Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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A carved date from a building in Stamford

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Years:
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Template:C19 year in topic

1896 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January–March

File:Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845--1923).jpg

January 5: Röntgen rays.

File:X-ray by Wilhelm Röntgen of Albert von Kölliker's hand - 18960123-02.jpg

January 5: Röntgen X-ray.

  • January – Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War: British redcoats enter the Ashanti capital, Kumasi, and Asantehene Agyeman Prempeh I is deposed.[1]
  • January 2 – The Jameson Raid comes to an end, as Jameson surrenders to the Boers.[2]
  • January 4Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
  • January 5 – An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
  • January 6Cecil Rhodes is forced to resign as Prime Minister of the Cape of Good Hope for his involvement in the Jameson Raid.
  • January 7Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook.
  • January 12 – H. L. Smith takes the first X-ray photograph.
  • January 18 – The X-ray machine is exhibited for the first time.
  • January 28 – Walter Arnold, of East Peckham, Kent, England, is fined 1 shilling for speeding at Script error: No such module "convert". (exceeding the contemporary speed limit of Script error: No such module "convert".), the first speeding fine.
  • February 1Puccini's opera La bohème premieres in Turin, Italy.
  • February 4 – International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers is established in Pittsburgh.
  • February 11Oscar Wilde's play Salomé premieres in Paris.
  • February 19Braamfontein Explosion: A train carrying 56 tons of dynamite explodes at Braamfontein, Johannesburg, killing more than 78 people.[3]
  • March 1Battle of Adwa: Ethiopia defends its independence from Italy, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War.
  • March 3 – Publication begins of the world's first magazine with an orientation to male homosexuality, Der Eigene, by Adolf Brand in Berlin.
  • March 9 – Responding to national outrage at the defeat at Adwa, Italian Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns.
  • March 23 – The New York State Legislature passes the Raines law, restricting Sunday alcoholic beverage sales to hotels.

April–June

  • April &ndasg; The first study of the sensitivity of global climate to atmospheric carbon dioxide is published. Svante Arrhenius presents his findings in his paper, "On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground", the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, as an extract of a paper that had been presented to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on December 11, 1895.
  • April 3 – The first edition of the Italian sports newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport is published.
  • April 4 – The first known women's basketball game between two colleges is played between Stanford and California.
  • April 6 – The opening ceremonies of the 1896 Summer Olympics, the first modern Olympic Games, are held in Athens.
  • April 7Nansen's Fram expedition to the Arctic reaches 86°13.6'N, almost 3° beyond the previous Farthest North attained.
  • April 9 – The National Farm School (later Delaware Valley College) is chartered in Doylestown, PA.
  • May 8Cricket: Against Warwickshire, Yorkshire sets a still-standing County Championship record when they accumulate an innings total of 887.
  • May 13 – The Franchise Bill is passed by the Colony of Natal's Legislative Assembly, disfranchising natives of other countries.
  • May 18Plessy v. Ferguson: The U.S. Supreme Court introduces the "separate but equal" doctrine and upholds racial segregation.
  • May 26 – Eleven years after its foundation, a group of 12 purely industrial stocks were chosen to form the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index was composed entirely of industrial shares for the first time.[4]
  • May 27St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado: The costliest and third deadliest tornado in U.S. history levels a mile wide swath of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, incurring US$2.9 billion (1997 USD) in normalized damages, killing more than 255 and injuring over 1,000 people.
  • June 4 – The Ford Quadricycle, the first Ford vehicle ever developed, is completed, eventually leading Henry Ford to build the empire that "put America on wheels".
  • June 7Mahdist War: British and Egyptian victory at the Battle of Ferkeh.
  • June 12J. T. Hearne sets a record for the earliest date of taking 100 wickets in cricket (it is equalled by Charlie Parker in 1931).
  • June 15 – The 1896 Sanriku earthquake and tsunami in Japan kills 27,000.
File:Panathinaiko.jpg

