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Template:C19 year in topic

1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1889th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 889th year of the , the 89th year of the , and the 10th and last year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

File:Rudolph & mary.jpg

January 30: Rudolf & Maria at Mayerling.

January–March

  • January 1
    • A total eclipse of the Sun is seen over parts of California and Nevada.
    • Wovoka experiences a vision leading to the start of the Ghost Dance movement in the Dakotas.
  • January 4 – An Act to Regulate Appointments in the Marine Hospital Service of the United States is signed by President Grover Cleveland. It establishes a Commissioned Corps of officers as a predecessor to the modern-day U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps.
  • January 5Preston North End F.C. is declared the winner of the inaugural Football League in England.
  • January 8Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine in the United States.
  • January 15The Coca-Cola Company is originally incorporated as the Pemberton Medicine Company in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • January 22Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
  • January 30Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, and his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera commit a double suicide (or a murder suicide) in the Mayerling hunting lodge.
  • February 5 – The first issue of Glasgow University Magazine is published.
  • February 15 – The first issue of La Solidaridad is published.
  • February 11 – The Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the 1st Diet of Japan convenes in 1890.
  • February 22President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.
  • March 4Benjamin Harrison is sworn in as President of the United States.
  • March 9Yohannes IV, Emperor of Ethiopia, is killed in the Battle of Metemma; Sudanese forces, who had been almost defeated, rally and destroy the Ethiopian army. Yohannes is probably the world's last ruler ever to die in battle. Menelik II proclaims himself as the successor on March 25.
  • March 11 – The North Carolina Legislature issues a charter for the creation of Elon College.
  • March 15Samoan crisis: German and American warships keep each other at bay in a standoff in Apia harbor, ending when a cyclone blows in and sinks them all.
  • March 22 – English Association football team Sheffield United F.C. formed at the Adelphi Hotel, Sheffield.
  • March 23 – Claiming to be the Promised Messiah and Mahdi, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad founds the Ahmadiyya Muslim community in Punjab Province (British India).
  • March 31 – The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated (opens May 6). At 300 m, its height exceeds the previous tallest structure in the world by 130 m. Contemporary critics regard it as aesthetically displeasing.
File:Oklahoma Land Rush.jpg

April 22: Land Run.

April–June

  • April 1 – Following a failed attempt at a coup, French defense minister Georges Boulanger is forced to flee the country.
  • April 10 – The Hammarby Roddförening (later Hammarby Fotboll) is founded in Sweden.
  • April 16Charlie Chaplin is born in London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • April 20Adolf Hitler is born at Braunau am Inn in Austria-Hungary on the border with Bavaria, a town where his father Alois Hitler is a customs official.
  • April 22 – At high noon in Oklahoma Territory, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed, with populations of at least 10,000.
  • May 2Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, signs a treaty of amity with Italy, giving Italy control over what will become Eritrea.
  • May 6 – The Exposition Universelle opens in Paris with the Eiffel Tower as its entrance arch. The Galerie des machines, at 111 m, spans the longest interior space in the world at this time.
  • May 11 – An attack upon a U.S. Army paymaster and escort results in the theft of over $28,000 and the award of two Medals of Honor.
  • May 31
    • Johnstown Flood: The South Fork Dam collapses in western Pennsylvania, killing more than 2,200 people in and around Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
    • The Naval Defence Act dictates that the fleet strength of the British Royal Navy must be equal to that of at least any two other countries.[1]
  • June – Vincent van Gogh paints The Starry Night at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.
  • June 3 – The first long distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles (23 km) between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon.
  • June 6 – The Great Seattle Fire ravages through the downtown area without any fatalities.
  • June 8The Wall Street Journal is established.
  • June 12 – The Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in the north of Ireland kills 80 people.
  • June 19 – A Neapolitan baker named Raffaele Esposito invents the Pizza Margherita, named after the queen consort of Italy Margherita of Savoy. This is the forerunner of the modern pizza.
  • June 2930 – First Inter-Parliamentary Conference held.
File:Tour eiffel at sunrise from the trocadero.jpg

Eiffel Tower.

