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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
  • '
Years:
  • '
1912 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1912
MCMXII
Ab urbe condita2665
Armenian calendar1361
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԱ
Assyrian calendar6662
Bahá'í calendar68–69
Balinese saka calendar1833–1834
Bengali calendar1319
Berber calendar2862
British Regnal yearGeo. 5 – 3 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2456
Burmese calendar1274
Byzantine calendar7420–7421
Chinese calendar辛亥(Metal Pig)
4608 or 4548
    — to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4609 or 4549
Coptic calendar1628–1629
Discordian calendar3078
Ethiopian calendar1904–1905
Hebrew calendar5672–5673
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1968–1969
 - Shaka Samvat1833–1834
 - Kali Yuga5012–5013
Holocene calendar11912
Igbo calendar912–913
Iranian calendar1290–1291
Islamic calendar1330–1331
Japanese calendarMeiji 45 / Taishō 1
(大正元年)
Javanese calendar1841–1842
Juche calendar1
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4245
Minguo calendarROC 1
民國1年
Nanakshahi calendar444
Thai solar calendar2454–2455
Tibetan calendar阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
2038 or 1657 or 885
    — to —
阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
2039 or 1658 or 886

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the , the 12th year of the , and the 3rd year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January

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  • January 1 – The Republic of China is proclaimed.
  • January 4The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • January 5Moscow Art Theatre production of Hamlet opens.
  • January 6New Mexico becomes the 47th state of the United States.
  • January 6 – German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift.
  • January 8 – The African National Congress is founded as the South African Native National Congress at the Waaihoek Wesleyan Church in Bloemfontein to promote improved rights for black South Africans, with John Langalibalele Dube as its first president.
  • January 14Raymond Poincaré forms a coalition government in France, beginning his first term of office as Prime Minister on 21 January.
  • January 17 – British polar explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four become the second expeditionary group to reach the South Pole.
  • January 18 – (Old Style January 5) Prague Party Conference: Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party break away from the rest of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
  • January 22 – The Overseas Railroad opens and the first train arrives in Key West, Florida, with Henry M. Flagler, the railroad's creator and owner, aboard.
  • January 23 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.

February

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  • February 12 – The Manchu Qing dynasty of China comes to an end after 268 years with the abdication of Emperor Puyi in favour of the Republic of China.
  • February 14Arizona becomes the 48th U.S. state and the last of the contiguous United States which pushed the American frontier to the brink.
  • February 24Battle of Beirut: Italy makes a surprise attack on the Ottoman port of Beirut, when the cruiser Giuseppe Garibaldi and the gunboat Volturno bombard the harbour, killing 97 sailors and civilians.
  • February 29Serbia and Bulgaria secretly sign a treaty of alliance for a term of eight years, with each pledging to come to the defense of the other during war.

March

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File:Nlc amundsen.jpg

March 7: Amundsen and the South Pole

File:Washmem.jpg

March 27: Cherry trees for Washington, D.C.

  • March 1Albert Berry is reported to have made the first parachute jump from a flying airplane.
  • March 6Italian forces became the first to use airships in war, as two dirigibles dropped bombs on Turkish troops encamped at Janzur, from an altitude of 6,000 feet.[1]
  • March 7Roald Amundsen in Hobart, Tasmania, announces his success in reaching the South Pole the previous December.
  • March 12 – The Girl Scouts is founded by Juliette Gordon Low in Savannah, Georgia.
  • March 16Lawrence Oates, dying member of Scott's South Pole expedition, leaves the tent saying, "I am just going outside and may be some time."
  • March 22 – State of Bihar is formed out of the ertswhile State of Bengal in British India.
  • March 27 – Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry trees to be planted in Washington, D.C., to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
  • March 29 – The remaining members of Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition die.
  • March 30 – The French Third Republic establishes the French protectorate in Morocco.

April

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File:Stöwer Titanic.jpg

April 15: The Template:RMS sinks.

