
  • February 9Billy Hughes resigns as Prime Minister of Australia, after the Country Party refuses to govern in coalition with him as the leader of the Nationalist Party. Hughes is succeeded by his Treasurer, Stanley Bruce.
  • February 23Albert Einstein visits Barcelona, Spain, at the invitation of scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa.


Main article: March 1923
  • March 1
    • The USS Connecticut is decommissioned.
    • Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar.
  • March 3 – This is the cover date of the first issue of Time magazine. Retired U.S. Speaker of the House Joseph G. Cannon appears on the first cover.
  • March 6 – The Egyptian Feminist Union (Arabic: الاتحاد النسائي المصري), the first nationwide feminist movement in Egypt, was founded at the home of activist Huda Sha'arawi.[3][4][5]
  • March 9Vladimir Lenin suffers his third stroke, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires from his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.
  • March 14Pete Parker calls the play-by-play of the first ice hockey game ever broadcast on the radio in its entirety, between the Regina Capitals and the Edmonton Eskimos of the Western Canada Hockey League.[6]
  • March 28Regia Aeronautica, the air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.


Main article: April 1923
  • April 4Warner Bros. film studio is formally incorporated in the United States as Warner Brothers Pictures, Inc.
  • April 6
    • Louis Armstrong makes his first recording, "Chimes Blues", with King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band.
    • The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Federated Malay States.
  • April 12Kandersteg International Scout Centre comes into existence in Switzerland.
  • April 18
  • April 19
    • Hjalmar Branting leaves office as Prime Minister of Sweden, after the Swedish Riksdag has rejected a government proposal regarding unemployment benefits.
    • Right-wing academic and jurist Ernst Trygger becomes Prime Minister of Sweden.
    • Egyptian Constitution of 1923 adopted, introducing a parliamentary system of democracy in the country.[7]
  • April 23 – The Gdynia seaport is inaugurated on the Polish Corridor.
  • April 26 – Prince Albert, Duke of York (later George VI, King of the United Kingdom) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) in Westminster Abbey.
  • April 28 – The original Wembley Stadium opened its doors for the first time to the British public staging the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham Utd.


Main article: May 1923
  • May 1Rahula College is established in Ceylon with the name of "Parakramabhahu Vidyalaya".
  • May 8Liseberg, an amusement park in Gothenburg, Sweden, opens.
  • May 9
    • Southeastern Michigan receives a record 15 centimetres (5.9 in) of snow after temperatures plummeted from 17 to 1 degrees between 1 and 6 pm on the previous day.[8]
    • The premiere of Bertolt Brecht's play In the Jungle (Im Dickicht) at the Residenztheater in Munich is interrupted by Nazi demonstrators.
  • May 23 – Belgium's Sabena Airlines is created.
  • May 24 – The Irish Civil War ends.
  • May 26 – The first 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race is held, and is won by André Lagache and René Léonard.
  • May 27 – The Ku Klux Klan in the United States defies a law requiring publication of its members.


Main article: June 1923
  • June 9 – A military coup in Bulgaria ousts prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski (he is killed June 14).
  • June 12William Walton's Façade is performed for the first time.
  • June 13 – President Li Yuanhong of China abandons his residence because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies, in order to force him to abandon his post.
  • June 16 – The storming of Ayan in Siberia concludes the Yakut Revolt and the Russian Civil War.
  • June 18Mount Etna erupts in Italy, making 60,000 homeless.
  • June 25FC Rapid București is formed on the initiative of the Grivița railroad workers (first named CFR București).


Main article: July 1923
  • July 10 – Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostov, Soviet Union.
  • July 13 – The Hollywood Sign is inaugurated in California (originally reading Hollywoodland).
  • July 13 – American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first dinosaur eggs near Flaming Cliffs, Mongolia.
  • July 20Pancho Villa is assassinated at Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua.
  • July 24 – The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of the modern Republic of Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire after 624 years.
  • Undated – Hyperinflation in Germany has seen the number of marks needed to purchase a single American dollar reach 353,000 - more than 200 times the amount needed at the start of the year.