July–September

  • July 8
    • The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published in New York City.
    • The last official bare-knuckle boxing title fight ever held (under London Prize Ring Rules) as Heavyweight Champion John L. Sullivan, the "Boston Strong Boy", defeats Jake Kilrain in a world championship bout lasting 75 rounds in Mississippi.
  • July 14International Workers Congresses of Paris open and establish the Second International.
  • July 31Louise, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, marries Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife.
  • August 3Mahdist War: Egyptian and British victory at the Battle of Toski.
  • August 4The Great Fire of Spokane, Washington destroys some 32 blocks of the city, prompting a mass rebuilding project.
  • August 6 – The Savoy Hotel in London opens.[2]
  • August 10 – At the Vienna Hofburg, the grand opening ceremony is held for the Imperial Natural History Museum (German: K.k. Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum), begun in 1871; from August 13 to the end of December, the museum counts 175,000 visitors.
  • August 14September 15London Dock Strike: Dockers strike for a minimum wage of sixpence an hour ("The dockers' tanner"), which they eventually receive, a landmark in the development of New Unionism in Britain.[3]
  • August 26 – The Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of, Children Act, commonly known as the Children's Charter, is passed in the United Kingdom; for the first time it imposes criminal penalties to deter child abuse.[4]
  • August 30 – Official opening of Royal Mail Mount Pleasant Sorting Office in London.
  • August – The Jewish Settlement of Moisés Ville is founded in Argentina.
  • September 10 – Albert Honoré Charles Grimaldi becomes Albert I, Prince of Monaco.
  • September 17 – Civil War veteran Charles Jefferson Wright founds New York Military Academy with 75 students on 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land in Cornwall, New York.
  • September 23 – The Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market Hanafuda playing cards.

October–December

File:Nintendo former headquarter plate Kyoto.jpg

September 23: Nintendo founded as a playing card manufacturer

  • October 2 – In Washington, D.C., the first International Conference of American States begins.
  • October 6 – The Moulin Rouge cabaret opens in Paris.
  • October 12Gustaf Åkerhielm, previously Swedish Foreign Minister, replaces Gillis Bildt as Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • October 24 – Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of New South Wales, delivers the Tenterfield Oration calling for the Federation of Australia.
  • October 29British South Africa Company receives a Royal Charter.[1]
  • November – The first free elections are held in Costa Rica.
  • November 2
  • November 8Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
  • November 11Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state.
  • November 14 – Inspired by Jules Verne, pioneer woman journalist Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) begins an attempt to beat travel around the world in less than 80 days (Bly finishes the journey in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes).
  • November 15 – Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca organizes a military coup which deposes Emperor Pedro II of Brazil and abolishes the Brazilian monarchy. Deodoro da Fonseca proclaims Brazil a Republic and forms a Provisional Government.
  • November 17 – The Brazilian Imperial Family is forced into exile in France.
  • November 19 – The modern-day flag of Brazil is adopted by the Provisional Government of the Republic.
  • November 20
    • Argentina is the first country to recognize the abolition of the monarchy in Brazil.
    • Gustav Mahler premieres his Symphony No. 1, in Budapest.
  • November 23 – The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
  • November 27Clemson University is founded in Clemson, South Carolina.
  • December 4 – The Bayswater Railway Station (Victoria, Australia) officially opens.
  • December 14 – Wofford and Furman play the first intercollegiate football game in the state of South Carolina.
  • December 23 – The Spanish football team Recreativo de Huelva is formed (the oldest club in Spain by the 21st century).
File:Panama-Canal-rough-diagram-quick.jpg

Panama, yellow fever.

