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1915 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1915
MCMXV
Ab urbe condita2668
Armenian calendar1364
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԴ
Assyrian calendar6665
Bahá'í calendar71–72
Balinese saka calendar1836–1837
Bengali calendar1322
Berber calendar2865
British Regnal yearGeo. 5 – 6 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2459
Burmese calendar1277
Byzantine calendar7423–7424
Chinese calendar甲寅(Wood Tiger)
4611 or 4551
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4612 or 4552
Coptic calendar1631–1632
Discordian calendar3081
Ethiopian calendar1907–1908
Hebrew calendar5675–5676
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1971–1972
 - Shaka Samvat1836–1837
 - Kali Yuga5015–5016
Holocene calendar11915
Igbo calendar915–916
Iranian calendar1293–1294
Islamic calendar1333–1334
Japanese calendarTaishō 4
(大正4年)
Javanese calendar1845–1846
Juche calendar4
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4248
Minguo calendarROC 4
民國4年
Nanakshahi calendar447
Thai solar calendar2457–2458
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2041 or 1660 or 888
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
2042 or 1661 or 889

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the , the 15th year of the , and the 6th year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

File:HMS Formidable 1898.jpg

January 1: HMS Formidable, sunk by a German U-boat.

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

January

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  • January 1
    • WWI: The Royal Navy battleship HMS Formidable is sunk off Lyme Regis, Dorset, England, by an Imperial German Navy U-boat with the loss of 547 crew.
    • The Battle of Broken Hill, a train ambush near Broken Hill, New South Wales, in Australia, is carried out by two men (claiming to be in support of the Ottoman Empire) who are killed together with 4 civilians.
    • Harry Houdini performs a straitjacket escape performance.[1][2]
  • January 5Joseph E. Carberry sets an altitude record of 11,690 feet (3,560 m), carrying Capt. Benjamin Delahauf Foulois as a passenger in a fixed-wing aircraft.
  • January 12
    • The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote.
    • A Fool There Was premières in the United States starring Theda Bara as a femme fatale; she quickly becomes one of early cinema's most sensational stars.
  • January 13 – The 6.7 Mw Avezzano earthquake shakes the Province of L'Aquila in Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). Various agencies estimate the number of people killed to be 29,978–32,610.
  • January 18Twenty-One Demands from Japan to China are made.
  • January 19
    • Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
    • WWI: German Zeppelins bomb the coastal towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in England for the first time, killing more than 20.
  • January 21Kiwanis is founded in Detroit, as The Supreme Lodge Benevolent Order Brothers.
  • January 24 – WW I: Battle of Dogger Bank: British Grand Fleet defeats the German High Seas Fleet, sinking the armoured cruiser Template:SMS.[3]
  • January 25
    • First United States coast-to-coast long-distance telephone call, facilitated by a newly invented vacuum tube amplifier, ceremonially inaugurated by Alexander Graham Bell in New York City and his former assistant Thomas A. Watson, in San Francisco, California.
    • Emory College is rechartered as Emory University, and plans to move its main campus from Oxford, Georgia to Atlanta.
  • January 26 – The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the United States Congress.
  • January 26 – WWI: Ottoman Army begins the Raid on the Suez Canal.
  • January 27 – WWI: Military casualties begin arriving at the Hôpital Temporaire d'Arc-en-Barrois, established earlier in the month.
  • January 28 – An act of the United States Congress designates the United States Coast Guard, began in 1790, as a military branch.
  • January 31 – WWI: Germany's first large-scale use of poison gas as a weapon occurs when 18,000 artillery shells containing liquid xylyl bromide tear gas are fired on the Imperial Russian Army on the Rawka River west of Warsaw during the Battle of Bolimów; however, freezing temperatures prevent it being effective.[4]
File:USCG S W.svg

January 28: United States Coast Guard military branch

February

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  • February – While working as a cook at New York's Sloane Hospital for Women under an assumed name, "Typhoid Mary" (an asymptomatic carrier of typhoid fever) infects 25 people, and is placed in quarantine for life on March 27.
  • February 4Maritz Rebellion of disaffected Boers against the government of the Union of South Africa ends with surrender of remaining rebels.
  • February 8 – The controversial film, The Birth of a Nation, directed by D. W. Griffith, premieres in Los Angeles. It will be the highest-grossing film for around 25 years.
  • February 18 – WWI: Germany regards waters around the British Isles to be a war zone from this date, as part of its U-boat campaign.
  • February 20 – In San Francisco the Panama–Pacific International Exposition is opened.

