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Template:C19 year in topic

1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1886th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 886th year of the , the 86th year of the , and the 7th year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January–March

File:1885Benz.jpg

January 29Karl Benz patent.

  • January 1Upper Burma is formally annexed to British Burma, following its conquest in the Third Anglo-Burmese War of November 1885.
  • January 5 – Publication of Robert Louis Stevenson's novella Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
  • January 16 – A resolution is passed in the German Parliament to condemn the Prussian deportations, the politically motivated mass expulsion of ethnic Poles and Jews from Prussia, initiated by Otto von Bismarck.
  • January 18 – Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
  • January 29Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile, the Benz Patent-Motorwagen (built in 1885).
  • February 14 – The first train load of oranges leaves Los Angeles via the transcontinental railroad.
  • March 3 – The Treaty of Bucharest ends the Serbo-Bulgarian War in the Balkans.
  • March 8 – Anti-Chinese sentiments result in riots in Seattle, USA.
  • March 16 – A law establishing the Kiel Canal is adopted.
  • March 17Carrollton Massacre: 20 African Americans are killed in Mississippi.
  • March 29Wilhelm Steinitz becomes first recognized World Chess Champion.

April–June

File:Cocacola-5cents-1900 edit1.jpg

May 8: Coca-Cola invented.

  • April 4William Ewart Gladstone introduces the First Irish Home Rule Bill in the Parliament of the United Kingdom; it is defeated on June 8.
  • April 25Easter occurs on the latest possible date (the next time is in 1943).
  • May 4
    • A general strike begins in the United States, which escalates into the Haymarket Riot and eventually wins the eight-hour day for workers.
    • Emile Berliner starts work that leads to the invention of the gramophone.
  • May 8 – American pharmacist Dr. John Pemberton invents a carbonated beverage that will be named Coca-Cola.
  • May 15 – Portugal and France agree to regulate the borders of their colonies in Guinea.
  • May 17
    • Motherwell Football Club is founded in Scotland.
    • Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that corporations have the same rights as living persons.
  • May 29John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola (in The Atlanta Journal).
  • June 2 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom in the White House (Washington, D.C.), becoming the only President of the United States to wed in the executive mansion. She is 27 years his junior.
  • June 3Uganda Martyrs: Charles Lwanga, twelve other Catholic boys and men and nine Anglicans are burned (and another Catholic speared) to death at the orders of Kabaka Mwanga II of Buganda in Namugongo.
File:Lake Tarawera.jpg

June 10: Mount Tarawera erupts.

  • June 10 – The Mount Tarawera volcano erupts in New Zealand, resulting in the deaths of over 150 people and the destruction of the famous Pink and White Terraces.
  • June 12 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria is detained as part of a deposition, drowning the following day under mysterious circumstances. Six weeks later his unfinished Neuschwanstein Castle is opened to the public.
  • June 13 – The Great Vancouver Fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • June 30 – The Royal Holloway College for women is opened by Queen Victoria near London in England.

July–September

File:FolliesBergereBoxCostume.jpg

November 30: Folies Bergère

  • July 3Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen.
  • July 9Charles Hall files a patent for his process of turning aluminium oxide into molten aluminium.
  • July 23Steve Brodie fakes a jump from the Brooklyn Bridge.
  • July 25Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative Party (UK)) becomes Great Britain's 30th Prime Minister.
  • July 31 – Death of Hungarian composer Franz Liszt.
  • August 13Nagasaki Incident.
  • August 19 – The Christian Union (Church of God) is established.Template:Where
  • August 20 – A massive hurricane demolishes the town of Indianola, Texas.
  • August 31 – The 7.0 Mw Charleston earthquake affects southeastern South Carolina with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Sixty people were killed and damage is estimated at $5–6 million.
  • September 1Grasshopper Club Zürich is founded as first football club in the city of Zürich.
  • September 4American Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo surrenders with his last band of warriors to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.
  • September 9Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works signed.
  • September 21William Stanley, Jr. patents the first practical alternating current transformer device, the induction coil.

October–December

  • October 7 – Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba.
  • October 28 – In New York Harbor, U.S. President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France. The ensuing spontaneous celebration in New York City leads to the first ticker tape parade.
  • November – The extremely harsh winter of 1886–87 in the United States begins, killing tens of thousands of cattle on the Great Plains of North America.
  • November 3 – In the British Raj, what will become one of the biggest boys' schools in Pakistan, Aitchison College, Lahore, is founded under the auspices of Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchison.
  • November 11Heinrich Hertz verifies at the University of Karlsruhe the existence of electromagnetic waves.
  • November 30 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue in Paris.
  • December 11 – London Association football club Arsenal, founded as Dial Square by workers at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich, play their first match (on the Isle of Dogs). The club is renamed Royal Arsenal soon afterwards, supposedly on December 25.[1]
  • December 17 – English adventurer Thomas Stevens concludes the first circumnavigation by bicycle in Yokohama, having set out on his penny-farthing from San Francisco in 1884.

