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Centuries:
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Decades:
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Years:
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1890 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1890
MDCCCXC
Ab urbe condita2643
Armenian calendar1339
ԹՎ ՌՅԼԹ
Assyrian calendar6640
Bahá'í calendar46–47
Balinese saka calendar1811–1812
Bengali calendar1297
Berber calendar2840
British Regnal year53 Vict. 1 – 54 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2434
Burmese calendar1252
Byzantine calendar7398–7399
Chinese calendar己丑(Earth Ox)
4586 or 4526
    — to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
4587 or 4527
Coptic calendar1606–1607
Discordian calendar3056
Ethiopian calendar1882–1883
Hebrew calendar5650–5651
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1946–1947
 - Shaka Samvat1811–1812
 - Kali Yuga4990–4991
Holocene calendar11890
Igbo calendar890–891
Iranian calendar1268–1269
Islamic calendar1307–1308
Japanese calendarMeiji 23
(明治23年)
Javanese calendar1819–1820
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4223
Minguo calendar22 before ROC
民前22年
Nanakshahi calendar422
Thai solar calendar2432–2433
Tibetan calendar阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
2016 or 1635 or 863
    — to —
阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
2017 or 1636 or 864

1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1890th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 890th year of the , the 90th year of the , and the 1st year of the decade. As of the start of 1890, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events[]

File:Nellie Bly 2.jpg

January 25: Nellie Bly, 1890

January–March[]

  • January 1
    • The Kingdom of Italy establishes Eritrea as its colony in the Horn of Africa.
    • In Michigan, the wooden steamer Mackinaw burns in a fire on the Black River.[1]
  • January 2
    • The steamship Persia is wrecked off Corsica; 130 lives are lost.[2]
    • Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer in the White House.[3]
  • January 111890 British Ultimatum: the United Kingdom demands Portugal withdraw its forces from the land between the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola (most of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia)
  • January 15The Sleeping Beauty with music by Tchaikovsky is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
  • January 25
    • The United Mine Workers of America is founded.
    • Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
  • February 9 – The Weather Bureau is established within the United States Department of Agriculture.
  • February 17Template:Dubious – The British steamship Duburg is wrecked in the South China Sea: 400 lives are lost.[2][4]
  • February 24Chicago is selected to host the Columbian Exposition
  • March 1
    • The British steamship Quetia founders in the Torres Straits: 124 lives are lost.[2]
    • Léon Bourgeois succeeds Jean Antoine Ernest Constans as French Minister of the Interior.
  • March 3 – The first American football game in Ohio State University history is played in Delaware, Ohio, against Ohio Wesleyan, with the Ohio State Buckeyes winning 20–14.
File:Bb-forthrailbridge.jpg
  • March 4 – The Forth Bridge across the Firth of Forth in Scotland is opened to rail traffic.
  • March 8North Dakota State University is founded in Fargo.
  • March 17 – The first railway in Transvaal, the Randtram, opens between Boksburg and Braamfontein in Johannesburg.[5][6]
  • March 20 – Kaiser Wilhelm II dismisses Otto von Bismarck.
  • March 27 – The March 1890 middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak, 24 significant tornadoes are spawned by one system killing least 146 people.
  • March 28Washington State University is founded in Pullman.

April–June[]

File:ClevelandArcade Interior Flag.jpg

May 31: Cleveland Arcade.

File:Hollerith.jpg

June 1: Herman Hollerith.

  • April 14First International Conference of American States in Washington DC: Commercial Bureau of the American Republics founded.
  • May 1 – A coordinated series of mass rallies and one-day strikes held throughout many cities and mining towns in Europe and North America to demand an eight-hour workday.[7]
  • May 2Oklahoma Territory becomes effective.
  • May 12 – The first ever official English County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol; Yorkshire beats Gloucestershire by 8 wickets.
  • May 20 – Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh moves to Auvers-sur-Oise on the edge of Paris in the care of Dr Paul Gachet where he will produce around seventy paintings in as many days.
  • May 31 – The 5-story skylight Arcade opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • June 1 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to tabulate census returns using punched card input, a landmark in the history of computing hardware. Hollerith's company eventually becomes IBM.
  • June 12 – In Michigan, the wooden steamer Ryan is lost near Thunder Bay Island.[1]
  • June 20The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde published by Philadelphia-based Lippincott's Monthly Magazine (dated July).
  • June 27 – Canadian-born boxer George Dixon defeats the British bantamweight champion in London, giving him claim to be the first black world champion in any sport.[8]
File:Vincent van Gogh - Self-Portrait - Google Art Project (454045).jpg

July 29: Vincent van Gogh.