  • April 10White Star liner Template:RMS departs from Southampton with 2225 passengers and crew on her maiden voyage bound for New York.
  • April 11Template:RMS makes her last call, at Queenstown in Ireland.
  • April 1415Sinking of the RMS Titanic: Template:RMS strikes an iceberg in the northern Atlantic Ocean and sinks with the loss of 1517 lives. The wreck will not be discovered until 1985.[2]
  • April 16Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
  • April 17 – 500 striking gold miners in Siberia are killed or wounded by troops in the Lena massacre.
  • April 18Cunard Line vessel Template:RMS arrives in New York with the 708 Template:RMS survivors.
  • April 20Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, opens.
  • April 30Carl Laemmle founds Universal Studios as the Universal Film and Manufacturing Company in the United States.

May

File:1912 Summer Olympics poster.jpg

1912 Summer Olympics

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  • May 1`Abdu'l-Bahá lays the cornerstone for the Bahá'í House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois.
  • May 5 – The Olympic Games open in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • May 11 – Alaska becomes a territory of the United States.
  • May 13 – In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (forerunner of the Royal Air Force) is established.
  • May 23 – The Hamburg America Line's Template:SS is launched in Hamburg and is the world's largest ship.
  • May 30 – Wilbur Wright (of the Wright brothers) dies with a case of typhoid fever.

June

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  • June 6 – The Novarupta volcano (290 miles (470 km) southwest of Anchorage) experiences a VEI 6 eruption; the largest eruption in the 20th century.

July

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  • July 1Harriet Quimby, who set the record as the first woman to fly the English Channel only 2 months before, dies in Squantum, Massachusetts after her brand-new two-seat Bleriot monoplane crashes, killing both Quimby and her passenger.
  • July 12 – United States release of Sarah Bernhardt's film Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth is influential on the development of the movie feature. Adolph Zukor, who incorporates Paramount Pictures on May 8, 1914, launches his company as the distributor. Paramount celebrates its centennial in 2012.
  • July 30Emperor Meiji of Japan dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taishō. In the history of Japan, the event marks the end of the Meiji period and the beginning of the Taishō period.

August

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  • August 4United States occupation of Nicaragua: U.S. Marines land from the USS Annapolis in Nicaragua to support the conservative government at its request.[3]
  • August 12 – Sultan Abd al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
  • August 21 – First Eagle Scout (Boy Scouts of America).
  • August 25 – The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

September

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  • September 4 – The government of the Ottoman Empire agrees to the demands put forward in the Albanian Revolt of 1912.
  • September 28W. C. Handy publishes "The Memphis Blues" in the United States.

October

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  • October 8 – The First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against the Ottoman Empire.
  • October 10 – The Maternity Allowance Act goes into effect in Australia, but excludes minorities.
  • October 14John Flammang Schrank attempts to assassinate Theodore Roosevelt.
  • October 16Bulgarian pilots Radul Minkov and Prodan Toprakchiev perform the first bombing with an airplane in history, at the railway station of Karaagac near Edirne against Turkey.
  • October 17Krupp engineers Benno Strauss and Eduard Maurer patent austenitic stainless steel.[4]
  • October 18Italy and the Ottoman Empire sign a treaty in Ouchy near Lausanne ending the Italo-Turkish War.
  • October 24 – First Balkan War: Battle of Kumanovo: Serbian forces defeat the Ottoman army in Vardar Macedonia.
  • October
    • Edgar Rice Burroughs' character Tarzan first appears in Tarzan of the Apes in American pulp magazine The All-Story.
    • Sax Rohmer's character Fu Manchu first appears in the first story of The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu in English pulp magazine Story-Teller.

November

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File:Woodrow Wilson (Nobel 1919).jpg

November 8, 1912: New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson wins U.S. presidential election

.

  • November 8 – Governor of New Jersey Woodrow Wilson wins U.S. presidential election.
  • November 11William Lawrence Bragg presents his derivation of Bragg's law for the angles for coherent and incoherent scattering from a crystal lattice, creating the field of x-ray crystallography, and making possible the eventual imaging of the double helix of DNA[5]
  • November 28Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.

December

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  • December 18Piltdown Man, thought to be the fossilized skull of a hitherto unknown form of early human, presented to the Geological Society of London. It is revealed to be a hoax in 1953.
  • December 24Merck files patent applications in Germany for synthesis of the entactogenic drug MDMA (Ecstasy), developed by Anton Köllisch.[6]
  • December 30 – The First Balkan War ends temporarily: Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League countries) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month-long war.