A picture of the restored Panathenaic Stadium, the site of the 1896 Summer Olympics

  • June 18 – The New York Telephone Company is formed, succeeding the Metropolitan Telephone and Telegraph Company, to control telephone service within New York City.[5]
  • June 23 – Liberal leader Wilfrid Laurier defeats Charles Tupper during Canadian federal elections for the 8th Canadian Parliament to become the first francophone Prime Minister of Canada.
  • June 28Twin Shaft disaster: An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania results in a massive cave-in that kills 58 miners.[6][7][8]

July–September

  • July 9William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech at the Democratic National Convention, which nominates him for President of the United States.
  • July 11Wilfrid Laurier becomes Canada's seventh prime minister and the first French-speaker to hold that office.
  • July 21 – In Washington, D.C., in response to a "call to confer" issued by Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin to all women of color, the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs is organized.
  • July 26International Socialist Workers and Trade Union Congress opens in London.
  • July 27 – A causeway is opened between the islands of Saaremaa and Muhu in Estonia.
  • July 30Atlantic City rail crash: Shortly after 6:30 pm, at a crossing just west of Atlantic City, New Jersey, two trains collide, crushing five loaded passenger coaches, killing fifty and seriously injuring approximately sixty.
  • August – 1896 Eastern North America heat wave.
  • August 14 – The Uganda Railway Act, 1896, is approved in the United Kingdom, for construction of a railway in Africa from Mombasa to Lake Victoria.[9][10]
  • August 16Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in the Klondike, Yukon.
  • August 17Bridget Driscoll is run over by a Benz car in the grounds of The Crystal Palace, London, the world's first motoring fatality.
  • August 23 – The Cry of Pugad Lawin initiates the Philippine Revolution.
  • August 27
    • The shortest war in recorded history, the Anglo-Zanzibar War, starts at 9 in the morning and lasts for 45 minutes of shelling.
    • Britain establishes a Protectorate over the Ashanti concluding the Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War.
  • September 2Clarkson University holds its first classes, with 17 students attending in Potsdam, New York.[11]
  • September 15 – The Crash at Crush train wreck stunt is held in Texas.
  • September 22Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest-reigning monarch in British history.
  • September 30 – Italy and France sign a treaty whereby Italy virtually recognizes Tunisia as a French dependency.[12]

October–December

File:DMG-lastwagen-cannstatt-1896.jpg

Model of truck DMG Lastwagen, 1896 in Germany

  • October 1Gottlieb Daimler builts first worldwide gasoline truck.
  • October 2Victorian Football League established as Aussie rules football in Australia. (a predecessor for Australian Football League)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • October 16 – The design of the Flag of Knoxville, Tennessee is officially approved by Knoxville City Council.
  • October 30Augusta, Kentucky: The Augusta High School cornerstone is laid, marking the end of the Augusta Methodist College.
  • November 3U.S. presidential election, 1896: Republican William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan. The event is viewed by some as a realigning election for the United States Republican Party
  • November 27Also sprach Zarathustra (Strauss) is first performed in Frankfurt.
  • November 30
    • The Udinese Calcio is founded.
    • 'St. Augustine Monster': A large carcass, later postulated to be the remains of a gigantic octopus, is found washed ashore near St. Augustine, Florida.
  • December 1 – Archaeologist Alois Anton Führer, Nepalese General Khadga Samsher Rana, and an expedition rediscover the great stone pillar of Ashoka at Lumbini, traditionally the spot of the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, after using Faxian's records.[13]
  • December 10 The premiere of Alfred Jarry's absurdist play Ubu Roi in Paris causes a near-riot.
  • December 14 – The Glasgow Subway, the third-oldest underground metro system in the world, opens.
  • December 25John Philip Sousa composes his magnum opus, The Stars and Stripes Forever.
  • December 30José Rizal, Filipino scholar and poet, is executed by Spanish authorities in the Philippines.

