Culture Wikia

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1902 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1902
Ab urbe condita2655
Armenian calendar1351
Assyrian calendar6652
Bahá'í calendar58–59
Balinese saka calendar1823–1824
Bengali calendar1309
Berber calendar2852
British Regnal yearEdw. 7 – 2 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar2446
Burmese calendar1264
Byzantine calendar7410–7411
Chinese calendar辛丑(Metal Ox)
4598 or 4538
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4599 or 4539
Coptic calendar1618–1619
Discordian calendar3068
Ethiopian calendar1894–1895
Hebrew calendar5662–5663
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1958–1959
 - Shaka Samvat1823–1824
 - Kali Yuga5002–5003
Holocene calendar11902
Igbo calendar902–903
Iranian calendar1280–1281
Islamic calendar1319–1320
Japanese calendarMeiji 35
Javanese calendar1831–1832
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4235
Minguo calendar10 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar434
Thai solar calendar2444–2445
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
2028 or 1647 or 875
    — to —
(male Water-Tiger)
2029 or 1648 or 876

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the , the 2nd year of the , and the 3rd year of the decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Main article: January 1902

January 1: first Rose Bowl college American football game.

File:Andrew Carnegie, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left, 1913.jpg

Andrew Carnegie

  • January
    • In France, Alfred Loisy writes L'évangile et l'Eglise, which inaugurates the Modernist Crisis.
    • International Bureau of the American Republics is established.
  • January 1
    • The first college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
    • Nurses Registration Act 1901 comes into effect in New Zealand, making it the first country in the world to require state registration of nurses. On January 10, Ellen Dougherty becomes the world's first registered nurse.
  • January 8 – A train collision in the New York Central Railroad's Park Avenue Tunnel kills 17, injures 38, and leads to increased demand for electric trains and led to the banning of Steam locomotives in New York City.
  • January 12Uddevalla Suffrage Association is officially dissolved.
  • January 23 – A snowstorm at Mount Hakkoda, northern Honshu, Japan, kills 199 during a military training exercise.
  • January 28 – The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, D.C. with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.


Main article: February 1902
  • February 9 – Fire levels 26 city blocks of Jersey City, New Jersey.
  • February 11 – Police and universal suffrage demonstrators are involved in a physical altercation in Brussels.
  • February 15 – The Berlin U-Bahn underground is opened.
  • February 18 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt prosecutes the Northern Securities Company for violation of the Sherman Act.
  • February 27
    • American writer John Steinbeck is born.
    • Australian officers Breaker Morant and Peter Handcock are executed for the murder of Boer prisoners of war near Louis Trichardt.


Main article: March 1902
  • March 6Real Madrid was founded.
  • March 7Second Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
  • March 8Jean Sibelius's Second Symphony was premiered in Helsinki.
  • March 10 – A Circuit Court prevents Thomas Edison from having a monopoly on motion picture technology.


Main article: April 1902
  • April 2Electric Theatre, the first movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles.
  • April 13 – A new car speed record of 74 mph (119 km/h) is set in Nice, France, by Léon Serpollet.
  • April 19 – The 7.5 Mw Guatemala earthquake shakes Guatemala with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing between 800–2,000.


Main article: May 1902
File:Mount Pelée 1902.jpg

May 8: Mount Pelée erupts.

  • May 5 – The Commonwealth Public Service Act creates Australia's Public Service.
  • May 7 – In Saint Vincent, La Soufrière erupts, devastating the northern portion of the island, killing 2,000 people
  • May 8 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000.
  • May 13Alfonso XIII of Spain begins his reign.
  • May 20Cuba gains independence from the United States.
  • May 29Lord Rosebery opens London School of Economics.
  • May 31 – The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Second Boer War.
File:Gilmore plane drawing.png

May 15: Lyman Gilmore plane.


Main article: June 1902
  • June 2 – The Anthracite Coal Strike begins in the United States.
  • June 15 – The New York Central Railroad inaugurates the 20th Century Limited passenger train between Chicago and New York City.
  • June 16 – Australia: Female British subjects (with the exception of Asians, Aborigines and Africans) win the vote with the Uniform Franchise Act.
  • June 17Norwich City Football Club is formed.
  • June 26Edward VII institutes the Order of Merit.