Date unknown

  • Scotch whisky distiller William Grant & Sons is founded.
  • Yorkshire Tea is established in Harrogate, UK.
  • The village of Skorenovac is founded, mostly by Székely Hungarians.
  • An inexpensive method for refining aluminum, the Hall–Héroult process, is discovered.
  • Father Augustine Tolton, the first Roman Catholic priest from the United States to proclaim himself African American, is ordained in Rome.
  • Addis Ababa is founded in the Ethiopian Empire.
  • Horse-drawn streetcars of Austria-Hungary, France, Germany and Great Britain are carrying c. 900 million riders per year.
  • Emily Ruete publishes her landmark memoir, Memoirs of an Arabian Princess: An Autobiography.[2]
  • Bedford Rugby Club is formed in England.

Births

File:Wilhelm Furtwängler.jpg

Wilhelm Furtwängler

File:Oskar Kokoschka (1963) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg

Oskar Kokoschka

January–March

  • January 2Florence Lawrence, Canadian-born actress (d. 1938)
  • January 5Markus Reiner, Israeli scientist (d. 1976)
  • January 7Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (d. 1963)
  • January 11Chester Conklin, American actor (d. 1971)
  • January 14Hugh Lofting, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • January 17Joe Masseria, Italian-born American gangster (d. 1931)
  • January 18Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (d. 1962)
  • January 25Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
  • January 27Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (d. 1943)
  • January 28
    • Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
    • Sam McDaniel, African-American actor (d. 1962)
  • January 31Alfonso López Pumarejo, 14th and 16th President of Colombia (d. 1959)
  • February 2Frank Lloyd, English-born film director, scriptwriter and producer (d. 1960)
  • February 4Edward Sheldon, American playwright, (d. 1946)
  • February 7Yehezkel Abramsky, eminent Russian-born rabbi, head of the London Beth Din for 17 years (d. 1976)
  • February 8Charles Ruggles, American actor (d. 1970)
  • February 12Margarita Fischer, American silent film actress (d. 1975)
  • February 27Hugo Black, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1971)
  • March 1Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist and poet (d. 1980)
  • March 2
    • Willis O'Brien, American stop motion animator (d. 1962)
    • Vittorio Pozzo, Italian football player and manager (d. 1968)
    • Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg, German general (d. 1974)
  • March 3Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • March 6Ola Solberg, Norwegian newspaper editor and politician (d. 1977)
  • March 7
    • Virginia Pearson, American silent film actress (d. 1958)
    • Jacques Majorelle, French painter (d. 1962)
  • March 8Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
  • March 9Robert L. Eichelberger, American general (d. 1961)
  • March 11Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Polish politician, Marshal of Poland (d. 1941)
  • March 15Sergey Kirov, Soviet revolutionary (d. 1934)
  • March 18
    • Edward Everett Horton, American actor (d. 1970)
    • Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière, German U-boat ace (d. 1941)
  • March 20Grace Brown, American murder victim whose story became a famous court case, (d. 1906)
  • March 24Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • March 25Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • March 27Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (d. 1969)

April–June

  • April 2Reginald Barker, American film director (d. 1945)
  • April 4William R. Munroe, American admiral (d. 1966)
  • April 8Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright, novelist, and short-story writer (d. 1967)
  • April 14Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (d. 1956)
  • April 15Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • April 16Ernst Thälmann, German Communist Leader (d. 1944)
  • April 25Marie Brémont, the last surviving person documented as born in 1886 (d. 2001)
  • April 26Ma Rainey, American singer (d. 1939)
  • April 30Dick Elliott, American actor (d. 1961)
  • May 2Gottfried Benn, German poet (d. 1956)
  • May 3Marcel Dupré, French composer (d. 1971)
  • May 10
    • Karl Barth, Swiss Protestant theologian (d. 1968)
    • Felix Ysagun Manalo, first Executive Minister (Tagapamahalang Pangkalahatan) of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
    • Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • May 17 –King Alfonso XIII of Spain (d. 1941)
  • May 18Ture Nerman, Swedish communist leader (d. 1969)
  • May 20John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, British businessman (d. 1971)
  • May 26Al Jolson, American entertainer (d. 1950)
  • June 3
    • Benjamin McCandlish, Governor of Guam (d. 1975)
    • Archibald Hill, English physiologist (d. 1977)
  • June 6William A. Glassford, American admiral (d. 1958)
  • June 7Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
  • June 9Kosaku Yamada, Japanese composer and conductor (d. 1965)
  • June 18George Mallory, English climber (d. 1924)
  • June 23Olaf M. Hustvedt, American admiral (d. 1978)
  • June 24George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • June 25Henry "Hap" Arnold, American general and aviation pioneer (d. 1950)
  • June 27Carroll McComas, American actress (d. 1962)
  • June 28Hitoshi Imamura, Japanese general (d. 1968)
  • June 29
    • Robert C. Giffen, American admiral (d. 1962)
    • Robert Schuman, German-French politician, a founding father of the European Union (d. 1963)

