Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1907 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January

File:Kingston.png

January 14: Earthquake in Jamaica

  • January 6 – The first Montessori school and daycare center for working class children opens in Rome.
  • January 14 – An earthquake, in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.

March

  • March
    • The 1907 Romanian Peasants' Revolt results in possibly as many as 11,000 deaths.
    • The Diamond Sūtra, a woodblock printed Buddhist scripture dated 868, is discovered by Aurel Stein in the Mogao Caves in China; it is "the earliest complete survival of a dated printed book".[1]
  • March 5 – At the opening of the new State Duma in Saint Petersburg, Russia, 40,000 demonstrators are dispersed by Russian troops.
  • March 15March 16Elections to the new Parliament of Finland are the first in the world with woman candidates, as well as the first elections in Europe where universal suffrage is applied. Nineteen women are elected.
  • March 22 – The first taxicabs with taxi meters begin operating in London.
File:Stamps of Hungary, 124-07.jpg

The Hungarian university sports federation is 100 years old. Post of Hungary, 2007.

  • March 25 – The first in Europe the Federation was established with the participation of the associations of 8 Hungarian universities and colleges and with the written support of a further two (see stamp).[2]

June

  • June 5Shastri Yagnapurushdas consecrated the murtis of both Sahajanand Swami and Gunatitanand Swami in a single central shrine, thus establishing the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, now a United Nations affiliate organization.
  • June 15 – The Second Hague Peace Conference opens at The Hague.
  • June 26Tiflis bank robbery: Bolsheviks attack a cash-filled bank coach in the centre of Tiflis, Georgia, killing forty people.

July

  • July 1 – The Orange River Colony gains autonomy as the Orange Free State.
  • July 21 – The Template:SS sinks after colliding with the lumber schooner San Pedro off Shelter Cove, California, U.S.A., resulting in 88 deaths.
  • July 24 – The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 brings the government and military of the protectorate of Korea more firmly under Japanese control.

August

  • August 19Robert Baden-Powell leads the first Scout camp on Brownsea Island, England.
  • August 29 – The partially completed superstructure of the Quebec Bridge collapses entirely, claiming the lives of 76 workers.
  • August 31 – Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the Anglo-Russian Entente in Saint Petersburg, bringing a pause in The Great Game in Central Asia and establishing the Triple Entente.

September

  • September 7 – The passenger liner Template:RMS makes its maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • September 26New Zealand and Newfoundland become dominions.

October

  • October – A committee of the Delegation for the Adoption of an International Auxiliary Language, made up of academics including Otto Jespersen, Wilhelm Ostwald and Roland Eötvös meet in Paris to select a language for international use. The committee ultimately decides to reform Esperanto.
  • October 17Guglielmo Marconi initiates commercial transatlantic radio communications between his high power longwave wireless telegraphy stations in Clifden Ireland and Glace Bay, Nova Scotia.
  • October 18Hague Convention revised by (second) Hague Peace Conference (effective 26 January 1910).
  • October 27Černová massacre: Fifteen people are shot during the consecration of a Catholic church in Hungary (now Slovakia).

November

  • November 16 – British passenger liner RMS Mauretania, the world's largest and fastest at this date, sets out on her maiden voyage from Liverpool (England) to New York.

December

  • December 6Monongah Mining disaster: A coal mine explosion kills 362 workers in Monongah, West Virginia, United States.
  • December 8 – Upon the death of Oscar II, he is succeeded by his son Gustaf V as king of Sweden.
  • December 14 – The largest sailing ship ever built – the 7-masted Thomas W. Lawson – is wrecked in the Isles of Scilly.
  • December 19 – An explosion in a coal mine in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania kills 239.
  • December 21Santa María School massacre. In Chile soldiers fire at striking mineworkers gathered in the Santa María School in Iquique, over 2000 are killed.

Date unknown

  • The triode thermionic amplifier invented by Lee de Forest, starting the development of electronics as a practical technology.
  • The Autochrome Lumière is the first commercial color photography process.
  • Peking to Paris motor race, won by Prince Scipione Borghese driving a 7-litre 35/45 hp Itala.
  • The Moine Thrust Belt in Scotland is identified, one of the first to be discovered anywhere.[3]
  • Henri Matisse begins to teach at the Académie Matisse in Paris, a private and non-commercial art school.