Date unknown

  • An early method of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission as developed by the Swiss engineer René Thury [6] is implemented commercially in Italy by the Acquedotto de Ferrari-Galliera company. This system transmits 630 kW at 14 kV DC over a distance of 120 km.[7][8]
  • The first West Virginia tornado is recorded.
  • The Wisden Cricketers' Almanack publishes its first Wisden Cricketers of the Year (actually titled Six Great Bowlers Of The Year). The cricketers chosen are George Lohmann, Bobby Peel, Johnny Briggs, Charles Turner, John Ferris and Sammy Woods.
  • Frederick Abel invents cordite.
  • Influenza pandemic originates in Russia.
  • Yellow fever interrupts the building of the Panama Canal.
  • A huge locust swarm crosses the Red Sea and destroys crops in the Nile Valley.
  • The Capilano Suspension Bridge (the longest suspension foot-bridge in the world) is opened.
    File:Capilano Suspension Bridge 2.jpg

    Capilano Bridge.

  • Brook trout is introduced into the upper Firehole River, Yellowstone National Park.
  • Schools founded include:
    • Plattsburgh Normal School (Plattsburgh, New York)
    • Riverside Elementary School (Wichita, Kansas)
    • Battle Ground Academy Franklin, Tennessee
  • The Indian Religious Code is created which forbids Native Americans to practice their religions.Template:Fix
  • Samuel Marinus Zwemer co-founds the American Arabian Mission[9]

Births

January–March

  • January 12Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, 2nd Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam (d. 1965)
  • January 21Edith Bratt, English wife of J. R. R. Tolkien (d. 1971)
  • January 31Frank Foster, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • February 2Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (d. 1952)
  • February 3Risto Ryti, Prime Minister and President of Finland (d. 1956)
  • February 5Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (d. 1962)
  • February 7Harry Nyquist, Swedish-American contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • February 11John H. Mills, Sr., African-American singer, one of the Mills Brothers (d. 1967)
  • February 12
    • Edward Hanson, 28th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1959)
    • Marjorie Newell Robb, RMS Titanic survivor (d. 1992)
  • February 16Hawthorne C. Gray, record-setting American balloonist (d. 1927)
  • February 19Ernest Marsden, British physicist (d. 1970)
  • February 22
    • Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides (d. 1977)
    • R. G. Collingwood, British philosopher and historian (d. 1943)
  • February 23Victor Fleming, American motion picture director, (d. 1949)
  • February 24Suzanne Bianchetti, French actress (d. 1936)
  • February 25Homer S. Ferguson, American politician (d. 1982)
  • March 1
    • Kanoko Okamoto, Japanese novelist, poet, and Buddhism scholar (d. 1939)
    • Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • March 4
    • Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
    • Pearl White, American silent film actress (d. 1938)
  • March 6William D. Francis, Australian botanist (d. 1959)
  • March 7Godfrey Chevalier, American naval aviation pioneer (d. 1922)
  • March 15Hiroaki Abe, Japanese admiral (d. 1949)
  • March 16Reggie Walker, South African athlete (d. 1951)
  • March 21Aleksandr Vertinsky, Russian singer and actor (d. 1957)
  • March 24Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
  • March 29Warner Baxter, American actor (d. 1951)
  • March 30Herman Bing, German-American character actor and voice actor (d. 1947)
  • March 31Muriel Hazel Wright, noted Oklahoma author and historian (d. 1975)

April

File:Charlie Chaplin.jpg

Charlie Chaplin

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg

Adolf Hitler

  • April 4
    • Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, German general (d. 1962)
    • Angelo Iachino, Italian admiral (d. 1976)
  • April 7Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
  • April 8
    • Adrian Boult, English conductor (d. 1983)
    • Tomoshige Samejima, Japanese admiral (d. 1966)
  • April 11
    • Nick LaRocca, American musician (d. 1961)
    • Aketo Nakamura, Japanese general (d. 1966)
  • April 14Arnold J. Toynbee, British historian (d. 1975)
  • April 15Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (d. 1975)
  • April 16Charlie Chaplin, English actor and film director (d. 1977)
  • April 18Harold Saxton Burr, American scientist (d. 1973)
  • April 20Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born dictator of Nazi Germany (d. 1945)
  • April 21
    • Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
    • Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, former President of Peru (d. 1967)
  • April 23Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (d. 1942)
  • April 26Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1951)
  • April 28
    • Takeo Kurita, Japanese admiral (d. 1977)
    • António de Oliveira Salazar, Portuguese dictator (d. 1970)
  • April 30Fritz Pfeffer, German-Dutch housemate of Anne Frank (d. 1944)

