Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
  • '
Years:
  • '

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1903 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January

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File:Edward vii england.jpg

January 1: Edward VII becomes Emperor of India.

File:Old Teddy Bear.jpg

February 15: first teddy bear.

  • January 1Edward VII is proclaimed Emperor of India.
  • January 19 – The first west–east transatlantic radio broadcast is made from the United States to England (the first east–west broadcast having been made in 1901).

February

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  • February 11 – The Oxnard strike of 1903 becomes the first time in U.S. history that a labor union is formed from members of different races.
  • February 15Morris and Rose Michtom introduce the first teddy bear in the United States.
  • February 17El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico becomes part of the United States National Forest System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve.
  • February 23Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".

March

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  • March 2 – In New York City, the Martha Washington Hotel, the first hotel exclusively for women, opens.
  • March 3 – The British Admiralty announces plans to build a naval base at Rosyth.
  • March 5 – The Ottoman Empire and the German Empire sign an agreement to build the Constantinople–Baghdad Railway.
  • March 12 – The University of Puerto Rico is founded.
  • March 14 – The Hay–Herrán Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate later rejects the treaty.

April

File:Frank Slide 4-30-1903.jpg

April 29: The Frank Slide occurs

  • April 26Atletico Madrid, as well known for professional football club in Spain, officially founded.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • April 29 – A 30-million-m3 landslide kills 70-90 in Frank, Alberta.
  • April 29 – A strong earthquake destroys the town of Melazhgerd, Van Province, Armenia. Over 2,000 people killed.[1]

May

  • May 4 – The leading Macedonian Bulgarian revolutionary Gotse Delchev is killed in a skirmish with the Turkish army.
  • May 18 – The port of Burgas, Bulgaria opens.
  • May 22 – The White Star Liner, Template:SS, is launched.
  • May 24 – The Paris–Madrid race for automobiles begins, during which at least eight people are killed.
  • May 29 (O.S.) – In the May coup d'état, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.

June

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File:AleksandarObrenovic.jpg

June 11: Alexander I

  • June 11Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga are assassinated.
  • June 14 – The town of Heppner, Oregon, is nearly destroyed by a cloud burst that resulted in a flash flood that kills an estimated 238 people.
  • June 27 – 19-year-old American socialite Aida de Acosta becomes the first woman to fly a powered aircraft solo when she pilots Santos-Dumont's motorized dirigible, “No. 9”, from Paris to Château de Bagatelle in France.[2]
File:1903 ford model a.jpg

July 23: 1903 Ford Model A.

July

  • July 1July 19First Tour de France bicycle race, won by Maurice Garin.
  • July 7 – The British take over the Fulani Empire.
  • July 23 – Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first owner of a Ford Model A.
  • July 29 – Explosion of a United States Cartridge Company magazine destroys 70 homes killing 22 residents of Tewksbury, Massachusetts.[3]
  • July 30August 23 (July 17August 10, O.S.) – Second Congress of the All-Russian Social Democratic Labour Party held in exile in Brussels, transferring to London.

August

  • August 2 – The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, organized by the Secret Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization, breaks out in the Ottoman provinces of Macedonia and Adrianople.
  • August 4Pope Pius X succeeds Pope Leo XIII as the 257th pope.
  • August 10Paris Métro train fire takes place.
  • August 25 – The Judiciary Act is passed in the Australian parliament.

September

  • September 11 – The first stock car event is held at the Milwaukee Mile.
  • September 14Joseph Chamberlain resigns as British Colonial Secretary, in order to campaign publicly for Imperial Preference.
  • September 15Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense is founded in Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • September 24Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • September 27 – The Wreck of the Old 97 Fast Mail train at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia kills 11 people and inspires a ballad.[4]
  • September 29Prussia becomes the first locality to require mandatory driver's licenses for operators of motor vehicles.

October

  • October – Frank Nelson Cole proves that 267-1 is composite by factoring it as 193,707,721 * 761,838,257,287 after trying every Sunday for 3 years.
  • October 1 – First modern World Series: The Boston Red Sox defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • October 6 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • October 10 – The Women's Social and Political Union is founded in the UK.

November

File:First flight2.jpg

December 17: The first flight by Orville Wright.

  • November 3 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia.
  • November 13 – The United States recognizes the independence of Panama.
  • November 17 – The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").
  • November 18 – The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • November 23Colorado Governor James Hamilton Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.

December

  • December 16The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel in Bombay opens its doors to guests.
  • December 17Orville Wright flies an aircraft with a petrol engine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the first documented, successful, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight.
  • December 30Iroquois Theatre fire in Chicago kills 600.

Date unknown

  • The Lincoln–Lee Legion is established to promote the American temperance movement and signing of alcohol abstinence pledges by children.
  • The first box of Crayola crayons is made and sold for 5 cents. It contains 8 colors; brown, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet and black.
  • Osea Island off Maldon, Essex, England, is bought by Frederick Nicholas Charrington to provide an addiction treatment centre.
  • Royal Enfield starts making Motor Cycles.
  • Texas State University in San Marcos, TX opens its doors as Southwest Texas Normal School.