Main article: August 1923
  • August 2 – President Warren G. Harding, dies of a heart attack and is succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge as President of the United States.
  • August 3 – President Calvin Coolidge is sworn in.
  • August 13
    • The first major seagoing ship arrives at Gdynia, the newly constructed Polish seaport.
    • Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany and founds a coalition government for the Weimar Republic, where hyperinflation means that more than 4,600,000 marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar.
  • August 21Necaxa football club is founded by engineer William H. Frasser.
  • August 30 – Hurricane season begins, with a tropical storm northeast of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • August 31 – The Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation for the murder of an Italian officer. The League of Nations protests and the occupation ends on September 30.


Main article: September 1923
  • September 1 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people, but according to a Japanese construction research center report in 2005, 105,000 are confirmed dead.
  • September 4 – The United States Navy's first home-built rigid airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) makes her first flight at Naval Air Station Lakehurst (New Jersey); she contains most of the world's extracted reserves of helium at this time.[9]
  • September 7 – At the International Police Conference in Vienna, the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC), better known as Interpol, is set up.
  • September 8Honda Point disaster: Nine United States Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast.
  • September 9 – Turkish head of state Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founds the Republican People's Party (CHP).
  • September 10 – The Irish Free State joins the League of Nations.
  • September 13 – Military coup in Spain: Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship. Trade unions are prohibited for 10 years.
  • September 171923 Berkeley Fire: A major fire in Berkeley, California, erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.
  • September 1826 – Newspaper printers strike in New York City.
  • September 24 – Second storm of the Atlantic hurricane season, a major hurricane north of Hispaniola.
  • September 26 – In Bavaria, Gustav Ritter von Kahr takes dictatorial powers.
  • September 29 – The British Mandate for Palestine (1922) comes into effect, officially creating the protectorates of Palestine as a homeland for the Jewish people under British administration and Transjordan as a separate emirate under Abdullah I.[10]
  • September 29 – The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon takes effect.
  • September 30Küstrin Putsch: Outside Berlin, Major Ernst von Buchrucker, the leader of the Black Reichswehr attempts a putsch by seizing several forts.


Main article: October 1923

Oct.29: Kemal Atatürk.

  • October 2 – After two days of siege, Major Buchrucker and his men surrender.
  • October 6 – The great powers of World War I withdraw from Constantinople.
  • October 13
    • Ankara replaces Constantinople as the capital of Turkey.
    • The first recorded example of a storm crossing from the Eastern Pacific into the Atlantic, occurred in Oaxaca.
  • October 14 – Fourth tropical storm of the year, formed just north of Panama.
  • October 15 – Fifth tropical storm of the year, formed north of the Leeward Islands.
  • October 16
    • A sixth tropical storm develops in the Gulf of Mexico; a rare occurrence, it consists of four active tropical storms simultaneously.
    • Roy and Walt Disney found The Walt Disney Company.
  • October 23Hamburg Uprising: In Germany, the Communists attempt a "putsch" in Hamburg, which results in street battles in that city for the next two days, when it ends unsuccessfully.
  • October 27 – In Germany, General Hans von Seeckt orders the Reichswehr to dissolve the Social Democratic-Communist government of Saxony, which is refusing to accept the authority of the Reich government.
  • October 28 – In Persia, Reza Khan becomes Ahmad Shah Qajar's prime minister.
  • October 29Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Kemal Atatürk is elected as first president.
  • October 30İsmet İnönü is appointed as the first prime minister of Turkey.