Births

January–February

File:Ray Milland in A Life of Her Own trailer 2.JPG

Ray Milland

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-K0917-500, Prof. Manfred v. Ardenne.jpg

Manfred von Ardenne

File:Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg

Maurice Couve de Murville

File:CesarRomero.jpg

Cesar Romero

March–April

File:Zarah Leander.jpg

Zarah Leander

File:Nikolaas Tinbergen 1978.jpg

Nikolaas Tinbergen

  • March 8Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician (d. 1998)
  • March 9Mircea Eliade, Romanian religious historian and writer (d. 1986)
  • March 12
    • Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
    • Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • March 15Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (d. 1981)
  • March 16Hans Kleppen, Norwegian ski jumper (d. 2009)
  • March 17Takeo Miki, former Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1988)
  • March 18John Zachary Young, English biologist (d. 1997)
  • March 23Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born scientist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • March 27Mary Treen, American actress (d. 1989)
  • March 28Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun and visionary (d. 2005)
  • March 29"Braguinha", Brazilian songwriter (d. 2006)
  • March 30Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe officer (d. 1994)
  • April 11
    • Paul Douglas, American actor (d. 1959)
    • Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (d. 2001)
  • April 12Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
  • April 13Harold Stassen, American politician (d. 2001)
  • April 15Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch ornithologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)
  • April 16Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Canadian inventor and founder of Bombardier Inc. (d. 1964)
  • April 21Wade Mainer, American singer and banjoist (d. 2011)
  • April 23
    • James Hayter, British actor (d. 1983)
    • Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (d. 1975)
  • April 24William Sargant, British psychiatrist (d. 1988)
  • April 29
    • Tino Rossi, French singer (d. 1983)
    • Fred Zinnemann, Austrian director (d. 1997)

May–June

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Katharine Hepburn

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Laurence Olivier

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John Wayne

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J. Hans D. Jensen

  • May 1Oliver Hill, American lawyer (d. 2007)
  • May 2Pinky Lee, American comedian (d. 1993)
  • May 3Dorothy Young, American entertainer (d. 2011)
  • May 5Iryna Vilde, Ukrainian writer (d. 1982)
  • May 9Baldur von Schirach, Nazi official (d. 1974)
  • May 11Kent Taylor, American actor (d. 1987)
  • May 12Katharine Hepburn, American actress (d. 2003)
  • May 13 – Dame Daphne du Maurier, English author (d. 1989)
  • May 14
    • Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1974)
    • Johnny Moss, American poker player (d. 1995)
    • Bob Tisdall, Irish Olympic athlete (d. 2004)
  • May 22
    • Hergé, Belgian comics author (d. 1983)
    • Lord Laurence Olivier, English stage and screen actor and director (d. 1989)
  • May 25U Nu, Burmese politician (d. 1995)
  • May 26John Wayne, American actor (d. 1979)
  • May 27Rachel Carson, American environmental writer (d. 1964)
  • May 30
    • Elly Beinhorn, German pilot (d. 2007)
    • Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)
  • June 1Frank Whittle, British jet engine developer (d. 1996)
  • June 4Rosalind Russell, American actress (d. 1976)
  • June 14
    • Nicolas Bentley, British writer and illustrator (d. 1978)
    • René Char, French poet (d. 1988)
  • June 19Clarence Wiseman, Salvation Army general (d. 1985)
  • June 22Wesley E. Brown, American district court judge (d. 2012)
  • June 23James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • June 24Jean Schlumberger (jewelry designer) (d. 1987)
  • June 25J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • June 28Franciszka Themerson, Polish-born British artist and filmmaker (d. 1989)