Date unknown

File:1912-detail-Springfield-Birmingham.jpg

1912 date-mark on the apex of a building at Springfield, Birmingham, England.

  • Casimir Funk identifies vitamins.
  • The Scoville Unit (used to measure the heat of peppers) is devised and tested by Wilbur Scoville.
  • Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
  • Wilfrid Voynich discovers the eponymous manuscript in the Villa Mondragone.
  • The Government College of Technology, Rasul was established.

Births

January–February

File:Danny Thomas 1957.JPG

Danny Thomas

File:Konrad Bloch.JPG

Konrad Emil Bloch

  • January 1Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
  • January 2Hans Leussink, German politician (d. 2008)
  • January 3Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • January 5Gilbert Ralston, British-American screenwriter and television producer (d. 1999)
  • January 6
    • Jacques Ellul, French philosopher (d. 1994)
    • Danny Thomas, American actor and comedian (d. 1991)
  • January 7
    • Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
    • Ivan Yakubovsky, Marshal of Soviet Union (d. 1976)
  • January 8
    • José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)
    • Lawrence E. Walsh, American jurist (d. 2014)
  • January 9Basil Langton, English actor and authority on the stage works of George Bernard Shaw (d. 2003)
  • January 19Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • January 21Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2000)
  • January 23Susan French, American actess (d. 2003)
  • January 27
    • Marc Daniels, American television director (d. 1989)
    • Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (d. 2009)
    • Francis Rogallo, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2009)
  • January 28Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
  • January 30
    • Werner Hartmann, German physicist (d. 1988)
    • Barbara Tuchman, American historian (d. 1989)
    • Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian, philosopher, and Presbyterian pastor (d. 1984)
  • February 2Millvina Dean, youngest passenger and survivor of the Sinking of the RMS Titanic (d. 2009)
  • February 4
    • Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (d. 1993)
    • Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
  • February 6Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler's mistress (d. 1945)
  • February 7Roberta Wright McCain, wife of four-star Admiral John S. McCain, Jr. and mother of Senator John McCain (R-AZ)
  • February 11Roy Fuller, English poet and novelist (d. 1991)
  • February 14Juan Pujol García, Spanish Catalan double agent (d. 1988)
  • February 19Ursula Torday, British writer (d. 1997)
  • February 20Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
  • February 27Lawrence Durrell, British writer (d. 1990)
  • February 28Bertil, Swedish prince, Duke of Halland (d. 1997)

March–April

File:PatNixon.jpg

Pat Nixon

File:Wernher von Braun.jpg

Wernher von Braun

File:James Callaghan.JPG

James Callaghan

File:Sonja Henie 1936.jpg

Sonja Henie

File:Kim Il-sung 1984.jpg

Kim Il-sung

File:Glenn Seaborg - 1964.jpg

Glenn T. Seaborg

  • March 1Boris Chertok, Polish-born Russian rocket designer (d. 2011)
  • March 4
    • Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (d. 1976)
    • Judith Furse, British character actress (d. 1974)
    • Carl Marzani, American documentarian (d. 1994)
  • March 5David Astor, British newspaper publisher (d. 2001)
  • March 6George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
  • March 8
    • Joachim Schepke, German submarine commander (d. 1941)
    • Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
  • March 12Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • March 13Charles Schepens, Belgian-American ophthalmologist (d. 2006)
  • March 14
    • Les Brown, American band leader (d. 2001)
    • W. Graham Claytor, Jr., American railroad executive (d. 1994)
    • W. Willard Wirtz, American administrator (d. 2010)
  • March 15Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (d. 1982)
  • March 16Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993)
  • March 17Bayard Rustin, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)
  • March 18
    • Lucien Laurin, Canadian horse trainer (d. 2000)
    • Art Gilmore, American radio and television announcer (d. 2010)
  • March 19Adolf Galland, German general and World War II fighter ace (d. 1996)
  • March 22Karl Malden, American actor (d. 2009)
  • March 23Wernher von Braun, German-born American physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
  • March 24Dorothy Height, American activist (d. 2010)
  • March 25Jean Vilar, French stage actor (d. 1971)
  • March 27James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • March 29Hanna Reitsch, German aviator (d. 1979)
  • March 31William Lederer, American writer (d. 2009)
  • April 2Herbert Mills, American singer, "Mills Brothers" tenor (d. 1989)
  • April 5John Le Mesurier, British actor (d. 1983)
  • April 7Jack Lawrence, American composer (d. 2009)
  • April 8
    • Alois Brunner, Austrian captain (disappeared in 2001)
    • Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (d. 1969)
  • April 11Gusti Wolf, Austrian actress (d. 2007)
  • April 12Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
  • April 13William J. Tuttle, American makeup artist (d. 2007)
  • April 15Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
  • April 16
    • David Langton, British actor, (d. 1994)
    • Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
  • April 17Marta Eggerth, Hungarian-born actress and singer, naturalized citizen of the United States (d. 2013)
  • April 19Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • April 22
    • Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto (d. 1953)
    • Kaneto Shindō, Japanese film director (d. 2012)
  • April 26A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born writer (d. 2000)
  • April 27Zohra Sehgal, Indian stage and film actress (d. 2014)
  • April 28Odette Sansom, French World War II heroine (d. 1995)

