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1906 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January–February

  • January 12Persian Constitutional Revolution: a nationalistic coalition of merchants, religious leaders and intellectuals in Persia forces the shah to grant a constitution and establish a national assembly, the Majlis.
  • January 16April 7Algeciras Conference to resolve the First Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany.
  • January 22 – The Template:SS strikes a reef off Vancouver Island, Canada, killing over 100 (officially 136) in the ensuing disaster.
  • January 31Ecuador–Colombia earthquake (8.8 on the Moment magnitude scale) and associated tsunami.
  • February 10Template:HMS is launched and sparks the naval race between Britain and Germany.
  • February 11Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer Nos denouncing the 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State.
  • February 11 – Two British £1-per-head tax collectors are killed near Richmond, Natal, sparking the Bambatha Rebellion.[1]
File:EcuadorLocation.png

January 31: Ecuador earthquake (8.6).

March–April

  • March 10Courrières mine disaster: an explosion in a coal mine in France kills 1,060.
  • March 18 – In France, Romanian inventor Traian Vuia becomes the first person to achieve an unassisted takeoff in a heavier-than-air powered monoplane, but it is incapable of sustained flight.
  • April 7Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • April 14 – The Azusa Street Revival, the primary catalyst for the revival of Pentecostalism this century, opens in Los Angeles.
  • April 18San Francisco earthquake (estimated magnitude 7.8) on the San Andreas Fault destroys much of San Francisco, California, USA, killing at least 3,000, with 225,000–300,000 left homeless, and $350 million in damages.
  • April 23 – In Tsarist Russia, the Fundamental Laws are announced at the first state Duma.
File:San francisco 1906 earthquake.jpg

The ruins of San Francisco following the April 18 earthquake and later fires

May–June

  • May – Jack London's novel White Fang begins serialization in the American magazine Outing.
  • May 29Karl Staaff steps down as Prime Minister of Sweden over the issue of expanded voting rights. He is replaced by the right-wing naval officer and public official, Arvid Lindman .
  • June 7Cunard liner Template:RMS is launched in Glasgow as the world's largest ship.

July–August

  • July 1Sporting Lisbon, as well known football club in Portugal, founded.Template:Citation need
  • July 6 – The Second Geneva Convention meets.
  • July 12Alfred Dreyfus is exonerated. He is reinstalled in the French Army on July 21, thus ending the Dreyfus affair.
  • August 4 – The first Imperial German Navy submarine, U-1, is launched.
  • August 16 – A magnitude 8.2 earthquake in Valparaíso, Chile leaves approximately 20,000 dead.
  • August 22 – The first Victor Victrola, a phonographic record player, is manufactured.
  • August 23 – Unable to control a rebellion Cuban President Tomás Estrada Palma requests United States intervention. The subsequent provisional occupation administration lasts until 1909.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".

September–October

  • September 11Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • September 18 – A typhoon and tsunami kill an estimated 10,000 in Hong Kong.[2]
  • September 30 – The first Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning is held, starting in Paris. The winning team, piloting the balloon United States, lands in Fylingdales, Yorkshire, England.
  • October 1 – The Grand Duchy of Finland becomes the first nation to include the right of women to stand as candidates when it adopts universal suffrage.
  • October 6 – The Majlis of Iran convenes for the first time.
  • October 11 – A United States diplomatic crisis with Japan arises when the San Francisco public school board orders Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
  • October 16 – Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer and takes over the city hall in Köpenick for a short time.
  • October 23 – An aeroplane of Alberto Santos-Dumont takes off at Bagatelle in France and flies 60 meters (200 feet). This is the first officially recorded powered flight in Europe.
  • October 28 – The Union Minière du Haut Katanga, a Belgian mining trust, is created in the Congo.

November–December

  • November 3SOS becomes an international distress signal.
  • November 22 – Russian Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin introduces agrarian reforms aimed at creating a large class of land-owning peasants.
  • December 4Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity forms at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. The first Black Greek-lettered collegiate order of its kind.
  • December 24Reginald Fessenden makes the first radio broadcast: a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech.
  • December 26 – The world's first feature film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, is released.

