Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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1905 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1905
Ab urbe condita2658
Armenian calendar1354
Assyrian calendar6655
Bahá'í calendar61–62
Balinese saka calendar1826–1827
Bengali calendar1312
Berber calendar2855
British Regnal yearEdw. 7 – 5 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar2449
Burmese calendar1267
Byzantine calendar7413–7414
Chinese calendar甲辰(Wood Dragon)
4601 or 4541
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4602 or 4542
Coptic calendar1621–1622
Discordian calendar3071
Ethiopian calendar1897–1898
Hebrew calendar5665–5666
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1961–1962
 - Shaka Samvat1826–1827
 - Kali Yuga5005–5006
Holocene calendar11905
Igbo calendar905–906
Iranian calendar1283–1284
Islamic calendar1322–1323
Japanese calendarMeiji 38
Javanese calendar1834–1835
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4238
Minguo calendar7 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar437
Thai solar calendar2447–2448
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
2031 or 1650 or 878
    — to —
(female Wood-Snake)
2032 or 1651 or 879

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the , the 5th year of the , and the 6th year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar. (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled "The Year 1905" to commemorate this.) Canada and the U.S. expanded west, with the Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces and the founding of Las Vegas. 1905 is also the annus mirabilis of Albert Einstein, who published papers which lay the foundations for quantum physics, introduced the special theory of relativity, explained Brownian motion, and established mass–energy equivalence.

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File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S01260, St. Petersburg, Militär vor Winterpalast.jpg

The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators, at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg.

  • January 1 – The Trans-Siberian Railway officially opens after its completion on July 21, 1904.
  • January 2Russo-Japanese War: The Russian Army surrenders at Port Arthur in Qing dynasty China.
  • January 5 – The play The Scarlet Pimpernel opens at the New Theatre in London and begins a run of 122 performances and numerous revivals.
  • January 22 (January 9 O.S.) – The Bloody Sunday massacre of peaceful Russian demonstrators led by Russian Orthodox priest Father Gapon at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg helps trigger the abortive Revolution of 1905.
  • January 26
    • (January 13 O.S.) Russian Revolution of 1905: The Imperial Russian Army opens fire on demonstrators in Riga, Governorate of Livonia, killing 73 and injuring 200 people.
    • The Cullinan Diamond is found near Pretoria, South Africa, at the Premier Mine.


  • February 12 – In Christchurch, New Zealand, the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament is opened.
  • February 16 – At Haulbowline Base in Ireland, two explosions on board HM Submarine A5, due to gasoline fumes after refueling, kill six of the eleven crew.
  • February 17 – At Fremantle, the R.M.S. Orizaba is wrecked, but all 160 passengers and the mail are saved.
  • February 20Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Mukden begins in Manchuria.
  • February 23Rotary International is founded.


File:Tauride duma.jpg

March 3: Nicholas II creates the Duma.

  • March 1 – Australian Conservative leader Richard Butler takes office as Premier of South Australia.
  • March 3 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).
  • March 4Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in for a full term as President of the United States.
  • March 5Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden after losing 100,000 troops in 3 days.
  • March 10
    • Russo-Japanese War: The Japanese capture of Mukden (now Shenyang) completes the rout of Russian armies in Manchuria.
    • Cassie Chadwick is sentenced for 14 years in Cleveland, Ohio for fraud.
    • Chelsea F.C. is founded in London.
  • March 13Mata Hari introduces her exotic dance act in Paris.
  • March 17Albert Einstein publishes his paper "On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light", in which he explains the photoelectric effect using the notion of light quanta.
  • March 20Grover Shoe Factory disaster: A boiler explosion, building collapse and fire in Brockton, Massachusetts kills 58.
  • March 23Theriso revolt breaks out on Crete when about 1,500 men led by Eleftherios Venizelos meet at the village of Theriso to challenge the island's authoritarian government and press for its unification with Greece.
  • March 31Wilhelm II, German Emperor asserts German equality with France in Morocco, triggering the Tangier or First Moroccan Crisis.