Main article: July 1902
  • July 5Erik Gustaf Boström returns as Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • July 8 – Service of Reclamation within U.S. Geological Survey.
  • July 10 – The Rolling Mill Mine disaster in Johnstown, Pennsylvania kills 112 miners.
  • July 11
    • Lord Salisbury retires as British prime minister.
    • The Order of the Garter is conferred on Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
  • July 14St Mark's Campanile in Venice collapses.
  • July 21Fluminense Football Club is founded in Rio de Janeiro.


Main article: August 1902
  • August 1 – 100 miners die in a pit explosion in Wollongong, Australia.
  • August 9Edward VII is crowned King of the United Kingdom.
  • August 22Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American President to ride in an automobile when he rides in a Columbia Electric Victoria through Hartford, Connecticut.
  • August 24 – A statue of Joan of Arc was unveiled in Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier.
  • August 30 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts again, destroying the town of Morne-Rouge causing 1000 deaths.


Main article: September 1902
  • September 19Shiloh Baptist Church disaster, a stampede at the Shiloh Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, after a talk by Booker T. Washington, kills 115


Main article: October 1902
  • October 16 – The first Borstal (youth offenders' institution) opens in Borstal, Kent, U.K.
  • October 21 – In the United States, a five-month strike by the United Mine Workers ends.


Main article: November 1902
  • c. November – The first teddy bear is produced by Morris Michtom in the United States.
  • King Leopold II survives an Attack in Brussels.
  • November 15Hanoi exhibition opens in Hanoi.
  • November 30American Old West: The second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor.


Main article: December 1902
  • December–February 1903 – Venezuelan crisis, in which Britain, Germany and Italy sustain a naval blockade on Venezuela in order to enforce collection of outstanding financial claims. This prompts the development of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
  • December 10 – The first Aswan Dam on the Nile is completed.
  • December 30Discovery Expedition: Scott, Shackleton and Wilson reach the furthest southern point reached thus far by man, south of 82°S.

Date unknown[]

  • Nathan Stubblefield demonstrates his mobile phone device in Kentucky.
  • The insurrection ends in the Philippines.
  • Capital of French Indochina moved from Saigon (in Cochinchina) to Hanoi (Tonkin).
  • Completion of Paul Doumer Bridge linking both sections of Hanoi.
  • The Potawatomi Zoo (the oldest zoo in Indiana) opens in South Bend.
  • James Stevenson-Hamilton is appointed the first warden of the Sabie Game Reserve in South Africa.




Tallulah Bankhead

File:Col Charles Lindbergh.jpg

Charles Lindbergh



Heinz Rühmann

File:Abdel wahab.jpg

Mohammed Abdel Wahab

  • March 4Red Reeder, American soldier and author (d. 1998)
  • March 7
    • Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)
    • Ernő Schwarz, Hungarian American soccer player (d. 1977)
  • March 8André Michel Lwoff, French microbiologist awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine (d. 1994)
  • March 9Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)
  • March 13Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer (d. 1991)
  • March 15Carla Porta Musa, Italian essayist and poet (d. 2012)
  • March 16Leon Roppolo, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1943)
  • March 17Bobby Jones, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • March 18Siegfried Westphal, German general (d. 1982)
  • March 19Louisa Ghijs, Belgian stage actress and wife of Johannes Heesters (d. 1985)
  • March 21Son House, American musician (d. 1988)
  • March 24Thomas Dewey, American politician (d. 1971)
  • March 28Dame Flora Robson, English actress (d. 1984)
  • March 29
    • William Walton, English composer (d. 1983)
    • Marcel Aymé, French writer (d. 1967)
  • March 30Brooke Astor, American socialite and philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • April 2Jan Tschichold, German-born typographer (d. 1974)
  • April 4
    • Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French actress (d. 1969)
    • Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
  • April 8Andrew Irvine, British mountaineer (d. 1924)
  • April 12Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • April 14Olive Diefenbaker, second wife of John Diefenbaker (d. 1976)
  • April 23Halldór Laxness, Icelandic writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • April 25Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist (d. 1964)
  • April 27Harry Stockwell, American actor and singer (d. 1984)
  • April 28Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)
  • April 30Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)