Main article: November 1923
  • November 1 – The Finnish flag carrier airline Finnair is started as Aero oy.
  • November 8Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Bavarian government; police and troops crush the attempt the next day.
  • November 11Adolf Hitler is arrested for his leading role in the Beer Hall Putsch, two days after the Putsch was crushed by the government. 20 people died as a result of the associated violence.
  • November 12 – Her Highness Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
  • November 15Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic: Hyperinflation in Germany reaches its height. One United States dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Papiermark[11] (4.2 trillion on the short scale). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency and replaces it with the Rentenmark at an exchange rate of one Rentenmark to 1,000,000,000,000 (one trillion on the short scale) Papiermark with effect from November 20.
  • November 23Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses in Germany.


Main article: December 1923
  • December 1 – In Italy, the Gleno Dam on the Gleno River in the Valle di Scalve in the northern Province of Bergamo bursts, killing at least 356 people.
  • December 10 – Sigma Alpha Kappa (the first social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States) is founded as a fraternal organization until the ban on social fraternities is lifted.
  • December 20 – BEGGARS Fraternity (the second social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States) is founded by nine men who have secured permission to do so from the Pope.
  • December 21 – The Nepal–Britain Treaty is the first to define the international status of Nepal as an independent sovereign country.
  • December 27 – The crown prince of Japan survives an assassination attempt in Tokyo.
  • December 29Vladimir K. Zworykin files his first patent (in the United States) for "television systems".

Date unknown[]

  • Struggling for a foothold in southern China, Sun Yat-sen decides to ally his Nationalist Kuomintang party with Comintern and the Communist Party of China.
  • Johor–Singapore Causeway completed.
  • Police strike in Australia.
  • The American Law Institute is established.
  • The Moderation League of New York becomes part of the movement for the repeal of Prohibition in the United States.
  • Marcel Duchamp's artwork The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (La mariée mise à nu par ses célibataires, même or The Large Glass) is completed in the United States.
  • Rainbow trout introduced into the upper Firehole River in Yellowstone National Park, United States.



  • January 1
    • Valentina Cortese, Italian actress
    • Vulo Radev, Bulgarian film director (d. 2001)
    • Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy (d. 1944)
  • January 3Hank Stram, American football coach and broadcaster (d. 2005)
  • January 5Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
  • January 6Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • January 7Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • January 8
    • Larry Storch, American actor
    • Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
  • January 11Ernst Nolte, German historian (d. 2016)
  • January 12Ira Hayes, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (d. 1955)
  • January 15Lee Teng-hui, president of Taiwan and the "father of Taiwan's democracy"
  • January 16
    • Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
    • Walther Wever, German fighter ace (d. 1945)
  • January 19Jean Stapleton, American actress (d. 2013)
  • January 20
    • Slim Whitman, American country and western musician (d. 2013)
    • Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian singer (d. 2015)
  • January 22Diana Douglas, British-born American actress; mother of actor/producer Michael Douglas (d. 2015)
  • January 23
    • Cot Deal, American major league baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
    • Stephanie Kwolek, inventor of "Kevlar fibers" (d. 2014)
  • January 25Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • January 26Anne Jeffreys, American actress and singer
  • January 29Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
  • January 31Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (d. 2007)


  • February 2
    • James Dickey, American poet and author (Deliverance) (d. 1997)
    • Red Schoendienst, American baseball player
    • Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
    • Clem Windsor, Australian rugby union player and surgeon (d. 2007)
  • February 3Edith Barney, American female professional baseball player (d. 2010)
  • February 4
    • Conrad Bain, Canadian-born actor (d. 2013)
    • Belisario Betancur, Colombian politician and the 26th President of Colombia
  • February 7George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood and first grandchild of King George V (d. 2011)
  • February 9Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
  • February 10
    • Allie Sherman, American professional football coach (d. 2015)
    • Cesare Siepi, Italian opera singer (d. 2010)
  • February 12Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
  • February 13
    • Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
    • Chuck Yeager, American test pilot and NASA official
  • February 16Samuel Willenberg, Polish-born Israeli sculptor and painter, last surviving member of the Treblinka extermination camp revolt (d. 2016)
  • February 17Jun Fukuda, Japanese film director (d. 2000)
  • February 20Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
  • February 21Wilbur R. Ingalls, Jr., American architect (d. 1997)
  • February 22Norman Smith, English singer and record producer (d. 2008)
  • February 23
    • Mary Francis Shura, American writer (d. 1991)
    • Ioannis Grivas, Greek judge and politician, 176th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2016)
    • John van Hengel, American "Father of Food Banking" (d. 2005)
  • February 24David Soyer, American cellist (d. 2010)
  • February 27Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player and actor (d. 1990)
  • February 28
    • Jean Carson, American actress (d. 2005)
    • Charles Durning, American actor (d. 2012)