Date unknown

  • The Bacillus Calmette–Guérin immunization for tuberculosis is first developed.
  • Richard Oldham argues that the Earth has a molten interior.
  • Construction begins on the current Great Mosque of Djenné.
  • The Simplo Filler Pen company is founded, later to become the Montblanc company.

Births

January–February

File:Aisin-Gioro Puyi 01.jpg

Puyi, Last Emperor of China

March–April

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Samuel Beckett

  • March 1Phạm Văn Đồng, Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2000)
  • March 6Lou Costello, American actor (d. 1959)
  • March 7Elmar Lipping, Estonian statesman and soldier (d. 1994)
  • March 8Victor Hasselblad, Swedish inventor and photographer (d. 1978)
  • March 12Yin Shun, Chinese Buddhist master (d. 2005)
  • March 16Francisco Ayala, Spanish writer (d. 2009)
  • March 17Brigitte Helm, German film actress (d. 1996)
  • March 19
    • Adolf Eichmann, German war criminal (d. 1962)
    • Roy Roberts, American actor (d. 1975)
  • March 21Jim Thompson, American businessman (disappeared 1967)
  • March 25A. J. P. Taylor, English historian (d. 1990)
  • March 26
    • Rafael Méndez, Mexican trumpet player (d. 1981)
    • Ronald Urquhart, British general (d. 1968)
  • March 31Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • April 1Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev, Russian engineer and airplane designer (d. 1989)
  • April 4Bea Benaderet, American actress (d. 1968)
  • April 6Luis Alberti, Dominican Republic musician (d. 1976)
  • April 9Antal Doráti, Hungarian conductor (d. 1988)
  • April 13Samuel Beckett, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
  • April 22Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
  • April 24William Joyce, Irish-American World War II Nazi propaganda broadcaster ("Lord Haw-Haw") (d. 1946)
  • April 25
    • Joel Brand, Hungarian rescue worker (d. 1964)
    • William J. Brennan Jr., Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1997)
    • A. W. Haydon, American inventor (d. 1982)
  • April 28
    • Kurt Gödel, Austrian logician, mathematician, and philosopher of mathematics (d. 1978)
    • Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor (d. 1999)

May–June

File:Rossellini+gatta.jpg

Roberto Rossellini

File:Ernst Boris Chain 1945.jpg

Ernst Boris Chain

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Josephine Baker

File:Maria Goeppert-Mayer.jpg

Maria Goeppert-Mayer

  • May 2Philippe Halsman, Latvian-born American photographer (d. 1979)
  • May 3Mary Astor, American actress and writer (d. 1987)
  • May 6André Weil, French mathematician (d. 1998)
  • May 7Jon Lormer, American actor (d. 1986)
  • May 8Roberto Rossellini, Italian director (d. 1977)
  • May 11
    • Jacqueline Cochran, American aviator (d. 1980)
    • Richard Arvine Overton, oldest surviving American veteran (World War II)
    • Ethel Weed, American promoter of Japanese women's rights (d. 1975)
  • May 15Humberto Delgado, Portuguese general and politician (d. 1965)
  • May 16Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (d. 2001)
  • May 19
    • Bruce Bennett, American athlete and actor (d. 2007)
    • Jimmy MacDonald, Scottish-American sound effects artist, voice actor (d. 1991)
  • May 20Giuseppe Siri, Italilan Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
  • May 23Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer (d. 1944)
  • May 27Buddhadasa, Buddhist monk (d. 1993)
  • May 29T. H. White, British writer (d. 1964)
  • May 30Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • June 3Josephine Baker, American-born French entertainer (d. 1975)
  • June 4Ivan Knunyants, Soviet chemist (d. 1990)
  • June 6Max August Zorn, German-born American mathematician (d. 1993)
  • June 12Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
  • June 15Léon Degrelle, Belgian fascist (d. 1994)
  • June 17James H. Flatley, American admiral and aviator (d. 1958)
  • June 19Ernst Boris Chain, German-born British biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • June 22
    • Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (d. 2001)
    • Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American screenwriter, film director and producer (d. 2002)
  • June 24Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
  • June 28Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)