  • May 2Arturo Licata, Italian supercentenarian, world's oldest living man in 2013, last surviving man born in 1902 (d. 2014)
  • May 3Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • May 6
    • Max Ophüls, German-born director (d. 1957)
    • Harry Golden, American journalist (d. 1981)
  • May 8André Michel Lwoff, French microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
  • May 10David O. Selznick, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • May 11Dick Curtis, American actor (d. 1952)
  • May 15Richard J. Daley, American politician, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1976)
  • May 18Meredith Willson, American composer (d. 1984)
  • May 21
    • Earl Averill, American baseball player (d. 1983)
    • Marcel Lajos Breuer, Hungarian-born architect (d. 1981)
    • Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born film director (d. 1974)
  • May 22Al Simmons, American baseball player (d. 1956)
  • May 24Wilbur Hatch, American music composer, and musical director of Desilu Productions (d. 1969)
  • May 29Henri Guillaumet, French aviator (d. 1940)
  • May 31Billy Mayerl, English pianist and composer (d. 1959)
  • June 2
    • James T. Berryman, American political cartoonist, recipient of the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning (d. 1971)
    • Rosa Rio, American organist and composer (d. 2010)
  • June 8James Stillman Rockefeller, American banker (d. 2004)
  • June 16Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1992)
  • June 22Henri Deglane, French wrestler (d. 1975)
  • June 24Juan Antonio Yanes, Venezuelan professional baseball pioneer (d. 1987)
  • June 26Hugues Cuénod, Swiss tenor (d. 2010)
  • June 28Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)


File:Kurt Alder Nobel.jpg

Kurt Alder

File:Dirac 4.jpg

Paul Dirac

File:Karl Popper.jpg

Karl Popper

File:Norma Shearer - circa 1927.jpg

Norma Shearer

  • July 1William Wyler, American film director (d. 1981)
  • July 4
    • Vince Barnett, American actor (d. 1977)
    • Meyer Lansky, Russian-born American mobster (d. 1983)
    • George Murphy, American dancer, actor, and politician (d. 1992)
  • July 8
  • July 10Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • July 16Alexander Luria, Russian neuropsychologist (d. 1977)
  • July 21Joseph Kesselring, American playwright (d. 1967)
  • July 28
    • Karl Raimund Popper, Austrian philosopher (d. 1994)
    • Albert Namatjira, Australian painter (d. 1959)
  • July 31Randolph E. Haugan, American author, editor and publisher (d. 1985)
  • August 2Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (d. 1971)
  • August 4Clara Peller, American actress (d. 1987)
  • August 8Paul Dirac, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • August 9Zino Francescatti, French violinist (d. 1991)
  • August 10
    • Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
    • Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • August 11
    • Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
    • Lloyd Nolan, American film and television actor (d. 1985)
  • August 13Felix Wankel, German mechanical engineer (d. 1988)
  • August 16Georgette Heyer, British writer (d. 1974)
  • August 18Adamson-Eric, Estonian artist (d. 1968)
  • August 19
    • Ogden Nash, American poet (d. 1971)
    • J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist (d. 1994)
  • August 22Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (d. 2003)
  • August 24Carlo Gambino, American gangster (d. 1976)
  • August 25Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (d. 1972)


  • September 7Roy Barcroft, American actor (d. 1969)
  • September 12Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
  • September 14Giorgos Papasideris, Greek singer, composer, and lyricist (d. 1977)
  • September 21Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (d. 1963)
  • September 22
    • John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and producer (d. 1988)
    • Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Shia cleric (d. 1989)
  • September 26Albert Anastasia, American gangster (d. 1957)
  • October 2Leopold Figl, former Chancellor of Austria (d. 1965)
  • October 3Waldo McBurney, America's oldest worker (d. 2009)
  • October 5
    • Larry Fine, American actor and comedian (The Three Stooges) (d. 1975)
    • Ray Kroc, American fast food entrepreneur (McDonald's) (d. 1984)
  • October 12Hiromichi Yahara, Imperial Japanese Army officer (d. 1981)
  • October 13Arna Wendell Bontemps, American writer (d. 1973)
  • October 18
    • Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
    • Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • October 25Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
  • October 26Jack Sharkey, American heavyweight boxing champion (d. 1994)
  • October 31Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (d. 1987)



Eugene Wigner

Date unknown[]

  • Alan Stuart Paterson, New Zealand cartoonist (d. 1968)
  • Remziye Hisar, Turkish chemist (d. 1992)