May–June

File:Alan Turing Aged 16.jpg

Alan Turing

  • May 1Otto Kretschmer, German submarine commander and Bundesmarine admiral (d. 1998)
  • May 2
    • Axel Springer, German journalist and the founder and owner of Axel Springer AG (d. 1985)
    • Marten Toonder, Dutch comic creator (d. 2005)
  • May 3
    • Virgil Fox, American organist (d. 1980)
    • John Bryan Ward-Perkins, British archaeologist (d. 1981)
  • May 6Bill Quinn, American actor (d. 1994)
  • May 9Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (d. 1963)
  • May 11Foster Brooks, American actor and comedian (d. 2001)
  • May 12Mayavaram V. R. Govindaraja Pillai, Carnatic violinist from Tamil Nadu, Southern India (d. 1979)
  • May 16Studs Terkel, American writer and broadcaster (d. 2008)
  • May 17
    • Archibald Cox, American Watergate special prosecutor (d. 2004)
    • Ace Parker, American baseball and football player (d. 2013)
  • May 18
    • Perry Como, American singer (d. 2001)
    • Walter Sisulu, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2003)
  • May 21
    • Monty Stratton, American baseball player (d. 1982)
    • Akiva Vroman, Dutch-born Israeli geologist and Israel Prize recipient (d. 1989)
  • May 22Herbert C. Brown, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • May 23
    • Betty Astell, British actress (d. 2005)
    • Jean Françaix, French composer (d. 1997)
    • John Payne, American actor (d. 1989)
  • May 25Princess Deokhye of Korea (d. 1989)
  • May 26
    • János Kádár, Hungarian Communist politician (d. 1989)
    • Jay Silverheels, American actor (The Lone Ranger) (d. 1980)
  • May 27
    • John Cheever, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1982)
    • Cedric Phatudi, Chief Minister of Lebowa bantustan (d. 1987)
    • Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
  • May 28
    • Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (d. 1992)
    • Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • May 29Pamela Hansford Johnson, English poet, novelist, playwright, literary and social critic (d. 1981)
  • May 30
  • May 31
    • Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
    • Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson, American politician (d. 1983)
  • June 4Robert Jacobsen, Danish artist (d. 1993)
  • June 5Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
  • June 6Maria Montez, Dominican actress (d. 1951)
  • June 8
    • Harry Holtzman, American artist (d. 1987)
    • Walter Kennedy, former NBA commissioner (d. 1977)
  • June 9Philip Simmons, American ornamental ironworker (d. 2009)
  • June 11Phạm Hùng, Vietnamese prime minister (d. 1988)
  • June 15Oscar Natzka, New Zealand singer (d. 1951)
  • June 16Enoch Powell, British politician (d. 1998)
  • June 21Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, and intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (d. 2000)
  • June 23Alan Turing, British mathematician (d. 1954)
  • June 24Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d. 1994)
  • June 25William T. Cahill, American politician (d. 1996)
  • June 27
    • E. R. Braithwaite, Guyanese novelist, writer, teacher, and diplomat
    • Chen Kenmin, Japanese chef (d. 1990)
  • June 30Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)