  • April – Albert Einstein works on the special theory of relativity as well as the theory of Brownian motion.
  • April 1Penny Post established between the United Kingdom and Australia.[1]
  • April 2 – The Simplon Tunnel is officially opened through the Alps.
  • April 3Boca Junior, as well known for football club of Argentina, founded in Buenos Aires. Template:Fix
  • April 4 – In India, the 1905 Kangra earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, McLeod Ganj and Dharamsala.
  • April 6Lochner v. New York: The Supreme Court of the United States invalidates New York's 8-hour-day law.
  • April 14 – Erik Gustaf Boström resigns as the Prime Minister of Sweden, over the issue of the Swedish-Norwegian Union. His Minister without Portfolio, Johan Ramstedt, becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden.



May 15: Las Vegas is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km2)

  • May 11Albert Einstein submits his doctoral dissertation "On the Motion of Small Particles...", in which he explains Brownian motion. In the course of the year, Einstein publishes four papers, formulates the theory of special relativity and explains the photoelectric effect by quantization. 1905 is regarded as his "miracle year".
  • May 15Las Vegas is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later becomes downtown, are auctioned off.
  • May 17Kappa Delta Rho is founded in room 14 of Old Painter Hall at Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont.
  • May 27May 28Russo-Japanese WarBattle of Tsushima: The Japanese fleet under Admiral Heihachiro Togo destroys the Russian fleet under Admiral Zinovi Petrovich Rozhdestvenski in a 2-day battle.
File:Einstein patentoffice.jpg

May 11: Einstein submits his dissertation.


  • June 7 – The Norwegian Parliament declares the union with Sweden dissolved, and Norway achieves full independence.
  • June 9 – The Charlton Athletic F.C. is founded.
  • June 15Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Skåne (Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden).
  • June 27 – (June 14 in the Julian calendar): Mutiny breaks out on the Russian ironclad Potemkin.
  • June 29The Automobile Association is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • June 30Albert Einstein publishes the article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" where he reveals his theory of special relativity.


  • July 22Taft–Katsura Secret Agreement.
  • July 23Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.


  • August 2 – The businessman and right-wing politician Christian Lundeberg becomes Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • August 12Leopold II of Belgium opens the Antwerpen-Centraal railway station.
  • August 12 – First running of the Shelsley Walsh Speed Hill Climb, the world's oldest motorsport event to have been staged continuously on its original course
  • August 25 – The Ancient Order of Druids initiate neo-Druidic rituals at Stonehenge in England.
  • AugustPablo Valencia gets lost in the Sonoran Desert with no water.


  • September 1 – The Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are established from the southwestern part of the Northwest Territories.
  • September 5Russo-Japanese WarTreaty of Portsmouth: In New Hampshire, a treaty mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is signed by victor Japan and Russia. Russia cedes the island of Sakhalin and port and rail rights in Manchuria to Japan.
  • September 8 – The 7.2 Mw Calabria earthquake shakes Southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 557 and 2,500 people.
  • September 27Albert Einstein submits his paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?" in which he develops an argument for the famous equation E = mc2.


File:HMS Dreadnought 1906 H61017.jpg

October 2: HMS Dreadnought

  • October – Fauvist artists, led by Henri Matisse and André Derain, first exhibit, at the Salon d'Automne in Paris.
  • October 2HMS Dreadnought is laid down in the United Kingdom, revolutionizing battleship design and triggering a naval arms race.
  • October 5 – The Wright brothers' third aeroplane (Wright Flyer III) stays in the air for 39 minutes with Wilbur piloting, the first aeroplane flight lasting over half an hour.
  • October 16 – The Partition of Bengal is made by Lord Curzon to separate the region of Bengal by Muslim and Hindu territories, until its reunification in 1911.
  • October 20Galatasaray S.K. sports and Association football club is founded in Istanbul.
  • October 26Sweden agrees to the repeal of the union with Norway.
  • October 29
    • (October 16 Old Style) Russian Revolution of 1905: The Imperial Russian Army opens fire on a meeting at a street market in Tallinn, Governorate of Estonia, killing 94 and injuring over 200 people.
    • (October 16 Old Style) The Circum-Baikal Railway is brought into permanent operation, completing through rail communication on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
  • October 30
    • (October 17 Old Style) – October Manifesto: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is forced to announce the granting of his country's first constitution (the Russian Constitution of 1906), conceding a national assembly (State Duma) with limited powers.
    • Turkish professional sports society club, Galatasaray founded in Istanbul.Template:Fix


