Culture Wikia
Advertisement
Culture Wikia

Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
  • '
Years:
  • '
1903 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1903
MCMIII
Ab urbe condita2656
Armenian calendar1352
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԲ
Assyrian calendar6653
Bahá'í calendar59–60
Balinese saka calendar1824–1825
Bengali calendar1310
Berber calendar2853
British Regnal yearEdw. 7 – 3 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar2447
Burmese calendar1265
Byzantine calendar7411–7412
Chinese calendar壬寅(Water Tiger)
4599 or 4539
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4600 or 4540
Coptic calendar1619–1620
Discordian calendar3069
Ethiopian calendar1895–1896
Hebrew calendar5663–5664
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1959–1960
 - Shaka Samvat1824–1825
 - Kali Yuga5003–5004
Holocene calendar11903
Igbo calendar903–904
Iranian calendar1281–1282
Islamic calendar1320–1321
Japanese calendarMeiji 36
(明治36年)
Javanese calendar1832–1833
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4236
Minguo calendar9 before ROC
民前9年
Nanakshahi calendar435
Thai solar calendar2445–2446
Tibetan calendar阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
2029 or 1648 or 876
    — to —
阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
2030 or 1649 or 877

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the , the 3rd year of the , and the 4th year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<templatestyles src="Template:TOC limit/styles.css" />

Events

January

Error: no text specified (help).

File:Edward vii england.jpg

January 1: Edward VII becomes Emperor of India.

File:Old Teddy Bear.jpg

February 15: first teddy bear.

  • January 1Edward VII is proclaimed Emperor of India.
  • January 19 – The first west–east transatlantic radio broadcast is made from the United States to England (the first east–west broadcast having been made in 1901).

February

Error: no text specified (help).

  • February 11 – The Oxnard strike of 1903 becomes the first time in U.S. history that a labor union is formed from members of different races.
  • February 15Morris and Rose Michtom introduce the first teddy bear in the United States.
  • February 17El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico becomes part of the United States National Forest System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve.
  • February 23Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".

March

Error: no text specified (help).

  • March 2 – In New York City, the Martha Washington Hotel, the first hotel exclusively for women, opens.
  • March 3 – The British Admiralty announces plans to build a naval base at Rosyth.
  • March 5 – The Ottoman Empire and the German Empire sign an agreement to build the Constantinople–Baghdad Railway.
  • March 12 – The University of Puerto Rico is founded.
  • March 14 – The Hay–Herrán Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate later rejects the treaty.

April

File:Frank Slide 4-30-1903.jpg

April 29: The Frank Slide occurs

  • April 26Atletico Madrid, as well known for professional football club in Spain, officially founded.Template:Fix
  • April 29 – A 30-million-m3 landslide kills 70-90 in Frank, Alberta.
  • April 29 – A strong earthquake destroys the town of Melazhgerd, Van Province, Armenia. Over 2,000 people killed.[1]

May

  • May 4 – The leading Macedonian Bulgarian revolutionary Gotse Delchev is killed in a skirmish with the Turkish army.
  • May 18 – The port of Burgas, Bulgaria opens.
  • May 22 – The White Star Liner, Template:SS, is launched.
  • May 24 – The Paris–Madrid race for automobiles begins, during which at least eight people are killed.
  • May 29 (O.S.) – In the May coup d'état, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.

June

Error: no text specified (help).

File:AleksandarObrenovic.jpg

June 11: Alexander I

  • June 11Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga are assassinated.
  • June 14 – The town of Heppner, Oregon, is nearly destroyed by a cloud burst that resulted in a flash flood that kills an estimated 238 people.
  • June 27 – 19-year-old American socialite Aida de Acosta becomes the first woman to fly a powered aircraft solo when she pilots Santos-Dumont's motorized dirigible, “No. 9”, from Paris to Château de Bagatelle in France.[2]
File:1903 ford model a.jpg

July 23: 1903 Ford Model A.

July

  • July 1July 19First Tour de France bicycle race, won by Maurice Garin.
  • July 7 – The British take over the Fulani Empire.
  • July 23 – Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first owner of a Ford Model A.
  • July 29 – Explosion of a United States Cartridge Company magazine destroys 70 homes killing 22 residents of Tewksbury, Massachusetts.[3]
  • July 30August 23 (July 17August 10, O.S.) – Second Congress of the All-Russian Social Democratic Labour Party held in exile in Brussels, transferring to London.