  • March 2
    • Orrin Keepnews, American record producer (d. 2015)
    • Robert H. Michel, American Republican Party politician
  • March 3Doc Watson, American folk guitarist and songwriter (d. 2012)
  • March 4
    • Sir Patrick Moore, British astronomer and broadcaster (d. 2012)
    • Piero D'Inzeo, Italian Olympic show jumping rider (d. 2014)
  • March 6
  • March 7Mahlon Clark, American musician (d. 2007)
  • March 8Louk Hulsman, Dutch criminologist (d. 2009)
  • March 9
    • James L. Buckley, American politician and United States Senator 1971-77
    • Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2016)
  • March 10Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • March 11Paul Muller, Swiss actor
  • March 12
    • Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed-skater (d. 2013)
    • Wally Schirra, American astronaut (d. 2007)
    • Mae Young, American wrestler (d. 2014)
  • March 14Diane Arbus, American photographer (d. 1971)
  • March 21
    • Merle Keagle, American female professional baseball player (d. 1960)
    • Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga (d. 2011)
  • March 22Marcel Marceau, world-renowned French mime (d. 2007)
  • March 24
    • Murray Hamilton, American actor (d. 1986)
    • Michael Legat, English writer (d. 2011)
  • March 25Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
  • March 26Bob Elliott, American comedian (d. 2016)
  • March 27Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet (d. 2012)
  • March 28Thad Jones, American jazz musician (d. 1986)
  • March 29Geoff Duke, British motorcycle racer (d. 2015)
  • March 30Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)
  • March 31Shoshana Damari, Yemenite-Israeli singer (d. 2006)


File:Aaron Spelling TWA ad photo.JPG

Aaron Spelling

  • April 2
    • Alice Haylett, American professional baseball player (d. 2004)
    • G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician (d. 2016)
    • Gloria Henry, American actress
    • Johnny Paton, Scottish football player, coach and manager (d. 2015)
  • April 4
    • Peter Vaughan, English actor
    • Gene Reynolds, American actor
  • April 6Ramón Valdés, Mexican comedian (d. 1988)
  • April 8
    • George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
    • Edward Mulhare, Irish-born American actor (d. 1997)
  • April 13Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • April 14Roberto De Vicenzo, Argentine professional golfer and winner of the 1967 Open Championship
  • April 20
    • Mother Angelica, American nun; founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN) (d. 2016)
    • Irene Lieblich, Polish-born painter (d. 2008)
  • April 22
    • Geoffrey Hattersley-Smith, English/Canadian geologist and glaciologist (d. 2012)
    • Bettie Page, American model (d. 2008)
    • Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer (d. 2006)
  • April 23Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas (d. 2010)
  • April 25Albert King, American musician (d. 1992)
  • April 30
    • Al Lewis, American actor (The Munsters) (d. 2006)
    • Francis Tucker, South African Rally Driver (d. 2008)