March

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  • March – The 1915 Palestine locust infestation breaks out in Palestine; it continues until October.
  • March 3 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the predecessor of NASA, is founded in the United States.
  • March 11 – WWI: British armed merchantman Template:HMS is sunk in the North Channel off the coast of Scotland by Imperial German Navy U-boat SM U-27. Around 200 crew are lost, a number of bodies being washed up on the Isle of Man, with only 26 saved.[5]
  • March 14 – WWI:
    • Battle of Más a Tierra: Off the coast of Chile, the British Royal Navy forces the Imperial German Navy light cruiser SMS Dresden (last survivor of the German East Asia Squadron) to scuttle.
    • Constantinople Agreement: Britain, France and the Russian Empire agree to give Constantinople and the Bosphorus to Russia in case of victory (the treaty is later nullified by the Bolshevik Revolution).
  • March 18
    • WWI: A British attack on the Dardanelles fails.
    • British Royal Navy battleship Template:HMS sinks German submarine U-29 with all hands in the Pentland Firth off the coast of Scotland by ramming her, the only time this tactic is known to have been successfully used by a battleship.
  • March 19Pluto is photographed for the first time but is not classified as a planet.
  • March 25 – The U.S. submarine F-4 sinks off Hawaii; 21 are killed.
  • March 26 – The Vancouver Millionaires win the Stanley Cup in ice hockey over the Ottawa Senators three games to zero.
  • March 28 – The first Roman Catholic liturgy is celebrated by Archbishop John Ireland at the newly consecrated Cathedral of Saint Paul in Saint Paul, Minnesota.
File:SMS Dresden German Cruiser LOC 16727.jpg

March 14: WWI: SMS Dresden, forced to scuttle by the Royal Navy.

April

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  • April 5 – Boxer Jess Willard, the latest "Great White Hope", defeats Jack Johnson with a 26th-round knockout in sweltering heat at Havana, Cuba. Willard becomes very popular among white Americans for "bringing back the championship to the white race".
  • April 11Charlie Chaplin's film The Tramp released.
  • April 22 – WWI: Start of Second Battle of Ypres. First large scale use of poison gas on the Western Front by the Germans.
  • April 24 – Beginning of the Armenian Genocide with the deportation of Armenian notables from Istanbul.
  • April 25 – WWI: Start of the Gallipoli Campaign (lasting until January 1916): Landing at Anzac Cove by Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and landing at Cape Helles by British and French troops to begin the Allied invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire.
File:RMS Luisitania.jpg

May 7: WWI: Template:RMS, sunk by a German U-boat.

  • April 26Treaty of London: Italy secretly agrees to leave the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary and join with the Triple Entente.

May

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  • May 3 – Canadian soldier John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields".
  • May 5 – WWI: Forces of the Ottoman Empire begin shelling ANZAC Cove from a new position behind their lines.
  • May 6 – Baseball player Babe Ruth hits his first career home run (off Jack Warhop), for the Boston Red Sox.
  • May 7 – WWI: Sinking of the RMS Lusitania: British ocean liner Template:RMS is sunk by Imperial German Navy U-boat U-20 off the south-west coast of Ireland, killing 1,198 civilians en route from New York City to Liverpool.
  • May 9 – WWI: Second Battle of Artois: German and French forces fight to a standstill; German forces defeat the British at the Battle of Aubers Ridge.
  • May 17 – The last purely Liberal government in the United Kingdom ends when Prime Minister Herbert Asquith forms an all-party coalition government, the Second Asquith ministry, with effect from May 25.
  • May 19 – WWI: Third attack on Anzac Cove by Ottoman forces is repelled by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
  • May 22
    • Quintinshill rail disaster in Scotland: collision and fire kill 226, mostly troops, the largest number of fatalities in a rail accident in the United Kingdom.
    • Lassen Peak, one of the Cascade Volcanoes in California, erupts, sending an ash plume 30,000 feet in the air and devastating the nearby area with pyroclastic flows and lahars. It is the last volcano to erupt in the contiguous United States until the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.
  • May 24 – WWI: Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary.
  • May 25China agrees to the Twenty-One Demands of the Japanese.
  • May 29Teófilo Braga becomes president of Portugal.

