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Millennium:
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:
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1901 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January

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File:Flag of Australia.svg

January 1: The Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate.

File:Edward vii england.jpg

January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and also becomes Emperor of India.

February

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March

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File:Wilhelm II (1).jpg

March 6: Wilhelm II, German Emperor, survives an assassination attempt.

April

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May

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June

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  • June – Emily Hobhouse reports on the genocide in the 45 British concentration camps for Boer women and children in South Africa in which, over an 18-month period, 26,370 people would die, 24,000 of them children under 16. Exact mortality figures in the 64 concentration camps for black displaced farm workers and their families are not known, but even worse.[2]
  • June 2 – Katsura Tarō becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • June 12 – Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
  • June 15 – Template:RMS is the first Cunard Line ship to receive a wireless radio set.
File:Flag of Cuba.svg

June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.

July

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August

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Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines.

September

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File:McKinleyAssassination.jpg

September 6: US President William McKinley is shot and fatally wounded.

File:BoxerSoldiers.jpg

September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.

File:President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg

September 14: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley.

October

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November

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December

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  • December 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
  • December 10 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
  • December 12 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in England, UK to Newfoundland; it is the letter "S" in Morse.[5]
  • December 20 – The final spike is driven into the Mombasa–Victoria–Uganda Railway in what is now Kisumu, Kenya.
  • December 22 – Peace Sunday and Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, says about the war in South Africa: "Great Britain cannot win the battles without resorting to the last despicable cowardice of the most loathsome cur on earth — the act of striking a brave man's heart through his wife's honour and his child's life. The cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism... the concentration camps have been Murder Camps." A crowd follows him home and breaks the windows of his house.[6]

Date unknown

Births

January–February

File:Clark Gable - publicity.JPG

Clark Gable

File:Zeppo Marx.jpg

Zeppo Marx

File:L Pauling.jpg

Linus Pauling

March–April

File:Hirohito in dress uniform.jpg

Hirohito

May–June

File:Gary Cooper 1936.jpg

Gary Cooper

File:Henri Lefebvre 1971.jpg

Henri Lefebvre

File:Zhang Xueliang.jpg

Zhang Xueliang

July–August

File:Louis Armstrong restored.jpg

Louis Armstrong

File:Ernest Lawrence.jpg

Ernest Lawrence

September–October

File:Ed Sullivan.jpg

Ed Sullivan

File:Enrico Fermi 1943-49.jpg

Enrico Fermi

November–December

Template:Double image

File:Marlene Dietrich (26).jpg

Marlene Dietrich

Deaths

January–June

File:Queen Victoria by Bassano.jpg

Queen Victoria

File:Giuseppe Verdi by Giovanni Boldini.jpg

Giuseppe Verdi

File:Pach Brothers - Benjamin Harrison.jpg

Benjamin Harrison

File:Marthinus Wessel Pretorius.jpg

Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

July–December

File:Francesco Crispi.jpg

Francesco Crispi

File:Adolf Fick 8bit korr klein1.jpg

Adolf Eugen Fick

File:Photolautrec.jpg

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

File:William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896.jpg

William McKinley

Nobel Prizes

Significance of 1901 for modern computers

The date of Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901 is significant for modern computers because it is the earliest date representable with a signed 32-bit integer on systems that reference time in seconds since the Unix epoch. This corresponds to -2147483648 seconds from Thursday January 1 00:00:00 1970. For the same reason, many computers are also unable to represent an earlier date. For related reasons, many computer systems suffer from the Year 2038 problem. This is when the positive number of seconds since 1970 exceeds 2147483647 (01111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 in binary) and wraps to -2147483648. Hence the computer system erroneously displays or operates on the time Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901. In this way, the year 1900 is to the Year 2000 problem as the year 1901 is to the Year 2038 problem.

References

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  3. "NHI Resolution No.7, Series 2002". National Historical Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
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  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...1901 (1902); highly detailed compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage online edition
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