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Anne Baxter

File:Heydar Aliyev 1997.jpg

Heydar Aliyev

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Horst Tappert

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Henry Kissinger

  • May 1Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22) (d. 1999)
  • May 2Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland (d. 2008)
  • May 3Ralph Hall, American politician
  • May 4
    • Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer, musician, conductor, poet and author (d. 1986)
    • Eric Sykes, English actor (d. 2012)
  • May 5Richard Wollheim, English philosopher (d. 2003)
  • May 7Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • May 10Heydar Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan (1993–2003) (d. 2003)
  • May 11Louise Arnold, American female professional baseball player (d. 2010)
  • May 14Mrinal Sen, Indian filmmaker
  • May 15
    • Doris Dowling, American actress (d. 2004)
    • John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 16Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • May 18Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
  • May 21
    • Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
    • Dorothy Hewett, Australian writer (d. 2002)
    • Evelyn Ward, American actress (d. 2012)
    • Ara Parseghian, American football coach
  • May 23Kalidas Shrestha, Nepalese artist (d. 2016)
  • May 24Seijun Suzuki, Japanese filmmaker, actor, and screenwriter
  • May 26
    • James Arness, American actor (d. 2011)
    • Roy Dotrice, English actor
    • Horst Tappert, German television actor (d. 2008)
  • May 27Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 28
    • György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (d. 2006)
    • Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian (Telugu) film actor (d. 1996)
    • T. M. Thiagarajan, Carnatic musicologist from Tamil Nadu in Southern India (d. 2007)
  • May 31
    • Robert O. Becker, American orthopedic surgeon (d. 2008)
    • Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
    • Ellsworth Kelly, American artist (d. 2015)


  • June 4Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (d. 2007)
  • June 9Gerald Götting, German politician (d. 2015)
  • June 10Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (d. 1991)
  • June 15Johnny Most, American basketball radio announcer (d. 1993)
  • June 17Enrique Angelelli, Argentine bishop (d. 1976)
  • June 20Bjørn Watt-Boolsen, Danish actor (d. 1998)
  • June 21Johann Eyfells, Master of Fine Arts
  • June 22Felo Ramírez, Cuban-American Spanish language radio voice of the Miami Marlins
  • June 23
    • Doris Johnson, American politician
    • Giuseppina Tuissi, Italian Resistance fighter (d. 1945)
  • June 24
    • Yves Bonnefoy, French poet and art historian (d. 2016)
    • Cesare Romiti, Italian economist
  • June 25
    • Doug Everingham, Australian politician and minister
    • Stan Clements, English footballer who played
    • Vatroslav Mimica, Croatian film director and screenwriter.
    • Sam Francis, American painter (d. 1994)
  • June 26Ed Bearss, American veteran of World War II
  • June 27
    • Mitchell Flint, American lawyer and a veteran aviator
    • Gus Zernial, American baseball player and sports commentator (d. 2011)
  • June 28Daniil Khrabrovitsky, Soviet film director (d. 1980)
  • June 29Alfred Goodwin, senior judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
  • June 30Andy Jack, English footballer


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Wojciech Jaruzelski

File:Harrison Dillard.png

Harrison Dillard

  • July 1Scotty Bowers, American author
  • July 2Wisława Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
  • July 4
    • Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2013)
    • George Mostow, American mathematician, renowned for his contributions to Lie theory
  • July 5
    • Mitsuye Yamada, Japanese American activist, feminist, essayist, poet, story writer, editor, and former professor of English.
    • Hermann Gummel, German pioneer in the semiconductor industry
  • July 6Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish Communist politician, 8th Prime Minister of Poland and President of Poland (d. 2014)
  • July 7Chandrashekhar, Indian film actor
  • July 8
    • Harrison Dillard, American athlete
    • Ivor Germain, Barbadian professional light/welterweight boxer
  • July 10John Bradley, U.S. Navy flag raiser on Iwo Jima (d. 1994)
  • July 11
    • Roy Neighbors, American politician
    • Richard Pipes, Polish-American academic who specializes in Russian history
  • July 12James E. Gunn, American science fiction writer, editor, scholar, and anthologist
  • July 13
    • Alexandre Astruc, French film critic and director (d. 2016)
    • Norma Zimmer, American singer (d. 2011)
  • July 15Francisco de Andrade, Portuguese competitive sailor and Olympic medalist
  • July 16
    • Mari Evans, African-American poet
    • Len Okrie, American catcher
    • Giuseppe Madini, Italian professional football player
  • July 18Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • July 20
    • Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
    • Elisabeth Becker, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • July 21
    • Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Walter Brenner, American professor
  • July 22
    • Bob Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
    • The Fabulous Moolah, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
    • Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • July 23Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)
  • July 25Estelle Getty, American actress (d. 2008)
  • July 28H. S. S. Lawrence, Indian educator (d. 2009)
  • July 29Jim Marshall, founder of Marshall Amplification (d. 2012)
  • July 31Stephanie Kwolek, American chemist noted for inventing Kevlar (d. 2014)