Births

January

February

File:Giulio Natta 1960s.jpg

Giulio Natta

File:Tunku abd rahman.jpg

Tunku Abdul Rahman

  • February 2Bartel Leendert van der Waerden, Dutch mathematician (d. 1996)
  • February 3Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nobleman and pioneering aviator (d. 1973)
  • February 4Alexander Imich, American parapsychologist and chemist (d. 2014)
  • February 6Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (d. 1991)
  • February 8
    • Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
    • Tunku Abdul Rahman, first Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
  • February 10
    • Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)
    • Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
  • February 11
    • Rex Lease, American actor (d. 1966)
    • Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
  • February 13Georges Simenon, French writer (d. 1989)
  • February 14Stuart Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)
  • February 16Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
  • February 21
    • Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
    • Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
  • February 22
    • Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer and media personality (d. 1990)
    • Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
    • Frank P. Ramsey, English mathematician (d. 1930)
  • February 24Vladimir Bartol, Slove author (d. 1967)
  • February 26Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • February 27Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
  • February 28Vincente Minnelli, American director (d. 1986)

March

File:Empress Kojun 1956-11-face.jpg

Empress Kojun

File:A. Butenandt 1921.jpg

Adolf Butenandt

  • March 4
    • Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
    • William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
    • Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (d. 1990)
    • John Scarne, American magician and card expert (d. 1985)
  • March 6Empress Kōjun, Empress consort of Japan (d. 2000)
  • March 10
    • Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz musician (d. 1931)
    • Clare Boothe Luce, American publisher and writer (d. 1987)
  • March 11
    • Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (d. 1989)
    • Lawrence Welk, American television musician (d. 1992)
  • March 14Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • March 18Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari, Italian aristocrat and diplomat (d. 1944)
  • March 20Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • March 21Frank Sargeson, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
  • March 24
    • Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
    • Malcolm Muggeridge, English journalist (d. 1990)
  • March 25Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
  • March 27Betty Balfour, English screen actress (d. 1977)
  • March 28Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (d. 1991)
  • March 31H. J. Blackham, British humanist and author (d. 2009)

April

  • April 5Hilda Bruce, British zoologist (d. 1974)
  • April 6
    • Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
    • Doc Edgerton, American electrical engineering (d. 1990)
  • April 12Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • April 9Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and researcher (d. 1967)
  • April 15John Williams, English-born actor (d. 1983)
  • April 17
    • Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
    • Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • April 19Eliot Ness, American treasury agent (d. 1957)
  • April 24José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
  • April 25Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)

May

File:Bing Crosby 1942.jpg

Bing Crosby

File:Bob Hope, 1978.jpg

Bob Hope

  • May 2Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (d. 1998)
  • May 3Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • May 4Luther Adler, American actor (d. 1984)
  • May 6Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
  • May 8Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
  • May 10Hans Jonas, German-born philosopher(d. 1993)
  • May 11Charlie Gehringer, baseball player (d. 1993)
  • May 18Frits Warmolt Went, Dutch botanist (d. 1990)
  • May 24Lofton R. Henderson, American naval aviator, died in the Battle of Midway (d. 1942)
  • May 25Binnie Barnes, English actress (d. 1988)
  • May 29Bob Hope, English-born American comedian and actor (d. 2003)

June

File:Bakht Singh 1959.JPG

Bakht Singh

File:Theo Lingen photo.jpg

Theo Lingen

  • June 1Vasyl Velychkovsky Ukrainian bishop (d. 1973)
  • June 6Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
  • June 6Bakht Singh, Indian evangelist, well-known bible teacher and preacher (d. 2000)
  • June 8Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-French author (d. 1987)
  • June 10Theo Lingen, German actor (d. 1978)
  • June 12Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
  • June 15Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (d. 1945)
  • June 18
    • Jeanette MacDonald, American singer and actress (d. 1965)
    • Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
  • June 19
    • Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
    • Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
  • June 20Eddie Laughton, British-born American film actor (d. 1952)
  • June 21Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (d. 2003)
  • June 22
    • John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
    • Jiro Horikoshi, Japanese aircraft designer (d. 1982)
    • Ben Pollack, American jazz drummer and bandleader (d. 1971)
    • Ben Robertson, American novelist, journalist, and war correspondent (d. 1943)
  • June 23Frances Dewey Wormser, American stage actress, entertainer and vaudeville performer (d. 2008)
  • June 25
    • Pierre Brossolette, French journalist and resistance fighter (d. 1944)
    • George Orwell, English author (d. 1950)
  • June 29Alan Blumlein, British electronics engineer (d. 1942)

July

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August

  • August 3
    • Habib Bourguiba, former President of Tunisia (d. 2000)
    • Fahri Korutürk, former President of Turkey (d. 1987)
  • August 6Virginia Foster Durr, American civil rights activist (d. 1999)
  • August 7
    • Rudolph Ising, cartoon animator (d. 1992)
    • Louis Leakey, British archaeologist (d. 1972)
  • August 13Chubby Johnson, American actor (d. 1974)
  • August 14Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter (d. 1995)
  • August 19James Gould Cozzens, American writer (d. 1978)
  • August 24Graham Sutherland, English artist (d. 1980)
  • August 26Ian Dalrymple, British screenwriter, film director and producer (d. 1989)
  • August 31
    • Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television host (d. 1983)
    • Hugh Harman, cartoon animator (d. 1982)