July–September[]

  • July – Japanese general election of 1890: The first general election for the House of Representatives of Japan, about 5% of the adult male population elect a lower house of the Diet of Japan in accordance with the new Meiji Constitution of 1889.
  • July 1Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty is signed by Great Britain and Germany.
  • July 2 – The Sherman Antitrust Act and Sherman Silver Purchase Act become United States law.
  • July 3Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
  • July 10Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
  • July 13 – In Minnesota, storms result in the Sea Wing disaster on Lake Pepin, killing 98.
  • July 14 – First recorded use of lime-green to describe a color.[9]
  • July 26 – In Buenos Aires, the Revolution of the Park takes place, forcing President Juárez Celman's resignation.
  • July 27Death of Vincent van Gogh: van Gogh apparently shoots himself, dying two days later.
  • August 6 – At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed in the electric chair.
  • August 20Treaty of London: Portugal and the United Kingdom define the borders of the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola.
  • August Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Alexander III meet at Narva.
  • September 6 Dublin football club Bohemian F.C. were founded in the Gate Lodge, Phoenix Park.
  • September 19 – The Turkish frigate Ertuğrul founders off Japan; 540 lives are lost.[2]

October–December[]

File:New-Scotland-Yard-Victorian-building-Big-Ben-1890.jpg

November: New Scotland Yard opens near the Big Ben clock tower.

File:Wounded Knee 96.jpg

December 29: Wounded Knee

  • October 9 – The first brief flight of Clément Ader's steam-powered fixed-wing aircraft Ader Éole takes place in Satory, France. It flies uncontrolled approximately 50 m (160 ft) at a height of 20 cm, the first take-off of a powered airplane solely under its own power.[10][11][12]
  • October 11 – In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
  • October 12 – In Uddevalla, the Uddevalla Suffrage Association is founded. Formal founding event on November 2 a month later.
  • October 13
    • In Michigan, the schooner J.F. Warner is lost at Thunder Bay.[1]
    • The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • November 4 – The first deep level London Underground (Tube) Railway, the City and South London Railway, opens officially.
  • November 21Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.[13]
  • November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir, and his daughter Princess Wilhelmina becomes Queen, causing the end of the personal union of thrones with Luxembourg (which requires a male heir) so that Adolphe, Duke of Nassau becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
  • November 29
    • The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan and its first Diet convenes.
    • At West Point, New York, the United States Navy defeats the United States Army 24–0 in the first Army–Navy Game of college football.
  • November – Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as New Scotland Yard.
  • December 15Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull is killed by police on Standing Rock Indian Reservation.
  • December 27 – The British steamship Shanghai burns in the East China Sea off the coast of Anhui Province; 101 lives are lost.[14]
  • December 29Wounded Knee Massacre: At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a Native American camp, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment tries to disperse the non-violent "Ghost-Dance" which was promised to usher in a new era of power and freedom to Native Americans but is feared as a potential rallying tool for violent rebellion by some in the U.S. government. Shooting begins, and 153 Lakota Sioux and 25 troops are killed; about 150 flee the scene. This is the last tribe to be defeated and confined to a reservation as well as the beginning of the decline of both the American Indian Wars and the American frontier.

Date unknown[]

  • The folding carton box is invented by Robert Gair, a Brooklyn printer who developed production of paper-board boxes in 1879.
  • The United States city of Boise, Idaho, drills the first geothermal well.
  • Brown trout are introduced into the upper Firehole River in Yellowstone National Park.
  • High School Cadets is written by John Philip Sousa.
  • William II of Prussia opposes Bismarck's attempt to renew the law outlawing the Social Democratic Party.
  • Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London.
  • English archaeologist Flinders Petrie excavates at Tell el-Hesi, Palestine (mistakenly identified as Tel Lachish), the first scientific excavation of an archaeological site in the Holy Land, during which he discovers how tells are formed.
  • American geostrategist Alfred Thayer Mahan publishes his influential book The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783.
  • Francis Galton announces a statistical demonstration of the uniqueness and classifiability of individual human fingerprints.[15]
  • Alfred Tucker becomes Anglican Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa.[16]

Births[]

January[]

File:TucholskyParis1928.jpg

Kurt Tucholsky

File:Boris Pasternak cropped.jpg

Boris Pasternak

February[]

March[]

April[]