Date unknown

  • The Pontifical University of Maynooth is established by decree of the Vatican.
  • France establishes an administrative post in Abengourou, Ivory Coast.
  • Sperry & Hutchinson begin offering S&H Green Stamps to U.S. retailers.
  • Devonport High School for Boys is founded (in Plymouth, UK)
  • Blackpool Pleasure Beach, a popular English theme park (Britain's Biggest Tourist Attraction), is founded by Alderman William George Bean.
  • A school of mines opens in Kimberley and will later form the core of the University of the Witwatersrand.

Births

January–February

March–April

  • March 1
    • Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek conductor, pianist and composer (d. 1960)
    • Moriz Seeler, German writer, poet, film producer and man of the theatre (d. 1942)
  • March 13Field Eugene Kindley, American World War I fighter pilot (d. 1920)
  • March 20Wilfrid Reid "Wop" May, Canadian World War I pilot (d. 1952)
  • March 29Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (d. 1962)
  • March 31Florrie Baldwin, British supercentenarian (d. 2010)
  • April 13Ira C. Eaker, World War II United States Army Air Forces general (d. 1987)
  • April 15
    • Gerhard Fieseler, German World War I flying ace, aerobatics champion, and aircraft designer and manufacturer (d. 1987)
    • Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • April 21
    • Ralph Hungerford, 33rd Governor of American Samoa (d. 1977)
    • Geertruida Wijsmuller-Meijer, Dutch war hero, resistance fighter and humanitarian (d. 1978)
  • April 26Ernst Udet, German World War I fighter ace and Nazi Luftwaffe official (d. 1941)
  • April 27Rogers Hornsby, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • April 30
    • Hans List, Austrian founder of the AVL List (d. 1996)
    • Gary Davis, American musician (d. 1972)

May–June

  • May 1
    • Mark W. Clark, American general (d. 1984)
    • J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • May 2Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania (d.1982)
  • May 3Karl Allmenröder, German World War I fighter pilot (d. 1917)
  • May 5Kaju Sugiura, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)
  • May 6Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish medical physicist (d. 1966)
  • May 7John Dunville, British Army officer in World War I (d. 1917)
  • May 19Jorge Alessandri, President of Chile (d. 1986)
  • May 30Howard Hawks, American director (d. 1977)
  • June 6
    • Henry Allingham, British World War I veteran and world's oldest man (d. 2009)
    • Italo Balbo, Italian Fascist leader and aviator (d. 1940)
  • June 7
    • Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
    • Douglas Campbell, American World War I flying ace (d. 1990)
    • Hope Summers, American actress (d. 1979)
  • June 18Philip Barry, American playwright (d. 1949)
  • June 19Wallis Simpson, American-born Duchess of Windsor (d. 1986)
  • June 25Keizō Komura, Japanese admiral (d. 1978)

July–August

File:Trygve Lie 1938.jpg

Trygve Lie

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Jean Piaget

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Gerty Cori

  • July 2Quirino Cristiani, Argentine animated film director (d. 1984)
  • July 9Maria Gomes Valentim, Brazilian supercentenarian (d. 2011)
  • July 10Maurice Zbriger, Canadian violinist, composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • July 13Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • July 16Trygve Lie, Norway-born United Nations Secretary General (d. 1968)
  • July 27Henri Longchambon, French politician (d. 1969)
  • August 9
    • Erich Hückel, German physicist and physical chemist (d. 1980)
    • Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist (d. 1980)
    • Léonide Massine, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1979)
  • August 12Ejner Federspiel, Danish actor (d. 1981)
  • August 13Rudolf Schmundt, German general (d. 1944)
  • August 14Albert Ball, British World War I fighter ace, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1917)
  • August 15
  • August 18Jack Pickford, American actor (d. 1933)
  • August 22W. E. Lawrence, American actor (d. 1947)
  • August 26Besse Cooper, American supercentenarian; last known surviving person born in 1896 (d. 2012)
  • August 27Léon Theremin, Russian inventor (d. 1993)
  • August 30Raymond Massey, Canadian-born American actor (d. 1983)