August

  • August 2 – The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, organized by the Secret Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization, breaks out in the Ottoman provinces of Macedonia and Adrianople.
  • August 4Pope Pius X succeeds Pope Leo XIII as the 257th pope.
  • August 10Paris Métro train fire takes place.
  • August 25 – The Judiciary Act is passed in the Australian parliament.

September

  • September 11 – The first stock car event is held at the Milwaukee Mile.
  • September 14Joseph Chamberlain resigns as British Colonial Secretary, in order to campaign publicly for Imperial Preference.
  • September 15Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense is founded in Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • September 24Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • September 27 – The Wreck of the Old 97 Fast Mail train at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia kills 11 people and inspires a ballad.[4]
  • September 29Prussia becomes the first locality to require mandatory driver's licenses for operators of motor vehicles.

October

  • October – Frank Nelson Cole proves that 267-1 is composite by factoring it as 193,707,721 * 761,838,257,287 after trying every Sunday for 3 years.
  • October 1 – First modern World Series: The Boston Red Sox defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • October 6 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • October 10 – The Women's Social and Political Union is founded in the UK.

November

File:First flight2.jpg

December 17: The first flight by Orville Wright.

  • November 3 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia.
  • November 13 – The United States recognizes the independence of Panama.
  • November 17 – The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").
  • November 18 – The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • November 23Colorado Governor James Hamilton Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.

December

  • December 16The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel in Bombay opens its doors to guests.
  • December 17Orville Wright flies an aircraft with a petrol engine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the first documented, successful, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight.
  • December 30Iroquois Theatre fire in Chicago kills 600.

Date unknown

  • The Lincoln–Lee Legion is established to promote the American temperance movement and signing of alcohol abstinence pledges by children.
  • The first box of Crayola crayons is made and sold for 5 cents. It contains 8 colors; brown, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet and black.
  • Osea Island off Maldon, Essex, England, is bought by Frederick Nicholas Charrington to provide an addiction treatment centre.
  • Royal Enfield starts making Motor Cycles.
  • Texas State University in San Marcos, TX opens its doors as Southwest Texas Normal School.

Births

January

February

File:Giulio Natta 1960s.jpg

Giulio Natta

File:Tunku abd rahman.jpg

Tunku Abdul Rahman

  • February 2Bartel Leendert van der Waerden, Dutch mathematician (d. 1996)
  • February 3Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nobleman and pioneering aviator (d. 1973)
  • February 4Alexander Imich, American parapsychologist and chemist (d. 2014)
  • February 6Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (d. 1991)
  • February 8
    • Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
    • Tunku Abdul Rahman, first Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
  • February 10
    • Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)
    • Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
  • February 11
    • Rex Lease, American actor (d. 1966)
    • Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
  • February 13Georges Simenon, French writer (d. 1989)
  • February 14Stuart Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)
  • February 16Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
  • February 21
    • Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
    • Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
  • February 22
    • Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer and media personality (d. 1990)
    • Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
    • Frank P. Ramsey, English mathematician (d. 1930)
  • February 24Vladimir Bartol, Slove author (d. 1967)
  • February 26Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • February 27Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
  • February 28Vincente Minnelli, American director (d. 1986)

March

File:Empress Kojun 1956-11-face.jpg

Empress Kojun

File:A. Butenandt 1921.jpg

Adolf Butenandt

  • March 4
    • Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
    • William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
    • Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (d. 1990)
    • John Scarne, American magician and card expert (d. 1985)
  • March 6Empress Kōjun, Empress consort of Japan (d. 2000)
  • March 10
    • Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz musician (d. 1931)
    • Clare Boothe Luce, American publisher and writer (d. 1987)
  • March 11
    • Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (d. 1989)
    • Lawrence Welk, American television musician (d. 1992)
  • March 14Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • March 18Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari, Italian aristocrat and diplomat (d. 1944)
  • March 20Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • March 21Frank Sargeson, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
  • March 24
    • Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
    • Malcolm Muggeridge, English journalist (d. 1990)
  • March 25Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
  • March 27Betty Balfour, English screen actress (d. 1977)
  • March 28Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (d. 1991)
  • March 31H. J. Blackham, British humanist and author (d. 2009)