May

File:Sikorsky, Igor.jpg

Igor Sikorsky

  • May 12Otto Frank, German publisher, businessman, father of Anne Frank (d. 1980)
  • May 18Thomas Midgley, Jr., American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • May 21Bernard Rawlings, British admiral (d. 1962)
  • May 25
    • Günther Lütjens, German admiral (d. 1941)
    • Igor Sikorsky, Russian developer of the helicopter (d. 1972)

June

File:Beno Gutenberg.jpg

Beno Gutenberg

  • June 2Martha Wentworth, American actress (d. 1974)
  • June 4
    • Beno Gutenberg, German-American seismologist (d. 1960)
    • Henry F. Phillips, American businessman and inventor (d. 1958)
  • June 10Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
  • June 13Adolphe Pégoud, French acrobatic pilot and World War I fighter ace (d. 1915)
  • June 21Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)
  • June 23Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • June 27Moroni Olsen, American actor (d. 1954)

July–September

File:Jean Cocteau b Meurisse 1923.jpg

Jean Cocteau

File:Heidegger 4 (1960) cropped.jpg

Martin Heidegger

  • July 3Richard Cramer, American actor (d. 1960)
  • July 5Jean Cocteau, French writer (d. 1963)
  • July 6Takeo Itō, Japanese general (d. 1965)
  • July 7Shiro Kawase, Japanese admiral (d. 1946)
  • July 13Emma Asson, Estonian politician (d. 1965)
  • July 17Erle Stanley Gardner, American author (d. 1970)
  • July 22Tony Jannus, American aviator and aircraft designer (d. 1916)
  • July 24Murray Kinnell, English actor (d. 1954)
  • August 5Conrad Aiken, American writer (d. 1973)
  • August 6George Kenney, World War II United States Army Air Forces general (d. 1977)
  • August 10Norman Scott, American admiral and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942)
  • August 11William Ronald Dodds Fairbairn Scottish psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and a central figure in the development of the object relations theory of psychoanalysis. (d. 1942)
  • August 12Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • August 21Sir Richard O'Connor, British general in World War II (d. 1981)
  • August 29Joseph Egger, Austrian character actor (d. 1966)
  • September 2George H. Plympton, American screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • September 7Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer (d. 1953)
  • September 8Robert A. Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio (d. 1953)
  • September 11Suzanne Duchamp, French painter (d. 1963)
  • September 12Ugo Pasquale Mifsud, 3rd Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1942)
  • September 13Masao Maruyama, Japanese general (d. 1957)
  • September 14María Capovilla, Ecuadorian supercentenarian, the last surviving person verified as born in 1889 (d. 2006)
  • September 18Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • September 20Charles Reidpath, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • September 25C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • September 26Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)

October–December

File:Carl von Ossietzky.jpg

Carl von Ossietzky

File:Edwin-hubble.jpg

Edwin Hubble

Date unknown

  • Dr. Rai Rajeshwar Bali, Indian intellectual reformist (d. 1945)
  • James Alexander Allan, Australian poet (d. 1956)
  • Marthe Richard, French prostitute, spy, and politician (d. 1982)
  • Jeanne de Salzmann, Russian pupil of G. I. Gurdjieff (d. 1990)
  • Reşit Süreyya Gürsey, Turkish intellectual, MD and physicist (d.1962)