July–August

File:Salvador E. Luria ca.1969.jpg

Salvador Luria

File:Gene Kelly - USN.jpg

Gene Kelly

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R0518-182, Erich Honecker.jpg

Erich Honecker

  • July 1
    • David R. Brower, American environmentalist (d. 2000)
    • Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
  • July 3Remo Galli, Italian professional football player and coach
  • July 6Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and explorer (d. 2006)
  • July 11William F. Walsh, American politician (d. 2011)
  • July 14Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (This Land Is Your Land) (d. 1967)
  • July 17Art Linkletter, American television host (House Party) (d. 2010)
  • July 18Max Rousié, French rugby footballer (d. 1959)
  • July 24Essie Summers, New Zealand writer (d. 1998)
  • July 28George Cisar, American actor (d. 1979)
  • July 31
    • Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
    • Irv Kupcinet, American newspaper columnist (d. 2003)
  • August 1
    • Frank K. Edmondson, American astronomer (d. 2008)
    • Donald Seawell, American theater producer and newspaper publisher (d. 2015)
  • August 2Palle Huld, Danish actor (d. 2010)
  • August 3Fritz Hellwig, German politician (CDU) and former European Commissioner for Science & Research
  • August 4Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish humanitarian (d. 1947)
  • August 7Võ Chí Công, Vietnamese Communist politician (d. 2011)
  • August 9Anne Brown, American soprano (d. 2009)
  • August 10Jorge Amado, Brazilian author (d. 2001)
  • August 11Norman Levinson, American mathematician (d. 1975)
  • August 13
  • August 15
    • Julia Child, American TV chef (d. 2004)
    • Ustad Amir Khan, Indian classical vocal singer (d. 1974)
    • Naoto Tajima, Japanese athlete (d. 1990)
  • August 16
    • Ted Drake, English footballer (d. 1995)
    • Wendy Hiller, English actress (d. 2003)
  • August 18Otto Ernst Remer, German Wehrmacht officer (d. 1997)
  • August 23Gene Kelly, American actor and film director (d. 1996)
  • August 25Erich Honecker, East German politician (d. 1994)
  • August 27Gloria Guinness, Mexican-born English fashion icon (d. 1980)
  • August 29Son Kitei, Japanese athlete (d. 2002)
  • August 30
    • Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
    • Nancy Wake, New Zealand World War II heroine (d. 2011)
  • August 31Katsumi Tezuka, Japanese actor

September–October

File:Chuck Jones1.jpg

Chuck Jones

File:Fernando Belaúnde Terry 1980.jpg

Fernando Belaúnde Terry

File:Albino Luciani, 1969 (3).jpg

Pope John Paul I

File:OLLIE1989.jpg

Ollie Johnston

November–December

File:Parag.1452.Stroessner.jpeg

Alfredo Stroessner

File:Lady Bird Johnson 1987.jpg

Lady Bird Johnson

  • November 1Gunther Plaut, German-born Canadian rabbi and writer (d. 2012)
  • November 3Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
  • November 4Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
  • November 6Toke Townley, English actor (d. 1984)
  • November 8June Havoc, Canadian actress (d. 2010)
  • November 10
    • Birdie Tebbetts, baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
    • Jean-Hilaire Aubame, Gabonese politician (d. 1989)
  • November 11Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (d. 1996)
  • November 13Claude Pompidou, wife of French President Georges Pompidou (d. 2007)
  • November 14
    • Barbara Hutton, American socialite (d. 1979)
    • T. Y. Lin, Chinese-born civil engineer (d. 2003)
  • November 16
    • George O. Petrie, American actor (d. 1997)
    • W. E. D. Ross, Canadian writer (d. 1995)
  • November 18Hilda Nickson, née Hilda Pressley, British novelist (d. 1977)
  • November 19George Emil Palade, Romanian microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2008)
  • November 20Otto von Habsburg, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary in exile (d. 2011)
  • November 21Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1982)
  • November 23
    • Virginia Prince, American transgender activist (d. 2009)
    • George O'Hanlon, American actor and TV writer (d. 1989)
    • Paul Rivière, French Resistance fighter and politician (d. 1998)
  • November 24Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (d. 1993)
  • November 30
    • Hugo del Carril, Argentine film actor, film director and tango singer (d. 1989)
    • Gordon Parks, African-American photographer and artist (d. 2006)
  • December 1Minoru Yamasaki, Japanese-American architect of the World Trade Center (d. 1986)
  • December 4Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, American pilot, United States Marine Corps fighter ace (d. 1988)
  • December 5Keisuke Kinoshita, Japanese film director (d. 1998)
  • December 10Philip Hart, Democratic United States Senator from Michigan from 1959 to 1976 (d. 1976)
  • December 11Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (d. 2007)
  • December 12
    • Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)
    • René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (d. 1990)
  • December 17Edward Short, British politician (d. 2012)
  • December 21Jean Conan Doyle, British military officer in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force and the Women's Royal Air Force (d. 1997). Also legal copyright holder to the works of her father Arthur Conan Doyle. (d. 1997)
  • December 22Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
  • December 24Natalino Otto, Italian singer (d. 1969)
  • December 26Arsenio Lacson, Filipino politician and sportswriter (d. 1962)
  • December 27Conroy Maddox, British painter (d. 2005)