June

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  • June 3Mexican Revolution: Troops of Obregón and Villa clash at León: Obregón loses his right arm in grenade attack but Villa is decisively defeated.
  • June 5Women's suffrage is introduced in Denmark and Iceland.
  • June 9 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding his nation's handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking.
  • June 16 – The British Women's Institute is founded.
  • June 19 – Iceland gets their own flag, the same day that women over the age of 40 get the right to vote

July

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  • July – WWI: South-West Africa Campaign – The Union of South Africa occupies German South-West Africa with assistance from Canada, the United Kingdom, the Portuguese Republic and Portuguese Angola. South Africa will occupy South-West Africa until March 1990.
  • July 1 – WWI: In aerial warfare, German fighter pilot Kurt Wintgens becomes the first person to shoot down another plane in using a machine gun equipped with synchronization gear.
  • July 7
    • An extremely overloaded International Railway (New York–Ontario) trolleycar with 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, resulting in 15 casualties.
    • Sinhalese militia captain Henry Pedris is executed in British Ceylon for inciting race riots, a charge later proved false; he becomes a hero of the Sri Lankan independence movement.
  • July 11 – WWI: Battle of Rufiji Delta – German cruiser Template:SMS is forced to scuttle in the Rufiji River.
  • July 14 – The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British oficial Henry McMahon concerning the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • July 22 – WWI: "The Great Retreat" is ordered on Eastern front - Russian forces pull back out of Poland (then part of Russia), taking machinery and equipment with them.
  • July 24 – The steamer Template:SS capsizes in central Chicago, with the loss of 844 lives.
  • July 28 – The American occupation of Haiti (1915–34) begins.

August

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File:Galveston Hurricane 1915 wrecked home.jpg

August: Destruction by the 1915 Galveston hurricane.

  • August 523 – Hurricane Two of the 1915 Atlantic hurricane season over Galveston and New Orleans leaves 275 dead.
  • August 6 – WWI: Battle of Sari Bair: The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
  • August 16 – WWI: The Entente promises the Kingdom of Serbia, should victory be achieved over Austria-Hungary and its allied Central Powers, the territories of Baranja, Srem and Slavonia from the Cisleithanian part of the Dual Monarchy; Bosnia and Herzegovina; and eastern Dalmatia (from the river of Krka to Bar).
  • August 17Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched for the alleged murder of a 13-year-old girl in Atlanta.
  • August 31Jimmy Lavender of the Chicago Cubs pitches a no-hitter against the New York Giants.

September

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  • September 5 – The beginning of the Zimmerwald Conference in Switzerland.
  • September 6 – The prototype military tank is first tested by the British Army.
  • September 7 – Former cartoonist John B. Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
  • September 8 – WWI: A Zeppelin raid destroys No.61 Farringdon Road, London. It Is rebuilt in 1917 and called The Zeppelin Building.
  • September 11 – The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service between Paoli and Philadelphia, using overhead AC trolley wires for power. This type of system is later used in long-distance passenger trains between New York City, Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
  • September 25October 14 – WWI: Battle of Loos: British forces take the French town of Loos but with substantial casualties and are unable to press their advantage. This is the first time the British use poison gas in World War I and also their first large-scale use of 'New' or Kitchener's Army units.
  • September 30 – WWI: Serbian Army private Radoje Ljutovac became the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire.

