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Template:C19 year in topic

1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1887th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 887th year of the , the 87th year of the , and the 8th year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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File:Menelik II.jpg

January 6: Menelik II

  • January 11Louis Pasteur's anti-rabies treatment is defended in the Académie Nationale de Médecine by Dr. Joseph Grancher.
  • January 20 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
  • January 21
    • The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed.
    • Brisbane receives a one-day rainfall of 465 millimetres – a record for any Australian capital city.

March 3: Helen Keller and Sullivan.

  • January 24Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat the talians.
  • January 28
    • In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, USA, the largest snowflakes on record are reported. They are 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
    • Construction of the foundations of the Eiffel Tower starts in Paris, France.
  • February 2 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • February 4 – The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, as passed by the 49th United States Congress, is signed into law by President Grover Cleveland.
  • February 5 – The Giuseppe Verdi opera Otello premieres at La Scala.
  • February 8 – The Dawes Act, or the General Allotment Act, is enacted.
  • February 23 – The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000 along the coast of the Mediterranean.
  • February 26 – At the Sydney Cricket Ground, George Lohmann becomes the first bowler to take eight wickets in a Test innings.
  • March 3Anne Sullivan begins teaching Helen Keller.
  • March 4Gottlieb Daimler unveils his first automobile.
  • March 7North Carolina State University is established as North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.
  • March 13Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs.
File:Gottlieb Daimler 1890s2.jpg

March 4: Daimler


  • April 1Mumbai Fire Brigade is established.
  • April 4Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
  • April 9 – The Charter of Incorporation was approved for The Teutonia Maennerchor Hall in the East Allegheny (Deutschtown) neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • April 10 – The Catholic University of America is founded on Easter Sunday.
  • April 21Schnaebele incident – French/German border incident nearly leads to war between the two countries.
  • April 20Occidental College is founded.
  • May 3 – An earthquake hits Sonora, Mexico.
  • May 9Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show opens in London.
  • May 14 – The cornerstone of the new Stanford University, in northern California, is laid (the college opens in 1891).
  • June 8Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punched card calculator.
  • June 18 – The Reinsurance Treaty is closed between Germany and Russia.
  • June 21
    • The British Empire celebrates Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of her reign.[1]
    • Zululand becomes a British colony.
  • June 23 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating that nation's first national park, Banff National Park.[2]
  • June 28Minot, North Dakota is incorporated as a city.
File:Moraine Lake 17092005.jpg

June 23: Banff National Park


  • July – James Blyth operates the first working wind turbine at Marykirk in Scotland.[3][4]
  • July 1 – Construction of the iron structure of the Eiffel Tower starts in Paris, France
  • July 6 – King Kalākaua of Hawai'i is forced by anti-monarchists to sign the 'Bayonet Constitution', stripping the Hawaiian monarchy of much of its authority as well as disfranchising most native Hawaiians, all Asians and the poor.
  • July 12Odense Boldklub, the Danish football team, is founded as the Odense Cricket Club.
  • July 19Dorr Eugene Felt receives the first U.S. patent for his comptometer.[5]
  • July 26Blackpool F.C. is created in England, UK.
  • August – The earliest constituent of the U.S. National Institutes of Health is established at the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, as the Laboratory of Hygiene.
  • August 8Antonio Guzmán Blanco ends his term as President of Venezuela.
  • August 13Hibernian F.C. of Scotland defeats Preston North End F.C. of England to win the "Championship of the World" after the two teams win the Association football Cup competitions in their respective countries.
  • September 5 – The Theatre Royal, Exeter, England, burns down, killing 186 people.
  • September 28 – Start of the 1887 Yellow River flood in China, killing 900,000 to 2,000,000 people.
File:Flag of Esperanto.svg

July 26: Esperanto


  • October 1 – The British Empire takes over Balochistan.
  • October 3Florida A&M University opens its doors in Tallahassee, Florida.
  • November
    • Results of the Michelson–Morley experiment are published, indicating that the speed of light is independent of motion.
    • Arthur Conan Doyle's detective character Sherlock Holmes makes his first appearance, in the novel A Study in Scarlet published in Beeton's Christmas Annual.
  • November 3 – The Coimbra Academic Association, the students' union of the University of Coimbra in Portugal, is founded.
  • November 6 – The Association football club Celtic F.C. is formed in Glasgow, Scotland, by Irish Marist Brother Walfrid to help alleviate poverty in the city's East End by raising money for his charity, the Poor Children's Dinner Table.[6][7]
  • November 8Emile Berliner is granted a patent for his Gramophone.
  • November 10Louis Lingg, sentenced to be hanged for his alleged role in the Haymarket affair, a bombing in Chicago on May 4, 1886, kills himself by dynamite.
  • November 11August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer, George Engel, Michael Schwab, and Samuel Fielden are hanged for inciting riot and murder in the Haymarket affair.
  • November 13Bloody Sunday: Police in London clash with radical and Irish nationalist protesters.
File:Michelson-Morley experiment (en).svg

November: Michelson-Morley.