September–October

  • September 1A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian religious leader, founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (d. 1977)
  • September 4Antonin Artaud, French stage actor and director (d. 1948)
  • September 10Adele Astaire, American dancer (d. 1981)
  • September 14Fray José de Guadalupe Mojica, Mexican Franciscan friar, tenor and film actor (d. 1974)
  • September 15Robert B. McClure, American general (d. 1973)
  • September 21Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian; last known surviving male born in 1896 (d. 2011)
  • September 22Uri Zvi Greenberg, Israeli poet and journalist (d. 1981)
  • September 24F. Scott Fitzgerald, American writer (d. 1940)
  • September 25Sandro Pertini, President of Italy (d. 1990)
  • September 30Jolie Gabor, Hungarian-American entrepreneur, jeweler and memoirist (d. 1997)
  • October 1Abraham Sofaer, Burmese-born actor (d. 1988)
File:Abels d Albert Erika NEU Wiener Illistrierte Zeitung 8 Feb 1920.jpg

Erika Abels d'Albert

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Carl Ferdinand Cori

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2005-0008, Carl Zuckmayer.jpg

Carl Zuckmayer

November–December

File:Mamie Eisenhower color photo portrait, White House, May 1954.jpg

Mamie Eisenhower

  • November 4
    • Carlos P. Garcia, president of the Philippines (d. 1971)
    • Ian Wolfe, American actor (d. 1992)
  • November 8
    • Erika Abels d'Albert, Austrian artist (d. 1975)
    • Bucky Harris, American baseball player (d. 1977)
    • Marie Prevost, Canadian-born American actress (d. 1937)
  • November 10
    • Jimmy Dykes, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976)
    • Mary, Lady Heath (born Sophie Mary Peirce-Evans), Irish aviator (d. 1939)
    • Andreas Stihl, Swiss engineer, inventor and businessman (d. 1973)
  • November 13Nobusuke Kishi, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1987)
  • November 14Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (d. 1979)
  • November 15Giovanni Ancillotto, Italian World War I flying ace (d. 1924)
  • November 16
    • Oswald Mosley, leader of the British Union of Fascists (d. 1980)
    • Lawrence Tibbett, American opera singer and actor (d. 1960)
  • November 17Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • November 23Klement Gottwald, Czechoslovak communist politician (d. 1953)
  • November 25
    • Virgil Thomson, American composer and critic (d. 1989)
    • Jessie Royce Landis, American actress (d. 1972)
  • November 26Manuel A. Odría, 79th President of Peru (d. 1974)
  • December 1Georgi Zhukov, Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union (d. 1974)
  • December 5Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1984)
  • December 6Ira Gershwin, American lyricist (d. 1983)
  • December 8Christl Mardayn, German actress (d. 1976)
  • December 14Jimmy Doolittle, American aviation pioneer and World War II United States Army Air Forces general (d. 1993)
  • December 15Miles Dempsey, British general (d. 1969)
  • December 16Anna Anderson, pretender to the Russian throne (d. 1984)
  • December 17Robert Francis Anthony Studds, American admiral and engineer, fourth Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (d. 1962)
  • December 21Leroy Robertson, American composer (d. 1971)
  • December 23Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian writer (d. 1957)
  • December 27
    • Louis Bromfield, American writer (d. 1956)
    • Carl Zuckmayer, German writer and playwright (d. 1977)
  • December 28Roger Sessions, American composer (d. 1985)

Date unknown

  • Lawrence Riley, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1974)