  • November 4 – The application of the infamous February Manifesto, removing the veto of the Diet of the autonomous Grand Principality of Finland over matters considered by the Emperor to concern Russian imperial interests, is interrupted by the new November Manifesto. The Senate of Finland is ordered to put forward a proposal for parliamentary reform based on unicameralism and universal and equal suffrage.
  • November 7 – The lawyer and liberal politician Karl Staaff becomes Prime Minister of Sweden, after an Riksdag election based mainly on voting rights reform.
  • November 9 – The Province of Alberta, Canada, holds its first general election.
  • November 17Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 ("Eulsa Treaty") effectively makes Korea a protectorate of Japan.
  • November 18 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • November 27 – Moravian Copromise.
  • November 28 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin in Dublin as a political party whose goal is independence for all of Ireland.
  • November-DecemberRussian Revolution of 1905: In the Baltic governorates, workers and peasants burn and loot hundreds of Baltic German manors. The punitive Imperial Russian Army thereafter executes and deports thousands of looters.


  • December 718Moscow Uprising, led mainly by Bolsheviks and suppressed by the army.
  • December 91905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State is passed, enacting laïcité.
  • December 11 – In support of the Moscow Uprising, the Council of Workers' Deputies of Kiev stages a mass uprising, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in the city, December 1216.
  • December 30
    • A bomb kills Frank Steunenberg, ex-governor of Idaho; the case leads to a trial against leaders of the Western Federation of Miners.
    • First performance of Franz Lehár's operetta The Merry Widow, at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna.

Date unknown

  • Non-aboriginal women are given the vote and admitted to the practice of law in Queensland.
  • Workers' compensation is introduced in Queensland.
  • The title Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is officially recognized by Edward VII.
  • Pathé Frères colors black and white films by machine.
  • Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer are banned from the Brooklyn Public Library for setting a "bad example."
  • Alfred Einhorn introduces novocaine.
  • Wolves become extinct in Japan.
  • Civil service examinations are abolished in Qing dynasty China.
  • Germany insists on an international conference on the Moroccan question.
  • Max Weber publishes Die Protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus.



File:Stamps of Romania, 2005-002.jpg

Christian Dior

  • January 1Malek Bennabi, Algerian philosopher (d. 1973)
  • January 2Michael Tippett, English composer (d. 1998)
  • January 3
    • Anna May Wong, American actress (d. 1961)
    • Prince Takamatsu, Younger brother of Hirohito (d. 1987)
  • January 4Sterling Holloway, American actor (d. 1992)
  • January 8Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer (d. 1988)
  • January 12
    • James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (d. 1997)
    • Tex Ritter, American actor and singer (d. 1974)
  • January 13Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
  • January 14Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan from 1976-1978 (d.1995)
  • January 15Torin Thatcher, English actor and Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Artillery (d. 1981)
  • January 17Guillermo Stábile, Argentine football player and manager (d. 1966)
  • January 18Joseph Bonanno, American gangster (d. 2002)
  • January 19Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (d. 1991)
  • January 21Christian Dior, French couturier (d. 1957)
  • January 24J. Howard Marshall, American billionaire (d. 1995)
  • January 26
    • Charles Lane, American actor (d. 2007)
    • Maria von Trapp, Austrian singer (d. 1987)
  • January 27Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969)
  • January 29Barnett Newman, American painter (d. 1970)
  • January 31John O'Hara, American writer (d. 1970)