October

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  • October 12 – WWI: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium.
  • October 15 – WWI: Serbian Campaign: Austria-Hungary invades the Kingdom of Serbia. Bulgaria enters the war, also invading Serbia. The Serbian First Army retreats towards Greece.
  • October 16 – WWI: France declares war on Bulgaria.
  • October 19
    • WWI: Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria.
    • Mexican Revolution: The U.S. recognizes the Mexican government of Venustiano Carranza de facto (not de jure until 1917).
  • October 21 United Daughters of the Confederacy holds its first annual meeting outside the South, in San Francisco. Historian General of the UDC, Mildred Rutherford address the gathering on the "Historical Sins of Omission & Commission" of Yankee historians.
  • October 23 – WWI: Torpedoing of the armored cruiser Template:SMS results in only three men being rescued from a crew of 675, the greatest single loss of life for the Imperial German Navy in the Baltic Sea during the War.
  • October 25Lyda Conley, the first American Indian woman to appear before the Supreme Court of the United States as a lawyer, is admitted to practice there.[6]
  • October 27William Morris "Billy" Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia.
  • October 28St. Johns School fire: Fire at St. John's School in Peabody, Massachusetts, claims the lives of 21 girls between the ages of 7 and 17.
  • October – Franz Kafka's novella The Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) is first published in Germany.[7]

November

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  • November 18 – Release of the U.S. silent film Inspiration, the first mainstream movie in which a leading actress (Audrey Munson) appears nude.
  • November 23 – The Triangle Film Corporation opens its new motion picture theater in Massillon, Ohio.
  • November 24William J. Simmons revives the Civil War era Ku Klux Klan at Stone Mountain, Georgia.
  • November 25Einstein's theory of general relativity is formulated.

December

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  • December 10 – The 1 millionth Ford car rolls off the assembly line at the River Rouge Plant in Detroit.
  • December 12President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai declares himself Emperor.
  • December 18 – United States President Woodrow Wilson marries Mrs Edith B. Galt in Washington, D.C.
  • December 23HMHS Britannic, which will be the largest British ship lost in WWI (though with only 30 fatalities), departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage as a hospital ship.
  • December 26 – The Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Council decides to stage an Easter Rising in 1916.

Date unknown

  • In exchange for assistance against the Ottoman Empire, the British offer Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, their recognition of an independent Arab kingdom, although clear terms are never agreed.[8]
  • Alfred Wegener publishes his theory of Pangaea.
  • The first stop sign appears in Detroit.
  • Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis is founded.

Births

January

File:Santiago Carrillo firmando en la Feria del Libro de Madrid en 2006.jpg

Santiago Carrillo

  • January 2John Hope Franklin, American historian (d. 2009)
  • January 3
    • Sid Hudson, American baseball player (d. 2008)
    • Mady Rahl, German stage and film actress (d. 2009)
  • January 4Meg Mundy, English-born American actress (d. 2016)
  • January 5Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (d. 2004)
  • January 6Don Edwards, American politician (d. 2015)
  • January 7Helen Mussallem, Canadian nursing administrator (d. 2012)
  • January 9Anita Louise, American actress (d. 1970)
  • January 11Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier and co-founder of the Special Air Service (d. 1955)
  • January 14Mark Goodson, American television game show producer (d. 1992)
  • January 15Leo Mol, Ukrainian Canadian artist and sculptor (d. 2009)
  • January 16Leslie H. Martinson, American television and film director (d. 2016)
  • January 17Sammy Angott, American boxer (d. 1980)
  • January 18Santiago Carrillo, Spanish politician (d. 2012)
  • January 20Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • January 23
    • W. Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
    • Potter Stewart, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1985)
  • January 24Robert Motherwell, American painter (d. 1991)
  • January 25Ewan MacColl, English folk singer, songwriter, and poet (d. 1989)
  • January 28Nien Cheng, Chinese-born American writer (d. 2009)
  • January 29
    • Albert Henderson, American actor (d. 2004)
    • V. V. Sadagopan, Indian film actor, music teacher, performer and composer
    • John Serry, Sr., American musician, composer, arranger (d. 2003)
  • January 30
    • Joachim Peiper, German Waffen-SS officer (d. 1976)
    • John Profumo, British politician (d. 2006)
  • January 31
    • Alan Lomax, American folklorist and musicologist (d. 2002)
    • Thomas Merton, American monk and author (d. 1968)