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Shimon Peres

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Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria

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Rhonda Fleming

  • August 2Shimon Peres, 8th Prime Minister of Israel, 9th President of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2016)
  • August 3
    • Jean Hagen, American actress (d. 1977)
    • Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (d. 2012)
  • August 5
    • Sir Michael Kerry, QC, British civil servant, Procurator General and Treasury Solicitor (d. 2012)
    • Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • August 6Moira Lister, Anglo-South African film, stage and television actress (d. 2007)
  • August 10
    • Rhonda Fleming, American actress
    • Fred Ridgway, English cricketer (d. 2015)
  • August 15Rose Marie, American actress
  • August 16Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright (d. 2012)
  • August 19Esmeralda Agoglia, Argentinian ballerina (d. 2014)
  • August 20Jim Reeves, American country singer (d. 1964)
  • August 21Larry Grayson, English comedian and game show host (d. 1995)
  • August 23Henry F. Warner, American soldier, Medal of Honor (d. 1944)
  • August 24Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist (d. 2012)
  • August 26Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist (d. 2013)
  • August 27Hun Neang, father of Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen (d. 2013)
  • August 29
    • Sir Richard Attenborough, English actor and film director (d. 2014)
    • Marmaduke Hussey, Baron Hussey of North Bradley, chairman of the BBC (d. 2006)
  • August 30Giacomo Rondinella, Italian singer and actor (d. 2015)


File:Ramon Valdes.jpg

Ramón Valdés

File:Lee Kuan Yew.jpg

Lee Kuan Yew


Anne of Romania


File:Charlton Heston - 1953.jpg

Charlton Heston

File:Glynis Johns photograph.jpg

Glynis Johns

File:Roy Lichtenstein.jpg

Roy Lichtenstein

  • October 2Eugenio Cruz Vargas, Chilean poet and painter (d. 2014)
  • October 3Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • October 4Charlton Heston, American actor, beter known for his role in The Ten Commandments (d. 2008)
  • October 5
    • Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
    • Glynis Johns, British actress
    • Ricardo Lavié, Argentine actor (d. 2010)
  • October 6Yasar Kemal, Turkish writer (d. 2015)
  • October 7Irma Grese, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1945)
  • October 10
    • James "Jabby" Jabara, American aviator, the first American jet fighter ace (d. 1966)
    • Murray Walker, British motor racing commentator
  • October 13Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player (d. 2006)
  • October 15Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • October 17Charles McClendon, Hall of Fame college football coach (d. 2001)
  • October 20Otfried Preußler, German children's books author (d. 2013)
  • October 23Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
  • October 24
    • Sir Robin Day, British political broadcaster (d. 2000)
    • Denise Levertov, British-born American poet (d. 1997)
  • October 25J. Esmonde Barry, Canadian healthcare activist and political commentator (d. 2007)
  • October 27Roy Lichtenstein, American pop artist (d. 1997)
  • October 29
    • Carl Djerassi, American chemist (d. 2015)
    • Gerda van der Kade-Koudijs, Dutch athlete (d. 2015)