July–August

File:Frida Kahlo, by Guillermo Kahlo.jpg

Frida Kahlo

File:Barbara Stanwyck photograph.jpg

Barbara Stanwyck

File:Heinlein-face.jpg

Robert A. Heinlein

  • July 5Yang Shangkun, President of the People's Republic of China (d. 1998)
  • July 6Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (d. 1954)
  • July 7Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction author (d. 1988)
  • July 16
    • Orville Redenbacher, American botanist and popcorn businessman (d. 1995)
    • Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990)
  • July 19
    • Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972)
    • Paul Magloire, President of Haiti (d. 2001)
  • July 22Zubir Said, Singaporean composer of Singapore's national anthem (d. 1987)
  • July 27
    • Ross Alexander, American actor (d. 1937)
    • Richard Beesly, British Olympic gold medal rower (d. 1965)
  • July 29Melvin Belli, American lawyer (d. 1996)
  • August 2Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (d. 1984)
  • August 3Irene Tedrow, American actress (d. 1995)
  • August 7Albert Kotin, American painter (d. 1980)
  • August 8Benny Carter, American musician (d. 2003)
  • August 12Joe Besser, American comedian (d. 1988)
  • August 13Viscount William Waldorf Astor, British politician (d. 1966)
  • August 14Stanley Adams, American lyricist and songwriter (d. 1994)
  • August 20Alan Reed, American actor and voice actor (d. 1977)
  • August 21Hy Zaret, American lyricist and composer (d. 2007)
  • August 24
    • Bruno Giacometti, Swiss architect (d. 2012)
    • Gil Perkins, Australian actor and stuntman (d. 1999)
  • August 29Lurene Tuttle, American character actress (d. 1986)
  • August 31
    • Argentina Brunetti, Argentinian actress and writer (d. 2005)
    • Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (d. 2007)

September–October

File:Wray, Fay 01.jpg

Fay Wray

  • September 2
    • Evelyn Hooker, American psychologist (d. 1996)
    • Miriam Seegar, American actress (d. 2011)
  • September 3Loren Eiseley, American author (d. 1977)
  • September 4
    • Frances Griffiths, Cottingley Fairies girl (d. 1986)
    • Reggie Nalder, Austrian actor (d. 1991)
  • September 12
    • Spud Chandler, American baseball player (d. 1990)
    • Louis MacNeice, Northern Irish poet (d. 1963)
  • September 15
    • Jimmy Wallington, American radio personality (d. 1972)
    • Fay Wray, Canadian-born actress (d. 2004)
  • September 17Warren E. Burger, Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1995)
  • September 18
    • Leon Askin, Austrian actor (d. 2005)
    • Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • September 19Lewis F. Powell Jr., Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1998)
  • September 22Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher and writer (d. 2003)
  • September 23Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, Pretender to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • September 26
    • Anthony Blunt, British art historian and spy (d. 1983)
    • Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (d. 1992)
  • September 27Zhang Chongren, Chinese artist (d. 1998)
  • September 29
    • Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
    • George W. Jenkins, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • October 1Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli violist and composer (d. 1977)
  • October 2
    • Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (d. 2001)
    • Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • October 5Mrs. Miller, American singer (d. 1997)
  • October 6Francisco Gabilondo Soler, (d. 1990)
  • October 9Lord Hailsham, British politician (d. 2001)
  • October 15Varian Fry, American journalist and rescuer (d. 1967)
  • October 19Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader (d. 1962)
  • October 20Arlene Francis, Amcerican actress (d. 2001)
  • October 28John Hewitt, Irish poet (d. 1987)
  • October 30Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)

November–December

File:Lindgren 1960.jpg

Astrid Lindgren

File:Claus von Stauffenberg (1907-1944).jpg

Claus von Stauffenberg

File:Oscar Niemeyer 1968.jpg

Oscar Niemeyer

File:Cab Calloway Gottlieb.jpg

Cab Calloway

Date unknown

  • Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (d. 1973)
  • Bernard Brodie (biochemist), English-American chemist and "founder of modern pharmacology" (d. 1989)
  • probableSultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, King of Malaysia (d. 1979)

