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1871 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade. As of the start of Template:Year article header/Julian day, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

  • The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine are transferred from France to Germany.
  • British trade unions are legalized.
  • Heinrich Schliemann begins the excavation of Troy.
  • Japan forms its own nationwide police force based on the French model.
  • William M. Tweed serves his last year as the "Boss" of the Tammany Hall political machine in New York.
  • The South Improvement Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller and a group of major railroad interests in an early effort to organize and control the petroleum industry in the USA.
  • The Harvard Summer School is founded.
  • The Constitution of the German Empire abolishes all restrictions on Jewish marriage, choice of occupation, place of residence, and property ownership. Exclusion from government employment and discrimination in social relations remain in effect.
  • The American minister to China takes five warships to attempt to "open up" Korea, but his forces leave after exchanges of fire result in 250 Koreans dying and the Korean government still unwilling to make any concessions.
  • Virginia adopts a new Constitution, taking into account, among other things, all of the counties that had left Virginia in 1863 to form the new non-slave state of West Virginia. No other state has ever formed by breaking off from another without the consent of the legislature of the parent state, as in the cases of Vermont, Kentucky, and Maine.
  • In Hanover, German company Continental AG is founded.

Births

January–June

File:Friedrich Ebert face.jpg

Friedrich Ebert

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R98911, Heinrich Mann.jpg

Heinrich Mann

File:Morgenstern-h420.jpg

Christian Morgenstern

File:Ernst Stromer.jpg

Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach

July–December

File:Marcel Proust 1900-2.jpg

Marcel Proust

File:Orville Wright-1928.jpg

Orville Wright

File:Ernest Rutherford LOC.jpg

Ernest Rutherford

Deaths

January–June

July–December

References

  1. BBC History, July 2011, p12
  2. Edward Joesting, Kauai: The Separate Kingdom (University of Hawaii Press, 1988) p171
  3. John Taliaferro, In a Far Country: The True Story of a Mission, a Marriage, a Murder, and the Remarkable Reindeer Rescue of 1898 (PublicAffairs, 2007) p179
  4. Mitchell Snay, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) p172
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  6. Template:Stanley, Henry Morton

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  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...for 1871 (1873), comprehensive collection of facts online edition
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