Date unknown

  • Walt Partymiller – American cartoonist (d. 1991)

Deaths

January–March

File:Eloy Alfaro2.jpg

Eloy Alfaro Delgado Gabriel

File:Nikolai-Kasatkin.jpg

Saint Nikolai of Japan

File:Scott of the Antarctic crop.jpg

Robert Falcon Scott

File:Karl May edit.jpg

Karl May

  • January 3
    • Felix Dahn, Spanish writer (b. 1834)
    • Robley Dunglison Evans, American admiral (b. 1846)
  • January 4Clarence Dutton, American geologist (b. 1841)
  • January 14
    • Samuel W. Johnson, British railway engineer (b. 1831)
    • Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones) (b. 1840)
  • January 16Georg Heym, writer (b. 1887)
  • January 28
    • Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
    • Eloy Alfaro Delgado Gabriel, 2-Time President of Ecuador (b. 1842)
  • January 29Herman Bang, writer (b. 1857)
  • February 4Franz Reichelt, Austrian-born French tailor and inventor (b. 1879)
  • February 10Joseph Lister, English surgeon (b. 1827)
  • February 16Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox monk and saint (b. 1836)
  • February 17
    • Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, foreign minister (Austria-Hungary) (b. 1854)
    • Edgar Evans, Welsh naval officer, member of the Scott expedition to the South Pole (b. 1876)
  • February 21Osborne Reynolds, Irish physicist (b. 1842)
  • February 25Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
  • February 28Bill Storer, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1867)
  • March 1George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)
  • March 3Oskar Enkvist, Russian admiral (b. 1849)
  • March 4Augusto Aubry, Italian admiral and politician (b. 1849)
  • March 17Laurence Oates, English army officer, member of the Scott expedition to the South Pole (b. 1880)
  • March 22Ruggero Oddi, Italian physiologist and anatomist (b. 1864)
  • March 29 – Remaining members of the Scott expedition to the South Pole:
    • Henry Robertson Bowers, Scottish naval officer (b. 1883)
    • Robert Falcon Scott, British naval officer and explorer (b. 1868)
    • Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and naturalist (b. 1872)
  • March 30Karl May, German author (b. 1842)