Deaths

January–June

File:DIMendeleevCab.jpg

Dmitri Mendeleev

File:Henri Moissan HiRes.jpg

Henri Moissan

  • January 13Jakob Hurt, Estonian folklorist, theologian, and linguist (b. 1839)
  • January 14Hermann Iseke, German doctor (b. 1856)
  • January 21
    • Bertram Fletcher Robinson, English journalist, editor and author (b. 1870)
    • Graziadio Isaia Ascoli, Italian linguist (b. 1829)
  • January 31Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
  • February 2Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
  • February 16
    • Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1835)
    • Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of King Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1817)
  • February 17Henry Steel Olcott, American officer and theosophist (b. 1832)
  • February 20Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1852)
  • February 26C. W. Alcock, English footballer, journalist, and football promoter (b. 1842)
  • March 9Frederic George Stephens, English art critic (b. 1828)
  • March 10George Douglas-Pennant, 2nd Baron Penrhyn, industrialist (b. 1836)
  • March 11Jean Casimir-Perier, President of France (b. 1847)
  • March 18Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (b. 1837)
  • March 19
    • Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (b. 1836)
    • Mariano Baptista, former President of Bolivia (b. 1832)
  • March 23Konstantin Pobedonostsev, statesman (b. 1827)
  • March 25Ernst von Bergmann, Baltic German surgeon (b. 1836)
  • April 14Frank Manly Thorn, American lawyer, politician, government official, essayist, journalist, humorist, and inventor, sixth Superintendent of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (b. 1836)
  • April 23Alferd Packer, American cannibal (b. 1842)
  • May 4John Watts de Peyster, American author, philanthropist, and soldier (b. 1821)
  • May 6Emanuele Luigi Galizia, Maltese architect and civil engineer (b. 1830)
  • May 12Joris-Karl Huysmans, French author (b. 1848)
  • May 19 – Sir Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer (b. 1840)
  • May 26Ida Saxton McKinley, First Lady of the United States (b. 1847)
  • May 27Kevork Chavush, Armenian National Hero. (b. 1870)
  • June 6J. A. Chatwin, English architect (b. 1830)
  • June 14
    • Bartolomé Masó, Cuban patriot (b. 1830)
    • William Le Baron Jenney, American architect and engineer (b. 1832)
  • June 25John Hall, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1824)

July–December

File:Sully Prudhomme, René-François-Armand, BNF Gallica.jpg

Sully Prudhomme

File:Lord Kelvin photograph.jpg

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

File:King Oscar II of Sweden in uniform.png

King Oscar II of Sweden

  • July 13Heinrich Kreutz, astronomer (b. 1854)
  • August – Dinqinesh Mercha, empress consort of Ethiopia (b. 1815)
  • August 3Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish-American Beaux-Arts sculptor (b. 1848)
  • August 15Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (b. 1831)
  • August 25Mary Elizabeth Coleridge, British poet and novelist (b. 1861)
  • August 30Richard Mansfield, Anglo-American actor (b. 1857)
  • September 4Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (b. 1843)
  • September 6Sully Prudhomme, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1839)
  • September 9Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • September 12Ilia Chavchavadze, Georgian writer and saint of the Georgian Orthodox Church (b. 1837)
  • September 19Jacob Morenga, Namibian rebel leader (b. c. 1875)
  • September 22Wilbur Olin Atwater, American chemist (b. c. 1844)
  • October 10Adolf Furtwängler, German archaeologist and historian (b. 1853)
  • November 1Alfred Jarry, French writer (b. 1873)
  • November 6James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
  • November 16Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (b. 1848)
  • November 21Paula Modersohn-Becker, German painter (b. 1876)
  • November 25Ludvig Mylius-Erichsen, Danish explorer (b. 1872)
  • November 28Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish writer, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
  • December 4Luis Sáenz Peña, 12th President of Argentina (b. 1822)
  • December 8 – King Oscar II of Sweden (b. 1829)
  • December 15Carola of Vasa, queen consort of Saxony (b. 1833)
  • December 17Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist and engineer (b. 1824)
  • December 21Klara Hitler, Austrian mother of Adolf Hitler (b. 1860)
  • December 23Pierre Janssen, French astronomer (b. 1824)
  • December 31Jules de Trooz, Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1857)

Nobel Prizes

References

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  2. The Hungarian university sports federation is 100 years old.
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  • International Year Book: 1907 (1908) 1002pp, worldwide coverage online edition