  • December 5 – International Bureau of Intellectual Property.
  • December 25Glenfiddich single malt Scotch whisky is first produced.

Date unknown

  • Franz König publishes "Über freie Körper in den Gelenken" in the medical journal Deutsche Zeitschrift für Chirurgie, describing (and naming) the disease Osteochondritis dissecans for the first time.
  • Teachers College, later part of Columbia University, is founded.
  • The first All-Ireland Hurling and Football Finals are held.
  • Heinrich Hertz discovers the photoelectric effect on the production and reception of electromagnetic (EM) waves (radio). This was an important step towards the understanding of the quantum nature of light.
  • A. G. Edwards, Inc., is founded by General Albert Gallatin Edwards.
  • Heyl & Patterson Inc., a pioneer in coal unloading equipment, is founded by Edmund W. Heyl and William J. Patterson.
File:Heinrich Rudolf Hertz 2.jpg

Heinrich Hertz.

  • Laos and Cambodia are added to French Indochina.
  • Publication in New York of the first English-language edition of Friedrich Engels' 1844 study of The Condition of the Working Class in England, translated by Florence Kelley.
  • Publication in Barcelona of Enrique Gaspar's El anacronópete, the first work of fiction to feature a time machine.[8]
  • Publication begins of Futabatei Shimei's Ukigumo, the first modern novel in Japan.
  • Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn is founded.



File:August Macke 042.jpg

August Macke

File:Grover Cleveland Alexander.jpg

Grover Cleveland Alexander

  • January 1
    • Wilhelm Canaris, head of German military intelligence in World War II (d. 1945)
    • Max Ritter von Müller, German World War I fighter ace (d. 1918)
  • January 3August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • January 10Robinson Jeffers, American poet (d. 1962)
  • January 13Jorge Chávez, pioneer Peruvian aviator (d. 1910)
  • January 17Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • January 19Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
  • January 21Maude Davis, oldest person in the World (d. 2002)
  • January 22
    • Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
    • Elmer Fowler Stone, American aviator, the first United States Coast Guard aviator (d. 1936)
  • January 23Dorothy Payne Whitney, American-born philanthropist and social activist (d. 1968)
  • January 28Arthur Rubinstein, Polish-born pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
  • February 1Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • February 2Pat Sullivan, Australian director and producer of animated films (d. 1933)
  • February 3Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914)
  • February 4Sheila Kaye-Smith, English writer (d. 1955)
  • February 6Josef Frings, Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • February 10John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1985)
  • February 11
    • Ernst Hanfstaengl, German-born pianist and U.S. politician (d. 1975)
    • H. Kent Hewitt, American admiral (d. 1972)
    • John van Melle, Dutch-born writer (d. 1953)
  • February 17Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (d. 1947)
  • February 20
    • Carl Ebert, German theatre and opera director (d. 1980)
    • Vincent Massey, Governor General of Canada (d. 1967)
  • February 26
    • Grover Cleveland Alexander, baseball player (d. 1950)
    • William Frawley, American actor (d. 1966)
  • March 3Lincoln Beachey, American stunt pilot (d. 1915)
  • March 4Violet MacMillan, American Broadway theatre actress (d. 1953)
  • March 5Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959)
  • March 9Phil Mead, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • March 13Alexander Vandegrift, American general (d. 1973)
  • March 14
    • Sylvia Beach, American publisher in Paris (d. 1952)
    • Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962)
File:Chico Marx - signed.jpg

Chico Marx

  • March 22Chico Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1961)
  • March 23
    • Juan Gris, Spanish-born painter and graphic artist (d. 1927)
    • Prince Felix Yusupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (d. 1967)
  • March 24Fatty Arbuckle, American actor (d. 1933)
  • March 25Chūichi Nagumo, Japanese admiral (d. 1944)


  • April 3Nishizō Tsukahara, Japanese admiral (d. 1966)
  • April 10Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • April 15Mike Brady, American golfer (d. 1972)
  • April 26Kojo Tovalou Houénou, prominent African critic of the French colonial empire in Africa. (d. 1936)
  • May 2
    • Vernon Castle, dancer, (d. 1918)
    • Eddie Collins, baseball player (d. 1951)
  • May 5Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1972)
  • May 10 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th master of the Oveyssi Sufi Order (d. 1962)
  • May 11Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (d. 1951)
  • May 15John H. Hoover, American admiral (d. 1970)
  • May 22Jim Thorpe, American athlete (d. 1953).
  • May 25Pio of Pietrelcina, Italian saint (d. 1968)
  • May 26Paul Lukas, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1971)
  • May 31Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • June 2Orrick Johns, American poet and playwright (d. 1946)
  • June 3Carlo Michelstaedter, Italian philosopher (d. 1910)
  • June 9Emilio Mola, Spanish Nationalist commander (d. 1937)
  • June 13André François-Poncet, French politician and diplomat (d. 1978)
  • June 22Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
  • June 25George Abbott, American playwright (d. 1995)