File:Loriot 1971 (1).jpg

Vicco von Bülow

File:Alan B. Shepard 1970.jpg

Alan Shepard

File:Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG

Nadine Gordimer

  • November 1
    • Victoria de los Ángeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
    • Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • November 2Cesare Rubini, Italian basketball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • November 3Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Irish Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1990)
  • November 5
    • Rudolf Augstein, German journalist, founder and part-owner of German magazine Der Spiegel (d. 2002)
    • Kay Lionikas, Greek-American female professional baseball player (d. 1978)
  • November 8Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
  • November 12Vicco von Bülow, German actor (d. 2011)
  • November 13Linda Christian, Mexican film actress (d. 2011)
  • November 14Misael Pastrana Borrero, 23rd President of Colombia (d. 1997)
  • November 17Aristides Maria Pereira, President of Cape Verde (d. 2011)
  • November 18Alan Shepard, first American astronaut, fifth person to walk on the moon (d. 1998)
  • November 20Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • November 22Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director (d. 2016)
  • November 23
    • Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
    • Julien J. LeBourgeois, American vice admiral (d. 2012)
    • Gloria Whelan, American poet, short story writer, and novelist
  • November 25Mauno Koivisto, 2-Time Prime Minister of Finland and 9th President of Finland
  • November 26Pat Phoenix, English actress (d. 1986)


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Maria Callas

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Ted Knight

File:Bob Barker at WWE crop.jpg

Bob Barker

  • December 1Stansfield Turner, American admiral and Director of Central Intelligence
  • December 2Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
  • December 3
    • Dede Allen, American film editor ("Bonnie and Clyde") (d. 2010)
    • Moyra Fraser, British actress (d. 2009)
    • Abe Pollin, American sports owner (d. 2009)
  • December 5Eleanor Dapkus, American female professional baseball player (d. 2011)
  • December 7Ted Knight, American actor (d. 1986)
  • December 5Philip Slier, Dutch Jewish typesetter (d. 1943)
  • December 11Betsy Blair, American film actress (d. 2009)
  • December 12Bob Barker, American game show host (The Price Is Right)
  • December 13
    • Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
    • Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter (d. 2012)
  • December 14
    • Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (d. 2006)
    • Sully Boyar, American actor (d. 2001)
  • December 15Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
  • December 17Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (d. 2006)
  • December 19Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
  • December 23
    • TL Osborn, American televangelist, singer and author (d. 2013)
    • James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral and vice presidential candidate (d. 2005)
  • December 24George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • December 25
    • Sonya Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
    • Satyananda Saraswati, Founder of Satyananda Yoga and Bihar Yoga (d. 2009)
    • René Girard, French-American historian (d. 2015)
  • December 27Lucas Mangope, President of Bophuthatswana Bantustan
  • December 29Dina Merrill, American actress, heiress, socialite, and philanthropist




Wilhelm Röntgen

  • January 1Willie Keeler, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1872)
  • January 3Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (b. 1883)
  • January 9
    • Katherine Mansfield, English novelist (b. 1888)
    • Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters, English couple hanged for murder (Thompson b. 1893)
  • January 11Constantine I of Greece, King of Greece (b. 1868)
  • January 12Herbert Silberer, Austrian psychoanalyst (b. 1882)
  • January 13Alexandre Ribot, French statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1842)
  • January 18Wallace Reid, American actor (b. 1891)
  • January 23Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • January 31Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish artist, political activist and assassin (executed) (b. 1869)
  • February 1Ernst Troeltsch, German theologian (b. 1865).
  • February 3 – Count Kuroki Tamemoto, Japanese general (b. 1844)
  • February 5Count Erich Kielmansegg, former Prime Minister of Austria (b. 1847)
  • February 10Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • February 23Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
  • February 24Edward W. Morley, American physicists and chemist (b. 1838)
  • March 8Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • March 26Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
  • March 27 – Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
  • March 28Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
  • April 4John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • April 5George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)
  • April 23Princess Louise of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Baden (b. 1838)
  • May 10Charles de Freycinet, four-time Prime Minister of France (b. 1828)
  • May 21Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (b. 1861)
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Sarah Bernhardt