April

  • April 5Hilda Bruce, British zoologist (d. 1974)
  • April 6
    • Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
    • Doc Edgerton, American electrical engineering (d. 1990)
  • April 12Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • April 9Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and researcher (d. 1967)
  • April 15John Williams, English-born actor (d. 1983)
  • April 17
    • Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
    • Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • April 19Eliot Ness, American treasury agent (d. 1957)
  • April 24José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
  • April 25Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)

May

File:Bing Crosby 1942.jpg

Bing Crosby

File:Bob Hope, 1978.jpg

Bob Hope

  • May 2Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (d. 1998)
  • May 3Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • May 4Luther Adler, American actor (d. 1984)
  • May 6Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
  • May 8Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
  • May 10Hans Jonas, German-born philosopher(d. 1993)
  • May 11Charlie Gehringer, baseball player (d. 1993)
  • May 18Frits Warmolt Went, Dutch botanist (d. 1990)
  • May 24Lofton R. Henderson, American naval aviator, died in the Battle of Midway (d. 1942)
  • May 25Binnie Barnes, English actress (d. 1988)
  • May 29Bob Hope, English-born American comedian and actor (d. 2003)

June

File:Bakht Singh 1959.JPG

Bakht Singh

File:Theo Lingen photo.jpg

Theo Lingen

  • June 1Vasyl Velychkovsky Ukrainian bishop (d. 1973)
  • June 6Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
  • June 6Bakht Singh, Indian evangelist, well-known bible teacher and preacher (d. 2000)
  • June 8Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-French author (d. 1987)
  • June 10Theo Lingen, German actor (d. 1978)
  • June 12Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
  • June 15Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (d. 1945)
  • June 18
    • Jeanette MacDonald, American singer and actress (d. 1965)
    • Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
  • June 19
    • Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
    • Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
  • June 20Eddie Laughton, British-born American film actor (d. 1952)
  • June 21Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (d. 2003)
  • June 22
    • John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
    • Jiro Horikoshi, Japanese aircraft designer (d. 1982)
    • Ben Pollack, American jazz drummer and bandleader (d. 1971)
    • Ben Robertson, American novelist, journalist, and war correspondent (d. 1943)
  • June 23Frances Dewey Wormser, American stage actress, entertainer and vaudeville performer (d. 2008)
  • June 25
    • Pierre Brossolette, French journalist and resistance fighter (d. 1944)
    • George Orwell, English author (d. 1950)
  • June 29Alan Blumlein, British electronics engineer (d. 1942)

July

Template:Double image

August

  • August 3
    • Habib Bourguiba, former President of Tunisia (d. 2000)
    • Fahri Korutürk, former President of Turkey (d. 1987)
  • August 6Virginia Foster Durr, American civil rights activist (d. 1999)
  • August 7
    • Rudolph Ising, cartoon animator (d. 1992)
    • Louis Leakey, British archaeologist (d. 1972)
  • August 13Chubby Johnson, American actor (d. 1974)
  • August 14Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter (d. 1995)
  • August 19James Gould Cozzens, American writer (d. 1978)
  • August 24Graham Sutherland, English artist (d. 1980)
  • August 26Ian Dalrymple, British screenwriter, film director and producer (d. 1989)
  • August 31
    • Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television host (d. 1983)
    • Hugh Harman, cartoon animator (d. 1982)

September

File:Adorno.jpg

Theodor Adorno

File:Claudette Colbert 1931.jpg

Claudette Colbert

  • September 7
    • Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet (d. 1994)
    • Shimaki Kensaku, Japanese author (d. 1945)
    • John Kloza, Polish professional baseball player and manager (d. 1962)
  • September 8Jane Arbor, British writer (d. 1994)
  • September 9
    • Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (d. 1995)
    • Edward Upward, English author (d. 2009)
    • Phyllis Whitney, American mystery writer (d. 2008)
  • September 10Cyril Connolly, English critic and writer (d. 1974)
  • September 11Theodor Adorno, German philosopher (d. 1969)
  • September 13Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
  • September 15Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
  • September 17Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
  • September 21Preston Tucker, American automobile designer (d. 1956)
  • September 22Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • September 25
    • Abul A'la Maududi, Pakistani journalist, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1979)
    • Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
  • September 30Lyle Goodhue, American chemist, inventor and entomologist (d. 1981)