July–August

File:Hans Bethe.jpg

Hans Bethe

  • July 2Hans Bethe, German-born American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • July 3George Sanders, British actor (d. 1972)
  • July 6Juan Salvador Rizzo, Argentinian football player
  • July 7
    • William Feller, Croatian-born mathematician (d. 1970)
    • Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • July 11Herbert Wehner, German politician (d. 1990)
  • July 12Pietro Tordi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
  • July 23Vladimir Prelog, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • August 5
    • Joan Hickson, British actress (d. 1998)
    • Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • August 14Horst P. Horst, German photographer (d. 1999)
  • August 17Marcelo Caetano, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980)
  • August 19Philo Farnsworth, American inventor (d. 1971)
  • August 21Friz Freleng, American cartoon director (d. 1995)
  • August 26Albert Sabin, Polish-American medical researcher (d. 1993)
  • August 27Ed Gein, American serial killer (d. 1984)
  • August 28John Betjeman, English poet (d. 1984)
  • August 30Joan Blondell, American actress (d. 1979)
File:Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg

Joaquín Balaguer

September

File:Max Delbruck.jpg

Max Delbrück

  • September 1
    • Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican politician and writer (d. 2002)
    • Franz Biebl, German composer (d. 2001)
    • Eleanor Burford, English writer (d. 1993)
  • September 2Barbara Jo Allen, American actress (d. 1974)
  • September 4Max Delbrück, German biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1981)
  • September 6Luis Federico Leloir, French-born Argentine chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • September 8Andrei Kirilenko, Soviet politician (d. 1990)
  • September 12Lee Erwin, television writer (d. 1972)
  • September 17Junius Richard Jayewardene, President of Sri Lanka (d. 1996)
  • September 25
    • José Figueres Ferrer, President of Costa Rica (d. 1990)
    • Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (d. 1975)
  • September 27William Empson, English poet and critic (d. 1984)

October

File:Janet Gaynor - Sunrise (1927).jpg

Janet Gaynor

File:Léopold Sédar Senghor.jpg

Léopold Sédar Senghor

  • October 6Janet Gaynor, American Academy Award winning actress (d. 1984)
  • October 9Léopold Sédar Senghor, President of Senegal (d. 2001)
  • October 10Rasipuram Krishnaswamy Narayan, Indian novelist (d. 2001)
  • October 14
    • Imam Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
    • Hannah Arendt, German political theorist (d. 1975)
  • October 23Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • October 24Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, Austrian painter (d. 1996)
  • October 26Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (d. 1967)
  • October 27Kazuo Ohno, Japanese dancer (d. 2010)
  • October 29Fredric Brown, American writer (d. 1972)

November–December

File:Luchino Visconti 1972.jpg

Luchino Visconti

File:Louise Brooks - 1928.jpg

Louise Brooks

File:Leonid Brežněv (Bundesarchiv).jpg

Leonid Brezhnev

  • November 2Luchino Visconti, Italian theatre and cinema director and writer (d. 1976)
  • November 5
    • George Philip Bradley "Pip" Roberts, British general (d. 1997)
    • Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)
  • November 9Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer (d. 1996)
  • November 10Josef Kramer, German Nazi concentration camp commandant (d. 1945)
  • November 13Hermione Baddeley, English character actress (d. 1986)
  • November 14Louise Brooks, American actress (d. 1985)
  • November 15Curtis LeMay, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • November 16Henri Charrière, French author (d. 1973)
  • November 17Soichiro Honda, Japanese industrialist (d. 1991)
  • November 18
    • Alec Issigonis, Greek-born British automobile designer (d. 1988)
    • Klaus Mann, German writer (d. 1949)
    • George Wald, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • December 2Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-born American engineer (d. 1977)
  • December 5Ahn Eak-tai, Korean composer (d. 1965)
  • December 9Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and naval officer (d. 1992)
  • December 13
    • Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (d. 1968)
    • Laurens van der Post, South African author and journalist (d. 1996)
  • December 19Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet leader (d. 1982)
  • December 24James Hadley Chase, English writer (d. 1985)
  • December 25Ernst Ruska, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • December 26Imperio Argentina, Argentinian singer and actress (d. 2003)
  • December 27Oscar Levant, American pianist, composer, author, comedian, and actor (d. 1972)