File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2008-0184, Berlin, Berthold Schenk Graf v. Stauffenberg.jpg

Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg

  • March 1Doris Hare, English actress (d. 2000)
  • March 2Geoffrey Grigson, British poet, writer, critic (d. 1985)
  • March 3Marie Glory, French silent-screen actress (d. 2009)
  • March 6Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • March 9Gerard Helders, Dutch politician (d. 2013)
  • March 10Richard Haydn, English comic actor (d. 1985)
  • March 12Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (d. 1982)
  • March 15Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and Nazi opponent (d. 1944)
  • March 16Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress (d. 1977)
  • March 18
    • Thomas Townsend Brown, American inventor (d. 1985)
    • Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
    • Benny Friedman, American football player (d. 1982)
  • March 19
    • Albert Speer, German Nazi official and architect (d. 1981)
    • Joe Rollino, American strongman, weightlifter, and boxer (d. 2010)
  • March 20
    • Jean Galia, French rugby footballer (d. 1949)
    • Vera Panova, Soviet-Russian writer (d. 1973)

Lale Andersen

  • March 23
    • Lale Andersen, German singer (d. 1972)
    • John Randall (physicist), English physicist and biophysicist (d. 1984)
  • March 24Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
  • March 27Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)
  • March 28Marlin Perkins, American zoologist and television host, Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom (d. 1986)
  • March 30
    • Mikio Oda, Japanese athlete (d. 1998)
    • Albert Pierrepoint, British executioner (d. 1992)
  • April 19John Thach, American naval aviator and admiral (d. 1981)
  • April 21Edmund G. Brown, Governor of California (d. 1996)
  • April 25George Nepia, New Zealand Maori rugby player (d. 1986)
  • April 26Raúl Leoni, President of Venezuela, (d. 1972)
  • April 30Sergey Nikolsky, Russian mathematician (d. 2012)


File:Joseph Cotten 1957.JPG

Joseph Cotten

File:Henry Fonda in Jezebel trailer.jpg

Henry Fonda

File:Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG

Jean-Paul Sartre

  • May 3Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (d. 1988)
  • May 5Floyd Gottfredson, American "Mickey Mouse" comic strip cartoonist (d. 1986)
  • May 8Red Nichols, American jazz musician (d. 1965)
  • May 13Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th President of India (d. 1977)
  • May 14
    • Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (d. 1989)
    • Fred Sherman, American actor (d. 1969)
  • May 15Joseph Cotten, American actor (d. 1994)
  • May 16Henry Fonda, American actor, better known for his role in The Grapes of Wrath (d. 1982)
  • May 17Roy Nelson, American cartoonist (d. 1956)
  • May 20Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (d. 1962)
  • May 27Signe Johansson-Engdahl, Swedish Olympic diver (d. 2010)
  • May 28Sada Abe, Japanese actress (d. 1970)
  • May 29Sebastian Shaw, English actor (d. 1994)
  • June 1Robert Newton, English stage and film actor (d. 1956)
  • June 5John Abbott, English actor (d. 1996)
  • June 7James J. Braddock, Irish-American wrestler (d. 1974)
  • June 12Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • June 14Arthur Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • June 19Mildred Natwick, American stage and film actress (d. 1994)
  • June 21Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist (d. 1980)
  • June 23Mary Livingstone, American radio comedian (d. 1983)
  • June 30
    • John Harmon, American actor (d. 1985)
    • Nestor Paiva, American actor (d. 1966)