September

File:Adorno.jpg

Theodor Adorno

File:Claudette Colbert 1931.jpg

Claudette Colbert

  • September 7
    • Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet (d. 1994)
    • Shimaki Kensaku, Japanese author (d. 1945)
    • John Kloza, Polish professional baseball player and manager (d. 1962)
  • September 8Jane Arbor, British writer (d. 1994)
  • September 9
    • Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (d. 1995)
    • Edward Upward, English author (d. 2009)
    • Phyllis Whitney, American mystery writer (d. 2008)
  • September 10Cyril Connolly, English critic and writer (d. 1974)
  • September 11Theodor Adorno, German philosopher (d. 1969)
  • September 13Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
  • September 15Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
  • September 17Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
  • September 21Preston Tucker, American automobile designer (d. 1956)
  • September 22Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • September 25
    • Abul A'la Maududi, Pakistani journalist, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1979)
    • Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
  • September 30Lyle Goodhue, American chemist, inventor and entomologist (d. 1981)

October

November

File:Konrad Lorenz.JPG

Konrad Lorenz

December

Deaths

January–June

File:Galg gem.jpg

Saint Gemma Galgani

File:Josiah Willard Gibbs -from MMS-.jpg

Josiah Willard Gibbs

File:Paul Gauguin 1891.png

Paul Gauguin

File:Apolinario mabini PG.jpg

Apolinario Mabini

File:AlejandroIDeSerbiaEn1900.jpg

King Alexander I of Serbia

  • January 3Alois Hitler, Austrian civil servant, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
  • January 4Alexandr Aksakov, Russian writer (b. 1832)
  • January 5Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Spanish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1825)
  • January 17Quintin Hogg, British philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • January 28
    • Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
    • Robert Planquette, French composer (b. 1850)
  • February 1 – Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Irish mathematician and physicist (b. 1819)
  • February 7James Glaisher, English meteorologist and aeronaut (b. 1809)
  • February 14Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (b. 1831)
  • February 22Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
  • February 26Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (b. 1818)
  • March 4Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
  • March 5Gaston Paris, French scholar (b. 1839)
  • March 13George Granville Bradley, English vicar and scholar (b. 1821)
  • March 16Roy Bean, American pioneer (b. 1825)
  • March 28Émile Baudot, French telegraph engineer (b. 1845)
  • April 4Margaret Ann Neve, supercentenarian (b. 1792)
  • April 11Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and Catholic saint (b. 1878)
  • April 13Moritz Lazarus, German philosopher (b. 1824)
  • April 19Oliver Mowat, Canadian politician (b. 1820)
  • April 28Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physical chemist (b. 1839)
  • April 29Stuart Robson, American stage actor and comedian (b. 1836)
  • May 4Gotse Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1872)
  • May 8Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
  • May 13Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (b.1864)
  • June 9Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish poet (b. 1834)
  • June 11
    • Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
    • Draga Mašin, Serbian queen consort (b. 1861)
    • Alexander I, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • June 19Herbert Vaughan, English Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1832)

July–December

File:Leo XIII.jpg

Pope Leo XIII

File:Robert cecil.jpg

Lord Salisbury

File:T-mommsen-2.jpg

Theodor Mommsen

File:Pissarro-portrait.jpg

Camille Pissarro

  • July 2Ed Delahanty, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1867)
  • July 11William Ernest Henley, English poet, critic, and editor (b. 1849)
  • July 13Béni Kállay, Austro-Hungarian statesman (b. 1839)
  • July 17James McNeill Whistler, American painter (b. 1834)
  • July 20Pope Leo XIII, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1810)
  • August 1Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman (b. 1852)
  • August 5Phil May, English artist (b. 1864)
  • August 8Adolf Schiel, German-born officer in Boer armed forces (b. 1858)
  • August 11Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican philosopher and sociologist (b. 1839)
  • August 17Hans Gude, Norwegian painter (b. 1825)
  • August 22Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1830)
  • August 23Fray Mocho, Argentine writer (b. 1858)
  • September 13Carl Schuch, Austrian painter (b. 1846)
  • September 18Alexander Bain, Scottish philosopher (b. 1818)
  • October 4Otto Weininger, Austrian-Jewish author (b. 1880)
  • October 20Thomas Vincent Welch, American politician (b. 1850)
  • October 22William Edward Hartpole Lecky, Irish historian and member of the House of Commons (b. 1838)
  • November 1Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • November 13Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
  • November 25Sabino Arana, Spanish Basque writer and nationalist (b. 1865)
  • December 8Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (b. 1820)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsAntoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, and Marie Curie
  • ChemistrySvante August Arrhenius
  • MedicineNiels Ryberg Finsen
  • LiteratureBjørnstjerne Bjørnson
  • PeaceWilliam Randal Cremer

References

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