File:Cecil Rhodes ww.jpg

Cecil Rhodes

File:Hans von Pechmann.jpg

Hans von Pechmann

File:Bargone-dipinto Agostino Roscelli.jpg

Saint Agostino Roscelli

  • January 11Johnny Briggs, English cricketer (b. 1862)
  • February 1Salomon Jadassohn, German composer and pianist (b. 1831)
  • February 6Clémence Royer, French scholar (b. 1830)
  • February 15Viggo Hørup, Danish politician (b. 1841)
  • February 18Albert Bierstadt, German-born American painter (b. 1830)
  • February 27
    • Harry 'Breaker' Morant, Australian soldier (executed) (b. 1864)
    • Peter Handcock, Australian soldier (executed) (b. 1869)
  • March 7Pud Galvin, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1856)
  • March 11Friedrich Engelhorn, German industrialist and founder of BASF (b. 1821)
  • March 15Richard Temple, British colonial administrator of India (b. 1826)
  • March 23Kálmán Tisza, Hungarian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1830)
  • March 26Cecil Rhodes, British imperialist (b. 1853)
  • April 3Esther Hobart Morris, American suffragist judge (b. 1814)
  • April 12Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1841)
  • April 15Jules Dalou, French sculptor (b. 1838)
  • April 17Francisco de Asís de Borbón, Duke of Cádiz, former King consort of Spain (b. 1822)
  • April 19Hans von Pechmann, German chemist (b. 1850)
  • April 21Ethna Carbery, Irish poet (b. 1866)
  • April 28Sol Smith Russell, American comedian (b. 1848)
  • May 5Bret Harte, American writer (b. 1836)
  • May 6William T. Sampson, American admiral (b. 1840)
  • May 7Agostino Roscelli, Italian priest and founder of the Institute of Sisters of the Immaculata (b. 1818)
  • May 26Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • June 10
    • Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
    • Auguste Schmidt, German educator and activist (b. 1833)
  • June 18Samuel Butler, British author (b. 1835)
  • June 19Albert, King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin (b. 1828)


File:Maria Goretti.jpg

Saint Maria Goretti

File:Rudolf Virchow NLM3.jpg

Rudolf Virchow

File:ZOLA 1902B.jpg

Émile Zola


Prudente de Morais

  • July 4Swami Vivekananda, Indian religious leader (b. 1863)
  • July 6Maria Goretti, Italian Catholic saint (b. 1890)
  • August 8James Tissot, French artist (b. 1836)
  • August 31Mathilde Wesendonck, German poet (b. 1828)
  • September 5Rudolf Virchow, German scientist and politician (b. 1821)
  • September 6
    • Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, British chemist (b. 1827)
    • Hammerton Killick Haitian Admiral (b. 1856)
  • September 19Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku poet (b. 1867)
  • September 26Levi Strauss, inventor of Jeans (b. 1829)
  • September 29
    • William Topaz McGonagall, doggerel poet (b. 1825/1830)
    • Émile Zola, French author (b. 1840)
  • September 30James Edward Jouett, American admiral (b. 1826)
  • October 6Liu Kunyi, Chinese general (b. 1830)
  • October 16Jeronimo Suñol, Spanish sculptor (b. 1839)
  • October 25Frank Norris, American novelist (b. 1870)
  • October 26Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American activist (b. 1815)
  • November 4Hale Johnson, American politician (b. 1847)
  • November 17Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh social reformer (b. 1847)
  • November 22
    • Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (b. 1854)
    • Walter Reed, American army physician (b. 1851)
  • December 2Richard Belcredi, former Prime minister of the Austrian Empire (b. 1823)
  • December 3
    • Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (b. 1833)
    • Prudente de Morais, 3rd President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • December 4Charles Dow, American journalist, co-founder of Dow Jones & Company (b. 1851)
  • December 7Thomas Nast, American caricaturist and cartoonist (b. 1840)
  • December 14Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (b. 1826)
  • December 22Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German sexologist (b. 1840)
  • December 23Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1821)

Date unknown[]

  • Song Qing, Chinese general (b. 1820)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsHendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman
  • ChemistryHermann Emil Fischer
  • MedicineRonald Ross
  • LiteratureChristian Matthias Theodor Mommsen
  • PeaceÉlie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat


  • The Annual Cyclopedia ...1902 (1903), highly detailed compilation of facts; worldwide coverage online edition