April–June

File:Thomas byles.jpg

Thomas Byles

File:Patricio escobarpy.jpg

Patricio Escobar

File:Bram Stoker 1906.jpg

Bram Stoker

File:Frederik IIX - Otto Bache.jpg

King Frederick VIII

File:Wilbur Wright-crop.jpg

Wilbur Wright

  • April 3Calbraith Perry Rodgers, American aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
  • April 6Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet (b. 1855)
  • April 12Clara Barton, American nurse (b. 1821)
  • April 13Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • April 14Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • April 15 – 1,517 victims of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, including:
    • Thomas Andrews, Jr., Irish shipbuilder (b. 1873)
    • John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman (b. 1864)
    • Archibald Butt, American presidential aide (b. 1865)
    • Thomas Byles, British Catholic priest (b. 1870)
    • Jacques Futrelle, American mystery author and journalist (b. 1875)
    • Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (b. 1865)
    • Henry B. Harris, American theater producer (b. 1866)
    • Wallace Hartley, English ship's bandleader and violinist (b. 1878)
    • Francis Davis Millet, American painter, sculptor and writer (b. 1846)
    • Jack Phillips, English ship's senior wireless officer (b. 1887)
    • Edward Smith, English ship's captain (b. 1850)
    • William Thomas Stead, English campaigning journalist (b. 1849)
    • Isidor Straus, German American department store owner (Macy's) (b. 1845)
    • Ida Straus, German American wife of Isidor Straus (1 of only 5 Titanic first-class female fatalities) (b. 1849)
    • Harry Elkins Widener, American bibliophile (b. 1885)
  • April 19Patricio Escobar, 9th President of Paraguay (b. 1843)
  • April 20Bram Stoker, Irish writer (Dracula) (b. 1847)
  • May 5Rafael Pombo, Colombian poet (b. 1833)
  • May 14
    • August Strindberg, Swedish playwright and painter (b. 1849)
    • Frederick VIII, King of Denmark (b. 1843)
  • May 25Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
  • May 30Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer (b. 1867)
  • June 1Philip Parmalee, American aviator (b. 1887)
  • June 9Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • June 10Anton Aškerc, Slovene poet (b. 1856)
  • June 11Léon Dierx, French poet (Amants)
  • June 12Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1822)
  • June 16Thomas Pollock Anshutz, American painter (b. 1851)
  • June 24Sir George Stuart White, British field marshal (b. 1835)
  • June 25
    • Hubert Latham, French aviator, (b. 1883)
    • Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch/British painter
    • Louis Antoine, Belgian miner/sect leader
  • June 27George Bonnor, cricketer (once ran three before he was caught)

July–September

File:Henri Poincaré-2.jpg

Henri Poincaré

File:Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan.jpg

Emperor Meiji

  • July 1Harriet Quimby, American aviator (b. 1875)
  • July 2Tom Richardson, English cricketer (b. 1870)
  • July 15Francisco Lázaro, Portuguese marathon runner (Olympics)
  • July 17Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (b. 1854)
  • July 30Emperor Meiji of Japan (b. 1852)
  • July 31Allan Octavian Hume, British civil servant (b. 1829)
  • August 7François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
  • August 8Ross Winn, American anarchist writer and publisher (b. 1871)
  • August 13Jules Massenet, French composer (b. 1842)
  • August 20
    • Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (b. 1838)
    • William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • September 1Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer
  • September 5Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
  • September 6Charles John Stanley Gough, British general and Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1832)
  • September 7Martin Kähler, German theologian (b. 1835)
  • September 12Pierre-Hector Coullié, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
  • September 13Nogi Maresuke, Japanese general (suicide) (b. 1849)
  • September 30Mary Frances Allitsen, composer

October–December

File:JOSE CANALEJAS.jpg

Jose Canalejas

  • October 6Auguste Marie François Beernaert, Belgian statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1829)
  • October 8Wilhelm Kuhe, German composer (b. 1823)
  • October 24Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
  • October 30James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • November 8Dugald Drummond, British railway engineer (b. 1840)
  • November 10Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)
  • November 12José Canalejas, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1854) (assassinated)
  • November 17Richard Norman Shaw, British architect (b. 1831)
  • November 26 – Patriarch Joachim III of Constantinople (b. 1834)
  • November 28Walter Benona Sharp, American oil pioneer (b. 1870)
  • December 12Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, (b. 1821)
  • December 18William McKendree Carleton, American poet (b. 1845)
  • December 23Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • December 29Philip H. Cooper, American admiral (b. 1844)

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. "Dirigibles in Tripoli War", The New York Times, March 8, 1912
  2. Lord, Walter (1955). A Night to Remember. New York: Holt.
  3. Zissa, Robert F. (July 1984). "Nicaragua, 1912". Leatherneck Magazine. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  4. "ThyssenKrupp Nirosta: History". Archived from the original on September 2, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. To the Cambridge Philosophical Society. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1915". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  6. Freudenmann, R. W.; Oxler, F.; Bernschneider-Reif, S. (2006). "The origin of MDMA (ecstasy) revisited: the true story reconstructed from the original documents" (PDF). Addiction. 101 (9): 1241–1245. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01511.x. PMID 16911722.
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