Deaths

January–June

File:BartolomeMitre.jpg

Bartolome Mitre

File:Pierre Curie by Dujardin c1906.jpg

Pierre Curie

File:Christian IX af Henrik Olrik.jpg

King Christian IX of Denmark

File:Manuel A Quintana.jpg

Manuel Quintana

  • January 6William Forbes Gatacre, British general (b. 1843)
  • January 19Bartolomé Mitre, Argentine statesman, military figure, and author, 6th President of Argentina (b. 1821)
  • January 25Joseph Wheeler, American general and politician (b. 1836)
  • January 29 – King Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1818)
  • February 13Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter (b. 1866)
  • February 27Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer, physicist, and aeronautics pioneer (b. 1834)
  • March 1José María de Pereda, Spanish writer (b. 1833)
  • March 4John Schofield, American general (b. 1831)
  • March 8Henry Baker Tristram, English clergyman, and ornithologist (b. 1822)
  • March 12Manuel Quintana, 15th President of the Argentina (b. 1835)
  • March 13
    • Susan B. Anthony, American civil rights and women's suffrage activist (b. 1820)
    • Joseph Monier, French gardener and inventor (b. 1823)
  • March 19Victor Fatio, Swiss zoologist (b. 1838)
  • March 23Thomas Lake Harris, American poet (b. 1823)
  • March 29
    • Slava Raškaj, Croatian painter (b. 1877)
    • Albert Sorel, French historian (b. 1842)
  • April 6Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (b. 1849)
  • April 19
    • Pierre Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
    • Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (b. 1850)
  • April 25John Knowles Paine, American composer (b. 1839)
  • May 14Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and American statesman (b. 1829)
  • May 23Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (b. 1828)
  • May ?Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1825)
  • June 5Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • June 17Harry Nelson Pillsbury, American chess champion (b. 1872)
  • June 25Stanford White, American architect (b. 1853)

July–December

File:Retrato de Carlos Pellegrini.jpg

Carlos Pellegrini

File:Aniceto Arce.jpg

Aniceto Arce

File:Paul cezanne 1861.jpg

Paul Cézanne

File:ArchdukeOttoof Austria.jpg

Otto Franz of Austria

File:Todor Burmov.jpg

Todor Burmov

File:Veronica of the Passion (1823-1906).png

Blessed Veronica of the Passion

  • July 1Manuel García, Spanish opera singer, music educator and vocal pedagogue (b. 1805)
  • July 17Carlos Pellegrini, 11th President of Argentina (b. 1846)
  • August 14Aniceto Arce, 27th President of Bolivia (b. 1824)
  • September 1Giuseppe Giacosa, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1847)
  • September 5Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1854)
  • September 23August Bondeson, Swedish author (b. 1844)
  • October 9Adelaide Ristori, Italian actress (b. 1822)
  • October 16Varina Davis, First Lady of the Confederate States of America (b. 1826)
  • October 22Paul Cézanne, French painter (b. 1839)
  • October 23Vladimir Stasov, Russian music critic (b. 1824)
  • November 1 – Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (b. 1865)
  • November 7Todor Burmov, 1st Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1834)
  • November 12William R. Shafter, American general (b. 1835)
  • November 16Mother Veronica of the Passion, Ottoman-born religious leader (b. 1823)
  • November 28Jennie Yeamans, Australian born American actress (b. 1862)
  • November 30Edward James Reed, British naval architect, author, politician, and railroad magnate (b. 1830)
  • December 7Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist and activist, Nobel laureate (b. 1833)
  • December 8Sylvia Gerrish, American musical theatre star (b. 1860)
  • December 13Jan Gerard Palm, Dutch composer (b. 1831)
  • December 30Josephine Butler, British feminist and social reformer (b. 1828)

Nobel Prizes

References

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, comprehensive guide to political events worldwide; emphasis on Britain