Deaths

January–June

File:Clara Schumann 1878.jpg

Clara Schumann

  • January 4Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Old Catholic bishop (b. 1821)
  • January 6Thomas W. Knox, American author and journalist (b. 1835)
  • January 8Paul Verlaine, French lyric poet (b. 1844)
  • January 15Mathew Brady, American photographer (b. 1822)
  • January 20Prince Henry of Battenberg, British royal, married to Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  • February 25Joseph P. Fyffe, American admiral (b. 1832)
  • April 9Gustav Koerner, German-American statesman (b. 1809)
  • May 1Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia, King of Herat (b. 1831)
  • May 7Herman Webster Mudgett, alias H. H. Holmes, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1861)
  • May 10Antti Ahlström, Finnish industrialist and founder of Ahlstrom (b. 1827)
  • May 17Muhammad Al-Sabah, emir of Kuwait (b. 1831)
  • May 19Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, father of Archduke Ferdinand (b. 1833)
  • May 20Clara Schumann, German composer and pianist (b. 1819)
  • May 24Luigi Federico Menabrea, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1809)
  • June 12Thomas P. Leathers, American steamboat captain (b. 1816)

July–December

File:Harriet Beecher Stowe c1852.jpg

Harriet Beecher Stowe

File:Otto-lilienthal.jpg

Otto Lilienthal

File:Alfred Nobel3.jpg

Alfred Nobel

  • July 1Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (b. 1811)
  • July 4Marcelo H. del Pilar, Filipino writer and journalist (b. 1850)
  • July 7Charles Thomas Wooldridge, hanged at Reading Gaol and commemorated by Oscar Wilde
  • July 13August Kekulé, German chemist (b. 1829)
  • July 16Edmond de Goncourt, French writer and co-founder of the Académie Goncourt (b. 1822)
  • July 19Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • August 10Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer (b. 1848)
  • August 13John Everett Millais, British Pre-Raphaelite painter (b. 1829)
  • August 17Bridget Driscoll, early British automobile fatality (b. c. 1852)
  • August 25 – Sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini of Zanzibar (b. 1857)
  • September 18Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (b. 1819)
  • September 22Pavlos Kalligas, Greek jurist and politician (b. 1814)
  • October 8George du Maurier, French-born British cartoonist and writer (b. 1834)
  • October 11
    • Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (b. 1824)
    • Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
  • October 21James Henry Greathead, British engineer and inventor (b. 1844)
  • October 23Columbus Delano, American statesman (b. 1809)
  • October 30Carol Benesch, Silesian and Romanian architect (b. 1822)
  • November 12Joseph James Cheeseman, Liberian politician, 12th President of Liberia (b. 1843)
  • November 16Josip Šokčević, Croatian viceroy (b. 1811)
  • November 22George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., inventor of the Ferris wheel (b. 1859)
  • December 10Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor of dynamite and creator of the Nobel Prize (b. 1833)
  • December 29Jacob ben Moses Bachrach, noted apologist of Rabbinic Judaism (b. 1824)
  • December 30José Rizal, national hero of the Philippines (b. 1861)

References

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  3. The Great Dynamite Explosion, report by Mr. J.G. Blumberg, Fairmount School, Johannesburg, excerpt from the autobiography of Dutch immigrant Jan de Veer who came to South Africa in 1893.
  4. Dow Record Book Adds Another First. Philly.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  5. Documents of the Senate of the State of New York: One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Session, 1913, Volume 25, p255
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  9. The Law Journal Reports for the Year 1896 (Stevens and Sons, Ltd., 1896), Volume 65, p247
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  12. Iiams, Thomas M. (1962). Dreyfus, Diplomatists and the Dual Alliance: Gabriel Hanotaux at the Quai D'Orsay (1894 – 1898), Geneva/Paris: Librairie Droz/Librairie Minard, p. 115
  13. Alois Anton Führer, Monograph on Buddha Sakyamuni's Birth-Place in the Nepalese Taral (Allahabad: The Government Press, 1897) p28

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