February

File:Robert Hofstadter.jpg

Robert Hofstadter

File:Patriarch-Teoctist.jpg

Teoctist Arăpașu

File:Lorne Green Allan Warren.jpg

Lorne Greene

March

File:Patricia Morison.jpg

Patricia Morison

  • March 4
    • László Csizsik-Csatáry, Hungarian convicted Nazi war criminal (d. 2013)
    • Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (d. 1997)
  • March 6Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, Leader of the Dawoodi Bohra Community (d. 2014)
  • March 9John Edgar "Johnnie" Johnson, English pilot (d. 2001)
  • March 10Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (d. 1978)
  • March 11Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • March 14Alexander Brott, Canadian conductor and composer (d. 2005)
  • March 17
    • Ray Ellington, British singer and bandleader (d. 1985)
    • Bill Roycroft, Australian equestrian (d. 2011)
  • March 19Patricia Morison, American actress
  • March 20
  • March 23Vasily Zaytsev, Soviet sniper (d. 1991)
  • March 27Robert Lockwood Jr., American musician (d. 2006)
  • March 30
    • Arsenio Erico, Paraguayan footballer (d. 1977)
    • Pietro Ingrao, Italian politician (d. 2015)
  • March 31Albert Hourani, English historian (d. 1993)

April

File:Billie Holiday 1949.jpg

Billie Holiday

File:Anthony Quinn signed.JPG

Anthony Quinn

  • April 1O. W. Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004)
  • April 3
    • Axel Axgil, Danish LGBT rights activist (d. 2011)
    • İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2010)
    • Piet de Jong, Dutch politician and naval officer, Minister of Defence (1963–1967), Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) (d. 2016)
    • Paul Touvier, French collaborator with the Nazis in Occupied France during World War II, first Frenchman convicted of crimes against humanity (d. 1996)
  • April 7
    • Stanley Adams, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1977)
    • Albert O. Hirschman, German-born economist (d. 2012)
    • Billie Holiday, African-American singer (d. 1959)
  • April 8Ivan Supek, Croatian physicist, author, and human rights activist (d. 2007)
  • April 10
    • Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan, Founder of Azad Kashmir, guerrilla leader who led the Kashmir revolt against Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir (d. 2003)
    • Harry Morgan, American actor and director (d. 2011)
  • April 12Július Tomin, Czech writer known for promoting Interlingua (d. 2003)
  • April 15Elizabeth Catlett, American-born artist (d. 2012)
  • April 21Anthony Quinn, Mexican actor (d. 2001)
  • April 29Donald Mills, lead tenor of the Mills Brothers (d. 1999)
  • April 30Elio Toaff, Italian rabbi (d. 2015)

May

File:Alice Faye photograph.jpg

Alice Faye

File:Orson Welles 1937.jpg

Orson Welles

  • May 1Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)
  • May 2
    • Van Alexander, American bandleader, arranger and composer (d. 2015)
    • Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
  • May 3Stu Hart, Canadian wrestling trainer (d. 2003)
  • May 5
    • Alice Faye, American entertainer (d. 1998)
    • Ben Wright, English actor (d. 1989)
  • May 6
    • Sydney Carter, British musician, poet and songwriter (d. 2004)
    • Orson Welles, American actor and director (d. 1985)
  • May 8Milton Meltzer, American author (d. 2009)
  • May 10 – Sir Denis Thatcher, British businessman, husband of UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (d. 2003)
  • May 12Brother Roger, Swiss founder of the Taizé Community (d. 2005)
  • May 15
    • Hilda Bernstein, English-born author, artist, and activist (d. 2006)
    • Evelyn Owen, Australian gun designer (d. 1949)
    • Paul Samuelson, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • May 16Mario Monicelli, Italian film director (d. 2010)
  • May 19Renée Asherson, British actress (d. 2014)
  • May 20Moshe Dayan, Israeli military leader and politician (d. 1981)
  • May 26Sam Edwards, American actor (d. 2004)
  • May 27
    • Ester Soré, Chilean musician (d. 1996)
    • Herman Wouk, American author
  • May 29Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990)