File:Dag Hammarskjöld.jpg

Dag Hammarskjöld

File:Myrna Loy image 1.png

Myrna Loy

  • July 3Wynne Gibson, American actess (d. 1987)
  • July 4Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer (d. 1991)
  • July 5Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (d. 1935)
  • July 8Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • July 12
    • Edward Bernds, American director (d. 2000)
    • Prince John of the United Kingdom (d. 1919)
  • July 13Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino general (d. 1990)
  • July 15Dorothy Fields, American songwriter (d. 1988)
  • July 22Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • July 23Leopold Engleitner, Austrian Holocaust survivor (d. 2013)
  • July 25Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-born British writer (d. 1994)
  • July 29
    • Clara Bow, American silent film actress (d. 1965)
    • Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish United Nations Secretary-General (d. 1961)
  • July 30Pedro Quartucci, Argentine boxer and actor (d. 1983)
  • August 2Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • August 2
    • Ernst Kals, German submarine commander (d. 1979)
    • Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • August 3Franz König, Austrian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 2004)
  • August 8André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • August 9Leo Genn, English actor (d. 1978)
  • August 11Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • August 16Marian Rejewski, Polish mathematician and cryptologist (d. 1980)
  • August 18Amelia Boynton Robinson, American civil rights activist (d. 2015)
  • August 20
    • Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist and poet (d. 1973)
    • Mikio Naruse, Japanese filmmaker (d. 1969)
  • August 22John Lyng, Norwegian politician, former prime minister (d. 1978)
  • August 23Constant Lambert, British composer (d. 1951)
  • August 24Siaka Stevens, former President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
  • August 25Faustina Kowalska, Polish saint, the Secretary of Divine Mercy (d. 1938)
  • August 29
    • Dhyan Chand, Indian hockey player (d. 1979)
    • Al Taliaferro, Disney comics artist (d. 1969)
  • August 31Dore Schary, American film writer, director, and producer (d. 1980)


File:Greta Garbo02 crop.jpg

Greta Garbo

File:Felix Bloch, Stanford University.jpg

Felix Bloch


Max Schmeling

File:Helen Wills Moody 1932.jpg

Helen Wills Moody


File:Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg

Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford

  • November 1Eric Siday, American bandleader and electronic composer (d. 1976)
  • November 2
    • Isabella Smith Andrews, New Zealand Writer (d. 1990)
    • Georges Schehadé, Lebanese poet and playwright (d. 1989)
  • November 4Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (d. 2007)
  • November 5Sajjad Zaheer, Urdu writer and revolutionary (d. 1973)
  • November 7William Alwyn, English composer (d. 1985)
  • November 9Erika Mann, German author and war correspondent (d. 1969)
  • November 15Mantovani, Italian-born conductor and arranger (d. 1980)
  • November 17Queen Astrid of Belgium (d. 1935)
  • November 19Eleanor Audley, American actress (d. 1991)
  • November 26Bob Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • December 5
    • Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford, British peer, politician and reformer (d. 2001)
    • Otto Preminger, Austrian-born American film director (d. 1986)
  • December 7
    • Gerard Kuiper, Dutch astronomer (d. 1973)
    • Leonard Goldenson, American television executive (d. 1999)
  • December 8Frank Faylen, American movie and television actor (d. 1985)
  • December 11Gilbert Roland, Mexican-born American actor (d. 1994)
  • December 17Simo Häyhä, Finnish sniper (d. 2002)
  • December 19Irving Kahn, American financial analyst and investor (d. 2015)
  • December 21Anthony Powell, British author (d. 2000)
  • December 22Kenneth Rexroth, American poet (d. 1982)
  • December 23Paul Caraway, American general and High Commissioner (d. 1985)
  • December 24Howard Hughes, American millionaire, aviation pioneer and film mogul (d. 1976)
  • December 27Cliff Arquette, American comic (d. 1974)
  • December 31Jule Styne, English-born composer (d. 1994)

Date unknown

  • Reg Bunn, English comic book artist (d. 1971)
  • Gershon Liebman, French rabbi (d. 1997)
  • Lilo Milchsack, born Lisalotte Duden, German promoter of Anglo-German relations (d. 1992)



File:Ernst Abbe.jpg

Ernst Abbe

  • January 6José María Gabriel y Galán, Spanish poet (b. 1870)
  • January 14Ernst Abbe, German physicist (b. 1840)
  • January 19Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • January 27Watson Heston, American cartoonist (b. 1846)