  • April 6Anthony Fokker, Dutch aircraft manufacturer (d. 1939)
  • April 7
    • Paul Berth, Danish amateur footballer (d. 1969)
    • Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist and writer (d. 1998)
    • Harry W. Hill, American admiral (d. 1971)
  • April 13
    • Frank Murphy, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1949)
    • Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (d. 1960)
  • April 11Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
  • April 15Percy Shaw, British inventor (d. 1976)
  • April 16
    • Fred Root, English cricketer (d. 1954)
    • Vernon Sturdee, Australian general (d. 1966)
  • April 17Victor Chapman, French-American fighter pilot (d. 1916)
  • April 18Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d.1958)
  • April 20
    • Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec (d. 1959)
    • Adolf Schärf, former President of Austria (d. 1965)
  • April 21Michitaro Tozuka, Japanese admiral (d. 1966)
  • April 24Masatane Kanda, Japanese general (d. 1983)
  • April 26Edgar Kennedy, American comedic actor (d. 1948)

May[]

File:Ho Chi Minh 1946.jpg

Ho Chi Minh

  • May 1Laurence Wild, 1913 NCAA Men's Basketball All-American, former head coach for the Navy Midshipmen men's basketball, and 30th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1971)
  • May 4Franklin Carmichael, Canadian artist (d. 1945)
  • May 10Alfred Jodl, German general (executed) (d. 1946)
  • May 11Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1961)
  • May 15Katherine Anne Porter, American author (d. 1980)
  • May 19Ho Chi Minh, Prime minister/President of North Vietnam (d. 1969)
  • May 23Herbert Marshall, English actor (d. 1966)

June[]

File:Stan Laurel c1920.jpg

Stan Laurel

  • June 1Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
  • June 6Ted Lewis, American jazz musician and entertainer (d. 1971)
  • June 10William A. Seiter, American film director (d. 1964)
  • June 12Junius Matthews, American actor (d. 1978)
  • June 16Stan Laurel, English-born actor (d. 1965)
  • June 17Hatazō Adachi, Japanese general (d. 1947)
  • June 21Lewis H. Brereton, American aviation pioneer and air force general (d. 1967)
  • June 25Charlotte Greenwood, American actress (d. 1977)
  • June 26
    • Oscar C. Badger II, American admiral (d. 1958)
    • Jeanne Eagels, American actress (d. 1929)
  • June 28William H. P. Blandy, American admiral (d. 1954)
  • June 29Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper, Dutch supercentenarian (d. 2005)
  • June 30Paul Boffa, 5th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1962)

July[]

File:P S Subrahmanya Sastri (1890-1978).png

P. S. Subrahmanya Sastri

  • July 9Joseph-Alphida Crête, Canadian politician (d. 1964)
  • July 11Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, British air force air marshal (d. 1967)
  • July 18Frank Forde, Australian Prime Minister (d. 1983)
  • July 20Verna Felton, American character actress (d. 1966)
  • July 22Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American philanthropist and matriarch of the Kennedy family (d. 1995)
  • July 26
    • Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942)
    • Seiichi Itō, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)
  • July 29P. S. Subrahmanya Sastri, Sanskrit scholar. First to translate Tolkāppiyam into English (d. 1978)

August[]

File:H. P. Lovecraft, June 1934.jpg

H. P. Lovecraft

September[]

File:Agatha Christie.png

Agatha Christie

October[]

File:Stanley Holloway.jpg

Stanley Holloway

File:Groucho Marx - portrait.jpg

Groucho Marx

File:Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg

Dwight D. Eisenhower

File:Hermann Joseph Muller.jpg

Hermann Joseph Muller

File:Fritz Lang (1969).jpg

Fritz Lang

  • October 1
    • Katherine Corri Harris, American socialite and actress first wife of John Barrymore (d. 1927)
    • Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982)
    • Alice Joyce, American silent film actress (d. 1955)
    • Blanche Oelrichs, American poet second wife of John Barrymore (d. 1950)
  • October 2Groucho Marx, American comedian (d. 1977)
  • October 8
    • Henrich Focke, German aviation pioneer (d. 1979)
    • Eddie Rickenbacker, race car driver and American World War I fighter pilot (d. 1973)
  • October 13Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)
  • October 14Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • October 16
    • Michael Collins, Irish patriot (d. 1922)
    • Paul Strand, American photographer (d. 1976)
  • October 17Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
  • October 20Sherman Minton, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1965)
  • October 25Floyd Bennett, American aviator and explorer (d. 1928)
  • October 29Hans-Valentin Hube, German army general (d. 1944)

November[]

December[]

Date unknown[]

  • John Aae, Norwegian politician (d. 1968)
  • Taixu, Chinese Buddhist activist (d. 1947)

Deaths[]

January–June[]