June

File:SaulBellow.jpg

Saul Bellow

  • June 1John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004)
  • June 2Tapio Wirkkala, Finnish designer (d. 1985)
  • June 4Modibo Keïta, former President of Mali (d. 1977)
  • June 9Les Paul, American inventor and musician (d. 2009)
  • June 10
    • Saul Bellow, Canadian-born writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
    • Peride Celal, Turkish author (d. 2013)
  • June 12David Rockefeller, American banker and philanthropist
  • June 15
  • June 16Mariano Rumor, Italian politician and Prime Minister of Italy from 1968 to 1970 and again from 1973 to 1974 (d. 1990)
  • June 17
    • Mario Echandi Jiménez, President of Costa Rica (d. 2011)
    • Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist and Holocaust survivor (d. 1996)
    • Walter J. Zable, American founder and CEO of Cubic Corporation (d. 2012)
    • David "Stringbean" Akeman, American country music banjo player (d. 1973)
  • June 19Pat Buttram, American actor (d. 1994)
  • June 22Randolph Hokanson, American pianist
  • June 24Fred Hoyle, British astronomer (d. 2001)
  • June 26
    • George Haigh, English professional footballer
    • Paul Castellano, American gangster (d. 1985)
    • Charlotte Zolotow, American author (d. 2013)
  • June 27Grace Lee Boggs, American author, social activist, and philosopher (d. 2015)
  • June 28David "Honeyboy" Edwards, American musician (d. 2011)

July

  • July 1Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • July 2Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington (d. 2014)
  • July 5John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007)
  • July 7Margaret Walker, American poet (d. 1998)
  • July 8Neil D. Van Sickle, American Air Force major general
  • July 15Albert Ghiorso, American nuclear scientist (d. 2010)
  • July 17Fred Ball, American movie studio executive, actor, and the brother of comedian Lucille Ball (d. 2007)
  • July 19Åke Hellman, Finnish painter
  • July 24Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (d. 2004)
  • July 25
    • Julio Iglesias, Sr., father of Julio Iglesias (d. 2005)
    • Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., American fighter pilot, brother of John F. Kennedy (d. 1944)
  • July 26K. Pattabhi Jois, Indian yogi (d. 2009)
  • July 28
    • Charles Townes, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
    • Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (d. 1998)
    • Dick Sprang, American comic book artist during the golden age of comics and an explorer (d. 2000)

August

File:Gary merrill.png

Gary Merrill

File:IngridBergmanportrait.jpg

Ingrid Bergman

  • August 2Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • August 3
    • Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (d. 2006)
    • Pete Newell, Canadian-born basketball coach (d. 2008)
  • August 4William Keene, American actor (d. 1992)
  • August 12Michael Kidd, American choreographer (d. 2007)
  • August 14Irene Hickson, American professional baseball player (d. 1995)
  • August 19Ring Lardner Jr., American film screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • August 21Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman, British lawyer and political adviser (d. 1995)
  • August 22Hugh Paddick, British actor (d. 2000)
  • August 25Walter Trampler, American violist (d. 1997)
  • August 27Norman F. Ramsey, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • August 28
    • Tol Avery, American actor (d. 1973)
    • Simon Oakland, American actor (d. 1983)
    • Max Robertson, British sports commentator (d. 2009)
    • Tasha Tudor, American illustrator (d. 2008)
  • August 29
    • Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
    • Jack Agazarian, English WWII spy (d. 1945)
  • August 30
    • Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland, British-born Swedish princess (d. 2013)
    • Robert Strassburg, American composer (d. 2003)