July–September

File:Walter Hermann Schottky (1886-1976).jpg

Walter H. Schottky

  • July 3
    • Giovanni Battista Caproni, Italian aeronautical, civil, and electrical engineer, aircraft designer, and industrialist (d. 1957)
    • Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and ambassador (d. 1969)
  • July 5Willem Drees, Dutch politician, prime minister, and centenarian (d. 1988)
  • July 12Jean Hersholt, Danish-born actor (d. 1956)
  • July 15
    • Arthur L. Bristol, American admiral (d. 1942)
    • William Edmunds, Italian stage and screen character actor (d. 1981)
  • July 18Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
  • July 19Michael Fekete, Hungarian-born Israeli mathematician (d. 1957)
  • July 23Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)
  • July 24Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese writer (d. 1965)
  • July 25Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (d. 1946)
  • July 31Fred Quimby, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • August 2John A.D. McCurdy, aviation pioneer & Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • August 12Campbell Tait, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1946)
  • August 6Inez Milholland, Suffragist, labor lawyer, World War I correspondent and public speaker (d. 1916)
  • August 20Paul Tillich, German American Christian existentialist philosopher and theologian (d. 1965)
  • August 27
    • Nicolette Bruining, Dutch theologian and humanitarian (d. 1963)
    • Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (d. 1979)
    • Eric Coates, English composer (d. 1957)
  • August 28Andrew Higgins, American boatbuilder and industrialist (d. 1952)
  • September 1Othmar Schoeck, Swiss composer (d. 1957)
  • September 4Albert Orsborn, the 6th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
  • September 5Nell Brinkley, American illustrator and comic artist (d. 1944)
  • September 8Siegfried Sassoon, British poet (d. 1967)
  • September 11John H. Hester, American general (d. 1976)
  • September 13Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • September 14Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (d. 1948)
  • September 16Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (d. 1966)
  • September 20Charles Williams, British author (d. 1945)
  • September 24
    • Roberto María Ortiz, President of Argentina (d. 1942)
    • Edward Bach, English metaphysician and homeopath (d. 1936)
  • September 25Nobutake Kondō, Japanese admiral (d. 1953)
  • September 26Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1977)
  • September 28Alice Hollister, American silent film actress (d. 1973)

October–December

File:Ben Gurion 1959.jpg

David Ben-Gurion

File:Diego Rivera with a xoloitzcuintle dog in the Blue House, Coyoacan - Google Art Project.jpg

Diego Rivera

File:1913 Ty Cobb portrait photo.png

Ty Cobb

Deaths

January–June

File:Emily Dickinson daguerreotype (cropped).jpg

Emily Dickinson

File:Ludwig II king of Bavaria.jpg

Ludwig II of Bavaria

  • January 17Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (b. 1834)
  • January 18Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (b. 1819)
  • January 25Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna, Chilean historian (b. 1831)
  • January 26David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
  • February 8Winfield Scott Hancock, American general (b. 1824)
  • February 10Laura Don, American actress (b. 1852)
  • February 18Dave Rudabaugh, American outlaw and gunfighter (b. 1854)
  • February 24Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (b. 1823)
  • March 17Pierre-Jules Hetzel, French editor and publisher (b. 1814)
  • April 27Henry Hobson Richardson, prominent American architect (b. 1838)
  • May 9Facundo Bacardí, Cuban rum manufacturer (b. 1814)
  • May 15Emily Dickinson, American poet (b. 1830)
  • May 17John Deere, American inventor (b. 1804)
  • June 13 –King Ludwig II of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • June 21Daniel Dunglas Home, Scottish medium (b. 1833)

July–December

File:Ary Scheffer - Franz Liszt.jpg

Franz Liszt

  • July 1Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich, German geologist (b. 1806)
  • July 4
    • Poundmaker, Aboriginal Canadian leader (b. c. 1842)
    • Prince Arisugawa Takahito, Japanese Prince (b. 1813)
  • July 25Eliza Lynch, First Lady of Paraguay (b. 1833)
  • July 31Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (b. 1811)
  • August 9Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • August 11Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • August 16Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Indian spiritual figure (b. 1836)
  • August 30Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • September 3William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
  • September 4Benjamin F. Cheatham, Confederate general (b. 1820)
  • September 14Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, American land speculator (b. 1802)
  • October 8Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • November 18Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
  • November 20William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • December 8William Fraser Tolmie, Scottish-Canadian scientist and politician (b. 1812)

Date unknown

  • Andrew Nicholl, Northern Irish painter (b. 1804)

References

  1. Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin (2005). The Official Illustrated History of Arsenal. London: Hamlyn. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-600-61344-2.
  2. "Memoirs of an Arabian Princess: An Autobiography". World Digital Library. 1888. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
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