File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R30367, Adolph von Menzel.jpg

Adolph von Menzel

  • February 2Adolf Bastian, German anthropologist (b. 1826)
  • February 4Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (b. 1841)
  • February 5Andrijica Šimić, Croatian hajduk (b. 1833)
  • February 9Adolph von Menzel, German painter (b. 1815)
  • February 12Marcel Schwob, French writer (b. 1867)
  • February 15Lew Wallace, American writer, author of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (b. 1827)
  • February 17Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, (b. 1857)
  • February 20Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain (b. c. 1828)


File:Félix Nadar 1820-1910 portraits Jules Verne (restoration).jpg

Jules Verne

  • March 3Antonio Annetto Caruana, Maltese archaeologist and author (b. 1830)
  • March 6John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • March 15
    • Meyer Guggenheim, Swiss-born patriarch of the Guggenheim family (b. 1828)
    • Amalie Skram, Norwegian author and feminist (b. 1846)
  • March 24Jules Verne, French science fiction author (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea) (b. 1828)
  • March 25Maurice Barrymore, British actor (b. 1849)
  • March 28Huang Zunxian, Chinese poet and writer (b. 1848)


  • April 4Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter and sculptor (b. 1831)
  • April 9Frederic Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, British general (b. 1827)
  • April 18Juan Valera, Spanish writer (b. 1824)
  • April 23Joseph Jefferson, American actor (b. 1829)


File:Francisco Silvela, de Franzen.jpg

Francisco Silvela

  • May 13Sam S. Shubert, American theater owner (b. 1878)
  • May 26Alphonse James de Rothschild, French banker and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • May 29Francisco Silvela, Spanish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1843)


  • June 1Émile Delahaye, French automotive pioneer (b. 1843)
  • June 3James Hudson Taylor, British missionary (b. 1832)
  • June 4Jan Mikulicz-Radecki, Polish-Austrian surgeon (b. 1850)
  • June 7Carl Kellner (mystic), German mystic (b. 1851)
  • June 17Máximo Gómez, Cuban general (b. 1836)
  • June 18
    • Carmine Crocco, Italian brigand (b. 1830)
    • Per Teodor Cleve, Swedish chemist and geologist (b. 1840)
  • June 22Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • June 27Grigory Vakulinchuk, Russian mutineer (b. 1877)


  • July 1John Hay, American diplomat and private secretary to Abraham Lincoln (b. 1838)
  • July 4Élisée Reclus, French geographer (b. 1830)
  • July 8Walter Kittredge, American musician and composer (b. 1834)
  • July 11Muhammad Abduh, Egyptian philosopher and jurist (b. 1849)


  • August 1John Brown, Canadian politician (b. 1841)
  • August 4Walther Flemming, German biologist (b. 1843)
  • August 14Simeon Solomon, British artist (b. 1840)
  • August 31Francesco Tamagno, Italian opera singer (b. 1850)



Rene Goblet

  • September 5Touch the Clouds, Minneconjou chief (b. c. 1838)
  • September 13René Goblet, French politician, 52nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1828)
  • September 14Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Franco-Italian explorer (b. 1852)
  • September 18George MacDonald, Scottish author, poet and Christian minister (b. 1824)
  • September 19Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)


  • October 3José-Maria de Heredia, French poet (b. 1842)
  • October 6Ferdinand von Richthofen, German explorer and geographer (b. 1833)
  • October 13 – Sir Henry Irving, English actor (b. 1838)
  • October 15Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov, Russian general (b. 1830)
  • October 29Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)


  • November 2Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)
  • November 17Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1817)


  • December 5Henry Eckford, British horticulturist (b. 1823)
  • December 9Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb, British scholar and politician (b. 1841)
  • December 12Reimond Stijns, Belgian writer (b. 1850)

Date Unknown

  • Andrzej Jerzy Mniszech, Polish painter (b. 1823)

Nobel Prizes


  1. Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635-1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 20.