September

File:Brenda Marshall.jpg

Brenda Marshall

October

File:Capovilla.cardinal2014.jpg

Loris Francesco Capovilla

File:Yitzhak Shamir (1980).jpg

Yitzhak Shamir

November

  • November 1Marion Eugene Carl, U.S. Marine Corps World War II fighter ace and test pilot (d. 1998)
  • November 4Wee Kim Wee, 4th president of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • November 7Philip Morrison, American physicist, astrophysicist and professor (d. 2005)
  • November 9
    • André François, French cartoonist (d. 2005)
    • Sargent Shriver, American politician (d. 2011)
  • November 11
    • William Proxmire, U.S. Senator (d. 2005)
    • Anna Schwartz, American economist (d. 2012)
  • November 12Roland Barthes, French philosopher and literary critic (d. 1980)
  • November 19Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • November 23John Dehner, American actor (d. 1992)
  • November 25
    • Augusto Pinochet, President of Chile (d. 2006)
    • Armando Villanueva, the leader of the Peruvian American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (d. 2013)
  • November 28Evald Okas, Estonian painter (d. 2011)
  • November 29Eugene Polley, American engineer (d. 2012)
  • November 30
    • Brownie McGhee, American musician (d. 1996)
    • Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)

December

File:Frank Sinatra '57.jpg

Frank Sinatra

File:Curd Juergens by Günter Rittner 1980.jpg

Curd Juergens

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Édith Piaf

  • December 2
    • Marais Viljoen, former President of South Africa (d. 2007)
    • Prince Takahito of Mikasa, younger brother of Hirohito (d. 2016)
  • December 4Virginia deGravelles, American politician
  • December 7Eli Wallach, American actor (d. 2014)
  • December 8Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • December 9Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-born soprano (d. 2006)
  • December 12Frank Sinatra, American actor and singer (d. 1998)
  • December 13
    • Curd Juergens, Austrian-German film actor (d. 1982)
    • Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (d. 1983)
  • December 14Dan Dailey, American actor and dancer (d. 1978)
  • December 15Kenshiro Abbe, Japanese master of judo, aikido, and kendo (d. 1985)
  • December 17Robert A. Dahl, American political scientist (d. 2014)
  • December 19Édith Piaf, French singer (d. 1963)
  • December 21Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (d. 2007)
  • December 22Barbara Billingsley, American actress (d. 2010)
  • December 27Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (d. 1999)

Deaths

January–June

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Wyndham Halswelle

  • January 13Mary Slessor, Scottish Christian missionary (b. 1848)
  • January 14Richard Meux Benson, English founder of an Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • January 23Anne Whitney, American sculptor and poet (b. 1821)
  • February 3 – Bosnian Serb conspirators (executed for their part in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria):
    • Veljko Čubrilović (b. 1886)
    • Danilo Ilić (b. 1891)
    • Miško Jovanović
  • February 5Ross Barnes, American baseball player (b. 1850)
  • February 18Frank James, American outlaw (b. 1843)
  • February 22John Gough, British general and Victoria Cross recipient (killed in action) (b. 1871)
  • March 4William Willett, English promoter of daylight saving time (b. 1856)
  • March 13Sergei Witte, Russian aristocrat and statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1849)
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Friedrich Loeffler