  • January 7Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Empress Consort of William I, German Emperor (b. 1811)
  • January 18 – King Amadeus I of Spain (b. 1845)
  • February 22
    • John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (b. 1822)
    • Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
  • March 3Innocenzo da Berzo, Capuchin friar (b. 1844)
  • March 7Karl Rudolf Friedenthal, Prussian statesman (b. 1827)
  • March 9 – Sir Mangaldas Nathubhoy, Indian politician (b. 1832)
  • March 16Princess Zorka of Montenegro (b. 1864)
  • April 1David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
  • April 1Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian aeronautical pioneer (b. 1825)
  • April 11
    • David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo, Dutch Talmudist (b. 1808)
    • Joseph Merrick (The Elephant Man), English oddity (b. 1862)
  • June 24Subba Row, Hindu theosophist (b. 1856)
  • June 30Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)

July–December[]

File:Carlo Collodi.jpg

Carlo Collodi

File:Willem III (1817-90), koning der Nederlanden, Nicolaas Pieneman, 1856 - Rijksmuseum.jpg

William III of the Netherlands

File:Heinrich Schliemann.jpg

Heinrich Schliemann

  • July 7Henri Nestlé, Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé (b. 1814)
  • July 9Clinton B. Fisk, American philanthropist and temperance activist (b. 1828)
  • July 13
    • John C. Frémont, American explorer and military officer (b. 1813)
    • Johann Voldemar Jannsen, Estonian journalist and poet (b. 1819)
  • July 15Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (b. 1819)
  • July 29Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (b. 1853)
  • August 6William Kemmler, American murderer, first person executed in the electric chair (b. 1860)
  • August 11John Henry Newman, English Roman Catholic Cardinal (b. 1801)
  • October 4Catherine Booth, Mother of The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • October 20Richard Francis Burton, English explorer, linguist, soldier (b. 1820)
  • October 26Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (The Adventures of Pinocchio) (b. 1826)
  • November 3Ulrich Ochsenbein, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
  • November 4Félix du Temple de la Croix, French Army Captain & aviation pioneer (b. 1823)
  • November 8César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
  • November 11Marie-Charles David de Mayréna, French adventurer and self-styled King of Sedang (b. 1842)
  • November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
  • November 24August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816)
  • December 15Sitting Bull, Native American chief (b. c. 1831)
  • December 21Johanne Luise Heiberg, Danish actress (b. 1812)
  • December 26Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (b. 1822)
  • December 31Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (b. 1826)

Date unknown[]

  • Comanche, American horse, survivor of Custer's cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • Ann Leah Underhill, one of the Fox sisters, American fraudulent medium (b. 1814)

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Full List of Thunder Bay Region Shipwrecks (by name)". MSU Sea Grant Extension, Northeast District, Michigan State University. 2000.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Many Great Liners Paid Toll Of The Sea; Republic Was First to Utilize the Wireless in Calls for Aid". The New York Times. April 16, 1912. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
  3. "This Day in History: 1890". History.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved October 27, 2009.
  4. "A Steamer and 400 Lives Lost". Otago Times. January 17, 1890. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  5. The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978.
  6. Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 182, ref. no. 200954-13
  7. Hermann, Christoph: Capitalism and the Political Economy of Work Time, pp. 113
  8. "Dixon, George (Little Chocolate)". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. University of Toronto; Université Laval. 2000. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  9. The Daily News (London). "lime, n2". Oxford English Dictionary online version. Oxford University Press. September 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011. (subscription or participating institution membership required)
  10. Crouch, Tom D. "Clément Ader". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  11. Gray, Carroll (1998–2003). "Clement Ader 1841–1925". Flying Machines. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  12. Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. (1959). "Hops and Flights: A Roll Call of Early Powered Take-offs". Flight. 75: 468. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  13. "Read And Others V. The Lord Bishop Of Lincoln: Court Of The Archbishop Of Canterbury, Lambeth Palace, Nov. 21". The Times (33176). London. November 22, 1890. p. 4.
  14. Two Hundred Drowned - Panic among the Chinese on the burned steamer Shanghai.
  15. Galton, Francis (1891). "The Patterns in Thumb and Finger Marks – On Their Arrangement into Naturally Distinct Classes, the Permanence of the Papillary Ridges that Make Them, and the Resemblance of Their Classes to Ordinary Genera". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 182: 1–23. doi:10.1098/rstb.1891.0001. JSTOR 91733.
  16. "Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa". World Digital Library. 1908. Retrieved September 24, 2013.

Music[]

Singles

  1. La Media Noche U.S. Marine Band
  2. The Thunderer U.S. Marine Band
  3. An Episode of the Crimea Florence Nightingale
  4. Semper Fidelis U.S. Marine Band
  5. Auld Lang Syne Emile Berliner
  6. The Washington Post U.S. Marine Band
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