  • May 29Albert Deullin, French flying ace of World War I (b. 1890)
  • June 9Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, third daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1846)
  • June 10Pierre Loti, French writer and naval officer (b. 1850)
  • June 14Isabelle Bogelot, French philanthropist (b. 1838)
  • June 18Hristo Smirnenski, Bulgarian poet (b. 1898)
  • June 24Edith Södergran, Finnish author (b. 1892)


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Warren G. Harding

File:Gustave Eiffel 1888 Nadar2.jpg

Gustave Eiffel

  • July 10Albert Chevalier, English music hall comedian (b. 1861)
  • July 20Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (assassinated) (b. 1878)
  • July 23Charles Dupuy, French statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1851)
  • August 2Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  • August 10Joaquín Sorolla, Spanish painter (b. 1863)
  • August 23Henry C. Mustin, American naval aviation pioneer (b. 1874)
  • August 24Katō Tomosaburō, 21st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1861)
  • September 9Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca, 8th President of Brazil (b. 1855)
  • September 17Stefanos Dragoumis, 92nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1842)
  • September 23
    • Carl L. Boeckmann, Norwegian-American artist (b. 1867)
    • John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, British politician and editor (b. 1838)
  • October 28
    • Theodor Reuss, German occultist (b. 1855)
    • Stojan Protić, Serbian statesman, former Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1857)
  • October 30Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  • November 9 (among those killed in Munich Beer Hall Putsch):
    • Oskar Körner, businessman (b. 1875)
    • Karl Laforce, student (b. 1904)
    • Ludwig Maximilian Erwin von Scheubner-Richter, diplomat and revolutionary (b. 1884)
  • November 14Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (b. 1845)
  • November 15Mohammad Yaqub Khan, former Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1849)
  • November 30Martha Mansfield, American actress (b. 1899)
  • December 2Tomás Bretón, Spanish composer (b. 1850)
  • December 8John William Brodie-Innes, British member of Golden Dawn (b. 1848)
  • December 12Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
  • December 13Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)
  • December 22Georg Luger, German firearms designer (b. 1849)
  • December 27
    • Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect (Eiffel Tower) (b. 1832)
    • Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Spanish Catalan architect (b. 1850)

Date unknown[]

  • Edmund William Berridge, British medical doctor (b. 1843)
  • Dorila Antommarchi, Colombian poet (b. 1850s)

Nobel Prizes[]


  1. Albert, Norman (February 9, 1923). "Conacher Scored Six for North Toronto". Toronto Star. p. 12.
  2. Kitchen, Paul (2008). Win, Lose or Wrangle: The Inside Story of the Old Ottawa Senators - 1883-1935. Manotick Ontario: Penumbra Press. p. 246.
  3. Mariz Tadros (March 18–24, 1999). "Unity in diversity". Al Ahram Weekly (421). Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  4. Earl L. Sullivan (January 1, 1986). Women in Egyptian Public Life. Syracuse University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-8156-2354-0. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  5. Nadje S. Al Ali. "Women's Movements in the Middle East: Case Studies of Egypt and Turkey" (Report). SOAS. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  6. "Hooper, Albert W. "Bert"". The History of Canadian Broadcasting. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  7. "Constitutional history at a glance". Al-Ahram Weekly On-line. March 3–9, 2005. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  8. "National Weather Service". Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  9. Named and commissioned October 10. Hayward, John T. (August 1978). "Comment and Discussion". United States Naval Institute Proceedings.
  10. Palestine Royal Commission Report, Presented by the Secretary of State for the Colonies to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. Cmd. 5479. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office. July 1937.
  11. Tonge, Stephen. "Weimar Germany 1919-1933". A Web of English History. Retrieved March 14, 2012.


Folk music


  1. The Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane Fiddlin' John Carson


  1. Safety Last!

The Classic Movies of 1923

  1. Safety Last!