  • March 15George Llewelyn Davies, English soldier, inspiration for the "Lost Boys" of Peter Pan (killed in action) (b. 1893)
  • March 21Frederick Winslow Taylor, American engineer and economist (b. 1856)
  • March 31Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (killed in action) (b. 1882)
  • April 9Friedrich Loeffler, German bacteriologist (b. 1852)
  • April 16Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (b. 1841)
  • April 23
    • Rupert Brooke, English poet (sepsis from an infected mosquito bite on active service) (b. 1887)
    • Frederick Fisher, Canadian recipient of Victoria Cross (killed in action) (b. 1894)
  • April 27
    • William Barnard Rhodes-Moorhouse, English airman, first aviator awarded Victoria Cross (b. 1887)
    • Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872)
  • May 7Sinking of the RMS Lusitania:
    • Justus Miles Forman, American writer (b. 1875)
    • Charles Frohman, American theater producer (b. 1856)
    • Elbert Hubbard, American writer and philosopher (b. 1856)
    • Alice Moore Hubbard, American wife of Elbert (b. 1861)
    • Charles Klein, American playwright (b. 1867)
    • Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt I, American sportsman (b. 1877)
  • May 9
    • François Faber, Luxembourgian cyclist (killed in battle) (b. 1887)
    • Tony Wilding, New Zealand tennis player (killed in battle) (b. 1883)
  • May 24John Condon, Irish private soldier in British Army, claimed as youngest British soldier to die in WWI (killed in action) (b. 1896)
  • May 26Julian Grenfell, English poet (killed in battle) (b. 1888)
  • May 31Victor Child Villiers, 7th Earl of Jersey, 18th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1845)
  • June 5Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, French artist and sculptor (killed in battle) (b. 1891)
  • June 7Charles Reed Bishop, preeminent businessman and philanthropist in Hawaii (b. 1822)
  • June 19Benjamin F. Isherwood, American admiral and United States Navy Engineer-in-Chief (b. 1822)
  • June 25Tok Janggut, Malayan rebel leader (killed in battle) (b. 1853)

July–December

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Porfirio Diaz

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Henry Moseley

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Paul Ehrlich

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Alois Alzheimer

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Charles Tupper

  • July 2Porfirio Díaz, 29th President of Mexico (b. 1830)
  • July 16Ellen G. White, American prophetess, co-founder of Seventh-Day Adventism, most translated American author (b. 1827)
  • July 25Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau, Parisian socialite and model for the painting Portrait of Madame X (b. 1859)
  • August 10Henry Moseley, English physicist (killed in action) (b. 1887)
  • August 17Leo Frank, Jewish-American factory superintendent who was falsely convicted of the murder of Mary Phagan (b. 1884)
  • August 20
  • August 26John Bunny American silent film comedian (b. 1863)
  • August 31Adolphe Pégoud, French acrobatic pilot and World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1889)
  • September 1August Stramm, German poet and playwright (killed in battle) (b. 1874)
  • September 9Albert Spalding, baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850)
  • September 11William Sprague IV, America politician from Rhode Island (b. 1830)
  • September 13Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • September 21Anthony Comstock, Anti-indecency Reformer (b. 1844)
  • September 26Keir Hardie, British labour leader (b. 1856)
  • September 27Fergus Bowes-Lyon, brother of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (killed in battle) (b. 1889)
  • October 12Edith Cavell, nurse and war heroine (shot) (b. 1865)
  • October 13Charles Sorley, British poet (killed in action) (b. 1895)
  • October 15Theodor Boveri, German biologist (b. 1862)
  • October 23W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
  • October 26August Bungert, German composer and poet (b. 1845)
  • October 30Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • November 15Booker T. Washington, American educator (b. 1856)
  • November 21Dixie Haygood, American magician (b. 1861)
  • November 28Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1837)
  • December 19Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (b. 1864)
  • December 31Tommaso Salvini, Italian actor (b. 1829)

Nobel Prizes

Notes

  1. Template:Cite episode
  2. "No Jacket Can Hold Him", Life, accessed May 9, 2011.
  3. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  4. Heller, Charles E. (September 1984). "Chemical Warfare in World War I: The American Experience, 1917-1918". Leaveanworth Papers, 10. Combat Studies Institute. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  5. Johnston, Willie (2015-03-12). "Centenary of HMS Bayano disaster off the Galloway coast". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-03-24.
  6. “Washington, Oct. 25.” The New York Times, 26 October 1915.
  7. In Die Weißen Blätter.
  8. Shlaim, Avi (2008). Lion of Jordan. London: Penguin Books. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-141-01728-0.

References

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