Deaths

January–June

  • January 13Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
  • January 30
    • Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (suicide) (b. 1858)
    • Baroness Mary Vetsera (suicide) (b. 1871)
  • February 3Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848)
  • February 13João Maurício Vanderlei, Brazilian magistrate and politician (b. 1815)
  • March 8John Ericsson, Swedish inventor and engineer (b. 1803)
  • March 9 – Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia (b. 1837)
  • March 24The Leatherman, possibly French-Canadian vagabond in the U.S. (b. ca. 1839)
  • April 7Youssef Bey Karam, Lebanese nationalist leader (b. 1823)
  • April 15Father Damien, Belgian missionary to Hawaiians with leprosy (b. 1840)
  • April 23Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (b. 1808)
  • May 9William S. Harney, U.S. Army general (b. 1800)
  • May 14Volney E. Howard, American politician (b. 1809)
  • May 12Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • June 8Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (b. 1844)
  • June 10Abraham Hochmuth, Hungarian rabbi (b. 1816)
  • June 15Mihai Eminescu, Romanian poet (b. 1850)
  • June 25Lucy Webb Hayes, First Lady of the United States (b. 1831)

July–December

File:Joule James sitting.jpg

James Prescott Joule

File:President-Jefferson-Davis.jpg

Jefferson Davis

  • July 7Giovanni Bottesini, Italian conductor, composer, and virtuoso double bass player (b. 1821)
  • July 10Julia Gardiner Tyler, First Lady of the United States (b. 1820)
  • August 2Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • August 19Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (b. 1838)
  • September 16Bob Younger, American outlaw and youngest of the Younger outlaws
  • September 23Wilkie Collins, British novelist (b. 1824)
  • September 24Charles Leroux, American balloonist and parachutist (b. 1856)
  • October 10Adolf von Henselt, German composer
  • October 11James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
  • October 17Rodrigo Augusto da Silva, Brazilian Senator and author of the Golden Law (b. 1833)
  • October 19 – King Luís I of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • October 25Émile Augier, French dramatist (b. 1820)
  • November 18William Allingham, Irish author (b. 1824 or 1828)
  • December 6Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1808)
  • December 12Robert Browning, English poet (b. 1812)
  • December 29Glele, King of Dahomey (suicide)
  • December 31Ion Creangă, Romanian writer (b. 1837 or 1839)

Date unknown

  • Warren Felt Evans, American writer (b. 1817)
  • Little Raven (Arapaho leader), Southern Arapaho Indian chief (b. c. 1810)
  • Amalia Assur, Swedish dentist (b. 1803)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 315–316. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  3. "The Great Dock Strike". PortCities project. Archived from the original on February 25, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  4. Batty, David (May 18, 2005). "Timeline: a history of child protection". The Guardian. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
  5. "The Historical Don". Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  6. Donald Beaty et al., "Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers 11th Ed.", McGraw Hill, 1978
  7. "ACW's Insulator Info - Book Reference Info - History of Electrical Systems and Cables".
  8. R. M. Black The History of Electric Wires and Cables, Peter Perigrinus, London 1983 ISBN: 0-86341-001-4 pages 94–96
  9. "Zigzag Journeys in the Camel Country: Arabia in Picture and Story". World Digital Library. 1911. Retrieved September 22, 2013.

Music

Singles

  1. The Fifth Regiment March Issler's Orchestra
  2. How They Brought the Good News From Ghent to Aix Robert Browning
  3. Hungarian Dance No. 1 Johannes Brahms
  4. In Good Old Colony Times (excerpt) / Gaudeamus Igitur (excerpt) / Als Kaiser Rotbart lobesam (excerpt) / La Marseillaise (excerpt) / Appeal to His Son Herbert Otto von Bismarck
  5. Hornpipe Polka U.S. Marine Band
  6. The Pattison Waltz Effie Stewart & Theo Wangemann
  7. Electric Light Quadrille Issler's Orchestra
  8. Hungarian Melody Emánuel Moór
  9. Schalldruck Emile Berliner
  10. Zahlen, a, b, c, usw Emile Berliner
  11. Der Handschuh Emile Berliner
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