File:Shagal Choumoff.jpg

Marc Chagall

File:Gustav Hertz.jpg

Gustav Ludwig Hertz

File:Erwin Schrödinger (1933).jpg

Erwin Schrödinger

File:Harry Hooper 1915.jpg

Harry Hooper

  • July 1Morton Deyo, American admiral (d. 1973)
  • July 7Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter (d. 1985)
  • July 16Shoeless Joe Jackson, baseball player (d. 1951)
  • July 18Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian politician and traitor (d. 1945)
  • July 22Gustav Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • July 28Marcel Duchamp, French-born artist (d. 1968)
  • July 29Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1951)
  • July 31Mitsuru Ushijima, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • August 3Rupert Brooke, British war poet (d. 1915)
  • August 6Oliver Wallace, English-born film composer (d. 1963)
  • August 12Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • August 13Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • August 15Edna Ferber, American novelist (d. 1968); other sources give her year of birth as 1885
  • August 17
    • Emperor Karl I of Austria (d. 1922)
    • Marcus Garvey, American publisher, entrepreneur, and Pan Africanist (d. 1940)
  • August 24Harry Hooper, baseball player (d. 1974)
  • August 27Julia Sanderson, American actress (d. 1975)
  • August 28István Kühár, Prekmurje Slovene writer and politician (d. 1922)
  • September 1Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (d. 1961)
  • September 3Frank Christian, American jazz musician (d. 1973)
  • September 5Irene Fenwick, American actress (d. 1936)
  • September 8Jacob L. Devers, American general (d. 1979)
  • September 12Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli, Azerbaijani statesman and writer, claimed "core author" of novel Ali and Nino (d. in Gulag 1943)
  • September 13
    • Lancelot Holland, British admiral (d. 1941)
    • Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • September 16
    • George Roby Dempster, American businessman, inventor, and politician (d. 1964)
    • Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (d. 1979)
    • Kamato Hongo, the last verified living person born in 1887 (d. 2003)
  • September 26
    • Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (d. 1958)
    • William Barnard Rhodes-Moorhouse, British aviator, first airman to receive the Victoria Cross (d. 1915)
  • September 28Avery Brundage, American sports official (d. 1975)


File:Le Corbusier 1933.JPG

Le Corbusier

File:Walter Johnson 1924.jpg

Walter Johnson


Henry Moseley

File:HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpg

Prince Higashikuni



  • February 19Eduard Douwes Dekker, Dutch writer (b. 1820)
  • February 26Anandi Gopal Joshi, first Indian woman doctor (b. 1865)
  • February 27Alexander Borodin, Russian composer (b. 1833)
  • March 8Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (b. 1813)
  • March 24
    • Justin Holland, American musician and civil rights activist (b.1819)
    • Ivan Kramskoi, painter (b. 1837)
  • March 28Ditlev Gothard Monrad, Danish politician (b. 1811)
  • April 10John T. Raymond, American actor (b. 1836)
  • April 23John Ceiriog Hughes, Welsh poet (b. 1832)
  • May 7C. F. W. Walther, German-American theologian (b. 1811)
  • May 8Aleksandr Ulyanov, Russian revolutionary, brother of V. I. Lenin (b. 1866)
  • May 14Lysander Spooner, American philosopher and abolitionist (b. 1808)
  • June 4William A. Wheeler, 19th Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
  • June 10Richard Lindon, Inventor of the rugby ball, the India-rubber inflatable bladder and the brass hand pump for the same (b. 1816)


File:Gustav Robert Kirchhoff.jpg

Gustav Kirchhoff

  • July 8John Wright Oakes, landscape painter (b. 1820)
  • July 17Dorothea Dix, American social activist (b. 1802)
  • July 25John Taylor, American religious leader (b. 1808)
  • August 8Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • August 19Alvan Clark, telescope manufacturer (b. 1804)
  • August 20Jules Laforgue, French poet (b. 1860)
  • October 17Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (b. 1824)
  • October 21Bernard Jauréguiberry, admiral (b. 1815)
  • November 2Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (b. 1820)
  • November 8Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
  • November 19Emma Lazarus, American poet (b. 1859)
  • November 28Gustav Fechner, experimental psychologist (b. 1801)
  • December 23Adolphus Frederick Alexander Woodford, British parson (b. 1821)
  • undatedAntoinette Nording, Swedish perfume entrepreneur (b. 1814)


  1. Archived November 1, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Price, Trevor J. (2004). "Blyth, James (1839–1906)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved April 16, 2014. Template:ODNBsub
  4. Hardy, Chris (July 6, 2010). "Renewable energy and role of Marykirk's James Blyth". The Courier. Dundee: D. C. Thomson & Co.
  5. U.S. Patent No. 366,945, filed July 6, 1886; second patent granted October 11, 1887: U.S. Patent No. 371,496, filed March 12, 1887.
  6. Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). Wherever Green Is Worn: The Story of the Irish Diaspora. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 250. ISBN 978-1-4039-6014-6.
  7. Wagg, Stephen (2002). British Football and Social Exclusion. Routledge. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-7146-5217-7.
  8. Westcott, Kathryn (April 9, 2011). "HG Wells or Enrique Gaspar: Whose time machine was first?". BBC News. Retrieved April 9, 2011.



  1. Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star Thomas Edison