October

November

File:Konrad Lorenz.JPG

Konrad Lorenz

December

Deaths

January–June

File:Galg gem.jpg

Saint Gemma Galgani

File:Josiah Willard Gibbs -from MMS-.jpg

Josiah Willard Gibbs

File:Paul Gauguin 1891.png

Paul Gauguin

File:Apolinario mabini PG.jpg

Apolinario Mabini

File:AlejandroIDeSerbiaEn1900.jpg

King Alexander I of Serbia

  • January 3Alois Hitler, Austrian civil servant, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
  • January 4Alexandr Aksakov, Russian writer (b. 1832)
  • January 5Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Spanish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1825)
  • January 17Quintin Hogg, British philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • January 28
    • Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
    • Robert Planquette, French composer (b. 1850)
  • February 1 – Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Irish mathematician and physicist (b. 1819)
  • February 7James Glaisher, English meteorologist and aeronaut (b. 1809)
  • February 14Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (b. 1831)
  • February 22Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
  • February 26Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (b. 1818)
  • March 4Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
  • March 5Gaston Paris, French scholar (b. 1839)
  • March 13George Granville Bradley, English vicar and scholar (b. 1821)
  • March 16Roy Bean, American pioneer (b. 1825)
  • March 28Émile Baudot, French telegraph engineer (b. 1845)
  • April 4Margaret Ann Neve, supercentenarian (b. 1792)
  • April 11Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and Catholic saint (b. 1878)
  • April 13Moritz Lazarus, German philosopher (b. 1824)
  • April 19Oliver Mowat, Canadian politician (b. 1820)
  • April 28Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physical chemist (b. 1839)
  • April 29Stuart Robson, American stage actor and comedian (b. 1836)
  • May 4Gotse Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1872)
  • May 8Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
  • May 13Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (b.1864)
  • June 9Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish poet (b. 1834)
  • June 11
    • Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
    • Draga Mašin, Serbian queen consort (b. 1861)
    • Alexander I, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • June 19Herbert Vaughan, English Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1832)

July–December

File:Leo XIII.jpg

Pope Leo XIII

File:Robert cecil.jpg

Lord Salisbury

File:T-mommsen-2.jpg

Theodor Mommsen

File:Pissarro-portrait.jpg

Camille Pissarro

  • July 2Ed Delahanty, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1867)
  • July 11William Ernest Henley, English poet, critic, and editor (b. 1849)
  • July 13Béni Kállay, Austro-Hungarian statesman (b. 1839)
  • July 17James McNeill Whistler, American painter (b. 1834)
  • July 20Pope Leo XIII, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1810)
  • August 1Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman (b. 1852)
  • August 5Phil May, English artist (b. 1864)
  • August 8Adolf Schiel, German-born officer in Boer armed forces (b. 1858)
  • August 11Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican philosopher and sociologist (b. 1839)
  • August 17Hans Gude, Norwegian painter (b. 1825)
  • August 22Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1830)
  • August 23Fray Mocho, Argentine writer (b. 1858)
  • September 13Carl Schuch, Austrian painter (b. 1846)
  • September 18Alexander Bain, Scottish philosopher (b. 1818)
  • October 4Otto Weininger, Austrian-Jewish author (b. 1880)
  • October 20Thomas Vincent Welch, American politician (b. 1850)
  • October 22William Edward Hartpole Lecky, Irish historian and member of the House of Commons (b. 1838)
  • November 1Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • November 13Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
  • November 25Sabino Arana, Spanish Basque writer and nationalist (b. 1865)
  • December 8Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (b. 1820)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsAntoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, and Marie Curie
  • ChemistrySvante August Arrhenius
  • MedicineNiels Ryberg Finsen
  • LiteratureBjørnstjerne Bjørnson
  • PeaceWilliam Randal Cremer

References

  1. "2,000 Killed in Earthquake". Harrisburg Daily Independent. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania). May 28, 1903. p. 1.
  2. "Women in Transportation – Changing America's History: Reference Materials" (PDF). United States Department of Transportation. March 1998. p. 10. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  3. "U.S. Cartridge Company" (PDF). Lowell Land Trust. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
  4. Scott, Alfred P. (1965). "Wreck of the Old 97: The Origins of a Modern Traditional Ballad" (pdf). Retrieved November 25, 2011.
  • Gilbert, Martin (1997). "1903". A History of the Twentieth Century, Volume One: 1900-1933. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-688-10064-3.
Advertisement